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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View This Issue
OltlOON CITY, 'OBEGOIV, SATURDAY, JUIET 6, 1867.
Cir run 7
fcf" m T3 nra v -F5 X. ""F3 "v. est "n. J 7t!
Y ) ljc iUcckhj Enterprise.
PI-BU9HED EVERT SATURDAY MORNING
By D.0. IRELAND,
OFFICE: South east comer of Fifth and
Maix streets, in the building lately known
as the Court House, Oregon City, Oregon.
Term of Subscription.
One copv, ornj-ear in advance
- il delayed
Terms cf Advertising.
transient advertisements, one square
(12 lines or less) first insertion ...?2
for each subsequent insertion 1 00
Cards one souare per auoum
oIayabIe quarterly 12 00
oOne column per annum .loo uO
One half column " 50 00
One quarter " " ............ 20 00
Legal advertising at the established rates.
"jiuhncmah L-stJge .No. 1, A. C
I-'. & A. JI -Holds its regular
communications on the first and third .Sat
iirJ.iys of each mojith, at half past six p. a.
Brethren in pood standing are invited to
uttend. Bv order of W. M.
Ore 'on City, Nor. 6th, 1SG0. :20
.oriS- Ortf?cii 3Lolj;e To. 3, I. O.
ofO.F. Meets every Wednes
"a$r.v'k jav evening at 7 o'clock, ia the
Masonic Hall. Members of the orde- are in
tted to attend. Jiy order X. 0. nrs'J
Willaiiietlc Crtge Xn. 133. O. C. T.
Meets every Saturday evening, at the rooms
S.E. corner of Mam and Fifth streets, at 7 1-2 j
o'clock. lsitmg members are invited to
attend. ?:J,-M ,
IJy order of W. C. T.
w , c. jonxsox.
F. O.-M COWN.
Xot u-y J'nblie.
JOHNSON & EIcCGWN,
s "W" ir.j
GUI- (3 ON CITY, OREGON.
Will attend to all business entrusted
I ."our care in any of the Courts of the State,
aillect moa-.-y, negotiate loaus, sell real es
t te, etc.
J-?Tartieular attention given to contested
1 ui(i cases. jL
o D. M. MoKLmiEY,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
JIM j ATTjEND PROMPTLY TO ALL
business entrusted to his care.
) rvu-.z One door north of Bell & Parker
I 'rug store, Oregon City, Oregon. l:'Av
B. E U E L A T,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Oregon t'Jty, Ore go a.
Office over Charman it Brother.
Dr. H. Saffarrans,
PH YSICIAX and SURGEOX.
OFFICE-In J. Fleming's Book Store.
Main street, Oregon City.
Br. P. Barclay, LI. It, C L.
(Formerly Surgeon to the Hon. II. B. Co.)
Sain Street i'.'-.u Oregon City.
I'ermiittutty Locate! at Oregon City, Oregon.
Uoonia over Charman A Bro.'s store. Main
J Oil U.K. sen HA II,
Manufacturer asd Dealer in
fTh SADDLES, II A IIX ESS,
' Main street, between Third and Fourth,
attention of parties desiring anything
JL m my line, is directed to my stock, be
fore making purchases elsewhere.
(ly)O' JOHN 1LSCI1RAM.
A. II. BELL. E. A. r.VRKER.
' AND DEALERS IN"
I Chemicals, PatentPMcdic'titcs, Paints,
s Perfumery, Oils, Varnishes,
' "d every article kept in a Drug Store.
'. '''!! Main Stkeet. Orkros Citt.
" ZIGLER & SOU.,
X pared to makfv-nll manner of ware in the
in of cooperage, from a well-bucket to a
hogshead, of both biltre and straiirht work.
U on short notice, and at reasonable rates.
van and examine samples ot our wors:, a3
i us own recommendation.
j&0nfl) L. ZIGLFR fc SOX.
JAMES m. MOOBST
isce o ;?e Peace CtVy Recorder.
0tHce-i the Court House and City
Umncil Room, Oregon City.
ill attend to the aeknowlediment of
i? ,oe($nd all other duties anpertaining to
t-ieot!ice of Justice of the Peace. :y
; Jolm Fleiniiig,
T'E-ILER U HOOKS and STA TIOXER Y.
hankful for tfij patronage heretofore re
fed, respectfully solicits a continuance
I Jl the favors of a generous public.
"js store is between Jacobs' and Ackev
; fran's bricks, on the west side of Maiu street.
, Oregon City, October 27th, '0G. (tf
CLAEK GREENMAN "
j rT,i,, City Drariuan,
I ,;S: OR EG OX CITY.
I opA11 Vrders fWtnp delivery of merchandise,
If t; -kaaes ana freight ot whatever descrip-
I a, to any part of the city, will be executed
tromptly ad with care. " 16.6ui
DRAY FOR SALFCKEAP !
A FIRST RATE HEAVY DRAY, IX
,, x Kd order, will be sold cheap for cash
v .v'ii application to
ig- ISIaik Street,
r-'.'-vr A Xmrhj Opposite Woolen Factory.
W. L. W H1T1J, T - i
T.W. RIIOADES, f Iropnet
Oregon City, Oregon.
We invite the citizens of Oregon City, and
the traveling public, to give us a share of
their patronage. Meals can be had at all
hours, to please the rrost fastidious. f 15
Main Street, one doar north of the Woolen
Oregon City Oregon.
lVm. Barloiv, Proprietor.
The proprietor, thankful for the continued
patronage he has received, would inform the
public that he will continue Lis eflbrt to
pleast his guests. (52
( la le L LXCOLX HO I 'SF, )
Nc. 81 Front street, Portia ml Oregon.
L. P. W. QUI.MBY. PiiontiETOii,
(Lata Western Jloid.)
This house is tlie most commodious in the
State, newly furnished, and it will be the en
deavor of the proprietor to make his guests
comfortable. The Baggage Wagon will al
ways be found at the huid ng on the arrival
i t' steamships and river boat.-, carrying bag
gage to the house free cf charge. 17-Iy
Xearly Opposite the Post OQice, Main street,
OIIKc; ON CITY.
rpilE UXDKRSIGNEI), WHO II AS FOR
JL some time past endeavored to serve the
public satisfactorily in the art of shaving
and Hair. Dressing, returns his thanks for
the patronage he has received, and requests
a continuance of the same.
S2.tf) H. FRANZ.
T T IS ONLY NECESSARY TO LET THE
B public be informed that
JOHN HELM, Artist,
lias removed' to the Photographic Rooms on
Min street, lately occupied by Morrison C.
A they, wlire he is prepared to execute bet
ter work th m ever.
For Children's Pictures the best hours are
bet iv cen 'j and 12 o'clock .v. v. !). ly
KEEP CONSTANTLY OX HAND FOR SALE :
L RA X A XD CUICKEX FEED !
Parties wanting feed must farnisli
their s;icks. " 1-S.Sm
6U E G ON 0 1 T V
Paper Msiiiiif o.
Manufucture, and have constantly on
hand, a very Superior Article of
Orders will receive prompt attention.
""22.lv. J J. D. MILLER, Secretary.
JAIJE3 110RFITT & CO.,
7"0ULT) INFORM THE PUBLIC ES
V y pecially of C;vneinah, that they have
established a Store at' that place, where they
will keep on hand a well assorted stock of
Merchandise and Groceries.
which will be sold at reasonable rates, for the
purpose of establishing permanently such a
necessity at Canemah. Try us. (32:y
DAVID SMITH V.. II. MARSHALL;
SMITH h MARSHALL,
Black Smiths and Boiler Makers .
Corner of Main and Third streets,
Oregon City Oregon.
Blacksniithing in all its branches. Boiler
making and ropairiug. All work warranted
to give satisfaction. (52
COX TP A CTOR and BUlLpER,
Main street, Oregon City.
Will attend to all work in his line, con
sisting in part of Carpenter and Joiner work
framing, building, etc. Jobbing promptly
attended to. (52
IIENIIY II U JIBE IV,
Having purchased the above Brewery,
wishes to inform the public that he is 'now
prepared to manufacture a No. 1 quality of
As good as can be obtained anywhere in the
State. Orders solicited and promptly filled.
Oregon City, December 2Sth, yQ'L lOtf
Main Street, at the Telegraph Office,
Oregon City Oregon.
Kester's Ready-made Clothing,
Cigars, Tobacco, Pipes, Stationery,
Cutlery, Willow and Wooden
Ware, Yankee Xo lions,
Fancy and staple Groeeiics, Candies, Xuts,
Toys, etc. (52
L O G U S A liBHIGIIT,
A l L O S U il Ia iAlislSB 1
Corner of Fourth and Main Sis.,
Oregon City m Oregon.
rruKE THIS METHOD OF INFORMING
JL the public that they keep constantly on
hand all kinds fresh and salt re.eSis, such as
CORNED BEEF, HAMS,
PICKELED PORK, LARD,
And everything else to be found in their line
of business. ' -LOG US & ALBRIGHT.
Oregon City. April 2'jth, 1S67. 2:ly
Sunday School and Gift Books!
TROM TIIE AMERICAX TRACT SOCIE-
j Society. For sale at Messrs. Hurgren &
' ... . i? t- a. a iifMaf Sl'ilniftn
BILL HEADS PRINTED.
At the Enterprise Ofiice.
Officers and Private.
The soldiers, when I pass, present
Their arms ; I wear an epaulette ;
1 blush ; and blushing, I regret,
How little in that regiment
I've done to make those boners mine
More than the meanest in the line.
With us they march against the foe.
And we we know the reason why ;
We see preferment's tempting show
We reap the fruits of victory ;
We wear the garlands ; loud-voiced fama
Speaks of our deeds, and gilds our name.
What reck they of the why or how ?
Their country is a hard stepmother,
Who for their outpoured blood will throw
A crust of bread, a rag. Xo other
Reward is theirs. She gives no aught
For services she values na'ught.
Glory ! they know not what it means ;
And if they knew, what then ? What then?
They're but inglorious citizens ;
And history for the meaner men
Opens no page ; the mingled mass
Must to oblivion's darkness pass.
Some will return, supported by
The broken crutch of poverty;
And for the happier ones who die,
Forgetfulness the'r destiny,
Yet in the Held they faltered not,
What matters it ? they are forgot,
Honor the rank and hie : they are
Than their superiors nobler far.
Sez:ng Japan. If one wishw to boo
Japan, says a correspondent, he -mast take
a good long ride into the interior say
! thirty or fortv miles. Of course it is not
entirely safe travel alone, but provided
there are three or tour in the company, a
native guard 1 Fuperlluous. One of the
best trips for this purpose is the one to a
place called Jtiasiu-so. About a mile or
two from .Yokohama, the road enters a
beautifully cultivated country. Vast
fields of corn, wheat, rice and potatoes al
ternately pass in review' .and one can't help
remarking the almost entire freedom from
weeds in their fields. They have no fences,
but a narrow ditch divides one field from
another, and one property from another.
The soil is very prolific, giving as many
as three crops a year. lint neither their
fruits nor their vegetables have the slight
est taste, and I have seen Sowers that ex
cel in beauty anything I ever saw any
where else, perfectly devo'd of smell. A
great feature of both China and Japan is
the immense number of beggars that are
poen everywhere. Ireland is nowhere in
comparison, and if the traveler is only un
fortunate enough as to bestow alms on
one. they seem to rise up from the very
earth, and they will follow him sometimes
a mile. It is strange that there should be
so many of this class here when ve take
into consideration that lour or five tempos
(a tempo is equal to about two cents) is
sufficient to provide rice enough for a- day.
and the masses seem to live upon nothing
else. In some portions of Japan it is
against the law for the natives to beg, but
it was my misfortune to visit those places
where this law was not enforced. Around
Yokohama comparatively few are to be
seen. a3 they are not allowed upon the
foreign settlement, and besides that, labor
is in great demand both in building the
houses that, were lately destroj'ed and in
improving the settlement, by mending the
streets and building ft n'ew hatabar, or
IIvdkoitiobia ix THE IIokse. In Chica
go, lately a horse exhibited all the.symp
toms of hydrophobia, and -was killed
to relieve his sufferings. In the early part
of the day, while the animal was yet
manageable, a partial paralysis of the
hind legs, with a eovnewhat unfused foot
and drink, and towards evening became
very restless in his Btall. starting and
trembling violently at the least noise,
such as footsteps or the snorting of a
horse at a distance. He started wildly
and opened h;s mouth with a peculiar
grinning ferocity, and would rush at any
one coming near him. Ic his intense
suffering he attempted to bite everything
about him, and in his paroxysms did
not even spare his own body. There
was difficulty-" in deglutition and a fre
quent grinding of the teeth. MrT Youatt,
the famous veterinary surgeon, who has
been bitten eight or ten times by rabid
animals, relates that crystals of nitrate
of silver, rib! el into the wound, will
positively prevent hydrophobia in the
bitten. True or not it is easily tried, and
is not dangerous.
Influence of the Moon on the Weatii
t.h. Professor Marcet, cf Geneva, has
worked upon the meteorological tables
from 1S0Q to 1SG0, in the Biblioiheque de
Geneve, and h.'S given the result in tables
in the same journal. During the last
CO years (21:915 days, 721 lunar months'),
there have occurred 2,030 changes of
weather that is. from rainy to fine weath
er, or fine weather to rainy. Of these 2,
G30 changes, 93 happened at new moon,
and 90 at full Inoon ; 109 on the day
following 'the full moon; 107 on that
following the new moon. It is hence
calculated that the probability of a change
of weather occuring on the day of the
full moon is 0:121 ; at new moon. 0:14:3;
the day after new moon, 0:118. The
influence of the moon upon the number
of days of rain and the quantity of wa
ter which falls the Professor regards as
negative. With reference to the barometer
be'states that, of the 2,030 changes of
weather, the barometer, prophesied I. GOO
times correctly. This approaches nearly
to the proportion of three times out of
Robert J. Walker as a Hotel Keeper.
During the past year a large' hotel has
been built in Georgetown, D. C.f which is
about to be opened under the auspices of
no less noted a personage than Robert J.
Walker. He is to be assisted in this new
business bv a son and a son-in-law. and
their intention is to make the house the
most quiet, comfortable, and fashionable
home for families to be found in .the- Dis
trict. Fiftv vears ago. the great tavern
which stood upon the site of the present
edifice was frequented by John Randolph,
who, with his numerous servants in livery
and horses and carriages, gave the place a
celebrity which will not soon be forgotten.
To-day, an ex-Secretary is about to prove
to the'xvotld that he can keep a hotel."
Tlie Earth Worm.
Trobablv there are few boys who do
not occasionally indulge in the sport of
angling, if not for the sport at least for the
pleasure of enjoying the fruit of their ex
ertions -if successful when brought to
the table. It is well that we put in this
proviso, for " fishermans luck'' is a phrase
every boy understands. No fLh bait is so
generally used in angling as the earth
worm, and we shall endeavor to give some
information in regard to this despised, but
useful creature, which boys who often
handle it may not possess.
The earth worm belongs to the clas ;
called annelids, from the Latin ane'.las, a
small ring, because the body of the worm
appears to be composed of a series of small
rings joined together like beads on a
string. 1 he worm has also another name,
Lurabricus Terr est, is, which is simply the
Latin lor earth worm, so this apparently
insignificant creature bears a high-sounding
name. And he is worthy of it, He
is a remarkable individual, belonging to
the only class of invertebrate animals
which have red blood. This is quite a dis
tinction, one which many animals much
higher in the scale of life do not enjoy.
We have said tins is a useful animal. .We
do not refer to its value as bait for fish,
but its usefulness as a cultivator of the
soil. It does, beneath the surface, just
what the farmer does on the surface, opens
the soil to the action of air and moisture
by running galleries in every direction.
It does even more. It is a superior worker
of fertilizers, turning crude and rank ma
nure to valuable compost, fit for the sup
port of vegetable life. If not allowed to
do this in the heap, it will carry on the
work after the manure has been removed
to the field or garden. Hat this does not
exhaust the list of its useful qualifications.
It actually turns poor and grudging soil
in some cases to valuable and generous
mold. In dry times the worm is driven
by the necessities of his nature deeper into
the earth, as he cannot live in dry soils.
When he returns to the surface he brings
with him the earth he has swallowed for
he fs an earth cater, but of this presently
and voids it upon the surface. And
this which Le leaves upon the surface is cf
the very finest quality. Every one has
seen these worm castings heaped about
the mouth of their holes. Thus the man
ures added to the soil by man and the
constituents of the soil, themselves, are
thoroughly mingled by this indefatigable
cultivator, and these castings in time ac
cumulate on the surface, so that instances
have been known where several incites
of vegetable mold have been added by
this means to the surface cf a field. In
this manner the earth worm proves him
self to be one of the farmer's best friends
and assistants. Now let us see whether
he. like some of the feathered tribe, has
some bad qualities which offset his useful
ness. He certainly does not destroy liv
ing vegetation either roots, stems, or
leaves ; for even those who deny that he
is a dirt eater do not charge him With eat
ing living plants. They merely assert
that he eats dead and decaying vegeta
tion. A correspontleut in our issue of
February 9th. gave a well written descrip
tion of "what he had seen him do ; eating
decayed leaves, and minutely described
his process of feeding. The worst that
can be said of him is that he defaces our
nicely kept walks by his nocturnal de
posits of exuvia. What does the earth
worm eat 2 This is a disputed question,
but we incline to the opinion expressed
by Samuelson and Hicks in their treatise
on the ''Earth Worm and the Common
Housefly ;'' Jean Mace, in his "History of
a Mouthful of Dread ;" Appleton's Eyclo
pedia. art. Earth Worms and Annelids ;
Chambers Educational Course, art. Zo
ology, and Prof. Seeley in No. 2 current
volume Scientific American, that the earth
worm does eat dirt, as much as the Otto
macs, those South American Indians de
scribed in " Odd People" by Capt. Mayne
Koid. Most boy anglers will also agree
with these authorities that the earth worm
is a dirt eater, with the exception, per
haps, of the boy who while fishing was
asked by an acquaintance passing what he
had in his mouth, and replied: "Wums
fur bait.' A few other peculiarities of
this animal and we will release him and
our readers. The swelled protuberances
envelop ng the body of worms at some
seasons, must have been noticed by all
who have seen them. These appear like
tho results of disease or accident, but are
simply the envelopes of the ova for the re
production of the animal. The head of
the worm is de-titute of eyes aud cars. It
is furnished with a mouth alone, which
may be easily perceived bv ihe aid of a
small lens or microscope. Take a worm
on your hand and let him crawl across the.
palm and you will feel a rough sensation
on your skin. Or attempt to pull a worm
out of a hole in the earth and very likely
you will break his body iu two. Why
Simply because the worm ha3 legs, or at
least, substitutes for them. These substi
tutes are hair hooks, easily seen through
a common magnifying glass, and they are
retractile at the will of the worm. This
will explain the tenacity with which he
adheres to the walls of his home when
force is used to pull him out.
Sorgo How to Plant Ir. I notice,
says a correspondent of the liural Ameri
can, that there is considerable said about
sorghum, how to plant it, ore. I will give
you my plan for preparing the seed for
planting, which you may publish if you
see fit. Putting- what seed I wish to plant
in a vessel, 1 pour on it boiling water
enough to cover it, and let it remain
twelve hours, or until the water becomes
of the temperature of the atmosphere. I
then fill half full of dirt an old pan, (no
matter how many holes iu the bottom,)
and spreading a cloth over the dirt to
keep tiie seed from mixing with it, I pour
the seed, water and all, on the cloth. Af-
ler spreading another cloth over the seed,
I place over the top of the pan, and set
the pan at the south side of the house. If
it gets too dry, moisten by wetting the
sod. In three or four days the seed be
gins to sprout. Then I have my, ground
ready, and by the time some of it has
grown one inch long I plant, covering
with moist soil and pressing hard with the
hoe, a id in a very few days the sorghum
The Best Watermelon. Mr. J. Ti.
Coins tock writes that he has been growing
watermelons yearly for fifteen years, hav
ing during that time tried many varieties,
but that one called the " Sirawberry" he
has alwav? fonnd "best."
Tlie Ortan Milestones.
The great mystery of the sea is beheld
ia our vast ignorance of it. Boundless aa
the vastness of its waters, and as day suc
ceeds day, ushered in by no sail, crossed
by none, and none appearing at night to
reach its white hand above the horizon,
we feel the mysterious power of our com
pass, in whose veering pulse we trust ;
and the uses of the stars and sun that
steady our quadrant, and stoop down to
lea l us. Put of the ocean's boundaries,
and islets, and shallows, we do not know
till we see the captain's chart, of which
there is no copy in our school atlas. Here
on are places denoted of which we never
knew. Solitary roks struck once by a
lone vessel, and their longitude, and lati
tude carefully marked, yet in the great
void of waters swallowed up again, so
that with much cruising our imperfect
calculations never find them. The names
of the Flemish Cap, of Whale's Hole, -of
BoLMifs Bank, of Bazarlethy's Rock,. of
Woodall's Rock, of Virgin Rocks, we do
not hear. -yet in the North Atlantic they
have their places well attested : but cap
tains have sailed this ocean where they lie
a hundred voyages and never proved them
real. So broad and trackless is the deep,
that'two steamers, quitting New York to
gether, sailing the same course and at the
same rate of speed, rarely see each other
after the first night out. Their compass
differs a hair's point, and they float a hun
dred miles apart.
Here on the chart is marked Persons
Shoal (breakers), signifying that in mid
Atlantic there is a spot so shallow that
the surf breaks upon it as upon Poekaway
Par or Sandy Hook. Men are gray with
sailing on the route of Perseus Shoal, who
never heard the surges nor. saw them
flash ; lost in the great deep is an awful
sentence. The coming of a sail to those
who drift, is like finding the true catch to
Dodd's combination lock. ith its billion
changes. With ail the vessels of steam or
sail that ply between America and Eng
land, it is raye to espy more than three
between the opposite coasts, while you are
crossing the sea. - Some vaguely under
stood matters of the earth's rotundity, not
new, save to oV.r landsmen's ignorance,
become palpable, when we see upon the
chart the ocean's skeleton, water and me
ridians only, like an empty hoop-skirt.
For example : We see that the Straits of
Gibraltar, instead of facing Cuba due
westward, are nearly upon the latitude of
Cincinnati ; that London does not lie op
posite New York but opposite Labrador:
that when one is nearly half way to Eu
rope he is due south of Greenland, and
still west of the mouths of the Amazon;
that, if you are shipwrecked in mid-sea,
your nearest land will be the Azore Isl
ands, from which, indeed, you are but
50J miles on the route between New
York and Southampton. The route that
carries vou to England ouickest is not a
straight line upon the map. but a curved
one. You sail on the arc of a great
circle,"' and so reduce your voyage from
1,000 miles to 3.000. this is the" simple
proposition in navigation, that a crooked
line between two points is shorter than a
To avoid icebergs, which drift to Nan
tucket, you sometimes bear due eastward
or even southeastward, and the bend act
ually north by cast. The Gulf stream, the
Hanks and the Roaring Forties are the
great belts that you must cross : the one
is the zodiac of the ocean, spangled with
wrecks, seaweed and icebergs ; the second
is the broadest geysers of the Atlantic,
smoking eternally the veil between the
New World and the 01 1 Nature's last in
timidation to the sailor seeking the Wes
tern Hemisphere ; in the Roaring Forties
you sail where all the winds do blow,
sheltered by no coasts, subject to the
fierce and mutable humors of the great
waters and their skies. In every long
swell than swims toward you there are a
thousand tons of brine. In every guli
that flashes like a pearl in your wake
comes an admonition of loneliness. Night
descends with no friendly sail in its em
brace. The gales cap every wave with
white foam, till the sea to the horizon
looks like a shoal of sharks with quivering
fins. Morning arises upon the same drea
ry w aste, save that the clouds are stronger
"and more imperious ; no bright tints in
them, as at home, but grey and scuddiing,
like the complexion of the ocean, and
filled with its restless spirit.
Growlvg of the Caxe. M. Conard. of
West Grove. Chester county, a practical
agriculturist, who has devoted much at
tention to the grow ing of the cane, and
manufacture of sorgo syrup, give his dan
of planting aud cultivating as follows:
Select, if you have it, a sandy soil with
southern exposure. In general, good
corn land makes good cane laud sod is
preferred. Plow deep, as early as th
ground is in order. At middle of May,
pulverize, thoroughly, plant in drills
north and soutti, lour feet apart. Time
may be gained by scald'ng aud soaking
the seeds until sprouts appear ; cover
lightly ; thin out eight to twelve inches ia
a row ; when eighteen fa twenty-four
inches high cut out the suckers ; cultivate
as corn, allowing no weeds to grow. Two
quarts of prime seed will plant an acre,
which on good ground may yield 200 gal
lons of syrup and 'thirty-fire bushels of
seed. Cut when heads are cleverly turn
The Passion Flower. The annexed
interpretation cf this justly celebrated and
much admired flower will be found inter
esting : The leaves resemble the spear
that pierced our Saviour's side : the ten
drills the cords that bound his hands, or
the whips that scourged him ; ihen petals
the Apostles. Judas having betrayed,
and Peter deserted ; the pillar in the cen
tre the cross or tree ; the stamina the
hammer ; the style the nails; the inner
circles around the centre pillar the crown
of thorns ; the radiance the glory ; the
white in the flower the emblem of purity ;
and the blue, the tvpe of heaven. On one
species, the passitfora alter, even drops of
blood are seen upon the cross ot the tree.
This flower continues three days open,
and then disappears, denoting the resur
rection. A mixtere of three parts fine charcoal.
tyvo parts bone meal, and one part plaster
(gypsum), applied in quantity of about
two to four quarts to the roofs of a tree or
vine when planting, have been found to
fully repay the cost- in increased vigor and
growth during the season.
'Not ox the Pill.' A few vreeks
ago. while attending Hamlet" at the re
nowned St. , my attention was at
tracted totrard a good looking country
Jake, whose whole eyes were riveted upon
quite a lovely young lady, seated within
a couple of yards of him. While we were
looking at him, he rose from his scat, went
round to where the lady in question was
seated, and to the astonishment of all, and
the dismay of the lady, before any one
had any idea of his intentions, gave her a
hearty smack. The lad', covered with
blushes, turned to her escort for protec
tion ; he, in rather a savage way, demand
ed an explanation of such rudeness. With
his thumb inserted within his vest sleeve,
and his other hand extended, as if in ex
postulation, our hero, with a slight tinge
of shame on his handsome visage, thus ad
dressed rather a mixed crowd of excited
' Gentlemen, I don't care a darn : the
fact is, I couldn't a helped it if I'd bad tu
di the next minuit fur it. Jes' take me
out and give me a wolloping. I know 1
desarve it. Put while I sot there thinkm'
what a nice gal she wur, a del istible de
sire cum outer me to kiss that gal or bust,
and, gentlemen, as I sod before, jes' take
me out and give rue a good dubbinV for
I deserve it all. Vui,'r said lie, resuming
his seat and looking stageward, the lady
having in the meantime left, " I should
like to see the feller as kin du it.1'
At that moment the play was inter
rupted by an ear-splitting ,; horse-laugh,"
which only a thealrial audience can have
any idea of, to the chagrin of the leading
star,"' who naturally enough deemed it
incomprehensible none of the stage ac
tors knowing of any other performers but
theirs in that building at the same time.
A Modern- Petition. A gentleman,
who had been long attached to Cardinal
Mazariii, aud much esteemed by that great
minister, but little assisted in his finances
by court favor, one day told Mazarin of
his many promises and his dilatory per
formances.. The cardinal, who had a great
regard for the man and was unwilling to
lose his friendship, took his hand, and lead
ing him into his library, explained to him
the many demands made upon a person in
his station as minister, and which it would
be politic to satisfy previous to other re
quests, as they were founded on services
dene to the State. Mazarin "3 companion,
not very confident in the minister's ver
acity, replied :
" M lord, all the favor I ask at your
hands is this : that whenever we meet in
public you will do me the honor to tap
me on the shoulder in the most unreserved
This was at once acceded to. and in two
or three years the friend of the cardinal
became a wealthy man, on the credit of
the minister's attention to him.
Mazarin used to laugh, together with his
confidant, at the folly of the world, in j
granting tueir lavor to persons on sucri
The Ei-FECTs ov Tea ox the Skin. If
yon drop a few drops of strong tea upon
a piece of iron a knife blade for instance,
the tannate of iron is formed, wLhh is
black. If you mix it with .iron filings or
pulverized iron, you can make a fair nr
ticleofink. If you mix it with fresh hu
man blood, it forms with the iron of the
blood the tannate of iron. "Now w hen we
remember that the liquids which enter the
stomach are rapidly absorbed by "the veins
and absorbants of the stomach, and enter
the circulation, and are thrown out of the
system by the skin, respiration and the
kidneys, it is probable that a drink so
common as tea and so abundantly used,
will have some effect. Can it be possible
that tanin introduced with so much warm
liquor, producing perspiration, will have
no more effect upon the skin? Pock at
the tea-drinkers of Russia, tho Chinese,
and the old women of America, who have
so long continued the habit of drinking
strong teas. Are they not dark colored
and leather-skinned ? When young they
were fair complexioncd.
How PKEP can Shafts be Sink? The
quastion occurs to the miner who sinks
down a shaft for three or four hundred feet,
" how far might I descend without being
burnt out, or froze out; and which?''
The student of natural science, who adopts
the theory of internal heat, and recognizes,
as correct, the present observed rate of
increase of temperature with depth. .would
answer as follows : Water would boil at a
depth of 2.130 yards. Lead would melt at
a depth of 8.400 yards, Red heat would
obtain at the depth of seven miles. Gold
would melt at the depth of twenty-one
Decoction or Sagebrush. The Trespass
says that in some of the mills about Vir
ginia an infusion of sage juice in the amal
gamating pans has been found to hasten
the process and increase the yield. The
reason for this result is not known to
those who use the process, but it is sup
posed that the infusion tends to keep the
mercury bright and susceptible. The
same result was reported from the ue of
sage brush some months since, when the
theory was advanced that its beneficial
efi'ect'was produced by the role contained
in the desert shrub actingslmilarly to sodium-amalgam.
The Young Idea." That which thou
hast to do, do it with all thy might," said
a clergyman to his premising son one
morning after breakfast.
" So I did." said Pill, with an enthusi
astic gleam in his eye.
" Ah : what was it, darling ?" ond the
father's fingers ran through the offspring's
" Why. I wolloped Jack Edwards till he
fairly yelled. You should just have heard
him holler, dad."
The father looked unhappy, while he
explained to him that the precept did not
apply to an act like that.
Geo. B. Waldron is playing at McVick-
i crs theatre, Chicago. Mrs. Julia Dean
Havne has re-r.ppeared upon the boards
at St. Louis.
Sweet Corn. The following article ha3
been handed us, with a special request to
publish, and a guarantee as to the sound
ness of the views advanced iu it : It is a
surprising fact that sweet, corn is not
abundantly grown among farmers? Ever
farmer thinks he must raise his five or yn
acres of Indian corn every year, in order
to have something to fatten his pork, and
to furnish fodder for his stock, Arc. Now,
if every farmer would grow three or five
acres of sweet corn, his crop Would prove
of much more value in proportion to tho
number cf. acres than Indian corn for
feeding purposes. Last spring I planted
six acres of sweet corn for the purpose of ' q
taking it into market green. Put after
the market became "glutted," I concluded
to save the balance of my corn and euro
it to feed. I cut and fed to my hogs corn
(in the stalks) every day, and they would
eat stalks and all as clean as they would
green clover. Through the month of Oc
tober and until tho last of November, I
fed husked corn. I can say I never killed o .
so fat pork before. They seemed to bo
completely filled up with lard. I prefer
the sweet corn stalks to anything else iu
the shape of fodder for stock, and especi
ally for cows giving milk there is nothing
equal to it. The stalk, husks and lea9e,
are much more juicy and sweeter than any
other corn-fodder" I vPeu'd recom
mend those that sow corn for fodder, to
sow the sweet com in preference to anv
other. Be careful to trace tin your secM.
in the fall, and then you ,viil ngt fail to
have good seed when you come to plant
or sow. George W. Curtis. 0
Monroe county, X. Y. o
European Cannon. W"hi'e we in Amer
ica are engaged in nanufaciuringmuzze-
ioauing cannon, winch threw soii.l shot
and shell, before which no ship, even if
constructed of solid iron, could stand, and
of two. three, or four times the calibre of
any which European mechanics have yet - 0
been able to produce, the French and
English are endeavoring to manufacture O
guns which will make up in accuracy and
rapidity of firing what they lack in weight
of" metal. It is announced that the new O
French cannon. tle construction of which O
is supposed to be a profound secret, eGn
be 11: ed 40 or i0 times a minute. It car
ries with accuracy 2.000 yards, and a sin
gle discharge would destroy the whole
front of a battalion. It is so light that two
men can easily lift it. France shows great
partiality for breech-loading cannons, but
England is discarding them. England is
experimenting with n.'ed!e-gnns. but the
great delay of her Government in decid
ing upon a proper weapon for the army, O
while other European nations are rapidly
arming with breech-loaders, is complained
by the London newspapers.
Preserving Potatoes. A correspon
dent cf the Scientific Amc&an say3 that ho
has tried the following method of keeping
potatoes for two years with complete suc
cess, though in some instances the tubers
were diseased when taken out of the
ground: Bust over the flooPofthe bin
with lime, and put in about s;x or seven
inches deep of potatoes, and dust with
lime as bef ore. Put iu six or seven inches
of potatoes and lime as again : repeat the
operation until all are stowed away. One
bushel of lime will do for forty bushels o)
po'atoes, though more will not hurt them
the lime rattier improving the flavor
than o h n wise,"
A Novel Experiment. Let five persons
get together in a room, and one of them
lie at full length. on a table, with his hands
folded over his h roast The others imut
take a pu on, two on each side ot him.
and emU-aY' r if
forefinger of ear-
hand on! v. This wiIfo
. 1 .
seem an imposil!;II;y, but
less be accomplished, bv a
! Ihe five taking
a long inspiration together, find men.
when their lungs are fully inflated, let Jingo
out the air together, and the IV ur lifting
the other. After a little practice, euro
being had to breathe exactly together.
they win be ab!e to Hit him liisui above
their heads and let him safely down a"
Try it, readers.
Beet Sugar. Some 20.000 pounds of
beet sugar, manufactured at Chattsworth,
in Livingston county, arrived in Spring
field, Illinois lately, and will Im. sold in
competition with Southern sugars of-tho
same grade. It is a superior article of
coffee" or C sugar. Almost 100.000
pounds have been manufactured at this
point during the past season, which is but
a mere sample of what the company ex
pect to do the ccming season. There is
every reason to expect that at period by
no means distant the manufacture of thfs
staple will become one of the leading
brandies cf industry inJUilnois.
The Best Quince. The Country Gentle
man says that the best variety of the
quince is the Grange. The Angers Quince
afford.? good fruit, a little later than the
Orange. The best time for planting is au
tumn or spring the distance asunder may
be about ten or twelve feet, which will be
found near enough for full grown trees,
on a deep, rich and well treated soil. The
quince needs judicious framing by thin
ning out crooked, needless or crowded
shoots, and leaving a well distributed,
symmetrical head, on a short-single stem.
Steam Plowing in England. The Steam
Cultivation Commission appointed by the
Royal Agricultural Society, find that some
100 steam cultivators are at work on 220.
000 acres of arable land, displacing 2.500
horses. The machine eats only when
working and thus saves in that item at
least $509 a year to its employer, while
doing its work deeper and more thorough
ly and rapidly than it can be done by
Notable Request. The Greenfield Ga
zette gays a thriving young merchant of
Ohio died recently, leaving a fortune of
$40,000. which by Ihe terms of his will
goes to his affianced wife, if she remain?
single until she reaches the age of twenty
four. Th'13 young heiress has been for the
past two years an operative in the Lyman
Mills at Ilolyoke, Massachusetts, but" is at
present residing with her parents in New
Don't tell us Book Farming is good for
nothing. No man can even drive oxen.
without ihe aid of Haw-ticultnre and Gee-ology.