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OregqxuCity, Oregon :
C IRELAND, EDITOR AND rilorlHETOR.
Saturday, June 29th, 1867.
SuoT.-Sft wrcliard thief was shot at
Vancouver on Monday night. Served
tGJoxE I W are grateful to the agent of
nho'Snctz Reservation for having returned
Ihe roving stragglers which lately infested
Sii.k Factory. Tlie Pioneer Silk Fac
tory, with a capital of S2o0,000. was in
corporated in -San Francisco on last Sat
urday. The Omor.E. Savannah, Georgia, is
rov ia open communication by telegraph
with Cuba. The cable was successfully
q laid on last Tuesday. "
The Oregoxiax, It is understood that
this splendid side-wheel steamship, built
for the Portland trade, has been sold to
the North America Steamship Coninanv.
A Docble Team. The Okaiwjan and
Fannie Troupe will be lashed together, for
a Fourth of July trij between Portland
Usropuun. In the State Convention
of Michigan, assembled to amend the
Constitution, a resolution was introduced
to investigate (lie Eight-Hour law. It was
lost by a, -large majority.
Mechanics' Bale. On Thursday eve
ning a ball and supper will bo given at
'Oswego, by the mechanics of that fast
rising city. No doubt a pleasant season
will be enjeyed.
''Til eh. of -Slrratt. The evidence in the
" Sumttt trial has apparently destroyed the
chances of an acquittal by an alibi. The
testimony brought out by the Government
-proves beyond cavil that he was there,
and took a hand in the blood v work.
Lincoln Monument. The Chicago Tri
bune states that the fund for the erection of
a suitable monument to the memory of the
late. President Lincoln has now reached
a sum sufficiently largo to warrant the
Committee in commencing the work, and
it understands that they will shortly be
i prepared to receive plans and specifica
tions for such a monument from the
artists of the country at large.
Si U5EN Death.'?. Only last week Mayor
Holme3 of Portland, expired without warn
ing. A few days before, the chief editor
of the can Francisco limes died about as
suddenly. On the 20th we received intel
ligence that Commissioner Newton de
parted this life on the day previous, at
Washington. On the evening of the 2 1th,
Henry C. Watson, editor ofLhe Sacramento
union, died alter a brief illness.
'Death of Hon. O. II. Browning. The
N. Y. llerald of May 10th. contains an
account of the death of Hon. O. If. Brown
ing, Secretary of the Interior. He was
of poor parentage, and got his education
inethc intervals of farm labor. He filled
several important positions in the State
'of Illinois, nd served a short time hi
Hke U. S. Senate during the rebellion. In
I8G6 lie was appointed Secretary of the
Inferior, winch olhce he held at his death
Dci.e Good Time. Reports from New
York continue to indicate that people have
nothing much to do. On Friday last 20,
000 people turned out to a horse race over
the Fashion Course. The match was be-
tween Dc.der in harness, and Ethan Alien,
"with running mate. Ethan Allen won in
three straight heats. Time 2:13, 2:1G and
2:19, the fastest, time on record. Dcxter's
time on the second heat, 2:101.
Queer The " Presidential Party," not
the same old one exactly, are again
" swinging around the circle." They ar
rived at New York on the 21st, and the
'following queer sounding paragraph is
telegraphed to Portland : " The arrival of
the President was not made the occasion
of any special ceremonies of a reception
or a formal parade. Efforts to obtain a
speech from the President were unavail
ing." "We don't believe that, nohow.
3laybe the effort was weak.
G etting Negligent. Fremont is getting
rather negligent iu his old age. He ought
to " catch Jessie." He has negected to
pay the first annual installment of the
purchase money, due June 15th, and other
wise perform his agreements with respect
to the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, and
Governor Fletcher took it up for the State
of Missouri. The road has been placed in
the charge of Gen. Clinton B. Fisk, who
used to run a bank in a Michigan town
where we once run a newsxaper. Fisk
can run a railroad as well.
New China Steamer. The Pacific Mail
Steamship Company have just completed
the largest ship ever built in any Ameri
can shipyard for commercial purposes,
and which is intended for the China Line,
from San Francisco to China. She has
been named Great Republic. The China
line will consist of the Colorado, Great Re
public, Celestial Empire, America and
Siphon, the last two of which are yet to
be built. These fine steamers, aggrega
ting 25,000 tons, and which may be classed
among the finest in the world, tell a tale
of enterprise and power of which Ameri
cans have justly to be proud.
From Russian America. The British
Ktcamcr SparrotchaicJc, from Sitka June
I5tli, arrived at Vietoria on Monday last.
The steamer Fiddikr was lying in the har
bor of New Archangel awaiting a rush
from San Francisco on tho Orijlmnme.
Several stores have been opened hj Vic
torians, who were selling goods briskly.
The passengers by the Fvlditer were well
received hy in Russian officials and peo-
file. A number of lots bad been pre-
mpted. Governor Seymour was enter-
lained by Prince Matiskoff, the Governor;
r; ninc in th. f:imilv of the
Prince, no public demonstration took
place. Sitka contains about 500 Russians
and 800 Indians,
The weather was very
licgultiilug Wages ty i;iv".
The question of regulating men's wages
by legislation, which the S-hour law in
tended t do in Ohio, Illinois. Missouri,
and other Stales, has undergone a very
thorough and critical discussion in the
trade centers of those States, and has no
doubt resulted in good to all persons in
terested in the subject. It has been found
that the law would not work, yet. Cali
fornians (or rather unscrupulous politi
cians in California.) have divided their
strong party on the subject, in the present
canvass. It will be tried here in Oregon
next year. AVe should have no objection
to it, if fairly represented. It is palpably
plain that a thorough investigation of the
question would show that the true inter
ests of both capital and labor, of the em
ployer and employee, are mutual, one be
ing dependent upon, and not antagonistic
to, the other. Legislation, fixing the hours
of a day's labor and the amount of com
pensation therefor, is absurd ; for, as a
western paper pcrtiuently observes, "11
the legislature can add twenty-five per
cent, to one's wages, why not make it
fifty or more.'"' Or, in other words, if by
passing a law, working men can get the
me pay for eight hours labor that they
can get for ten, why not fur four? If the
enactment will enable the capitalist to pay
the same wages for eight hours work now,
that he before paid for ten. will it not also
work the same for any lesser number ?
If men wero working directly for them
selves they would think it intolerable op
pression to have their efforts restricted by
legislation ; a law having -such an object
would be resisted to the bitter end. This
is entirely natural, because the industrious
and thrifty man must see that capital is
after all but the savings of labor, and that
it is only by saving that he will be able
to advance and become independent. As
the savings of labor increase, investments
which employment expand, and thus the
demand for labor increases ; consequently
the laborer finds that the savings of labor
inuro to his own direct benefit:, and that as
there is to be more compensation to be
derived from ten hours' labor than from
eight, it is fur his benefit that he should
labor ten. To attempt to raise wages by
restricting production is absurd. Take,
for example, the two great branch.es : iron
and cotton, With the growth of these
there has been a groat reduction in the
price of these products, and at the same
time an increase in the wages of the pro
ducers. The workman gets much better
wages with cotton goods at eight or ten
cents a yard than he used to when the
manufacture wa3 new and the same goods
sold for live times the amounts mcutioned.
It is the same with all the multitudinous
branches of the iron manufacture. Re
duction in the price of production has ex
panded the demand, increased the wages
and given employment to a hundred,
whereas, in its primitive state, it employed
but one. And these remarks apply to all
sorts of industry. Yet some persons seem
to think that warring against capital,
which creates employment, is their natural
avocation. It is time that the intimute
relations existing between the two Were
Throcgii Teii An article on the Paci
fic Railway, in the Chicago Tribune, May
21st, predicts that the through trip will bo
made from Chicago to San Francisco in
1870. The Central Pacific Company have
iron enough on hand to couirete this end
of the route to the north bend of the Hum-
boldt, 225 miles east of Cisco. They have
10.000 hands at work, and expect to raise
the number to 10,000 this summer. The
Union Pacific folks have the iron to lay
down their end of the road 217 miles west
of the Crossing of the North Platte, which
reaches the base of the Black Hills 517
miles from Omaha, and 1,007 miles from
Chicago. Within a year from this date,
the Tribune thinks, trains of cars will roll
into Chicago from the Rocky Mountains.
"By September, Gov. Stanford, of the
Central, and Mr. Burant, of the Union
Pacific, will each be about 000 miles from
Salt Lake ; but Gov. Stanford will be over
the mountains, and Mr. Durant will then
have to face the real difficulties of his task.
But no part of the line between the head
of Lodge Pole Creek and Salt Lake is at
all to be compared with the Sierra Nevada
Mountains or the crossing of the Pennsyl
vania Central over the Alleghanies. If,
therefore, during the next summer, work
be commenced in the mountains east of
Salt Lake, Mr. Durant can reach the City
of the Saint's by the Fourth of Jul y, 1870
This the managers of the Union Pacific
are determined to accomplish it' it is in the
power of men and money to do it."
Alaska Minkraes. M. 1'. Berrv, of Sa
lem, Oregon, writes that in 1SG2 a party
of prospectors, who entered Russian
American from British Columbia, and on
the Stickeen River, 1500 miles from its
mouth, found gold and silver mines of
great wealth. They worked with rockers
for eight days, and realized thirteen dol
lars and a half per day in native silver, and
$1,100 in the aggregate in gold. The
silver was washed out in pieces sometimes
as large as a quarter of a dollar. They
also found rubies and agates, and on Bris
tol River, copper and coal cropping?. Mr.
Berry writes this to Secretary Seward, in
a letter dated April 9th, 1867. If his re
port can be verified it will not be a great
while until the Yankee gold and silver
miners and town builders make Alaska
more populous and flourishing than
British Columbia. On the 15th of Sep
tember, the Government takes formal pos
session. There will be a Delegate. Counc il .
Assembly, and many more positions of
lesser note to fill, and the Convention to
make the nominations is likely to be much
easier of manipulation than that at Sac
The Reciprocity Treaty. The repeal
of tho Reciprocity Treaty between the
- ijnited States and Canada, it Is reported,
caused an increased trade between
Xova Scotia and Canada. Formerly, Nova
cotia received about 300,000 barrels of
flcmr pCf annum from the United States,
and 6,000 to 7.000 from Canada. Now
- .the receipts are reversed and about 7 000
barrels are taken from the United States
and 300,000 from Canada. The repeal J
of this treaty has had a paralyzing etlect
ot this treaty has had a paralyzing etlect
upon nearly all branches of trade between
the Lniled States and Canada.
A human skeleton was found in the j
brush near Salem recently. Its condition !
indicated that it has not been a very long ;
time since the unknown was living.
On Thursday Mr. C. P. Ferry of Port
land received 100 ounces of beautiful gold
from Lemhi. The first receipts.
Thomas Mountain is preparing a schoon
ner at Astoria in grand style, for the pur
pose of accommodating parties desirous of
making a trip over the Columbia bar on a
The Ore-jordan says the revenue cutter
JQ L:ine has brought up a corps of en
gineers who have decided to locate more
guns at Fort Stevens, and Fort Hancock
at Cape Disappointment. They have also
decided to locate another fort 2.3 miles
this side of Astoria, for which object they
on Monday, last made the necessary sur
veys. Mr. Woodbury, of Salem, after a
thorough experiment, declares that the
coal discovered by Frank Cooper is of the
first quality, fully equal to the famous
Blossburg coal, and the only coal he had
ewr seen equal to it. lie vCry emphati
cally added, " That's as good a coal as
any man ever struck in America.'' lie
has made arrangements for a supply of it
for his own use. The coal also cokes
well, which will make it valuable to gas
The Record says the P. T. Co., have
withdrawn the steamers Echo and Active
from the upper Willamette, as the river is
now too low to allow them to reach Eu
gene. The Enterprise is still running to
llarrisburg, and there is produce enough
moving to keep two boats at work. The
Reliance makes her regular semi-weekly
trips. The neWdry-doek, within the ba
sin, is nearly finished, and the Eho will
probably bo hauled up for repairs on it
the present week. All tlu: boats will be
put in thorough order.
- Fourtit qT July Cehbrutiou.
A match game of Base Ball will be
played between the Clackamas Base Ball
Club of this city and the Pioneer Base
Ball Club of Portland at 10 o'clock a. m.,
on the grounds of the Club in this city. At
the conclusion of the match the admirers
of the game are invited to participate in a
Basket Pic nic, to be hold at or near the
grounds of the Clackamas Base Ball Club.
Small Profits.- 'The New York papers
say that it is one of the remarkable
signs of the times in the world of trade
that even on Broadway a number of
large retail business Louses have lately
adopted the principal of small profits,
expecting, of course large sales. This
idea has been almost entirely expelled
from Broadway for some years past.
Enormous profits have been demanded
upon everything that ladles or gentle
men may want to buy, and it seems to
have been considered better to clear five
dollars on one sale than six dollars on
two sales. An incalculable amount of
trade has inconsequence been driven cut
of Broadway that might easily have been
Odd Fellow's Election. At the regu
lar meeting of Oregon Lodge No. 3. 1. O.
O. F. of Oregon, held in this city on last
Wednesday eveing. the following gentlc
menwere chosen to fill the various positions
iu Lodge work for the ensuing term :
C. O. T. Williams, N. G.; A.J. Ap-pei-son
V. G.: F. Chapman li. S.; F. Char
man T. The installation will take place
on Wednesday evening next, under the
direction of Grand Warden J. M. Bacon
Esq. Mr. Bacon will also leave for Van
couver and the Dalles one week from to
morrow, for the purpose of installing new
o'licers at those daces.
Nlv Organizations. A New Base
Ball Club has been organized in this city
adopting the name and costume of the
Scotch Highlanders. Mr. T. J. Spooner
has been chosen President. Mr. D. ('.
Hutch Vice President Mr. J. W. Helm
Secretary, and Mr. II. T. Daly Treasurer.
A third club, composed of juvenile mem
bers of male society, has also been or
ganized, under the name of Tumwater
13. B. C'
Dt'MAS. The notoriety lately gained by
this celebrated personage in his intimacy
with Adah-Isaacs -Menken, seems to be
highly sensational. He is reported having
commenced suit against the Artist why
has published his " position'' to the world.
Probably the dusky old fellow only
thought at first to enjoy a little private
flirtation with the fascinating Adah. That
was not her purpose, however.
Meddled. California politics arc very
badly muddled. The GoTliani-McCarthy
clique succeeded in making nominations
for the Republicans. But one Union paper
in San Francisco, (the Fknj, McCarthy edi
tor.) supports the ticket. The consequence
will be a victory for the Democrats, un
less the factious partizans-cau agree upon
terms for a consolidation.
A Canard. The rumor that this con
cern had busted, and that its Proprietor
was about to sail for San Francisco, or
some other sea port, it is hardly necessary
for us to say was wholly the result of a
stress upon the immagination of some pe
culiar genius who has no business of his
own to attend to.
Personal. Capt. Grandall of the Qre
ijordan aruived here from Salem at noon
yesterday. He is en route to Portland,
where he will fill the chair for Bro. Scott,
who is to take a run into the shady pre
cincts of Washington county. There is
something pleasant in an Editor finding
time to enjoy himself, although it docs not
l'rcquen t ly hap p en.
Qul'K Work. Yesterday the steamer
Active was taken from the ways at the P.
T. Company's dry dock, iu this city, and
the steamer Echo placed in position for re
pairs, in the short space ot Zl minutes.
The operation was witnessed by about two
Vacation. The City Seminary closed
at noon -yesterday for the summer vaca
tion. The average attendance in all de
partments, for the past term has been 130
daily. Due notice of the time of com
mencement for the next term will be given
through this paper.
Anniversary. Four years ago yester
day the People's Transportation Company
took this route. " What have they done
for Oregon V is a question repeatedly
asked. We should say more for Oregon
than for themselves individually. Look
at their operations and ask yourself if it is
Thanks. We are very thankful to fas
ter Leonard Charman for a bountiful sup
ply of fine cherries, presented on Thurs-
i day. Leonard is very youthful, but he is
suro in make his mark' in the world. II-
j has made the right beginning.
We take the following telegraphic news
from dispatches to the On-'jonlan.
The Ajax sails for Portland to day.
The President has be-n informed of the
arrival of Santa Anna in Mexico.
The Democrats of Vermont have nomi
nated J. L. Edwards for Governor.
Gov. Flanders, of La., in a recent speecb
denounced the conscription proposition.
Stanberry's opinion as carried out will
probably intimidate the Radicals in Lou
isiana. The Panama Railroad declares a quar
terly dividend of six per cent., payable
There are- rumors of more opposition.
Some talk of the Nicaragua steamships
running to Panama.
The next billiard match for the cham
pionship of America will be between Dion
and E. Nelrns, of Philadelphia.
Gen. D. B. Hays was nominated for
Governor by the Ohio Union State Con
vention. A Charleston Grand Jury has returned
a batch of indictments against persons for
The Tribune's special says Walrussia
will be attached to the military jurisdic
tion of Gen. Rosseau.
Since the opinion of Attorney General
Stanberry has been promulgated, the
rebel spirit of the South has gained re
Maximilian is reported to bo iu better
health and more hopeful. This is a pretty
good sign that he was not shot.
It is said that the impeachment testi
mony is all arranged to be submitted to
the House at the July session without any
The Democrats have nominated Jacob
S. Gallow.iv for member of Congress from
the Third Kentucky District, to fill the va
cancy caused" by the suicide of Elijah Ilise.
The Surveyor General of Dakotah has
transmitted for approval, a contract for the
survey of the public lands along Red river
to the north, adjoining the Pembina set
tlement. The Secretary of the Treasury will
forth with propose instructions regarding
the trade and revenue of Walrussia. At
present all regulations are subject to the
approval of Russia.
The East India Telegraph Company arc
now sending out materials for a submarine
fine between liong Kong and Mutngliae.
A contract has already been made in Eng
land for the manufacture of the cable.
Sheridan telegraphs to Gen. Grant de
clining to extend the time of registration
of voters of Louisiana in. compliance with
the President's conditional instructions, on
the ground that the registration has been
completed, and he did not jfeel like keep
ing up expensive boards to suit new issues.
Capt. Ichabald Newton reports having
once passed over the spot claimed as the
location of a new island discovered on the
route of the whale ships from Honolulu.
The island is thought to be of recent
A correspondent at San Luis Polosl,
writes that there is urgent rfeed of some
one at the seat of government to represent
the American interests and to restore the
prestige of the United States, which is con
siderably damaged by thj Sherman &
A Ju'v session of Congress is a foregone
conclusion. The Republican Executive
Committee are sending circulars to every
Radical member that Congress will as
semble on the first Wednesday of July.
Chief Justice Chase has decided that
parties in the South owing debts in the
North who paid the amounts to the Con
federate receivers, were not thereby dis
charged of their obligations.
Reports from many portions of the South
state th.it it is feared tu tt the continued
heavy rains will seriously injure the wheat
and cotton crops. There have been heavy
freshets in the rivers and the low lands
are again overflowed in many places.
There is official authority for stating
that Seward enclosed iu his letter to
Juarez, copies of dispatches from Queen
Victoria and Napoleon to the President,
asking the United Slates to use its influence
with Juarez to preserve the life of Maxi
miiiiirt. The Fivsidoiii has jssuea aprociamr
announcing the ratification oi the luissnm
Anieriean treaty, an-! iil exchange of
ratifications have been graiu'-'d vpon writ
ten and personal applications of tt:un?rous
prominent individuals, including GoP-
Grant and prominent army officers ; also,
several Senators an ! 'Representatives.
AN. O. dispatch of the 2Lt savs Gen.
Sheridan issued an order to-day removing
from ofiiee Deputy Sheritf John Whitmore
and Constable L.H. Wright? of Jefferson,
Texas, for refusing to execute a warrant
legally issued for the arrest of a man who
committed an atrocious murder. The
military authorities have ordered the ar
rest of" the murderer.
During the war the rebel legislature of
Texas ordered a sweeping confiscation of
all property belonging to loyal men. Over
sixty thousand dollars worth of property
was seized in this manner and sold, and
the rebel records do not show the names
of the purchasers, and immense sums were
abstracted by State receivers. Oliver
Cromwell's confiscations in Ireland did
not equal this in extent, and Gen. Griffin
hud been ordered to probe this huge
spoliation to the bottom.
BY ATLANTIC CARLE.
The Emperor Alexander has issued a
decree suspending confiscation in Poland.
The condition of the French harvests is
Admiral Pezzeremchia left Constanti
nople on the 10th for Crete with two iron
clads, iwo steamers, and 8,000 troops.
The Austrian Government has granted
an amnesty to all political offenders, in
Advices from the continent say that the
feeling now prevalent at Paris and Berlin
is that the relations existing between the
Emperor Napoleon and King of Prussia
are not cordial.
A mysterious disease is reported to have
alarmingly increased the deaths in Ireland,
and there was some alarm ami consulta
tion among surgical men iu England on
A dispatch from Constantinople asserts
that the Sultan has acceded to the propo
sition of European powers for a joint com
mission to inquire into the grievances and
demands of the people of Candia.
Startling intelligence has been received,
from Home. Hie Dispatch reports that
200 men had thrown themselves into the
city, as it was supposed, with the intention
of proclaiming a republic, but the desper
ate attempt failed, and forty of the revo
lutionists are row in prison.
The Emperor's Government has decided
to make a considerable reduction iu the
military forces of the Empire. The present
session of the Corps Legislatif, which has
accomplished a large amount of business,
is approaching a close and an adjourn
ment is not far distant.
A dispatch from Constantinople gives a
report that the "Sublime Porte has refused
its consent tb the request of the great
powers preferred through a collective di
plomatic note that hostilities be suspended
in Candia. and that inquiries be made into
tiie alleged grievances of the Christians by
a commission appointed collectively by
the great powers and the Porte. The
Turkish Government professes to have re
ceived information from Omar Pacha that
j hones soon to sub 1 ue V o (X n" '
rv in -fi? aJelh r "nr
j The balun
Poperv led to the great disturbances here
wit hin the f&t few days. There has been
great excitement here, which looked at
one time as if ii would lead to very seri
ous consequences. There were at least
100.000 people on the streets. The mob
held the city and sacked several houses,
after which they inarched through the
streets .singing 'Glory Hallelujah, John
Brown and other choruses. The Riot Act
was read and troops ordered to the city
front Manchester, but were ordered not to
fire upon the people. The police used
their cutlasses and several persons were
wounded but none killed. The excite
ment has somewhat lulled, and it is thought
that the disturbances are ended. Murphy
has persisted every night iu making long
and offensive speeches against the Roman
Catholic Church and ridiculing its rites.
Some attempts were made to renew the
disorder, but they were put down, and
comparative quiet now prevails.
Treaty with the Nez Pekces Indians.
The Oregonian learns that a Council was
held at Lapwai on the 17 th inst , at v. lick
Governor Ballard of Idaho Territory, with
Agents O'Neil and Hough, Dr. Newell.
Major Truax and other persons met the
chief 2ez Perces Indians and portions
of the tribe, numbering 500 or (JOO in all.
The object of the Council was to announce
to the Indians the ratification by the
Senate of the treaty which was entered
into with ihelr tribe ki 18G3. and to
fully explain to them its provisions and
requirements. The Indians signified that
they were satisfied with the treaty. A
large and valuable tract of land is re
served for them to which they are to
remove within one year. The tribe is
allowed to select a head chief and two
subordinate, chiefs, who are each to receive
five hundred dollars a year and have a
house built and furnished and ten acres
of ground ploughed. The Government
agrees to expend $302,500 in removing
the Indians to the Reservation, building
school houses, mills, shops, dwellings, etc..
and in purchasing tools and implements
for the general purpose of husbandry.
These expenditures are to be exclusive
of the regular annuities which the treaty
provides for. We hope, both for the good
of the Indians and the Government, that
these stipulations will be fully complied
wii.ii iu good faith. Bad men in o;Iice
brought about the Indian War in 1802.
in Minnesota, and to the same kind of
influence may be traced all subsequent
V itat ilAKUAR ? The following para
graph appears in a late New York letter.
The arrest last week of William Whit
ney and Col. William Farrar, lias given a
sensasion in commercial and fashionable
circles, where these ger.ilomen are well
known. The first is the grandson and heir
of the late Stephen Whitney, the million
aire ; Col. Farrar is commander of the ikdh
Regiment, N. G. The prisoners have re
cently been associated under the firm
name of Whitney Sc Farrar, and have trans
acted a storage and commission business
in Pearl street. On Tuesday last both
partners -were arrested under warrants
from the hands of City Judge Russell, on
complaint of citizens, charging that they
had uttered spurious receipts for goods
not m their possession, on whieu receipts
persons lrw iradulently obtained
. The offense under the statute is
which may be punished by im
prisonment in the Penitentiary. Another,
charge has been preferred, of obtaining
goods under false pretenses. The accused
were held to bail on these charge,.;, and
Mrs. Whitney gave the requisite bond.
for her sou, who was .thereupon released.
Col. Farrar still remaining in custody .
On Friday Mr. Whitney was again arrested
on a civil suit growing out of the same
transactions, and no bail appearing, he
and his partner were borne to the Ludlow
street jail, where both gentlemen await
the action of the courts.
Evil Tim;:s. Some alarm U expressed
by the newspapers of New York because
the mid. lie classes are leaving the city,
and seeking residences in the suburban
villages, leaving only the rich in their pal
aces and the poor and desperate in their
noisome dens. The excessive rents now
demanded in the city tend to drive out
those of moderate iu comes. They have
o choice but to seek residences outside.
or to rent topr-tJier atter tne style oi tne
poorest, ii i f1,e risk of health, respectability,
and" even "virw'fl Jf lhis I!'('Cess
the contriv. is nuiw .oi j.ov
urvand miserv, in the metro po-
lis, will become still more nu-'iO'U tnan ab
present. This prospect is omit-or.. 01"
agrarian- mobs and bread riots, and the"
various dangers that attend the collection
of masses of degraded and inferior men.
marked than in
The Sechet Leatixej). Our St. Paul
Correspondent, under date of May 17th.
informs us that two German citizens of
that place, who formerly served in tho
Prussian army, have been experimenting
lor several months on the explosive cart-
idges used in the needle guns of Prus
sia. 1 ney nave at last succeeded in discov
ering the secret, and have made soin;
which work exactly right. The fortunate
gentlemen arc Messrs. Peter Purch and
Jacob Schnitzius. They have no doubt
of their perfect success. If so. ihev will
be able t. sell their secret to the Gov
ernment for a large sum. The French
government has offered a princely for
tune to any one who would discover the-
Explax.vtiox. Last week we raised to
the bead of this paper the names of Hon.
Schuyler Colfax for President, and Senator
Geo. II. Williams for Vice President. For
want of space they do not appear this week,
and may not 111 iuturc for some months,
yet those arc " our men." To nominate a
ticket is easy enough to elect it more
difficult. If Oregon is to go Republican
next Juno every man who claims to be
long to the party must adhere to his priu
ciples exclusive of personal jealousies. In
no other way is it certain that we will not
be badly beaten in this State.
The American Safeguard. We find the
above work, by Mr. Isaac Cox. upon our
table, with the compliments of P. Uentoa,
Esq.. canvassing agent. We have not at
present time to write a review of the work,
but from reviews already given .by capa
ble writers, and from what we have seen
iu the book, we can say that it is a very
useful, and instructive volume. All should
have a copy, and teachers should use it in
schools. ATcPherson & Co., printers
Snvder & Co., binders.
Expansion 01? Rails. The American
Artisan estimates that the accumulated
expansion "of the rails 'in a line of rail
road five hundred miles long would
amount, at the highest summer tempera
ture, to nearly one-fourth of a mile as
compared with the same rails during the
coldest weather of winter.
Correction. We were in error last
week in stating that Mr. John Nestor was
contractor for the building of the new
church at Astoria. Mr. J. II. Barrett has
Don't be leu Astray. But lake
Kohn Si Fishtl as a guide. Co to their store,
No. 01 Front street, Portland, (former! v oc
cupied by Weil Bros.,) and purchase vour
good and fine clothing, dry goods, etc.," and
if yen are not satisfied with vour bargains
you can have your money returned at any
MARRIED. At the residence of the bride's
father in this city, on the 25th inst., by
Rev. J. W. Sclhvood, Mr. L. Vickeks and
Miss Hellex M. Sh.vttcck.
At the resideme of the bride's father, near
Milwankie, on the 2Mb inst., by Ross der
rick, Esq., Mr. M. Oatfield and Miss Mi
One door south from the corner of Fit aud
Morrison streets, near the Western,
Wm. T. Shanahan,
IMPORTER. AND DEALER IN"
ill US 1 CA L INST 12 U ME NTS,
FINE EN aii A VINOS,
THE FINEST AND -LARGEST STOCK
of Engravings, Cromos. Plain and col
ored Lithographs, etc., ever before cilered
in this market, just recei.-ed and for sale at
GKSATLY EEBTfCED PRICES !
Vleies of Columbia River Scenery !
Constantly on hand.
ACEXT FOK BKADKLRl's CELEBRATED
nEas3d Scale Pisiass I
Which have given universal satisfaction,
and which he guarantees to sell at San Fran
X?$" Special attention given to framing
Photograph Engravings, etc.
tf Mr. Hhuaaluia, formerly of A. Koh
lcr's e.-tabli.-loneiit, Han Francisco, will at
tend to tuning and ropiiirii'o' Pianos, Melo-
kuiu.s 01 -uusi!
Pianos tor Rent.
S f t- t 41, tig
ila willed!;. CZj
New York Manufacturers of
Eoll Metal Patent AgraSb
Grand Scale Pianofortes f
MiE UNDERSIGNED WOULD RES-
pect fully announce to lus old patrons
and the public generally, that he will keep
constantly on Land a irood assortment of the
above class Pianos, which he filers whole
sale and retail at New York prices.
A CENT FOR STEIXWAY & SONS
Celebrated Pianofortes !
A. E Til CMPS ON'S
Patent Swell and Voice Tuemelo
X. Pianos and Org tins Ciirefutlv tuned
and 1 epaiml. II. SINS1IE1MEU,
"?. ly")" lil Front st. I'crdand, Oregon.
:ail r o it
nPHROUCII to San EEANCISCO IN SIX
X days, Carrying the U. S. Mail and W.
F. & CcT.'s Express.
IT. V. CORLIETT & Co, Pcopks.
By this route passengers avoid tlie risk of
Ocean travel. Passing through Oregon City,
Salem, Albnv, Corvallis, Oakland, Win
chester, Kosebui g, Canyonville, J acksonvilie
and in Calilornit
: 1 rei;a, iviuny tcu.tr,
.Vaar.ia, Chico, Oroville,
ilarvsville to Sacramento. Connecting with
the dai ly stages to all mining towns in north
ern Cilifomia and southern Oregon; alo
with the Iiuilroad from OroviUe to Sacra
mento ; Also connecting with tho Central
Pacific Railroad to the Atlantic States.
Stages stop over night at Jacksonville and
Yreka, for passengers to rest. Passengers
will be permitted to lay over at any point,
and rest' me their scats at pleasure, at any
time within one month, upon notifying the
A'rent at the otiice where they lav over.
jtTiiic to S cm uitr ttt
Sinc-es !e:'.ve the Portland otiice (Arrigo
m's itoteii d: I at 0 V;f,k.
3ir, m') iVUlfLHOUS'-, Agent.
CHARMAN A IJUt?.. Oregon City Agents.
AND PAPER HANGING
No. IIS Front street, Portland,
BIZ a LEAVE TO IXFOUai TIIK
public that they keep an extensive stock
F LO O R A N D T A B LE
WINDOW SHADES, DAMASKS
CORNICES AND BANDS,
. And all goods in the
CARPET & UPHOLSTERY LINE !
We Impart our Goods Elrcct from the
K;is, ami sell sit Sau Francisco
US Front street, neaily opposite Vaughn's
Wharf, Portland, Oregon. (;J,.
llotice to Leonard A. Cummings.
7ICIIA11D DUG II vs. LEONARD A.
j CUMillNGrf. Contest for laud m T. 1
N. Ii. 5 E. Notice to Leonard A. Curannn
Richard Ough having applied at this oliTco
to enter asa pre-emption right, the lot 4 of
sec, 21, the N. W. quarter of sec. and the
E. half of N. E. quarter of sec. 29, in T. 1 N.
R. 5 E., alleging that you have abandoned
said land, and iillng proof in support of such
allegation ; on are, therefore, hereby no
tified that you will bo allowed until the 80th
day of July, 1SC7, to appear at this office aud
establish your right to said tract of land,
otherwise said proof of abandonment will
be taken as Vrue, aud your entry thereof re
ported for cancelation.
OWEN WADE, Register.
HENRY WARRKN, Receiver.
Land Oiiice, Oregon City. Oregon, dun ; 21,
. Aew Advertisement v
0EEG0N LEATHER - 1
1EE &EST OH THE
Hfcl Manufacturer (1fO
PMFSO cm r
That he is prepared to furnish a3 ood-
durable an article of Leather a , J"",- I
on the Pacific Coast, at the following ratf
Harness Leather, per lb 23 to So c..rV
l.xtra heavy, for Concord .33
Deltiog, in the side . .S to Z
' Cut, per scpiare fout, L ;n
Side, upper, ig tvSoCe-'
Grain Leather " " " 13 to 22 J'
Light liutf; or Grain for Wo-
men's work. .
. . 18 to 20
..' ) toft.,
. -10 00 to
. 3 5') io 4
. I ! to j
Calfskins, per ddz
Kip " "
Dndle. per side
Collar, per side
Lace Leather, per side.
. tiJUO to
lT" I do net01iink that Harness- U.V
should necessarily be made in Santa Cruz
order to stand the test of omr climate; 'M
Nor do I think that-Belting, iu or,',,"-
to bear the sfraiu of Oregon Machiuei-v,j;,u
be made in the Atlantic States.
ALL I ASK IS A c
JL ri, i -5- C Ji z, 11
And I will prove, to the satisfaction of ij
concerned, that Oregon Leather is the k-;
ou 1 lie Coast.
JT" All orders will meet with proat at
q Mihvaukie, Oren
O (9 J
AND WAGON MATERIALS ;
O v I
"VITAS NOW ON HAND and TO ARUIV.
a M the finest stock ever imported i;.;
coast. Being selected under his per.-.!--'
supervision he can warrant it to ueof...
best, and would call the attention of JouLrj
and wagon makers to his assortmvu of
ASH, AND HICKORY.
PL N K
II UBS, SPOKES, FELLO ES
AXLES, POLES, BENT
Shaft i, Bon's, Single trees, Phw
Beams and Handles, cC'c.
Orders for the above, also for Boxes, 'II. :
bles, Skeins, Iron and bteel, prom;.:!
ROUEKT Ii. LAW,
Commission Merchant, i33 First :-
Corner of'ine, I'ortlan.l, Orem. ,
Consignments solicited. . j
FARMERS OF OREGON! '
LOOKOUT FOR THE
LIGHTEST BSAFT IH&PEP.
IN THE UNITED STATES.
rriHE UNDERSIGNED A TIE NOWSM N
I nfacturinir, and l:ae placed in ma! r.. i
for the coining harvest, titty of theub -named
lleapers, which they "will cheap, a--
warrant" to0 give
Tlian any Other Reaper ever
BROUGHT TO TIIE PACIFIGGvOAST'.
For sale by the
OiiKGCKV IllON WORKS,
CG.tn Portland, Orei
SWISS gTOM&CH BITTiKS j
The best Purifier of the Blood! "
A Pleasant Tonic !
A very Agreeable Drink ! O
Unsurpassed for acting snrel.v l i
cjentlv on the secretions of tho i'
neys, bowels, stomach and liver.
For sale at all wholesale and retail li'H-r,
drug, and grocery stores.
SOBODY SHOULD BE WITHOUT Ti'
J. Q. Fniscn, Proprietor.
Taylor & Bexdel. Sola Agent.
Ci.ly) 412 Clay St., SanFrancisM-
A. . BRADFORD 1
TJS REMOVED THE JJAiaS.CE :
ii his stock of
Wines and Liquors.
No. 40 First Street, lorlaiil, OvP'
?ctly in the en? his former F1-,
5ss. Parties ia want of Extra f
Wines aud Brandies, will do well toca..
Lmpty Pipes and Barrels tor raa. v
P OH Y SALOOS.
Main street, Oregon
.1 ,w.,.th at trie 1 -
JAMES JIAX.Vi Fro,.'-
This popular saloon is w;Y-,-.I'l;i
with the very best quality of iutfi
Li.niors, Ale, 'Portgr, Beer am""'
and Tobacco. Give me a call. .fi-'.
I ?'. -3.it i