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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 23, 1867)
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l)c tDtcklf' Enterprise.
Oregon City, Oregon :
V. V. IRELAND, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
Saturday, February 23, 1867.
Central R. It.
S In another column the Prospectus of the
Oregon Central Railroad will be found?
It will thus be seen that the railroad flag
is flutrg' to the breeze in the valley o)Ore
gon. AVc cannot yet say that the Oregon
Centralailroad is an accomplished fact,
and the completion the road a mere
matter of time, and short time at that, but
O )w do say that we feel strengthened and
encouraged to further efforts in behalf of
this measure. Let the subscriptions be
liberal and the work wilr doubtless be
commenced ere long. Let the people
along the line show the same interest by
thir actions that they hare expressed
privately and publicly, and the enterprise
thus auspiciously commenced will have a
ppeedy and glorious success.
Itwill require both money, and shrewd,
close, financiering to complete such a
work in this State, at the present day, but
the incorporators are known as the
most enterprising and reliable men that
could possibly be grouped together, and
der their management there can be
no doubt that rapid progress wll be made
in this great connecting link between the
resources of our State and population.
The auspicious commencement of the en
terprise affords the best indication of the
prospects of the bark which had jusl been
launched upon the waters. We present
Qielow several extracts, to show the spirit
of the Oregon press upon this all import
ant subject :
It is not expected that (the people of
Oregon are to build the railroad alone.
If its construction's-commenced within
O the next two years, it will be owing to the
investment of capital from California and
the East in theQnterprise. To secure this
we conceive it to be the duty of every
journalist in Oregon to aid to the extent
of his influence and ability, in placing the
subject fairly bfore the public. But
there are duties for others to perform, as
well as those that devolve upon the jour
nalist. Oregon capitalists, and business
men, mistake hold of the matter in earn
est. Every an of ordinary business ca
pacities, if he knows anything about the
constructioiPof railroads, cannot but be
satisfied that the scheme of connecting
Oregon and California by railway com
munication is practicable, and that when
4be road is completed it will pay. Let the
moneyed men of Oregon subscribe one
inillicVn dollars as an initial step towards
the construction of the railroad, and capi
talists from the East and from California
will be inspired with con.Odenceia the en
terprise, and invest their money in its
stock. We repeat what we have before
said, railroads cannot be built on paper.
A homely adage says, " the owner of the
ox must take him by the horns.'' The ox
is ours, and we cannot expect to induce
others to grapple him, by glowing descrip
tions f the .fine points of the animal. We
must take the lead, and by a harmonious
and unitedjjffort start the ball in motion.
The people' are anxious to see the work
commenced, and no ''ten or twenty years'
will expire before the road will be com
pleted whether ihi men who now hold
the strings of the purse in Oregon engage
iu ?t or not. Its practicability and im
portance are too patent to be overlooked
or made a plaything of much longer. The
last legislature made a blunder when they
inserted the provision in the act to secure
the interest on one million of dollars, to
encourage the work by requiring twenty
miles of the road to be built within two
years. The time given istoo short, but it
is believed that the next legislature will
extend the time if the work is commenced.
Indeed, there is no doubt but the people
in every county west of the Cascades
would so instruct their representatives.
Some of the incorporators have had
considerable experience in building rail
roads, and having built all the railroad
yet put down north of California, in their
lianas the enterprise will be conducted
safely, to ultimate success. And although
we may not see the iron horse careering
through the valley for some time yet, Ave
regard it no longer as a matter of 'doubt,
but merely a question 6f time. Oregon is
rich in all the elements necessary to con
struct and maintain a railroad. The great
weight of the freighting business in the
State courses up and down the valley,
while as to travel, it is well known that no
population in the world does as much
traveling a the people on this coast. We
certainly think a well appointed railroad,
w economically managed, would prove good
property. It was said by W. S. Ladd,
Esq., and Semitor Corbett, in their speeches
before the Legislature, that they believed
a railroad from Portland to Salem would
at the present time pay seven per cent,
interest on the investment. If that is so,
and we have every reason to believe the
statement, because these two gentlemen
have been investigating the matter for
several years, the road wjDuld pay a great
deal more than seven per cent, when fin
ished, because in addition to the natural
increase of the county, it is well known
that railroads in themselves increase the
business of any county enormously in any
instance from five hundred to one thou
sanrtjper cent. Let us have the railroad,
and the money it will bring into the coun
try will ghus good times again, build up
au tne towns into cities, establish new
ones and open up new farms in every di
rection. It is saiii that the difficulty of
obtyininsr (railroad iron is going to be a
serious obstacle. If this is so, why not
erect suitable iron works at Oswego, which
would probably bo on the line of the road,
to make railroad iron. This would save
q the immense freight charges in transport
ing iron from New York or Liverpool.
Not only this, but it would develop our
vast beds of iron ore, keep millions of dol
lars in Oregon, and then draw in millions
more rom California, for railroad iron
which we might make for the railroads in
that State, and for the North Pacific and
other trans-continental roads. We throw
this out as a suggestion, and hope practical
iron-workers may take the subject up and
investigate it. Salem Iievkic.
The incorporators are in earnest in the
matter, and their inllueuco is a sufficient
guarantee that the road will be built, pro
vided they receive the hearty co-operation
f the people along the route. We might
fill our entire paper with statistics in
proof of the advantages of this roa or of
railroads in general." but we think it not
necessary, at present. F.vcrv farmer, mer
chant and tradesman is directly interested
irvine road. It will enhance the value of
real estate, increase the population of our
lortile valleys, and place our products in
lair competition with California in East
ern and ioreigryuarkets. It will bring the
tu.i I ranci;' market to our doors. )ur
wheat, cattle, sheep, hogs, poultry, etc.,
can be landed in that city in about the
same time that it now takes to go to Port
land. In a short time, an opportunity will
be afforded, so that every friend of the
enterprise may say " how much'- he is in
terested in the same. Don't be afraid to
agitate the matter. Nothing will be lost
by it. The question . is often asked, " On
which side of the river will it be built ?"
We have good authority lor saying that it
will depend entirely upon the people. The
cost on either side will be about the same,
so that the road will be built upon the
route where the largest donations and
grants of lands are obtained. Citizens of
Benton county, are you alive to your in
terests ? Now is the time to act. Delays
are dangerous. If you desire the road on
this side of the river, now is the time to
work for it. Corvattis Gazette.
Among the Incorporators are the names
of some of the most reliable and foremost
men of Oresron. The names nf tho in
corporators are a sufficient guarantee that
Awiacmey uo win be clone in good faith,
and for the best interests nf iho pntpmriao
they have taken in hand to accomplish.
ne. u-usi tne capitalists ot tne Willamette
Valley will bestOW unon tho nrrcnnspd
railroad that attention which its import
ance merits, uur beautiful valley will
never be fully developed until it shall
have at least one railroad running through
it, until tne iron horse can be seen career
ing from the mouth of the Willamette to
the southern border of O retvnn Tl -n-ill l.i
seen that the Hon. F. A. Chenoweth is au
thorized to canvass Linn and Benton
counties in behalf of the railroad. We
hope that he may be kindly received,
wherever he may go. and that all who
can, consistently with other obligations,
will put their shoulders to the wheel and
help it along. We shall advert to this sub
ject again. It is one that enlists our Avarm-
est svmnathies one in wl lU'h l fil n
deep interest and we here and now pledge
ourselftodo all we can to project and
carry forward the nronosed I'Oad tn n. sup.
cessful completion. Albany Democrat.
All we have to sav is. "-pntlpmpri mi
may proceed, you have our most cordial
consent to push forward this railroad to
final success. We shall feel ovntified nnrl
happy. We want a railroad. River navi
gation is not reliable, and no country
nowadays can amount to anvthinsr while
transportation is effected by struggling
through the mud. The process is tno
slow and the wear and tear is too great.
We want the improved method of loco
motion common to civilization ; and if we
have anything rich lands, heavv forests,
water powers, mineral beds, etc., etc., that
any set 01 men want to such degree as to
advance the monev to build us ;i. milrnnrl
for it, we are ready to make the same over
to them ; and feel that we would be gain
ers even if Ave crave larrelv more th in flir
road cost to eret it. for we would Iim.vp th
benefit of the road and also the advantage
of havinar these elements armlifd. V.,uipip
Tue Age in Which We Live. As an
evidence of the progressive spirit of the
age, last Sunday we were here in Oregon
perusing accounts of the Fenian invasion
in Ireland of Friday before, and the op
erator at Valentia (Ireland.) stated that
the wirewcre down, and the dispatches
sent had been received by mail from Kil
larney. We could almost hear the hoofs
of the post horses as they came dashing
into Valentia with the news which appears
to have caused considerable excitement,
but which does not amount to anything.
Then again, only better : in Wednesday's
Oregonian we read a dispatch dated Point
de Galla, Ceylon, Feb. ICth, announcing
the arrival at Hong Kong, China, of the
steamship Colorado, on the 31st of Janu
ary. Think of that, reader Ceylon, in
80 degrees east longitude, only three days
distant from Portland, in 122 30' west,
reckoning each way from Groenwich, En
gland ! Think, that this is 22 h degrees
more than half way round the world, reck
oning by degrees ! Then, calculate the
circuitous route the message must pursue,
by way of the Indian, Mediterranean and
Transatlantic telegraph to New Found
land, thence to New York, thence to San
Francisco, and lastly to Portland ! The
distance can be very little if any less than
18,000 miles, or at the rate of 6,000 miles
per day. Verily, space is annihilated.
The In-come Tax. The statement that
the Committee on Ways and Means has
decided to raise the exemption made by
the Income Tax law, from SCOO to $1,000,
will be received with general satisfaction.
Of all the onerous taxes they have borne,
the people are most disgusted with the in
come tax, the practical operation of which
is annoying and unjust. The publication
of the assessment lists in various cities, has
shown that in many cases those most able
to bear the burdens of the State have es
caped very easily, and frequently alto
gether, while men who have hardly earned
enough to support their familes during the
year, are assessed to the extreme limit of
the law. Everywhere, those who are will
ing to commit perjury to save their pock
ets, find their profit in doing so, and the
public sentiment is demoralized by their
success. Men are taxed upon their integ
rity, as much as upon their property.
Upon the Pacific coast an additional
grievance was added last year, by the
practice of reducing the gross income to a
greenback valuation, and then deducting
the six hundred dollars therefrom. Thus
the amount allowed for living expenses
has been reduced to about S loO a small
'gain to the Government, but an important
difference to many poor men who are thus
brought under the operation of the law.
The popular wish is that the income tax
be abolished totally, or exacted only on
large incomes, as soon as possible ; but, in
the meantime, the modification proposed
by the committee will be held as a move
in the right direction.
Moke Protection Waited. The New
York newspapers are very savage in their
discussion of the proposed changes of ihe
tariff the protectionists being led by the
Evening Post, and the free traders by the
It Avould have looked better if the Ore
gonian had said that the Tribune Avas ex
posing some of the fallacies of the Free
Traders, and contending for a tariff that
would protect American interests against
Cox. What line in the Hymn books
Avill apply to the controversial articles of
the daily papers of Portland just noAV ?
"V by Hark from the tombs,-' of course.
The Portland papers this week have done
" right smart pulling" for the Ajax.
Ths steamer Fideliter took 70 tons of pro
duce on Sunday lor Victoria.
Tin, coal and copper, have been discovered
near Tillameok Bay.
The city of Portland has appropriated
000 for a steam fire engine for company No.
4 Bully lor Four's.
An eagle was lately killed in Benton
county Avhich measured seven inches from
tip to tip of Avings.
The ladies of Crescent City got -up a
grand festival, for the benefit of the school,
to have come off on the 22d.
Probably within the course of three months
the Oregon City paper mill will commence
the manufacture of printing paper.
The Unionist says the Willamette Woolen
Manufacturing Company, contemplate erect
ing a large brick factory building in Salem
the coming summer.
The Steamship Montana arrived on Wed
nesday evening. The Ajax left on Wednes
day. The Continental will be dne on Mon
day. The Montana sails to-day.
The steamer Continental, of Mercer Girls
notoriety, left San Francisco for Portland on
Thursday, in the Oregon and Mexico S. S.
line, in place of the Orijkimme. ,
The revenue cutter Lincoln spent last Sun
day in this river, in front of Portland. She
is one of Uncle Sam's trimmest crafts, and
has a very urbane commander.
The long looked for Jdsie- McXear has aiv
rhred at Portland f rom Puget Sound. She
will take the place of the steamer New World,
and vice versa,
A rumor has been floating about town,
with what foundation Ave have been unable
to learn, that Mr. F. S. Holland, lato Clerk
of this county, died in San Francisco last
Aveek says the Mountaineer.
Parties at Astoria, have chartered ihe
G-rant to run bewteen Portland and Astoria to
carry passengers from one port to the other
free, and freights at reduced prices ; Avay
passengers to be charged the usual rates.
The Press of Jacksonville says the late
storm played sad havoc with the "farms along
Bear Creek, some of them being almost to
tally ruined. Sam. Colver has scarcely land
enough left to hold a mortgage.
Mr. M. Ilanley has commenced a ditch, from
Walker Creek, to Jackuon Creek, he says he
Avauts some clear Avater to Avash away the
gravel deposited on his laud by the latter
The bridge on Canyon Creek, near Can
yonville, AA-as SAvept aAvay by the lite flood ;
but the enterprising people of that energetic
town turned out and replaced it in a'day.
The span is sixty feet.
The" 14th Infantry Band, so noted in this
State for the excellent music which they dis
course, have returned to Oregon. They
furnished the music for the firemen's ball at
Vancouver, last eveuiug the 22d inst.
The new steamship Oregonian is reported
sold or in process of sale to the California
Steam Navigation Company, who are to put
her on the route to Oregon. We have heard
of this several times.
While going on board the steamer J. II.
Couch vX Portland, on last Friday morning a
young man, Adams of Astoria, fell through a
gap in the P. T. Company's wharf, breaking
one rib. Mr. Gray, Deputy Collector, also
fell through but without injury.
Jesse C. Henderson, of McMinvi'.le, recent
ly butchered a lot of hogs, fourteen of which
Avere fifteen months old, and averaged 200
pounds; eight, eighteen mouths oldaverag
ed SOu pounds, and one, two years and a half
old, weighed (550 pounds.
The Walla Walla Statesman, which, four
years ago " cussed a heap" about " another
Sacramento" on the Columbia Umatilla
City now says : " We are not jealous no
more " That's right, Brother ; dry up your
Steamers will sometime next Aveek begin
agaiu daily trips between Portland and the
Dalles. Business in that quarter seems
brightening, and from this time forward fair
freights and passenger lists Avill be the order
of the day.
The Press thinks Jackson county akead of
any other in the State in regard to horse
flesh. Mr. James Dawson, Avho resides on
Bear creek, has a Vermont horse, about
seventeen hands high, beautifully clean
limbed, and altogether a model of equine
symmetry and strength.
The Herald says : one of our leading mer
chants, now in San Francisco, Las filled a
large order for an old Oregonian, doing bus
iness in Montana, who feels certain that the
time has come Avhen Montana will be com
pelled to look to this State for supplies of
The Idaho and Montana, if not bought or
subsidized by the other lines running to
Portland and Mazatlan, Avill be competitors
for mail contracts in case the bill now before
Congress passes that body authorizing' a
subsidy of $100,000 per annum for a line of
steamers to run monthly between San Fran-
cisco and Honolulu.
The .Sentinel learns that a true bill of in
dictment for murder in the first degree, Avas
found against Fitzhugh and Hannan. One
day Avas given fur the defendants to plead.
It was thought that a change of venue would
be asked for, Avhich, if granted, Avill prob
bly be to Jackson or Josephine counties.
These are two of the Douglas county rioters.
The new propeller Idaho, just arrived,
having large freight capacity and greater
speed, is to take the place of her consort, the
Montana, and run to Porland. The Montana,
alter being overhauled, is to be placed on
the Mexican line to run to Mazatlan and
Guaymas, in opposition to the California,
Oregon and Mexican Company's steamers.
The Sacramento Bee, a paper which ought
to know better, has an article on the late
flood at Walla Walla, Avhich it credits to the
" Waila Walla (Oregon) Statesman." The
same article Avas published in the San Fran
cisco Times under the head of " Disastrous
Freshet at Portland." Really, our Califor
nia friends Avould do Avell to mead -their
knoAvledge of geograpy.
Mr. J. H. Douthit, of Linn county, pat
entee of a new gang plow, has one of them
now at the Oregon Iron Works in this citv
says the Oregonian. Negotiations are in
progress between the company and Mr.
Douthit for the manufacture of these plows
at the Oregon Iron Works. A trial of it on
ihe farm of Mr. Coffin, on Thursday, Avas
Col. Dow, of the Umatilla Press is rath
er wroth because the Indians of Umatilla
county are not to be soon removed. He is
right. It matters little where the Indian
lives, if he has enough to eat and drink, but
it is a matter of the greatest importance that
these valuable lands, in the heart of a coun
try not over-blessed Avith soil suitable to
tillage, should be barred from the white
Three or more crim. con. cases will be
tried at the present session of the Circuit
Court for Multnomah county. In other res
pects Portland is progressive, the Oregonian
of Tuesday says : We yest erday noticed pos
ters around town, announcing that the 22d
Avill be celebrated in Portlaud by a grand
cock tight and badger baiting. The tone of
polished society is about to take an octave
step towards the acme of refiuemenf." Who
shall say that Portland is not making pro
On the last trip of the Fllditer to Victoria
her tiller rope broke Avhile crossing on the
Bar, and to get at it to fit the extra one, a
lot cf apples had to be removed. Captain
.L,rskine oraerea taeni tnrown overboard,
and in a very few minutes the damage was
repaired anil the danger averted. A testi
monial Avas presented the Captain by the
passengers, who felt that Avere it not for his
exertions their lives might have been lost.
The Oregon iei n- says it is understood that
the people of Tualatin Plains are agitating
the project of building a road from that part
of the country to the City of Portland. As
we baA-e it, they propose" a joint stock com
pany of sufficient capital to construct a ma
cadamized road wherever rock can be pro
cured conveniently, and to lay plank else
Avhere. It A-ould be greatly to the advantage
of the Plains as well as of Portland to have
such a road, and as it Avould of course be a
toll road, stock in it would doubtless be good
The Sentinel savs Jackson county pays a
phvsician the nice little sum of 6 1200, in
gold coin, per year, to keep a hospital for
the benefit of its sick and afflicted poor. The
cases that go there are few and far betAveen.
When, however, an unfortunate seeks that
retreat, from necessity, the County court,
taking compassion on the 1200 gold coin
sinecure, generously makes an appropriation
to send the invalid out of the State.
A letter from Yaquina Bay to the Corval
lis Gazette give the annexed intelligence:
" The actual discovery of coal on the Yaquina
Bay is now beyond a doubt. Specimens can
be seen atjWinant & Go's store, Oysterville,
The croppings were found about one-half
mile below that place on the north side of
the Bay by John Black, H. C. Neute and the
Avriter." Some excavation showed a well de
fined bed of coal and slate (mixed) lying
horizontal and between sandstone forma
tions." The Oregonian of Saturday morning says :
" Our friend andfelloAV citizen, Geo. Knaggs,
Esq., purser of the O. S. N. Co.'s Cascades
and Dalles boats, arrived in tnis city last
night. George seems to have increased his
fleshly system a good deal since Ave last saw
him. Some person has given him a came
pin representing two horses rampant. As
this is intended, no doubt, as a pun upon his
name Ave expected to find him Jiorse-tile, but
were equally surprised to learn that he Avas
pleased thereat. He reports everything
quiet on the upper Columbia, Avith fine pros
pects for the spring trade."
The Mountaineer says : With the opening
of spring Ave may expect a large immigra
tion to Southeastern Oregon. Advices from
California give assurance that Ave may calcu
late upon a rush from that State. The re
cent success of the troops and Indian scouts
in Idaho and Oregon, and the disastrous de
feat of the Indians, will cause a large num
ber of men to explore those sections and
seek new fields of mining enterprise. There
is no doubt as to the existence of a rich
mining region in Eastern Oregon, and with
the coming season Ave may expect to have
that country thoroughly prospected and
know the extent of its richness.
The Walla Walla Statesman, speaking of
the O. S. K. Co.'s railroad around the Dalles,
says : All praise is due to the energy of the
Company Av ho built a road over so devious a
course ; Avho have never met Avith a single
accident either upon it, or upon their steam
boats, and aa'Iio present to the Avorldfhe most
successful record in this regard of any com
pany ever organized on the continent, al
though it is universally conceded that the
" upper river" presents more serious ob
stacles to navigation than any river known
Avhere so extensive a trade is carried on.
Five years of almost daily travel and thou
sands of persons passing to and fro on their
boats and railroads annually, and Aret not a
single life lost by explosions or mismanage
ment of their boats or cars. Any one in
terested in the prosperity of the country Avho
takes these facts into consideration, who
looks upon their extensive works, built upon
and through a region which only a few years
ago Avas a barren wild, and thinks of the
hundreds of thousands of dollars they have
expended, cannot but cheerfully congratu
late them upon the success that has reward
ed their efforts, and Avish them a full contin
uation of the same in future.
St, Thomas Lslaxd. In answer to the
inquiry Avhere is St. Thomas Island ? the
following from the Alta will explain :
The West Indies are a string of islands
GOO miles long, extending from the south
ern point of Florida to the Oronoco.
About 1.000 miles from Florida, and
thirty-eight miles east of Porto Pico, in
latitude 18 north, lies St. Thomas, an
islet twelve miles long and three wide,
with a rugged surface and a poor soil.
The population is fourteen thousand, of
which all save one thousand are collected
in the main seaport Charlotte-Amelia.
The harbor of this place is excellent, and
its situation is very favorable for com
merce ; so the town has become a centre
of traffic for ocean steamers, of which a
number touch there, including those ply
ing from Southampton and St. Nazaire to
AspinAvall. The island is, therefore, a
valuable possession for a great maritime
nation, but it is worth very little to an in
significant poAver like Denmark.
As stated last week, it has probably be
come part of the U. S. Government, and
Avill be important as a military station.
We presume it aa'UI be treated as a Terri
tory, and permitted to send a delegate to
Congress, with no probability that it Avill
CA'er become a State.
Navoleox ox Mexico. By a Paris dis
patch to the 15th, Ave learn that Napoleon
in his speech before the Corps Legislatif
Serious events have happened in Europe,
almost fulfilling the great Napoleon's idea
of uniting all the great nations, Avhich is
the only Avay of maintaining the balance
of power in Europe, The German-Italian
events cannot disturb F pane.' T stnrI
aloof and happened to be the eanse nf
peace. France is just. In other parts of
wave, ueeu oougeato employ
force to redress grievances, and have en-
utvivuieu xo raise an ancient empire.
Happy results Avere at first nhiiiinmi Tt.
guiding idea of the Mexican pthoIiih
was to elevate and regenerate the people,
implant ideas of order and progress in
their minds, open a vast outlet for our com-
imieo aim leave tne recognition of the
services to civilization. Snr-h
sire and yours, but soon the extent of our
SMtoi mces appeared to exceed the interests
which called us across the ocean, and I
spontaneously determined to recall the
army, that the Government of the United
States might comprehend that Ave Avant to
conciliate the embittered relations. The
welfare of both countries demands that
Ave should remain friendly.7'
The Emperor then proceeded to say
that the great poAvers ought to act in ccn
cert to satisfy the Christians and to pro
tect the rights of the Porte in the presen t
The Trexiic-i.ai Slit. The grounds on
which the United States bases its demnnd
in the Chancery Court of Great Britain for
tne restoration of cotton held by Tren-
nonu, a razor fc Co., rebel agents in Lon
don, are in effect that our confiscation
laAvs apply to all from the country and
that by the laws of nations rebels can
not transfer other propertv belonino- in
the legitimate sovereign, and that even if
sucu power ot transfer existed, a complete
suppression of the rebellion and the an
nulling by the rebel States of all their
pretended contracts, restores to the United
totates as the onlv To?sihl m- e n
. A vnin.l J1 ill I
property m dispute.
TlIE Pific Mail CoTIihelclfic Mail
Company, which commenced less than
twenty years ago with a paid-up capital
of $200,000 and two small sr,
cwns a fleet of nearly thirty steamships, all
paid for, and is said to Lave divided over
ten millions of dollars in profits to the
shareholders. All the other companies
hayenot only declared lar-e dividends
but have been continually adding to their
lines of steamers from their net profits
Papers at Cixb Hates. Mr. J. 31 Ba
con is prepared to forward additions io
his club subscriptions to the various mag
azines, pictorials, and Eastern
Orders left at the County Suffice
will be attend to promptly. -
We take the folloAving telegraphic news
from dispatches to the Morning Oregonian.
Dates to February 19tli.
Washington Hunt, Ex-Governor of N.
Y., died on the 1st.
The first snow in New Orleans for fifteen
years, fell on the 4th ult.
Another drifting snow storm preA-ails at
Chicago, and throughout the west.
The friends of the Colorado Bill areecon
fident that it will pass over the veto.
The Senate joint resolution relating to
Ocean Mail service between San Francisco
and Portland, Oregon was passed.
Henderson has introduced a resolution,
providing for a survey of the Idaho and
The Senate has passed a bill appropria
ting $750,000 for assay offices at Portland,
Boise City, and Helena. Cheerful.
The President has signed the bill for
ocean mail service betAveen Portland and
The government has turned Surratt over
to the civil authorities. He arrived on the
18th, at Washington.
The Fenians are sanguine of the success
of the movement in Ireland. Johnny F.s
girations look farcical.
Flour in New York is rather more act
ive but remains unchanged. Wheat heavy
and nominally at tAvelve cents lower.
The remaining portion of Table Rock
at Niagara fell on the 12th. Fortunately
no one Avas on it at the time.
The contest in the house on Stevens'
military reconstruction bill Avas one of the
severest of the session.
Humors are again current about Cabinet
changes, to the effect that Randall will go
out and Horace Greeley wi 11 come in.
The pending tariff bill is designed to go
into operation immediately. The Presi
dent will veto the bill and the veto will be
The French have fully evacuated the
city of Mexico. Maximilian remains. Avear
ing the Mexican uniform and guarded by
10,000 Imperial Mexican troops.
The Northern Pacific Railroad plan has
failed for the present. The committee to
Avhom it was referred declined to act a
The river and harbor appropriation bill
appropriates twenty-five thousand dollars
for examination and survey of tho works
on the Pacific Coast.
The Commissioner of the General Land
Office has transmitted to Oregon City 91
patents for the old settlements, covering
35,733 acres for delivery to claimants.
WentAvorth's resolution for the investi
gation ot alleged seere-t negotiations be
tAveen members of the House and the
President, Avill develop some rich inci
Conness introduced a bill authorizing
the Postmaster General to invite proposal's
for a monthly mail service between San
Francisco and Honolulu. No bid exceed
ing $100,000 to be considered.
The ship Aqilla of San Francisco, from
Greenock for NeAV York, Avas abandoned
at sea on the l'Jth ult., having lost all her
.spars and boats, and being in a leaky con
dition. All hands were rescued.
The N. Y. Herald says Fred Seward and
Admiral Porter Avere robbed, on their re
cent secret mission, and did not purchase
'; the island of St. Domingo." Rather lu
cid but doubtful.
A Washington special reports that the
President has promised to accept the mil
itary bill Avith Mr. Blaine's amendment as
a compromise on the reconstruction ques
tion, but with the modification that it shall
demand impartial suffrage from the South
in the place of universal suffrage.
Rumors are gaining ground daily that
the President in his message to the For
tieth Congress will shift his ground suffi
ciently to enable him to recommend suf
frage on a basis of intelligence, irrespec
tive of color, in conjunction Avith some
neAV reconstruction programme.
The Davis amendment to the constitution
provides that each State, on the first Mon
day of January next, 1868. shall nominate
one citizen for the office of President. In
November both houses of congress shall
meet, and proceed to elect from the candi
dates, dropping the loAvest at each ballot.
The bill Avas ordered printed.
Cable news says the cause of the Fenian
outbreak is buried in obscurity. John
Bright denounces in strong terms"the plan
of reform prepared by Derby, and urges
continued agitation by the masses. A
weekly telegraph express line is noAV
opened to Terutz, in the Port of Pekin,
China. By this line the time of transmit
ting messages from London to Terutz Avill
be reduced to thirteen days. By the ar
rival of the mail steamer from Rio Janeiro,
neAvs has been received that the Brazilian
fleet bombarded Corupate. The result is
not stated. The whole fleet subsequently
sailed for Ilumatia. Breadstuff's firm. The
Manchester market is dull and depressed.
Cheeky. After the repeated failures of
this State to be heard in the halls of Con
gress, and the millions that have been ex
pended for California and Nevada, Ave
think it rather modest for the Sutro Tunnel
Company to send their blank memorials
to Oregon, for signatures to be presented
to Congress asking aid toward the com
pletion of the Avork of tunneling and drain
ing the Comstock ledge. The citizens of
yiegon could not subserve their interests
ma better way than to remonstrate against
this proposition, and thus assert their own
The Reason Why. Says nn old friend
of "NezV'the other day: "I wonder
why he was not so energetic in behalf of
Oregon before?" alluding to the fact that
rtituents more and better than any Sme
previous during his term. In our opin on
his acts prove that he had set his heart
upon a re-election-and for fear of S
uig some p ortion of the State if he did an v
inngforthe balance, he let it al drift
down the current alone.
The Latest Idaho Governor. The
Idaho Statesman announces that John Mu
rat 3urphy of Idaho, has been appointed
Governor of that Territory. Mr. Murphy
on Crf -f the kind, v?s
Portl nS TUt a C0Uple of win m
of S county, and was Auditor
ot that county for. two years.
Gratuitous Subscrir r
on our list nearly 100 gratuitous names.
e Will fllfwfllllrr U H ,
i V ?y""j rtuuw tins tax upon us
and furnish public reading, rooms with
the paper if the same will keep it properly
on filf tlm- if ,, r 1 j7
it, llltlv ue-uumpusn some rood.
".am papers are de
stroyed, they will be discontinued.
The Manufacture of Linseed Oii An
extensive establishment for the manufac
ture of linseed and other nils r-.in
eie., win commence operations near San '
, l,,.! ll.t-U,
x iuiicisco next week. The Times, de
scribes the extent and imnnrtn
, . ST MtiVV VI lilt?
enterprise. In this, as in all thin ,i
California is a but little ahead of Oregon. '
We, the undersigned, Incorporators of the
" Oregon Central Railroad Company," here
by appoint J. Gaston, of Salem, Oregon,
Secretary of the Board of Incorporators, and
authorize and designate turn, as one oi iuo
. . . c it -L
incorporators or saia vompany, iu picnic
and open the Stock Books of said Company,
under ihe following rules and regulations :
1st. The shares of the capital stock in said
Company shall be subscribed for at their
par value in gold coin or its equivalent in
2d. The Board of Directors may levy as
sessments as often as once in every sixty
days, but not more than ten per cent, shall
be levied in such period.
3d. Shares may be subscribed and paid for
AA-ith "claimed" or improved lands, rating
them at a fair cash valuation.
ith. All persons Avho paid money or prop
erty in aid cf "Parry's Railroad Survey,"
ma'de in lsiji, shall be entitled to have the
same credited to the amount of ten per cent,
upon anr subscription of one or more shares,
provided they furnish satisfactory evidence
to the Board of Directors of payment inlaid
5th. The Board of Directors shall have the
right to reject any subscription or subscrip
tions, for fraud, o"r any other matter bearing
upon the interests' of the Company.
Cth. Neither the Poard of Incorporators or
Board of Directors, shall ever have any right
or power to sell or dispose of the corporate
franchise of this Company Avithout a three
fourths' vote of all the stock subscribed, in
favor of such sale; but this proviso shall not
be construed to prevent the Board of Di
rectors from raising money to construct the
Company's road by a mortgage of its lands
or other real estate, railroad or equipment ;
and in all questions upon which the Board of
Directors may not unanimously agree, any.
stockholder may appeal to the decision of a
majority of the stock, Avhich decision shall
7th. As soon as the Capital Stock, or one
half thereof, of said Company shall have been
subscribed, the said Secretary is hereby di
rected to cull a meeting of the stockholders,
in pursuance of the General Incorporation
Law, for the election of a Board of Di
rectors. 8th. The above Articles arc hereby made a
part of the contract of subscription between
the stockholders and said Company.
The said Secretary shall open an office for
the transaction of the Company's business,
and proceed to the Avork of canvassing for
subscriptions of stock in the counties and
towns along the route of the road ; the Hon.
F, A. Chenoweth heing authorized to can
Arass Linn and Benton counties.
R. It. Thompson.
S. G. Reed,
J. C. Aixsworto,
M. M. Mela i.v,
Geo. Jj. Woods,
F. A. Chexoweth,
Edward R. Gearv,
J. II. Mitchell,
11. V Corkett,
By his px'y W.S.Ladd,
T. 11. Cox,
It is -not proposed to discuss the impor
tance of this railroad enterprise to the peo
ple of the State, or to urge the importance of
aiding it at this time. It has been A-ery ful
ly explained heretofore by ulhcial documents
and the public pre-is, and what lias not been
already said, and is deemed necessary to be
said, will be urged on the attention "of the
public at another time.
It may be stated now that the enterprise
has gained such strength and received such
assurances of encouragement from practical
railroad men and capitalists, that this pres
ent effort wiil certainly be crowned with
success. A little patience and perseverance,
m addition to what aid the farmers and bus
iness men of Oregon will be able to give it,
is all that is necessary to put the road
through to the head of the Willamette val
ley. From the fact that the railroad com
panies of California have engaged all -the
shipping for a longtime ahead, for the trans
portation of railroad iron. (ships being will
ing to carry only a small quautity as ballast),
it will be necessary to secure au extension
of time from Congress, for the construction
of the first section. Arrangements have
beeu made with our delegation ru Congress
to secure not only this extension of time, but
also a confirmation of the land grant to this
company, in pursuance of the action of tho
legislature. Negotiations are now pending
between the Company and railroad "Capital
ists in the East, aud as soon as positive as
surances that they will invest their money
iu the securities of this company, or furni&h
the iron and funds to put it through, (which
are daily expected) subscriptions" of stock
Avill be solicited, so that vvbat is done will
not be fruitjess effort, or time and money
thrown away, Tho names of the Incorpora
tors above are a sufficient guarantee that
Avhatcver is done will be done in good faith,
aud for the best interests of the enterprise,
and that it will be persevenngiy pushed fox
ward to final success. J. GASTON.
Rkcoxstkictiox. There are four recon
struction bills before the House. The bill
of the reconstruction committee is to es
tablish military governments in all the
Southern States. Mr. Kassons' bill is sub
stantially the same. It proposes to gov
ern the South through the applications of
the articles of Avar, but not before it is
necessary. Mr. Banks' bill proposes to
appoint three commissioners to arrange a
civil government with intelligence as the
basis of suffrage. The New Orleans riot
committee bill proposes establishing a
provisional government in Louisiana and
universal suffrage. The debate in the
House develops four classes of opinions in
relation to the state of the South, viz :
That it is in a state of Avar f that it is in a
state of siege ; that it is conquered terri-.
tory ; that they are conquered States in a
federal, but not political state. The es
tablishment of military law is thought in
consistent Avith the latter opinion. The
House refused by 25 majority to sec
ond the previous question on Stevens'
military reconstruction bill. The disposi
tion is to load it down with amendments
and thus secure its defwt. The Blaine
amendment provides for the admission of
Representatives to Congress from any
State which adopts the Constitutional
Amendment and conforms to the Constitu
tion and laws. The extreme radical Sena
tors oppose the amendment. It is thought
the bill Avill pass without it, but it the
Amendment should prevail the House will
Still Keep up Their Lick. The Anchor
Line still continue in their repugnance to
the monopolists. The latest advertisement
in the Portland papers is headed thus,
notwithstanding' the many rumors of a
combination of interests :
Anchor Line. Opposition to the mon
opoly's steamship Ajax. The steamship
Ajax is in no ways connected Avith the
Anchor Line. The monopolists cannot
buy it. No more monopoly, high freights
and passage. Remember this, and patron
ize the Anchor Line, and thus servo vour
best interests. "
Cocoons at a Discount. LV a late dis
covery in France it is demonstrated that
silk may be produced of as good quality
and much more cheaply, directly from tlu'
moms imdticolus (or mulberry) than by
the old process of the cocoonerv. The
iiiies of the valley,5' Avhether iho in
worm spins or the cotton plbolb."
Prospectus of tlic Oregon
Ko llroatl Company.
On the l.th insf at the house of T v
ReynoklGin thisVity, by liev. I. D. Driv
Mr. J. M. Stewart of Marion county
Miss Merilla Isham, of Oregon City. a
On the 17th insf,,
Our thanks are due to the bride for a boun
tiful supply 0f cake. Mav
ous and happy life attend them.
On the 20th inst., in St. Helen, at theresi
dence of the bride's father, by Justice Franci
Peny, Mr. It. Sole and Miss Jennie Cobb
Congregational Church Mornih
serA-ices at 10 1-2 a. m. Evening services at
7 p. m. P. S. Knight, Pastor.
31. K. Church. Morning services at'
10 1-2 a. m. Evening services at 7 p. . j
D. Driver, PastorQ
St. Paul's Eplseopal Church, the Rev
J. W. SellAA-ood, pastor. Services on Sim
day at 10 1-2 a. m . and 7 P. m. Sunday
school at 2 p. m.
Church of the Sacred lit ai t of Jrs,Ig
(Catholic.) Pev. Odillon VunderGrecn
Pastor. Services on Sunday at 10 1-2 a. u
and at 4 p. m. Sunday school at 3 p. '
. Removed. After occupying the old Bank
ExehangeObuildg for two years, and mak
ing a business point of it, Barman Brothers
haA'e removed their mammoth stock of cloth
ing and gent's furnishinsgoods to Vaughn's
fine brick, corner of Front and Morrison sts.k
Portland. Remember this. They intend u
supply every man and boy in Oregon, with a
suit during the coming sean.
Business iu Portland. Travelers to
Portland, at liJst glance Avould say the city
is aA cry dull oner business. But if other
trades are dull, it isQ positive fact that that
of Kohn A: Fishel is daly increasing through
their honest and diligent attentions. One of
the firm has just gone to San Francisco for
the purpose of" selecting a (Superior stock of
clothing and everything for gents' Avear from
their large Avhofesale store there. All who
favor them vRh patronage may rely upoir
getting better bargains than can be had any
At Home Again.The numerous pat
rons of the Premium Artist of Oregon, Mr.
Joseph Buchtel, will be pleased to learn tha
Buchtel & Cardwell's Photograph Gallery, so
long and favorably known, 8D First street.
Portland has again passed into the hands of
Mr. Buchtel, who noAV Proprretor aud Op-
erator. He has recently returned from San
Francisco, Avith all the latest styles known to
the art, and hencS is prepared to give the
utmost satisfaction. When at Portland n
gardless.of the weather call upon Buchtel,
ai ms oiasiana. n4o
The ISfst ltcmwly i;r Purifying th;
Blood, Strengthening the Xerves, Restcri&g
the Lost Appetite, is FRESE'S HAMBURG
TEA. It is the best preservative against al
most any sickneif used timely. Composed
of herbs only it can be given safely to infants.
Full directions in French, Spanish, aud Ger
man, Avith every package. TRY IT !
For.sale at all the ' 'wuolesale and retail
drug stores and groceries. c (31
EMIL FRESE, Wholesale Druggist,
Sol Agent, 410 Clay street, San Francisco.
The People's F"i ieil. Perry Davis
Vegetable Pain Killer possesses virtue which
not alone removes pain instantly, but regu
lates the stomach, gives strength, tone and
vigor to the system. It is one of the medi-.
cines that is Avorth more than gold. Dou't
experiment in testing new remedies, Avhen
you canCimy the genuine Pain KilJcr, which
everybody knows to be good.
Marriage mid Celiby, an(gssay of
Warning and Instruction for Young Meu.
Also, Diseases and Abustl)which prostrate
the A ital powers, Avith sure means of relief.
Sent free of charge in sealed letter envelopes
Address: Dr. J. SK1LL1N IrOCGHTON.
31) Howard Association, Philadelphia, Pa.
JEWELLING HOUSE TO RENT!
In Oregon City. Terms reasonable.
lH.tf Apply to JOS J). LOCET.
KEEP CONSTANTLY OX HAND FOR SALE :
BRAN A ND CHICKEN FEED t
13?" Parties Q-anting feed must furnish
their sacks. flS.3m
To the People of Clackamas, Mullno
rnan, Yamhill ad Washington Countic:
The people of the above named counties
are requested to meet at the Court House in
Oregon City, March 19tli,
at 7 o'cIock P. M., for the purpose of orga
iz.i.io.n --igi leiuiurai cocietr. q
By or der of WM. ELLIOTT,
I ice President Clackamas Co. Ag. Soc'y.
MEUSSQGRFFER & BR0
Ma n. ifact u revs a. nd Im porters of,
And Wholesaland IUtad Dealers int '
H YTS, CAPS,
AND HATTER'S MATERIALS,
Xo. 72 Front street, Portland) Oregon.
Are receiving, in addition to their extensive
stock, by every steamer, all the latest styles
of New orkv)London and Parisian taste," for
gentlemen's and children's wear, which they
Avill sell cheaper thau any other house ou
the Pacific coast.
P- S. Hats of every style and description
made to-order, also neatly repaired. 13y
Chartered A. JL. 1S65.
Eld L. L Rowland, A. P., of Bethany Col
lege President, and Professor of the
Classics, Belles-Lett and Ethics.
Dr. X. Ht nsox, A. M., of New York City
University, Professor of Mathematics
and Natural Science.
Assisted hj an alle corps of Professors ad
rpilE AIM OF THIS INSTITUTION IS
i thoroughness, and logical, mental disci
p.ine ; realizing that the ohvious want of our.
schools, no less than the true object of tho
real Educationist, is critical training and
thorough intellectual and moral development
A Normal Department, organized upon the
most approved models, with particular ref
erence to qualifying scholars as teachers, is
in successful operation.
Tuition. Collegiate Department, ?1100:
Academic 9 00 : Higher English 00 :
trench, Spanish and Hebrew, tach $4 00:
Instrumental Music $12 00 use ot Piano f 3.
Ihe frustees of the College and the Chris
tian Brotherhood, are resolved to make this
institution second to none in the State in the
promotion of the true interests of education,
aud the formation of ripe scholarship.
The College year commences on tjie first
Monday of September, and closes the third of
July. (27) A. W. LUCAS, S.cc y .JJvr