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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View This Issue
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Cljc lUcckin (Enterprise.
Oregon City, Oregon :
Saturday, December 22, 1866.
,; The Cuicb Route." A late number of
the Cbvrant says there is a half ton of
paper mail at Chico, waiting for sacks, to
be transported to Idaho Cify. and accuses
the Idaho Postmasters with failing to re
turn the sacks to the Chico office, as di
rected to do. Ah, Mr. Courant, it was a
bad egg, when you let that cat out. You
should have kept mum about it The
Avalanche and Statesman both deny the
charge, and say there are no stray bags at
Boise or Silver. How can it be t&en ; ex
cept that the missing property is on the
road? That was a " -fry-monthly" line,
we believe but according to the Idaho
World of November 21th, the
ceased running : But " the
line will re-
sume traveling at the earliest practicable
day next spring." We can bring you
some of oldrllalleck's men, now (lit of
service, who give rather positive informa
tion that the "traveling" has never been
'practicable" in the past. Keep on brother,
perfiips you will be able to find those
bags sometime when Idaho can get her
mail " at the earliest practicable day."
Was there ever such a consummate hum-
buz as Chico. before? and greater asses
Colville. The Walla Walla Statesman
learns that the; contractors for carrying
the Colville mail decline carrying it after
January 1st, 1SG7. Reason assigned in
adequacy ot compensation 54,UUU per
annum. This will deprive a large num-
bf of people of a necess;
estimates, which are published" in the
Statesman, the wheat cp of Colville val
ley for the last season at 150,000 bhels ;
. oats, 100,000 bushels. They had also large
crops of potatoes, onions and cabbages
of all 'kinds were ruling low.
pay $1.25 per bushel for
Ps.sia and ArsaA. The relations be
tween Prussia and Austria have, in spite
of the conclusion of peace, remained of
the most unfriendly nature. Recently,
when a difficulty arose(l)etween the Prus
sian Government and the House of Depu
ties on account of a loan of sixty millions
proposed by the former, Count Bismark
very distinctly intimated that the disposi
tions of the Austrian Government might
Soon bring on another war. The official
anqemi-olncial press ot rrussia nas ever
eince spoken of the relations of the two
ocourts in the same manner.
Tus New Overland Mail. The mail
from Portland eastward isnow carried by
IIolla,day?s overland stages, on the Columl
bia river and Omaha route. Under these
new arrangements, tfie Post Office at Wal-
lula has been made a distributing office.
The only other distributing offices on the
coast are those ot bait Lake, Sacramento
Short Sighted. The Tribune says that
the histSry of our country, for the last six
rears, is a record of successive Democratic
own prophecy by inaugurating the Rebel
lion, it has never failed-to anticipate and
forsee exactly what dkrnot come to
Dexied. The Register denies the rumor
that Fort Vancouver is to be abandoned,
and turned over to the Catholic Mission.
" Ihe R:ght Rev. Bishop ot the Diocese
knows nothing about it, and neither is it
contemplated by the military authorities
to interfere with the post one way or the
A Scotch Factory ir America. The
Uvftalo Express says that a wealthy British
wblen manufacturer is removing his es
tablishment from Scotland to that city,
lie propose to establish the manufacture
of woolen goods upon on (Extensive scale,
sje(qialty of plaid goods and
Severe Storms. Over 100 vessels of
Various descriptions have been wrecked
disabled byCJecent storms on th coast of
the Atlantic and at least 500 people whH
werj, irthem have found a wa'.ery grave.
Even in these days of marine skill and of
powerful vessels, the elements sometimes
New Road. A bridge 220 feet in length
is about finished over the Washougal river,
in Clark count Washington Territory.
The improvement was much needed.
When it is completed, but Onmll expen-
- diture is required to make a good wagon
road from Vancouver to the(Dascades.
NewspafSr Matters. The Jacksoville
(Si Reporter will hereafter be known as the
Southern Orego7i Press, under the same
management however. qT1 Walla Walla
Statesman has terminated its fifth volume.
Under the management of Wm. II. Newell
it is a flourishing sheet.
Fatlcre ix Owyhee. The Boise States
man of DccemberSth. gives an account of
the failure of the Cosmos Mining Company.
of Owyhee. Suits to the amount of nearly
$100,000 have been instituted against the
DECXixEDOwing to the nature of his
public duties, and some considerations of
a private business character, the Oregonian
t-tates that;Go-ernor Woodg will not visit
the East, as it wits stated he would.
Illuminating Gas. Mr. Henry D. Green,
of Portland, has obtained a patent for the
manufacture of illuminating gas from the
combination of paw-dust with naptha, pe
troleum, or other mineral oils.
I)Ei4?fiAT in W. T. In order to be "up
tb' time" with the 40th Congress, Washing
ton Territory must elect a Delegate in
January r February.
Indicted. Page. Watson and Murphy,
the Boise geld dust operators, have been
Lowell, Lawrence and Orcgoii City.
Somehow common usage has of late be
gan to familiarize the name of this city
with those of Lowell and Bawrence, man
ufacturing cities upon the Merrimac river,
in Massachusetts. "We believe that it is
conceded that nature has done more for
Oregon Citythan was done for Lowell,
and as to Lawrence that city stands ex
clusively built by man's industry. The
power which drives the looms and jacks at
Lawrence was obtained by the erection of
a dam across thetreain. The Merrimac
is not a navigable river, and its wat r is
far inferior to that of the Willamette for
lufacturing purposes. So much we
are assured of, ia the superiority of the
location of Oregon Citv. Let us inquire
into the future prospectiof our town, by
comparison to Lowell ajid Lawrence. In
point of fall, Ave have about the same we
believe, that is obtained at Lowell, and in
addition to this have more ample room,
without the necessity of carrying water
back from the river for miles, before sites
f jr the erection) of suitable works can be
obtained. We are on the edge of one
the finest wool growing regions in the
worlds oundless ia extent and within
twcl e miles of a seaport, from, whence
we can ship our manufactured articles, i
and receive the raw material for cotton
fabrics, direct from the Islands of the Pa-
fic or the lower coast. Lowell and Law
rence have not any greater facilities than
these. But it is not)only in this respect,
that this region excels. The created re
sources of Clackamas county are unsur
passed in the world. We have timber,
building-rock, iron, etc., ruuder our feet.
and all about us, and' but lor the occur
rence of the civil war, with its excitements
and peril most undoubtedly these phys
ical resources would, nave been far ad
vanced by this time. Yet, when Ave con
sider that ve live in a fast age, when the
desideratum seems to be how to accom-
P1 tho greatest results in the least givenQ
time, and when we realize what has been
going on in Oregon foifour years past,
notwithstanding the war which the coun
try has passed through, and the great debt
ibsorbing tjie most extraordinary taxation,
we find our hopes quickened apace, and
confidently look ahead. On Tuesday last
a gentleman of out acquaintance in Port
land, and Avhose father assisted to lay the
foundation for the first factory in Lowell,
paid our sanctum a long anS cheerful
visit. He was familiar with most things
about Lowell, and like most men, looked
upon this fair city as full of promise. He
remarked that this must be like Loicell and
so it must, is the expression of all. He
seemed to think that people East could
have no just conception of the advantages
offered here for the investment of money
6u a large scale, in manufacturing pursuits
For the sake of thepermanent good repute
of these advantages, we have workedand
will continue to work, to give the mos
Satisfactory evidence to Eastern capital
ists of the trgth of our assertions that we
have more wealth in Oregon undeveloped
than they can promote by lavish expendi
tures in the tardy interests which they are
now generally carrying on. Nobodyj here
doubts the wonderful richness of Oregon,
but through innumerable speculative com
panies who have deceived and swindled
Eastern capitalists by their wild cat quartz
operations, our industrial prospects have
been set back at least tea years. The
,; Boot Incorporation" a&out the yegr
182(5-30 erected the first factory in Lowell,
Af... 1 rvi it -i
-uushuciniseiLa. men me locality was a
mere swamp. The town was divided by
the Merrimac river, and took its incorpo
atiou as a city from Chelmsford and Tetfks
bury. Two years after the " Boot" Fac
tory, the " Merrimac" was erected, the
year following the " Appleton" and
"Hamilton" factories were built Then
came the " Lawrence," built by Amos A.
Lawrence of Boston, who subsequently
founded the city of Lawrence. From this
time Lowell continued to flourish, until lis
present rank was obtained. In the year
1853 it was proposed to incorporate the
" ciry of Lawrence, but as the required
number of population was not then there,
it requiring 12,000, the project failed.
Now the city-numbers between 35,000 and
40.000 inhabitants. The celebrated " Pa
cific Mills" are located at Lawrence, which
give employment to more than 3,000 op
eratives. The owners of stock in these
factories are content with realizing much
smaller dividends than the factories upon
this coast yield to their owners. Money
being more abundant, and consequently
cheaper, even with labor relatively higher
than it is here in Oregon, they get but
about i to G per cent, per annum on their
investment, while here it is quite com
mon that dividends equal 21 to 25 per
cent, upon the capital fctock of manufac
Ship-Blilbixg ox I'uget SocxD. A wri
ter from Steilacoom, W. T., in the Vancou
ver Register of last Saturday, says that for
theQuisiness of ship-building Steilacoom
offers very superior facilities ; having a
spacious harbor, no sea, no rock's, bold
shores, and lumber delivered at the low
price of eight dollars per thousand feet.
Vessels can be built here at less than $25
pe ton : of course, exclusive of rigging.
Surely, with these advantages, Steilacoom
flight to do something in the way of ship
building, and would do much with the aid
of a l(ttle capital. lie states further, on
authority" a mill proprietor, that lumber
to build vessels Still be furnished at the
mill at So per thousand ; the mill proprie
tor taking interests in the vessels built to
the amount of the lumber, bills. To a
builder of limited means this is certainly
a good chance, and with the present lim
ited tonnage of thelast, it certainly ought
to be a great inducement.
IuForrrED Stock. It is generally grati
fying to note the importation of blooded
Ustock in Oregon, but the importation of
uie jacxass wno nas recently mounted the
tripod in the Democrat office at Albany,
was a useless experiment Ilia brain, i m 't
suited to his polish.
The Pacific on Friday last took away from
Portland $i 56,000 in treasure. "
Mr. Al. Zeiber of Portland, has entered
upon his duties as U. S. Marsha!.
The Sentin-el of December 15th learns that
there was twenty inches of snow at Fort
a recent trip to San Francisco, from
Crescent City, the Pel Norte took 400 tons of
copper ore from mines in the southern part
ot the State.
Last j-ear at this time the Columbia river
was closed by ice, above the Willamette.
This year there lias been but one snow squall
reported along the line.
A scow load of sawed shingles arrived
from St. Johns on Thursday last says the
Herald and were landed on Couch's wharf to
await the return of the Montana, wis n they
will be shipped to San Francisco.
The Oreaonian of Saturday says the
weather at Canyon City is open, line and
dry, the roads were never better, and mining
is going on, with about the average lack of
the summer season.
Indian troubles are no less frequent than
formerly, east of the mountains, and the
troops are being stationed in safe quarters,
apparently for the winter. Why the late
changes are made, no one not posted can
Portland has paid during the year lSGil,
m salaries, expenses of city Government,
and improvements of various kindsoupou
Public Property, the sum of 34,syi,71, ex
clusive of the Willamette rivr improve
ments, which are not yet definitely footed
up. The estimated expenses for the year
18(57 is 40,500.
Multnomah county, thou0.,tbe first county
in the State as to 'property, and third in
population, is the fourteenth iurcspect to
cattle. There are thirteen cdunties that
have, each, more horses; ten that have,
each, more hogs ; fifteen that have more
mules aud eleven that have more sheep.
Rich gold deposits have been found lately
at Randolph, near tho mouth of the Co
quille river, and about forty miles north of
the famous cold beach. They were discov
ered in an old beach formation three hundred
feet above high water and are paying fifty
dollars per day to thevhand !
It is said that the valuable farming coun
try across the Columbia river from Umatilla,
on theCYakima is being rapidly settled by
enterprising and well-to-do farmers. Gov.
rickenng nas appointed commissioners io
organized new county, and they will per-
fcom the duty assigned them at an early aay.
Tiip nnint to be selected as the couuty seat
is about torty miles irom umanna.
It is tinned that Grand Roude Vailey
produced this last season over a million
bushels of grain. In Povder River Valley,
the tanners have raised "over seven hundred
bushels. If the crops increase in the same
proportion another season, the question as
to form what point Montana and Idaho shail
draw their supplies of flour and grain will be
The Oregorna says that some of the prom
inent citizens ot Portland have organized a
comnany and incorporated under the laws of
theState. for the purpose of building- a rail
. r - -
road on the O resrou side of the Columbia
river portage at the Cascades. Directors are
elected and a surveyor sent to locate the
road, etc. The original incorporators are
Messrs. W. W. Chapman, J. Br Price, T. J.
Carter and J. II. Mitchell.
The Oregonian- has been shown by Mr. W.
P. Watson who has recently been through
the Umpqua valley, some specimens of broom
corn and tobacco which grew near Wilbur.
The broom corn for length of straw is quite
equal to the finest crops of California, being
over twTfeet long and very straight and
tough. Mr. W. saw crops of sorghum there
which was very large. The tobacco, is of
large leaf, fine, bright color, and is very little
coarser hi texture"thau the West Virginia
and Kentucky leaf.
The Herald learns that the Eagle Creek
Quartz district, in Baker county, lias made
a decided impression on all "parties who
have visited them. We predict, lrom the
best information we get, that this camp will
be the main field of iuvestments and specu
lation the coming season. From a private
letter we learn that 600 feet of the Shriver
copper has been bonded to California opera
tors for the sum of SO,O0t.. ." feet of the
same ledge was sold in this city a few days
ago for :3,000. The company owning the
greater part of the " Gem of the Mountain"
gold bearing lcdgerhave refused to accept of
25 pef foot for their Gem ledge.
Di ring the last term of Court in Umatilla
count, says the Jces, two individuals were
convicted, one for selling whisk' to the In
dians, and the other fur stealing horses. The
man who endangered the lives of the whole
enmnmnitv. men. women and children, by
scllinir whisky to the savacre. was fined the
paltry sum of thirty dollars, while the pop"
devil" who simply stole a cayuse was sen
tenced to a year in the penitentiary. We
would not for a moment question the mo
tives of Judge Wilson, in imposing so slight
a fine as thirty dollars for the offence above
stated, but we cannot but regret the injurious
effect which it will have upon that class of
men, who are so lost to humanity and de
cency as to engage in that nefarious traffic.
The prisoner could afford to pay such a
fine every month in theryear, and then make
enough from the Indians to insure him a
good profit. Let such men be fined to the
extent of the law. So say we. The crime
is one that it Is veryiard to convict upon
generally, and when a plain case is made let
the vagabond suffer.
The Willamette and LTp-er Columbia are
to be surveyed, under the Superintendence
of R. Covington, Esq., an old citizen of
Vancouver, who returned from Washington
City recently, having been appointed to that
position by the Secretary of War under a
recent act of Congress, appropriating some
thirty thousand dollars for that purpose.
The "work will probably be delayed unitil
(Dnext spring, as Capt. Williamson, the chnS
engineer officer ot this Military Division and
to whom Mr. Covington reported for duty.
vpcpIvpH nn nri h instrnf tinn PnnocHi
V"-". iZ: w .
lag the cnaracter ana extent or trie survr
to be made, but has written to the Depp
rnent for information. Then again it is n
known, what was meant by Congress when
the appropriation was made for the
" Upper Columbia." Some contend that3t
means the Columbia immediately above the
Dalles, while others believe it to be the main
fork of the river above its junction with
Snake river. The Engineer Bureau will-set
We find in the Sacramento Union of the
1st, theCfollowiug history of St. Helen, its
location, and other matters in Columbia
count-, which reads very much like the
writings of Mrs. F. F. Victor. It bears date
St. Helen, Oregon, November 17th, 1SC6 :
Did anybody in California, except the
Postmasters, ever hear of such a place as
St. Helen? It is just possible that some
pioneer may have a lingering recollection of
the spot and may know sotnethiVgf its his
tory for it has a history. Tn when
Captain Wyeth brought a trapping party
across the Rocky Mountains and sent the
brig May Puere around the Horn with a
cargo of goods, intending to compete with
the Hudson's Bay Company and establish a
salmon fishery, he selected this identical
spot for a future town site, and it obtained
the name of Wyeth s Rock. The Captain
subsequently built a fort for the protection
of his fishery on Wappatoo Island, a short
distance above, and ended at last by selling
out to his courteous and powerful friends of
the Hudson's Bay Company, who sent him
about his business in the friendliest manner
conceivable, and the Captain and his rock
were forgotten. Fifteen or twenty years
passed, when some other man of less note,
seeing the eligibility of the spot, took pos
session of it as a land-claim and eventually
laid it out in a town. In those days Portland
was nowhere and somebody was cutting
away the forest on its undiscovered site. No
bod dreamed of seeing theoocean steamers
up the Willamette they stopped at St.
Heleii. The Pacific Mail Steamship Com
pany built a large wharf and storehouse,
finally, and thousands of tons of anthracite
coal was kept here for supplying their ships.
Mills and stores of goods were brought here,
and business in St. Helen was lively. In
the meantime a town had started where
Portland new s-tands, some of whose leading
i i mi i law LnjuKXaaiiiiijiww Jg
men, having faith in this point, tried to ob
tain property here, but the proprietor of bt.
Helen (first called Casenau) seeing visions of
untold magnificence before his eyes, refused
to sell his lots for any prices within their
ability to purchase, by which folly he not
onlv defeated his own hopes but created a
rivalry in Portland, which with continued
mismanagement on his part and the usual
accidents ultimately rendered him unsuccess
ful and Portland, "twelve miles up a tribu
tary of the Columbia, is the seaport town of
Oregon, instead of some point on the main
river. Fires swept away the milling prop
erty and the Pacific Mail Steamship Com
pany's wharf and warehouses, dumping their
coal in the river, where it still li.;s, an im
ported coal bed, metamorphic, like the rock
the town stands on. The business of St.
Helen, under these circumstances, ran down,
the best of its active citizens left in disgust,
titles became mixed, mortgages covered half
the town, aud at this date the Portlanders
nnlv know of this nlace as the county seat
of a very backward county, and a good local
ity for trout, fishing, aeer nunung, iLc. juti
them not think of'St. Helen as so entirely
rural ; she is not dead but sleepeth. Within
thelast year certain parties have taken hold
of the place to right the titles, lift the mort
gages and put it on its feet again. To-day
the sound of the hammer and saw resounds
on Jill sides ; old buildings, long disused, are
being fitted up, and new ones erected. Lots
havebeen sold for the site of a large lumber
mill and sash and door factory ; also, for a
ship yard, docks, and other improvements
along the water front. A flouring mill will(
probably be put in operation next summer.
All this"suddenly developed energy has been
the perfectly spontaneous result of -he peo
ple's faith iii the excellence of the point when
rid of its old incumbrances. -s for the loca
tion of the place, it is in every respect ahead
of Portland for a commercial town. The
Portlanders confess that; jit the safiie time
they believe in the might of their accumu
lated capital to control the commercial inter
ests of the State. Time o'dy will decide
that matter time and railroads. It is
scarcely probable that the California and Or
egon Railroad will; stop at any point south
of the Columbia river. A moment's study
of the map shows the fallacy of that idea.
There is, besides more good farming land in
thPimmediate vicinity of St. Helen than of
Portland or any other town onQhe Columbia
river. In the first place, the Willamette
Vallev. or the Plains, are as near to one
place as the other, while Sauvie's Island
( Wapira'too), a rich agricultural region of
over twenty miles in length by from three to
six m width, is just at the door of St. Helen.
Immediately onnosite are the mouths of the
Cathlanootlp. or Lewis, rind Lak tivprs.Cl
Both these streams have rich valleys, now
quite thickly settled. At the foot of Sauvie's
Island, where the Lower Willamette (Col
ombia slough) debouches into tho Columbia,
is a bay setting back among rich bottom
lands for a distance of about seven miles.
While there is so much alluvial land in the
immediate vicinity of the town, the town it
self is set upon a ledge of basaltic rock, cov
ered with only soil enough to support some
picturesque groves of hi s and a beautiful
green sod. The surface is broken by the
gradual rise in terraces of the ground as it
recedes from the river. Mount !St. Helen
stands clearly and squarely in front of us,
while Hood is off to the right, and does not
seem so near as at Portland. Opposite to us
is the bottom land of the Columbia, covered,
except where therearc farms, with a beauti
fulgrowth of oak, cottonwood.ash and maple,
this timber forming a belt between the river
and the rich grass lands, above which rise
the noble hills that everywhere skirt the
valley of the Columbia. It is asserted by
residents here tlWt the mountains opposite
and up Lewis river aboumlPin gold and cop
per ; but being very rough and difficult to
prospect, no mines have vet been discovered.
On the Oregon side, and directly back of St.
Helen, are coal and iron minesof an ascer
tained great value. In fact, ltis no longer
a question as to the value of the coal, iron
and salt of this county; add to these, line
tracts of fir and cedar close to the river, and
oak of excellent quality convenient forlboat
ing, and you have the chief advantages of
St. Helen except its harbor, which is rareiy
blocked with ice, the water from the Lower
Willamette being warn:, and the channel
forty feet in depth. This I believe to be a
fair inventory of the merits of Wvcth's Rock,
otherwise St. Helen ; though doubtless the
old residents could enumerate a great many
more. If the Postmasters are the only per
sons' who heretofore knew of this favored
spot, it is to be hoped that this letter will
inform a great number of people. I doTiot
know what better advertisement it could
have, unless Mark Twain should conclude to
spend a summer in this region writing up
its peculiarities, while he made us acquaint
ed with some of his own. One of the'ehief
topics of conversation here, after the election
returns, is an effort which is being made in
1 ortland to procure the assistance of the
General Govei;riinent in closing up the Low
er Willamette "against navigation ! Twenty
miles or more of deep water navigation to be
cut off, and the country on eijher side to be
desolated in order that'thc town of Portland
may flourish, and may be able by the help
of all this added volume of water, to keep
open the steamship channel, which the
"dredger' finds a difficulty in doing 1 Port
land has two Senators (ja Congress who may
succeed in hoodwinkingCongress to that ex
tent; however, I am inclined to doubt it, not
knowing of the man, out of Portland, who
seriously entertains the notion that even
Congress has the right to take away twenty
miles ot navigable water from the country to
which ,jt belongs. The summer, which has
been delightful and lon-g drawn out for Ore
gon, has finally fled, leaving us rain and mist,
green trees amLfresh grass, and vividly
emerald mosses Wr consolation. The leaves
of deciduous trees are gaver than poppies,
scarlet and gold, and lovely russets. The
river, broad and dimpled with wind and
wave, flows by in solemn majesty. Alto
gether, my surroundings at this place are
more productive!' reflection than action ;
therefore, for the present, adios.
V e received the first number of the CF)
Lumbui Press, published at Umatilla, too late
v11 leprini uie following selections
last wees to reprint the following
vj, f -j.
om it, upon tne ireneral nrosneritv of
things in that county : The Press say"that
a party of men have been at work during
the summer and fallen the Columbia, about
ten miles below Umatilla, making from six
to twelve dollars per day to the man. For
miles above and below us on the Columbia,
one may make from five to ten dollars per
day, winch, isf'ar better than twice that sum
mauy hundreds of miles .from cultivation, m
t he heart of the mountains. The diggings
on the Umatilla have made a fair return to
the prospectors Persons passing up and
down the Columbia and uiWcquainted
with the interior of Umatilla county
are led to fornx an opinion that it is situated
in a God-forsaken, barren portion of the
earth, with no resources except commercial;
while the contrary is the case. Twelve
miles from thi river, one beholds as tine a
farming country as lies between the Cascades
and Rock Mountains. When that country is
fully settled, Umatilla will occupy no inferior
position as a grain and produce market
vVe have taken some pains to get at the
number and kind of business, houses in
Umatilla, and we enumerate the following:
Miscellaneous and Variety stores, g Groce
ries and provisions (5, General Merchandise
2, Stoves and tinware 1, Hardware 1,
Wines and liquors Tobacco and cigars S,
Clothing stores Drug stores 4, Saddlers 2,
Jewellers, 21 Brewery, 2 Livery Stables,
2 IlayCorrals, f Bakery, 3 lloteU, 1 Restau
rants.O 4 Forwarding 6iM Commission
Houses, 2 Tailor Shops, 2 Barber Shops, 13
Saloons, 1 School 11 Physicians, 5
Lawyers, 3 Blacksmiths, 2 Wagon shops.
Transportation by wagous or pack trains
always in readiness. Thirteen S'aloous and
one bakery that 's Demoatic Birch
creek valley is rapidly settling up with a
hardy and enterprising people. Its dairies
are already becoming noted for the excel
lence! ttieir productions. They are also(P
preparing to establish a permanent school
at the forks of the Creek, and we know of no
place more favorable for the farmers or stock
raisers to locate than Birch Creek, . . .The
J'rens speaks favorably of the proposition to
divide the State; it says : "If permitted tj
our own way to develop our resources, our
wealth and prosperity would increase in ten
fold proportion, and for all articles of foreign
growth or manufacture, our patronage of
W estern Oregon would increase in the same
propoi tiva." "
We take the following telegraphic news
from dispatches to the Morning Oregonian.
Dates lo December 13.
The Georgia Legislature passed a stay law
over the Governor's veto.
Richardson, Spence & Co.'s Liverpool cir
cular of Nov. 13, quotes white California
wheat 14s a 14s tid per 100 lbs.
The defeated bill for extending the opera
tions of the stay law in the Virginia Legis
lature has been reconsidered.
Both houses of the North Carolina Legis
lature rejected Howard's amendment to the
The recent seizure of a Jarge number of
distilleries has had the effect of closing
nearly ever establishment in New York city.
Gen. Sheridan sent a dispatch boat io
bring Minister Campbell, Gen. Sherman and
their attendants to New Orleans, where they
arrived on the 13th. .
The ship Ocean Eagle, from Baltimore for
San Franciseo, was compelled to put into
Rio on the 31st of October in. distress. .She
had three feet ot water in her hold. She
encouutered very heavy weather in latitude
The school law passed both houses of the
Georgia Legislature. The Senate passed a
bill taxing foreign corporations two per cent,
on gross amount of income, and national
banks one half per cent. The bankrupt
bill was lost.
New York papers say that Great Britain is
increasing her demands for grain. The
amount of a quarter of a million of bushels
was shipped during the past two days. The
whole stock of all kinds of grain in the New
York market will not probably exceed twelve
milliou of bushels.
Kale of Kalesdale, formerly of Idaho, was
robbed of 40,Oo0 on Wednesday, in a train
from New York, while on his way to Wash
ington. The money stolen belonged to the
Government, which Mr. Lyon was conveying
to Washington, where he'was going to set
tle his accounts with the Indian Bureau, as
Superinteudant of Indian Affairs for Idaho
having been superceded by Governor Bal
lard. CA correspondent from Cork writes that
the feeling of uneasiness is considerably in
creased by measures resorted to by the conn
try traders, people, and comfortable farmers,
to get mto their possession all the money
they can scrape together, which they are
turning into gold and secreting. .Shop
keepers decline renewing their stock of
goods, aud excuse the payments cT out
standing accounts, while they draw from
the banks the balances in their favor. The
farmers are also drawing their money from
the banks, and requiring gold payments for
their produce. There are none more un
happy than the Catholic Clergy. They say
the people now avoid their instructions, al
though they usually attend mass, they with
draw from their other duties, aud the non
observance of the requirements of the church
is not confined to t!:e male population.
The steamship C'vla arrived at New York
on the 1 5th, with Liverpool dates to Decem
ber 1st. Two gunboats left iSheerness for
Ireland with large quantities of arms and
ammuuition. A London telegram to the
Dublin jtremanx Journal says Stephens is
hou'ir expected in London, and detectives
were on the alert for him. A Paris letter
gives a rumor that he had arrived there,
having passed through Loudon. There was
some demand for rebel bonds in London on
November 30th, and prices improved to
6 at 6 1-2 La France speaks in the follow
ing terms: The great question of the mo
ment is American affairs. The arrival of
the next uackej) is looked for with intense
anxiety. Till then the public mind will be
influenced bv any secondary indications
tending to throw light upon the real state of
things. For instance, it has been remarked
within a ew days that American faivds are
lower at London, Frankh'ri and New York.
The conclusion is that the relations between
France and the United States must be very
delicate. It is also rumored that the Juarez
loan is quoted lower in Loudon. A rupture
between Greece and Turkey is imminent.
Money and American securities are vm
The settlement rriSie by Consul Morse, ia
London, with Frazier, Trenholm it Co., the
disavowal of which by the United States was
mentioned in a recent dispatch, purported
the settlement of all claims of the United
States-) against that firm, involving many
thousands of pouuds sterling. It appears
that proceedings iW chancery were Leing
vigorously prosecuted by the Consul in
Liverpool. Mr. Dudley had succeeded in
forcing Frazier, Trenholm .t Co., into a po
sition where they were compelled to make a
full disclosure, on oath, of all dealings of the
firm with the Confederate Government in
cluding all transactions with the rebel Secre
tary of the Treasury Mr- Trenholm, together
with a full exhibition of all their books and
papers. To avoid disagreeable disclosures,
Frazier, Trenholm & Co., sought and effected
a settlement which was clandestinely made
through Mr. Consul Morse, and one Mont
gomery Gibbs, reputed to be an agent of the
Treasu-y Department, tirhose agreement
provides for dismissing all claims in Eng
land and the United States and merely re-
i-quires that Frazier, Trenholm & Co., shall
state now, under oath, what Confederate
property they have had in th?ir possession.
That they shall dispose of the same, and af
ter paying themselves 1 150,000, which, with
out any statement of account as greeed upon
as the indebtedness of the Coifederate
Government to them, they shall pay5 the re
maining balance to the United States. This
settlement was made by Mr. Morse under
the color of geuera! authority from the
Treasury Department for the Confederate
property in England, but it has been
promptly rejected by the United States
Government on the ground that it is re
linquishing everything to Frazier, Trenholm
$: Co., and was in fact utterly without au
thority on the part of the Consul at London,
whose instructions did not apply to these
proceedings, which were under the sole con
trol of the Consul at Liverpool. He made
the pretended settlement behind the back of
Mr. Consul Dudley, and without the knowl
edge of Miiiister Adams, without whose
sanction nonaction was valid. The disap
proval of the agreement having gone to
England by telegraph, due legal proceedings
will bo renewed and pressed with vigor,
until every dollar of Confederate property
in the hands of thechief financial ageuts of
the rebellion shall be secured.
The District suffrage bill passed the Senate
on the 13th. Ayes, 32 nays, 13.
The House Committee" on Elections has
agreed to report a bill establishing one day
for all Congressional elections.
In the Senate a joint resolution to allow
steamboats to carry friction matches with
out storing in fire proof safes was passed.
ine concurrent resolution- tor
from December 20th to January 3d, which
passed the House by 103 to 54, will meet
with serious opposition in the Senate.
Four petitions have been presented to
Congress for the impeachment of the Presi
dent, all from the W.tjst, bearing in the ag
gregate about 2"0 names. -
The Po.it' Washington special dispatch
says Washington people manifest no excite
ment over the suffrage debate. The lead
ing evening papers have come out in favor
of impartial suffrage.
Iu the House, Bidwell of California offered
a resolution instructing the Post oiiice Com
mittee to inquire into the expediency of re
establishing the Southern ' Overland Mail
route from San Francisco, via Los Angeles
to Memphis Tennessee. Adopted. q
Howe, of Wisconsin, offered a resolution
instructing the Committee on Public Lands
to report on the expediency ot printing the
iepoit of the Commissioner of the "Land
Office for the year ending June, 1SG6, in dif
ferent foreign languages for distribution at
in the Senate a bill was mtrouced for the
relief of W. L. Adams. Gill!. ctrr nf A ttnfi'n
(D Oregon, on aeeount of funds stnl on inSlu r
Francisco last February. Also a bill pro
viding that notice of the ratification of the
Constitutional amendment be sent to the
President of the Senate and Speaker of the
Ilduse of Representatives instead of the
Secretary of State.
The Secretary of War reports the cost of
Indian expeditions as follows: The Quarter
master's Department in IS 04 expended
$9,11C,000; the Subsistence Department the
same year expended S15.50u.ono; th i..,.
I Department, f'yX''?, The fymternjastcr 3
Department in 1865 expended $19,250,000 ;
the Commissary Department $3,500,000;
the Pay Department, $1,110,000.
Stevens of Pennsylvania, introduced a bill
to re-establish civil government in North
Carolina, to enable it to resume its former
relations as one of the Constitutional States
of the American Union." Referred to Com
mittee on Territories. It provides for holJ
insr a convention of two hundred delegates
atRaleirh. on the 20th of May. 1867. to 1
frame a constitution to be submitted to Con
gress for approval or rejection, and that all
citizens who can read or write, or own 200
worth of prooerty, may vote for delegation ;
the United States Marshal to appoint judges
of the electiou and the delegates to take an
oath that since the 4th of March, 1866, they
would willingly have complied with the
requirements of the President's proclama
tion of the Sth of December, lSt3, had a safe
opportunity been afforded.
'Secretary McCulloch's new tariff bill is in
print, with" .the rates of the House bill passed
last July, and the proposed new rales in
parallel columns. At a glance it is seen that
the new measure for the most part re-enacts
the existing tariff act, and the respect in
which it differs is that it favors the impor
ters more than the home products. The
Ways and Means Committee appear to be
about equally divided on the subject of the
contraction of the currency, aud the proba
bility is that the commitiee will adhere to
the present rate of monthly contraction. Mr.
McCulloch's plan for a more rapid contrac
tion will hardly be reported in favor of, as
the temper of the House is such that were
the matter to come up in that shape, a strong
attempt will be made to withhold the power
to withdraw even four millions a month.
The opposition of the House to the contrac
tion is quite marked.
The deficiency bill being under considera
tion in the House, Mr. Washburn of Illinois,
moved to strike out a paragraph appropriat
ing lt,40 for deficiency for work done or
being don by corporations of Washington
City" in front of aud across Government
property. He said he was not disposed to
vote money to this- city. The pharugraph
was struck out by a vote of56to41. Mr.
Scofield of Pennsylvania, moved to strike
out a paragraph appropriating 25,000 for
the State Department aud requested infor
mation about it. He had heard it said it
was to induce Surratt to come to this coun
try and receive his pardon, as thre was no
pardoning agency established in Europe,
j Laughter. Mr. Stevens of Pennsylvania,
said that he had himself been disposed to
recommend that item to the appropriation
committee. He had before requested-, Se
ward, who is a young man Laughter, to
call upon him and give him the accessary in
struction, and Seward had doue so. He
would say to the gentleman that they had
not talkel about anything except bCusi
ness, and Seward had assured him that the
appropriation was necessary and proper. It
comprised various matters. The Govern
ment had large suits pending in Europe,
principally in England and Fiance, to re
cover property which had helonged to .the
Confederate Government and these siVrts
were very expensive. The aggregate amount
involved'was over (Js20,000,mm, aud a very
large proportion of that would be recovered.
The expenses of tracing Surratt all over
Europe were large, and the State Depart
ment would have to pay the additional ex
penses ot the vessel that was conveying
Surratt to that country. Then tho State
Department had to bear the expenses of the
reception of Queen Emma in this country
and of her return to Honolulu. It also had
to pay the expenses of the recent expedition
to Mexico. Scofield, of Pennsylvania, ex
pressed himself satisfied with the explani
tion. He did not know but that some part
of the appropriation might have been in
tended to pay the expenses of the Prcsi
dent's party while swinging round the
circle. Stevens of Pennsylvania, assured
him that no part of the appropriation would
be applied to that purpose, although he
understood there were some ( unpaid bills in
connection with that trip'. Scofield, of
Pennsylvania, then withdrew his motion and
the committee rose. The House passed the
bill. One of its items is 40,000 for facilitat
ing telegraphic communication between the
Atlantic and Pacific.
Twenty -seven families of Polish exiles
left New York, recently, for Richmond,
having bought "..500 acres of land in
Spottsylvania County, Virginia, on which
they intend to settle. They are to pay five
dollars an acre for theland in six years.
Bicatli of Promise To prevent the
frequency of breach of promise cases, a bill
should be introduced m Congress, enacting
that a promise of marriage must be given in
wri.ing, and attested by two witnesses, that
the would be bvidygroom has bought a fine
suit of clothes of Kohn &. Fisehel, Portland,
who .re acknowledged to sell cheaper than
any dther house in the Qate.
Solomon' Siiyiugs. There is a certain
class of rcasoners of restricted vision who
believe that the statement of Solomog," that
there is nothing new under thesun," is as
true to-day as when it was penned by the
great law-giver and sage of Israel. But the q
contrary is shown by an inspection of
Barman Bros stock of very superior clothing
which they are selling as cheap as any house
in Oregon, if not cheaper. Remember that
tne location of Barman Bros, store is on the
riverside of Front street, Portland, between
the Lincoln House and Arriguui's.
Willamette Lodge Xo. 151. O. G. T.
Meets every Saturday evening, at the rooms
corner of Mam aud Washington streets, at 7
o'clock. Visiting- members are invited to
By order of O W. C. T.
Pa. ill's Episcopal Church, the Rev.
Sellwood, pastor. Services on Suu-
day at 10 1-2
. m. and 7 r. sr. Sunday
scnooi at 2 r.
services at 10 1-2 a. m. Evening service at
7 p. si. P. S. Knight, Pastor.
31. K. Chnnh.-
10 1-2 a. m. Evening
D. Driver, Pastor.
services at 7 p. m.
Lodge o. 3, I.
-ffiZ O.V. -Meets every Wcdnes
day evening at 7 o'clock, iWtheQ)
r.. , : if i . ni . j I
DiiiouHiu ii u.i i. ..uemoers oi ine orueare in
to attend. By order N. G.
S:ly FT)B. Fellows, R.
iUult iiomali Lodge -Wo. 1, A,
F. & A. Jl. Holds its regular PJ
communications on the first and third Sat
urdays of each month, at half past six p. si.
Brethren in good standing arc- invited to
attend. By) order of w. M
Oregon City, Nov. 6th, 1SC. 3:ly
The ilfst Itemed y tor Purifying the
Blood, Strengthening the Nerves, Restoring
the Lost Appetite, is FRESE'S HAMBURG
TEA. It is the best preservative against al
most any sickness, if used timely. Composed
of herbs only it can be given safely to infants.
Full directions in French, Spanish, and Ger
man, with every package. TRY IT !
For sale at all the wholesale and retail
drug stores and groceries. (31
EMIL FRESE, Wholesale Druggist,"
Sole Agent, 410 Clay street, San Francisco.
Jlarriuge and Celibacy, an essay of
Warning and Instruction for Young Men.
Also, Diseases and Abuses which prostrate
the vital powers, with sure means of relief.
Sent free of charge in sealed letter envelopes
Address: D J. SKILLIN HOUGHTON.
1), Howard Association. FhitecHrhn, Pa.
Notice to James Crim.
HENRY SNYDER having entered at this
office, as a pre-emption right, the south
east quarter of sec. 19 town S, south range 1
east, which entry is in' conflict with your pre
'emption filing of July ilth, 185y, and our de
cision allowing said entry having been af
firmed by the Commissioner of the General
.Land office under date of October 27th, 16Gt,.
you are hereby notified that jou will be al
lowed thirty days from this date to appeal
from said dec'.sioD, if you desire to do so.
Land Office, Oregon City, Dec. 27th, 1S66.
OWEN WADE, Register.
9:4wJ HENRY WARREN, Receiver.
S. HIT EL AT,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
.Oregon City, Oregon.
Office over Charman & Brother. ;tf
rpHE ENTIRE FURNITURE. AND H0
JL tel fixtures of the Willamette" House, m
Oregon City, will be sold at Public Auction
On Saturday, December 224, 186&1
Sale to commence at 10 o'clock A. M.
This sale will include a fine lot of beds and,
bedding, nearly new. A large lot of kitchsu,
furniture-nnd household goods. Also: one
of Buck's splendid No. 10 Cooking Stoves,,
with perfect Steam Tanks attached! Two.
very excellent Milch Cows, and a large lot ofr
earthen ware, tin ware, etc., to numerous to,
Payment in U. S. gold or silver coin, upon
delivery of goods. J. S. McDONALD.
8:2t W. P. 15 URNS, Auctioneer.
THE NATIONAL COLLEGE
BUSINESS AND COMMIlCE l
Corner of ALDER and FRONT streets,
rjMIIS COLLEGE RANKS FIRST ON THE,
I Coast, and offers advantages for acquir
ing a Practical Business Education, superior
tetany other school.
Thte Course of Instruction
Is conducted on the plan of the best Com
mercial Colleges in Europe and the Atlantic
Theory and Practice,
I3y means of Banks and Business offices, thus
famiharizingthe Student with all the dif
ferent kinds of Business in the shortest
possible time, and least expense.
Tne Business Course
Embraces Book-keeping,by single and double
entry, I'enmanship, Commercial Calcula
tion Correspondence, Commercial Law,
Actual Business, Lectures on Accounts,
Busjccss Customs, Mercantile Ethics, 3tc.
Scholarships, embracing the whole Busi
ness Course, Regular and Special Lec
tures, time unlimited, with privilege of
reviewing at any future day. ."7". $30
Students enter any time. There are no va
cations. For further particulars address
the President, or call at the College.
M. K. LAUD1JNSLAGER, President.
H. M. DeFRANCE, Secretary. 8:3m
Until further notice
Will leave Portland daily at 7 o'clock A. M
' for Oregon City, connecting with the
On Monday tuid Thursday of each
week for Corvallis.
Str. FANNIE P ATT ON,
On Tuesday and Friday of each iceck
On Wednesday of each week, for
JlarrisburyLancastrr and Eugene.
AXD "WITH THE
On Monday, Wednesday and Friday,
of each week, for Dayton and La
Returning the Str. ALERT will leave Oregon
City for Portland at 1 o'clock P. M.
A. A. 31 c CULLY.
President P. T. Ox.
SALEM, December lS6t. (l;tf
10,000 SOLDIERS WASTED:
tio n for Bonntv
TO MAKE APPLICA
due them under Act of
Congress, JulyUSth, 1S66, and now about to
xo Secure an Early Return,
Those entitled should make application to
me at once, as the claims " filed within tho
period of six months from Oct. 1, 1SG6, will
receive the first attention, and none other
shall be paid or considered until all theso
All Soldiers who entered the service for
two or three j-ears, or the war, and have re
ceived only 50 or 100 are eutitlcd
another similar amount.
On or about the 25th'day of December, I
will dispatch a Special Agent to Washing
ton, D. C, to secure the earliest possible
payment of these claims.
Pensions, Prize Money, Bounties Patents.
Pay for Vouchers, Scrip, Back Pay, Lost
Horses and other Claims will be collected
promptly by applying at Oregon Herald
office, or addressing
ALBERT M.. SNYDER,
Government Claim Agent, Portland, Orcgotu
Information given by mail gratuitously.
December 12, i860. , (&3m
E HAVE JUST PRINTEDIN
good form, with clear type, upon
the best quality of paper, a full set of Justice'
Court blanks," which will be sold as low as
the samo can be procured elsewhere iu th
State. D. C IRELAND.