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WILT, JACKSON & J. W. MERBITT.
Advertisements will be; inserted In
Sentisei. at the following rates;
Ten lines, one insertion $2 M
" " each subsequent insertion . 75"
TatLegal advertisements inserted reason
ably. Locals, per line, first insertionv 12 cents
each subsequent insertion, 5 centt.
t Job work of all kinds done on prompt no
tice and in woikman-like manner.
A Liberal DUcoanllo Yearly tdvrrtltwrs '
JACKSOIWILLE, OREGON, THUESDAY, DECEMBEE 22, 1887.
f OL. XXXII.
fitttftoC ASSES' w
PfiP I'll r1 imWB "'"'HflftlaJLF-
STATE Of OREGON.
U. S. Senator. J. H. Mitchell, J. N- Dolpb
Jongressraun, B. Hermann; Governor, 8.
fennoyer; Secretary of State, Gcorce W.
McBride; State Treasurer, Geo. Webb;
State Printer. F. C. Baker; Supt. Public In
trusion, E. B. McElroy; Supreme Judges,
Vf. P. Lord, Chief Justice W. W. Thayer,
nBST JUDICIAL DISTRICT.
Comprising Jackson, Josephine, Lake and
ilamath counties: Cirwtt Judge, L. K.
Webster; District Attorney, W. M. Colvig.,
Senator, A. C. Stanley; Representatives,
J. T. Bowditch, R. A. Miller; County Judge,
. Del'eattt: Commissioners, Benl. Hay
mond, S. A. Carlton; Clerk, W. II. Parker;
BheritT.B.W. Dean: Treasurer. N. Fisher;
Assessor, J. Jl.Childcrs; School Superinten
dent, Win- Pnest;iSurveyor, F. A. English;
Coroner, R. Pryee.
Clerk. C. K. Chanslor. Sheriff. T. O. Patter
ion; Treasurer, J. W. Howard ; Assessor,
J.B. Lewis; School Superintendent, E F.
Hatha ay; Surveyor, W. N. Saunders ; Cor
oner, Dr. Krcmer.
Joint Senator, C. M. Cartwright of Wasco;
Representative, R. McLean of Klamath;
County Judge, G. W. Smith; Commis
sioners, J. L. Hanks, R. A. Emmitt; Clerk;
W. C. Hale; Sheriff, M I). Childcrs: Treas
urer, C. T. Baldwin; Assessor. R. B. Hatton ;
School Superintendent, W. E. Greene; Sur
veyor, R. B. Moore.
Senator. C. M. Cartwright of Wasco; Rep
resentative, K. McliCan ol Xlaniam; county
Judge, A. Fitts; Commissioners, Geo. If.
Jones, C. Loftus; Clerk, W. T. Boyd; Sher
iff, A. J. uiiarilon; ireasurer, a. acoai
len; School Superintendent, A. H. Fisher;
Assessor, 0. L. Stanley.
meetixu or OOOBTS, rTC.
The Supreme Court of Oregon meets at
Salam, regular term commencing on the
firt;Mondays in March and.October.
Circuit Court for Jackson county meets
the first Mondavin April, September and
December; for Josephine, the first Monday
In March and August; for Ki-imath, the
second Monday in June and first Monday
in November; for Lakc.thc third Monday in
May aad the second Monday in October.
For Jackson County, Probate and 'Com
missioners1 courts meet every month, com
mencing with the first Monday; for Jose
phine county, the first Monday in January,
April, Julv and September; for Lakecounty
every alternate month, commemnng the
first Monday in January. For Klamath
county the first Wednesday in March, Jure,
September and November.
Attorney-ANcf counselor atiaw.
"Will practise In nil the courts of the State.
0 Dice in Hamlin's brick block, up-stairs.
X. J3. ICErsIT,
ATTORNEY J: COUXSP.LOK-AT-LAW
Will practice In all the Courts of this State.
Ofllce on California street, opposite J. Nu
II. IC. IIAINTVV,
Jacksonville ----- Okecjok.
Will practice in all the Courts of Oregon.
Offlea On Oregon Street, in Orth's Block.
i. i. jprim:,
Will practice in all the courts of the State.
Office in Court House.
J. W. Romicsos, M. D. B. M. Gill, M. D.
DRS. ROBINSON & GILL,
Physicians and Surgeons,
Office on California Street, in Mrs. Ga
-Calls promptly attended day or uight,
J. O. ALLEN, M. D.
JD Diseases of women and children a
Teeth extracted at all hours
Laughing gas administered, if
'desired, for which extra charge
trill be made. Office on corner of Califor
nia and 5th streets.
T. JR. YOTJlVGr, M. I.
Physician & Surgeon,
CENTRAL POINT, OR.
Calls promptly attended to at all hours.
L. X.. WHITNEY M. T
EAGLE POINT, OR.
Having located at this place, I ask a share
of the patronage of this section. Calls at
tended to at any time.
DR. W. H. SOMMERS,
JPhysician, Surgeon and Aeeovchar
C0N8ULATI0N ' IN GERMAN AND
English. Calls promptly answered both
day and night.
Office in the building formerly occupied
by Dr. Aiken on California street.
R Pares, M D E P Geait, M. D.
Physicians aad SargeoHS,
OrncE In Hamlin's brick, up "stairs,
Residence of Dr. Pryce at the Riddle House.
" "Dr. Geary oh C Street.
Mannfaatarer and Dealer in
HARDWARE, PAINTS, OILS, VAR
NISH, GLASS, ETC.
CalirorxiliT St-" '
Jacksonville, - Oregon
HAVING FAILED TO CLOSE OUT
my business in Jacksonville, as I
wished to do, I have concluded to continue
the same on a larger scale than ever. I
was in San Francisco recently, where I laid
in one of the largest and best stock of all
kinds of Hardware. Ammunition, Cutlery,
fire-arms, ana sporting uooas, ever
brought to this masket. These goods will
be sold at the lowest possible price.
I will guarantee these goods to be just
what I represent them to be. I feel thank
ful to my old customers for their past pat
ronage so liberally bestowed, and would
respectfully solicit a continuance of the
same. John Millie.
IS SEL1JNG GOODS AT
BED KOCH PEICE.
When vou want anything in the MER
CANTILE line, don't forget that he has
always on hand a
"i -. iSjrATa vw- - - -
IN FACT TELE
Dry Goods department
- -IS COMPLEE
I always have on hand, a fine stock of
TAKEN AT THE HIGHEST
I have a fine lot of Lumber and am
now ready to fill all orders for any
OTke BCTEIIS' GUIDE u
issued Sept. and March,
cacUyemr. 3-3L3 pge,
8KUK tneliWtWlUi over
2LB0O UlnatimUons a
whole Plctnn CaUtrj'.
CIIVES Wholesale Prices
direct to consumer 1 goods tor
personal or fkmUy sue. Tells how to
Order, and gives exact cost of every
thing yon sue, eat, drlnlc, wear, or
hatTsTfon with. These IXVAIAJABLE
BOOKS contain Information gleaned
from the markets at the world. Te
will mall a copy FKKE to any ad
dress upon receipt of 10 ets. to defray
expense of mailing, ietns hear from
MONTGOMERY WARD & CO.
Z3T eV SX0 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, 1U.
"WATCHMAKER AND JEA'ELER,
Ch liforuia Strert,
TirAKES a epeciality of cleaning and
ilL repairing 'watches and clocks.
Charges reasonable. Give me a call.
CITY BARBER SHO?.
THE UNDERSIGNED IS FULLY FRE
pared to do all work in his line in the best
manner and at reasonable prices.
W ffROYAUKCrStl. 3
This powder never vanes. A marvel of
purity, strength and tvhglesomeocss.
More economical than the ordinary
kinds, and cannot be sold in competition
with the multitude of low test, chort
weight, alum or phosphate powders.
Sold only in cins. ROTAI. BAKING Pew
deb Co., 10S Wall-st. N. Y.
Cattle branded A
on left hip and side.
low fork in left ear;
crop and split in
CATTLE AND HORSES BRANDED
nL on left hip. Also cattle branded
3TjJrne7r lilp nr !ae"al"co mttle branded,
. on left side or hip, aho branded with
a figure 2 on lilt side orhip. The car-marks
of the above brands are short crop in left
car, and ling crop in risht. Also cattle
branded with SP on left hip, and marked
cn-p in right ear, hole and split-out in left.
ROGUE RIVER DISTILLERY,
JOHN A. HANLEY, Pre.
CATON & GARRETT General Agents.
In Quantities and at
Prices to Suit.
JOHN A. HANLEY.
Jacksonville Jan. 8th 18S7.
CJty Cl&SLr Siore.
SHAVING, HAIRDRESSING 4 BATH
CUITISG AND BLEEDING CARE
C. B. ROSTEL.
Jacksonville Or., Dec 11. 1877.
OVERLAND TO CALIFORNIA
Oregon & California Railroad.
3FTHE MT. SHASTA ROUTE
Close connections made at Ashland with
stages of the California, Oregon and Idaho
C05i.T 20 Milis or SrAGrss.-V!
Time between Medford and San Francisco,
CAUroKSIA EXrKESS TKAISS DAILT,
nP'Jt fhl GmilJlrflA
CT A J
South I I Kortfi
4:00 nt Leave Portland Arrive 10:40 am
8:05 am Leave Medford Leae G:25r-M,
8.30 am ArrivcAshland Leave 5 :40 pm
Pullman Buffet Sleepers
daily between Portland and Ashland.
Siskiyous and California,
EMIGRANT SLEEPING CARS, between
Portland and Ashland, Sisdvous and
San.Trancisco, FREE OF CHARGE,
The O. & C. R.R Ferry makes connection
with all the regular trams on the East Side
Division from foot of F. street.
"West Side Division;
BETWEEN PORTLAND & CORVALLIS
MAIL TBAET DAILY(EXCErT SUKDAT.)
7:30 am Leave Portland Arrive iO:lop at
I2:25px Arrive Corvallis Leave 1 1:30 p m
EXPRESS TKAEJ DAILY (EXCEPT SOTDAY.)
40" p K f Leave Portland Arrive f 9:00 A M
8:00 P M I ATVeM'Mi'nvilleLe've 5:45 A M
At Albany and Corvallis connect
with trains. oLtlie Oregon Pacific Railroad
E. P. ROGERS,
Editob Dispatch, York, Pa: Betnga
native of York county, as well as having
been a resident thereof for several years
during the early part of my life, I re
ceive occasional letters from your section
making various inquiries about -Oregon,
of which State I have now for "Oany
years been a resident. With, your .kind
permission I will endeavor to answer
some of these inquiries in your" valuable
Journal, as there"are, doubtless, Jnany
persons beside my own personal ftfinds,
living in yoursection that would like to
hear something about this, part cf the
One of these writes: "How is the cli
mate where you live in the winter? I
had a discussion on the subject with a
gentleman inWrightsville. He said that
he had always understood that our win
ters were your wet season; but have been
informed that you had cold weather also.
It would interest me much to know air
about such matters, etc."
Another says: "In what part of Ore
go h are you ? Are you east of the moun
tain range, or between that and the
coast?" And again: "You speak of tno
rainy season there, what do you do while
it lasts? Read I suppose."
To the question, "Are you east "f the
mountain range or bs tween that and the
coast?" I said: "To an Oregonian, yonr
question betrays this fact; namely, that
you are not posted quite as well in re
gard to the physical, features of .JJncle
Sam's domain as we who live here are.
You do very well, however, for a non
resident and one wlio has had no occa
sion to make a special study of the
topographical features of this region,"
stating, however, that I would answer
said question in due time.
But at the question, "You speak?of the
rainy season there, what do yon do while
it lasts? Read I suppose," I had toj-jruile ;
for I saw that the writer quita misappre
hended the character of our rainy sea
son. I will now endeavor, as best I may,
to answer these questions. And first in
regard to the rainy season. In general
terms our rainy season correspord3 to
the winter, and the dry season to our
summer, with the spring andoh fall
months partakingof tfief characJtetjSlfrs of
both. That is to say: the rainy season
extends from December to February in
clusive, the dry seaso i from June to Sep
lembermcltisive.wilh spring months and
a short 'ime during the fall months par
taking, as I said before, of the character
istics of both; all thi3 varying much,
however, in different years. Thus some
j ears the rains begin pretty early in the
fall, in other jears they hold off quite
late; and the same is true of the spring
months; some yeara the rains cease ear
ly in the spring, in other years they hold
on quite late.
The rainy season begins therefore, I
may say with occasional rainy spe'Is in
October, or perhaps as when the rains
hold off quite late, as they did this fall
not till Nov., and gets 'fairly underway
usually sometime in Dec, and ends gen
erally in Feb. or March with occasional
showers or rainy days, or perhaps even
short rainy spells, later on.
However, during what we may regard
as the true rainy season that's to say,
December, January and February there
are are often two or three and sometimes
even four or five weeks of continuous
fine weather; and that, too, oHho finest
weather imaginable clear blue skies,
warm sun, and a few early wild flowers,
brought forth by the mild weather,
peeping above the ground. These spells
of fine weather, occurring as they do in
mid-winter, and we have them almost
every winter, are, in fact, the most
charming and delightful, part of the year.
This beautiful w either, so" often experi
enced here during the winter fccason, is,
in fact, one of the chief things that weds
all old residents sij. firmly o this coast.
Indeed, some winters (tbe terms win
ter and rainy season are ..here inter
changeable, the reader wilT remember)
there is hardly any interruption to the
plowing and other farm work, and there
are really but few days during an ordina
ry winter that one cannot work rith all
convenience at out-docr, work. It is true
we occasionally have a severe winter.have
snow and ice, which int'rts for a time
with certain kinds of work, as plowing
and seeding; but, as a general thhfg,
with the exception of some few days of
continued heavy rain, the rainy season,
or the winter as you may rfease to term
i is here a busy season of out-door
work. "We do not, of conrse, mind a lit
tle rain; and often one can work between'
the showers of even a rainy day.
So that we do not, here, in Southern
Oregon, have to hibernate during the
long months of a dismal rainy season,
stowed away in some half darkened and
gloomy apartment, miserable beings, liv
ing a dreary life, for months bt a time
without one ray of sunshine or rational
enjoyment of any kind.
Nor do we for several consecutive
months, while said rainy season lasts,
have nothing to do but sit around the
fire and crack stale jokes, or tell long
endless stories about nothing, or perhaps,
with more religious zeal, spend our time
dissecting the characters of our neigh
bors. Nor can we', even if our tastes take a
more literary turn, find exense through
abundance of rain, to sit around for
months at a time and read up in what'
subjects might interest ti3 most.
are we compelled to spend so long a
time reading in a listless sort of way
whether we want to or not, simply be
cause the weather will not give us oppor
tunity to do anything else.
We have not, I assure, my dear reader,
attempted here in Southern Oregon, to
vindicate Darwin by encouraging the de
velopment of webs between the phalan
ges of onr pedal extremities, as ye desic
cated Californian popularly supposes.
That curious f jature in the natural histo
ry of our species we have left to our more
amphibious neighbors of the Willamette
valley to cultivate: and especially to the
denizens of that delightful and aquatic
region yclept the Long Tom, where, it is
said, the good housewife may often be
seen during the rainy season, bucket on
arm, wading around the yard with a long
pole hunting for the well.
There, indeed, as we are assured on
the testimony of those reliable persons,
the early pioneers, the white people had
no sooner begun to settle in tbe country
than the boys and girls born therein
began to develop the most singular and
curious processes between the toes; which
curious processes, strangoto say, matured
into the most complete and perfect web ;
Whereby these people came to be called
webfeet, a name by which the good peo
ple of this rcigon, and, in fact, of tho
whole Willamette valley have been dis
tinguished ever since.
No, indeed. To the gentle epithet of
Tarhead, a name which the good people
of the Willamette hao seen fit td retort
upon us, we will graceially submit, but to
be called Webfeet never I
But I do not wish, my dear friends, to
accuse you of drawing sounfair a picture
of us as this; but I did think some of you
were under a little misapprehension in
regard to the character of our rainy sea
son. I do, indeed, take great pleasure in-l
reading when a rainy day or a rainy spell
occurs, and the state of my wardrobe is
not such as to compel nil to take cogni
zance of the more or less numerous infrac
tions of intf grity in those garments sub
ected most to daily wear, and to spena
my time repairing these not infrequent
rents and abrasions which various di
sa'tsrand tho constant and gradual wear
tfirougtr natural "cause havo --occasioned
and to which, I am sorry to say, said gar
ments are only too prone to be
So njuch in explanation of tho charac
ter of our rainy season. Now in regard to
itliat part of Oregon in which I lhe.
In ordjr however, that the reader may
have a better understanding of tho vari
ous localities of Oregon in general, and
of my own neighborhood in particular,
before proceeding to tell in what part of
Oregon I live, I shall make some expla
nation in regard to the various localities
When I was asked whether I lived
east of the mountain range or between
that and the coast, tho writer had refer
ence, of course, to the Cascade range, as
that is the chief mountain range in Ore
gon, and the one usually represented on
the map, the summit of which is. in the
main, parallel with, and distant from,
the coast about ISO miles.
There, is however, another great range
in Oregon nearer the coast than the Cas
cade range. 'Jtliis is the Coast range,
the western slopes of which extend quite
to the ocean throughout almost the
whole length of the state. There are
nowhere any valleys it least none of
any great extent between it and the sea.
In fact, through almost the whole extent
of Oregon, the coast is extremely rugged
and mountainous, and is, in most places,
qnito uninhabitable. The very few
settlements that are in that part of tho
state are mestly at the mouths cf the
rivers after theso have, for the most part,
broken through the mountaiiis in deep
and rugged canyons. The few excep
tions to this I will explain further 6ri.
JThe great valleys of Oregon : namely,
the Willamette, tho Umpqua, and the
Rogue River valleys, which contain with
in their limits by far the greatest part of
the arable land within tho borders of the
state, lie between these two great moun
It will not be necsary for my present
purpose to enter into any description of
the great mountain ranges of the state.
It will be necessary, however, to explain
that there are, in Oreson, two systems of
transverse ridges extending east and
west across the country intervening be
tween the two great ranges, and another
like system of transverse ridges on the
border of Oreeon ind California.
The first of these transvereTridges, tho
Calapooia mountains, separates the val
ley of the Umpqua from the Rogue
River valley; and the third, called the
Siskiyou mountains, is, as I said before,
on the border of Oregon and California.
Of these transverse ridges' the Siski
yous are much the highest. Through
the Calapooia mountains there are three
different roads, two of them being over
the ridges, and one through by what is
called the Pass creek route where there
is no ridge at all to be crossed. Throuah
the Umpqua mountains and the Rogue
River m untains, including what is call
ed locally the canyon, the Cow creek
hills, and the Grave creek hills, there is'
only one wagon road, and only one
la reasonably passible. ' ,
Of the valleys named above, lhe' 'Wit'
laraette valley is much tlie largest, being
about 50 by 150 miles in extent. It is
here popularly called Webfoot, and tho
inhabitants thereof Webfeet names
suggested by the rainy character of that
The Umpqua basin, called in a general
way the "Umpqua valley, consists of a
great number of small valleys sepaiated
from each other by various ranges of hills,
there being no one valley of any great
extent. In these valleys, however, the
soil is very fertile. The climate is delight
ful; and the whole country 's a most
beautiful ahd picturesque region iiearly
a paradise, in fact.
The Rogue River valley differs again
from either the Willamette or tho Ump
qua. AVhile there are several smaller
valleys, each having its local name, in
cluded in what is tefmed, in a general
way the Rogue River valley, there is also
one main valley which is more particular
ly spoken of as the Rogue River valley,
and which includes again some of these
smaller valleys, but of whose separate
existence apart from the main valley a
stranger, looking out over this same main
valley from anyone of the many favora
ble points along tho old stage road be
tween Jacksonville and Willow Springs,
which road here follows along the baso
of the foot hills bordering the west sido
of the valley, would not have, the least
Now, all that part of Oregon lying east
of the Cascade range is here called East
ern Oregon; that part lying west of the
Cascade rango and north of the Calapooia
mountains is called Western Oregon ;,and
thitpart west of the Cascade range 'and
south of the Calapooia mountains, is
called Southern Oregon. Southern Ore
gon does not, the reader will take notice,
include all the southern part of the Btate.
Neither docs Western Oregon include all
the western part of the state; but East
em Oregon does include all the eastern
part of the state. South-eastern.Oregon
is a term by which the southern part of
Eastern Oregon is sometimes designated.
What I have said above in regard to the
rainy season has no reference whatever
to Eastern Oregon. Owing to the great
elevation of that section above the sea,
the winters there are iron bound. Dur
ing the winter season there snow and ice
reign supreme. The climate, hewe'ver,
is dry, bra-iug and healthful. Even the
beef there, owing to (he very nutritious
character of the grasses and the purity of
the water, is of superior richness and
flavor. Theso are not highly colored
itatements made for effect, remember,
they are positive facts. Ths writer of
this resided for a considerable period in
The reader will also remember that in
the country west of the Cascade range
the further north tho more it rains and
the longer the rainy season lasts. If
the reader will now refer to a map of
Oregon, he will see that, according to
the definition given above', Jackson
county is in Southern Oregon; and any
late map will show that said county lies
wholly west of the Cascade range. Now,
therefore, since I am a resident of Jack
son county, I live in Southern Oregon and
am west of the Cascade range, but with a
very big mountain range between me
and the coast. The very few exceptions
to,the rugged and mountainous charac
ter of the coast region I will now pro
ceed to explain.
The chief exception to this mountain
ous chacter of the coast of Oregon is tj
be found in the county of Coos. This
county is separated from Douglas county
which county includes all the Ump
qua country by the Umpqua moun
tains which here become part of the
coast range. Hero on the CoqueUo riv
er and on Coos river, as well as on Coos
bay is much level and very rich bottom
land ; but tho wholo country is exceed
ingly heavily timbered. Indeed, so
heavily timbered is the country here that
the only means of communication be
tween the different paris of the settle
ment is by boat. The timber is the fin
est in the worldr It usea to be said that
when a hunter killed an elk in this re
gion, he had to cut a way through the
timber to get it out. The standing tim
ber itself is not so much in the way as
are the immense fallen logs. Another
very serious matter is that during the
winter pretly much all these bottom
lands are overflowed, so that the settler
must find Bome locality where he can
build on the spurs or bench lands of
the surrounding hills.
On Smith river in Douglas county, a
stream which flows into the Umpqua
river after the latter has debouched from
the mountains, there is also a consider
able area of heavily timbered bottom
land. Of the counties further north,
there may be in Tillamook county some
level land on the coast; but I have nev
er been in that county and cannot- speak
from any personal knowledge concern
And now something in regard to m
own immediate neighborhood and of cer
tain parts" of Jackson county and I will
bring my communication to a close. I
am living, then, I would explain, among
the foot-hills (pretty big mountains, tho
folks in York county will think them,'
and very rough and rugged withal) in a
well-watered district called Sykes creek.
This stream empties two and one-half
miles below my place, into Evans creek,
a considerable stream which receives sev
eral tributary streams in its course, and
which, flowing in a southerly ebursC, dis
charges its water into Rogue river at '
Woodville, twelve miles from my place.
Across the hills west of me, about two
miles, is another creek, called Pleasant-
creek, which is a larger stream than
Sykes creek, and which also empties into
Evans creek. This also has a tributary
stream called Ditch creek flowing In from '
the west. Below tho mouth of Pleasant
creek there is nd stream flowing into
Evfiis creek largo enough to. be-djgni- f
fied by the name of creek. Ovor tba
ridge east of mo there is another small
mountain stream called Mays creek.which
also empties into Evans creek. There is
a good trail throuch a tolorablv lmv mn
in the hills to Pleasant creek. On all
these streams mentioned here as flow
ing into Evans creek there la an nbim.
dance of the finest sugar pine and pitch
or yeuow pice, together with plenty of
red fir and white fir; white cedar and
yew also abound. There is also an
abundance of black oak and some white
oakv There are also manv othnr ' .
as tho beautiful evergreen madrona, the
mapie, the ash, the alder, tho cotton
wood, live oak, chinauaDin and drxrwrwl
each useful in its way; but as those men
tioned nrst are the most abundant,, as
well as the most useful, they aro there'
fore the most important. There is cer
tainly a fine opportunity for some one to
do well with a jiortable steam saw mill.
Owing to tho fine grazing in many
places on tho hills through whLh theso
streams course, cattle raising is the most
important industry hore at present. .
Woodville, which I have spoken of
above as being at, tho mouth of Evans
creek, is situited on the right bank of
Rogue river eight mijes below Gold Hill
and nine miles abovo Grant's Pass, each
of which is a much larger place than
Woodville. All three aro stations on the
railroad. Grant's Pass and Gold Hill
aro new towns' built since the advent of
The lower end" ol the main valley men
tioned above is a miloor so abbvo Gold
Hill. Tromthis latter place nearlv to
Grant's Pass the1 valley is quite narrow
At no placo'is there more than nne-lmll1
to three-fourths mile cf level land inter
vening between th river and tho liillsj
At some places in fact thei bUls-comST'-'
quite down to the river. If is a very
picturesque region, however: the hills-
here presenting aplea3in2 variefv in mn.
eral contour, and being quite different -
trorn what they are in Pennsylvania.
For the most part they aro rough, rugged
and steep, and not always covered with
timber as they are at the East, charac
teristics which endear them very much .
to those of us living here who are Iovera
of the beautiful and picturesque in natur-
at Fcenery. The scenery along this part
of the river is to me always a feast to the
Central Point and Jfedordare new and
thriving towns on tho railroad near the
central part of the main valley spoken of
aoove. lhe latter is at present the prin
cipal shipping point of the vallev : nnd
both are towns of considerable asfira-
tions. Their central position in th vnl.
ley, it must be admitted, is quite a feath
er in their cap3.
Still further up the valley, and also on
the railroad, is the town of Phnnnr.
where some of tbe finest flour in South
ern Oregon is made.
At the upiver (south) end of tho vallev.
near the foot of the Siskiyou mountains,
ana also on the railroad, 13 Ashland the
largest town in the valley, and, next to
Rosebnrg, the county seat of Douglas
county, the largest in So-Jthern Oregon;
.-lsmanu Boasts 0: an academy, si woolen
mill, a flour mill and a foundry. Tho
bra'id of flour made here hag long enjoy
a high reputation. And now that the rail
road officials havo decided to locate hero
their round bouse; machine shops and
eating station, Ashland" may be expected
to take its place soon a3 one of tho lead-'
ing,towns of the state.
Nestled in a littio cove at the baso of
tne foothills on the west sido of tho vaN
ley, about four miles from Central Point
aud five or six from Medford is the town
of Jacksonville, tho county seat of Jack
son county, and next to Ashland, thd
largest town fh Rogue River valley.
Jacksonville has a large steam flour mill
that does its share of the local business
It has a court house of which many coun
ties much wealthier than Jackson might
well be proud. Its schools aro among
the best in the state. Tha
view of tho valley (the main Rogue River
valley mentioned above) from almost any
point in and about Jacksonville is ex
tremely fine. Indeed, the valley, as
seen from Jacksonville, is as lovely a
view as one might find in a life time of
travel. It is worth not merely a visit ta
Jacksonville to see ; it is worth a life in
Jacksonville to enjoy. As seen front
tins place the" valley is certainly among
Jhe fairest of tho fair. If I were to maker
fany prediction I would say that the gen
erations to come in Jackson county will
bless the day that secured to tliem so fair
a comity seat
In both Jacksonville and Ashland are
many, pleasant homes in which rare and
beautiful flowers and choice shrubbery
form a very pleasing feature. -Eagle
Point and Brownsboro are smaller
towns the former with a valuable watfer
power and flour mill situated in the?
eastern part of the valley.
continued on. fourth pogfi