Oregon sentinel. (Jacksonville, Or.) 1858-1888, November 05, 1859, Image 1

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VOL. IV. NO. 42.
''lWJlPPW3lBr?:r :!' : 4 tiiK;ZIHil.BHn
PunHs'icil every Saturday, by
'AS. o'KEAtll,
Oflce over Clujrgaffo & Drum's Stables.
(its aiivaxck.)
Onu rmiv. Ono Yt nr ft 00
Ont Copy, Hlx Moulin
Due Copy, Three Mouths
:i (io
One Square, of Twelve Lines or Iom, First In-
rllon,;i vu , nnu iur rat" '"'"'i"1 "
linn SI IM.
l'rofcsslonnl or Uu'lncs CnnK laich Square,
r annum. sjM 00 : for Six Month, S15 00
tor Three Month", Sll 00.
A liberal 0lcount will 1 Maili l perrons '"
advertise t the "'Xtfiit f four niu.irc.
Tlie number of li.eritotis should Ikj marked on
the margin of udvi-rllwmcnl".
Jacksonville, Ogn.
Lewis Ziglcr, Wm. Wilkinson.
IIOTl'I., Jacksonville. O. T,
niul havo completely MlNOVATKl)
iho same hy
Refitting and Painting.
Alo, furnished
Now Beds and Bedding.
Tho IIiiii-o In now In COMl'LLTi: order to
nccommotl.ilu cwloincr. The proprietors will
ppiiro no palm Io rentb r their customer happy
nnil cotnfiirlalilu during their piny.
Having superior Conk and Stewards, with n
writ Minidlni Innlcr. tln'V are nulhnrlrcd In pay-
Inir Hint thctr TAI'LI shall lio abundantly
supplied with nil Hint Ik necessary to nitlpfy the
lale nnd fmicy nf tin- greatest ol epicures.
Jacksonville. Nov. Mil, lt.'.H. mf
book and ron
Jacksonville, Oregon,
Kvrliyvillo, Oregon.
X n largo addition tu this well known stand,
ttiuted Tit iho limiiof Kirl.ytillo, mi tlio
road to Althnii'c, Suitor Digging! nnd Crcs
cent City, solicits a share or puMIc patronage.
T3bLO Tctltole
Will nlvvnya bo furnished wtlb tho beat ilia
innrkcl ulloiils.
Sinirlu lluuma furnished nn lllx-rnl term..
joiin it. riti.NDi.ix
ICcrbys llle, Juno 20, ISVJ. Tilt
Kicculeit IHi Ntfltnw "d Dhpitcli, l Hie
To N ii 1 1 (he T I m .
Our iMorlmrnt of matin ltd l f.'-r and iaImi
Uc,iidallonlimf'ir 11 ii. OriinmMilol.in.il
Kniiry 11 Intlnir. pniiiil"',. Mini In nnniuT
Ihatwlllnnl full I" )') hiiI'I"'!!:"'. , 'A
nwnrliix'iil of l.w lli.iit.iiilinii I). "Is M Hi-k,,k,-p,
ijiimmimiii, Sul'lrim, t.MMUllon, l.lc,
nlwuyn oil Imnd. nnd lor ml' tlinip.
wmm niimii ...imi
,liMl..innlllr. Oiru
Will PMCllru III nil tin' OiurlMif tint ad Judi
cial HMrlrl. tin? Supnnw Court nfUnun, mnt
In Vnkn, C.il. i i . ,
irii.Miiuruiii'iil on mild to liiwiirlna I.-iit'l
Wttrwntu nnd collwtlnjj ilnlnw ulti H'
t rnmi'iil. '-' v
Altoiiit,' mill I'niiinrlm' nl l.uv, mill
M'lll ..nMm lii lint tiirlnll Ciilllli (if l!.l Tip
rltiir. nnd pff-i'litlv iittend l ll" rollittltm of
clnliii iii.-.iliit ll.! 1'nltiil Sliili--, llmmjsli nn
rnioli'iil nip'tii ri-niniiiK ni u-uui.vii.
In Kup-nu City, l.nno Coiitiiy,
Apiilegatc C0t'U,O. T.
ri'lH'. nmUT-lgnnl Mim Id Infoim liln frlcndi
X nnd tliu truvrlliisf pild!e Hint. li.Mlnp; Ini
nnivi ! iIumiIiom' Iliiicli.lli.iir-ivnvlx'tni'Cii Kir-
liy vlllo nnd Jnikpontlllv. Inriinrly known n
llnrknt'll mncli,) .mil in ultf nrranucnu'in ii
ii family to take I'li'irjji! of tin- liuti'V, lie l now
pri-pnml Io nreniiiinmlali1 nil wliom.iy patron-
ua lilin, In Ilia my iipI pi)t.
Will at all llmut 1") piipldiid wUIi the lot tho
mnrki't niroid; nnd cnuihlliid with Kod
Mtablin?. ZZny and Grnin,
mid n cnrvful lioltcr In attendance, ho Impe to
merit n fharc of p'lUIc pitnimiKK.
U i-i 1 1 lipiiu
ly I'roprlilor.
Tho hearth In twept, the Dro It trlglit,
Tho kettle tings Tor tea;
Tho cloth U spread, tho lamp Ii light,
Tho muflliis emoko In nnpkln.i white,
And now I wait for tliec.
Come home, lore, come, thy tak ! dono
Tho clock licks llptculngly ;
Tho Ulndi arc phut, tho curtain down,
Tho nrm-chnlr to tho flrcpldo drawn,
Tho hoy la on my kuce.
Coma home, love, como J hla deep fond cyo
Look round him ltru1ty )
And when tho whltptrlnt; wlmh go hy,
And If thy welcomo ttcpj were nlgli,
lie crowa cxultlngly.
In vain ho flndi the welcomo vain,
And turn hla glancu on initio
So enrneptly that yut ngnln
Ills form unto my heart I ttralu,
That glancu la to tlko thine.
Thy taU Ii dune, wo mt thee hero ;
WheruVr thy fuolptcpi ro.im.
No heart will pp'.nd piicIi kindly cheer,
No tA-nllng heart, no lUtculnjt car,
I.lku tlio4a who wait thco home.
Ah, now along tho croM-wulk fust
The wcll'knonn step ilitU com?,
Tho bolt is drawn, tho gnto Is pat,
The hoy la wild with Joy at Ut
A thouand welcomes homo!
HA.? i recti d n Ni-w and Coimiiod'oii Tnv
iru .jt.iud At Iho Houlli Uud or tho Ul),'
DOL'dl.AS t'OU.NTV, O. T.,
Wlnro l.e l pri'iured to pniinimml ito the pulp-
Ko In goml pljle. Tim Imii: nsideiiciiiir the
liroii'IeiiT nl ifi! point preclude thoni,cirlly
of Piijlnjuiui '
His Table
will loa will fnriilihiil in the country nlfurili'.
Ispuppltnl ;ili llnyiu.d liiiilulii nlmiid.iiicis
i.l... .1. ii ill Iij iutrllfiil.it' utU'Ulliiu.
i;iiy ultiiillon im'iI to u li'h r thu-owhoi'.ill
- T . . .'.hi i.iir
Important to Sottlors Land Patents.
Sfu'v Ur.xi.'i OrfiuK, 1
Sai.v.m, Oo'.v, Oct. Bill. 1810. f
I'Vc(ueut inipilry la nude nt tlila odlco for
lutid l'nleiita; unit whynettleH wlioi clulmi
have been nurvcyiil four or live ycarf, havu not
received their i'utcnl'.
die following cxtntcta Irnm letter nf tho
ComiulHlouer of tins Oeucrul Liud OlHiv, to
thu Surveyor (lonernl of Otvitnn. may throw
some light upon the nuliject. In ono licnrlni;
date thu I'd day of Muy last, lie say : " It it
lU'cw.iry tiiai piuli miowiu the Donation
ClnliiH under tho net nl 18." I) j mid Iho mljolii'
ln fracllom uud nubilivUloiii of the puulir
land In iho 'IWmlilp caun.il liy thoo cl.ilm,
tlioitld bo furnMieil to this nllleo ni ipecdily o
pollute, luonler tocTpiililu this InialiieK,
you nro reipiesteil to iurorin Iho clalinniiti by
pedal notice, nl tho inMIly of iK-rfeelln;(
their clulim ' vc. t "m t u (im.til Dumber
Inn licen rwclvnl ut thU ollleo thereby cm
lug dclny In the UfM of I'lttciit., unj trouble
to tho cl.ilnr.iuil. "
Nnr Ii this III! (lrt lixtaneo of m iklnz this
matter tho ilbjeet of InitrurlloiH IVom thu
uoramiK.oncr i m enny its tno '.miii. or .i.ni'i i-
rr, ioniii.v mim uf mis oniw, iini ' tne
old saltier cannot p'rmittiil by Ihvlr lacii-s,
In tliu nutter of their fin-cl.il surveiv, In mli-
ji'ct tliu community to nil Iho cmliirr.mm.'MU
cun'oiinoiii iiiercnii. ii ueu mo nam iiie-mi
every Instance, for a completo return bv tlio
lirst any oi iicccmucr ucxi; nnu inoso weim-
lies to nincii re:crcuco ins ucin mane, ns oc
Inff In default, I havo no doubt will find il ton
valient to complcto tho liuslncss In their hands
by the tenth day of November next.
In my Circular, of tho Cth day of July last,
tlicro is no inuinanou mat claims, taken by
lejjtil subdivisions, must bo surveyed If, in
progressing with this unfinished business, I
shall haiipen to have notlfiexl some who do not
desire a survey, or may not be entitled to one,
because of haviwr sctued beforo tho ucnernl
surveys, such persons ought not to bo oltcndoil !
such notice can do them no harm. Tlicro tiro
some cases however, wlercln claimants have
supposed that n truct ten chains wide, and
forty chains long, would bu it legal subdi
vision, and Iiav'o so uJliBed) bnt- tlM-Com-
inlMioncr orthe UcD..nl K'liid Ollleo lias un
ipiallllnlly prohlblteil tnch being so rcganleil,
nnd declared that " th rnmllest h'gul subdivis
ion which Is ksucrplilln of being descrlbcil
by Its relative positlcn In n Township and
section, is io acres ni --'u chains square," or
tho fraction of such -10 acres, mode so by a
surveyed claim.
In looking over the sbtlracts or notification,
observing coses where tho claimant had sup
posed ho could taka a "40'' ten chains wide,
and 10 chains long and had notifliil as such
by a legal sulKlivision, I havo caused such
claimants to lw nolllleil In order that, If the
ditto of his settlement would permit, he might
have a survcr, and perhaps save II) or in.iro
acres of Innil by It but If In such cases ho
should still claim by le-al rubdlvlslon', or, for
nnr reason satisfactory to himself, ileclino tn
survey, I havo noMilitg further to do with his
enso than to hasten tlio adjoining surveys, so
that not only himself, butnls neighbors m ly
bo nb!o tn get their Patent Certificate).
There aro many clalnn, tlio surreys of which
havo been returned tn iho Iteslstrrnnd deceiv
er, nt Oregon City, mid havo lain tlicro for
years, without any Ccrtillctlo ha ing isucil
In such cases, nf course no I'atcnts can bo ex
pected to havo Issued ; tliou'h for this delay
it Is certain that tha present Incumlieiits nro
not responsible j they have only been In nllleo
n short time, and I nm free to believe that In
duo tlmo they will prova themselves worthy of
1'fw persons, I apprehend, know tlio trne
roudltlon of their claim nnttcrs, exrept that
n survey has been had n great whllu since,
mid think It time tn receive their Patents.
Inasmuch, therefore, ns ono or two imlilln
Journals havo conceived It to Im their duly.
not only to ntiriiniio to nm unworthy motives
In having taken prompt measure to bring up
this unfinished business, but to dissuade claim
unts from a lliml rurvry, and ull, too, in the
faeoofthc eontlnual clTort, for four nr live
years, on the part ol the ('oinmltslouer tu get
thu business nf thu Surveyor (Jener.il's mid
ItenUtcr'H (inlet's into n condition fur th l"io
of I'iitcnts, I have deemed it my duty ns it
public: officer, to plncis Ihew mitten liefurv
the clilm.mt i and !, it Is my duly to In
form tl.em, that I nm nt nil tlm s ready In
aai-fiti vwy ip.itv HeVri'. na.in
uieir iiiiv, n hi."
(Ji-il nl .tlio lt.rur&ia!Mi !s-.-v
Iho Ciiii.lilnm or iin'Mfi i
ther nl lids, or thu I! glptcr'imttirvs nnd Ullers
of liu'ilry nddri'sieil to this dllhv, upon that
siibK-t, will m.vt with luimnliiitu nttentlon,
while no tlmo imr pa.m siinll Im pp.iri.-il, hi
Ili) Islnii, Siiik"ii n'"1 Arnmliir,
liickkoiivilU', Oregon.
Office, on California tlntl, mvoiuI door fiom
the Tin rliop.
The l.ir,'it mid Ik'pI nleellon or Drugs mid
l'ateiit Mullelues cniiPtantly nil hand. Wml
Allurnry anil CiiiiiiMHor ul Loss-, mill
for IH. On K'. 'M
Attorney & Counsellor ut J-mv,
Jackson vim.k, Obiwhx.
Collections, mid nil professional buslmss
promptly atleimea io.
Jul U.iiiis lllr, ill i kii.
Omcc.it(lio''JiiiUponIIU' Dnm Store," north
Me or Calllorulii ptnet, llilid door aliovo tho
Union lloii-e.
July 3, 1M8. g3lf
I'oiiifurl.iMo and tut illid.
HAS Tmlid New llullilliiri and rtfltUU the
old taieriistaud at
CJU.2V".BSL-T6'J1.3L'B '
noiitii knii or Tin: oaxyon,
I lunglss County, O. T.
Wlierv ln I nn-niriil In neeonunoilate the Trav
eling 1'iilillc III giwl Ptjle.
Will I-) us will fundi hoi ns tiny In Oregon.
Tho Btablo
la large, tii'.d will piiipl!il wltli slny nm firMn.
Paitlml.ir iitlentloil nld Io iiullunls.
O-Kiirvuttentli'it pild to those who may
lavor him with call. "M Itf
Fiivk's jUhstauiiaxt.
noii:iit'ii, oitKuuv.
A 1'INK Im oiienid nnd will
il. klip a llrrt-chus Itcslauraut,
.'lulu ftrct't, Hoseliuig, Ogn.
lliMnllns bv lliowiik, nnd meals piritil nt
nil hours, to mil cutlomtr. The Itcslauraut Is
coiiuwliil ulth
y. sroocl Stnblo,
where tra villi rs can Ik) uccouimoilaU-d with
goml hnrro Iced, uud pueh ns nro iIIpiiomi! tn
give us n call run Ih fiiinUh(d wllliCOOD
UKD.S. arrautiil clean mid comt'ortalile.
ltnsibiirg, August 1., IMtf. Itlyl
V. W. ClIAI'JlMf.
xaroi'.A.xv'E" ixtiixjIO
l.-ur Jut ksuii I'ouiil)-, Oii;j.iii.
Deeds, Mortgages, Powers of Attorney, etc.
drawn up, mid Conveyauelug generally piompt
I w m iwll t Jtil.
Olllce.ut thu llxpresa Ofllce, JncksT.vlllo. 9tf
Ooi'valllw, srx-oisoxi.
Will in. ilIIcu lu all thu Couttsof tho State,
nnd ntt.-nd piomptly to nil buolness entriutcd to
His cure. iii
i.. r.
anrlivuiis lllr, Orrito".
Is prejiind tu lake Plcturm In eicry stjlonf
IUU an. Willi an inu linen iiuiiioiiiiii-iiia. ii
iln not clvosallfaellon.no charges will ho made,
Cull nt l-'iiiikV Cigar Store, or nt tho Uullciy on
thu Hill, mul h'O hl Pictures, iltr
J. II, I'.l'.EI),
. JnekMuivllle.
A 1 1 o r ii y a at U a w ,
Will attend to any business coulMcd to lliem In
thu several Courla or Iho l-'irst Judicial District
orOiegou, and In tho Supremo Court.
September 8, IMlh 3ltf
Superintendent of Common SJtools,
TaTH.I, 1! nt his nniro In Keihy Wile, ut tlio
UV ... ... .. ... . .1
TV OIUCU or 1110 (Altllily O'K'IK.IHI
Saturday or each uiouih. UduK
tho Hlbl
dton Aiin which tiiom) owing
tlPAVivUv's iis uro rcqucsti.ll to rulsu
ns fooii
possible. "Mvcry littlo hilps."
.M.CJ(i iV 1UVIO
Alin.lllAU IlKlillKN,
Attorneys at I n v ,
Having nsi-oclntnl tlieniK'hes together In tho
Prnctleo or l.uw lu Josephlua County, Oregon,
will attend to miy busliiis entrusted to their
i-aru iiui eouuiy,
Septcmlier B, 1WJ. 31tf
Law and Collection Office.
ut:o. ii. wm.i t imi. x c. uimis
(latu Chief Justice.)
t'ortlniiil. Oregon.
Will pructleo In tho C'ouitsof Oregon and
Wellington Tel rllo'Ies.
No ember, 18.-.8. 22tfcC
AVilliuiuslJuig, JoscoliJue Co.
OIT-T.U3 his Bcrvlccs to tho citizens of Wll
Itninsburgi Apptegalu mid Wclully, In Iho
practlco of
- Mftlitint, Surgery nnd Obstetrici.
T Ollleo at Savngu'n Hotel.
Willi uiubiirg, Oclober 1st, t819. 37tr
Oltlve at lUrl llle, Ore'ou, lf
.September, 1WU, eonfirs on the !d settlers, I putting iho bm!mis nf Iho nllleo In u condition
us a t;ie(inl pnnUgt,lw right to mike his tu udm'l of the iisuouf I'iitcnts.
KMis'irrry, In eusis where hu e.imi it reiluee
hit claims within tho legal sub divisions, It Is
bv no means liiteudnl that that very privilege
In Ids favor, Is to operate us n disadvantage to
other of the community, fin far from pueh
cuuctpicnec. the law iihin'utcly Intends noth
ing vNr than that the claim shall absolutely Im
survcjttl within ii rcuioniblu time; and such is
the cousirnciiiin which must govern your
net Ion In such ruses.
" Vim are, therefore, requested to Issua n
printed iiotitc. duly exnlauatnry, mid couched
lu forcible terms, sett' ig forth Iho intention of
tho net nf Congress, and tho construction tmt
upon It ut tho lK'jiarluHiit ; nnd stating tliat
their unreasonable delay, in causing their
special Mirvey to Im undo, will be ut their
own peril, vc." In pursunuro of thu latter
Instructions, notico wus issucn, mm very many
of tho settlers nvaili.il themselves of tho earli
est upnoi (unity to kubmlt their claims to sur
vcr, uud who, together with those whoso
claims had been surveyed beloro this thm1,
should have received their Pattnis. In his
Annual report nf 1 85(1, my predecessor siys :
" In order to rxmdito tliecomplitlon of claim-
maps or ToiMiships, to bj 1'ornanUil to thu
Commissioner oi me iiener.u winn uiuee, it
would bo well to empower this ollkv. to say
uulhoritutively ton'tllen. that they mint make
their rcnucst for surveys within a given number
of days.ulUT the expiration ol their four year's
re.siiiince mm cuiuvuiion ; oincrvviso,u tit-puiy
vvill bo commissioned to innlio iho neivosirv
surveys without delay, und ut their expense y'
and uguiu in h!s report of 18.'t7, ho iayst
" I ho completion ol claim maps to bo rorwani
cd to tho Commissioner of thu Ocneriil Iind
OfllN.nml tho lteglslcrs, is rclurded i Su-
perlntiudeiitsof Schools cannot iiuko sale of
school lauds contiguous to uiisurveynl claims ;
nor can thu Registers arrive nl a Knowledge of
tho ureas of bneli tracts tu ucconuuod.itu pre
cinitiouUts ; mid from tho same cause, tho re
cently advertised sales ol tho public lauds can
not bo inado in this Territory."
Tl.o .Surveyor General ut Washington Ter
ritory, in his Annual report of 18.'id. calls thu
attention of tho Commissioner of tho General
I .ami Ollkv, to the necessity ol soma Jz-gUla-lion,
by which to compel hettlers to make a
request for Iho survey of their claims.
The great body of tlio early settlers have had
their claims surveyed ; uud even amongst thoso
remaining umurvcyed when I cniuo Into olllce,
(from seven to ten hundred, in tho State,) very
lew. Indeed havu hhowu any reluctance to at
tend to this matter ; but on tlioeoiilrary.have
bet n wulllug hiixIoiipIv for n Una! survey, In
thu completion of which, every claimant with
in Townships, whero there uro any claims re
maining' tu be surveyed, is deeply Interested.
Whllo tho causes beforu mentioned havo
unrated incidentally, there uro other causes
operating directly to prevent the issue of
Patents. Somu claims havo been surveyed,
and the pluls not prepared for thu Registers ;
of others, the Held notes havo remained for
years, without luviiu been corrected bv Der
uly Biirvciors, though they have long since
received their pay for doing tho work, lu
some cases, though the claims have been sur
veyed four or Dvo years, tho field-notes havo
remained iu the hands of tho deputy until tho
present time; uud 1 huvo Just learoed that a
deputy who surveyed some fifty claims lu
Polk county, over llvu years since, uud who
has fulled to correct his vvoil; and return his
notes, Is now nlioul tu Icavo for tho Atlantic
States on u visit. Patent certificates cauuut
Issue for those claims, (muili less Patents,!
until u icmedy Is applied, It Is worse than
useless to have claims surveyeJ, aud thcu per
mit tho deputy to trifle with tho bulsucss, fur
the completion of whiclu in most cases ho has
leceivid his pay in liuid, In the contracts tuwt cipawlvn !
a h- ' '
which 1 ImVv?I, bjuJj Luvu l
...it iiiuen in
Wiivt (li:st:uti. Tavlok kaih at Hik.v.v
Visrv i.-s ltnri.v to S.vr.s An:, v. Tl.o Idler
published In the HtrM, of tho Till of August
lust, verifying ihu facts of history lu thi- In
stance of ihu mnnorable orders ol IJi in-.il Tay
lor to Ciipialu llrag'-, at iho battle or lliieua
Vlstn, Is corntt iu every particular, ns those
who wcie iicq'iaiutcii nun mat nrave nut
rough mid uiull'.'ettil old mMier will li'stify.
Tho fact Is there is tim strong u teuiK'iiey mi
the part of writers generally to present ilistlu
guishoil men not us tiny really urv, but ns ihev
would havo them. The imtuucu rvferui! tu I
u proof of this, and we might enumerate many
otlicrs iibmit Washington uud other great men.
in which the facts of history uru sadly mangled
mid distorted in tho droit to show that thev
had honour thoso littlo Imperfections which
prove that they were men uud not uugels, ns
their biographers would have us believe.
Now. m I have n litllu respect for historical
accuracy in such matters, I will tuku thu liber
ty oi cui reeling nuoii.er iiiiiiiiku vviiiiii lias
been made in regard to O.'d ack, uu.l bv
which ho is undo the author of a dUpatch hu
never wrote. I rclato tho circumstance m It
was told by a iierson who was present, nnd
the language which was really u-ej. lL'foru
tho battle of lluena Vista, when Taylor's cul
lant llt'.lu uriny was t arrouudeil by a forcu of
tivo or six tlniv'J its number, mid its utter nn-
nlhllatloii upKMrctl certain at least to thoio
who knew nothing of tho material of which It
wns nudu up Ueiienil Santa Anna H'lit one
of his aids to suiumoii tho old veteran to sur
render, nnd to rrprtrciit to him the folly ol
entering upon a conflict that must end lu the
ulter defeat of tho Arurleiins, Tho summons
to surrender was retried by Colonel Hllsa,
who. when ho had translated It to Old Zack,
asked what reply ho should make.
"Tell him," said iho General, In his usual
prompt mid cuiphitlc manner "tell htm to
go to II 11."
Colonel llliss asked him If ho should scud
that reply.
" l't mo see. IS or replied tho old man,
' t.y I'd sea him d-d llrst."
Colonel HINs. who was thoroughly posted
up iu tho etiquette of the t-iimp, thereupon
wrote the tll-patih which has been credited tu
his commander, and which has to tho cireet
that the summons had b'en duly received aud
General Taylor declined acceding thereto.
Corrnpoiidtnct AV w York llerald.
Tim State or Kaxsas. Vurious stnte
liicnts aro made as to tho breadth of Kansas,
under tho Wyandot Constitution. We give tho
distance, from various points nu thu Missouri
river to tho'10'2 (2.Mh from Wushlngtou) west
meridian of longitudw', which is mado the west
cm boundary of tho new Statu :
From tho .Missouri river, where tho 10th
parallel or latitude (iho boundary lino of Kan
sas mid Nebraska) crosses tho same, to the
proposed western boundary, Is MO miles.
1- rom Klwood to tho same, 370 miles.
Prom Atchison, 3(10 miles.
Prom Itcuvenworth, UTU miles.
From 'Wyandot, 398 miles.
From thu Missouri Statu line, westward, on
the llilh parallel of latltudu (Iho sauth bound
ary of Kansas), to tho 25th Meridiau west
longitude, 412 uillos.
This would make tha mean distunco, cast
and west, of tho new State, 381 miles.
Tho width north nnd nouth of tho Stnto is
three degrees, or 207 geographical miles.
Wo think a State 381 miles In length, by
neatly 208 in breadth, uud containing until
fertile plains and Ucm In vullors as Kansas.
should ho largo and rich enough to suit thu
I --n lA,,l,U
jl hi even a nr...,.. ......
erat. IrCiii'MieaiA 7'iim,
Tho First State Prisoner.
nv ouant TiiotiNDi-nx.
1 lauded In New York, .Tnno 178 1, by trade
a rough tiallmakcr, in tho twenty-second year
of my nge. In October following, (at that
tlmo the park was out of town, nnd only fifty
thouiand inhabitants.) with ten thousand fools,
soma bigger and smaller than myself, we stood
wAtchln;; tho vibrations of thu ropo uud Iron
hook during two long hours. Then the sheriff
stood on thu scaffold and read a reprieve. I
confess I wns much disappointed 1 expected
to tee u hanging but no hanging was there.
1 lio nnu wns iSoah unrilucr. lie Kepi n
large shoo store In New York. Ho committed
rorgcry, which nt that tlmo wns death, by the
Jaws oCHkmq UnlUd .SlaU.'.TbuHtat0 Prison
or .uw l orli was tu ihu courre oi erection in
this time ; this was the first erected In the
world for reform, Instead of Imiiglng. The So
ciety of l-'rlcnds were the chlei promoters of
this humane system. One room in tho prison
wns nearly ready to receive criminals. Thu
Friends procured from Iho Governor a commu
tation from death to Stale prison for life.
lleiug n shoemaker I17 trade, they gave him
a stool, wax, lasts nnd nwls, nnd hero com
menced the Stnto prison shoo miuufactorv,
Next court, six vagabonds were sent to keep
htm company, whom ho learned tn make shoes.
I visited the prison thai! years nrter this. In
ono large room sat three hundred shoemakers.
Nnh wns pnivwt marslnl, walking through
the ranks with n cum iu hind, punishing evil
doers, and praising them that did well. Seven
years having passed over him, the Friends wait
ed on thu Governor. "Friend," said they,
oven viiir.s mro vim would havo hun this man
now hero is u reformed member saved to so
I Io received nn unconditional pardon, and
enmo out. Tho friends found him a store on
lVarl-st,. found him money, endorsed his paper,
and gnvu him their custom. Immediately ho
wm In a thriving way. He Joined tho Society
or Friends, mid said they nnd thou with the
liest or them. Ilu had 11 wife, and children ar
rived ut maturity.
I lis Journeymen worn chlelly men ol fimily,
nnd w rought nt their own hoiu w. One day he
L'uvu to a in in n Pair of b.iots. "Now fri nil,"
nam lie, "linn nrisi tiring tiuurj iiuw; uuois on
Ihc evening of thu fiiurlh day." Buys lie, "You
shall have them."
The bouts did not corns home until tho even
Ina of tho llfih day. Noah was wroth. Hu
gavu thu 1111:1 11 long lecture on Ihu evils of dis
appointment uud want of punctuality. When
no ilrew up to iirci'iif, ine in 111 repueii:
"Sir, I urn 11 poor in m havo three children
the yiiun.'est lorly-elijht hours old. I had
to atlt 11 1 to my wire mid cook for my children.
It was not lu 'my power to llulsli the boots
Nn.ili still cntitln.icd to magnify the horrors
nrdlsapiioliitm -nt. The nun grew angry, the
Scotch bWl boiled In his veim ho struck
th counter with h'. clenched flit likj u uletlge
hamui -r, nnd uiiivvenil :
. "I '..uoii'lt I.mi ti'-rlb'.o t'i'ii' tobtsdlsnri.
p.llntcil. 1 mn inn t gumg up Tu um rnr fo
s.u yu'i huiu, uud I n.'tcr v.us so disappointed
lu my life us when 1 saw tho reprieve.
N iw, this w.t.1 11 kuoekilowii argument, ns
1111 Irishman would say. It was 11 nno In
p'llut, ns they would wy iu court, nnd it fact
Ii 'vond till coulruversy.ns t li.y say lu (oiurt-ss.
Noah was ihiinb, hu niii-iieil not his mouth.
I lu gnvu the man uuollier p,nr to make,
Im in Ms emiiloyiui'iit. Ire.itol him kindly,
but. us the mm -oiid. he tii'vvr heard the word
illsaiipilntniiiit l.ill from his lips tli.-reafter.
Nri'i went nu priiierlng uud to prosper.
One day he borrowtil various sunn of money,
und 0btulu.1l 11 number ifeuitors.'iiieuts. The
bills ho t-haii.'iil for gold ; the endorsements he
gnt shaved 1 1 Wall rtr.vt. That iii-ht he was
olf for pirts unknown, taking with him u dear
sister, ihu wlfu nfn young friend, to cheer him
on the way. The story Is true tn tha letter,
und h.'iug Iho first subject of State prison re
form, thu day dreamer nf thu present tlmo may
iH't'le thu question, whether hanging or Stale
prison reform ts mo surest wuy 01 curing u
villi.in. His family nnd friends never heard
from htm.
Tin: rjinciT Ni:wmu'i:ii. The Loudon
Timti tievvsp.ijijr i-slablUhment Is ahead of the
vviirld In thu Intro luetliMi or modern Improve
ments in tho art of prlnllii'. Hy thu follow
ing, which is taken-from tho correspondence of
thu Hoclu-sler lltmotrat, It will lie seen that
this mammoth concern prints the Times dally
upon itervotyno plates :
"One ol the most Interesting nnd novel de
partments of tho establishment, is that in
which the stereotyping process Is carried on.
You know, perhaps already, that every num
ber of the 'iiwri is printed from stcrcotyiKt
plates, thus saving 11 great part of tho wear
uuil le.tr or tlio typo, iho stcreoiyiw pi.nu is
iiikcii 1 nun inu -lortit 111 iiireu minim- uf u
new process, Invented by a Swiss, und known
only to him. A thin layer of soft uud damp
papier macho llrt receives thu Impression of
thu style, and ufter It has been haidoicd by thu
application of heat, tho melted lead Is poured
011, which Is to form the stcreotyio plate. Tho
papier macho has the power of resisting thu
net Ion of the melted lead, und como out of tho
fiery trial uninjured, nnd ulmost uiiscorehetl.
Thu plutcs are remcltcd every .lay after tho is
sue of thu day is printed from them, mid thu
waste of type metal Ii 0111 day to day is very
slight. IW this pDwer of multiplying tho num
ber of forms from which tho famo sldo of thu
paper can bo printed, Iho 7Vir 1 can usu three
or four presses nt once, nnd thus print Its .10.000
copies on nu emergency, In two hours time. The
7'ii)ir employs In its establishment 3.10 jwrsons.
has cl-'hteen reporters at the 1 Inu-cs or Parlia
ment, und for these, ns well as thu majority of
Its compositors, the wonting hours are ine
night hours exclusively. It owns four cabs,
vvh eh are employed solely Iu carrying repor
ters and reports at night to and ho between
Printing llouso Squaro and tho Palace at
Westminster. Tho leporters relieve each other
at tho llouso every quarter hour, and thus
though the debate lu the Commons lasts till 4
o'clock Iu the morning, the 7'ms gives It In
full by sunrise, though it corers two whole
pages of the Journal."
As UNKxriTKO Cmmax. Speaking of tho
tendency of temperancu orators to nut them
selves forward us previous examples of tho
blighting cuccts of drink, an exchange says :
" My friends, throe months ago, 1 signed tho
pledge. (Clapping of hands and approving
cheers.) In u mouth afterward, my friends,
I had a kovering In my pocket, a thing I never
had before, (Clapping uud loud cheers.) In
another month, my friends, I had a gootl coat
on my bacif, a tiling 1 never nail lutore.
t Cheers and clapping of hands much louder.)
A fortnight alter that, tnv friends. I bought a
coffin !' Tho nudianeo was going to cheer
here, but stopped uud looked serious. " 1 011
wonder," continued tho speaRer, " why 1 bought
a cofllu. Well, uiv friends, 1 bought tho coffin
ihiuqI felt pretty eertaluf I kept tho pledge
aujlhvr fortnight, I should vvaut one."
Patrick Honry.
It lias been common to suppose that Patrick
Henry, " the naturul orator," ns ho Is popu
larly called, was very slightly, If at all, Indebt
ed lor his wonderful eloquence to thoso sources
of mental culture which nro hold In highest es
teem, ns at onco tho models of taste and tho In
struments or learning. It seems, however,
that this opinion is unfounded, and that the
American iletnosthencs Is nu cxeepttou to the
great law which affirms that " tha gods give
nothing to men without labor." From nu In
teresting nnd instructive oration delivered by
Mr. Hugh Ulnlr Grlgsby, before tho students
of William nnd Mary College, 011 tho Fourth
of July last, we clto the following statement In
reference to tho literary stylo mm curly classi
cal proficiency of Patrick Henry 1
Onaliutaiicaof Iho application of philo
logy to tha history of Virginia, Is within my
own experience, niul may not 00 w llhout inter
est, to tho students or William and Mary.
From a critical examination of tha fragments
of tha speeches and writings of Patrick Henry
which havo como down to us, and by a careful
collation of them with thusu of prominent con
temporaries, I was convinced that our Patriot
Prophet had received regular and thorough
training in tho Latin classics, and that he hail
received that training In curly life. There wns
to bo seen In his stylo a ' niriovi fdicitin' and
a ' tttUiddjiinctura,' 11 purify uud 11 tact which
could not lie tho result of chance, or they
would have been equally apparent In tha works
of his rivals ntul it was evident, so finely
were llieso characteristics Interwoven In the
general texture of his style, that hu must have
studied tho ancient uitihors in curly lift1) as
such results rarely appear so conplciiouly iu
tha productions of those who become acquaint
ed with thu classics nt a more advanced ugc.
This was O10 argument of Internal evidence
an argument which was satisfactory to me, but
which, without mi infinitely mlnuto exposition
of details that nona but ti philologist could
comprehend, would not bu conclusive to others.
It would thus be regarded rather as nu opinion
than 11 demonstration ; nnd must, therefore,
sustain my conclusion, for tha benefit of the
others, from the facts uf Henry's early life.
" Ills father was u teacher und a native of
.Scotland, iin.1 he was uiliitiiteil lu that country
when l.itln was taught with substantial skill,
but in tnv vtnr.s before the sun nf Greek liter-
nturu had rU-ti in the Scottish horizon. Now,
thu Seolh tench Latin ut Ihu tcudcrcst ago.
1 11111 myself of Scottish ileicenl 011 thu mater
nal ride, nnd was taught by Scottish teachers,
and 1 nm hardly remember 11 lime when I
could not reud l.itln, or at least when I was
not familiar with tho grmumer. Hut the father
of I lenry was not only 11 teacher and 11 Scotch
linn, hut hu was 1111 ndmlmhlu l.itln tchnlar;
for wu uro told iu thu diary nf Samiiol Davis,
hlmk'lf 11 this scholar, tint thu father of Henry
was hnru familiar with his Horace than with
his lllble. Hence the conclusion was Irresist
ible that. If tho father of llenrv t night Ills
p.iplis the comics, hu would, llku the rest of
inn co.iuiryuieit, ic.ieu itieui vany ; mm, m nu
vvus prnvid to havo been thoroughly skilled In
th -nt thai If haitaiu1ilwi s'iIMa ii nf fctlirr
p.'opTu Latin, he would at tho a.imi lima teach
It's own. This was the argument from prohi-
billty, which 1 did not ii-evd to enhance my
own conviction, but which might be necessary
to gain thu assent of otlurs. Here. then, vvus
11 l.tet neortnlueil lu tho life nf Patrick Henry,
which was not only not known, hut which run
counter to the opinions und statements of all
nts coicmpornrics aim umgrupiicrs. nut was
my opinion true, after all It was strictly true
In liulti resiiccls, that our great orator had
tear lie, I tho J-itin classics, und that hu had
learned them In early life ; for in the recently
puuifshetl iliary 01 John Attains, umler the
date of September, 1771, wu havo It from the
Up, or Henry himself, that Uoit fifteen he had
re.i't Yirgnuti'i i.ivv u ii.-grea 01 proticieucy
which, cviu In this day. except under favorable
umpire's, is rarely attained ut so early an uge 1
lor, iieiwccn me grammar mm i.ivy, us was
Crowded Sleeping Bad Ventilation.
Few nconlo seem to bo nwnre of tho sorlous
evils resulting from tho crowding of ncvcrnl
children into tiicsama licit, the steeping 01
healthy persons with those having organic
diseases, such as consumption, etc.. etc., or tho
sleeping of young pcoplo with those of tul-
vnuceii ages. i e iiccra It our iiuiy, increiore,
to publish tho follow Imr warning from Hull's
Journal of Health, and to commend It to the
csiccial attention of all heads of families, prin
cipals 01 uoaruing scuoois, cic. 1
If n. man were to sec a quarter of an Inch of
worm put In his cup of eoflec, ho could not
drink ft, because ho knows that tho whole cup
would bo Impregnated. II very small amount
of somo virulent poison bu Introduced Into u
glass of water, thu drinking of It might not
product Instant death, but that would not
prove inai 11 was nut nuruui nniy inai mcra
was not cuouah of it to cause a destructive re
sult immediately.
u 0 sicKcn nl mo thought 01 tailing 1110
breath of another tha moment It leaves the
month, but that breath mingles with the air
about tho bed In which two persons lie and
It it re-brcalhcl, but not the less olTenslvo Is It
In reality on account or thu dilution, except
that it Is not taken in Its concentrated form,
but each breath nukes It more concentrated.
Ono sleeper corrupts thq atmosphere nf the
room by his own breathing, but when two per
sons nro breathing nt tho samu time, twelve or
rourtecn times in each minute, each minute ex
tracting all the nutriment from n gallon of air,
the deterioration must bo rapid Inlecil, us-K-ela1ly
iu a small und close room. A bird
cannot live without a largo supply of pure air.
A canary bird hung up in n curtained bed
stead where two persons slept, died before
Many Infants aro found dead In bed, and It
Is attributed to having been overlaid by thu
parents : but the idea that any person could
lia still for a moment on n baby, or unv thing
else of thu same size, Is nbiuril. Death was
cuimci! by want of pure nlr.
Ileshles, emanations, rcrlal nnd mare or leu
solid, are thrown out from evety person
thrown out by the process of nature, becnuso
no longer fit for life purposes, becauso they
are dead and corrupt but If breathed Into
another living body, It Is Just as abhorrent u
If we took into our mouths the matter of a
urn 111- nnv other nvprelton.
.... -. . . .. ...,.,. 1 ....t.i r..
I no most ueiirucuvu typiioui nnu puiriu iu
vers nru knoivn to arise directly from a num
ber of persons living In the satno small room.
Those who can ullbrd it should, therefore,
arrange to hate each incmlier of the lumlly
sleep In a separate bed. If persons must slei p
lu the s.inu led they should lie about tho snnu
ago, and In good health. If thu health bu
much unequal, both will sillier, but the healthier
one the inest tho Invalid suffering fur want
of entirely pure air.
So uuuv rases are mentioned In standard
medical works wlicru healthy, robust Infants)
nnd larger children havu dwindled away, una
illvsl lu a few mouths from sleeping with grand
parents, or uther oiil persons, thai 11 is ussy
uijleu tj cits siieclal liutmiccs In prcsf.
ohicrved by my venerable friend, lllshop
.Meade, our old teachers, even those wnu wnoin
I studied, introduced nearly tho cutlro scries
of the classical authors."
Tho Field Family at Homo.
A corresp'jiuleut of tho New York Journal
of Commerce, written from Plttsflcld, Mass.,
August 23d, gives the subjoined account ol
the meeting ol iho members of tho Field family
ut Stockbndge, Mass. :
At Stoekbridge, week beforo last, (hero was
a family gathering worthy of being recorded.
It was thu family of dev. Dr. Field, who for
10 years vvus pastor of the villago church in
Stoekbridge. He is 78 years of uge, nnd Is
nctlvu inougli to nuillvu half the young men of
the present generation. A noble specimeu of
tlio clergy 01 inu otiieu times, uiuuiu mm pome,
going more than a miiu wnu us. over mil ami
dale, to point out a spot of historic Interest, or
show nu attractive iKiIut tn tho ever varying
aud magnificent Stockbridgo scenery. Hut
his charming companion iu tho Journey of life,
a dear old lady of 77 years, onu year younger
than her hu.iutM, is even in advance. 01 mm in
lur activity, intelligence, v!acity,niiti all those
nameless graces which give such sweetness to
tho ngtil us well as the young.
Well, week before last, Iho six sous and ono
daughter, with their wives und husbands, aud
children aud grand children, to thu numlc-r of
forty-six, met at thu ch inning old homestead,
nud'what u meeting ! Tlicro was David, a dis
tinguished lawyer, from New York j Matthew,
an iiiglneer of eminence, residing In ICasteru
Massachusetts; Jonathan, a State Senator,
Irom Stoekbridge; Stephen, a Judge of thu
Supremo Court of California 1 Cyrus, known
to tho world for his Indomitable telegraph en
ergy ; and Henry, the youngest son, a clergy
man und scholar, and tl.o accomplished editor
of tho New York Emugtlut. The daughter
Is the wire of tho dev. Mr. Drawer, of New
Haven, Couu. These were the children, uud
then thero vvero thirteen grand sons and thir
teen grand-daughters, with two great graud
sous, making tho fourth gcucratlou present at
tho gathering.
It won't not bo well to enter tho sacred pre
cincts of tho family circle. What transpired
there is not for tlio publio eyo or car. Hat
nh.it occurred outdoors, bevoud the fireside,
may bo recorded. Tho gathering took place
in Stockbridgo on Saturday, and on Suuday
all assembled In tho old parish church. Itev.
Mr. Drawer made the opening prayer, and tho
venerable Dr. Field preached from Acts 20
chap., 22d und 23d verses. In tho afternoon,
dev. Henry Field, or New York, de!icrcd the
sermon. Sabbath evening, ull tho family met
at tha house of thu son resident in Stoekbridge.
On Monday thev breakfasted In the grounds of
David Dudley field, ef Now York, who hus a
riunimur resilience lu btnchiiriuge, ami ut noon
they ull dined at the old homestead, with their
beloved parents. Tho nftcrnoou uud evening
were passed thero iu the purest enjoyment, und
none so happy us tho father und mother of this
delightful group of children. 'On Tuesday
morning tho charmed circle was broken, tha
members of It leaving the vllleje, never ujjulu
to be united ou earth.
Fl'.jiirKKiMi tiik Gini.s. Away up In tha
northern part of Vermont, rays tlio Anuitrr-
bod.tr, Is 11 primitive nut of a little village,
culled '-The Center." Here not long since, tho
rustle youth of Ilia vicinity congregated for u
"dance," nnd "daueo they did," said our infor
mant, "with an unction unknown to our city
belles una ucuux.
Ono Interesting young man, having "Imbib
ed" rather too freely, became "fatigued" In tho
course of thu evening, und wisely cuucluded tu
"retire" for a short rest.
A duor ujar near thu daueo hall revealed In
vitingly, u gliuqisd of u comfortable bed, of
which ho took possession, with a prospect of
an undoubted snooze.
It so huppcikd, how belt, that this was tho
ladles' withdrawing room; and no sooner had
hu closed his eyes, than u pair or bloomlug
damsels camo in from tho hall, and begau ad
justing their disordered ringlets, thu dim light
01 tnu iuiiow canuiu 1101 insciojiug 1110 tenant
of the bed. The girls hud tongues, (like most
of their sex,) which ran on this wl,u :
" What a nice daueo we're having. Havo
you heard unj holy say unj thing about me,
"La, ycs.Sally ! Jim Drown savs he never
saw you look so lisudsoiuo 111 you do to night.
Have you heard anybody say unythlng ubout
" About you t Why, rnrtin. I heard Joa
Flint tell Sam Jones that yuu was the prettiest
dressed girl lu the room."
Whereupon tho dear things chuckled, "fixed
up" a littlo more, and niadu off tos-ards tha
ball room. They had hardly reached the door
when our hair-conscious friend raised himself
up an his elbow, and quite intelligibly, though
slowly, Inquired :
" Ha' you heard nuybody say anything
about me, girls t"
" Phansy thdr phecllnks," at that Juucturo!
They ilea with an explosive scieam.
F011 am) Aiuissr. Seuutor Toombs In a
speech lately said :
" Douglas was not his choice for tho Presi
dency ; but he would support him sooner tbac
any uppusiuuti man 111 mu uuiini iun.
Douglas bud been in error but ho is u bold,
manly, truthful, independent patriot,"
And Senator 0. 0. Clay, Jr., of Alabama,
speaking upou tho event of Senator Douglas'
nomination, gave utterance to the following
strong language.'
" I need not now tell you that I w III not sun.
port Mr, Douglas or uny one occupWvghis
platform, although nominated by thu uuanl
mous vote ol tha Charleston Convention of tho
Democrat lu parly, or any other party what
ever. I love tho Democratic party fur Its
principles. I will not abandon those princi
ples for policy. I prefer the right, even with
defeat, to tho expedient with success, I pre
fer truth to triumph.
FoMTB.sr.ss. In politeness as In many
other things conuee'ed with tho formatlou of
character, peoplo iu general begin outside,
when they should begin iusldo ; Instead of be
ginning with the heart, and trusting that to
form tho manners, they begin with the mind,
and trust the heart to change tho Influences.
Tho golden rule contains tho very life and sola
of politeness. Children may be taught to mako
a graceful courtesy, or a gentlemanly bow j but
unless they havo likewise been taught to abhor
what is selfish, and always prefer another's
comfort and pleasure to their owu, their polite
ness will bo entirely artificial, and used only
when it is their interest to iiso it. On tho
other hand, a truly benovoleut, kind-hearted
person, will always bo distinguished for what
Is called uativo politeness, though entirely ig
uoruut of the conventional forms of society.
A country editor having received two gold
dollars In advance for his paper, sajs that he,
still allows bis children to play with other chil
dren, as usual,