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About Oregon sentinel. (Jacksonville, Or.) 1858-1888 | View Entire Issue (July 3, 1858)
lixlrptnJcnt on all Subject!) ami devoted
Uihtbttl Intiratt of Southern Oregon.
Published livery Snturduy,
0, TTAULT, Editor & Proprir.
T c it ;ti s :
Dno Year, 93 onj.six Month, en 00:
Throe Months, $2 00.
0 Square of twelve Hues or less, first In
sertion, 3 00 ; each subsequent Insertion,
tu!r. TiitDi, each square, for ono yenr,
SV);ilx months, $13 ; threo mouths, $10.
A literal tlitcouut tuido to porsous'NvlsliIng
to a lr rttio to the extent of four squares.
Job Printing Office.
'PHI! Proprietor. having n good vnri
X sty efJOll TYPE on hand, U pro
rated to do nil hinds of
' 1 L A I N
0a the SHORTEST NOTICE, nnl on tho
noit ItEASONAHLE TElt.MS ; audi at
yC, iJ'C, iJ-C.
J.b work ilone In
p lull cuMomerit Onler solicited.
ADDISON C. GIBBS.
C 0 l X i U L L 0 R -A T-L AW,
Itoieburg, Douglas Count)', Oregon.
Den Joseph Line, Washington City. I). C,
l'inijbell & Pratt, San Francisco. Cul.
Will, itu Tlionuiion, l.-q., Pearl strwt. N.Y.
Jasies P. Slarbuck Esq., Wiitertoiui, N. V.
Hon Jior. Clark, Plesaii. N. Y.
Hon Curio Emmons, Springfield. X. Y.
.Stum I Like Esq., Huliulo, N. Y.
Harper A Hrothvr?, New York. 22tf
Corner Cahftmua and !! Streets,
K MP Pi: Li WILKINSON,
GHXEUAL STAGE 110 f.'oT.
April 'J, IMS. 12if.
IMLLIAUU AND DRINKING
tMNBJ Of CAMlOIINU ANDOKtaoSSTIIEKTH,
Jacksonville:, o. t.
Opposilo F.sglo Hold,
KEUUYVILLE, 0. T.
Jsnus'ry 1, IH58 Itf
DHS. BI100KS & THOMPSON,
Physicians and Surgeons.
OITICK "Jacksonvlllo Drug Hl'ore"
oppoito Union llouan
C7A constant supply of Drugs and
1'ilonl Mudioines alwa) on hand.
Lite of Sacramento.
it. J l-UUTT,
HARMON & LABATT.
Corner of Manltomery ami Commer
(Over Banks k Hull, llankorr,
Hun Francisco, Cnl.
Labatt, Commmioncr for Louisiana
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
WILL ATTEND TO ItUSINCSH in
the Third Judicial DUliict of Oro
At Kurbvllle, Orrgon.
R. B. SNELLING,
OFFICE-. Qn Main Street, four doors
south of the Post Office, Yreka.
jar Will practice In the District Courts
"I Jackinn Cminty, Q. T 1 20lf
D. B. BHENAN,
ll.. O 'P
,m '" I SUSSSSSSl'li i SSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSiSSSStSSlSl'l l MSSSSIMISII I'l SSISltSSMtiSsVsyMtMtiSSStiSSMil I I iJHI,i""de:;v-J ' 111 iii. .-..,....--. .-r-.g .M.mti-K"-. sjLjzzajmjmmJiiimmiUmm1BtNKEKIEHKKUlB
in pimiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiBiiiiiiiiF'iiiH ,
l)r the nu
i City, streeti
I KIm ntunug thu
I Poor man. Icl not life
Uend thy soul to craty-m
kicu nun. tot not gnat po
jjcnii tiieo sorrowful aw
Irom the covenant of th
Mado with libcrtjr and
True man. -where:
In the Hcurlt
ft.. ...! ..- ......
L nun uo int
Tor the days
That must t!
Tor the lierltn
For that kingdom
On whu comlncr
I'or the rest that shall
lu Its shadow .forwi
Many of our renders Left
slor Minstrels" slug, when litre
Ing 1 he music win very flue, nml
much applause. We find In the Uul
the beautiful nord of tho
ShulU of tliu Occtin.
Ono lummer crrt, vrlth pctulro thought,
I wandered on tho ten Itsnt horr,
Where oil In hvullen Infnlit vport,
I Knther'd ihilli In dnys Wore,
I gnthered thvtls In daytlcfore.
Tho plmhlng wnves like tnuslo lull
Hoipsuitve to my fancy wild,
A dream came o'er uic like a tnvll,
I thought I urn i ngnln a chllil,
A dream came o'er me like a rncll,
I thought I was again a child.
I stooped upon the pebbly slrand,
To cull the toys that round mo lay,
Hut as I took them In my hand,
1 throw Hum ono by ono away.
Oil I thus I said In every stage,
11 toyj our fancy Is begull'd,
Wi gather shells from youth to age,
And then c leave them like n child.
We gather shells from youth to nge,
And then wo Icavo them like u child.
Youngster, sparo that girl I
KIm not those lips so meek I
Uurufllcd let the ftlr lock curl
11 on the maiden check 1
Ilclieve her ipilto a taint
Her Icoks are all tllrlno,
Herrofy hue I pilot t
Her lurm u criuulluot
SPLECH OF GENERAL LANE
ON TUB I'ATUL'NT OK
Tltt) Ori'Rou nml VltliiKtoii
Iiictlmi Wur Dolit.
Dthvtrol in the Home of Jleprtttntaltvtt,
.May 13, 1B58.
The House Lolng lu Committee of the
Whole oa Territorial IiusIiicm, Hon. Wm.
II. F.nglUh lu tho Chair, and having under
consideration a hill (II. It. No GCG) to re
fund to James Douglass, Uoteruor of Van
couver's Island, the sum of (7,000 advanc
ed by him to supply the volunteers of Wash
ington Territory with clothing and blankets
during the late Indian nar In that Tcrrl
'lory. I The bill directs tho Secretary of tboTrcaj-
'ury. out of any money in tho treasury not
otherwise appropriated, to pay to James
Douglass, Qotcrnor of Vancouver's Island,
1 $7,1)00; It being so much money advanced
by him to tho Hudson's Hay Company In
puyment of clothing and blaukets furnished
' by the company to the volunteers of Wash-
lugton Tctrltory In 1833, upon Ilio order of
Isaac I. btctcus, uournotor iim -lerniory
of Washington, and upona guarantee fur
the payment of tho same by Douglais, and
for which sum Isaac I.Sicvtus.n Oovernon
has executed his certlllcute of debt, paya.
bio when an appropriation should he made
Mr. Lauc. I uiovo to amend the hill ly
adding the fullonlng as additional sections
or tho hill ;
,'lntl lr ilfurlhtr tnaeleJ, That thcro he,
and hereby Is, appropriated out of any mo
ney In tho treasury nut otherwise npproprl
aUd, winterer amount may bo nievstary
to enable tlin Secretary of the Treasury to
, defray the cxpemicii necrsiarily Incurred by
lue territorial governments oi uuffgon aim
Waililngtoil In thcsuppreMlotMElidlan lion
tllities therein lu tho years lTlud 1836,
,so lar as the claims grunlng our!nld war
have lien alljudlcattd by the commissioners
appointed for that purpose, agreeably to the
. provisions of the eleventh section of the aot
of the 18th August, t83C, entitled "An act
1 making appropriations for certain cl II i-x
penses of the Uovernmtii(, fur the year end
,lng 3lilh June, 1837," and have been repor
ted to tho War Department, by said com
i misslone'rs, for payment.
Jlnii be if furthtr enaettd, That the
amounts severally found due to the parties
contained In tue report oi iiie tolil commis
sioners shall bo paid to the said parties re
sptctlvcly, or thlr legal re presentatives, or
to the atsigiices or attorneys, duly constilu.
led and appointed, of said parties, anything
in the act approved July 29, 1610, or in the
act of February, 1833, to the contrary not
withstanding. Mr. Washbuine, of Illinois. I rise to a
question of order. The amendment is a
general bill, and is not in order to a private
bll!. There Is a rulo of tho Houso which
rxpretsjy provides! that no bill shall be
amended by a rider in this way.
Mr. Lane. If the gentleman will bear mo
ho will not conteud that this amendment is
not strictly in order. The object of this bill
is to piovldc for paying Gomnor Douglass
furiMtafa cxp'nwv Incurred lu the.Indin
gton Territory IJlm tpeak
.csffon, of, order The claim
Iim has m for aiiplles fuo
wlio Were aotlnc agninsl
cars l6Vr3 otuHaSOicm)
oi ttu wwro r.cen
6ny Item for
matter, the amcil
Mr. Unc. This till la cno Item of-thei
expenses of that war. There nro probably I ,
fire or six thousand claims growing out or1
thesamewnri audi wutit to cnll the nl-1,
tcntloii of the commltteo to the law ol Con-ii
1 grew under which these claims Lave been
! recognised :
"That the Secretary of War bo directed
to examine into the amount of vxoiiscs nco
esiarily incurred In the suppression of In
dian hostilities In the late Indinnwarln Or
egon and Washington, by the territorial
governments of said Territories, for the
maintenance of tho volunteer forces cnaarr-
cd In said war, luclmlltic liny if volunteers; I
and that ho may, If In his judgment It bo "
necessary, direct a commission of three to,
procctd to ascertain and report to him nil
expenses Incurred for purposes above spe
cified." Now, Mr. Chairman, under the provision
of that law, tho Secretary of War appointed
a commission of three persons to assemble in
tho Territories cf Oregon and Washington,
and ascertalu tho expenses necessarily In
curred. Congress mtdo an appropriation
of $12,000 to defray tho expenses of that
commission. It was constituted or two ar
my officers and ono citizen It assemble')!
at Fort Vancouver, and vtas lu sessiou
Mr. Kunkl,aof Pennsylvania. There Is
a question of o'rdcr pending. I ask that it
Tho Chairman. Tho gntltnan from Or
egon has a right to appeul, and to debate
Mr. Kuukel, or 1'cnnsylvaula. Is bo do
The Chairman. The Chair la not able to
toll what application tho gentleman from
Oregon proposes to mako or his remarks.
Mr. Kuukel, or Pennsylvania. There was
no oppeal taken ; It is simply a question or
Mr. Greenwood. Tho gentleman from
Oregon has a right to discuss tho question
ofnrdcr, debate not being closed on the bill.
The Chairman. The Chair Is not without
1 doubt as to whether this nmcudaicut Is In
J order, but he Is under tho impression that
I It Is not In order Tho bill itself Is a prl-
vnte bill, for the relief of James Dnugluss.
uic nnienumvnt propositi ny lue gentleman
from Oregou seems to be a general hill, ap
' pllcable to a nholo class of cases. The Im
pression of tho Chair is that the nmeiidmcut
Is not In order, and tho Chair so rules.
Mr. Letcher Has not the gentleman from
Oregon a right to speak on the original
The Chairman. He has.
Mr. Lane. I want to show how this bill
for the relief of Mr. Doughuu comes up here,
J and I desire to call thu ntteutton of the
commltteo now to the report of the Secre
tary of War on this subject. The Secretary
or War examined the report of this commls
elon, and tays us follows :
"Hy a law passed the 18th day of August
.1650. n commission was directed to bean
poiuted for thu purposo of ascerttiuing the
,eum or money lairiy due to ttie volunteers
or Oregon and Washington Territories fur
their services In tho Indian nnrs which
threatened to lay waste those Territories.
In compliance with llil- law. Captain Smith,
' of Jjie Rrst dragoons. Captain Itufns Ingalls,
i of the quartermaster's department, mid La
Fayetto Orover, Esq., of Salem, Oregon,
were appointed to examine the accounts and
.claims, and to mako a report in conformity
with the law, and upon the facts tu tbey ex
isted, so far, nt least, as it was possible to
'These officers entered upon their duties
on tho lflth day of October 183C, nnd seem
to have labored with great assiduity and
.patience in discharge of them, until the 2iilh
uf October last, when they were brought to
a close. I hao examined this report very
carefully, and conclude that, from tho data
they hac adopted for their guide, a to thu
prices for stores and subsistence, nud time
or service reudcred by the men, it is not
probable a more just or accurate result
could be attained than these gentlemen have
larrividnt. The amount ascertained to bo
duo is a very large one, mid Congress will
bave to make provision for its payment, If
.it la intended they shall bo liquidated, of
I which I pruume there can bo no doubt."
Now, out of these claims adjudicated by
this eepuulsslon, r-e find due to Governor
r -,!!- '
Doaglh tyr,W, tA varlw oMttMt to
various cbc ltttv;ldurl vfer1ia11r$nifercd
services aiJytf-JHJp' trans
portation fW Mi, twftfirtenefa of tho troops
in tde field fa lrtsjlB amount reaching to
btwes dfc b4.Ix Wlllon dollars. ThcW
cjtpcmws cr "fc"lj&eerily Ibcuitc4, t'nU
the bill to'tMf-fiovomor Douglass (a right
amlJiHt. hI4M iKt More right and not
WDro jmi Htifl.Btry qther portion of theso
,c1Irm alVtwfl ly this coamlsslon. -And
wliy.GuTi'r'wyDaiigUw sbold he singled
outs'WilK bwatrcd czpen
sea in dMMhw e can mi yaUiCltMMiwi
no!HfrjRnpyH mms witBmmtimju
Is a matter woleh I uoiit uwlWrt (di tol,
bo (bat as It way, I will loVttbattfMttlerrctt
with the committee who has ehargo of Hi
1 bnv great confident In that wiuirJjjCqc.
I believe it will tlltlaiftlSlr -rcrert'ta jKvor
fnf pylng all the expeswes. Hut &owo the
proper tlroe to do It now Is the tlmo when
1 this commltteo and this Congress should paM
. sucli n law as will pforlde for the payment
uf all dho claims fouudiduo It that com-
!iiif Ion. ' t-
Now,41r, I thlnt .cvtrjr gc,ntla hers
knows, (and I bcllcvo no gentleman will
i liiiuertako to aainsar tno fact.) tuat wlietl
r. ftt)nti(tl' pcoplo of Orcg'ou uud Vilublngton Tcr-
rllorlts were plunged Into an Jiullnn war, It
wasnot by tbclrdwnnct, but by n comblna-'
lion or Indians, made so complptely that
I"' wo rjUo to coumifitcc htwlllltlea at
tho extremes or each of those Territories on
loo innis day. The nrogrca of that war
was so rapid, and tho scenes so bloody and
terrible, that fur a short time It was a mat
ter of uncertainty In the minds of the pco
plo of theso Territories whether tho Indians
would not be able to destroy the entire tcS
Moments of the two Territories.
Iu order that tho committee may under-
tand more fully the facts of the case, I call
attention to the
. , .
f''t out tlero bj
report of the special agent
y the Government to inquire
Into the circumstances of tho war, and Into
the uctlon of that commission while It was
Mr. J. Iloss Ilrowne, that rpcclal agent,
spent months In the country, visited many
of the Indian tribes, talked with them, saw
the farmers on their plantations and at their
homes, without letting the pinplo there know
tho purposo for which ho was among them.
He dropped in, at Vancouver, on tho com
mtssloncrs, whllo they were adjusting this
vcry.clalm of Mr. Douglass, mid ho saw the
manner In which they discharged their duty.
Mr. Smith, of Virginia. I beg to remind
the gcntlemau that this Is the last day for
Mr. Lane. I am aware of that.
Mr. Smith, of Virginia. This bill Is cut
ting out other territorial busluess.
Mr. Lane. No, sir; I am the last man lu
the world to cut off any of tho territorial
business. This Is the last bill but one or
two on the calendar.
I will now read a portion of J. Ito
Ilrownc's report. Ho says ;
"I will not undertake to follow up the
history of the war to a later period. Its
peculiar features buo been represented ofll
dally on both sides, nud its progress and
termination aio matters or public record.
'-Upon n ciiruful perusal of nil the dls
pntclKi, I find uothliig to sustain tho charge
of speculation. No peison can tislt the
Territories of Oregou uud Washington, con
verso with the peuplo, see them on their
farms and nt their daily labors, and consider
their truo Interests, without coming to tho
conclusion that such u charge is absurd and
monstrous. What could tht-y hopo to gain .'
Fuw of them had anything to tparc upon
which to base a sncculutiun. A lurnier Is
well oil' who has his fields fenced lu, n few
head of oxen, and three or lour cows. If lie
got treble price for his stock, the sale, upon ,
nn unliiiittrd credit, would hso Leon n np.-
rltlco to him. His farm must co to ruin -!
The interest of tho settlers, or nearly every
pursuit, are nearly identical Their future
prospects deKud chiefly upon the prosperity
of tho country, the increase of emigration,
euban(.ement in Ilio tamo or property, (ecu
rity of lite, opening of new facilities for the . ably bo necessary to supply the demands un
transportation of their products. All this jder his amendment.
was diametrically oppwtd to a war No i Mr, Laie, r wolU ,0 M , , , a
compensation that Government could mnket,, .,...- . , ' , ,
would atone for tho murder or families, tbo ,,lat ,,,e wbu,e of tho e,a,m rendered. Inclu
stoppage of labor everywhere, the lo of ding compensation for servico nnd expenses
time, the suspension or emigration, and the j incurred, as settled by the commissioners
truTcooVJ'1 rCSUl""K fr0m lulsUlsM; under this law, amount, to between five and
rThe0clomsaIon at Vancouver havo ralth-'. lx nillHon do,lar8 " ' JU8' i '"J I lvc
fully and Impartially performed their duty. ,
Whatever suui tney may i.avo uecueii upon Mr, Stanton. I wish to Inquire of tho
In estimating this war debt, I bold that ,1 . ,. , , . ,
amount to bajusily duo. and trust that Con-jBntlman what amount per day was allow-
gress will at once provide lor its cxtlu-"cd for tho volunteers who served la that
That Is signed by J. IIom Uronne, special.! Mr. Lane. I will auswer the gentleman
agent of the Government, sent out there by with a great deal of pleasure, though I am
tho order of the President, at the Instancoi not going on to discuss this matter lu detail
of the Secretary qt the Interior, to examine
into the facta connected with the War i to
ascertain the causes of the war the mauner
or tho conduct or the war ; aud tho extent
of the expenses Incurred in It. Aud, after
a careful and impartial examination of the
whole matter, be caino to the conclusion
which I havo Just read. His wholo report
shows that tbo pcoplo of Oregon and Wash
ington were driieu into a bloody war, una
voidably ou their part, that threatened to
lay wastj tho wholo country, and wipe, out
ull the settlements. And I hazard nothing
In say lug that no portion of (he American
peoplo bus suffered so much In any Indian
warn since our fathers landed on tho Amor
lean shores, as did the people of thoio Tcr
riiorin to lint far. Gcullemin will t
member that, during the progress of thai
war I was hern attending to my datlcs j but
during tho last summer, I had an opportu
nity of traveling over (he whole southern
portion of Oregon, and of examining In per
son the extent of the Indian depredations.
I fourid that every house for fifty mile's on n
road throngh a well-settled country had
lieeu lad In asfecs. The bonnes and barns
had J-esfi burned, nnd every man, woman,
and cWM killed In thoimost cruel and bar
barms? Taanncc with the exception or one
,- womatiand'onc child
??U ilme lheso depradaltons were com-
by (hi fliflliis, thrc "were hrge
t . . -
fifty tulles with tho bones of the animals.
In a conversation I had w 1th tho Indians, In
I Iho presence of their agent, In relation to
K, Uiclr great war chler, John, told me that
jijyhad,laborcd for months to bring abuut a
combination ull tho tribes, so that tbey
might comineneo tho war at the snms time,
and destroy tho entire settlements in both
iciritoricsj anu so complete was their plan
"ftSS0,1 '"B00'- loaUc( "itn the produce' home, and many cam back with fliigcrTniid
oT Oregon and 'Washington, traveling over ' toes frozen, maimed anl crippled fur life
tbntrond tdsck a mitrkcl In rvir n.ta "cJuch was tho conduct and iufTeiingof other
They Yftro mot by 4h Indians, nnd every j volunteer companies who rerpon led to tKV
mna.and vory animal was "killed, nnd tho call of our Governor. Thus did tho people
vrafirsi wore burned. The mangled and I j of Oregon rush to the rescue, not only of the
mutilated rcmaihs of the uon wrro takon up ' settlements, but of the United States troop,
and buried, but the waysldo'wns strcwn-Tor,, surrounded by overwhelming numbers of
or organisation, so complete was the cora.;jr.n avtrago, five thousand dollars. Thegal
blnatlou, that, as I said In tho opening of, hnt Captains Hembreo and Dennett, and
my remarks, they commenced tho war at .other officers, were amonc the number that
Pugel Sound on the tamo day or Iho month' ucver returned. Their families and friend.
that they commenced It In the southern por--" wore left to mourn their lots.
Hon of Oregon Territory six hundred miles I . , Mr. Chairman, to proceed with tl
21.1. I'l"? i '. T, l'at '', mJ Xorr.rsoribt.war. While In Oregon last,
labored hard to bring about thecombina. I ,, ok , , , f
ion, and bid sent hi. ,ons and hi. sen n-' W wbo VM mn, lMtruBJntaI ,n ,.
aw to the Indians. In different portions of u , 1C .,,, of
the country, for ho purpoio or making th, ; l,AiVof.om..or.our pc.ple whodls.p
combination and sccurlnc that concert oH ..,,.., ,,-.; ... . '
tics In Oregonaud Washington, asyou trill
flml ltt llisif rnnttst mAhil. luf,... si..
a lion which would enable hln.tacarryout1dtccn M, ,0 Um tloM w,,cn
Z:'' ' -Ud to the agent, in ,h. council, tha
i i .in.,' i , """""J "T I"", Mrs. Hares, and others, he was Inclined
general .hostilities broke icut. Hnally, he j t0 thluV lhat1l flould rtt,M ,,e bitter feel
became uneasy himself .after killing a great ,Dgl oflh, ,, ,)Ut IlM coM
many or our people, about hi. capacity to makc lLe lnqulry. i loM him tL.t I bud
bring about general war. Ho began to cd thr0UB,, tbo coun, whero',fitt
think that the white, would not resent the j pto,llo ,ia(1 lUciltini their friend, w er. very
outragca which ho had committed, and , MS0Ui t0 icar their Tate. Wc Inquired U
hat hexould not bring about a general war. Vcution t0 M. WflKncr kLo WMac
lie went to .bo agent, after killing eighteen I educated and handsome woman from Nw
or our people at ouo time, and two men and j yolt( o had lived long in the eouutrv.
iti r!tV ' :f,"",BrJ'' ttua Ba,d '"i and rpoVe tho Indian" tongue fluently. SI.
him z "What kind or warr or. have vbuf L. i.iu i. i. .i. i.i i- ' . ..
Tbey havo no hearts ; thoy are like squaws ; '
Un llfkV Vtllntl vnn n.n..lA f....,lA.l. II..1
... ...... wm. jiv'u UJCU.luulllg IUU
places where they bud been murdered) and
yet no notice is taken or it; tberclsnowar."
Wcli.onthcOlh or Octobcr.the Indians pas
sed along tho road to which I have refernd.
nnd destroyed every particle or property for
orty miles They then rushed Into the set
tlements aud burned bouses and barns, kill
ed huudreds of our cattle and many of our
people. We'nro not here asking pay for these
depredations. We have not asked a dollar
of the Government for these spoliations.
We only ask tho Government to pay the
troops who were forced Into the service to
defend the settlements against those outra
ges, and who, I may well say, suffered raoro
In the field than any troops who have over
been engaged In any war In this country.
My friend who represents the Territory of
' Wellington will tell you that be fell in with
a body of our troops In the mountains, east
of the Columbia river, where they had been
for weeks without tents, although the ther
mometer stood at twenty-fire degrees beow
aero a greater part of the time. They had
thrown themselves between the settlements
and the hostile Indians, and had subsisted
upon horse flesb, without bread, coffee, or
salt, for weeks.
Mr. Maynard. I would inquire of the
gentleman what amount of money will prob
no doubt Congress will pay It.
JlTne I'rlco allowed by these commissioners
was two dollars for each day's .cnico for I
each nun, and two dollars In addition If be
rodo hU own horse, making four dollar per ,
day for a man and horse. I will say further, I
that If the Sentleu.a, wll! look over the let '
tor of Colonel McMullln, now Oocrnor of
the Territory uf Washington, a gentleman
who stood in this House and watched iho
treasury as careful as any man did I say,
if the gentleman will read that letter, he i III
find that Governor McMullln states that you
cannot obtain the tabor of a man short of.,
V. .?:..' . .. V . w,u. "e"il
thirty dollars per month. And 1 will say
that no man can obtain laboi for any such
prico as these commissioner allowed to
I ill isy further, that no man jan Ull
tin sufferings which these volunteers under
went. Take, for Instance, the conduct or
tho Polk county volunteers, w ho, In response
to n requisition of the Governor of the Torj,
rltofy, marched to relievo Major Hallcr.who
was surrounded by hnslllo Indians. The re
quisition reached them on Monday evening',
and, on the next morning, one hundred and
two men we're In the saddle, and on thn
march to relievo this gallant cfGccr and hl
little band of bravo soldiers, who had been
for some time surrounded by vaMly superior
numbers of blood-thtrsty savages. Out of
the one hundred nnd two Polk county men
whom Major Armstrong marched to the r
lipTnr Mnt-r lfftllir. m.ifir nri-r.fl.iiirtii
II -" '"V ,..-.-. ..;...
bostllo Indians. Not a dollar h ire thcr ntk
cd for spoliations; nnd the amount which
the commissioners have allowed for lhsy
vices or the volunteers, and tho expenses In
curred by them, will you uTuse to pay T
Mujor Armstrong has frequently Inform!
mo that bis company was composed of farm
crs, most of whom bad families, wd wcr
not only comfortable, but were worth, on
. n ! " -vw .. v wwi vi (lasv-sas vty
u ssirnri'ii in inni wnr sii r:i:i. anil sni wi itnm trn
j 0a t0 , , t'be Mq of Mrl ;v
1I--I--I -. . -J ............. ...V,..M MM'
guou cuecrnuicu sue always lurniMiCUtuaue
It a placo where travelers delighted to stop
The Indians Informed us that on tho morn
ing or tho 9th of October they came In sight
of the house, where they met tome teamsters
and packers, a poitleu of whom they mur
dered, destroying the wagons and cargoes.
as well as the aulmalt, while ybe was stand
ing In tho door. As toon cs they had mur
dir'd the people outside, they carce toward
the house, which was strongly built of henrt'
logs, aud bad a heavy door, which fustcno-l
with cross bars. When the taw them run
ulug towards the house, the shut tho door
and dropped the bars to proent their
breaking In. They enmo to tho door, and
ordered her to come cut, and bring out bir
lljtlc gl.-l. She said "no." Her busUiH
n as absent and, by the way, ho wustnu
only man ou that road who escaped. Ihey
said that If she did not come out they would
shoot her. She declined ; aud, after tome
deliberation, they determined to set the
bouse on Sre The houso was directly cu-
ve'.opid lu flames ; and the chief, who watch
cd her through a little wludow, told us that
he saw her go to the glass and arrange her
balr, then take a seat In the middle of tb
room, fold her little girl In her arms, and
wait calmly until the roof fell in, and they
perished in tbo flames together. And tb
statement was confirmed by the people wbv
found their remains lying together Id the
middle or the house.
Tho account uf tbcatlructtiesjerpctrattsl
upou Mrs. Uayues are to horrible that I will
not rclute them.
These volunteers, tlr, arc the men who
defended us against the Indium, wbo bad
declared their lutentlon of murdering trery
wblto mau, woman and child lu the Ter
Mr. Chairman, the sutlers of Oiegon were
enccuragid to go there by the Government
uf the United States. Congrm passed an
act donating laud to ull who would go aud
settle iu Oregon. Many rupouded to thoso
InduceuiuitH held out to go and settle there.
They went at great sacrifice of comfort, and
B, grCft, hatnril MoDy of them M, b e
Mud of lUv u.furc tUy reacbed ,,,
fal.off country Hut while the Government
,bus bclJ oul inductmnts to the people to
0 tbcrc aml u,ltlCi tb wgUisM , M
llil. nrfw-nilttnti tfi nT(lnM,ltti iI.a ln.ir.n .1.1.
j .... ,....-..... .. .n..bM.M tuw uuinu una
.to tho lands That, hoeur, wasnot tho
'fault of the settlers, It was the fault of the
.Clotcmment. The people continued to be
baratsed by the Indians fiom the very com-
unnccueiit of the tetihiutnt un to Iho
! incurred iu uood fulili. and ucro ui'c.
ysuiuy i-xpciiMS in lliu prosecution ol
Hut war. And 1 wvo it to this com-
milleo to fciy wlicllitrlliey tliall'bo
(oot.vPEP oxltnu jrqr