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About The Democratic times. (Jacksonville, Or.) 1871-1907 | View Entire Issue (May 29, 1902)
GOVERNMENT BY SWORD
It Is Denounced by an Ameri
can and Humanitarian.
The Conrie of the Adiulni.tratlon In
the Philippine. la Absolutely In
defensible—Auawer to the Charite
That the lleiuocrtHa Are Trying to
Make Politieal Capital.
The following excerpts are made
from a speech of Senator Carmack of
Tennessee on the bill to provide a civil
government for the I'biUppiue Islands:
Mr. President, we have under con
sideration a bill which is a confessed
departure from the principles and tra
ditions of our own country, a bill
which deals in the most drastic fash
ion with the lives and liberties of 10,-
000,000 people, a bill w hich enacts des
potisrn iuto law and as surely enacts
hatred and war and bloodshed and des
olation. Yet, sir, a majority of the
senators upon the other’side of the
chamber are ready to vote for it with
out debate, without asking a single
question, without having read a single
line of its contents, without knowing
or caring to know the meaning of a
single provision that it contains.
When the Philippine tariff bill was
under debate, 1 said the question was
not simply whether you had property
selected the subjects and properly ad
justed the rates of taxation. The ques
tion was, “What right have you to im
pose any taxes whatever upon tne peo
ple of the Philippine Islands?” The
question now is not simply and alone
whether you have framed just laws
for the government of the people, but
what right aave you to frame laws
and devise a system of government
for an alien and unwilling people?
Your answei is that we have won
that right with the sword and bayonet.
You SP.y that we have burned enough
towns, we have wasted enough coun
try, we have butchered enough people,
to make good our right to tax and gov
ern; that the land is ours because we
havezstrewed it with the ashes of its
homes and drenched it with the blood
of its people. What wolf ever had a
better right to eat bis mutton in peace
than we have to possess and enjoy the
That, stripped of all rags of rhetoric,
is your answer, and we meet it with
a simple denial that you have derived
any just powers of government from
the subjugation of the governed. That,
sir, is the issue in this debate, as it
will be, I trust, of every debate where
the purpose is asserted upon this door
to govern a people by right of the
The distinguished senator from Wis
consin [Mr. Spooner] iu bis brilliant
apology for the course of his party
seemed to charge that we were moving
in pursuance of some hellish design,
that we were actuated by pure sin and
devilishness in presenting our view as
to what should be the course and pol
icy of this government in dealing with
the Philippine Islands. He said that
we had prostituted this question to
base and wicked partisan puri>oses,
Mr. President, when one looks over
the list of great and honored Repub
licans who have opposed themselves
With al! their zeal and energy to the
policy of this and the preceding admin
istration and when lie sees that it in
cludes every survivor of those who
bore a conspicuous part in the forma
tion and foundation of the Republican
party it ought to occur to him that
there Is something more in this oppo
sition than Democratic wickedness
and depravity; that there is some
thing more in it than treason to the
The senator from Wisconsin said that
Mr. Bryan had seized upon this ques
tion in order to force an issue with the
administration. Unfortunately for that
senator, the facts of history are against
him. it is well known that for a long
time the administration was in serious
doubt and perplexity as to whether or
not it should demand a cession of the
Philippine Islands. It was known that
many leading Republicans. Including
members of the president’s own cabi
net, were opposed to that policy. Every
public utterance of Mr. McKinley him
self had Indicated a contrary Intention.
Now, sir, long before the treaty of
neace was negotiated, long before the
administration bad resolved Its own
doubts and perplexities, long before a
single man in the United States knew
or could possibly have known what
would be the policy of the administra
tion, before tbe administration itself
knew. Mr. Bryan had openly declared
against the annexation of the Philip
pine Islands or the annexation, by
force or otherwise, of distant territory
or of territory inhabited by a people
who could not be assimilated with our
At that time the public utterances of
Mr. McKinley nnd tbe public utter-
Dangerous If Neglected.
Burns, cuts and other wo unds often
fail to heal properly if neglected and
become troublesome sores. De Witt's
Witch Hazel Salve prevents such con
sequences. Even when delay has ag
gravated the injury DeWitt’s Witch
Hazel Salve effects a cure. “I had a
running sore on my leg 30 years,” says
H. C. Hartly, Yankeetown,
“After using many remed ies I tried De
Witt’s Witch Hazel Salve.
boxes healed the sore.’’ Curesail skin
diseases. Piles yield to it at once. Be
ware of counterfeits. City Drugstore,
Jacksonville, and I)r. J. Hinkle, Cen
ances of Mr. Bryan upon this question
were in absolute and exact accord.
They both believed and had declared
that tbe forcible annexation of a coun
try without tbe consent of its people
would be a crime, and If tbe adminis
tration had adhered to that noble senti
ment as faithfully as Mr Bryan ad
hered to ft there would have been no is
sue. no conflict of opinion between
them. Mr Br.vnn did not seek to make,
and be did not majte. an issue with the
nduiinistrst!t>n. It was not until the
administration hud alcunloued the posl-
t’on which they had occupied in com
mon that he found himself in conflict
with its vfewa. The only basis for the
charge that Mr. Bry an seized upondhis
question for un issue rests upon the
fact, and u|ion that fact alone, that lie
refused to abandon ills own declared
convictions simply because a Republic
an administration bad reversed its
But. Mr. President, we are told that
we must wait until we can educate tbe
Filipino people and instruct them in
the art of self government. But bow
much time do you propose to consume
in your ridiculous experiment? What is
the course in, your politieal kindergar
ten? llow many ages of spelling and
parsing, how many centuries of wres
tling with the parts of speech, before
your pedagogue statesmanship Will
have done its perfect work? The pres
ident of the United. States says it is a
long and painful task; he says that it
has taken our race, starting far in ad
vance of the Filipinos, a thousand
years to master the lesson of self gov
ernment. and the implication is that
it will take tbe Filipinos a great deal
longer than that. We are not to hold
them permanently. We want to exper
iment with them for only a thousand
years or so.
The president of the United States is
a large minded, broad visioned man.
lie comprehends endless cycles in the
sweep of his glance. A thousand years
in his sight are but as yesterday when
it is passed, and the duration of a geo
logical epoch is like waiting for a car.
To a man of such serene and composed
and restful temper an eon or two
more or less Is a matter of small conse
quence. But unfortunately there are
some people who have hearkened to the
doctrine of the strenuous life and to
whom ten centuries seem a long time
to wait. Mr. President, we ought to
have some better argument than that
given in the president's misreading and
mininterpretation of history before we
consent to do so.
The truth is that the experience of
our race is the strongest argument in
all history against the very experi
ment we are now attempting in the
Philippine Islands. Tbe truth is that
long before our Teutonic ancestors bad
reached the stage of culture now pos
sessed by every Christian Filipino com
munity they were a free, democratic,
self governing people. The truth is that
all this vast superstructure of free gov
ernment under which we live was but
reared upon tbe foundations laid by our
rude forefathers in the German wilder
ness before their recorded history be
The idea that you are going to trans
form the character of a whole people
simply by teaching them to read in
English “This is a horse" or to parse
“The bird flies swiftly,” that you are
going to give them practical instruc
tion in American institutions by setting
up a carpetbag government for them
to look at and pay taxes to, the idea
that you will teach them to govern
themselves by making them bear the
burdens of a foreign government, is the
wildest, tbe craziest, the most fantastic
dream that ever flitted through a luna
tic’s brain. You might as well suppose
that a horse can learn to think by bear
ing a philosopher upon bls back.
We have had some very moving elo
quence with respect to the great work
we are dqjng by conferring upon the
people there tbe blessings of education.
One would imagine to bear some of the
s[>eecbes made on this floor that we are
doing all this at our own expense; that
we are performing some act of heroic
and supreme self sacrifice. As a matter
of fact we are simply levying a tax of
$2.000.000 per annum upon the Filipi
nos themselves in order that we may
pay high salaries to American school
teachers and provide profitable con
tracts for American book publishers.-
When we are asked, sir. to give you
time, a thousand years or so. in which
to elevate tbe character of the people
and teach them the lesson of self gov
ernment. we say tbe course you are
now pursuing will not elevate, it will
degrade the character of the people and
will utterly unfit them for self govern
ment. Tbe mistakes, tbe errors, the
blunders, you ar<» making at this very
moment are not questions *o be consid
ered ten centuries hence. They demand
the present consideration of the Amer
ican people. And because we will not
be silent while you go on In your blun
dering and criminal career, making
wreck of your own constitution and tbe
liberties of a people who have never
offended you except by asking you to
let them alone, we are to be held up to
execration and charged with responsi
bility for every drop of blood that has
been shed in the Philippine islands.
You may rail at the Democratic par
ty, but you can not rail the bloo«f a^ota
from off your own history. The respon
sibility for every drop of blood that
has been shed in the Philippine Islands
Is with you, and It will remain with
you though you wash your criminal
bands in the bowl of Pontius Pilate
Treason and traitor! A senator on
the other side of tbe chamber imagines
that be can hear soldiers in the Philip
Tell tbe traitors all around you
Their cruel word* we know.
I cannot imagine any soldier singing
any such song. I can only imagine a
lot of Republican demagogues singing
It, and I am sorry that one of them has
sung it on the floor of the senate.
So far ns 1 am concerned 1 have nev
er permitted myself to be disturbed by
this cry of treason. We have got used
to it down in my part of tbe country.
There is hardly a man of distinction in
my section of the United States who
has not at some time or other been de
nounced as a public traitor by some
public thief. Men have been denounced
as traitors because they opposed the
protective tariff. They have been de
nounced as traitors because they op
posed extravagant pension legislation.
So long as men have tbe courage to
oppose wrong and denounce it there
will be knaves to raise the cry of trea
son and fools to repeat the cry.
TALKED ON TARIFF.
Robert G. Smith Tells how He
Became a Democrat.
“Tariff reform and why 1 became a
Democrat” was the text of a talk
given by Robert G. Smith, the Demo
cratic nominee for representative of
Josephine county, at theoperahou.se
Tuesday. Mr. Smith's appearance
had not been advertised,consequently
there were not many present; but a
portion of those on hand made up in
enthusiasm what they lacked in
No matter what bis principles may
be, Mr. Smith is certainly a good
talker. He claimed the tariff question
made him a Democrat. He believed
that tbe Republicans had been right
on the money question, but that they
were all wrong on the tariff question;
and, in view of such belief, he had ex
ercised iiis right as an American
citizen to change his politics. He
said he changed at a time when the
Republican majority was the largest,
so that he could not be accused of turn
ing for the purpose of hunting office.
Mr. Smith said the present gigantic
trusts were the outcome of a high-
protective tariff. He illustrated bow
a man cannot wear or eat anything
that is not made by the trusts. Be
cause of tbe High tariff in the hrst
place, and thecombinatlons of capital
in the second place, the price of
everything we consumed, he claimed,
was higher than in any other country
He said free trade was tbe only
remedy for the trusts, and that we
could afford it, for America was able
to compete with any country in the
world. He said the working people
of tbe United States were being bled
by the great trust octopus. He
said such a thing as the beef trust
would cause a revolution in almost
any other country but America. Mr.
Smith seemed very much in earnest
about what be said, and made an im
pression upon a part of his hearers.
When asked if there was any
truth in the statement that he
had offered to pay $20,000,000
for the Philippines, provided he
was authorized to announce to
the Filipinos that their independ
ence would lx? acknowledged
ultimately by the United States,
Andrew Carnegie replied; “Yes;
and I meant it.”
People living along the lines of
the Southern Pacific will rejoice
to hear that the passenger fare
is to be reduced to three cents
per mile. Under its new policy
this road has given several sub
stantial concessions as showing
itself anxious to develop the ter
ritory tributary to its system.
Thousands oi whom sur
vived the recent eruptions, are
fleeing from the Island of Mar
tinique, fearing another out
break. Mount Pele is in an active
state, belching out fire and
smoke, and this,accompanied by
underground rumblings and re
verberating detonations, have
thrown the entire population in
to a state of wild terror, causing
them to flee as rapidly as they
can obtain transportation.
Sam Tryer win in Medford a few
Supt. Dally was in Medford Friday.
He is visiting schools.
Mrs. L. A. Lucus Is at Grant's Pass
visiting her husband.
Dr. G. B. Cole of Central Point was
among our recent visitors.
Under Sheriff McCarthy was a
Medford visitor Thursday.
Capt. Nash has returned from a trip
to his Josephine county mine.
E. DeRoboam of Pooh Bah and his
wife were in Medford Friday.
Emmett Barksdull was among the
politicians in Ashland Friday.
Dr. and Mrs. C. R. Ray of Gold Hill
were among our visitors Friday.
A gold medal for the best apple exhibit at the Charleston fair has been
awarded to 8. L. Benneot. He has received a card from Col. Doscli, announe
ing that fact aud stating that the gold medal will be sent Immediately.
The exhibit of apples which captured the prize over competitor» from
every part of the North American continent was of the Spllzenburg, New
ton Pippin and Oregon Spy varieties. The latter Is a new variety, a seed
ling grafted by Mr. Bennett from a Iprout grown on tbe farm of J. Scott.J.II.
Stewartnays he thinks it is across between a Winesap and a Northern Spy.
However that might te it 1» not like either, except that It. lias the delicate
flavoring of both varieties. It is variegated in color, similar to the skin of a
rattlesnake; but the color Is ho delicately blended as to give it a rich appear
ance. It attracted great attention al the fair, and crowds of people wanted
to handle the apple» to see if they were real and not m ule of wax. The
variety promises to outrival even the famous Medford apples, wlilcti have a
reputation on two continents.
E. J. DeHart got back yesterday
LORD PAUCKFOTK DEAD.
from a short trip to Portland.
ashington , I). C., May 28.—Lord Pauneefote, the venerable
Carl Narregan has returned from a
British Ambassador, died this morning at 5:30. He passed away
professional trip to Grant's Pass.
Mrs. Ernest Elliott of Portland is quietly, surrounded only by immediate friends. Congress will
visiting her mother, Mrs. J. Tressler. pass resolutions of sympathy and President Roosevelt is preparing
Mrs. R. W. Gray visited friends liv ft message of sympathy for the British government. 1 he body will
ing in Jacksonville Thursday and Fri be sent home to England for burial, but before leaving it will lie
honored by services including the leading men of the nation.
Miss Dollie Rose of Phoenix was the
guest of Miss Lila Sackett during the
, M ore rivers of fire .
F ort D e F rance , Mav 28.—The inhabitants continue to flee
A. R. Hubbs, Deuel & Co.'s clevor
salesman. spent Sunday afternoon iu from the island of Martinique, although the vomiting fires of Mt.
Pelee arc growing less in force. Over 40,000 people have fled the
Fred Luy, Jr., and his family visited island in the last few days,find as many more would have gone but
relatives iiving In Jacksonville the
for the lack of transportation facilities. Many of the business
forepart of the week.
E. C. Welch was in Jacksonville, places in Fort De France have been closed, the owners leaving so
Thursday, in the interest of the Mod- suddenly as to take nothing with them put what they could carry.
ford Furniture Co.
On the east side of the Island are a large numlx.*r of ]x.*ople includ
H. E. Boyden is being visited by Mr. ing women and children imprisoned between streams of red-hot
and Mrs. R. S. Maple of Sheffield, 111.,
lava. When the mountain resumed ojierations anothercrater was
who are old triends.
formed, which is overflowed with lava,the seething mass boiling
L. H. Faucett, who is in Southern
California for the benefit of his health, down the mountain sides into river of fire, scorching and burning
feels much improved.
everything in their path and surrounding the unfortunate in
J. D. Heard has gone to San Fran habitants. A number of jx?ople [terished.
It was feared the H‘-
Ho is putting up a maining survivors would |x-rish from starvation,even if they escap
smelter at Chloride, A. T.
ed the lava, but since the mountain is subsiding hojx's arc enter
Geo. E. Neuber of Jacksonville and
Relief parties have been formed
J. C. Hall of Gold Hili sjient a few tained for their immediate rescue
hours in Medford Thursday.
and as soon as the lava cools sufficiently it will be bridged so
Philip Ritter of Linn county, a that the imprisoned ones can cross to places of safety.
brother of Mrs. M. Bellinger, has been
The French Ministry is reconsidering the evacution of the Island
here lately, visiting his relatives.
although many continue to leave.
A. C. Hubbard has gone to Klamath
county, to sell machinery, in which he
is an adept. He is accompanied by his
T. Gilchrist, who has been promi
nent in the mining history of Montana,
is visiting H. B. Nye. He may locate
H. M. Coss of the COSS PIANO HOUSE has just
N. H. Spencer and his family have
arrived from Portland, where he made his final arrangc-
become residents of Cottonwood, Calif.
We wish them success in their new 3 > ments with the Filer’s Piano House for the
agency for the foliowing pianos and organs:
Mrs. E. M. Lumsden is visiting at
Portland and Tacoma. She will go
East soon,accompanied by her brother,
F. W. Hutchison.
G. W. Donnell, of Grant's Pass, the
S. P. roadinaster, and his wife were
guests of Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Shearer
one day this week.
H. Mann, candidate for joint repre
sentative, ¡»canvassing Douglas county.
His opponent, J. M. Hansbrough, is «
doing likewise in Jackson county.
For the following Counties: —
C. H. Pierce has gone to San Fran
cisco, to receive treatment for his leg,
which was hurt a number of months
ago. He has been joined by his wife.
Miss Ella Hanley, who has I>een visit
ing in Medford, a few days ago left for
For lowest prices and best of terms, see If. M. COSS
Alaska, to spend the summer. She
His motto is small profits , quick
was met at Seattle by hei brother Ed.
and QUALITY unsurpassed,
Mrs. Alice Rosenbaum of Wolf creek
passed through Medford Friday, eti
route to California. Her health has
improved considerably since her trip.
Mrs. A. T. Drisko and Miss Myrtle
Head office, MEDFORD, OREGON.
who represented Olive
lodge in the Rebekah state conven
tion, returned from Newport yester
Mrs. J. Barneburg has returned
from a visit to Grant's Pass. She re
ports that the health of her sister,
Miss Mae Kellogg, is considerably im
W. I. Vawter, I. A. Webb and H.
G. Nicholson, who represented the local
A T I T
But if you are going East wrilS
lodge in the meeting of the grand lodge
of Odd Fellows held at Newport, got
us for our rates and let us tell vo®
about the service and accommU
Wilbur Jones, Democratic candidate
dations oflered by the
for county assessor, was in Ashland
Thursday, accompanying his aunt,
Mrs. D. K. Jones of Lake county, that
far on her return home.
through TOURIST CARS via th
L. Hlineman of Siskiyou county, Cal.,
tbe well-known stockman, is among us
ILLINOIS CENTRAL from PACIFIC)
again. He has bought more than a
COAST to CHICAGO and CINCINNATI.
thousand head of cattle in Southern
Oregon during the past year.
Don’t fail to write us about your trip, as we are
J. H. Ray, who represents a syndi
in a position to give you some valuable informa
cate of London capitalists, is at Waldo,
tion and assistance. 5319 miles of track, over
Josephine county, accompanied by P.
which is operated some of the
M. Williams, an experienced miner,
who will take charge of the company’s
interests t here.
T. P. VanOrsdal, wjio Is a horti
culturist living near Topeka, Kan.,
For particulars regarding freight or passenger
and a nephew of A. Pottenger, has
rates call on or address
been visiting in Moaford, accompanied
by his newly made wife. They have
J. C. LINDSEY,
B. H. TRUMBULL,
resumed their journey homeward.
READ THIS CAREFULLY.
Weber, Vose & Sons, Whe’lock,
Schumann, Stuyvesant, Victoria,
Sherwood & Sons PIANOS.
THE BUSDETT ORGAN.
Josephine oackaon, K laniath and the
Lower one-half of Lake.
DON’T FORET THE PLACE.
Illinois Central R. R
Strikes are agitating commer
cial circles in different parts of
the United States. These are
the outcome of dissatisfaction
and in a good many cases of
downright injustice. These la
bor disturbances always become
more violent just previous to a
presidential campaign. It is a
wheel within a wheel.
wealth of a good many capital
ists depends upon liberal laws,
and they need the services of
politicians to enact these laws.
T. F. & P. A.
The politicians, for their part, Miss Lottie Prachtof Ashland, who
142 Third St., Portland, Oregon.
must get the vote of the work has visited in Medford often, and Alva
Wilkins, a railroad man, were married
ingmen, for with the working last
They are spending
classes lies the balance of power. their honeymoon in California, at
To put it in slang parlance, the tended by the best wishes of numerous
They will reside at Duns
workingmen “have got onto the friends.
curves” of the politicians, and Dr.C. W.Keene,a prominent physician,
are playing with them at their and brother of Dr. Keene of this city,
own game. They know that will soon arrive in Medford, to bogjn
they stand little show of having practicing his profession. Ho will suc
their demands granted after elec ceed Dr. Stephenson. Dr. Keene was
tion. They must take time by impressed with the future of Medford
while visiting his brother, and believes
the forelock, and this they are this is a good place to build up a large Are the Leading Dealers in Gent’s Furnishing Goods, Hats. Boot
doing in a way that is paralyz practice. He is well known in Port
and Shoes, Crockery, Glassware, Groceries, Cigars, Tobacco
land, and at present resides in Canyon
ing commerce in a good many 1 city.
Tropical Fruits, Stationery, Notions, Etc., Etc.
Finest Trains in the World. I
MAX MULLER & CO
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drugglvt* refund the money It It tall* to cure
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U» A CALL