Washington independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 1874-18??, September 07, 1876, Image 1

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Evary Thursday Smlng,
Office, Old Court Ilouse,
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Washington Independent g
J Sinonuu... 4 0)' 5 50 TOO b0 10 03 IT BO 37 60
Smontbs... IOC TOO t 00 1 1 On! II 0U A ) tt 00
I month... T BO 10 00 1 50 IS 00! IT W w B0 W 00
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Ttrat of ttnbscrlption (coin rates.)
Single copy per yr .' 7 tl 50
fctBgl copy six month 1 5.
Mngl number h.
Love, give me one of thy dear lunula to hold.
Take thou my tired head upon thy breast:
Then sing me that sweet song we loved of old,
The dear, soft song about our little newt.
We knew the song before the nest was ours;
We sang the song when first the nest we
We loved the song in happy after-hour,
Wljen peace cuuie to us, and content pro
found. Then sing that olden song tr me to-night,
While I, reclining on thy faithful breast,
See happy vi.-lons in the fi: r tire -light.
And my whole soul is .satisfied with rest.
Better than all our by-gone dreams of Miss
Are deep content and rest secure as this.
What though we missed love' golden sum-mer-time,
His HUtuum fruits were ripe when we had
To enter joy' wide vineyard in our prime.
Good guerdon for our waiting to receive.
Love gave us. 110 frail pledge of summer
But Bido by side we reaped the harvest Held;
Now side by side wo pass the winter tioins.
And day by day new blessing are revealed.
The heyday of our youth, its roseate glow,
Its high desires and cravings manifold,
The raptures and delights of long ago.
Have passed; but we have truer joys to hold.
Sing m the dear old so:g about the nest,
Our blessed home, our little ark of rest.
Ifnrpff'g Jinzinir.
Behind Time.
In '3'3 there wasn't a likelier fellow on the
line than George Kirke. He was the son of
a poor man, ami his mother whs dead. His
father was a confirmed invalid of the
rheumatic order, ami George played the
dutiful sou to him in a way that would
astonish the young men of to-day.
Somehow, nobody kuew exactly how,
George had managed to pick up a good
education, and he had polished it oil', so
to speak, by a two years course; at com
mercial college.
Kirke begun on the Sandy Hid rail
road when he wa; about twenty-one or
two years old. First he was a brakemau.
This railroad business is a regular suc
cession, and, generally speaking, a man
has to work his way up. It ain't often
that he gets right up to the dignity of a
conductor at one step, with a chance to
pocket stray ten cent scrip, and the
privilege of helping all the good looking
and well-dressed ladies out of the cars,
and letting the homely ones, with babies
and baiidiN.es in their arms, sUimbleout,
as best fliey may, white he is engaged in
"talking to a man."
George did his duty so well that he
was soon promoted to ti reman, and after
lie had learned the workings of the ma
chine he was made engineer and given an
This engine was one of the newest and
best on the line, and was called the Fly
away, and George was very proud of it,
you may well believe.
I tell you now, sir, your true engineer ;
one as is out-and-out for the business,
and feels bis responsibility, takes as much
pride in his engine as the jockey does in
his favorite race horse, and -would sit up
nights, or neglect his sweetheart, to keep
the brasses and filagrees of his machine
so's you could see your face in 'em.
There was another man wanted George's
chance. There's generally more than one
after a paying job.
Jack llaliday had been waiting for
some time to be engineer of the Flyaway,
and when he lost it he was mad enough
to pull his hair. He was a brakeman,
likewise, and had been on the road full
two years longer than Kirke, and it
would seem that the chance really be
longed to him, but he was a quarrelsome,
disagreeable fellow, with independence
enough to have set an emperor up iu
business and still have some left.
When Jack realized that George had
got the inside track of him, Ins anger
was at a white heat. He cursed Kirke
and cursed the company, ami old Whate-
ly, the superintendent, and things gener
ally, until it seemed to he a pity that
there was not something else to curse, he
wasiu such a tine cursing order.
There was more than one thing which
made Jack llaliday clown on George
Kirke. George had been his rival in
many resqects, and particularly w here the
fairer part oi creation was concerned
George was a great favorite with the
girl-, for he wa handsome and generous,
and good-natured, and Jack was sarcas
tic, and always on the contrary side, and
the girls avoided him, as they always
should such a in in.
Well, all expected that ill would come
to George from Jack's bad blood against
him, and we warned him more than once,
but he always laughed, and reminded us
of the old saying that "barking dogs never
bite," which is true in the main.
, And, as the time went on, until two,
three, four months had passed since
Kirke's promotion, and nothing had oc
curreo, we iorgoi an aoout our appre
hensions of evil, and if we thought of the
matter at ail, we concluded we had
wronged llaliday by our suspicions.
It was a dark night in November, with
considerable fog in, the air, aud stron
appearance of rain.
i was at Golosha, the nortjiern terminus
of our road, looking after some repairs on
a detective boiler, and I was cumin
down to New York on the 7:UJ train
Kirke's train.
About seven there came a telegram
from old Whately, whoso summer resi
dence was nearly midway between Go
losha and New York, aud the old heathen
had not yet forsaken it for the city'. The
telegraph operator came into the engine
house where Kirke was at work, for he
was always at work, and read it to him.
Kirke made a note of it in his pocket book.
"Pay train on the line, will meet you
just west of Leeds, at 10:15. Spurt on
the siding and Deering's Cut, and well.
Kirke's watch hang on a nail beside
the clock. It was a faucy of his always
to haug it there when he was otT a train,
bo that he could make no mistake in the
He glanced at the clock, and from it to
VOL. 4.
his watch. B th indicated the same
hour, 7:15.
k7 :15," said Kirke, meditatingly, "and
we leave at 7 :50, ami the pay train meets
us at De-ring's Cut nt 10:15. Scant time
to make the run in this thick weather,
but it niti-t ie mauaged."
And he turned away to give some
orders to his fireman.
Jack llaliday was there, Jie had leeu
strolling iu and out of the room for the
past half h ur, smoking a cigar and
-swearin" at the bad weather. The train
did not" leave until near midnight, so
he had plenty of time to swear.
We all went to the dir and took a look
at the weather, and unanimously voted it
deuced bad, and then we walked up and
down the platform and smoked our after
supper cigars, mid by the time we were
through it was time for the train hands
to be getting into their places. JJoth the
doc J; in the engine-room aud Kirke's
watt h indicated 7:10.
Kirku was putting his watch iu his
pocket as he said :
-Garth, are vou g'Htig
with rue on the
No, thank ye," said I, get enough
of that sort of thing in my everyday life;
I i m to do a little swell business to-night
and take passage in a palace car. Want
to rest my back. Good night to ye, aud
hold her in well round li cky Hottom
curve. The road s a little shaky."
"Aye, aye, sir!" responded Kirke, and
he swung himsclf into position on the
Fl vaway.
The bell rang; I scrambled into my
compartment on the Pullman, and felt
honibly out of place among the silks and
broadcloths ami smell of muk; but I
w as in for a first-class ride, anil made the
best of it so ttfcctually that five minutes
after Gib-on, who now fancies he owus
all creation because he has got a silver
colli n plate on his breast, with conductor
on it, had shouted "all aboard," I was
sound asleep.
What occurred in other quarters to af
fect the fate of Kirke's train I learned
Old Whately, the superintendent of the
road, as 1 guess I have already said, had
a country residence in Leeds on a moun
tain spur, which commanded a view of
the surrounding country for more than a
score of miles. The line of the railway
could be distinctly seen in each direction
for tiltcen miles, aud Whately was wont
to say that his lookout was worth more
to the safety of trains than all the tele
graph w ires on the road.
Whately was a rich old bulfer, kind
enough in his way, but sharp as a ferret
in looking after tin; road hands, and de
termined that every .iau shouid do his
lie had but one child, a daughter; and
Floss Whately was the belle of the coun
try. She was brave, beautiful and spir
ited, aud more than once wheu her father
had been away, had' she assumed the
responsibility of directing the trains, and
she had always acquitted herself with
Old Whately was very proud of her, as
he had a right to be, and kept all the
young fellows at a distance, until it was
said lh it he intended keeping his daugh
ter single till the Czar of all the Hussiaus
came on to marry her.
This niifht in November old wnareiy
imi Floss were out ou the piazza of their
country home, peering through the gloom
Mid fog, for the signal lights of the Go
losha train, which was nearly due.
"It's devilish strange it doesn't come
in sight f said Whately, laying down his
ni'dit glass in disgust. "It is hard on to
tea now t They ought to show their light
round Spruce s Fond uy tins tune;
- ki . - - " 1 1 T
You telegraphed them, lumen
let them know the pay train was
road f" asked Floss.
on toe
"To hi? sure. Aud irood heavens! there
is the head light on the pay tram now!
See! not ten miles away, and running
like the devil, as it always does!
He pointed with trembling linger down
the valley forge, where, far away, a mere
soeek in the gloom, could be seen a bright
light, scarcely moving, it seemed, but
those anxious watchers knew it was ap
proaching at lightuiug speed
Father aud daughter looked at each
The truth was evident. For some reason
the train from Golosha was ten minutes
behind time, and it would not reach the
siding at Deering s Cut until the pay
traiu had passed 'beyond ou the signal
track. Ami then? Why, there would be
ax.olwr ih'iii tor the mornniir papers to
read under the head ot "Appalling Hil
w:iv Disaster !" and a few more homes
would bo made to mourn.
leather ant 1 daughter looked at each
other in dismay.
"Seiim can do it" said Floss, quickly
"If I can reach Leeds live minutes before
the train yes, two minutes, all will be
well. Do not stop me. father!" as he laid
hia hand on her arm.
"Hut vou must not go! It is dark and
dismal I v louelv ! No. Floss
"Shall I go, father? Selim knows only
me, and you could not ride him. I have
ridden darker nights. And he Is the only
horse in the stable. Don't you rcmem
beri The others were sent to town yes
liefore old Whately could stop her she
had ordered the hostler to saddle Selim,
ami she was alreadv buttoniug on her
riding habit with rapid, nervous ringers.
The horse came pawing to the door.
Floss sprang into the saddle, leaned down
and kissed her father's forehead.
"Pray heaven to spare me!" she cried,
hoarsely, and touching her horse with
her whip, he bounded swiftly down the
sharp declivity.
It was ruining steadily now and the
gloom was intense, but Selim was used
to the road, and the rider was courageous.
She urged him ou at the top of his speed,
up hill and down through Pine Val
ley, over Pulpit Hill, aud then she struck
upon the smooth road which stretched
away to the Leeds, some two miles, and
straight as an arrow.
She could see the headlight on the pay
train far down the valley distinctly now,
and to her excited fancy it seemed but a
stone's throw away. She eyeu thought
for a moment that she heard the grind of
the wheels on the track, but it was only
the sighing of the wind in the pines.
On, and still on she went. Selim
seemed to fly. One might have fancied
that lie knew his mistress was on an er
rand of life or deith. The lights of the
station were in view nay, she even saw
the station master's white lantern as he
rolled up and down the platform the
white lantern which was to signal the
approaching train to tell them to go on;
lor all was well! On to their doom!
She dashed across the track, flung the
line to an amazed bystander, and strik
ing the white lartern from the hand of
the astonished official, she seized the
ominous red lantern from its hook, and
springing upon the track, waved it in the
very teeth of the coining train.
Two sharp, short whistles told her that
her signal was seen, and a moment later
the train came to a stop, aud officers
ru-hed forward to confer with the train
from G dosha, w hich had not yet been
telegraphed from the next station be
yond. The man waited fifteen minutes before
Kirke's train slid on the siding, and it
was then known that but for the decision
of one voting girl, the two trains must
have collided four miles beyond Deer-
g's Cut.
When told the w hole story Kirke looked
at his w ateii.
The m m from the station looked at his.
Kirke was ten minutes behind time.
You want to know how it happened?
Certainly you could have guessed Hall-
lay did it. A man was found the next
lay who confessed to having seen Jack
ainpeiing with the time-piece in the
engine house that night, but he had not
thouuht of it, he aid.
Jack? Oh, he lett town ami was heard
of in Australia. His game was not a
Ami Kirke married Floss Whately,
else this story would not have been told,
because w hat would a story be worth
that did not end in a wedding?
The Pope' Love of Music
A writer says: "it is, perhaps, not well
known that Puis IX. is a very fine musi
cian. As a voting man lie cultivated ins
taste for music very assiduously, and his
voice was magnificent. Eveii now it is
very sweet aud powerful, and when His
Holiness sings at high mass all who hear
him are struck by the superb manner in
which he executes the difficult Gregorian
chant. The li: has always been a dis
tinguished patron of music, and it is to
him Koine owed the flourishing condition
f her Conservatory of Music, which,
however, has sadly deteriorated of late.
A few weeks ago the Holy Jrather met
Cappoci, the great composer of sacred
music, the leader of the superb choir of
the Yaticau. His Holiness congratulated
the mutro, and taking a valuable ring
from his finger presented it to him. At
the same time he ordered that the name
of Cappoci should be added to the list of
Knights ot the Grand Order ol bt. Greg-
. 4. .. i . . ..... . . ....
ory Hie liieai. wsnn as an iiiwiii iie
friend of Pius IX. and dedicated to him
i very fine march, which bears Ids name.
Gounod has also been frequently received
by him, and he lias given him several
notable dccorutioi.s. When the famous
prima aonnay i;arioiia uareiusio, uieu,
His Holiness ordered that the numbers
of his special choir should sing at the
funeral mass said for her eternal repose.
Pius IX. is at prescut much interested iu
the great church music question, which
is widely discussed in the musical world.
He disapproves ol the use ot profane
music iu churches, but at the same time
recently expressed an opinion that, as a
rule, what is usually called sacred music
was dull and dreary. He thought that
sacred music should be dramatic- but not
theatrical.' 'Mo n t real Gazette.
How to lbtiNo Custom to a Hotel.
The following useful hint to tourists on
their way to t lie Hartz Mountains is given
by a correspondent who has just ui rived
home from that pleasant region : "I was,"
he writes, 'sitting in the verandah ot a
hotel close to the waterfall, when a young
Englishman mounted on a donkey rode
gaily across the bridge. The rider was
going straight on up the road, when the
donkey suddenly turned sharp round and
made for the hotel. A desperate strug
gle ensued; the donkey was determined,
and so was his rider. The man itclabored
his rebellious steed till it kicked, reared,
and finally threw him. Meantime the
head waiter stood by my side watching
the conflict with a malicious grin. When
he saw the discomfited rider get up, dust
his knees aud proceed to the hotel, iu the
wake ot the donkey, lie turned to me
and whispered, w ith a confidential smile,
The gentleman might have spared him
self a fall. No one -comes by the hotel
without alighting and calling for some
thing. We feed the donkey for that
purpose.' "
Woman Love. These fellow mortals,
every one, must be accepted as they are;
you can neither straighten their noses,
nor brighten their w it, nor rectify their
distiosittons; and it is these people
among whom your life is passed that it
is useful you shoild tolerate, pity, and
love; it is these more or less ugly, stupid,
inconsistent people, whose movements of
goodness you should be able to admire,
for whom you should cherish all possible
hopes, all possible patience. And I would
not, even if I had the choice, be the
clever novelist wl.o could create a world
so much better than this, in which we gat
up in the morning to do our daily work,
that you would be likely to turn a harder,
colder eye on the dusty streets and the
common green fields on the real breath
ing men and women, who can be chilled
bp your indifference or injured by jour
prejudice; who can be cheered and
helped ouward by your fellow-feeling,
your forbearance, your outspoken, brave
justice. George Eliot.
Pater napkin? aud paper handker
chiefs are among the novelties being ex
ported from the East. They are sheets
of fibrous mulberry paper, so well known
in our tea packages, in size about seven
teen by twenty incfies, are very soft
and flexible, and are printed with a neat
, border.
Passions that Iiidnco Disease.
The passions which act most severely
on the physical life are anger, fear,
hatred and grief. The other passions are
comparatively innocuous. What is called
the passion of love is not injurious until
it lapses into g ief and anxiety; on the
contrary, it sustains the physical jwiwer.
What is called ambition is of itself harm
less; for ambition, when it exists purely,
is a nobility lifting its owner entiicly
from himself into the exalted service of
mankind. It iijures when it is debased
by its meaner idly, pride; or when stimu
lating a man to too strenuous elf rts al ter
somegreat object, it leads him to the
performance of excessive ment aj or phys
ical labor and to the consijueuce-i that
follow such cil'oit.
The passion called avarica, according
to my experience, tends rather to the pre
servation of the body than to its detei io
ration. The avaricious man, who seems
to the luxurious world to be debarring
himself of all tiie pleasures of the world,
and even to be exposing himself to the
fangs of poverty, i generally plating
himself in the precise conditions favor
able to a long and healthy existence. IJ
his economy, he is saving himself from
all the worry incident to jienury; by his
caution he is scieening himself from all
the risks incident to speculation or the
attempt to amass wealth by hazardous
means; by his regularity of hours and
perfect appropriation of the sunlight, in
preference to artificial illumination, he
rests and works in periods that precisely
accord with the periodioy of nature; by
his abstemiousness in living he takes ju-t
enough to live, which is precisely the
right thing to do according to the rigid
natural law. Thus, in almost every par
ticular, he goes on his w ay freer than other
men from tlie external causes of all the
induced diseases, and lettcr protected
than most men from the worst conse
quences of those diseases which spiing
tiom causes that are uncoutrollabie.
Jr. IF. It. llichiinUoit.
The Hevi.thkci.nkss of Lemons.
When people fee! the need of an acid, if
they will let vinegar alone and Use lem n
or sour apples, they would feel just as
well satisfied, and receive no injury. And
a suggestion in ly not come amiss as a
good plan when lemons are cheap in the
market. A person should, in those times,
puicnase several uo.eu ai iu e, aim n e-
1 .i I e I
pare them lor use in the warm ays of
i . . i ,i
doen at once, and pre-
spring and
summer, when acids, cs-
peeiaily citric or malic, or the acids off
: ...... .... if
lemons, and ripe Iriiif, are sograteiui and
useful. Press your hand on the lemon,
and roll it back ami forth briskly on the
table to make it squeeze more easily;
then press the juice into a bowl or tum
bler never into a tin; strain out all the
seeds, as they give a bad taste. Remove
all the pulp from the peels and IhmI in
water a pint to a dozen pulps to ex
tract the acids. A lew minutes honing
is enough, then strain the water with the
juice of the lemons; put a jMiund of w hite
sugar to a pint t the juice ; boil ten min
utes; bottle it, and your lemonade is
ready. I '.it. a teispoonful or two of this
lemon syrup m a glass id water, and you
have a cooling, healthful drink.
Sick Heap vein;. This distressing
complaint can generally Is relieved by
soaking the feet in very warm water, iu
which a spoonful of jwmdered mustard
has been stirred. Soak as long as possi
ble, or till the water fets cool; it draws
the blood from the head. Another
quieting remedy is to scald sour milk till
it wheys oil; make a bag of thin muslin,
ami strain it oil", not very dry, and put
the curd in the bag, upon the head, as
warm as it can be borne; it will relieve
the pain in a few moments. Some such
simple remedies are far preferable to
drugs or to doctor's prescriptions; they
relieve as quickly, and are cheaper, as
well as more readily applied.
MiscEuC'Aiin.voE. Cut up the cabbage
heads into qti titers or eighths, or smaller,
and stew gently two hours, doing the wa
ter well out; measure it, ami put into a
porcelain-lined stew pan an equal measure
of thick stewed tomato, adding to each
quart one spoonful of finely minced
onion; let this cook five minutes, and
then add the cabbage chopped up fine;
mix well till all is hot, and then serve.
This should le stiff enough to make up
in shae on a platter. The edge of the
platter may be garnished with slices of
boiled beet, or with baked tomatoes.
Tomato Fio. Take six pounds of
sugar to sixteen pounds of liuit, scald
ami remove the skins in the usual way,
cook them over the fire until the sugar
penetrates them and they are ciarilied;
take them out, flatten, spread on dishes,
ami dry them in the sun; keep the syrup,
and sprinkle a little of it over them oc
casionally while they are drying, after
which pack them in boxes; spi inkle pow
dered sugar between each layer.
Currant and Raspberry, or Cur
rant and Cherry Puddixo. Take
equal quantities of raspberries ami cur
rants, or cherries and currants; line a
pudding basin with a suet crust; tdem
your fruit; put it into the basin with
plenty of sutar, but do not put any water;
cover it with a top crust well fastened on;
tie a cloth over it aud Imn lor two hours.
Coolino Summer Bever'joe. Ilruise
any fruit you I ke, as cherries, straw lor
ries, currants, raspberries, etc , add water
and sugar to yoar taste, and strain it. It
should be kept in a cool place. Or dis
solve fruit jelly in boiling water, and let
it cool.
Lemonade Powders. Half a pound
of pounded loaf sugar, one ounce of car
bonate of soda, four tlrops of oil of lem
on ; mix, and divide in sixteen portions,
and wrap iu blue paper. One ounce of
tartaric acid in sixteeu white papers; used
as directed in soda water powders.
To Fasten Labels to Tin Cans. Put
a teasjoonful of brow n sugar into a quart
of paste, aud it will faston labels as se
curely to tin cans as to wood. House
keepers may save themselves much an
noyance in the loss of labels front their
fruit cans when putting up their own
fiuit, by remembering this.
Ltino in wait False scales.
Hours in England
There are few facts in the business life
of America which strike an Englishman
more forcibly than the absorbing char
acter of each man's pursuits and the se
verity of the lalor to which he subjects
himself. In London the tradesmen can
scarcely be eaid . to h ive commenced the
business of the day before 0 A. M., the
only exceptions being those who minis
ter to the early breakfast wants of the
community. Thu merchant is rarely at
liis office before 10 in the morning, and
the clerks and secretaries in the govern
ment establishment tire not at their jM;t
much before It a.m. The .amount of
work accomplished by the two !a-t named
classes is interrupted by a frequent gos
sip, the pcrusulof a newspaper and a pro
longed lunch, and nearly all quit their
desks for the day at 4 v. M. The Ameri
can employe, ou the other hand, is often
at his office at 8 A. M., many tradesmen
ojen their stores at 0 or 7 A. M., and dur
ing the long day the attention to duty is
incessant, only broken by half ail hour
allotted to lunch. Perhips there is too
much work done on one hide and too
little on the other. In A iu'rica w e press
into the t venty-l'our hours as much severe
labor as tn; human frame can bear; iu
England men do as little as they possibly
My personal experiences of the public
offices is not great, but I accepted a m
itiou in the India Office for a few mouths
dining the tenancy of the Secretaryship
by the Duke of Argyle, and this is how
the work was done.
On entering upon my duties I inquired
at what hour I might be exjectcd to be
present. The Assista nt Secretary turned
to the senior clerk of the department mid
asked him at what hour he usually came.
"Oh," he replied, "about ten an easy
ten say half-past ten." Good," I re
joined. "I w ill lie here at half-past ten."
The next day I was at my post. Not a
soul had arrived. There is an office for
the messengers, as they are called, in each
corridor, of which there are six in the
India office. I asked the head messenger,
an old man of sixty, when the clerks
might be expected. "Sir," he answered,
"they rarely come before eleven o'clock,
and "often later." Sure enough it was
a quarter-past eleven before they began
to drop in. To change their coats, arrange
their papers and interchange their inatu
. . . . , , I
final civil ties occupied the time until
1 ' ' 1
noon. Then thewoik began.
The Lawyer and tin Plow-boy.
A great many boys mistake their cull
ing, but all such are not fortunate enough
to find it out in as iw.l feaou as this oue
It is sat 1 that II ifu Ciioate, the great
lawyer, was once in New Hampshire
making a plea, when a boy, the son of a
fanner, resolved to leave the plow and be
come a lawyer like Rufus Choate. He
accordingly went to lloston, callel on
Mr. Choate and said to him: "I heard
your plea up town, and I have a desire to
become a lawyer like you. Will you
teach me how T
"As well as I can," said the great law
yer. "Conic in aud sit down."
Taking dow n a copy of IJlackstone, he
aaid, "Read this until I come back, and I
will see how you get on."
The Mior lny legau. An hour passed.
His back ached, his head and legs ached,
lie knew not how to study. Every mo
ment became a torture. He wanted Hir.
Another hour passed, ami Mr. Ciioate
came and asked, "How do you get on?"
"Get on! Why, do you have to read
such stuff as thisf"
"How much of it?"
"All there is fin those shelves, and more,'
looking about the great library.
"How long will it take?"
"Well, it has taken me more than
twenty-five years."
"Ilow much do you g(t?"
"My board and clothes."
"Is that all f"
"Well, that is about all that I have
gained as yet."
"Then," said the boy, "I will go back
to ploughing. The work is not noar so
haul, and it pays U-tter."
A Frenchman's Contest with Eso
msii. Our readers have doubtles heard
f the Frenchman who so sadly misused
shall and will. Falling in a river he
cried out. "I teilt drown; nobody hall
help me." Rut it is hard work for many
to whom English "comes by nature, to
use these words correctly.
Another Freuchinau was sorely puz
zled by the usual English salutations
In French the ordinary sanitation is
"Comment rout portez-vouaf'' literally.
How do vou carry yourself? It is signifi
cant of national character, for deport
ment, or one's physical carriage, is very
important in France. A friend one day
asked this Frenchman, who had begun to
speak English
"How do you do?"
"Do vat ?"
"I mean how ilo you find yourself?"
"Saire, I never loses myself."
"Uut how do you feel ?"
"Smooth; you just feel me."
A oentleman is a
rarer thin
Which, of
I than
some ol us ininit ior.
us can
onint out many such in his circle men
u-i...vr mm are treuerous. whoae trurn is
- . ...
i . . " . ; i ...i.
constant and elevated, who can iow. inc
world honestly in the face, with
it n H ml. manly sympathy for the great
and the small We all know a hundred
w hose roats are well made, and a score
who have excellent manners, but of gen
tlemen, how many? Let us take a little
Krran of paper and each make his list.
Sflp Help. As a matter of practical
philosophy, hardly anything can be more
essential io mc ounH
Mho.ihl fcet out in life with a correct under
staodingof how largely they hold their for
tunesin their ow n keeping. Be courageous,
but prudent: enterprising, but painstak
ing industrious and persevering; always
rememlering that the provcru.uiougn oiu
is still true, and will uever wear out
Providence helps those who help them
NO. 23.
, A Gpntlnmnn.
When you have fouud a man, you have
not far to go to find a gentleman. A
true, frank, noble man has alt the essen
tial qualities that go to make up the real
gentleman. He may lack th Hilish, re
finement, and easy address of the well
bred society man; but he has the ling of
the light metal, the genuine stamp of
worthy minlexHl impiinted upon his
character so pi duly that all may read it,
A nugget of iure gold is no less gold be
fore its coinage t hut afterward. A d iainotid
iu the rough is a true diamond all the
same. The coinage of the one and the
polishing of the other is not so much to
enli one the value, as it is to beautify,
and biing it into lrqo for use; but you
must have the gold before you can fashion
the dollars and the eagles; you must
have the diamond before you can fit it for
its setting; so you must have the man
bef ire you can make the gentleni in. A
gold ling cannot be in idu from copper,
nor a crystal be ch mg.d to a ruby, and
it is j ist a jui'ossible to ina aiifucturi? a
true gentleman' from un ignoble, unmanly
A gentleman, however humble in life
or circumstance, w ho makes th;f "Gold-u
R ile" the governing principle of all hi
actions, is many degrees removed front
the selfish man who five only for self,
and seeks only his own interest, even
though he were a millionaire.
A gentleman respects the lights and
feeling of others so much that he will
never indulge himself at their expense,
lie never parade himself before the pub
lic, claiming a larger share of attention
than is his due. and using scathing epithets
when he fail to receive it, bat his mod
esty causes him to shrink from receiving
even the honest tribute accorded to leal
A gentleman i courteous in speech, and
kindly in moaner to all--to the low as well
a the high, the poor as well a the rich,
lie slight no one, he never puts ou aii,
he never treats with contempt or ueglccl
the humblest of his fello w men ; he I not
apt to surmise evil; he is as sjo.v to take
offense as he is careful not to give it;
and he ha his feelings aud will under
such control that under the greatest prov
ocation lie does not give way to the use
of hasty, fiery or immoderate language.
He puts the Ut possible construction
upon the motives and act of others, and
is ever more ready to excuse their faults
than his own.
In short, a gentleman is modest, courte
ous, kind, and forbearing; he is frank,
genial, ami cordial ; he i honorable and
jK'ifectly tiusUottliy ; and if iu any of
these qualities he is found wauling, he is
lackiii!' iu some of the element that
belong to the make-up of a true gentle-mau.-CW
&iiifortl,in D. niorot' Monthly.
Timidity of Great Men.
Turenne, being asked whether he was
frightened at the beginning of a battle,
aid: 'Yes, I sometime feci great neiv-
oils excitement, but tlieie are unny ub-
dteru ofheers ami soldier who leel none
whatever!" Conde was much agitated in
hi first campaign. "My body trembles,
he said, "with the actions my soul medi
tates!" Frederick the Great, at Molwitz,
gave but little promise of ever becoming
a soldier. It is reinu ted of one of the
ablest friend of Washington that, in hi
first battle, his nerves quite gave wsy,
and that he had to be held to his post by
two soldiers; it was a if the hero a leg
tried to carrv him off in spite ot lumselt.
t is obvious to remark; mat distinguished
men, w hose nerves have thus completely
roken down, may thank their stars lor
being distinguished. Much is forgiven
them, for they did much service. Had
they been common soldiers, they would
have received as little indulgence for the
automatic action of their feet as the poor
receive for the malady of kleptomania.
There is, however, a special reason why
illowances should be in ide for generals
whose presence of mind has failed them.
V private has only io sunt in eyes io
langer and to confront it with that chieix
tie courage of which a great commander
spoke with envious diq u ageinent. lut
the skilled courage of a general i a vir
tue of a very different order. Hj must.
it were, h ve two selves. In dclioeia-
non. he must calculate ine exact nmouin
of danger to w hich he exposes hi troop,
and then, in action, the calculation must
le erased from hi mind, lie must
often say to himself, '1'eacc, peace,
when ho feels that there is no peace; ami.
by a soit of military faith, he must fight
as seeing a safely which i invisible.
It is true that Nelson exclaimed,
"What is fear? I never saw it." liuf, at
the time, Nelson was young; and against
his remark may bo set the saying of
Charles when he saw written on a
tombstone, "Here lies a man who never
knew fear!" "Then," observed the Em
iMror, "he can never have snuffed a can
dle with his finger;" or, as we should say,
such a man cau never have felt the first
touch of the forceps of a dentist. Chai les
V., no doubt, spoke from a comtnandei
point of view; and he may, like other
commanders, have felt the difficulty of
emulating the happy fearlesucss ol his
soldiers. f ort nt g Way llctiex.
Misstxo. A boy alxut twelve years
old called at a New ork polico station
to mve notice that his father was miss
ing. After getting name, street and num
ber, the captain said:
"Now give ine a inscription of your
lie is a man." said the loy.
"1 don't doubt that ; but I want his age,
height, color of hair, aud so on.
The boy was stuck, and after the
captain had vainly pumped him, he said :
"It's curious that a boy of your age
can't describe your own father,"
"He's my stepfather," replied the lad.
"I know he's leen around our house for
two or three year, but I never thought to
look at him very much. You can put
him down as a red-headed man, and 111
get mother to write out the rest."
The noblest spirits are thoso which turn
to heaven, not in the hour of sorrow, but
in that of iov: like the lark, they wait
for the clouds to. disperse, that they may
soar op into their native element.
Tho IhiMonians of '70.
The community a a whole was iliatin
guished by a very severe tone of m inner,
In which the light and free conduct of a
man of wit or pleasure seemed utterly at
viwiancc with the formal dignity and pro
priety expected from tlnse iu oflice. Ex
tenuis were nil-important, neglect of
appropriate costume a great levity. Gov
ei nor Shirley, indeed, a the hands of one
Thomas Thumb, E-q., surveyor of cus
toiiu and clerk of tho check, 1709, re
ceived severe censure for permitting him
self to be seen f sitting in a ch air without
a s.vord, in a plain short frock, uiindllid
shirt, a scratch wig and a little rattan 1"
I f the cost utno of n people influences
national character, there seem mueli
reason to connect the polite gravity of
oiu R volutionaiy fathers wltu the for
inality of tln-ir die as. One would certainly
expect suavity and dignity a well as
graceful courtesy from a gentleni in lu
powdcivd hair and .1 long quell" J plaited
w hitctoek ; shi: 1 1 idll 'd at the bosom and
fastened at the wiist with gold sleeve,
button; pcach-hloom coat, with white
bill on, lined with white silk, standing
well oil' at the skht, stilfmcd . ith buck
ram; figured ilk vest, divided 40 that the
pocket extended 011 the hip; wlack silk
small clothes; I urge gold buckles;
silk stocking; and Imv-'juui tercd shoes.
Wealthy families sent to England for
their Hue clothing, much of it being made
m well ns purchased in Loudon. 11 ys
wore wig-, queue, ami cocked hits.
Only military men and horsemen wore
boot, it was a poor fellow who wore
shoe-strings instead of buckles. No mat
ter how elegant otherwise his toilet might
have been, a shoe string would have ex
eluded hiiil from geuteel society as in
evitably a a f iock-coat or a colored tie
from the R iyal Opera House to-day.
As late a 1750 there were not more
thau three carriage or chailotsin R it'ti,
even among families of distinction. To
walk to a party or stay at home was the
only alternative, unless 00 were the
happy owner of a four-wheeled chaise.
There was a frequent interchange of din
ner and supper parties, but fewer
crowded evening entertainment than
now. The principal evening amusement
was card-play ing. Tables were bounti
fully loaded with provisions. Rusy peo
ple dined at one o'clock, some tit two.
I'o dine at three was very formal. Punch
drinking was universal, though it does
not seem to h ivo been carried to excess.
In genteel families a bo I, al ways capa
cious undolteii very elegant, win brewed
in the looming, and served with fiee hos
pitality to all visitors. An advertisement
f rom a" Uazdte of 1741 is sufficiently sug
gestive to oe.tr copying:
Exi r.ior.liinti y ri.ol unl very fresh Orange
Ju.ee, W liii ii romc ol the li si 1'iliull Tislei
picic. io Lruiiiiou, ul l per gail. AIo very
uood I. hue Juke und ftiiru i to put inlu
f'uneli, id dit,' U.isket of LeuilUvin. Also
Ynti, it tl Lioii ml.
J. Cui-Miir, Letnniou Trader.
Theatrical entertainment were pro
hibited by law, though under the head
of "M oial'Lectuies" the law was some
times evaded. As late, however, as 17U0,
Governor Adam vetoed it bill for repeal
ing the prohibitory law, considering such
amusement immoral iu tendency, aud
totally unfit for a republican people.
Harper Magazine.
Racing f.r 11 Gra. Widowahlp.
A novel and exciting nice took place
between a married couple at this place a
few days ago. For obvious reasons we
hall suppress their mimes, l'hey had
been on a visit Io some friends, some
seven mile north et of Pella, and got
up a quarrel between them, j it a such
things commonly happen. Ho I one of
tlioe kind of fellow that when he says a
thing he means it and stick to it w hether
right or wrong. She, a masculine, healthy
and well-propoi tioned female, does not
Pelieve lu saying yes when she means no.
So for a time they had it up and down
vi ith word 4. I heir eyes fl nlied fire, and
it looked as if there would be a battle,
si hen the woman proposed that they had
better settle their quarrel by running a
race to IVlia; whoever should be the first
at their residence, all the property would
belong to and the loser was to walk
niielly out and "vamoose the lunch,"
never to trouble the w inner again. Tho
m in, confident in'liiinself a 11 pedestrian,
agreed to this, and proposed that they
h mid start at that time. He threw oil
hi coat, she tightened her corset and
otherwise prepared herself for the trial of
peed mid endurance, and then they start
ed. Adam took the shortest way by cut
ting across farm. Eve kept the main
thoroughfare. Wo did not witness the
luce, consequently we cannot say how
I hey stepped, but (he result was iu favor
j. 1 ! it .11
ol the woman, who uai a ptaiii, wen
beaten tiack, while the mm, thinking to
be the gainer by the short truck, watha
loser 011 account of the soaky condition
of the sloughs, w hich were hardly puss
able. I lie woman IS now a sweet samplfl
of a gra-widow. Kaoxville (Iu.) Dent'
Adaptability to Hu.im ss. It is cu
riou to note how few men we know who
are really adapted to their occupation,
aud how many who are bewailing their
fate, that tliey have not been placed in
some othor 'occupation ia life. It is 0110
of the most perfect states of happiness to
hat is
be engaged lu a hushies that is at thfl
same tune a pleasure. Such, we would
judge, mutt be the case iu nearly all tho
professions, where a man can enter into
hi work with hi whole heart, and enjoy
it every day. Rut wheu one works
against the will, and each day's labor ii
drudgery, and each release a relief front
pain, oh, indeed i labor a penalty I That
will be a model state of society where
each is employed iu tlte occupation that
is delightful to him. Attentive labor and
attractive education aro the solutions of
tho greatest social problems.
IvEcr thu tongue from uokindncn.
Word aro sometimes wounds; not very
deep wounds always, und yet they Irri
tate. Speech is unkind sometime when
there is no unkiudneas in tho heart; so
much tho worse that needless wounds are
inflicted; so much the worse that uula
I tentlonal paia Is caused.
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