Washington independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 1874-18??, June 01, 1876, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    Y
THE INDEPENDENT,
Every Thursday Evening,
-Bill.
B. U C 12,
Office, - - . Old Court IIouso,
HILLSBOttO, OKKUOS.
aaeiDe
mt Subscription (coin rates.)
Mb copy pr jMr ia SO
M! copy ili tnonth..... t SO
Magla nam bar 10
HILLSBOUO, WASHINGTON COUNTY, OREGON, THURSDAY, JUNE 1, 1876.
NO. 9.
WAT-
Washington
ndento
imonuw... 4uu s su Ton 1 40 10 oo 17 w rr w
I month.. . I 00 f 01 t HI 11 0U U 00 n SI 8b 00
1 1 month... 1U 10 0U II Kl li OH IT WJ 83 90 80 00
1 1 rr J io a, it oj oj as oo, io oj 90 oj 00
VOl,. 4.
Unrest.
There Is a chord in Memory's lyre.
Whose music thrilled my soul,
And wakes to lifts a slumbering tire
That kindled dares control.
The spwll thtit rests upon my heart
Is yielding to that chord,
And memories of the buried past
Are by its breathings stirred.
Each fuce that I have mourned in tears
In fancy greets my sight.
And voices hushed for long, long years,
Are culling me to-night.
Again I clasp the tTmtting hands
Whose pressure thrilled of yore
And feel the lingering touch of lips
That I shall It Us no more.
My soul is tossed with wild unrest
Upon a stormy sea.
And memory, with its visions blest,
Is all that's left to me.
Where waves of sorrow surge and roll,
Without a depth or shore
Wanders my weary, troubled soul
In darkness evermore.
Yet though my barque is on the sea,
With naught to guide its way
Tho' billows dark rush over me
With unrelenting sway
The visions of those vanished year
That haunt my heart to-night.
May lift the veil of storm and tears.
And lead me to the light.
Alexander T. Stewart.
POME
PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS BY A
CONFIDENTIAL CLEKK.
The Boston Commercial Bulletin says
The daily papers all through the week
have given more or less space to the lead
ing known events in the late Mr. Stewart s
life, eovering that ground, very fully;
but, as one of the Bullet iiSg present ed
itorial force was for nearly three years in
A. T. Stewart fc Co.'s counting-room, and
during that time had daily specific duties
which necessitated persona! interviews
with Mr. Stewart, his recollections may
add something fresh.
In all that has ever been written of
this gentleman in times past the closest
interest has beeu taken. Ins great
wealth, its steady accumulation from an
original investment of $2,000, his sole
capita!, and the example iie has afforded
ot America s opportunity tor the Indus
trious and prudent, gave almost a tinge
of romance to his possession and induced
a searching curiosity in regard to the
methods ot his success.
Mr. Stewart was about five feet six
inches in height, weighing probably
about 140 pouuds. He was of light
complexion, wearinga full beard, always
clipped close, the upper lip shaven. His
hair was always kept rather short, ami
ran a little thin, particularly back from
the forehead. Ilis hair and beard had a
sandy tinge. His eyes were a grayish
blue. Anger was only visible in them,
seldom if ever in his manner. When
provoked, his eyes, which were medium
sized and with large pupils, would snap
to a purple tinge, a most peculiar color,
and in coming back to their original
shade would for at least three minutes be
a deep, clear blue.
His otSce was on the second floor of
the wholesale department, and was the
center of three compartments on the
Chambers street side, divided off from
the 1 ace-goods department 1y glass par
titions eight feet high. Mr. Stewart
used an oak library table, 4x6, about
eighteen inches of the end of which
was kept clear; the remainder was
a succession of piles of papers, some
of which had not probably been dis
turbed for years, but about which, and
just where any special one at any mo
ment wa, lie positively knew.
He was a very methodical man. His
hours for certain duties were very regu
lar until the active progress on his
Hempstead Plains (Long Island), town
and railway, Fourth avenue hotel, Sara
toga hotel and other innumerable attend
ing projects began to demand greater
watchfulness, and then those having the
care of the details of these matters were
obliged to snatch a moment which might
be termed leisure any time between 9
A. M. and C P. m. It was Mr. Stewart's
custom to be at the retail department.
Tenth street and Broadway, every morn
ing by ten. Here he would meet his
partuer, Mr. William Libbey, who prob
ably had by that time been through that
vu.-tt establishment, and after a brief dis
cussion on matters of special moment,
likely to be under a roof with 2,300 em
ployes, and three or live millions of prop
erty. Mr. Libbey would take the stage
for the wholesale store, two mites further
down Broadway. Then Mr. Stewart
would go over the store and whore the
sales of a department one day had been
light he would have thrown upon the
counter the whole stock, ascertain its
cost, reduce its selling price if found too
high, and then if the sales were below
their proper or usual average he would
make speedy and strict inquiry into the
cause. If poor salesmen were the fault,
off went their heads; if bad selections
from the stock of the wholesale, then
woe to the head of those retail and those
wholesale departments, if his own or his
partners attention had not previously
been called to the unmarketable charac
ter of the gfds.
It is from audi cases as these that so
much unkind gossip in regard to Mr.
Stewart has resulted. Men losing situa
tions which they were striving honestly
to fill and men reprimanded for mistakes
they knew nothing of have told their
grievances to every willing ear, and the
stories, like the boy'a snowball, had
grown at each turn.
Men intrusted with responsibilities and
well paid for their talents have, when a
censure was their just deserts, turned it
upon some luckless fellow. These are
the misfortunes of life, and are alike
characteristic of school-room, shop, store,
office, army and church. A manufac
turer who has a hundred men employed
is rarely without some vexation of this
sort. But a man with nearly ten thou
sand men upon his pay roll, and scattered
in nearly every quarter of the globe, with
perhaps $500,000,000 involved in hid
daily transactions, has not the time to
follow every injustice. Others must be
trusted to carry out details.
That Mr. Stewart was cognizant of
such evils among Ids people is a fact,
and his secret charity was often, moved.
There are men in the custom-houses,
postnflices, railway companies, and in
other mercantile houses, who owe their
position to the quiet influence of Mr.
Stewart. Missing their faces alwuit his
stores,.Le has caused strict inquiry to be
madeftjf the cause of their absence, and,
w hile-'irffct disposed to ip-itate a really
vaIuaMman by overriding his folly and
decisions, he has ;iveu. hi .personal at-tentioif-to
the Pause of tlie wronged one and
secured. film jrtyttjbr situation elsewhere.
Mr. tewifr iisu jll Cjgpent two hours at
the ret;rWC?partment, coming down in
his carriage to the wholesale department
between 12 and 1. Upon his entering the
store he nearly always went directly to the
head book-keeper,lookedover his balances
and gathered results of the previous day's
work. Thence he went to Mr. Libbey,
and after half an hour's discussion over
the striking items in the morning's mail,
the price and prospect of gold and ex
change, markets abroad and buyers' re
ports, retired up-stairs to his private of
fice. Here he began to plan and puh
his many outside enterprises, mingling
with this work some of the more regular
affairs of the firm in decisions upon style
of goods to le made, of special purchases
to be confirmed, etc.
Only two men ever presumed to enter
Mr. Stewart's inner oliice unannounced,
They were Judge Hilton, his warm per
sonal friend and legal adviser, and Mr.
Libbey, his partner. Men for whose ser
vices the house paid $20,000 a year, men
high in mercantile, social and political
circles, messengers dispatched and re
turned with important and much-needed
facts, all equally awaited Mr. Stewart's
nod of recognition through the glass
door or the approach of the lad in at
tendance bearing Mr. Stewart's welcome.
Politeness was a marked feature of his
manner. He had a pleasant ''thank you"
for the poorest porter who did his service,
and always a civil speech, even under the
most exasperated circumstances. His
expression of disapprobation was ''tut,
tut," and in response to any story or re
port which he did not credit he quietly
remarked, "stuff." Profanity anddruuk
euuess were his abomination.
He was an Episcopalian iu his religious
tendencies, and, although not a vigorous
chuich member, had great respect for the
opinions of others. The purpose of his
partner to educate two of his sous for
the ministry was a matter of no little
pride with Mr. Stewart, and after they
returned from their studies in Germany
aud were settled in Princeton College
he was always pleased to hear of their
proficiency and progress.
He was a stickler for correct English.
Himself a college graduate, and tor
awhile a school-tcacucr in .New York,
his method of correcting a sentence in a
letter was by the closest adherence to
old-fashioned grammatical methods. He
dictated all the retail advertising, which
on Sundays, in most cases, occupied a
column in each of the papers. This was
regular Sunday atteruon s employ
ment, and, reviewing through his mind
the attractions of the several depart
ments, he would frequently close out a
w hole liue at the wholesale, send it to the
retail aud there open it at a price which
barely covereil the first cost ot the goods.
He believed in advertising, and tor his
retail business used the New York local
papers to what might have been styled an
extravagant degree.
In writing he used a large gold pen,
long nibbed and rather flexible, sat well
back from his table, with his left leg
thrown over his right. His hand was
rather scrawly, and to one unaccustomtd
to his penmanship, very difficult to read.
lie wrote very little an occasional letter
to the heads of his houses abroad, a short
note to some of the Senators or Cabinet
officers respecting the possible c fleet of
some contemplated financial measures, or
a few lines to his wife puptrin" her for
some visitor he would bring home in the
eveniug, or ot an unusual detention from
home. The extended ramifications of his
business, the many well educated and
shrewd men at home aud abroad in the
employ of the house, and his own k en
foresight, kept him well advised of the
condition ot' affairs all over the world,
and his advice was constantly sought by
the foremost men iu the nation. The de
sire of President Grant to mike Mr. Stew art
the Secretary of the Treasury gave
him a new ambition. He arranged to re
linquish all interest, iliiect or remote, in
the OUsiness of the firm, and would line
turned that vast income into charitaole
purposes. Iu NovemlKT, lSTif, w hen gold
went down to lOG 1-8, he made every
preparation for a declaration of specie
payments. An inveutory of the cost of
his merchandise was made, and with this
showing a shrinkage of about $3,000,000
on the hard pan basis, he entertained Geu.
Giant one afternoon, pleading for the
issue of a proclamation. With the failure
of this scheme he seemed to lose all in
terest in national legislation.
Ilis investments ou Long Island, Sara
toga, and in mill projeity were made
chiefly to find profitable uses for his sur
plus funds.. The death of Architect Kel
lum robbed the Hempstead Plains and
railway projerty of much of its iuterest
to him, but the Saratoga project was
pushed vigorously along because it paid
a good dividend from the outset.
The plans and specifications for all his
buildings he went oer with the nicest
care, and made it an invariable rule to
reduce every agreement to plain, unde
niable written statements. When build
ing the present wholesale store a flaw in
an ordinary drawn contract was taken ad
vantage of by one of the parties employed,
entailing a loss of about $20,000 upon'Mr.
Stewart. From that day he is reported
to have vowed "by the lor' Harry," tiis
only peculiar and occasional phrase, "I
will make all my contracts iudisputably
plain."
Fastijhws young lady (who has just
had the entire dre.-s gw.ds department dis
played) "I'll call again next week anil
look through all your new spring goods."
First SteumlNMit on the Hudson.
The steamlxmt itself is a romance of the
Hudson. Its birth was on the waters,
where the rude conceptions of Evans and
Fitch on the Schuylkill ami Delaware
were perfected by Fulton and his succes
sors. How strange is the story of its ad
vent, growth ami achievement! Living
men remember when the idea of steam
navigation was ridiculed. They remem
ber, too, that when the Clermont went
from New York to Albany without the
use of sails, against wind and tide, in
thirty-two hours, ridicule was changed
into amazement. That voyage did more.
It spread terror over the surface of the
river, and created wide alarm along its
Ixirders. The steamloat was an awful
revelation to the fishermen, the farmers,
and the villagers. It came upon them
unheralded. It seemed like a weird craft
from Pluto's realm a transfiguration of
Charon's boat into a living fiend from the
infernal regions. Its huge black pije
vomiting fire and smoke, the hoarse
breathing of its engine, and the great
splash of its uncovered paddle-wheels
tilled the imagination with all the dark
pictures of goblins that romancers have
invented since the foundation of the
world. Some thought it w as an unheard
of monger of the sea ravaging the fresh
water; others regarded it as a herald of
the final conflagration at the day of doom.
Managers of river craft who saw it at
night believed that the great red dragon
of the Apocalypse was loose upon the wa
ters. Some prayed for deliverance; some
lied in terror to the shore and hid in the
recesses of the rock, and some crouched
in mortal terror beneath their decks and
abandoned themselves and their vessels
to the mercy of the winds and waves or
the jaws of the demon. 'YUa Clermont was
the author ot some ot the most wonder! id
romances of the Hudson, and for years she
was the victim ant! enmity of the fisher
men, who believed that her noise and agi
tation of the waters would drive the shad
and sturgeon from the river. B.J.Los
sing, in Harper' for April.
3lore than a -Match for the Kobber.
A night or two since, about eight
o'clock, says the Central (Missouri) Iley
itter, a party of four men, among them
Jim Welch, a hard case, enteied William
McLaughlin's harness shop in Black
Hawk, in the course of a general con
versation, one of the party asked -McLaughlin
to "set up the drinks." He
offered as an excuse for not doing so that
he had no money. One of the gang then
asked him if he had not sold a set of har
ness that afternoon. McLaughlin said he
had sold some new harness, but that he
left the money received for the goods with
his wife w hile at supper. The gang passed
out of the shop, and, going into a dark
place, Welch constructed a mask for his
face from a piece of lining he tore from
his coat. Going to McLaughlin's house
and knocking at the door, it was opened
by Mrs. McLaughlin. He endeavoied to
push it in by force, but the brave lady
seized him and asked him what he wanted.
The answer was: "I want what money
you have in the house." She answered:
"You can't have it. I know who you are
you are Jim Welch," and immediately
tore off the mask. A short struggle en
sued, but Mrs. McLaughlin soon released
herself from his grasp and fled to a neigh
bor's house for assistance. Welch, be
coming alarmed at the turn affiirs had
taken, abandoned his purpose of robbery
and rairfor the mountains to conceal him
self. Mr. McLaughlin, being notified,
went in search of Welch, and finally found
him iu his own house, when he charged
him with the attempted crime, which was
stoutly denied. Welch declared that he
had done nothing of the kind, but when
all the facts were laid before him, he ac
knowledged the corn, but said he didn't
mean any harm by it. McLaughlin told
him he must leave town immediately or
lie would have him arrested. Welch took
the hint and left town next morning.
Dic k Lazyiiones was the owner of a
large dog. which cost as much to keep as
two pigs; and the dog was worse than
useless, and greatly annoyed Dick's
mother.
"Plague take the dog!" cried she. "31 r.
Lazybones, I wish you would sell him, or
do something or other with him. I won
der you keep such a useless animal."
"Well, well, my dear mother," said
Dick, "say no more about it. I will get
rid of him some of these days."
This was intended as a mere "get oil""
on the part of Dick; but as his mother
kept daily dinning in his ears about the
dog, he was at lat compelled to take ac
tion in the matter.
"Well, mother," said he, one day, "I've
sold old Jow ler."
"Have you. indeed?'-' she cried; "I'm
glad of it. How much did von sell him
for?"
"Ten shillings."
"Ten shillings! How glad I am! But
where's the money, my son V
"Money f" repeated Dick, taking a long
breath. "I didn't get any money, mother ;
I took two puppies at five shillings
apiece."
The Lvtkst Giant. An Irish giant
who anived in Baltimore last week is
thus described: Ileisa native of County
Derry, is seven feet four inches high,
large-boned but not stout, and his name
is given as James Allaiider, twenty-eight
years old. None of his ship mate are
tall enough to reach above his shoulders,
and some of them not much above his
waist. The motion of the vessel, which
requires all sailors to stoop in keeping
their equilibrium, has made the Derry
man round-shouldered, and at present he
is a very crooked giant, but he expects to
Ihj straightened out in Philadelphia.
There was entirely too much of him to
enable him to Ik; an efficient seaman, but
he expects to be a success in the show
business. The vessel made a quick trip,
coming across in twenty-eight days, show
ing that the weight of the giant was not
a hindrance to her sailing. Allaiider
says he is a gardener, and has a taller
brother. He is accompanied by a dog
weighing two or three pounds, which is
always at his heels.
Sleep the Rest Stimulant.
The best possible thing for a man to do
when he feels too weak to carry it through
is to go to bed and sleep a week if he
can. This is the only true recuperation
of power, the only actual recuperation of
brain force. Because during sleep the
brain is iu a state of rest, iu a condition
to receive and appropriate particles of
nutriment from the blood which take the
place of those which have been consumed
in previous labor, since the very act of
thinking consumes, burns up solid parti
cles, as every turn of the wheel or screw
of the splendid steamer is the result of
consumption by tire of the fuel in the
furnace. The supply of consumed brain
substance can only be had from the nu
tritive particles in the blood, which were
obtained from the food eaten previously,
and the brain is so constituted that it can
best receive and appropriate to itself
those nutritive particles during a state of
ret, of quiet, ami stillness in sleep. Mere
stimulants supply nothing in themselves;
they only goad the brain, force it to a
greater consumption of its substance,
until that substance has been so exhausted
that there is not power enough left to
receive a supply, just as men are so near
death by thirst and starvation that there
is not power enough to swallow anything,
and all is over.
Tortured Out of Shape.
It is related that u certain sculptor of
olden times chose live hundred beautiful
women from whom to model his Venus,
and among them all could not find a de
cent set of toes. If he lived now a-days
what luck would he have under tin
dainty little button boots, with their
sharp pointed heels': A soon as the help
less babv can put its foot on the ground,
and before it can complain in words,
shoes are put on it by w hich the width of
the toes is contracted fully half an inch;
and usually a stiff counter is ordered on
the heel, with some vague idea of
"strengthening the ankle." From that
time, no matter how watchful or sensible
its parents may be in other respects these
instruments of torture always constitute
part ot its dress. The toes are forced into
a narrower space, year by year. 'to give
a good shape to the foot," until they over
lap and knot and knob themselves over
with insipient corns and bunions. Then
high heels are introduced, and the action
of the muscles is hindered. The results
are a total lack of elasticity in the step
and carriage, and a foot inevitably dis
torted. Pirosrnours roil Insomnia. Dr. Cut
ter relates an interesting case in his
practice that of an energetic carpenter
who, in building a hot-house, was ex
posed to the sun's heat under glass in the
summer time, this exposure being fol
lowed by symptoms of disturbance of the
nervous system evincing a loss of nerve
force. Naturally of a cool temper, he
became excitable, was unable to cast ac
counts, his steps were rapid and manner
nervous, but sleeplessness was the most
prominent and perplexing symptom.
Chloral hydrate, bromide of potassium,
opium, sulphate of morphia and valerian
ate of morphia were successively tried
without avail. Finally, reasoning that
here was a case of loss of nerve force, and
knowing phosphorus to be a most im
portant nerve food. Dr. Cutter prescribed
one-fiftieth of a grain thrice daily in pill
form. In a few day the patient slept as
well as ever, and, discontinuing the pills,
has since had his natural sleep.
CriiE fou Epilepsy. A writer in the
Cincinnati Gazette recommends a cure for
epileptic fits which he has proved him
self after suffering more than twenty
years. He is now in good health. The
following is the remedy: Take of bro
mide of potassa two ami one half ounces,
dissolved in one pint of rain water. Dose,
a tablespoonful three times a day before
eating. Should your throat Iecome sore,
weaken it. If it should make you dizzy
headed, reduce the dose. Some con ti
tutious will not bear it as strong as others.
There is no Janger in the above remedy,
if you are careful.
Chicken Sai.ao. Boil the chicken
until done, in as little water as possible;
when di-me cut up into small bits; take
half as much celery stalks as chicken,
cut into very thin slices; have ready two
hard boiled eggs; slice the whites into
the chicken, mash and mix the yelks
with one tablespoonful of mustard; stir
iu h ilt' and half vinegar and the water in
which the chicken was boiled, as much
as needed to cover the salad, heat to boil
ing, aud 1 1 Mir over your chicken and
celery.
Icei.ano Moss Jf.i.i.y fgood for colds,
arid very nutritious in convalescence).
Soak for an hour four tablespoonfuls of
the moss in cold water enough to cover it.
Then stir it into a quart of I foiling water,
and simmer gently till it dissolves; strain,
sweeten to taste, flavor with juice of two
lemons, ami a little cinnamon if agree
able, and a glass of wine; strain into
moulds, and cxd before using.
Hu e Pi ddixo. Boil one cup of rice a
little while; beat well together three
eggs and oue-half cup sugar; add one
cup raisins, one quart sweet milk, ami the
cup of boiled rice; any seasoning pre
ferred can be added. Bake in a moder
ate oven one hour. To be eaten cold or
hot, w ith wine sauce or sweet cream.
To remove freshly spilt ink from
carets, first take up as much as possible
of the ink with a son. Then pour cold,
sweet milk uKn the sjor, and take upas
before, pouring on milk until at last i.
becomes only slightly tinged with black.
Then wash with warm water, and Absorb
with a cloth without too much rubbing.
Venetian Stew. Take one table
spoonful each of chopped onion, parsley,
flour, and Parmesan cheese; a little salt,
pepper, and ground mace. Mix, and
spread between some thin slices of veal.
Leave for some hours, then stew in rich
broth, with a good piece of butter.
Pop-Overs. Three large teacupfuls of
flour, stir in gradually three large tea
cupfuls of milk, three eggs, well beaten,
one tea-spoonful of salt. Bake in cups in
a very quick oven.
A Canadian's Encounter With Two
Ljnxex.
The Pembroke, Ontario, Obterter has
received the following from Jas. Calwell,
of Fort Coulonge, Pontiac; I started on
the 22d instant for Geo. Brysons's shanty
to do a piece of w ork I agreed to do, and
on my way back to the shanty I got lost.
After leaving Coulonge I kept the main
road as far as Mr. Armstrong's hotel.
then, w ishing to take a short cut tbrougn
the woods, I put on my snow-shoes aud
struck north, thinking I would reach the
shanty about 5 o'clock i. m., but alter
traveling some two hours alter night I
felt assured I was lost, and being much
fatigued and hungry, I made up my mind
to remain in the woods until morning.
After cutting some dry wood with my
ax, the cry of a lynx was heard. Being
afraid of it attacking me I crouched
down in my couch as low as liossible,
but in a few minutes I heard the cry of
another lynx answering, and so they kept
up their noise for over thitty minutes,
when, as I suppose, they smelt me. Then
they began to approach me, circling
around as if to take me by surprise. I
rose up to my feet, and taking my ux in
my hand determined to sell my life as
dearly as jKssible. Iu an instant one
sprang at me, but I was lucky enough to
end his lighting with a blow on the head
from my ax. But w hile engaged in com
bat with the one, the other sprang on my
back, and not being able to u.-e my ax 1
endeavored to pull out my knlle, luit my
hand w as so cold that I dropped it iu the
snow. So I had to Use my hands as
lively as possible to release its hold, but
before I could master it it had all my
coat and pants torn oil' me, and my back
so scratched as to make me feel f.tinti-h.
Alter lighting for about thirty minutes 1
succeeded in choking it with much
tumble. After the light was over 1 put
on my overcoat and got my ax and knife
deteimining not to sleep any more that
night. When morning came I skinned
the brutes, and then put on my snow
shoes and retraced my tracks till 1 reached
a farmer's house, where I got niy break
fast and a pair of pants to take tue to
Coulonge, wheie 1 purchased a suit of
clothes f rom a friend aud got my wounds
cared for.
Atoi'r Children.
Win. B. Astor had a superior wife, ami
she strove to do good among the poor, but
there were diliicuities iu the way, its the
public generally understood. They huv
two daughters, married to men of charac
ter, their names being Cary and Delano,
ami they live up town in handsome style.
There are three sons Henry, a weak
minded man who has been kept carefully
out of the public gaze, William and John
Jacob. Tne latter is a portry man of
large build and has passed his foitieth
year. lie is lieir apparent to llie largest
part of the estate, it Iwing the intention
ot the old man to keep it unbroken as
long as possible. Oi H illiam, the second
son, so little has been heard, that wcic it
not for his expected wealth he would be
merely one out of our million of iuhabit-
ints. Henry was kept formally years at
the farm in Barry town (between this city
ami Allianyj, and as he is mentally de
ficient it was intended to make that an
asylum for him. Hedefcated these plans,
however, by making a match withacouu
tty girl,w ho had no objection to hitch on to
an opulent family, aim tne latter w as taken
by surprise at an event w hich shows how
love laughs at capitalists. John Jacob
married aiut twenty-five years ago, and
the oldest sou hasjust graduated at the
law school. The ooject, no doubt, w as to
give him such an acquaintance with this
profession as will enaOle him to manage the
vast estate. Instead of setting up his sign
ami waiting for clieuts,he w ill find enough
to do in that oliice, w nich contains the
tleeds to forty acres of land in the most im
portant city in America. Io go back to
the idea ot the Centennial, what a differ
ence betw een the young Astor of the pies
ent day and his ancestor who a hundred
years ago was helping his father draw-
polk ou the bank ot the Uiiine.
The Ways or Two Ohatohs. No
man was so skillful as Pitt to answer the
questions of hi adversary without com-
uiuuicating the smallest inlonnatiou. He
was never taken off his guard. If Pitt
ever appeared in some eyes to grow
warm as he proceeded, it was with a
measured warmth; there were no starts
mid sallies and sudden emanation of the
soul; he seemed to be as much under the
minutest regulation in the most vehement
swellings ami apostrophes of his speech
as in his coldest calculations. Fox, as
ail orator, appeared to come immediately
from tne toituing hand ft nature, lit;
spoke well because he felt strongly ami
earnestly. His oratory was imjK tuoiis as
lliecuneutol the liver Khouc; uot'Ong
CjUid arrest its course. His voice would
insensibly rise to too high a key; he
would t un himselt out ot breath. Lvery-
thing showed how little artifice there was
in his eloquence. Though on all great
occasions lie was throughout energetic,
yet it was by sudden flashes and emana
tions that lie cieciiuien tne ncari, auu
shot through the blid of his hearer. 1
have seen his countenance liglited up
with more than mortal ardor aud good
ness; 1 have been present when his voice
has been suffocated with the sudden burst
in" forth of a torrent of tears.
A o it EES young man from Connecticut,
.who went to New York in answer to a
matrimonial advertisement, and alter-
wards wrote home that lied "become en
gaged to a beautiful young lady of wealth
auu arisioci ant vonuvvnns, ui in
his fiieuds by suddenly returning crest
fallen and alone. MWnere' your wife t"
was the general inquiry. 'The fact is,"
said he, "as we were waiting for the
clertrvman to come and marry us, police
officers came in, and arrested iny girl for
stealing, and I thought it best to post
pone the wedding a tittle while."
The New York Graphic is seeking to
show that Miss Fay, the medium, is a
humbug. Might as well devote two col
iimiiM to move that black is black, when
everybody but dolts admits it.
The Weaver Birth.
Many birds construct for their nests a
kind of canvas, composed of grasses
twisted together in a very compact man
ner, resembling a coarse cloth woven ujion
the loom of some primitive tribe. These
are in truth weavers who work up vege
table fibre like wool or cotton, possessing
only their beaks for looms, which they
use with great activity In order to inter
lace the fine stems of the grasses, and
form a sort of membrane difficult to tear.
These winged workers construct different
kinds of dwellings. Some consist of a
sort of purse, having in the interior sev
eral little panniers aflixed to its sides, in
which the female places her brmd. In
this case the entrance is frequently situ
ated in the lower part, which represents
a kind of gaping funnel; this is the fash
ion adopted by some troopials. Others
are simply long and large sacks with one
or more openings, which the aerial artl
sans susjm ikI to the branches of trees.
On this account the name of weavers
has leen given to a tribe of sparrows re
markable for the perfection of their work,
but other birds imitate their industry, al
though they belong to different families.
Some weavers, less skillful, content
themselves with twisting grass rudely to
gether, and forming a little cup of ft, in
which the female lies deeply ensconced.
It is in this that she carefully hatches her
eggs, watching all about her. The Fondia
erythropa builds one of these nests of im
perfect tissue.
The black-headed synalaxis is a much
better artisan, being a first-class weaver,
if not iu respect to the finish of her work,
at least in respect to its solidity. She
builds her nest with grass, entwining it
in a compact and inextricable manner,
ami generally makes it fast to tall water-
plants at a distance from the shore. This
nest is of a globular form and only dis
plays a little entrance on one of its sides,
through which the bird is able bo pass
with difficulty.
PorriNo the Qlestion, The efficacy
of either of the following methods of re
plying to gentleaien when "they pop the
question is recommended y an observ
ing philosopher w ho has beeu through the
mill:
1. Especially recommended to blondes
Pause, sigh very short, then open your
eyes with a good deal of wonder (of
course you have been trying to make It
out and can't), look your lover in the
face, and say, "What what can you
mean, Alfred?'' If the last words are
spoken with a little of the terrible, so
much the better.
2. Very suitable for brunettes Give a
start, a glance at the questioner, turn
aside, ami be unable to speak your emo
tion; one hand pressed high upon your
bosom will express this effectually.
3. Safe in the hand of anybody, and
generally considered a clincher Burst
into tears, eovering your face with your
hands. If you can't, droop your head on
the inquisitor's shoulder, and murmur,
"Oh, William!"
4. For "merry grigs" and nice little
girls, it is enough to say "No!" pout,
shake your shoulders, and look pretty.
A Shahp YutJTii. The Shepherd's
Bush B y can stand up with any other
boy in the world against an accusation.
The other day w hen his mother discovered
sugar on the pantry shelf, she called to
her boy and said :
"Some one has been stealing this sugar I
"Is it possible?" he eiclaimed, rolling
Ilis eyes iu astonishment.
"Yes, it is possible, and the thief isn't
far away."
"Ain't hef Do you suspect father? '
"No. I don't."
'Couldn't be the cat, could it?" he in
quired, glancing under the table iu search
of the feline.
'Cats don't eat sugar, young man."
"They don't?"
"No, sir; the thief is a boy about your
size."
'He is? I'd just like to catch him in
lire once."
"If this sugar is disturbed again," she
said, as she covered the box, "I know of a
boy who'll get his jacket dusted."
"I w ish you'll let mc stay out of school
so's to see you catch and maul him."
And he went out to devour the other
lumps.
Apartment Horsi-.s. This style of
dwcllingis coming iu vogue in New York,
where it is gradually driving out the ho
tel and the French flat system. Apart
ment houses, according to the description,
are for a class that is desirous of home
delights, w ithout any of the cares attend
ing them. Su far as this new class of
structure has leen erected, they are sought
for and occupied by the wealthy only.
Etch private hall communicates with the
oflice by a speaking tube. The buildings
are heated throughout with steam. By
means of the private hall, any member of
a family occupying a suite has free access
to the bath-room, parlor, or to the main
hall, w ithout disturbing any other inmate.
The children's rooms are placed farthest
from the parlors, and the sleeping rooms
arc so situated as to get enough fresh air
and a good share of sunlight. Free com
munication, with strict privacy, is in all
ce aimed at, the suites being each as
isolated as a private dwelling.
A Fkakkul Experience.- The sur
vivors of the ship Utrathrnore, which was
an emigrant vcsael bound from England
to New- Zealand, and was wrecked on a
group of uninhabited islands in the South
Pacific, exemplify the perils of tho sea in
a manner that falls to but few persons In
a whole century. These islands are very
near the Antarctic Circle. Nothing was
left from the wreck, not even a boat.
Those who survived to rench the rocks
subsisted for six months without fire, on
e birds, their eggs, and on tUh. They
had not a mouthful of bread or biscuit in
all that time. A few, who were wounded
in the wreck, died in consequence of gan
grene. A New Bedford whaler, cruising
in those latitudes, sighted their signal and
took them off. It was Capt. Gifford of
the Young Phaniz w ho did this humane
work, for w hich he will be blessed as long
as a single one of that little company
survives.
Throwing the Old Shoo.
Very few, probably, of tho thousand
who throw old shoes after bridal parties
as they are leaving homc,know anything
of the origin of tho custom. Like most
all our customs, it is ancient, and can ho
traced to Biblo times. It was then tho
custom for the brother of a childless mail
to marry his w blow, or, at least, ho had
the refusal of her. If lie chose to reject
her, the ceremony was public, and con
sisted in her loosing his shoe from his
foot and spitting in his face. His giving
up the shoe was a symbol of abandoning
all dominion over her; rpitting in his
face was an assertion of independence.
There was an affair of this kind hctwetm
Ruth and Boaz. Iu some parts of tho
East it was the custom to carry a slipper
before the newly-married pair as a token
of the bride's subjection. The custom,
as it exists with us, i very old aUo in',
Scotland. The usual saying is, that it is
thrown for luck, but originally it meant
a virtual renunciation of authority over
the bride by the patents. It was formerly
a custom among tho Germans for the
bride when she was conducted to her bed
chamber to take off her shoe and throw
it among tho guests. Whoever caught it,
in the struggle to obtain it received it as
an omen that ho or she would soon bo
happily married. Train, in his History
of the Isle of Man," suys, "On tho bride
groom leaving his house, it was custo
mary to throw an old shoo after him, and
in like manner after the bride on leaving
her home to proceed to church, In order
to insure good luck to each respectively,
and if by stratagem either of tliu bride's
shoes could be taken off by any inspector
on her way from church, it had to bo
ransomed by the bridegroom," In Kent,
after a couple have started on their tour,
the single ladies are drawn up iu one row
and the bachelors iu another. An old
shoe is then thrown as far as possible, and
the ladies run for it, the successful ono
being the first female w hom it is supposed
will be married. She then throws it at
the gentlemen, and the one who is hit by
it is deemed to be the first male who will
enter wedlock. Generally it Is considered
the older the shoes the better.
The Fiction of Hlmno by the
Queen. The visit of Queen Victoria to
the continent calls forth the following
from the London Timet: 4'For fourteen
years tho Queen has taken Bc.trccly a
formal part iu the business of govern
ment, and has lived reinoto from Minis
ters and their deliberations. But in return
she has given the most complete freedom
and discretion as regards the general
conduct of affairs to those who carry on
her government, and the little inconven
iences to individuals which are nojee,
times noticed may be fairly looked upon
as counterbalanced by tho growth of a
large and liberal constitutional tradition.
Looking at the general tendencies of iho
present reign, we are inclined to take
royalty as it presents itself to u, and not
to insist on constitutional traditions tho
sovereign allows to fall in abeyance.
There is, however, another singularity
about the departure of her Majesty just
at present, which would have caused quite
a constitutional panic in tho old times.
The Queen crosses to Cherbourg this
morning, the Prince of Wales at Cairo,
the Duke of Edinburgh is on his way
back from St. Petersburg, the Duke of
Connaught is at Gibraltar, even Prince
Leopold is at Nice, so that for days tho
sovereign, the heir to tho crown and all
his brothers will bo out of the kingdom,
and the royal lino will bo represented by
Prince Albert Victor of Wales, aged
twelve years. No regency act has been
passed concerning the young Prince, nor
have Lords Justices of tho kingdom been
appointed to take charge of things during
the absence of the sovereign.
Macfacti" he ok Isinglass.-Ono of
the most notable Industries of Hussia
depends upon tho sturgeon, tho swim
ming bladder of which Is manufactured
into isinglass. Tho bladder is first
placed into water and left there for some
days, with frequent changes of tho water
and removal of .all fatty and bloody par
ticles the wanner the water tho more
rapid the accomplishment of tho opera
tion. The bladders, on being finally re
moved, are cut longitudinally into sheets,
which arc exposed to the sun mid air,
being laid out to dry, with tho outer
face turned down, upon boards of linden
or bass wood. The inner face is pure
isinglass, which, when well dried, can
with care be removed from (ho external
lamelhe. ' The finer sheets thus obtained
are placed between cloths to keep them
from flies, and are then subjected to a
heavy pressure, so us to flatten them out
and render them uniform, ami after this
they are assorted and tied up in packets.
The packets Composed of tho isinglass of
the large sturgeon usually contain from
ten to fifteen sheets, and weigh a pound
and a quarter; and those of others con
tain twenty-five sheets, weighing a pound.
Eighty of these packages are usually sewed
up in acloth bag,or inclosed iu sheet lead.
A Joking Puophecy Fu.killkij.
The Noi ristown Herald says John Dixon,
of Kutztown, a well-known citi.cn, died
this week. A curious Incident is related.
Mr.' Dixon was sitting in a store-room at
Kutztown some time ago, when a young
man stepped up to him and said he would
not outlive April, although at tho time
Dixon was iu the best of health. An
other man came in and said that Dixon's
time was nearly at an end, and that by
the 15th of this month ho would be a
corpse. The prophecy only proved too
true. The man lies cold in death. It is
not known whether the Jesting prophecy
troubled him or not.
Thinking and Doing Bight. It is
much easier to think aright without do
ing right, than to do right without think
ing aright. Just thoughts may failof
producing Just deeds, but just deeds al
ways beget just thoughts. For, when tho
heart is nure and straight, there is hard I v
anything which can mislead the under
staudimr in matters of immerihita run.
cernmeut; but the clearest understanding
can uo nine in our ivinar an Imnura
heart, or the strongest In straightening a.
crooked one.
' i
l
t t
r
.
i I
in
i
s,
1 .
' J. "
-s.V .r- a Muff 4k, r "-" i