Image provided by: Hillsboro Public Library; Hillsboro, OR
About Washington independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 1874-18?? | View This Issue
I i '
Every Thursday Evening,
II. 15. LUCK,
Office, --. Old Court Koiuc,
IlIl.tl!OI to, OliKGO N .
LEGAL ADTRRTIIIKIITI (!.)
On squsrs or Ims. od tmerttoB II J
nraiivr.it adtkrtiukvbsits (cin.
4 q. !v com col l col
I montu....'l 00 4 Out 00 009 I 00111 BO W) 00
4 oJ I J Too! tlA
Trm or MuhtcriptioM (roiu rate.
Single copy ppr ypr f J SO
Mnsle copy nix inutitlm 1 SO
HILLSBORO, WASHINGTON COUNTY, OREGON, THURSDAY, APRIL 27, 1876.
2s oui ao on to o
The Farmer Daughter.
She lives within a quiet home,
model of the graces,
I ukiitiwn to ciiltiii'f's higher walk.
Or fashion's ijidily places;
A thoughtful girl, so sweet, so wise,
Willi earnest, face ami loving eyes
The fanner's gentle daughter.
From tnorii till eve the little maid
Is busy at her labor
SI. sweeps and d lists the ohl farni-hou.se
Ami luljis a poorer neighbor;
No gossip will she listen to
.(A merit run', 1 own to J'ou),
So lives the farmer's daughter.
On Imkini; days her tiny hands
Are busy at I he making;
Xo bread more light ami sweet than hers,
Was ever made by baking.
She chum the butter golden, sweet,
Ami keeps tin- dairy white ami neat -
The farmer's useful daughter.
Her garden is an Eden fair,
A bloom with pinks and roses
She knows the name of every tlowur,
And ifmkes some gorgeous posies
(Irows peas, and radishes, anil cress.
Anil co rn, a it t i-pia-h,anl herbs to press
The farmer's happy daughter.
Lout; may she bravely smile on us
Our darling household fairy.
The (jiieen of garden, house and lot.
Ami prim ess of the dairy
To teach us by her pleasant way
To love the things of every day
God bless the fanner's daughter.
A Tali of a Blunderbuss,
The writer of this was horn in a house
in the far West of Inland. My father was
what was then called a .surveyor now
lengthened, I believe, into civil engineer.
Iliseinploy nieiit w as tome mysterious and
delightful. While- I ami my" brother were
cooped up at home, learning our lessons,
getting into scrapes, and being whipped,
he rode gaily off to "the office" in town.
How pleasant it was to he a man! No
learning of lessons, m whippings or tears,
no getting into scrapes nothing to do
hut to please one's self; and yet, strangely
enough, father often seemed to me as pale,
and careworn and weary us if lie had but
just finished "getting oil'" fifty verses,
and was afraid the strap would be his
As I grew bigger, the desire to know
more of the 'great tow n, lying mo near and
yet wo far, became so strong that I was
ever dinning it into my father's ears.
Why could I not go to town as lie did?
Why could I not at least go with him
just once c! twice! If lie would only let
me go, I would be so good. I would
give him no trouble of any kind. I could
ride behind him on the pony, and would
not bother him so much as even to see
that I sat safely. I would attend to all
(Jie.it was my joy when he one day at
last consented to my wish. Yes, rather
than le worried by me any longer, I
might accompany him to town. And as
he had given in, the sooner lie was over
with the job the better. So to-morrow,
the market d the one chief day of all
ihe huven, va to be the day in which I
was to make my entry into that world of
which I had dreamed such wondrous
Thong!) longing so much for the great
world, 1 was yet'ehild enough to leap on
my father's knee, ami kiss him with de
light, at the glorious news. Then I ran
!' to bed, there to lie awako half the
night picturing to myself the wonders I
should behold on the morrow, in the
other half dreaming that I was already
an actor in the enchanting scenes that
must ever be passing before the eyes of
the dwellers in great cities.
y eight next morning Mick OTLira
was standing with the pony at tle front
door, and father was jut about to mount.
Uut long before that time I had gulped
down my breakfast, and was walking im
patiently up and down the gravel path.
When Mick and the pony appeared I
fjlanccd at him reproachfully, tor what
seemed his long delay, Hut when ho
hoisted me up behind my father, and I
felt we were at last moving on the long,
looked-for journey, my vexation van-r
ished, and I sang out cheerily:
"Good-bye, old Mick ! I'll bring you
something home from the town.'
"Good-bye, an' thank ve, Master Dick.
An' the Lord sen' ve home agin safe an'
"Not much fear of that," replied my
father, as he touched tin? pony, and we
began to canter quietly over the lawn
towards the gate.
"I hope not, sir I hope not, sir," reT
plied Mick, while he ran along side.
"But these is ticklish times, sir, an' many
a daeent 'sponsible gentleman's bin bate
about these roads of late. There was Mr.
Pureed last week, an' Mr. Doran the
week afore. Aye. an" hist night there
"Nonsense, Mick," laughed my father,
lis he quickened the pony's pace. ""They'll
enemies, but I've none, There isn't u
man in all Sligo County would hurt a hair
i f my head."
Ami next m5-ute we were out on the
roadundMick was turning slowly up
again towards the house.
Whether or not I enjoyed the town
after reaching there, I cannot say. My
chief feeling-was, I believe, one of be
wilderment. The houses were so high,
the streets so narrow and crowded, that
I felt choked, as it were. I was delighted,
and full of wonder, of course; but when.
just at dusk, the pony was brought to
the office door, I was almost as ready to
return home us I had been to leave it a
few hours before.
The day had been a long one at the
(mice, and looking in my lather s tacc, I
could see that he was not in a humor to
talk, so I scrambled up behind him in
silence, and we were about to start.
when a voice of entreaty a little behind
'Hold hard, air hold hard, sir," came
the cry. "Here's the instrumint, sir."
Looking back, I saw a little man hur
rying along the centre of the road to
wards us, and holding in his hand and
waving up nnd down a something that
shone bright in the fast departing light.
"Oil, ah, the blunderbuss," said my
father. "I had forgotten it. Thank you,
Connolly; you needn't have followed me
with it. I could have fot it on Monday.
"I promised it fur to-day, sir," said
the old man, pantingly, as lie reached
the pony's side, ami held up the weajMin,
"an I always like to keep me word.
Here it is, sir."
"Thank you, Connolly. Good-bye," re
turned my father; "good-bye, boys all.
Get along, Dolly.
Next moment we were clattering away
down the street that looked towards home
at a great rate.
When we were well clear of the town
we slackened somew hat, for the road had
grown dark. Then my father turned to
me a little.
"Well, Dick," he said, "how have you
enjoyed yourself, and how did you like
the tow n r
"Oil, papa, it was lovely," I replied, as
I squeezed his arm; "and you're so good
for letting me come w ith you."
"Lovely, was it" lie mtirui'ired, with
a laugh which was half a sigh. "I'm
afraid one day you'll see as little beauty
in it as I do, and be as tired of it as I am."
Then he relapsed into silence; but the
tone of his vojyrc had been so kind to me
that presently I made bold to speak to
"Papa," said I, laying my hand upon
the butt of the blunderbuss, which hung,
mouth downwards, from his shoulder,
"is this the old blunderbuss that used to
hang in the hall at home, or is it a new-
"It's the old one, Dick, my boy," re
plied my father. "Clean or dirty, I
wouldn't part with it for the best score
of Queen llesses in the Knglish army."
"I'apa," I said, with something of a
shiver, and yet feeling attached t the
shining, cruel thing, "has it ever killed
any hotly "
"Oh, yes; it has done its duty many a
time," replied my father. "My great
grandfather took it from the hand of a
dead cateran on the field of Aughrim. It
w as then black and bloody, and it has
done many a day's work since."
1 shuddered, and shrank back from the
evil thing so far as I could without losing
my balance. My father felt the action.
"Don't be afraid of the poor thing,"
he muttered, half laughingly "it won't
hurt you. And I hoe it may never more
have any work to do."
"Ah," I said, "I'll never go near or
touch the nasty thing ag in. I'll "
"Tut, tut," replied Uiy father, "you
talk like a girl! Hut hallo', hero we are
in the middle of the bog, and I intending
to go to the other road. Thai's what
conies of gossiping."
Looking round I recognized a part of
the road over which we had passed in the
morning. It was a sort of raised cause
way, like a railway embankment, and ran
right across the centre of ajarge tract of
bog. It was the nearest way from our
house to town, but was seldom made use
of except in the daytime. Out of repair,
unsheltered from wind or rain, and Ranked
on either side by a deep ditch, full of
ugly, black, deadly-looking water, it was
anything but a pleasant road to travel
after dark. In addition, an evil repute
hung over it. Several lives had been lost
in the ugly ditch on either side, and of
late it had become notorious as a place
frequented by agrarian criminals. This,
of itself, was enough to deter most men;
and my lather halted the pony ami looked
"Ah!" Io waid, altera moment's pause,
"it's all right. See, the inoon'lt be out in
a minute fir two. Meanwhile we'll jog on
Dolly knew the road of old, and stepped
forward carefully. Hut scarcely had she
gone a dozen yards, when, as if sprung
front the bowels of the earth, or rising out
of the black ditch, as Venus from the sea,
a tall form looking taller than it really
was in the weird light stood forth in the
Another step, and we saw that the
ligure was that of a man dressed in a long
frieze coat, and carrying an enormous
stick or wattle," so long that when used
for resting it was grasped one-third of its
length below the top.
'God save ye, sir!" said the man, step
ping aside a little as we drew near.
"God save ye kindly," replied my father,
as he swayed the pony a little to one side
so as to allow the man to pass.
Iut the man turned, ami laced toward
the way we were going.
"A very fine night, sir, saul the man,
as he edged nearer anil nearer to the head
of the pony, who seemed to have an in
stinctive desire to keep as far from him
as possible. "A tine night, but rather
dark for this road."
"Oh, there will soon be plenty of
light," replied my lather. "Uesides, 1
know this road very well, and jiavc proved
t in many a darker night."
"True tor ve, sir," replied tne man,
with another accession of love for being
near the head of the pony. "But there s
worse things nor the dark night to be
afraid of on this road."
"Indeed." said my father, as his right
arm gradually slipped round to his back,
and his hand grasped and drew on to ins
right knee the barrel of the blunderbuss.
"Yis; an' I wonder you re not aieard,
said the man. "Didn't ye hear how they
trated Purcell, the malemonger, a few
days ago, an' what they done to ould
Doran of Ballymaturk i Yis; there's
worse things mr the dark night about
here, I can tell you."
"True for ye," replied my father, in a
bitter tone of mimicry of the man's voice
and style, "an' you're one of them."
The man halted for half a step and ex
claimed: !'One ov "
'Look here!" cried mv father, as he
bent low over the neck of the pony, at the
same time bringing round the mouth of
the blunderbuss so that it sraned riirht in
the face of the man "this is what makes
me not afraid of all the prowling villous
in the country,"
As he spoke, he regained his former po
sition, and the moon shooting from be
hind the last cloud th it hail hid it, flashed
lull on the polished barrel of the blunder
buss. The man staggered back an in
sranr, men mane a step as it lie were
about to leap the black ditch, and disap
pear among the clumps that dotted the
"II. dd!" cried my father, still in the
same Jierce, low, quick tone. "Don't at
tempt to leave us."
The man, as if moved by some power
oeyomi ins win, turned oiedieiitiy and
"Now, listen," continued mv father. "If
you attempt to move one foot out of the
direct path, if you go a single step faster
or slower than we do, jf you whistle.
sing, or make a sign ot any kind that may
lie heard or seen by your murderous com
panions lurking behind those stacks of
turt, I 11 blow your brains out."
The man gave one quick "fiance over
his right shoulder, saw the wide mouth
and bright barrel of the blunderbuss
beat ing right down ujnm him, my father's
baud grasping the lock, anil my father's
tierce eyes, and white, stern face,
looking for the slightest sign of disobe
dience, lie shivered, dropped his eyes
to the ground and walked on steadily.
After this no sound but the pat of the
pony's feet, the noise of the brogues, or
the deep breathing of the man, broke the
stillness until the bog was parsed :o.d the
regular road was gained.
At this my father drew a breath of re
lief, and leaned back in the saddle. The
man glanced quickly round, then sprang
towards the fence by the roadside, lound
ed over it and disappeared.
Then 1113' father grasped the reins tight
ly, leaned forward a little, and for the
first time for a year, Dolly felt the spurs.
Ten minutes more, and the light was Hy
ing from the Hints beneath her heels in our
lane, and I could hear the joyful cry of
Mick O'Hara a he thing back the gate as
we dashed on to the lawn.
"The Lord be. praised this night !" cried
Mick "the Lord alwive be praised!
Here at Iat, safe ami soun'."
My father did not speak, but dismount
ed slowly, helped me to my feet, then
Hinging the reins to Mike, walked into
the house, and laid the blunderbuss on
the table in the parlor as softly as if it
had la-en a child.
This old pieire has never done a better
piece of work than to-night," he s aid, sol
emnly; "for it has saved a life instead of
slaying, lint what do 3-011 think, Dick?"
and he turned to me laughing "thete
hasn't been an ounce of powder in that
old barrel for twenty years, if that fel
low had only known, he mighty have
laughed at us."
That old blunderbuss hangs alove my
fireplace- now one of the household gods
no money could buy.
A St. Lo.iis Courtship.
Thu- saying. Con knelt at her
feet, crying, "Maud, .Maud, will you never
trust me, never give your happiness to
my keeping? Alas, do not reject 1113 suit,
but grant my motion for a new trial!"
"Con," replied the gill, tenderly yet
firmly, !s she glanced timidly around the
corner of the ear with which she was
nervously fanning herself and endeavor
ing to conceal her burning blushes, "Con,
I but we are discovered. My twin
brothers ot gigantic stature, who thirst
for your blood, have entered the room
unseen, and even now are behind you!"
The brave voung man cast an anxious
glance over his shoulder, then replied, as
a pleasant smile broke over his counte
nance and was lost in the labyrinthine
recesses of his ears, "IJ( not alarmed, my
own Maudie; that which has frightened
you w as but the sight of my heels, which,
as I am kneeling down, are so high above
mv head. That is all, dearest. See!"
and, furling his ears behind his head to
allow her an ummpewed view, he con
vinced her of the truth of his statement.
T'rne, Con, true," she answered, "and
I was but a ftMilish girl to fancy that it
was otherwise. But, dearest," she said,
"w hy do you not come nearer? Why are
you so distant, so cold? You do not love
me. Your passion is crooked."
"Nay, Maud, nay, he saul, in gentle
tones of reproof, "but I am at j our feet,
ami being there, must remain afar off."
The sad earnestness of his tone melted
the heart of the dear girl.
"Con," -.ho cried, "I tear that I have
found an indictment against you unsup
ported by sufficient evidence. So soon as
my lather s term is out ami he can return
from Jefferson City to grace our bridals.
I will be your n.
"Maud, my own, owner, ownest," he
exclaimed, in rapture, "can I believe my
ears? These cruel prosecutions will soon
be over, and we shall get to running
grapevine whisky again, and then I will
lay the treasures of Golconda at your
ample feet, subject to the usual divide
w ith the g ingers and other officials of the
Internal Kevenue Department."
Jjike torrents from a mountain's source,
they rushed into each other's arms, and
hidden beneath their sheltering ears from
eyes profane, exchanged kisses which
sounded li ke the extrieatingof a mule's hutf
from a mud-puddle. Vhioi'jo Tribune.
Bonaparte's Superstition. Count
Segur, whose memoirs have, at his own
request, been only published now after his
death, confirms what is already known of
Napoleon the First's superstition and
fatalism. The veteran historian instances
the Emjieror's intense alarm when the
palace of Prince Sch warzenberg, the Aus
trian Ambassador in Paris, caught fire
and was destroyed during Napoleon's
marriage to the Austrian Princess, Maria
Louisa. Long afterward the Kmperor
connected Austria's treachery with that
event, and expressed himself greatly re
lieved when he was told of the battle of
Dresden in 1813 That Schwaraenberg had
been killed in the enemy's lines. This,
however, proved untrue, for the general
who had fallen was Moreau, whom Na
poleon himself had banished on a false
charge, and who had taken service under
the Austrian Government. Prince Schwar
zenberg livd to lead the allied armies
into Paris the next year, taking up his
residence in the new palace which had
been built meanwhile on the site of the man
sion whose conflagration had inspired Na
poleon with so much superstitious terror.
Don't chop with a poor ax.
1. To eat when you do not feel like it
id brutal ; nay, this a slander on the lower
animals, they do not so debase them
2. Do not enter a sick-chamler on an
empty stomach, nor remain as a watcher
or nurse until you feel almost exhausted,
nor sit between the patient and the fire,
nor in the direction of a current of air
from the patient toward yourself, nor cat
or drink anything auer oeing in a sick
room until vou have nnsed your mouth
3. Do not sleep in any garment worn
during the day.
4. Most grown persons re unable to
sleep soundly and ref reshing'y over seven
hours in summer, and eight in winter;
the attempt to force more sleep on the
system by a nap in the daytime, or a
'second nap" in the morning, renders the
whole of the sleep disturbed and imjier-
5. Some of the most painful "stonincli
aches" are occasioned by indigestion ; this
generates wind, anil hence distension,
it is often promptly remedied by knead
ing the abdomen with the ball of the
hand, skin to tikin, from one side to an
other, from the lower edge of the ribs
downwards, because the accumulated air
is forced ou and outwards along the ali-
0. hen vou return to your house
from a long walk or other exhaustive ex
ercise, go to the lire or warm room, and
do not remove a single article of clothing
until vou have taken a cup or more of
some kind of hot drink.
7. In going into a colder atmosphere,
keep the mouth closed, and walk with a
rapidity sufficient to keep off a feeling of
8. Two pair of thin stockings will keep
the feet wanner than one pair of a greater
thickness than both.
U. The "night sweats" of disease come
on towards daylight; their deathly clam
miness and coldness is greatly modified
by sleeping in a single, loose, long w oolen
10. The man or woman who drinks a
cup of btrong tea or coffee, or other stim
ulant, in order to aid in the better per
formance of any work or duty, public or
private, is a fol, lierauseit is to tfie body
ami brain an ex jH-ndit ure of what is uot
yet got; it is using jxiwer in advance, and
this can never be done, even once, with
11. I he less a man dunks of any thing
in hot weather the butter, for the more we
drink the more we want to drink, until
even ice-water palU and becomes of a
metallic taste; hence the longer you can
put oil" drinking cold water on the morn
ing of a hot day, the letter will you tec I
13. Drinking largely at meals, even of
cold water or simple teas, is a mere habit
and is always hurtful. No one should
drink at any one meal more than a quar
ter ot a pint ot any liquid, even of cold
water, tor it alway retards, impairs, and
interferes with a healthful digestion.
13. If you sleep at all in the daytime,
it will interfere w ith the soundness of your
sleep at night, much less if the nap be
taken in the forenoon.
14. A short nap in the daytime may be
necessary to some. Let it not exceed ten
minutes; to this end sleep with the fore
head resting on a chair-back or edge of
I.1). Never swallow an atom of food
w hile in a passion, or if under any great
mental excitement, wlwthel of a depress
ing or elevating character; brutes won't
Io it. Hull Journal of Health.
A Goon Way to Prepare Veai. Left
Over from Dinner. Cut in small, thin
slices, peel and chop two medium-sized
onions, fry in a small piece of butter to a
light lrown, add a dessertspoonful ot
Hour, then the gravv, if there was any
left ironi dinner, add the meat to this
gravy and just heat through. Serve im
To Dye WonsTEn. For live pounds
of goods, blue vitriol, six ounces; boil it a
tew minutes, then dip goods in half an
hour, airing often. Make a dye with
logwood two pounds, loil half an hour,
air the goods, dip half an hour more,
wash in good strong suds. The goods
will not full or fade by exposure to
Chloroform removes stains from
paint, varnishes and oils. Another very
effective fluid for the same purjiose is a
mixture ot six parts of very strong alco
hol, three parts of liquid ammonia, and
a quarter part of benzole. Spirits of tur
pentine, also, applied immediately, will re-
move paiui kiauis msiaiiuy iioin ciome.s.
Gixoer Snaps. One pint of molasses,
one cuj of butter, a tcaspoonful of gin
ger, one of cloves, one of soda; put all
over the lire together, let it come to IkuI;
have a large vessel or it will toam over.
When nearly cool, add flour enough to
make a stiff dough, roll out, and cut in
small cakes. Very fine reciiie.
Mother's Cookies. One cup sugar,
two-thirds cup butter, and one egg, beaten
well together; three or four tablespoons
sour milk or .cream; enough soda to
sweeten it; bit of nutmeg, mix soft as
possible.roll quite thick and bake quickly.
A j ir full of these only lasts "our boys"
Oranoe Tart. Squeeze two oranges
and boil the rind tender; add half a tea-
cupful of sugar; the juice and pulp of
the truit, and one ounce of butter beaten
to a paste. Line a shallow dish with
light pull crust, and lay the paste of orange
Wartb may be removed, says a cele
brated physician, by rubbing them night
and morning with a moisteaed piece of
muriate of ammonia. They soften and
dwindle away, leaving no such mark as
follows their dispersion with lunar caustic
Eoo Kisses. Beat the whites of four
eggs, then put in gradually one pound of
pulverized sugar, season with a spoonful
of extract of lemon. Drop small quan
tities on letter paper and bake quickly.
A cook can scarcely be expected to
boil vegetables with a leek in his pot.
Mew Orltant Republican.
Legislation Against Three-Card Monte.
The Iowa Legislature has wisely passed
a law, says the Chicago Journal, lor the
punishment of that detestable class of
the gambling fraternity known as the
three-card monte oiicratora. Travelers
through Iowa, upon almost any of her
numerous lines of railroads, have for
many years lcen greatly annoyed and
often plundered by these human wolves.
Under the eyes ami sanction, it is thought,
of certain conductors and brakesmen the
tricks of these gamblers have been car
ried on until no State in the Uuion could
compare with Iowa in the extent to which
this species of confidence operutiomi w as
practiced. It became so excessively
protitabie to the gamblers aud their con
federates that the efforts to oust them
from certain lines 13- the managers of the
roads became almost impossible, the
operators buying their Wa3' upon the
trains by means of bribes to the em
ployes. Appeal to the Legislature has
resulted, at lut, 111 a law that will prob
abl3' be effectual in ridding the State of
the plagues. Money was used, and even
documents stolen from the legislative
halls, in order to defeat the bill, but the
outlaws have failed to ward off the blow
w hit-h they so richly deserve, and which
will frustrate their nefarious trade.
The game of three-card monte, iu it
self, is a very simple affair. A genteel
personage, or perhaps a country-looking
"Jake," approaches a passenger, and
holding up two plain cards and onw
marked, turns them, and offers to bet any
sum that the traveler cannot pull out the
marked one, at the same time deceiving
the party approached by letting him see
that the marked card has some peculiar
appearance upon its back, by which he
could easily ( I) designate it. The victim
bites at the bait, and discovers too late
that the "peculiarly marked" card has
been slyly substituted for the one which
would have won had it lieen drawn. Of
course a man is a find to Ix-t or "play"
with a stranger where money is involved,
but they will do it, and hence the need
of the law to protect these "innocents"
from the gambling sharks.
The Lady Who Discarded Washington.
Bishop Meade, in his "Old Churches
and Families of Virginia," relates the
following: The elder sister of Miss
Mary C'ar3' had married George William
Fairfax, at w hose house she was ou a
visit, when she captivated a young man
who paid her Ins addresses. His ailcc-
tion, however, was not returned, and the
offer of his hand w as rejected by Miss
Cary. This young man was afterward
known to the world as General (Jeorge
Washington, the first President of the
United States of America. Young
Washington asked permission of old Mr.
Cary to address his daughter lcforc he
ventured to speak to herm'lf. I lie leply
of the old gentleman was: "If that i
your business here, sir, I wish you to
leave the houe, lor my daughter has
been accustomed to ride iu her own
coach." It has subsequently been said
that this answer of Mr. Cary to the strip-
liug Washington produced the indeiieiid
ence of the United States, and laid the
foundation ot the future fame of the
first of heroes and the best of men our
immortal Washington as it was more
than probable that, had he obtained pos
session of the large fortune w hich it was
known Miss Cary would carry to the
altar with her, he would have passed the
remainder of his life iu inglorious ease.
It was an anecdotu of the day that this
lady, many years after she had became
the wife of Kdward Ambler, happened to
be in Williamsburg when General Wash
ington passed through that city at the
head of the American army, crowned
with never-fading laurels and adored by
his countrymen. Having distinguished
her among the crowd, his sword waved
toward her a military salute, whereupon
she is said to have fainted. But this
wants confirmation, for her whole life
tended to show that she never for a mo
ment regretted the choice she had made.
It may be added as a curious fact, that
the lady General Washington afterwards
niariied resembled Miss Cary as much as
one twin-sister ever did another.
Expert. You want us to tell you
what is shoddy. Well, the first difference
is the material; instead of using long
fibres, as found in wool and other ma
terials, such short fibres are used as are
found in the refuse material of cloth aud
woolen manufactures, or even old worn-
out clothes are torn up and treated as If
a paper pulp had to be made of them.
The material is then puiiried from dust
and such fibres as arc altogether too short;
and as even the remnant is too short to be
spun into threads and woven, it is sim
ply felted. Now felting is well enough,
ami may be as strong as woven cloth,
providing the fibres are long enough, as
is the case with the new fur of the bearer
and the hare, which becomes so mu
tually entangled by the curling produced
in felting as to strongly resist any force
which may be used to tear the etuu
apart; but it is clear that if the fibres are
short they cannot well be held together
in this way, and Hence the ease with
w hich material made of such short fibre
tears and wears out.
During the late war, blankets by the
thousands were sold to the government
made of material ot nores so short as
literally to fall apart. Such stuff could
only be approved of and accepted through
sheer ignorance or bribery most likely
the latter. It was the same with the
clothing, and not only short woolen fibre,
but short cotton fibre was used, mixed
up with the rest; in fact, the material
was only fit for paper, and a rotten paper
at that, as paper made of a good long
fibre is indeed stronger than the shoddy
sold to the government by contractors
A grocer, who prays for his fellow
mea on Sunday and preys on them the
n.afr nf the week, beincr asked whv he
ivo. w. . " J
sold the same sugar at ten cents to poor.
people anu miecu uu . mo mu c
nlied. "Well, don't the Bible command.
Ckirjre them that are rich in this
Treatment of Girls.
IIow many unhappy girls have paid
dearly for the early bringing up of their
young husbands who, after the lirt
glamour of love has passed, treat their
wives asthav were allowed to treat their
sisters, and as ti er saw their fathers treat
their motheis carelessly, disrespectfully,
with a total want of that considerate ten
denies which is worth all the passionate
love iu the world. I his though they
may muster outside as excellent husband,
never doing anything really bad, and
possessing many good and attractive
qualities, yet contriving somehow to
quietly break the poor woman's heart or
harden it iuto that passive acceptance of
mm winch is more la'al to mat lied hap
piness than even temiKtrary estrangement
Anger itself is a safer thing than stolid,
The best husbands I ever met came out
of a family where the mother, a m st he
roic and ell-denying woman, laid down
the absolute law "Girls fiist" not in
any authoiity, but first to be thought of
as to protection and tenderness. Conse
quently, the chivalrous care which these
lads were taught to show their own sis
ters naturally extended itself to nil wo
men. They grew up true gentlemen
geiierous.unexacting, courteous of speech,
and kind of heart. In them Wii the pro
fecting strength of manhod which corns
to Use its strength except for protection
the proud honest y of manhood w hich
infinitely prefers being lovingly and open
ly resisted to being tw isted round one'
finger, us mean men ure twisted, ami
mean women will always be found
ready to do it; but which, I think, all
honest nifii ami brave women not merely
dislike but utterly despise.
How to Pet the Canaries.
Says a writer on canaries: In this way
I answer the question "Howl had such
luck with the bird?"' Simply by allow
ing the birds to attend to their affairs,
and by letting them understand that their
mistress would never harm them. Also
by accustoming them to plenty of light,
air ami compan3', rather than is adver
tised in books, keeping the cage in a
dark loom for fear of frightening the
bit ds. Make just half the fuss directed
in bird books over the matter, and you
will have, doubtless, better success in
raising birds. Never give them sugar, but
all the red pepper they will eat; it is the
best tiling for them. And if your bird
feels hoarse at any time put a piece of fat
salt pork in the cage and see how the
little fellow will enjoy it. Give him flax
seed once in a while, and if he appears
dumpy occasionally give a diet of bread
and water, with red pepper sprinkled in.
Open the cage door and give your pets
the freedom of the room ; soon they w ill
come at your call and Hy to meet you
whenever your voice is heard. I had one
who came regularly to my desk as I sat
writing each day, ami disputed with flut
tering wing ami open beak my humble
right to the inkstand. He would take
his bath as I held the cup in my hand,
and coolly dry himself ou my head.
Another would fly down or up-stairs to
me whenever I called him, and many a
time when I have been out he has wel
comed my return by flying down the
stairs nnd singing at the top of his voice
all the while, until at last, perched on
my shoulders, he would accompany me
to my room.
Coptic Weihunos. A gentleman who
witnessed a Coptic wedding in Cirosays
that when the two brides entered the
room they were guided to their places.
There w a not the slightest siga of recog.
nition l et veen them and their respective
bridegrooms, ami from the beginning to
the end there was no more sign of life
in them than if they had been two mum
mies. There was a great deal of swing,
ing of censors, and the priest, one after
the other, read and spelled a ceremony in
Coptic, a language that is little under
stood even by the Copts themselves; but
it was not until the service drew to a close
that anything was said to the two couples,
when an embroidered scarf of some rich
texture was handed to the, officiating
clergyman, and this he bound round the
head of the bridegroom, and then p issing
it directly from the crown of his head
repeated the process of w inding it alniut
the head of the bride. After this the
priest placed a kind of crown or frontal
diadem of gold on the head of each per
son, which was worn until the conclusion
of the ceremony. The priest also re
ceived and blessed two rings in each case,
for the bridegroom and bride, and then,
after what appeared to be an exhortation,
the brides were led away by their attend
ants, and the two bridegrooms descended
to attend the entertainment of their
The Fi.yino Bridoes op the IIima
i.ava. A. Wilson, in his recently pub
lished account of a journey through the
upper valleys of the Himalaya, says that
these bridges are constructed of twigs,
chiefly from birch trees or bushes twisted
together. Two thick ropes of these twigs,
about the size of a man's thigh or a little
larger, arc stretched across the river at a
distance of from four to six feet from
each other, and a similar rope runs be
tween them, throe or four feet lower,
being connected with the upjier ropes
by more slender ropes running at an in
terval of about five feet from each other.
The unpleasantness of a jhula is that the
passenger has no proper hold of the upper
ropes, which are too thick and rough to
be grasped by the hand, and that at the
extremities they are so far apart that it is
difficult to have any hold ot both at the
same time, while danger is incurred by
the bend or hang of the jhula, which is
much lower in the middle than at its
ends. He has also to stoop painfully to
move along and it is seldom safe for him
to rest his feet on the lower rope, except
when it is supported by the transverse
ends. To fall into the raging torrent
underneath would be almost destruction.
The high winds which prevail in the
Himalaya during the day makes the whole
structure swing about frightfully.
God firstself last all the rest will
come in the right order.
Experience of n Bill Collector.
"In my younger days," snid Mr, Ma
guflin, ''I wus ut one time a collector a
bill collector. At first I had a good deal
of trouble finding a place. There's a
prejudice ngninst young collectors, you
know. The keen, experienced debtor
handles them very easily. A glass of beer,
a cigar, or cheaper aud better yet, a little
judicious flattery, and the young man
goes back and reports, 'Can't get auy thing
out of him.' Middle-aged or prime- old
men do best as collectors.
"But I managed to get work, nnd I was
very successful. Iu fact, being a young
man, I could not idlord to fail, and 1
made it a point never to undertake thu
collection of a bill that did not present a
icunonahle hope; m thnt I collected every
bill I ever undertook with one exception,
and in that rate the chi iiuitaticcs wcio
such that I never considered my failure
derogatory to my character as a col
lector, "lie was a rich man, alnind intly able
to pay, uud I didn't doubt that some day
I should get thu money. He had taken
offense at something said or done to him
ill the store, ami swore he never would
pay the bill. But I had heard inc-u say
worse things than that, and pay after nil.
So I went to work at him. First I called
about twenty-live times at regular Inter,
vuls; that was enough to show me that
he was a man of endurance, and thst it
would be a long chac, 011 which I could
not afford to wiote time. So I put him
along with two or three others 011 whom
1 called whenever I was in their neigh
borhood. If I was down tow n, near his
office, I dropM-d in ami asked him for
the money; it 1 was up town, near his
house, I called there; if I happened to
meet him in the street I didn t let him
pass without a dun. One evening I saw
him get out of u can lage at the Acuden y,
aud 1 nailed him 011 the spot; but ho
always said it was no use, he never
"And so 11 went aiong ior two years, imi
I was not discouraged, for I had recov
ered debts uftcr waiting longer than that.
In this time we got very well acquainted
and he used to smilu und talk good-
hiimoredly when I cone, and I must say
(hat while lie was a very pig-headed and
obstinate man, still he had a cheerful
courtesy about him that materially light
ened the monotony of my visits.
"In the summer of o.J I went on my
annual vacation and came back to town
fresh and hearty and ready for business.
The tlit call I made was on my resolute,
good-natured friend, whose conquest I
h id come now to regard as essential to
the preservation of my prestige as a col-
lector, it wus ut nigiu quito a daik
night as I remember it, and 1 had skip
ped up the door steps aud grubbed thu
bell handle preparatory to an energetic
yank, w hen I felt something on my hand,
soft, und at the same time kind of crispy.
I bent over to see what it wiih, and by-
gad! thu good-natured, resolute man hud
beaten me ut lust. I he stuff ou the bell-
knob was crape!"
A Bull Dog Attacking u Train of Cars.
A correspondent of the New York
Timet writes as follows un evidence of
the courage and pugnacity of the English
bull-dog, as shown in a remarkable man
ner a few days since in England. A dot;
of this description, who had never been
accustomed to see trains until lately, has
taken a great aversion to them, aud has
made a point of chasing them whenever
he has an opportunity of doing so, but,
of course, w ithout being enabled to catch
them. Ou the morning in question, be
ing out with his owner's brother in thu
vicinity of the Somerset and Dorset
Hallway, between the Mid ford ami W el
low station, the early train from Bath
was heard to be rapidly approaching.
The dog, as usual, was oil directly. The
gentleman, know ing they were in adranco
of the train and fearing the dog would be
killed, called loudly to him to come
back, but quite- iu vain. He then ran to
see w hat would be the consequence of the
brute's folly, and was just in time to see
the dog Iwtldly chargo the cow-lifter of
the engine and disappear. The gentle
man then closed his eyes for one moment,
not wishing to see the dog's remains torn
to pieces, and on opening them next 1110.
mcnt, much to his surprise, he distinctly
saw the dog under the rapidly passing
carriages, evidently waiting an opportu
nity to make a dash between the w heels,
but their, tohim, unusual velocity rather
bothered him; he therefore remained until
the last carriage had passed over him,
and then emerged wagging his tail us
though he had done something to be
talked about, and havintr oulv sustained
a few cuts about the head and losing all
the hair from one side of his tail.
IIeij One Another. This little sen
tence should bo written on every heart
aud stamped on every memory. It should
be the golden rule practised not only in
every household, but throughout the
world. Jy helping one another we not
only remove thorns from the pathway
and anxiety irom me mind, but we feel a
sense of pleasure in our own hearts,
knowing we arc doing a duty to a fellow
creature. A helping hand, or an encour
aging word, is no loss to us, yet it is a
bene tit to ol hers. Who has not felt tho
power of this little sentence? Who has
not needed tho encouragement and aid of
a kind friend? IIow soothing, when per
plexed with some task that is mysterious
and burdensome, to feel a gentle hand on
your shoulder, and to hear a kind voice
whispering, "Do you feel discouraged?
I see your troublelet me help you."
What strength is inspired, what hope
created, what sweet gratitude is felt, and
great difficulty is dissolved as dew be
neath the sunshine. Yes, let us help one
another by endeavoring to strengthen and
encourage the weak aud lifting the bur
dens of care from the weary and oppressed,
mat me may glide smoothly on, and the
fount of bitterness yield sweet waters;
and he whose willing hand Is ever ready
to aid us will reward our humble .en
deavors, and every good deed will be aa
"bread cast upon the waters, to return
after many days," if not to ut, to those