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About Washington independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 1874-18?? | View This Issue
; yy4 l5V'':,"',3',,
Xilltbore - - - - - - -
Tp X5. LUC I
Editor and Proprietor,
1 EliMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
Aix m ntks,
BATES OF ADVERTISING:
, , !
rmi 1 Q
1 WKKK. "1 50
i wnu. a no
1 MOUTH. 3 50
a mom. 4' 50
mos. 6 00
2 sq. )i col
2 00 3 50
2 50 4 50 8 50
3 00 5 00 12 00
6 . 00 9 00 20 00
10 00 16 00 30 00
1 tin 10 00 15 yj 3) uu w w
Ikhji.otice,25 cnt pr line for tlm
trtit insertion, and 20contss line for each
ubse-iaent insertioa. No uoticc less tluiu
Obitusry notices, 10 conti ycr line.
. i i, i
Summons, Sheriff' S.il"s, find an mun ,
JbrhI notices. $2 00 per .square, 1st insrr-
AchadlitioiU insertion. 1 OX
Trewient fclrertwcmcnts. $2 00 lt in- j
rtin; ach aaJitioxil iusr-rtioii, ?1 en.
AGENT AT PORTLAND,
mh, rooniriSi) & 2l.Merchant's Exchange ; Eocene marks the beginning ol (ie
CttUforniaHtreft. ; aa also that of parts of Jv.irope.
JLOENTSAT NEW YORK Cir-S. M." i
F mwoiLl. 1-t!o.. 37 Park li.w. cor.jLntil the lb-ptihan ago no animal
lWiin.ni st.-CiKo. 1. IIowki .i. k Co., rcm:lilis avc found. Tho region
ACTHri AT" ST. LOriS- Kowua about tho Dos Chutes was first shut
Chksu.v. Cor. TUirrl .m l Cv .otuut hts. ' ,.ff from the ocean,' thon tho il-
TO Cor.rtESPONPEXTS.--All fllluV,l,m-' 1 nao' tc vull.-v, Ptig.jt S und, and
JviBpkKN-rrnnt leunt:u-nti;itvl l.y ; C2-iee:i Cnariottc s Sound. buu
- -I is iamr find a.Mress of the writer - , w.lter reached the WilLirw.-tto val
n,jt nwifwurily for iMil'Iu-at-.on. but sua .
tnarai.tr of po-1 faith. j h-v by a back water t)f tides m tao
OFFICE -In HilKhoro in th- ol-.l Conrt- Columbia somo tim-i afier t?io l .,s
JXosn bnildin- on the !'!! ic Scinr.-. ! CIl.jtetf t.ountrv was st,ai jn from the
JOllX VITH, M. D.,
Thyslciai and Surgeon-U1LI-SU0U0,
tSTSptc'ull cVtnll-n (jhui
TIES; als CllV.OSi'' I L' Ll.
' OfTICE-Miun stre: t IliW-.horo. Orf -o::.
F. A. BAILEY, M. D.
Physician, Surgeon and fAccouehcnr.
OFFICE tliDrucc Store.
KKSI D EN'CE -Tluva Blocks
WIT-SOX 1IOWT.11Y, 31. I.
Physician and Surgeon,
Tftl'FST Ut)VE. ... - CKOJON.
OFFICE- At his Kesidtiice, West f-f
Jlanon'ii rianin- liltd. t'J - J
W. II. SAYLOU, M. D.,
Physician and Surgeon
TOSISST GROVE. -
. . .
OI-TICE At the Drua Store
f tU Hmsr Store.
Go. II. piii4tt
Durham & Thompson,
J TTO R SE YS-AT-L A W ,
No. 109 First Street,
fi. A. BALI,.
15 A 1. 1- & STOTT,
A rTORXEYS.AT-LA Y
No. G Dwkum's Block,
JO IT CATLIV.
Catlin & Killin,
A TTO 11 KEYS AND COUNSELOR
'Dckum's Buil.ling, First Streot,
THOMAS H. TONGUE.
Att erqey -at av ,
Cilbboro, Ya8liugtJn County, 0r yon.
TUOS. D. IIUIPHUEYS.
KotAnr tuhlic w co a vkyaxku
LEGAL pn.pers drawn and collocticus
rootle. Busines-s entrusted to liis cure at
tended to proniitly.
OFFICE New Court IIciw r,3:y.
"ToibspSovi:, March 1, 1875. plants. The time occupied m form
The Prof, announced a change of ation of these layers was simply im
plan as to the lecture-to-day; saying ; mense. The oldest strata are widest
that ho would speak of mountain found over tho world. Probably
t langcs, in general; specially of our;
Pacific Coast mountains
Three or four
rr5..i.ii of facts
r - ' .
should bo remembered as a founda-
. . !
ned as a founda-
Ton T irf rrrrvTmuucall ". on a i
mao of the world the 'great conti-
"-"'-in I m '
tLill 1 y W .
! , : i
(of mountains.on their coasts; those!
highest .being as a rulo agniust
In "Oregon and on
. o .
the Coast in a measure, rise
dillerent chains. A
from tho coast to the IJluo moun-
tains "ives these the AVillamotte val- ;
ley and tho Djs Chutes, ihree okl j
mud ilats tilted up represent here j
the Tertiary. Reptilian, Paleoz ic. i
Their ratios of thickness are as 12, 3, j
and 1. The relative timjs of their i
deposits 3,000,000, 9,000,0u0, 3u',
000,000; but these last figures mean
very little. At best they, are but
1 M i i ino ft roil til cf i t r5 ;l t 111 I .
iuuuui. v-.w.. j
rcVLy yary tl0 YiXte of dejiosit of j
n. ,,, fY,A
swered. Evidences show' that the !
to the lilue mountains j
ocean'. The Mountain upfolds were
j explained on the priuciide of an arch
setrling on its bases of support, i. e. !
i the ocean be 1, gro ving il ittir and ;
crowding up iat ridges, th; border- '
i rig coasts. A l: email
Al.'c- uato periods of
... 4l,-k inolilif'tiil ftli'it n J
facts g' to c ."
Several rivers r
iv now and i'
m c its uig pro
r n. Iiemavl.s
made of animal remains being e-i.- 1
elusive proof ftr establishing great ,
j changes to some certain periods.
Tit'iTst!iio misvrrs ffprffivpn To
lauincs resnccung the How ol Java
at dii'ferent times?.
should bo hoard to bo fully appreei-
The geological lecture of the 3d of
! March was u,,ent:a!.y a review of
i names and facts. The tc r: ons
iiiii wut; , .
! the name at each oi tne umueu
i 4 t.t v... t... ..r ...
11 lliL-inui u' l,"L W4
! crounor r-iiod The followin -
I tie umowitig
i-.oic. is a name
facts wei recalled:
, applied to lowest strata. 1 aleozoie,
(meaning ancient me; is ine nanio 01
j a group oi four strata :the C ambrian,
j Silurian. Devonian, t ar.ionilerous.
j Mesozoic, time includes the Keptilian
j group of three strata: Triassio (sub-
divisablc in ::,) Jurassic (i. e. princi- pUn0 aiul discipline cannot be en
ply concerned in formation of Jura ; force witllout significant orgaui.a
mouutains,) Cretaceous (chalk.) iiol . ivnce wo 1:ot, u t.fitmony of
Cenozoic time comprehends the last ; initiation which hinds us in mutual
group. Tertiary, of five strata; Ko- i fraternity as with a band of iron; but
cene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pot Ter-: aitbough its intluonce is so powerful
tiary ami surface sou. xnee names
and terms always occur in books of
Geology and should be kept in mint1..
Strata are calletl from special char- j
acteristics they exhibit. Tor in-.
stance, the carboniferous was eo j
named from its being eminently a ;
time of coal deposit, although some,
, . r 1 , , . vek
found 111 Oregon and elsewhere was
. 1 x -r
1. l.r. rrV..-..rv nr l.itfT lies- t
A'mirt It hctin milt lUliKnilLa ZLIl-
! - - I
! imal and vegetable remains are im
j portant. During the laleozoic time,
I probably on account of carbonic ac-
...... , t
ing animals lived. The coal period
entirely cut off or completely changed
every epeWs.' "Tegetation under-
went great transformations.' Again,
at the dawn of- the recent, in the
HILLSBOUO, WASHINGTON COUNTY,
Eocene stratum another great
change is evident in animals and
oceans were shallow then since the
! effect of breakers is seen in struct-
iure of rocks &e. The converse hap-i
peued m deposits ol later periods. i.
: . : i. i i c :..
peued in deposits of later periods. A
proper .-iitiun y is; ui nuai. uuucui, w
" - - I
I-' " I 1 A , '
the tilting up of whole groups o;Conr,unlB lUu pt-u .u.
fr?ifn lirrt l'fiiupPH Ittil? 1st.
This 'state of thin .s is admirably
Kidantcd to Geology. 2d. Is couve-
nieut for miners. A man don't have
to bore into aides of mountains to
lmd gold but sees traces on tne sur-
Effects of glaciers in the wearing
away aim mimg up nueu-uws
the surface. As to the the source of
glaciers several theories are ad-
vanced. The "Glacial Epoch
placed in the Post Tertiary.
PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY.
The Constitution of the Order of
parous of IIuKbandrv was amended I
in several particulars at the recent j
session oi inu iiiioi::ii vjiujiu Ul j
Charleston, S. C. Me give below!
for the benefit of our Granger;
readers. th3 Constitution as amend-
Hiinmn l appir.e is the nemo of i
earthly ambition. Individual hap-
piue.ss depends on general prosperi-
The i rwsj.erity of a nation is in j
proportion to the value of it j pro-
ihe soil irs thesouite from whence
We derive all that constitutes wealth; :
without it wo would haro no ogri- j
culture, no manufactures, no com-
mcrce. Of all the material gifts of
1U; Crei or, the various productions
0f tho vogetub!o wrr'.-l arc of the
hrst importance. Ihe art of ngri-
culturo is the arent and precursor
of nil arts. and its products tho foun-
dr. lion lT ::1! wt-.ilth.
Tl e productions of tho earth are I
f id ject to the
liiilm-nce of natural
laws, invariable and indisputable;!
the amount jiroduced will
j quently be in proportion to the in-
1 t-11 if 'oton t)f iiiO irnl:irrr find sii-
cess will ilepeuu upon ins knowledge '
of the action of tnoe laws, and the
j proper application of their princi-
Hence, knowledge is the
tion of happiness.
I no ultimate object of this orrran-
i7Jlliou u for Im,t,jal ins(ruction an(1 j
j ;iml 1(roectiolI, to ,f?ltea vi
.1. ;Vw.; t :i.. : "
aiiYusin'' a knowledge of its aims
; and purposes, expand the mind by
( ir.wl llifiho )?autiful laws the Great!
! . . . ;
Creator has ostablisheil m the l-'m-
! i i A
f versf , and to enlarge our views of
'. ,, :,,.,,. ..(i
. To ti,osc vlo reati ariKhtf history
proves that in nil ages society is
j fragmentary, and successful results
of .nejai welfare can be secured 011-
f jv y 0ncral effort,
j J;innof be ae.iuire
Unily of action
itbe aeiuired without disci-
; its aiulication is as nntlo as that of
the silken thread that binds a wreath
A - t '
The Patrons of Husbandry eon-
of the following:
sur,0iuiN-.vTi: ohanof.s. .
I irst Degree Maid (woman), Ea-
" v "
! Second Degree- Shepherdess (wo
man), Cultivator (man.)
Third Degree Gleaner (woman),
Fourth Degree Matron (woman).
i Husbandman (man.)
Fifth Degreo Pomo
na (Hope.) Composed of the Mas
ters of Subordinate Granges and
, OREGON, tfHUKSDAY. MARCH
their wives who are Matrons, provi
ded that when the number of Subor
dinate Granges in any State becomes
so great as to render it necessary,
the State Grange may in such man
ner as it may determine, reduce its
representatives, by providing for
tho election of a certain proportion
of those entitiea to membership m
!..,... - . i i
ui v-wm , , ,
m1 tbn rnrmhers no chosen shall !
the htate urauge irom cacu couniv ;
. . . . . . ill I S I
f Ri-.r 2 There mav be established
District or County Granges in tho
fU degree, not to exceed one in
. . . - m m
each county, composed oi .Masters
and Past blasters of Subordinate j
Granges, and their vives who are j l u range snau oenseu.uy auouuor
Tnfrm. An,l such f ourth-de-reo lmate Granges, and any dnired al-
members (not to exceed three) as
may be elected thereto by the Sub
ordinate Granges, under such regu-
lations as may be established by j aktxcle v.memblkship.
State Granges. Such District or j Any person engaged in agricultu
County Grange shall have charge of j ral pursuits and having no interest
tho education and business interests j in conflict with our purposes, of the
of the Order in their respective dis-: agesf sivtecn years, duly proposed.
j tricts; and shall ei.courage.strength- j
I en .vul aid tho Subordinate Granges j
1 represented therein. Dispensations !
for such District or County Granges ;
shall isue from th.i State Grunge, i
and under such regulations as tho ;
uuuu M..v ..... 1
national grnci:. ;
1Wr,,vi m?a (c'uArv v ' !
Sixth Degree Flora (Chari'y.)
r " , Ar..' r V i
ComDoscd of Masters of State
Grauges and tle'.r wives who have j
! taken tho degree o Pomona, and ,
tho c fillers and members of tho Exc- j
of tho Natic n il !
Seventh Degree Ceres (Faith.)
' Seventh Decree Ceres (Faith.)
Memi ers of the National Grange :
wJO i,avo served one year therein ;
iv.av becomo members of this deiree !
M1,oU application and election. It;
ias charge of the secret work of the j
Order, nnd tihall boa court of im- ;
peachment of all officers of the Na- i
j Members of this degree are honor-
fU V members of tho National Grange
and arc eligible therein, but not en-
j tied to vote.
aktu i.i: i. of ncri:.
Section-1. The officers of aGran-e.
i either National or State, or Subordi -
natr. consist of and rank as follows:
'. r . -r 1 l!l 1
1 Piaster, iMerseei'ijeciurei rie". am,
cr, Ceres, Pomona, Flora and
Ladv Assistant Steward. It is their
! dutv to see that the laws of the Order
j are carried out.
Skc 2. lime Chosm. In the sub
ordinate Granges they shall be chos-
! n ii n it 1 1 v if Vi o vf.m il i r lnrfintT
. , ,..,,, J(
ecemuer, ana i..,tanea at uie
regular meeting in Januaryor as
soou mereancr as piani-a. u iv
State Grange once in two years, and
. . ' .
, ? 7 . " V
years. All elections to bo by ballot.
" -it! .
Vacancies by death or resignation
to be filled at a special election at
the next regular meeting thereof of-
ficers so chosen to serve until the an
Sec. 3. Tho Master of the Na
tional Grange may appoint members
of tl e Order as deputies to organize
granges where no State Grange ex
Sec. 4. There shall bo an Execu
tive Committee of tho National
Grange, consisting of five members,
whoso term of office shall be three
The officers of the respec-
tive granges shall bo addressed as t articli: yiit. cuartcrs ani tisrExs.
"AVorthy." I tions.
auticle 11. meetixos. Srctios 1. All charter and dis-
Section 1. Subordinate Grangos j pensalious issue directly from the
sliall meet at least once each month, 1 National Grauge.
and may hold intermediate meet-j Sec. 2. Nine men and four wo
ings. ; men, having received thu four ul-
Sec. 2. Stato Granges shall meet j ordinate degrees, may receive a dis
annually at Buch time and placo as j pensaiion to organize a subordinate
the Grange shall from year to year j Grange.
determine. j Sec. 3. Applications for dipen-
Sec. 3. The National Grange nhall ! sations or charters shall be made to
meet annually on the third Wednes
day in November, af such place as
tho Grango may from jear to year
determine Should' tho National
Grango adjourn without selecting
the place of meeting, the executive
committee shall appoint the place
anil notify the secretary of the Na
tional Grange and the roaster cf
State Granges, at least thirty days
before the day appointed.
AKTICLK UI.- LAWS.
Tho National Grange,' at its annu
al session, may frame, amend or re
peal such laws as the good of tho or-
der tua r0qUiro. AU laws oi r?iaie
... i .. i l .i ! ' n .....
tler Iu requir0. All
iuiki mm Duuuiuiuuu; viiuucs uiu
conform to this constitution and the
laws adopted by tho National
The ritual adopted by tho Nation.
! teration iu the samo must be submit
ted to and receive tho sanction of
tho National Grange.
elected, aud complying with the
rules and regulations of the order, is
entitled to membership and the Len
t(U of the degrees taken. Every ap-
j Hc.ition must bo accompanied h
feo of membership. If rejected, the j
- v.. ,.ri ... .
lions must be ccrtiiieti by members,!
aml ljallote'1 for ut 'picnt j
,acehn Jt shall reipurc three neg,
autu le i. 1-uus Foil MiiMui'-Ksiiip,
The minimum fee for membership j
. . . . , ii i r 1
lu a suLionimate u range snail ue, lor
men live dollars, and for women two j
dollars, for the four degrees, excej t ,
charter members, who shall pay men j
three dollars, and women fifty cent..
aIitui.U vu. nt ts.
Sixtion 1. Tho minimum of reg-
uiar monthly dues shall be ten cents
from each mriuber.aud each Grange
may otherwise regulate its own due,
Six:. 2. The Secretary of each
Subordinate Grange shall report
tiuarterlv to tho State Grange the
j names of all persons initiated dur-
ing the tpirler, and pay to tho Sec
retary of the State Grange one dob
lar for each man, and fifty cents for
I 'b woman, initiated during the
: quarter; also a quarterly duo of t-ix
: eents tor each memuer; sani report
4r 1 in niinrnvoil nr.il fhl lVftVil Pil nt. fllA
1 1 w v
f... 11 1
hrst session 01 tne urango 111 eacu
Skc. .1. Tho Secretary of the State
Grange-shall pay to tho Treasurer of
the State Grango all moneys coming
into his hands, at least onco every
ten days, taking his receipt therefor;
and shall report quarterly to the Sec
retaay of tho National Grauge, tho
membership in tho Stato.
Srx. 4. Tho Treasurer of each
j State urango snau uexicBii 10 uie
cmlit of tbe National Grange of
credit of the National Grange 01
Patrons of Husbandry, with some
binkino- or trust comnanv ( to bo se
banking or trust company tto do se
j lected by tho Executive Committee),
! " quartcily instalments, the annual
due of five cents for each member
in his State, and forward the receipts
for the name to tho Treasurer of the
Sec. 5. All moneys deposited
with said company shall bo paid out
only upon tho drafts of the Treasur
er, approved by the Master, and
countersigned by the Secretary.
Sec. 0. No Statc-Grango shall bo
entitled to representation in the Na
tional Giango whose dues are un-
! paid for more than one quarter.
the secretary of the National Grange
and be signed by tho persons apply
ing for thosarae.nndbe accompanied
by a fee of $15.
Sec. i. Charter member arc those
persons unbj whose name are upon
r . .g.w
the application, and whose ftca&sp
paid at the timo of organixatiorifc
TheiFnumber shall not u-
nine men and foorwofliTB tCt2or
than twenty wen and twenty women.
Slc. 5. J Fifteen ' J tib6r4ln!;i3,
Grangi m working in a 8tate sshx&
ply tor authority to organutt A
Grango. , : . v f , , a m4
Skc. 0. Vhcio State (irongep are -organized,
dispejisationa fdr the. or-, .
gamzatiou of the subordinate Gransr
ef, heretofore issued, shall jbe r
Xlacod by charter' fijora . tljeV Natfofctj .
Um4)i TtUo Vfartiver lie" Vf
thereafter all applications for, cuae
ters for subordinate Granges stall
pasa through the office of fUe jtiasfer
of the State Grange, ond luustf
proved by him before teyire' fasueO,
by tho National Grango Grange.
When so issued, tho, chaTU'' aall
pass through tho office of he secre-7-fary
of the State Cro'iige aul reccfira,
the signature and official teal
. ' ... Mil.lMTgjl
ofliee. . . r u 4
Sc 7. No Grange t shaH 'cnfeV
mere than one degree on the same
. . ' .i t i ui tow eta
person at the wuue meeting. . . m
AUTK.XK XX. ni'TJKS Of JpVlfCKff2sI
The duties of. the officer of tfef
'National, State, And ;.3ubor4jAVt
Grange shall be pccc9-iVf4jra
... - jej tuKwuw
Aimctu x. TKEAfcoEi.;;iiu1
Srrrl0X4. Tho Treasurer "bt tt3
Nationai State, and' SuWrdiia
proved by th o officers of theiriratf
spective Granges. '" "T - f,!j
g-i n "r .ii- till!- - -
dec. in an oranges Dunai
bo approved by tho ' Master,' ftftfl?
countersigned bpr the secretary ;
fore tho treasurer iianpaj the aame.
auticle xi. r-ncsTnicTloxe.
llrlirinu or MolitumL .oueatrsua
will not bo tolerated as - eubjecU :of
discussion iu the work of tbforJr,;
and no political or religion tiffin
membership ahail be,' applieti,T&rrcr;p
ABTicxxxn. a vWiHm
The Master of the NatiotiatGft
nnd the member of the'(eectfti$3
committee shall be !enrpow6?eo to
suspend from office any office htCH
National Grango who taayrdVe t-
efficient or derelict in th UtBeo&tgi
of his doty, subject to appealit6-t
next M'ssiou thereafter of thetfKi&al
al Grange. r : ; f -rff
AllTlCLK XIII. AMENDMENT?'
. .' ' "i f i; fort:
This constitution can be altered
or amended by , a two third vote or
tho National Grange at any annual
meeting; auu wnen bucu fiitent-Q
or amendments shall have beenVai
ficd bv thioeo-fourths , of tui8!a!i
Granges, and the flaniereorfed
the Secretary of the.
Grange, it shall bo
Tonics for Women!
Nothing makes womu aged taste
rapidly than overwork the reason,
pndiably, that American ,?fdcaiSit
fade so soon. Sunshine, muftiew'tirk
and sleep are tho greatf it iWediciLVa
for women, who need fm6re",t!wp
than men. Their ncrrea' ariitlA'Te
sensitive, and they are hot so' stroflr
nnd exhaustion from labor of-'
ure takes jIaco sooner Wltn' them
than men. Never permit' Tlrritilf
to bo roused out of a deep , sleep in
the morning. In fact one "in'otfld
never should '1d''t'Wat-eneoT l
body rouses itcelf wheu'WSestMa
are tntisfied.r Takb a' Wflrm'Du oc
casionally before; going' io "tCCFt
least once a wcok tlhtffb tlJC5ba
as 3-u fcol 'Ueepy inilftfete-fng;
don't rouse yourself ah(i go tdwC'Jk.
You need rest ' then and ' flT par
for the trespass on your'
nature the next day If youl CtstSj,
i"",rd l. it,J I
Ho lives in Ilbinebeek tuKtrlO ia
years of age, ihreada , m't tessHly ai
arm's length, dept witblQr3en
a 'boy, pUytdraarbUe witbicctt)b,
and turned tbe grinditohe fiSOge
W, to fsbnrpen' bif UUle cherry-cutter.
CF Fp tho very btut TlwiQnu, go
to Bradley. & Knlohwn' OnJIfTy'Vith nn
1XKVATOK.204 Itofctxauuvy dsttokiUm
FritHci.co. t w -ft vitf)
SnbicriU for the IwrfiKr: