Image provided by: Hillsboro Public Library; Hillsboro, OR
About Washington independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 1874-18?? | View This Issue
" v r9i rK frV ft V . U. , TAX U"J ,,lx .
' . -y-zr' . - - ..jji:.... .. " ' '
VOL. II. 7" V ' X ' HILLSBORO, WASHINGTON COUNTY, OBEGON.: FRIDAY, .. FEBRUARY 26, 1875. .NO.,48.
1 if '
HflWor. - 5 3 H1?
EdlUr and Proprietor.
1 BBlfi -)FftUBSCtPTl6X:
On y r,
Sftix ia uths,
.... 1 50
.t - 10
Siagl copies. " .
GATES OF ADVEiniSltfOi
TtXB 1 HQ.
1 WKKK. 1 50
2 WBKK. 2 00
1 MOUTH. 2 50
S mm. 4 50
Skoi. 6 00
2 00 3 50, 00
2 50 ? 4 50" ' 8 50
S 00 5 00 12 00
6 00 9 00 20 00 30 oo
10 00 16 00 30 00 60 00
Jl XUk. 10 00 15 00 30 00 50 00 90 00 ouuuuei ina x ict-i "I'I''smiu ue
. Xooi. Notice.1,25 cent rr "line forrfhof tween theso hours. There have
nt i.irtion,nd 20tentH a line for each i,ee.i no winds as yet, and I am told
inbsa taent inrtioa. No notice less than . J .
f 1 00. that 111 inter even strong winds
Obituary notiees. 10 ent per line. (are r.ire. Hot winds, as in Austttl-
Sammons, Sheriff Sales, nnl nil other j nre unknown, and thundei and
notices. 2 00 ner snnnre. 1st inser
ioa; eachiJ iitio:i vl inst-rtion, l o.
Transient advertwements. $2 00 t in
ertin; each udditionnl insertion, 1 00.
AGES TAT PORTLAND,
JLOENT AT SAX FRANCISCO Tj.P.Fish-
. 20 2l,MerchaufBxchange
California strer t.
AGENTS AT NEW YORK
CITY S. M.
r rrTRWciiLU & Co.. 37 Fftrk Row. cor.
lWkraan t.-Gr.o.r. Rowell & Co.,
41 Turk Row. S - . .
,AEV!'S AT ST. '' iT.fM'TS-R'TVF.T.T.(r-Chssmav.
dir. Th:r;l ;ml Clit' stunt Sts.
Uion inttriKU-d for insertion ' in The
Idipisdkst mnst lt imtlirntica' 1 ly
t' a:ime anil mUres of V.ie writer -nt
nitsirily for imhlic.it ien, hut us a
Ijnanxutj tf g?Ki faith.
OFFIOK In Hillslmm in tli- ol.l Conrt
THoustt huil'lini' n the Public Sui;u o.
p u '.vr: rr.ov.iii rv 1 1 1 s
.Thyslcia-.-. and 5u:g3c.i-
11 ills no no, . - - ouEti .
gJfSj'tclal a 11 1 1 lion 3cr; ' 7 JT- ?-!-77
AW; aLrtt'JIKO.XIC CU'Ll!.
OFFICK-lIain street IT:iI.-T
P. A-BAIT.KV. II.
Thriclantpirgeon and Accoucieur-IZUUJMCTjv.-"
OFFICE nt the Drns Store.
WUL&oiN BOWL.11V, 31. D.
Physician anil Sunrcon,
FOUEMT GROVE, - - - - CKEUOX.
OFFICE?--At bi RewJence, West yf
Jbion' rianinf MilU. nl'J: y
WT. II. SAYLOR, M. D.,
Phyrician and Surgeon.
T0REST GB0VE. - - - - 0HEG0N
O f'FICE At th"Drjf Stow.
f the Drog Store. m22:ly
Gxo II. DCBHAM,
, "j1 'J ?'r-
H. Y. THOMrJinv;
Dnrfaaua & Thompson,
J T T O 72 N E YS-AT-L A W ,
No. 109 First Street,
-Q. A. BUX.
HXL.1t U STOTT, -A
"So. 6 Deknm's Block,
Catlin it Killin,
A TTORXEYS AND CO UNSELOU
IMwBniMias. First Rreot,
THOMAS H. T0HQTJE,
fllllshpro, "Woslungton County, Oregon.
VETER IN Alt Y S UJ! G EON,
HILLSBOKO, - - . OltEGON.
'Will be atf the Oregon Li very stables,
Corner of Morrison and
rortlantL, very Friday.
Mt?,Cfin:ate, Resources and Prospects.
(.(Fini th Dundee Adrerticr Dec. 29,1875
The climatebf Oregon is very
mouths to-day since we arrived here,
during which We have' had entirahr
-Summer weather, much move pleas
ant and enjoyable than the Summer
in Scotland. ' Itiin'r has fallen - oft
t wen tjrtfive .days during these five
months, not consecutively, nor f.o;
a day, bat lasting on an average two
hours'at a time AVha agreeably
surprises us in Summer are the soft
afternoon breezes which blow everv
day, and the cool .-evenings and
From 11 a. m. 3, and
sometimes to 4 P. m., the
S UP - u slia le, with
clear blue skies. Only one day all
. T , , . . ,
' o .t: t i :t i.
lig'dning are rare. Ouly once Lave
we witnessed a thunderstorm, whi;h
Listed an hour a small affair com
pared to these in Scotland. Yet the
newspapers next day told the like of
it had not been witnessed in Oiegon
for fiftcen years. Sj far as ur live
! Iuuullt,i experience gOta, wt) say uu-
j hesitatingly that no better Summer
climate can be tb m in Oregon. 3iut
;'a Wihterhfi? not :r;a--l its r.T-ve;u--
nor g:vea r.
et any w.ir.H!'
ot its approach, altiiough tins l
20:h of October, I can net lei! you
h;t it is like. Only a relation of
of mii.e, :i Votcbxmn, v. ho
la -;t Winter in Oregon, tells me
a.) i.:u:--:-::c Lilv.
ii 1; ;.'..( a:i 1 t ..a
i: ( r.;
e .f L- r ii
'A v.a in .i.-Ii
wji 'i no i v. -it wiims. i'rost, a
came ot'cnsiomiliy, hut lievc-v
longer than a dnr or twr at a time.
So far as health goes, I mm my fam- ;
lv have been ell very miul: healthiii
tbats in i- otlnr.il.
ri'r;i";:r l.i ihd Wi fame lie Valley.
Here i Ihe paradi-;e of tho agrienl- ;
t ui it. 2o ft Hi irii cul fnTuo'i' could
ucauf nawu it (.uin ui ii.niuu ii iiuwmi.-
ages as l e will find in this v.JIey.
Farming is no speculation; failure of
crops is unknown; 'as ye sow, eo
shall ye reap" here; soil is prolific in
the extreme wiihou!; manure; tiie
land is flat and easily plowed; pas
tuies nearly always geon, hence
suited for dairying. The yield with
good cultivat on iHJfa'fj' thirty to
forty bushels per acre which, how-
ever.through poor farming is not the
average of tho Stite. Such lands
(improved faims) can bo obtained
(bought) froai C to H an acre, with
houses, barns, etc., included, ail in
wood, with tine scenery around.
Grain, especially wheat, is beiutiful,
plump and lrge, and the yk'M of
vegetables and fruits is something
unparalleled. It is pain ul tr ride
aloi g a country road and see the or
chards goiiv. to waste, the trees over
bearing themselves with proliricness,
and nobody to eat or mako use of
the fruit. I am satisfied that West
ern Oregon owes her extreme pro
lificness .and certainty of crop fttore
to the evenness of her climate Sum
mer and Winter and to the annual
rains than to the soil itself. Butter,
milk and cheese command equally
as high prices as at home. Wheat
sells at os to 4s per bust el at Port
land, the cost of raising it being (in
eluding labor, rent and interest on
money) 2s a bushel inclusive of
freight. Sheep farming is profitable,
the average price price obtained for
wool this year is Is 3d per pound;
the cost of "growing wool," as it is
technically called, is Gd per pound.
But as very large flocks are tin
known, and there are no farms here
with from 5,000 to 8,000 acres on
wheat alone, as in California, a splen- ; of buckwheat; 40,000 of Has; 500,000
did opening is open for some of our j of potatoes; 50,CU) of onions; 400,
proclirai agriculturists of Scotland. I 000 of apples; 200,000 of pears ;250,-
with steam plows and modern farm
machinery, fo make monev in the
Willamette Valley. TI19 way fan-
in- is conducted here". Compared" to
t- i.' i 1 -...-t !T.r-- rCTI
first thing which strikes an experi
enced farmer from Great Britian is
the poor manner in which the soil is
cultivated. Thi reminds me of
Scotch New Zealand'' farmer from
the colonies, who this Summer, on
observing the bad cultivation of
Oregon fields, said to:jfa Weel a
weel, I hae some chance kere,whaur
I had nane in Otagi. "i'v had to
fight wi' each other thereiiS wawere j
all guid farmers, rubbin against
the otner, and seeing by thick com
petition it tak's us all our time to get
a leevin' in New Zealand, we've pros
pects o rubbiu' out o the worl the
pair ploughing thej' hae here, and
oiakin' money, when they canna hand
e canel tae us." This remark
struck me as verv true iudeed. If a
r cotch farmer applies himself to the
soil here as he does to his well ma
nured Scotch farm he will make
. aster by farming here than
in any other part of the world. All
that is wanted here is industrious,
preserving men from Europe, who
will work with a will; and such men
with a little capital snv .C3U0 to l,-
on,. . .. ii..: - i i" -ii
y,w oii iue;i in ri a in iieic, win ciy
readily in four or live years j;ay back
the price of any faun they may pur
chase in Western Oregon. Let me
1 , . , ,
uoweve-r, correct one serious mistake
Wiucu ait travelers ami newspaper
correspondents have fallen into
namely, siutiug that good farm
Tan. Is c.iii be had :a t!i 4 Will i:acl .
V.:lley id iC.s. p-:r i..'je. i hi ; i;is
tuLo Las irisen from eiiig oiiiy
oue-sixth of the agrictiliurr.l lauds
of the valley in actual cultivation,
ami obsirving the virgin prairie in
At y 1.. Ji'j . -u:riv.l; one-.o'.ir. a
iheir farms, ami some, in -'c-id
being disposMl to sell a part of what
tt.cv di not eui'ivaJe, rather to pre-
, 1 .
1 t p:ii!-t.;ir.e (it Ihe v can get it)
, . . t
l.u.r iieiLruixrs l;:r.l w henever
-.iicTi a chance is open. As a
Oregon farsoers ixa
j aiol a few of them
I .. . .1 t 1 f f. II
i stem couii'Hicu uuii iJ.'ippv, exceni
At wiieat-sclung tinies, wlien
is the farmers' old tory grumbling s
at not getting better iriccs. Of
m,.i-n ;.,f.. : . :..,t......i t.....i .
vm-" , until x nun iiiui ii ii iiiiit.i
(of which latter there ii-a large
ti'Mi in the valley) can be had at 15s
fc 4.i ti-v-- nit rui I lit. ru illir
around villages I would not reconi-
mend Scotch cottiers to pn rch nse
.. Tl ... 1
them. It will pay a mm far better
j to purchase portion in atsh and on
(imr a iroenl imnroved farm. fenced
I - f
and buildings, than lo go back upon
tin vast tracts of Government land j
111 JjiHICl 1J , tJJ UlUI 111 II1UI UWULIlLilMl-
ern Oregon, which can be got at 5s
an acre. These will, however, in
wtiioVA i nil. . vV-LHi 'ii. i . (uni
railwivs will eventually pass through
them, and as there are still :j
of Kastern Oregon and Washington
belonging to the Government, which
could sustain 20,000,000 of people,
now occupied by 12,000 to 13,000,
you can imagine what a wide field
there is on this North Pacific Coast
for over-populated Europe to pos
sess, having a climate, soil, scenery
and products superior to any por
tion of the American Continent,
where a man can select ICO acres
j ami retain it as a gift from the Uni
ted States, given him in return for
actual settlement only. The Wil
lamette Valley contains (including
the small towns and Portland) four
fifths of the population of Oregon,
or 80,000 people. The farmingclass
proper, with their families, number
40,000 persons, who have produced
this year in Western Oiegon 5,
000,000 bushels of wheat; 100,000
; of Indian corn; 5,000 of rye; 2,100,
; 000 of oats; 350,000 of barley; 5,000 j
000 of other fruits; 125,000 tons
of hay; 1,000,000 pounds of wool;
j 30,000 hides; 1,400,000 pounds of
f nog product; J40.0C0 barrels
flour. . Not a bad showing for such ;
population, and yet only one-sixth
of. the Willamette Valley is culti-
vated. Tliat valley is considered
the agricultural portion of the State.
Southern, Southeastern and Eastern
Oregon are now used as stock and
sheep rangesji unlimited in extent,
which mar npw and will bo occu
pied rent fi'ee for many years to
Valleys in Oregon and Washington
Suited for Agriculture.
One cau scarcely imagine the mi -
,. , J . , , .
merous little vallevs suited for agri-
culture scattxred all over the North
. , . , T . .
l'acinc Coast which-1 have not men-
. , . ,
tioned (in area lour cr live times the
Viilleys of astern Oregon,) over
0 . '
uim uu)uim nu eutcp-iuiiiiiuLr ihiuis
proper. I subjoin a list of valleys
1 of some importance:
wiiL.nutt, Valley 175 45 cx.ooo
I North l'mFlna 40 15 3,o;0
South I'luiMiua . . .
i Josi.hme 'I
j j.Jhu iVy. . . . . . .50
WiUw reek. . .
r.ircli Cntk ...
. . H
Walla Walla. ..
I'owiler Uiv. r. .
t. .. i. i:... -
; fU'llll lull I . . .
i wjii,,w Creek
Walla Walla (W. T.).10
Tuu. het 10
' A'jxuia 11
I l'ah.r.s.. If 0
! CIii-aT.iai; iinr W.T)li)0
!. (0:;etf..ii '2't
. Ya-:-.i:ua HO
, Sjiolcaii- Ji
! Cht-h.ilis GO
I Incl:i'lii:" eitv.
If must, bo reus.
arc 5 tin '-i.iiri
tute 01 timler,
o.: an aver; .;'' liui
; as i.iucli
e i.i r.hove ;
It i surprising to see the immense
! i. . .. . .. .
f quantitv of beautiful timber-the tall
i . , . , . .
i trees, as straight a an arrow, shoot-
i . A ., , , , , ,
I ,no two or t-'iee hundred feet aoove
! free of limbs for 11 earl v a hundred
feet. Xothing so pleasos tho variou
son Captains as the quality of ihe cc-
- , .
and other imperfections. One
Dundee "shipmaster told me the oth
er day there was nc thing like it in
i er day there was nctlung like it in
i ,n .. , ii- lt
, ( -ui'ii hi I 1 1 1 f 1111 liiiv Irmln iu tirif f r
; large, but is at present confined to
'."i,". -,v vv. .v..,..-
' j lian (,'olonies, China, Japan and the
; ( -1 1
lliero aro some
tifler.li Rriitin'r k!uiis oiir'.-i.-rfwl in i 1 1 : r
I . , , . . , ? .
: trade, having their headquarters in
Oregon and Washington. Of course
San Francisco is the nearest, as it is
the largest market at present. From
that city it is shipped to various
cities in the South Pacific Ocean.
There are some thirty to thirty-five
coasting schooners in the San Fran
cisco lumber trade. At no distant
i . m -v a
' ' , , .
. i A iiuuv . -.
advance to such an extent.
opinion, umi, it win inai mo pres-
ent wheat trade of Oregon. For
shipbchbng it is unsurpassed; and
on the Sound and the coast of Ore-
gon there are now building some
r. :i mi ii. . i
thirteen to fifteen v; els, two of
which are 1400 to loOO tons register.
Labor at ship-buildingis high somc
where about 15s a day; but, on . the
other handr material is astonishing
ly cheap. Spars, knees, rosin, tar,
and everything necassary excepting
sans are on tlie spot. liat tins
State needs, and what there aro la -
crative openings for, aro
A few gentlemen at Coos Bay the
odierday amalgamated to build a
1,000 ton shin. After
the estimates they contracted to
d at 12 per ton complete. A
den ship, I meaail - Neir to W
rather at, Portland, there is a splen
did natural site for a graving-dock
and shipbuilding yard at Albina, be
longing to Edwin Kussell, manager
Bank of British Columbia.Tortlahd,
neariownicu are now uuuuing a
few river steamers. There
! many foreign ships arriving and dc-
parting that a shipbuilding yard for :
graving and for repairs would pay!
' well. The manufactories in Oregon
j at present are one smelting iron
! work, eight miles distant; three iron
! foundries; about 70 to 80 llour mills;
i five large woolen mills; a large pa-
! per mill, and several taneries. Two
things which will build up Portland
are first, its nearness to a large
j iron bed, found to be nearly twenty
miles long and seven miltrt broad,
! ana having timber unlimited and
, coaJ .v hia fe miles tbe Co1'
' umbia Tiivei ; and, second, an im-
! meiife wnti r-ncwer, upwards of 'lie
I milium ;.orse-power, at Oregon C'ty,
t , , ., 4l
a small village twelve miles up the
, 71 ir t ti
I river above Portland. Ihe success
, t . .
of m .uiufactories is fullv asfured.
; ii 1 i i
1 Determined to have railways (tho
! want of which is a Ferious drawback
to this whole North Pacific Coast)
and an Atlantic connection, the Leg-
uve of Oregon is going to ss a
2.iMo the same powers as citizens, and nl
.300 so olvino exemption for taxes for
3oo weniy years to all railroads com-
K0 i ine"eed to bo built within tho next
l0 five years. Tnis latter concesion in
-(j . valuable, mid already two compa-
nies have acquired from the State i ,lirCct railway connection with th
'33 and piopose to mako Altantin con-; Atlantic States, which, when ye
130 nections. Warned by previous ex-' cured' will advance this 1 country
15 . perieuco of the way in which one of 1 rnoro than the Central Pacific1 Rail-
uSio iailxva.vs was builfc Sh'e "f i way did California. '
'jikj . Oregon is taking great care of its! , , , :
financiid re-nutation, and will isissj
sevire lawj; fe.r the prc'tcction of tho j
i.-jteresls of foreign bondhohlers as
against the railroad companies in the
State, r'uch a cliiingc is much iuod
ed, and your correspoixleail is help
ing now to g. t pas-sr-il rv.rh laws,
which ;ire i: :
1 1 m Oi f V( . ;
1 i .IS i ', . v
n v ior
' ' 1 1
, r.r.il 1:
'! -1. ( '( I-
I'-j :;..') ?:i!
dor iuicii iu v.-
tho inlerehls of bonhohler;J, aTid
given them a voice in , tho lua.iagc-
meut of the road, and seemed its
revenues for the bondholder' pro
tection that i" is imro:-iblo in future
f-l w.iX d.'-:ulcali.i!i ; t i:;'-e, eor-uer.-.',
or watering o? slock and such
oilier practices a: have bt e:i cmmon
in the Western States. The Legisla
ture in 1ST2 passed a law entitling
foreigners to invest in this State in
nnv lltuzrlUnrr iho uma hs elli.
0 JUUl.ji ias ueen written aireauv
j upou tlie SCPuej v 0f this coast that it
is no use lor mo to uescTtie it. i
v ill only say that a sail up the Col
umbia Itiver, from Portland to Wal
luhi (for Walla Walla,) a distance of
3"0 miles is something which can
not be sufficiently described. I feel
satisfied we have nothing like it in
Great Britian. This reminds me of
a pleasant reminiscence. Sailing up
the Columbia in Jnlv last in oue of
the handsome river steamers of the
' ore-en nteain .Mivi-auoa company,
I fll.ll l li ii. il,xWflji lite UI!IUUC JIUUU'
- t.ti, ; ,,.vG do you think j nefc therfc?
j "vi . .V. lt. Gilroy, of Dundee, son
j of :.r Gt 0 Gilrov, quietlv sitting
ut ono of tIlo wharfs waiting for the
stcamer Ho caught my eye on
board before I saw him and wo both
were astonished to meet each ether
without previous notice among the
wild scenery of the"Far West," away
from civilization, and 7,000 miles
from Dundee. Nothing brings one
so near the "old country" as w hen
. lj0 KUadeuly meets an old friend
1 thousands of miles away from home,
j ye cnmc to Portland together,
I and talked of home, and nothing
! es? nm wo thcrraftcr my
young friend, Mr. .. It. Gilroy left
me to cross the Pacific Ocean and
visit China, Japan and India before
! turning to Bonnie Dundee, which
j lie wa3 to te&ch in omber.
. Kindness ot trie people.
On arrival here in Mar we vcre
gladly welcomed by all clasf cs. Your
correspondent did not think he was
known in anticipation in the ''Far
West" until traveling through the
different portions of the country.
j f'Duudeo" is a household word in
Oregon,-1 assure you; and jf a ;pan
anys he comes from"tliat" eft v" to 'w '
; welcomed. i,The
j upon that city as their friend, .ftml ' !'
' is proud of what Scotland is dqin" ",Pi '
for Oregon, end , expect that pfo ;
Scotch m eh wi)l coJiio niid rear 'un '
j nd develop its various iindoitak- , .
ings. btrango to say that tuo large
business hous-eii aro all Ihitinh. Al
along tho Valley you ripd Scotch
fanhdrs m .largo humbejs, ' and '
. . . 1 1
scarcely a day passes but' I' meet ' " " ! "
of them hero hiico iSiT. ' Thry nil
unite iu saying that Oregon is tho
likest place to Scotland iii seen'eiy
climute, etc. After my arrival hero
tho various s!eam navigation , com
panies and the the Oregon and Cali
fornia, and Northern Pacific Rail-
j way Companies tendered mo free
passes to visit any poitiou of tho
j country from British Columbia to
Southern Oregon. When we waited
on tho Governor at the Capital wo
were there also welcomed, nnd spent
n few hours talking over tho subject
of immigration with Governor Gro
ver. Oregonians think much of their
country, and well they may, and all'
that it needs to make it a hive of in
dutrv for tho Anglo-Saxon race is -
' ' - .
foney commands 10 to 12 per'
I ct lit. al the banks and real cs tut a
! securities. So high is the -rato of
interest that in Vashingtou Terriio-i
vy b" to 18 per cent, is obtainetl.Uut
tliis high rate 13 unquef.tionably
bii'd; lnarniiactorif-.o. If
; cly at 1.0 per
cent, tl o eo:r;(j v
m:-ch iv.c-vo rapidly than it i.
iiow. 'i'iiire ciirrnntf: who hao
come and are coifing do not bring
with them much capital. Thfro avo
! hundreds of opportunities inOrogon
for men with a few thousand pound?.
Large financial undertakings whieh
would yield 12 to 15 per cent, are
suspended for want of capital. Joii
riuttf-- invr.-'tiiicvf cannot fail toprovo
renuMUii'.ivc if well managed. 'Tho
crops are heavy and always certaiu
so that man need not fail to pay in
terest on money ho borrows at mod
erate rates unless he is reckless or u
spendthrift. - "Tlie longer ouo live
hero the more he notices tho man
wavs to succeed by honest industry
and with capital, but it is danger
ous (except for, farming) for ,n new
comer to invest his means "right
awav," as tlie Americans say. Ho
must be here a few months and ac
quire some experience beforo cni-
j barking ou his own responsibility.
For commerce a wide field is .'open
to take ud vantage of tho produco of
tho country, and export it to various
portions of the world. Prospective,
ly no country offers such encourag -incut
for commc'ico as Oiegoii does
to-day. It may. bo ten or twelve
l i .
years ieioro a largo vommercnu
trade is builttip, but it i coming for
certain some day,' tho State having 1
everything which constiltites mate-- - "
; rial sucgess,-nnd all that is wanting 1
j is cajtifal, immigration ami JtoilrSaihP .' :
Already Oregon will have this year V,s'
100 whips visiting its ports (o; ;carry
away the wheat and flour ' of tho f'":
State; and last year there wero' 170
ship and steamer nrriva!s; nul de'-'o nl
part urea in the coasting trade nldne. '
from tho Columbia Itiver. to .Sai ,j
I Francisco. This has been tho dra,-w,
Ixick of tho wholo State,; its;, .beigfr jft...,
Bubscrrient and Taking;, tiihuto, ,(uffffl
San Francisco, naai-ly.. thrco-fouvll4t
of tho State impoiU and . oue-t)ird,nt;Jf
of its export iroing into ind depart-'j;!
ing f ropi Oregpn through l, tho gpldeu (
gate of San Fxancisco,, an4 tiu (Jf j
there re-shipped direct to foreign
countries."" ' ' ' ':. - '! 1 A
I am very sorry my tiruo , will, not
rmit me givirg.you a longer de
nption of this State. Jtours Jtc,
Wii'ftAkr Itti-trv A