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About Washington independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 1874-18?? | View This Issue
V II I I' I - -
HILLSBOKO, WASHINGTON COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, JANUARY 22, 1875.
tdlUr and. PraprUUr.
TEEMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
fill motitha,.. ....
Tkra months, .
Singla aoyiea. . .
KATES OF ADVERTISING:
1 q. 2 nq.
1 1 SO 2 00
1 wmx. 2 00 2 SO
1 ttoxT. 2 SO .1 00
S kM. 4 SO 6 00
a mm. e oa k- 00
1 TSA. -10 00 15 00
Tx b NoTicKa,25 cont per line for the
tlrat insertion, andj20oents ft line for each
bn0Bt innertioa. No notice less than
Obituary notices, 10 cent pr line.
Hnramnna, Sheriffs Sales, and all other
Hfal notieea, $2 00 per square, 1st inser
tion ; ah additional insertion. $1 00.
Transient advertisements. $2 00 1st in
sertion; aaeh additiou&l insertion, $1 00.
AGES T AT POKTLAND, OfEGON L.
GENT AT SAN FRANCISCO L.P.Fish
iwnirmi 0' Jk 21. Merchant's Exchange
AGENTS AT NEW YORK CITY -S. M.
iiiTii or ... . . 7"J'
A. v y,
i taric now.
AOEKT8 AT ST. LOUIS -ItowKiuf
itrasn .if.o. x. a .., ,
linmw, Cor. J bird ana Chestnut Ms.
TO COtiKSPONDENTS. AH coinmnni-
ations intended for insertion in Tine i
I m lurinpiwT inn t be authenticated by
ft name and addreaa of the writer -
. a 1 vt:..A 1...A
ii nrensariiy ir "ioiivuiiun, uut an m .
aarautr of good faith.
v. t t -At 1 1 a
nrrit r. -in muiko.. m me om court- ;
Hsnsa b!diS on the 1 ulmc uare.
t- -1 i'.- - - I
PBOFESSIOXAI-i CARDS. J
JOHN VITE. M. I.. I
TIES; aUnfJlF:oXIC I'l.' h'liS.
OFFICE Main street Hillsbore, Oregim
. r ;
F. A. BAILEY, M-
Physician, Surgeon and Accoucheur, j
HII LSBOE0. - - - - - OREGON-1
OFFICE -at tae Drug Store
WIlSOX UOWLBY, M. D.
Physician and 8 ur croon,
TOnCMTtlltOTK, .... CREU0X.
OFFICE--At his Kei!denee, West of
Jshason's Flanin? Mill. txiO : y
W. H. SAYLOlt, 31. !.,
Physician and Surgeon.
F0BEST OE0VE. - - - - OREGON
OFFTCK At the Drop Stor.
B KSIDKNCE Corner Second Bloek south
f th Drug Store. n22:ly
Cso H. DcaHAU,
H. Y. Thommox
Durham A Thompson.
J T TO R XE YS-AT-L A IT ,
No. 10r First Street,
. . BALL.
BALL A. STOTT,
A TTORNE VS-AT-LA W,
No. 6 Deknm's Block,
oiil cATrr. a. kilxij.
Cattin Ml KiUin,
ATTORNEYS AXD COUNSELOR
Dtk urn's Building. First Street,
TBOHAS H. TONGUE.
Uilljboro, WashingVa W.'X. PSn.
VE TEH IN A It Y s u n o E o X,
HILLSBORO, - . OREGON,
ty Will be at th Oregon Livery stab Jos,
Corner- of Morrison and FirMt greets,
rortland, eterr Friday.
?, LE(4i- ADVERTISEMENTS.
S. Land Office, Oregon I'ity, ?
Orr'on, December 10th ls7i' ) ;
To John Pool and his assigns, aud to
whom it may concern. " j
A petition having been filed in the Gen-
eral Land Office on the part of the heirs nt
law of Jane pool, deceased, lato wife of
iiaid John Pool, alleging that a wrong ap-
portionment has been nmde of the douatiun ;
UiH! clalin of Rrtid parties, ns recited in cor- i
HHcfe No. 3228, of this office, bii.fr claim
jio.CO. audp-rUr .tio 7 and 18 in,
Town 1. North Ean;jc 2 West, in Washing-
i ton Cuntv. Or .,n: aud asking for a re-
iil)jM.rtiomuent of mu claim, and that the
John Pool and the Noeth half to the heirs
j at law of his Intf wife, the said Jane Pool.
J deeits-d, ftnd the naid ietition having leen
referred to thU Orlli-e liearing: You ;tr
hen-hy 'notified that the ease Uset for hear -
ing at this Offire on the 21th day of Fchrna- ;
ry, 1S75 at 10 o'cloek . M. vhtn all parties '
interested will be afforded opportunity to
make such showing as thr mav desire!
OWEN WADE. i:-gister
1IENUY WAKMEN. lloivivrr.
NOTIt'E IS TlEHEliY OIVEN THAT
the nndersii-ned has len aintointed hv
00 00'th., Conntv Wl of .1,, St ,f 1)
gon for Washington County.ndminsttator f
the estate of Itanso n P. linker, decease!.
AH persons having claims against said estate
will present the Kame with the proper
voucher, nt my furm two niles northwest
of Gaston in Washington Conujy, )rrgm,
within six iu'iiths from the date of this no
tice, and all irsons indebted to said estate
will make immediate payment of the same.
Gaston, Dec. lMh 1S74. u3.:w4
Xotice of Final Stt! men .
NOTICE IS HEItEIiY GIVEN THAT
I have tiled iu the County Comt f the
Stat of Oregon for Washington C-ountv iu
final settlement a.-ount as administrator of
the estate of T. (. Nayloi, deceased. All
aotiaed that Thursday, the 7th day of Jnn-
.... . . , . J
1 '.. n . aiti
! court for the final hearing and SettK-xiiL-nt
af est.ite. JOHN E. GI.EASON
,..,. . 17- . ,n..,...:.i
.Notice of Final : M tllciiK nf.
f ' U4','11 ."V":'1. 1 "A 1
... ............ ......... .
' ,m' uarsii;neii n.s nint in me 1 4un-
... ,.,.,-. r i-i
j , ttu t:onTIv hi!4 ftc-j ncrnt Aflmin.
iMtrat. rof tl,e . f. of Goo4. V
deetased. All rersonK interest, d in said :
sai-l Court. f.r th ? fin;d httleiuent of :.id
state. JOSEPH DAVIS.
... .. . .. !
1 n.i ;w
Over th"god Utv
lK,dy is anxious to 1,-rvr. Whv f course.
viuii'U in fart v ry
. . r
I new More, tvellogg-fc,d-n-e and seo the rheani
new store, tveilo fe lu and st-ethe rhean J
Kod that are sold ther-. It is ,,,,,,.,1. u I
auy body Kunle The Oo..ds were i
earefull'srli t-.l n"d of L"t vai!-tv.
...;.i r:.t-., w.-.i i.'.... 1 i .
! i 1.,. f
t in ,
,jll - nl2
KAIIN t FKlEDENItlCn
TIIOS. 1. IU .MPHHKVS. j
xTAinm rrnuc n,ii coxyf.yaxcku
LUtiAL .apf rs drawn and collections
made. usinss entrusted to his eare at
tended to rcmitly.
urrjei.-.vwLonrt llsme. 1
.lioaleiinia IoIe No. .0, I.
tft. i. F.'Meet vxrv Wedns-
.SJ - .
-vV''V" dnv evt-nin, n t Masonic Hall, in
brethren in good staudincj are invited to
l!y order N. t.
FOEEST GROVE LODGE, No. 136,
MT.ETS AT ITS 11 A LI. KVERY SAT
nrday eenin. at C, oVlrx k. All
nieudiers f thet)rdrin f,'HI standing are
cordially iavite J to attend.
OKO. A. VRXsr, PEOrKI-TOR
The Largest Stock on the Coast. massesof the people, pioi that
R. W. Corner of First and Morrison streets their own selfish purposes Can be at
rORTIANJ OREGON. n42 ly taincd. Such are the nowerful mo-
Smith, tlane & Co.
Particular attention givcx 6o house-lmild
iiiK uud fruniiue.
Wm A cC READY
IfOBE,ST GHOVE OREGON.
MANU1 AC ri;iER AND DEALER IN
all kinds of
jA. h ecr 0 v
8ADDLE3. BRIDLES KWHIF8 A Lash
I'V R-pairinnopJvvtty attendel to. nl.3;2
Objects aid Aims o! Patrons of Hus
bandry. An Address by Lecturer Wright.
A' j m,- To
The Grangers opposed ta tna Tyrenny
0 UonOOOliOS Tito E2flS3ft
J. W. A. "Wright; L-Cturaxof the
, ,., . ,
aiirorma Dtaie urange, nan receni-
i v mnu!o an official tour in the south-
era portion of that State, and has
delivered a public address before the
j . . . , ,
j Grangers at different points from
! which the following are extracts:
Among the most serious
, . ... n .
,ufltIe against the Grange by our op-
! ioncnts are that we are waging war
1 . . ... i 1
; agninsi. capital iu cuciui, uuu ui v
opposed to nil railroad enterprise.
i We are not enemies to capital, as
' 1. ttri.K : i t... i ...4.
I bUCU UU aCllUWOU UUUC" WU
and fair dealing always brings with
it that honor which U e dignity of
labor confers. For wealth, so ac
quired, we believe it just and right
that everyone should strive. But
riches obtained by unjust means, by
corruption in office and in our legis
lative halls, by defrauding tho wid-
i ow and the orphan, by taking ad
j VJllitage of the necessities of others,
; by the practice of unjust usury, by
.. . j 1 i 1 1
j bating grantn, fraudulently located
j so as to dispossess the rightful own-
vo f i Itn CAll CHtll VlflhAQ miict
v 4. J lilt rvi a v a iivi.7 iiiui
... . 1. a a!.:
t sooner or laiier urinir if nieir pos-
I x, . . , . . . .
! RC-ssors that infamy which the:r
i criminal conduct merits. As is ful-
1 1 a . ..it. .
t i ht-i loiiti 111 uur imarnuon bu ur-f
: TK,ses. wo are not enemies to rail-
f roads. For that Afr we woul(1
rather avc two where one now ex-
! ;f0 mvl,!.,! 1 !ir rlllil Ilia
f ! . 4, . , .
uu""' lu 1 c 111 1 n " 1 a 01 iuo jmtuuiv,
without nv Credit Mobiler manage-
arate companies must own thcm.and
. a .a t . - a.
.'.111110- SCii OUl TO CICD OlUer lor IUO
oppressiop of thepei ple.
I : Is the Grange a Monopoly ?
It is sometimes chargod by thoso t
. !.- 11. -if iinflaretnil f.r I
uuvvianmi v .
uu anuaiiy oppose iue uwngc
1. L II.. A. !
,. , ,
application of our principles, are es-
tablishing a grcatei monopoly and a
more hurtful ring than those we
complain of. This assertion is both
i a monopoly? Did you ever examine
carefully to find out? Let us acek
seek for its riginal meaning, nnd
we find it is from the Greek woreTs
nutnos, alone and xrrrt, to sell, or
literally, to srll alone, llv one of our
lcst autliorities it is defined as fol
lows: "The ole power of dealing
j in any species of goods, or dealing
! ni .Ii. rsi AAiinll! T. V lr ! n
i i.ti tin f v-w a 1 1 v . 4t ra, v ijkj i v;
power or permission to deal; exclu
sive command or possession." Such
powers are usually vested by some
authority in the hands of some per
soji, or at sac-. oJ afew persons as
sociated iuto a corporation or com
pany. Tiese persons are protected
in certain rights and privileges by
law, or by the-control of vast c ipital
j to the exclusion of the great mass of
their fellow citiaens. They usually
! exercise tles privilege- regardless
I of the wishes nod interests el the
nopolies which we all know have ex-
isted and do exist in the handling
of grain, cotton and other products
of ugriculturc; and the great rail
road, navigation and monopolies,
which have too long been and over
shadowing ajiel blighting power
throughout our laudL But how dif
fferant from this is tbe beneficent
spirit of the Giange, based rapou the
w-aiiLsaiad. interests ol the mil pre
vading power of agsicnlture suc-ces-iul
agriculture tke very basis of
all i-aMonsJ. prosperity. How differ
ent thus spirit el the Gurange, whose
pnrposes teochiags-and enterprises
are iuieneled to secure for the hum
blest of its million or two members
all the infoimation, privileges, im
munities and profits which the Or-
j der at lnrgjecan conujnd. Still if
. 1 .. A - 1
! our opponents choose to call our or
ganization a monopoly and a ring,
let them (all it so. What odds does
it make tk us? - If it must be mis
called a great monopoly, let it be ho. j
There iiCO oppression in thiscombi-1
nation of farmers and their families.
What We 'object to is tho tyranny of
A Farmer Uonopoly, Broad and Lib
W"e are willing to belong to a ruo-
nopolr which enrolls under the same
. banner nearly 2,000,000 of the most
! earnest men and women of America,
. - .... . ,. . ,
ignoring political, sectional and re-
ligious differences, and contending
n unin against the many ills of
which we know we justly complain.
"We are willing to belong to a mo
nopoly which encloses in its ample
folds the great mass of the bono and
sinew of a land 'intended by our
forefathers to be free, and which we
wish to make freer than it is. We
are content to be included in o ling
whose boundaries are now so wide
as to include every State and Terri
tory of the Union. Had such a ring
bound us together twenty years
since. xe gloomy ecenes uirougii
t. r t 1 a . 1 a
a. - t it 1
wuicu we posseu len years ago might
never have been enacted. Were this
great ring cf ours to have occasion
a ii a i .
to xaii upon certain ouicr nine rings
and cliques, which we have been
taught to dread so much in the pat
don't you think the latter would be
somewhut in danger of being smash-
ed in the encounter? We hopo they
wouu- Agaiusi, us vnsi mouieu ca -
ital chooses to artav itstlf. This we
f it . a
' uu' uriWMlHl"
great power; but Have not we and
,ur power aim eaun
Tuke the industrial ami pro
ducing classes of America to-day, in
cluding not only farmers, but me
chanics, miners, every laboring man
and woman, every honest trader,
whose interests aro identical with
ours, and all citizens, indeed, whose
hearty sympathies are with us in
this btrug"lo. What do wo conirol?
mve on our
side the unques-
A 1 . . r l. .....1 I I.
wealth of modticts nnd Inhor. From
these hae all the boasted wealth of
tnosc wtio onoose to oppose us heen
accumulated, either justly or unjust
ly. We trust the time is coming, and
that at no distant day, when the
mere power of money unsupported
by merit and justice, if placed in the
balance against true rminhood aud
womanhood, will go up like a feath
er in tho scales against a true
weight. True manhood and woman
hood should ever outweigh the mere
consideration of money.
As patrons of Husbandry, we are
contending for principle ;we are con
tending for a set of noble purposes,
founded on the eternal principles of
truth and-justice; not for the ad
vancement of any man or set of men,
nor any political prty; nor is our
motive tire ovethrow of any man, set
of men or political party. Our en
terprises ar not speculative, but
protective in their intentions and
character. The Kaome it a Grange
enterprise, I eare not what it is, be
gins to b conducted for speculative
purposes, iastead of tho protection
of agriculture and our industrial
classes, that moment it ceases to
breathe tbe truo spirit of our Order;
it will ecessarilv causo dissatisfac-
tion and division among our mem
bers; it aftt-st soon Languish and d'e.
Let us-, then, avoid this rock, my j
fellow-Patrwi, as a ship would shun I
the sho&ls ru reefs upon our coast.
By a speculative purpose here, I
mean the purpose of enabling those
who manage an enterprise to accu
mulate wcak by it, or to make
money out of it, in the common
sense of the terra, instead of saving
as much expense as possible to the
menxbers of the Grange. But I re
joice to say that, so far as my knowl
edge goes, our various Grange en
terprises in this State and elsewhere
will stand the test of tho strictest
examinations in this and other re
soecJ.. Should anv on cntfr th?
Grange expecting to take adrantago
of it to accumulate moneyed or po
litical capital, he will find himsdf
The Farmer as a Middleman.
I The attempt to make farmers np-
pear to be monopolists and specula
tors by their organization in the
Grange is only n little less absurd
than the lame effort uhich appeared
lately in a respectable paper of Sun
Francisco, to prove that the farmer
himself is a middleman himself be
tween the miller and the baker. It
is a great distortion of words to try
to prove tho farmer, by reason of
his occupation, a middleman in any
sense. What is a middleman? Its
definition by an acknowledged au
thority is tbis: "An agent between
between two parties, a go-between,
a broker." In no manner can the
farmer in tilling or pasturing the
soil be made to appear as an agent
between two parties, except it is be
tween Nature, or I should say the !
God of Nature, and the needy mill
ions of the world who are fed aud
clothed aud sheltered by the lich
products of his toil.
W lilt; IVWJJ,' ui
prouuee-j, lie goes iu uamu u,.,.,
' 1 ai. , t .e 1. .1 4 .. .1
, aim nuue remu oi iiiiiuin uu
handiwork he receives for -unnum-
be red millions till the richness of ce-
' 1 lr 'a. t 1.1.1... 1
i rais ana imuim, 01 u ui.s
meats and textiles, which feed and
clothe the world. Wo do not know
of his acting as a "go-between," ex- j
cept whjn he goo from one buyer
of products to another, or from one
..! i:,. i .....il.... ,-.
; senT 01 uVVm y, uumuci ,
i make the b.st bargain he can ami
! "' uv " "7 . . . I
1 progts ol ins unceasing lauor.
this is right on the principle, "Live
and let live." As to the farmer be-
insr abrokcr." tho onlv instance
in which I know of
ouo is when, as is too frequently the
case, he find himself "broke" at the
end of the year's Iran- ac iots Be
ing a "broker" in thin sense certain
ly places him in n very different po
sition from that of the usual broker.
Ths Grange and the Press.
Having alluded to what a newspa
per has to s;iy of us, allow me iu con
eluding these remarks to fcay in gen
eral, that no order or class of citi
zens has ever perhaps shown a high
er appreciation of the press than
hare the farmers in the Grange. We
have shown our estimate of it by ad
mitting into our ranks some of its
editors who were not practically en
gaged in agriculture, but have al
ways proTed themselves to be the
true friends of agriculture. We in
tend this as an acknowledgement of
the great value of the press, whose
truo mission it is to tow brt adcast
tho seeds of knowledge ami truth
among our people We vafoo the
rfiendship of the papers, and we are
gratified that heretofore, in Califor
nia especially, we have had a goodly
share of their fvor. We appreciate
this, and hopo it will continue. We
value the support of the prodncing
and industrial classes, regardless of
their party affiliations. True, thero
have been a few papers, especially
in San Francisco, which have either
abused us outrigSit, or pnrsaed a
policy which ia equivalent to patting
on tho back with one hand and slap
ping us in the face with tho other.
Fortunately the circulation of such
sheets is very limited, esefcptin the
city, aiul we hope it will bo moro so.
Sotue have even gone so far as to in
dulge in personalities, especially
since the unfortunate failure of 11.
E. Morgan's Sons, which beyond
question was carefully planned and
brought about by the machinations
of those who choose to bo or , ene
mies. To such piTtoaalities wo
wish to pay no attentiou, and have
paid none. In advocating so great
and good a cause as ours we wish to
use reason , not peiowl aue 'r we
wish to appeal t the judgment,
god common sense and just impul
ses of mankind, not to their person
al prejudices and passions. Person
alities prove nothing except it be tho
weakness of the cause thev aro cm-
ployed to advo-nt. We prf;r to
have nothing to do with such weak
and brainless argument,'
Elevate the Nation.
It is related of the truly great and
lamented Agasths that not long be
fore his untimely death, for which
tho world ie still mourning, a friend
of hii, Professor Pierre, then on hit
way to Washington, playfully aalce4'
him what he should tell Congress
for him . ' 'Tell them ," said Agassis;
'it is their duty to do something to
elornte the irnti.m." Pntroria &
friends, the hopo lias been long lout
throughout the Union that either
Congress or our State Legislatures,
constituted as tbey have been for
year, will cverelo anything to ele-
v.ite the nation. Ifat tho Patrons of
Husbandry, the sons of the soil, anf
their friends throughout the length
and breadth of our land, cherish the
hope that by a strict maintenance of
our principles as publicly declared,
first among ourselves and then,
among all our people, we shall final- '
ly and at no dihtnnt day, by properly
j influencing nil political parties
have a Congress, and Legislatures
i and Executives, and a Judicary that'
jj ,nitv of fhJ nation. With a view
, to th;M Uc WJ carnesty desire
j hejiH v t.0.0.)emtions of ftU ff0oJ cit.
U,V(.i)d miehtion. our neonle.with-
j out rogard to party distinctions, are
; tired of the state of things brought
about by dishonest governments for
the benefit of a favored few. They
are tired of bribery and unfairness,
of special franchises unlawfully ob
tained, of vested rights which re
tard the car of progress and truth
They want a change in these thing
aud in tho corruption they have
wrought. They want a change for
t. Wr.r.rind mark mv vord.soon.
. . . - . , ,
r or mwr, vuey win urtq 11.
Mav the influence of the1
injure no solid interest, X&fc ttitt'
class of our citizens;? bnt may it
eventually by its peaceful progress
produce better farms, better crops,
better people, cheaper money, fairer
profits, a purer political atmosphere
and better statesmen, not only on
! the Pacific slope, but in every hook
and corner of our laud.
Hay is 13 a ton at Albany.
Wheat is quoted in the Salem pa
per at 70 cents a bushel.
Linn county pays $28,000 Stato tax
Thos. (i errand, through h coun
sel, has obtained leave to file a mo
tion in the Supreme court for a re
heariug. The warehouses between Harris
burg and Cor Tallin are pretty well
cleaned of wheat.
Navigation closed on the Upper
Willamette. ThoFnnuy Fatton and
Beaver are laid up at Salem,
Yamnill county has paid her State
tax amounting to $11,346 30.
The taxable property in Yamhill
county is valued at $1,911,157 and
the tax for county, Stato and school
purposes is 21 mills on the dollar
There was $83 j poll-tax collected
in the county.
The Stato Printer announces that
he will have the ncv State laws in
lxok form aud ready for distribution
about three weeks from this time.
f H E TEB JilTOR lisT"
Snow at Alta, Utah, was four fees
deep on the 8th inst.
The snow was fifteen inches deep r
at Walla Walla on the 9ib inst.
The ice is so thick in the Bay a .
Olympia that the boats cannot run
Three Bail roads are now being-
built in Utah, aud a fourth is being:
surveyed. Moro activity is displayed1,
there in railroad building than in any
other portion of the Union! !
can't say as ho went to heav
en," remarked a Fort Scott citizen
of a deceased townsman, "but be
paid a bill of eleven years' standing
only the day before ho died.and tou.
run judge for jonrs'df."