s i ft T, 5 Ml I WWW 7 it J '"' -o VOL. II. HILLSBORO, "WASHINGTON - COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 25, 1874. NO. 39. ,yWillll III '.aWla9MllBi'Wi'll'll'iJ?' THE INDEPENDENT. PimUSHKO AT Sillsboro Oregon Editor and iririctor. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: f)no y ar, ...... Si m iith. Three months,. . Single ooyies, . . , .$2 50 . 1 50 . 1 00 . 10 HATES OF ADVERTISING: TIMK 1 SQ. 2 SQ. 1 WSKK.- 1 iW 2 ,o 2 wkeiw. 2 oo, ,2 ro i month. 2 rr 3 oo eol ' a 50 4 50 5 00 lcol 10 00 15 00 20 00 30 00 50 00 DO 00 a oo S 50 12 00 3 JIOH. R MOS. 1 TKAR. 4 50 r 00 0 00 20 fM) 16 00 30 00 r oo ; 10 oo 10 00 15 00 30 00 50 00 Obituary notice, 10 cents per line. Loc v t, Noxicks,20 cents per line for the first insertion, and lOeentsa line for each Subsequent insertion. No notice less than $!iH).M ; , Summons, SherifTs Sales, and all other leal mitices. $1 50 per square, 1st inser - tion; each additional insertion, 75 cents. Transient adwrtisemrnts, $2 00 lst in sertion; eaeli additional insertion, 1 00. AGENT AT PORTLAND, OZ.TGOX L. Samuels. AGENT AT SAN FRANCISCO E.P.Fish r.'t, roons20 k 21,Mercliixnt'sExelumge California street. AGENTS AT NEW YORK CITY-S. M. r KTTKNr.ii.T. kV Co., 37 Park Row, cor. IVeUnvm st.--(EO. P. Rowei.l t Co., 11 Park Row. AGENTS AT ST. EOUIS RowKT.i.tf ' Ch :siiak. Cor. Third and Chestnut St. TO C?:::ESPONDENTS. All communi cations intended for insertion in The 1 if"PKNiKNT must be authenticated by t'n name and ad.lress of the writer n i nneessarily for publication, but as a guaranty of good faith. OFFICE -In Hillsboro in the old Court - Hoiue' building on the Public Square. llU)FKSSIOXAir "C -VRDSV- jon:; vrrn, m. d., Physicinn and Surgeon- ; TULLsceito, - - onvxs y. i&$JUii7ilel,a--n- n-rn f UZFOMIl- V"; u rii::o.ic ru'KUs. OFFICE T.Iain street HillsWc, Oregon. F. A. AIIKY,M. S- Ih- s'dan, rJargeon "nd Accoucheur. HIIXS30RO. - - - - - OREGON. OFFICE nt the Drug Store. JiKSIDEXCE Threo P.loclis South of nl:vl Dru Store. H'lSOX BOWLBY, 3F.J). PIiT.iian a:r.l Surgeon, Fo::nsT GiiovE, .... ciie(;on. OFFICE--At his llesidence, West of Johnson's Planing Mills. n ta : ly W. II. SAYLOll, 31. D Physician and Surgeon. FOREST GROVE. - - - - OREGON Ot'TICE At ihe Drue: Store. TOCSIDEXOE Corner Second Block south of the Drug Store. m22:ly 0O II. DCKHAM, H. Y. TnoMrso5. Dldrtci Attorney ; TJarham & Thompson, Jl T T 0 R X liYS-AT-L A W , .No. 10J) First Street, PORTLAND, ------ OEEGON. C. A. BAXj t..' EALKTon KT0TT. BAL.L, & STOTT, A' rTOKNEYS-AT- LA W, No. G Dekum's Block, PORTLAND, OREGON. THOMAS H. TONGUE. Attorney -at-Law, llilisWo, Washlug'ton Connty, Oregon. O IX CATI.IX. B. KI1XIN Catlin & Killin, ATTOJIXEYS axd COUXSELOB AT LAW. Dekum's Building, First Street, f PORTLAND, OREGON. JAMES W1THYCOME, VETElfjNAJlX I s'vn a EO X, HILLSBORO, - - . OREGON. TF Will be nt the Oregon Livery stables, Corner of Morrison and Fitbt Streets, Portland, every Fri4Ay. . LEGAL ADVERTISEMENTS. Executor' Police. "JTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT JJil the undersigned has filed his ttnal ac count ns Executor of the last will and testa ment of H. U. Bonos, Dec'd in the County Court of tie State of Oregon for "Washing ton County, and that THURSDAY after the first Monday in January, A. D. 1S75, at 10 o'clock a. in. hrecn set for th final hear in of said matter. n37:w4 . S. A. JIOLCOMiT. Notice of Administrator. THE UNDERSIGNED HAVING EEEN appointed by the County Court of the St.ite of Oregon for Washington county Ad ministrator of the estate of G. M. Raymond deceased, all persons having claims against said estate are hereby notified "to present them to the undersigned at the of fice of Thos. H. Tongue in IIillsloro,"ash ington county, Oregon, with the proper vouchers within six months from the date hereof. . THOMAS W. SAINE. Hillsboro, Dec, 3d, l!S7i. n37;vl Notice of Final Sell lemon . NOTICE IS HEREI5Y GIVEN THAT I have filed in the County Court of the State of Oregon for Washington County my final settlement account ir; administrator of the estate of T. G. Nayloi, deceased. All persons interested fn said estate are 1m rtbv notified that Thursday, the 7th dav of Jan- ; na,yf A p. ix", nasbeen appointed by said I court for the liual heiring an l Setth'ment of said estate. JOHN E. GLEASON, J t Administrator. n37;wf. Notice of Final ScUIemcnt. f&JOTICEIS HKIJEIIY GIVEN THAT Xl the nndersi''iu (l has lih-d in the Coiin- ty Conrt of th- State of Oregon f.-r Wash- lXlin- iitgton County, his final ac count as Admin- ;.......... tt . ii' ,v d': AU sons SSJ WSi 1 estate are hereby notified that Thursday Jannary 7th, 1-S7.", has been appointed by said Court, for the laud sttlement of said thtate. n37:-vt JOSEPH DAVIS, Adminiftirator. Mr. Farmer, (irantr, au I vv i'.vj tt o the living itjMOH n i:f:t()i(i: Ovi r tlu'good 'news v. , t e , body is anxious to ! . V. . . .,( come right to llifl-! .... ,. . new store, Kelii.:-' ,-i .... . . . goods that are so-l j - mahe any body .'. '" . 't - (" ,.( , .. ...I. i a", i . careiuuy seiecieu itfi o-. . n Casli) tid for idv. Wo.ii. 1', .- . .kind of produce. KAHN & f i:Eli-Ni:Cff tuos. 1 1 ux rait MVS. XOTAIiY ri'llLlC l VOXVEYAM'Ei: LEGAL pajers drawn nad collections made. Dusiness entrusted to his Ciire at tended t pn mvtly. OFFICENew Court 1U r.r. V I n "w. ,d. I. . ; 1 - c .. '.. t day evening, ai . HiIIslxro. BreOiren in goo.l st in ' r.ttend. I5y order 3 -tf. X. C Jo33JQ. Ccopor, ') E X TIS T . I X 1) J E WE L E 11 SOLICITS THE PATRONAGE OF THE .-C-roTt. Wi k WY-. . i , ;'. 0-l:ee i Walnut and Piue Siteel-. i !.lv FOREST GROVE LODGE, No. 1S6, ; ay ) s i . r I t. i. v : vf-1 A" ! - I i BOOTisHoiiouk GEO. A. PEASE, PKOmiETOE The Largest Stock on the Coast, S. W. Comer of First and Morrison streets PORTLAND OREGON. n!2 ly Smith, Kane & Co TTarticular attention given to house-build J7: inland frarniuj'. OIHWT GROVE OREGON. Wm AlcC READY FOREST GROVE OREGON". MANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN all kinds of 33: -A. xx 3nt m & s, SADDLES. IRIDIES, WHIIS & Lash L . RepamuKproniptly attended to. nl3;2 For the Independent.! A PllA YER. Oh Thou, who once in Galilee Didst walk alone the troubled sea. Redeemer, Saviour, Son of God! "Who once with garments dyed in blood. Didst bring redemption to our race To all the gift of saving grace; I ask, for one, the gift divine. To say Eternal Life is mine. 0 Soul Elect! to Jesus given, 1 claim for Thee thy native Heaven, And Paradi-e to Thee restored Through Jesus Christ our sovereign Lord. The flame Divine shall sin ilestroy And good remain thy endless joy: lieyond the flood, beyond the river, TJ-y good thall be our light forever. STATEMENT OF COUNTY SCHOOL SUPERINTENDENT D. M. C. GAULT. Herewith is presented a .statement of the amount of monev which has been distributed anion"; the districts from tho Co. Treasury. The first figures in each clause means the Xo. of the District, the next the No. of pupils reported March 1st, 1874, the next the amount of coin apportioned ; own protection This is the con at the March axportionment, then j sideration this it has been prom- the amount in currency, follow in j that in like order the coin and cur rency distribution of September, and finally the sum of the two District XT -I 1 . o .Mir .U A' P"I"i ",:"" I en- ? cv (St, September coin (58. CUlieil-', i i 00 Total coin $183 CO, cm - rency$i:i n();'J,110,187,ll, 110,11,297 22; 3,52,70,31,3 10, 31,310,83 70,0.- 20; 4,3.", 70, 111), 7 00, 70, 7 00, ISO, 11; r, 4:$, 7:i 10, 4 30, 43, 4 30, 110 H H 00 ;0. 83,141 10,8 30,83,8 30 i 221.10, i( 0(l;i,148, 2;, 11 oli, lis, j 14 8 ),3,.).),2.));8,21,42 50,')0,2 VJ,2.- ."50,07 r0, 5, (50;!). 70,110, 7 00,70,7.- j 00, 180, 14; 10, 82, 130 40, 8 20, 82, 8 20, 221 40, 10 40; 11, .)(. 01 20, 300,30,3 00, 07 20, 7 2); 12,03,1 07 - more convenient or just that proper 10,030,03, (5 30,170 10,12 00: 13, 70, ty holders should support a school 110.00, 7 00,70,7 00,180 00,14 00:14, j for their education and they refuse 38, 47 00, 2 80, 28, 2 80, 7" C0,5 00, j to enter it? If compulsion is to be 1.1,2 57.420 70,25 10, 251,25 10 the moving principle, lef it, like a 077 10,50 2O;10,43,73 10,4 30,43,430 j two-edged sword cut both ways. 110 10, 8 GO; 17, 42, 71 40. 4 20, 42. At present the publicmoney is ap 4 20, 113 40, 8 20; 18, 04, 1( 8 80,0.- portioned upon the number of child- 40, (54, 0 40, 172 80, 12 80; 10, 40, 78 20, 4 00, 40,4 00, 124 20, 9 20;20, 35, 50 50, 3 50, 35., 3 50, 04 50, 7 00; I 2!, 51, 80 70, 5 10, 51, 5 10, 137 70 i 10 20; 22, 22, 47 00, 2 80, 28, 2 80, 75 00, 5 00; 23, 02, 105 40, G 20, 02, 0 20, 107 40, 12 40; 2G, 07," 113 00, (5 70,07,q70,180 00,13 40;27,30,00 30, 3 00, 30, 3 00, 105 30, 7 80; 28, 30, (50 3 ), 3 00, 30, 3 00, 105 30, 7 80;20, 37, (52 00, 3 70, 37, 3 70, 00 00, 7 14; : 30, 03, 107 10, G 30, 03, 0 30,170 10, 12 00; 31, 31, 52 70, 3 10, 31, 3 10, 83 70, 0 20; 32, 20, 44 20, 2 CO, 20, 2 00. 70 20, 5 20: 35, 17, 28 00,1 70, 1 70,17, 1 70, 45 00, 3 40;30, 34, 57. 80, 3 40, 34, 3 40, 01, 80, G 80; 40, 2S, 47 00, 2 80, 28, 2 80, 75,G0,5 00; 41, 30, 00 30, 3 90, 30, 3 90, 105 30, 7 80; 42, 22, 37 40, 2 20, 22, 2 20, () 40, 4 40; 43, 10, 32 30, 1 90, 10, 1 00,51 30, 3 80; 44, 27, 45 90, 2 70, 27, 2 70, 72 90, 5 40; 45, 29, 49 30, 2 00, 20, 2 00, 78 30, 5 80; 40, 13, 22 10, I 30, 13, 1 30, 35 10, 2 00. Total $3,531 30, $207 90, $2,079, 1207 , 915 013 $415 80. The attention of school Board's is called tothe section of the school law imposing a penalty upon those districts failing to adopt and use tli3 uniform series of school books.There must be a full and complete compli ance with the requirements of the law. A resolution of the Board of Directors adopting the books i not sufficient. The books must be used and no others. D. M. C. Gault. The WolkTWnlla Spirit of Dec 11th savs: "As we write everything wears more the aspect of spring j tivel waJltin who are uUerly in than expiring autumn or dreary win- . . " . , .i ter. The grass is growing greon, I lfferent to the education of their with favorable weather for putting own children, or of those under their in crops. If any farmer is discon- care. - tented with his lot let him contrast j There is no power in our school his condition with the farmers of oth- , - . nt , i ii ii , , laws to require the attendance oia or localities and other lands, and i . , ..A, . , we venture tno opinion that ne would not exchange with any." A wag srtys, that in journeying lately, he was put into an omnibus with a dozen persons of whom he did not know a single one. Turn ing a corner shortly after however the omnibus was upset. "And then," said he, "I found them all COMPULSORY EDUCATION. i . . , Twelve States have adopted com pulsory attendance as a remedy for ignorance. Why have they adopted it? In establishing free schools they toolc the position that the property of the State should educate the child ren of the State. They As serted that universal education wwuld enrich tho , State and crime and poverty- would diminish or en tirely disappear. Tjuie tax payers admitted that the education of all tho children of the State would be of incalculable advantage. And that all should be educated was tho onlv valid consideration they received in exchange for their property. Now admitting that such a consid eration is va-id and sufficient, are not the authorities of the State, the legislature and the wlnde education al department, morally bound to see that the promise of a consideration be made good? If property pays to educate the people, it expects the education that it gives to become its ; ised. Is it sufficient tr say all may bo educated that wish to be? Does no! the consideration fail unless all are ..4.1 H ...1 . 4- 1 1, tnucui-u ui uji.it:i nuia ioo. l Lienor just to tax large properly i holders, who have no childaen to send to school, on the plea of the j desirability of universal education, when the very children for whom the burden is borne are running the j streets a public nuisance, it may be inconvenient for some peisons to j dispense with the services of their j children, hut should they not sub- mit for the good of the State? Is it re n residing in the district; would it not be better to apportion it upon ihe number altei-ding school? Would not such a law awahen the interest of the whole community i i the regular attendance of children in the school? Would not negligent parents be compelled to feel that thev are observed, and that thev can not sin in this matter with impuni ty? AVould not a public sentiment be created which would be felt with great force, in favor of a full and constant attendance at public schools? Would it not relieve the difficulties that arise when pupils find it convenient to attend schoo away from home? AVould it do away altogether with the question of res idence? Would it notbe an encour agement to districts to have good and large school houses, and to sus tain good and efficient schools, be cause large schools arc cheaper than small ones? If a teacher earns one dollar for hearing three classes of eight pupils each, docs not the reci tation of each pupil cost over four cents? If he had three classes' of fifteen pupils each, is not each pupil instructed for a little more than two cents? This shows that a school of one hundred pupils is cheaper than one cf forty at naif the money, pro vided tho payment is made accord ing to the work done. Something ought to done in this matter for the benefit of Oregon. There are nnuy of the citizens whoso education is very limited, if not en- "o-"v A.xw... . 6ent as tho parents or guardians may choose. The claim is made and ; in sisted upon, that it is a matter that concerns no ono but the parents themselves whethei their children are educated or not. But if the Uni ted States is not corcerned, why does it give land to create school funds? If the State and the neigh borhood are not concerned, why do they levy taxes for the education of these children? Individual rights cannot conflict with public rights, for the right of the individual ceases when its enjoyment is inconsistent with the public welfare, and more especially if the power and efficiency of the government are endanged thereby. Let ua then agree with the resolution of the old Pilgrims, 1G42, twenty-two years after they landed at PI vmouth rock: "For as the good education of children is of singular behoof and benefit to any commonwealth; and whereas, man' parents and masters nre too indul gent and negligent of their duty in this kind, it is, therefore, ordered bv this court and tho authoritv thcreot, that the fcelectmen of evciy town shall have a vigilant eve to sec that none shall suffer so much bar barism in their families, as not to have them taught perfectly to read the English tongue, and to have some useful knowledge of tho capi tal laws upon pain of twenty bhil lings for each neglect ' therein. '' Aiorinn. , Nctable Women. Mrs. Slanton is a handsome wo man. Miss Anthony and Miss Liv erinore are both plain. Maria and Jane Porter were women of high brows and irregular featiws, as was also Miss Sedgewick. Ann Dick inson has a strong masculiuo face: Kate Field has a good-looking face face, though by no means a pretty one; and Mrs. Stowe is thought to be positively homely. Alice and Pho'bo Cary were both plain in fea tures, though their sweetness in dis position added gicatly to their per sonal appearance. Margaret Fuller had a splendid head, but her fea tures were irregular, and she was anything but handsome, though sometimes in a glow of conversation she appeared almost radiant. Char lotte Bronte has wondrcusly beau tiful dark brown eyes and perfectly shaped head. She was small to di Miiiutiveiiess, and was as simple in he manner as a child. Julia Ward Howe is a fine-looking woman, wearing an aspect of grace and re finement, and great force of charac ter in her face and carriage. Laura Holloway resembles CharlotteBronte both in personal appearance an I hi the sad experience of her young life. Neither Mary Booth norMarian Har lan can lav claim to handsome faces, though ihey are splendid specimens of cultured women, while MaryCleni mer Ames is just a pleasing in fea tures as her writings are graceful and popular. Ers The Great Market for Wheat. The British Board of Trade re turns show that the imports of Wheat and Flour into tho United Kingdom for the nine months end ing on the 1st ofOctober were equiv alent to 01,000,000 bushels Wheat, or 2,000,000 bushels in excess of the same time last year. Tho two chief sources of supply aro Russia and the United States. Tho quanti ty imported from tho United States is 31,518,000 bushels, an increase of 1G,000,000 bushels over the previous year; while tho quantity drawn from Russia is 12,198,000 bus' els, a decrease of 5,015,000 bushels as compared with the same time last year. Tho growing importance of the United States as a source of food supply for the millions in Europe is very gratifying, though Wheat this year is unfortunately tho least profit able cereal produced. The New York Election. The of ficial election returns from tho entire State are complete, and tho results of the vote cast are shown to bo as follows: Dix. 30G,030; Tilden, 410,- 567; Clarke. 11,077. The vote in 1872 was: Dix, 447,801; Kernan, 39,3e0. Totals 1872, 810,151; 1874, 793,074. Decrease, 40,477. Tilden's majority, 39,400; plurality, 50,537f The decrease in the Repub lican vote from 1872 is 81.771; in crease of Democratic vote 24,217. New Mines in Southern Orefjon Mam ." moth Ledge. Rock Point. December 15. J. It. Calvig and James Birdseyo havo just arrived from tho new quartz mines, some fifty miles below this place, and report things lively. Tho road is lined with men and pack trains, going to tho land of gold and silver. Tho great mammoth ledgo is about 180 feet in width, and at tho point where Rogue River has worn its way through has a depth of 5C0 feet.' About 200 claims aro now taken. It has bsen traced for about twenty miles through a very rough country. Guides get from $10 to$20 per day to trace the lead. Calvig says he crushed a few pounds of tho oro and it averaged ten cents per pound in gold. A town has sprung up iu a few weeks. It is to bo known as Mam mouth City. Hotels, feed stables, shops and other buildings aro being built, and all that is need ed now is capital to take hold. OREGON. Oregon' three Bens Holladay, Simpson and Underwood will win ter iu Washington City. A letter from Kirbyville, Joso pliino county, dated Dec 10th, says: "We have had fine weather hero during tho fall and so far during tho winter. Rain enough and no snow in the valleys." The Grangers have purchased a lot of land on the river bank at Sa lem, and a stock coxpany will be at once orgauized, who will at an early day .coiumejico tho election of a mammoth grain warehouse on tho premises. It is certainly adesirablo location, being contiguous to the water's edge and of sufficient propor tions o accommodate an immenso structure. The prico paid was $1, 300. John Tupper, of Jacksonville sold to Wm. By bee 70 fine hogs, which averaged 203 pounds apiece. Three of these animals weighed 1,310 pound i, an aver ago weight of con siderably over 400 pounds per hog. An incorporated company, with $15,000 cipital stock, has been or g .nied in Oregon City for the man ufacture of sash, doors, blinds, furni ture, etc. Tho corporators aie H. W. Ross, E. J. Colbath. S. B.Hatch aud-W. W. Morelaud. A man pounded out $20 in gold in ono day, using a baud mortar, from ore taken from a ledgo near Sterling Josephino county, a few days ago. An experienced quartz man offered to bet that half a ton of tho rock hen on tho dump would yield $1, 000 or more. VARIETIES. t Don't tell an editor how to run a newspaper. Let tho poor fellow find it out himself. Josh Billings says: "There is two things in this lifo for which wo aro never prepared, and that is twins." One of tho the old settlers of tho Isles of Shoals seeing tho name of r!che on tho hull of a 3acht tho other day, spelled it out slowly, and thou exclaimed: "Well, if that aiu'fc tho durndest way to spell fish." "What," asks ono of tho femalo sulTrago shriekors, "aro we to do with our daughters? If they aro very young, d i own tliera. If they aro too old to diown, why but that is an impossibility. Courier-Journal. "I would not bo n woman, for then I could not lovo her,' says Montaigne. Lady Montaguo says: "The only objection I havo to being a man is that I should then have to marry a woman." A man up in Hawley, Massachus etts, (that's a great towa for good people), once prayed in a time liko the present: "O Lord, wo wouldn't prefcurae to dictate to dictate; but O Lord, we waat ra'n. Not a Jicke ty, teat i a' shower, but gentle sizzle- , sozzlc." Subscribe for the Independent.