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About Washington independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 1874-18?? | View Entire Issue (Nov. 6, 1874)
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HILLSBORO, WASHINGTON COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1874.
Editor anU IVaprtelor,
'I ERHS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
Ona jar, ....
Single copies, .
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
$2 Ot for the first insertion ami 1 00 for
ach subsequent insertion A liberal reduc
tion in the above rates will be made to reg
ular at vertisers.
IiOOcNoTiCES,20 cents per line for the
first insertion, and lOcentsa lino for each
tubs inent insertion. No notice less than
A liberal reduction will be miwlo on regu
AGENT AT TORTLAND, OKEGON L.
AGENT AT SAN FRANCISCO L. P.Flstt
itft, rooms 20 & 21, Merchant's Exchange
AG JTNTS AT NEW YORK CITY-S. M.
I KTTENOIIX& Co., 37 Park Row, cor.
llaekman st.-GEO. 1. Roweij. & Co.,
41 Park Bow. -
TO CORRESPONDENTS. All communi
cations intended for insertion- in The
1 hdependent must be authenticated by
the name and address of the writer
not necessarily for publication, but as a
qnaranty of pood faith.
OFFICE In Hillsboro in tho old Court -
House building on the Public Square.
P. A. BAII-EY, M. 1-
Phvsickxn, Surgeon and "Accoucheur.
HIILSBORO. - ' ' ()EG0N.
OFFICE at "the Drni? Store.
UF.SIDENCE Tliree; Jiloi-ks South of
Dm Store. "IT
VI L.SOX no V L I J Y, 31. J.
Physician and Surgeon,
FOKEST CIR0VE, - - - - CKEWO.V.
OFFICE--At hi Residence, West (4
Johnson's Planiu- Mill.. nl'J:Ly
W. II. SAYl.OIl, M.
Physicikn and Surgeon.
F0H vST GROVE, - - - - OREGOU
Ol-TICE At the Dru Ston.
RESIDENCE Corner Secoud Block south
of the Dras Store. nr22:ly
Gzc II. Dean am,
II. Y. TiioMrsos.
Durham & Thompson;
ATT on X E Y S-A T-L
No. 109 First Street,
ALFRED KINNEY, M. D.,
TX PL 3r HI O ECT-
OFFICE IN DEKITM'S BUILDING,
T N. W. corner of First and "Washing
ton Stret, Portland, Oregon. n37 ly
c. . Bill..
BALL & STOTT,
No. 6 Dekum's Block,
"THE WHITE HOUSE."
nas the largest assortment of First Class
Dry Goods, Millinery, Fancy Goods,
In Portland. No. 87 First Street,
. : LEWIS A STRAUS.
LARGEST JEWELRi' STORE IN
Dealer In Watches, Diamonds. Jewtlrj and
Silverware. . No. 103 Front Street.
for the Ccl
Howard Watch Co. and Chas. E. Jacot
Watches. Seth Thomas Clocks. -
"Watches and Jewelry repaired and
All orders sent by Express promptly attended-to..
Goods sold at one price only.
No plated Jewelry of any description sold
at this Establishment.
SOLl ON A NEW To50
EXTRA ATTACHMENTS for
Manufacture commenced in ltil'3
Mr. A.J.Dtrt Ji, State Atrent
for 1. of II. .has made special
arrangements to supplj' mem
bers with thr.se machines.
"The Home Machine Co' tho
only one th:it refused to join
the sewing machine rin.
Friers o I all kind of Sewincj
MachineNeudleM rednced t CO
cents per dozen. Price last.
Circulars.and full particulars
sent to any address on applica
tion. GEO. W. TRAVER,
HomeS. M..S. W. ccr. Morr
hoii .4 d pt;-. l'oitland, Or.
-tJ TWO FIRST PRF3III :?is
PORTLAND rstctto ZFza,3eiK73
Lar'i f t Inufaetory north
of San Francisco.
CAA MJ , full assortment of Su;arToys,
"or the Holidays.
Manufactory alisky X- hf.cele.
No. 107. Fin t sirt t t.
Lihle fresh violets,
Born in the wild wood,
Shy as the antelope
Brown as a berry
Free as the mountain air,
Romping and merry.
Blue hair and hazel eyes
Peep from the hedges,
Shaded by snnbonntts,
Frayed at the edges J
Up in the apple trees,
Heedless of danger, -Jlanhood
Stares at the stranger
Out in the hilly patch,
Seeking the lorries
Under the orchard trees,
Feasting on cherries;
Trampling the blossoms,
Down 'mong the grasse3.
No voice to hinder them,
Dear lads and lasses.
No grim propriety
Free as the birdlings
"From the city restriction!
Coining the purest blood,
Srrength'ning each mnsclo,
Donning health armor
"Gainst life's coming bustle.
Dear little innocents!
Born in the wild wood;
Oh, that all little ones
Had such a childhood!
God's blue spread over them,
God's garden beneath them;
No sweeter heritage
Con'd we bequeath litem!
A PECK FROM THE EAGLE.
WELL ASSORTED For. ign
nnr; Domestic Iru's,('l:iui nlr.
and Medicines, nt the S'ew
Drn t: Store of
m il l i a m rrrxD Kir.
Corner First nd Oak st.lN-rt-
land. Ordi.rs from the country
attended to with care nnd li
p itch. O. Box No. 21S.
THOMAS H. TONGUE.
At torney - a t - 1 a w ,
HiHiboro, Washington County, Oregon.
Cat 1 ill ib Killin,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELOR
Dekum's Building, First Street,
P(JSlNrESS CARDS, & LODGES.
0TARY PUBLIC AND COLLECTOR.
R EGAL TArERS DRAWN. ACK-
Jk nowledgements taktn. Will attend
fromptly to all business entrusted to his
c T. nlO ly
tf&NTIST AND JEW EL Eli
40LICITS THE TATRONAGE OF THE
3rove. Work warranted. Ofiice cor
Walnut and Pine Streets. n39.1y
J.K.WLL & CO.,
., I irvt SJreei.
School Books, Blank Books,
Miscellaneous Hooks. anl a
t ' ST ATIONKK Y
AT LOWEST RATES.
It is not nccosfi.iry to LclieVc that
wc arc tlie people, nml that wisdom
willtlio with us. Neither is it nec
essary to assume that tho monarch
ies of Europe arc actually cflete, anl
that her institutions have bred only
decay in all tho departments of hu
man life. America and Europe, let
us sajrelv ndmit. kue each
DrJJ. B- PILEIN3T0N, !
Hroftssor ffDi?r uvk oith eye
.indE.iv iuMedicalDcpartim lit (
Lnivesity of the iliamete.
Olhce. Cor. First andVt ash-
in'ton sts.Mnkes a sp-ciidf y of
of Diseases of theEye Ear, Nose
tnI riin:it,(.ross-'3-es straight
cued. Artificial even inserted.
Spectales prescribed for inipcr-
snwL; m c:ihm:s
i Usetho Straight Neel!e.
and will doeitnerLudit orHea
vyWork without chanir or ad
justment, lein an Improve
ment over all lliyu.l'nccdMa
chiues. Bny no Machine "until you
have cxaiiiineilthe WILSON
The price is 10 to 20 less
then others. eHlls for nil
Machines fllKAi. Send for
Circular and I 'rice List.
A VAIL, Gcn l Ag't,
119 Third St. Portland Or,
Manufactuerer and Dealer in
n ' Cutlery
Surgical . Jtiital Instrument
No. 131 FIRST STREET
J. A .STUOWBIUDGE
Direct importer and de.-dtr in
Leather & Shoe Findings,
No. 141 FRONT STREET.
f JOHN A. BECK,
Watchmaker Formerly with W.Beck & Son.
No. 105 Front Street,
and Special attention given to Re-
I paring Watches Clocks and
Jewelry. Orders Ly Mail or ex
press promptly attended to.
A- F. SMITH & Co.
;Importera and general dealers
in OKOAAS A: 1'IAMJ.n.
General Agents for tha Es
tt Organ and Aio Piano
jW'arerooTOS 105 ront stree
HARDWARE, IRON, STEEL.
Hubs.. Bookes,.: Rim- 0k. Ash
NORTnRUP & THOJrSON.
. - -. - - - "Oregori.
Wholesale and Retail Healers in Doors,Sash
and Blinds, also German, French
Crystal sheet. Enameled. Stained and Cnt
Glass, Glazing done to order at An Fain
Cisco pnees.and satisfaction guaranteed.
56 Front street Portland - - - Oregon
peculiaitics, which arc in their way
admirable. Doubtless, too, Asia
and Africa are not wholly wrong
ami irrational, in many custom1
At Inch we should be slow to adopt.
Hut while it is unreasonable and
childish to dociy manners simply
I because tliov are foreign, it is cer-
inly not reasonable and manly to
t them for the same reason. As
between tho two it seems rather
more respectable to grumble against
everything un-English, as the En
glish are said to do, than it is to be
ready to drop your own ways and
run after those of other countries,
on the assumption that they are
more refined and desirable, and that
to do as the Europeans do, and not
after the manner of Americans, is to
be cosmopolatin and cultured.
For instance, in. Europe, social
.... . ....
life is more circumscribed in cer
tain respects than in America. On
tho Continent, cmidren ana young
girls, and even young ladies are not
accustomed to gd .into the streets
without a nurso or other- attendant.
In England there is less restriction;
yet even there the Maggie Greys are
brought to account for having driv
en alone with the Mr. Trafforda to
thelJain de Boulogne, and only won
der what would be said if it :' were
known that they received calls from
these gentlemen when tho Mrs. Bcr
rys aro out. No one disputes the
propriety of these customs in the
countries where they originate It
is doubtless not within reason that
girls aro protected abroad. The
reason unhappily is that men are so
bad that such protection is needed
against them. It is matter of evi
dence that American girls thought
lessly and innocently following, in
Paris, American customs, nre misun
derstood and insulted. That is a
reason why they should do in Home
as the Komans do, bat not
why they should bring Roman ways
to Boston. It is the glory of Ameri
ca that her men hold her women in
honor. As a fact of the most com
monplace character, young girls can
walk down Beacon Street andBroad
way and Pennsylvania Avenue from
morning till night, not only without
insult, but without attracting any
special attention. Little girls can
play in the parks without nurso or
without danger, except such danger
as comes anywhere from crowded
streets or reckless'drivers;that is, if
I may say o, without nloral danger.
Why, then, should we assume a
weakness and wickedness which we
do not possess? Since our ways of
life has givenjus a society in which
jroung ladies do drive with ycung
gentlemen, and do receive
calls from young gentlemen,
without in tho least degree de
tracting from either their dignity or
their delicacy, why should wo riot
continue to build ourselves with
strength in that dirocl'onrathcr than
put up barriers of weakness after the
Continental fashion? I think the
best men and tho best women of
this country are not only as strong,
but as fine and noble, as tho best
Europeans. I th'nk tho rank and
file compare very favorably with tho
rank and file of any country. It is
thereforeextremely painful to see
our people of culture and travel do
ing any thing that looks toward dis
tr'atuing or deteriorating tho inward
self-respect and self-control, and
quiet, unspoken, but universal faith
in those qualities, which is, perhaps,
the distinquishing feature oJ our so
ciety, and substituting for it out-
ward -guards. I like to see little
children playing by theaiselvcs
whenever it is safe, and not simply
where it is fashionable, to play by
themselves, When I see a tall boy
led around by a nurse I do not feel,
"Hero is a young gentleman careful
ly educated,' but "Here is a molly
coddle." Tho nativo American
young gentleman is doubtless At this
moment shinning up an apple-tree,
or sliding arid striding down tfie
rongh stone balustvalo of the front
door-step to the great detriment of
of tho knee-breeches which he
has not yet outgrown;
but he is not more
likely to grow up into a petit ma it ret
than tho niueh-benurscd young gen
tleman, and tho chances pro alo
tliat ho v. ill havo ouic occupation
beyond boxing, billiards, and riding
to hound??. "When a -oung girl is
guarded against dangers which do
not exist ihe chances are not that she
will bo moro delicate and exquisite
thereby, but that she will bo more
affected and unreal. If vo rtdopt for
eign customs in prefercneo to our
own, let' us do it lecaiiHO they aie
convenient, effective, or otherwise
desirable, not because they are for
eign. When Ralph tho lleir is putting
force upon himself to marry Polly
Neefit, his breeches-maker's daugh
ter, ho wonders within himself
whether, after they are married; ho
shall ever be able to maiko her call
her father "papa." Now in En-
gland the truo Shibboleth of high
breeding may bo whether you give
your mother her proper natural his
tory classification asd mammalian
or whether you call her by tho ( an
cient name of mother; But in this
country it is not so, In many fami
lies and some communities of good
birth and breeding, papa and mamma
are common terms. Others1 of
equal claims to refinement know on
ly fathers and mothers. I confess
to a liking for tho more universal,
and perhaps homely, but certainly
poetical Saxon. It is nervous and
strong. Papa n.nd mamma suit well
tho infant lips that framo to pro
nounce them so quickly, andj from
which they come as fresh and sweet
as babbling brooks, but they always
seem like bubble.
women referring to their papas and
mammas remind one of bibs and
ankle-tie shoes. Yet doubtless this
is mere matter of habit, and people
selves, in a year or so of cosmopoli
tan sociefy or Continental travel, sud
denly transmuted into a papa and
mamma. And when this papafied
and mammalized family returns to
its'native community -a community
in which ever individual approach
ing adult ago does very nearly ev
erytbirg which is right in his own
eyes, and attain an average recti
tudo quito equal to that of the fami-
ly which is cribbed, cabined, and
confined by strict European laws
when tho grown-up daughters of
this family of American citizenship
and foreign travel suddenly dicover
ed the necessity of asking"mamma's
permission" every time they wish to
go down town to buy a yard of rib
bon or a sheet of music, tho situa
tion is not without humor in tho
eyes of tho quaint untraveled Yankee.
Wo have much to learn from En
glish scholars, and there aro points
of stylo inEnglish writers which wo
shall do well to observe; but must
wo cease to swing freo tho to of our
infinite mood at their bidding? ''I
will do as I iiko to," says tho Amer
ican, and tho Englishman laughs at
his inelegance. "I will do as I like
to do" unnecessarily cumbrous, and
"I will do as 1 like" answers every
purj ose. In this cascjwp will givo
in to our English wisman. But
suppose he says to the American, "I
ean not do thus and so." You will
havo to," replies tho Yankee, curtly.
In this case to say "You will havo"
is less nervous aul forceful than
"You will have to." If tho wholo
phrase is too inelegant for culti
vated use, we shall still not bo at
a less for cases in which tho mean
ing is essentially modified by the
riresenco or absence of "to," and in
which the addition of the wholo in
finite is clumsy and utmecessary.Tho
to of itse dif Jiti a:id di iii) the
preceding verb. , Since, there
fore, this uso of the word to makes
the sentence equally accurato and
more competent without tho im
plied verb, I do not see what are the
qualities which should should not
be rcrain'ed as a part of tho flexibil
ity aid adaptibility of the language.
When the English distinguish
between rfding (on horseback) and
driving (in a carriage) they niako a
convenient but not an immperative
distinction. Ordinal ily such a
classification saves words, and if it
stables' furnish, mostly the leaven
wit.h which ho may . leaven a much
greatei lump, tho basis' upon , . which
ho may construct a larger heap. Tho
art of comporting is but little un
derstood. A week or two ago, in
describing the action of nitrogen, wo
referred incidentally to tho value of
this art. At tho present wo itcaito
to impress strongly upon our readers
the propriety of putting the suggest
ions made in that article into imme
diate practice The general condi
tion of barnyards during tho busy
season of Summer is. a grievous
thing to behold. The manuer madd
in the Winter that is past lies bleach
ing in the sun. Tho Spring rains
have washed away most of its solu
bio and most valuablo portion. It
is yet as coarso and unrolled as
when tho snow melted from its sur
face. Tho few additions which hava
been niado to it are dry and fresh as
when put out. In this condition it
is useless as plant food. liecompb
f ition must take placo before organic
matter, or anything that has lived and
grown, can become a part of another
living and growing thing. If tho
manuro had been, or i4 even now,
gathered and piled into a compact
heap, it will rapidly ferment and do
composo. This fermentation and
decompositian disorganizes tho sub
stances of Which it is composed, rind
reduces to its original clemcuts, in
great part. Then its becomes lit
food for plants. But tho fermenta
tion induced by mosturo and heat
in organic matter rapidly spreads
through a mass from any central
point. A largo mass of sods, coarso
weeds, rakings of harvest fields, po
tato tops, swamp muck, animal offal ,
or such matters, is bi ought into act
ive fermentation by tho mixturo
through it of a small portion of
stable manure, bono dust, sweeping
of poultry -houses, limo in a caustic
state, or unbleached wood ashes. In
ii i i t
a monui sucu a maps, say ox a Hun
dred loads, may bo brought into
condition for uso upon Fall wheat,
i ; l l ii. ii. i..
aiuui ouiy uue-ieuvu ui it cunsisis
of stable manuro tho other nino
tcuths havo acquired uu almost
equal value. Whero stable manuro
is not to bo had, or bone-dut can
not bo afforded, but where tho other'
material arc at hand, a valuablo
fertilizer may bo otaincd from them
alono. Swamp muck, mixed with
one-twentieth it bulk of fresh lime,
bo only recommend jd to us,and not will be brought in four weeks of tho
enforced upon us, wo will adopt it. present warm weather to a fino con
But we will nol change our cars" dition for use, and ten to twenty
into carriages at the command of any loads per acre of such a compost up
minion of despotism. A car is on a field sown to wheat carlv in
- " m
snort, snarp, ana decisive, a car
riaac is capable of any amount of
misconstruction. Nor shall .wc low
er our stars and strbpeti to tho ban
ner of St. George, even if wo do
September will go far to replace an
equal amount of fair stablo manure.
If thero is an ample supply of stablo
manuro, the admixture of limo is not
advisable. It would set fro tho
choose to break our eggs into glass- amonia produced by tho fermenta-
es of purest porcelain and crystal tion as soon as formed, and unless
rather than follow tho examxlo of some absorbent were provided in
our British brother in scooping them in largo quantity it would escape in-
from their native shell I live la Jfc- to the air and bo lost. Tho better
publique! plan would be to sow tho limo after
tho manure had been spread an&
mixed with the soil. It shout I then
bo harrowed in with tho seed, or
left upon tho surfaco to bo dissolved
by the rain and carried into tho
MANAGEMENT OF MANURE.
At this season a farmer rarely
looks over his stock of manuro with
satisfaction. It is ono of those
things of which ho never has enough
and tho need for which crrows tho
more, the more he supplies the need.
as soon as ono wheat crop is safely uur subscription list is rapidly ins
housed tho preparations for the next creasing. Instead of decreasing in
Send In your IVamcs.'
are in order, and tho first thought is
of tho manure. Tho time haa gono
by when a farmer can afford to neg
lect this first necessity, American
larming pays now only in propor-
tho Grove it has increased sinco wo
left thcro. If our friends will
each work a little we can get ono or
two hundred more names easily.
Now is timo to Bubscribo. Begin
with tho new paper. We charm
tion to tho labor an4 skill exercised
- . - i c 41 ri 1 -. i a
in manuring tno eon. There are a few wnore, neany au tno papers
1 i i . . I in 1 . or, r tt . .
urown uieu uuu exceptions yet remaining ini some ' viuywu cuurgo f.vu. nend in
of tho newer Western States, but vour names, girls or boys, women or
foresighted farm or erelij there see men, all of you. We will trust you
clearly before them tho early disap- ior a subscription any how. Wo will
pearauce of tho preeent order of niako liberal reduction in tho prico
who have grown up with their papas things, and tho gradual decreaso of J OI subscription for clubs
their crops. Tho farmer , who de-
and mammas, find them as dignified
as any father and mother. But what
is puerile and ridiculous, is for tho
"paw" and "maw" of a merry sensi
ble Southern or Middle State family
or the father and mother of a sober
down East household, to find them
pends upon his stables alono for the put tho prisoners of the Penitentiary
stock of manure fails greatly to se- in irons and lock them Uri in their
cure all tho advautages ho possess- ces fr the next two ybars, becauso
es. There are many sources from iho LcSislatnro did not appropriato
which ho may add to the stock thua 7n LSTi.'S -7, ' JZ2?
UCriVOd. With thO irOOd farmer, hia innnnrmm.nf
W ' MMMVUIVI4Vl