The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899, March 13, 1897, Image 2

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L L. OA Mr BELL, Tfpwimfr.
Am laUreatlng Collection of Heine From
Ibe Two Hmlithrti Presented
la Cendeneed form
Joseph Wheeler was killed near Eas
ton, Wash., while walking tli" North
ern IViflc track.
President Cleveland has c'iit a mn.
sage to tlio house vetoing tin- imiiiih. -.
tion bill. 1I asserts in his message
that it reverses the national policy in
excluding illiterate, lint -r in i 1 1 i i.
jsiliticul agitators ami anarchist to en
ter the country.
United States Ambassador ISavard
was tendered baii'juct l.v lord
mayor of London. It is said that i.ot
in many yearn Lim the Mansion house
contained a gathering no representative
of liritish lift; H ! I achievement us as
cmhlcd to honor Mr. liayard.
Direct charges of bribery and at
tempted bribery were made In-fore the
Kansas state legislature at ToH-k:i.
The charges were made in open s
sion. The name of tin- accused were
ki-n outright, and warrants were is
sued for tlionrrest of the culpr its. One
if the men imjilieate'l a arrested I--fore
he coiihl make 1 1 i H cscaH.- from the
capital building.
The stale senate of Oreon after a
session lasting nearly lilty -lays, at
which nothing could be accomplished,
has decided to dissolve and go home.
The attitude of uliM-nt iiii'IiiIm-is made
all efforts at reorganization appear '.
hopeless, and it was thuiylit U -t not
to add to the complications of the pies- ;
ent troublesome situation. The ilei i- ;
rioli to quit was brought alsiut by the !
failure of the house to secure the lit
tendance of a single outside member.
Another filibustering rx-i1itiou has
been successful in evading the vigilance I
of customs ofllcials and lire on their way j
to Cuba with arms, ammunition and !
supplies for the insurgents. The cipc- i
ilition is under command of Major ('as- j
troverdi, a young and dashing Cuban I
patriot, who was foimcrly with Mucin), j
It is said that seveial men have taken .
pasasge on the filibuster for Cuba and
w ill cuter the ranks of the insurgents. ;
The destination is thought to lie the
mouth of the Kan Juan river.
The outlook for the os-iiiiig of the
Colvillu reservation is now said to 1
very unfavorable. The matter is in the j
hands of the ((inference committee in
Washington, and several umeliiliiiciila I
are to 1st considenil in conniH-iion with
tho original bill. The chief interest
centers in the placers at the mouth of
Hunter creek. I'pon a large bar in the
Columbia, fifty heavily armed and de- ',
termined men are in camp, mostly j
ranchers from the surrounding country.
Cains'd just Im'Iow them una small bar
Is a small party commanded by Detec
tive Joe Warren and ex KberitT I'ligh.
They lire said to be the agents of the
fcdvrul syndicate.
A cable dispatch from Manilla to
Madriil says over 1,000 insurgents weie
killed in recent battles fought w ith gov
ernment troops at Silang and 1ih Ma
rinias. Another remit Is current that the
Spanish captain-general in Cuba, Wey
ler, will step down. TMs time it is said
the rcsirt is based on the very highest
authority. Tho reason given (or his
desire to retire is the release of San
Kiiilly. The national senate held a Sunday
session, at which the principal business
transacted was the passage of ceitain
items of the sundry civil bill, among
which was the river and liarlmr appro
priation. The attendance at the session
Was large, only thirteen being alfcnt.
Mis. Kva Kodiigucs, w ife of llriga
dicr Ocncral Alexander Kudriguca, of
the Cuban insurgents, has arrived in
Key West. (If her recent arrest and
treatment by Spanish ofllccis she re
lates a pitiful story of rsccutioti,
She tells of licing subjected to the in
dignities of the Spanish soldiers and
together w ith sixty other women she
was driven handcuffed through the
stieets of Santa Clara to a felon's pil
sou. Her release was finally obtained
through Consul tleneial l-oe.
The I'nited States supreme court ha
rendered an opinion in the ease of the
steamer Three Friends, seized Novem
ber 17 last by the collcetor of custom
for the district of St. Johns, Kla., as
forfeited to the I'nited States, under
section fi,'.".'a of the revised statutes,
known as the neutrality act. The
opinion fully sustained the position of
the government, reversing the decision
of tlio district court for the southern
district of Florida. Chief Justice Ful
ler delivered the opinion of the court.
He defined neutrality to mean: Ab
stinence from participation in public,
private, or civil war, and impartiality
of conduct toward both parties, but
liianitenance of unbroken peaceful rela
tion l't weou the two, when the do
mestic affairs of- one of them is dis
turbed, is not neutrality in the sense in
which the wont is uhis) w hen the dis
turbance ha aciiiiied such head as to
have demanded the recognition of belli
gerency. Governor Imrd, of Oregon, has re
reived a letter in reply to his rtspiest
to SH'aker Kccd asking that the bill for
the relief id Indian war vctcians be per
mitted to ouiie up in congress for tliial
considetation. The sivakcr says:
"The pressure of husincKS at the elds
(if the session render it difficult to con
sider any particular measure, especially
one which has not W-eii discussed much
In (ore the house." This tKks a it
there is not much ' for the bill
this session of congress, iid tut actij
can ho taken at the r vial -.
The Klks' lodges 04 T. s.i, ttf
If I, Seattle d otbt tisH
cities are preparing to s. ! v
tiou to the Minneaiolis-et: (f
Klks' graielUslge in June, for the pur
poee of securing the next annual gather
ing at Portland, Or. They have bee
Oquietly working for months and Ndiev
success to le sund. OHi raise fund
to send a trainload of delegates to Mln
iessilis, a scries of plays will lie givsn
luroiigli the Northwest.
Kx-llovernor John D. Ismg. of Hot
ton, ha announce.1 that he has accrpt
is) the navy jsjrtfolio in the McKiulty
Make-t'p of tne Cabinet.
President McKinley has sent to thi
United States senate the following
Secretary of state.ojohn Sherman, of
Hwretary of the treasury, Lyman J.
(Jage, of Illinois.
Kwretary of war, Russell A. Alger,
of Michigan.
Attorney-general, Joseph McKenna,
of California.
Postmaster-general, James A. Oary,
of Maryland.
Si-orotary of the navy, John D. Long,
of Massachusetts.
Secretary of the interior, Cornelius
N. Mi, of New York.
Si-crctary of agriculture, James Wil
lon, of Iowa.
To compliment Mr. Sherman, his
nomination wax immeliatey confirmed.
The other nomination were referred to
various committees, who took action
ujsm them later, confirming all with
out objection.
Bow (he Senile Will Stand.
The re-election of Jamea II. Kyle to
the United States senate from South
Dakota determine the complexion of
that body a it will appear when the
Republican party comes into owor
March 4. It will bo composed of the
following elementa:
Hi.iil.ll'i,t 42 I silver n-riiMlcaiis ....
l.-ni(M-rftt I lril-H-ii'lerit 1
l'i'iiliu 7 1 WenrU-i I
Never in the history of the nation has
the delineation of parties lieen so on
certain an will be exemplified by the
senate to lie organized at the leir,iiiuing
of the U'l in i n i Ht r t ion of President Ma
Kinley. No party as control in th
upiMT branch of the national h-gisla-
t..... u 1 1 I, ... I. II. A W..ll,ll,-ane
nr. - l'ominate in degree they are short of
a majority, even after counting the
free-silver senators like Wolcott, Hans
horough ami Carter, who are true to
the party, while differing with it on
the most important olitical issue of
the day.
Olfimrti Ars S.ttl.d.
All differences between the house
and the senate on the postal appropria
tion bill have been settled. The sen
ate amendments have been accepted
which authorizes the postmaster-general
to use the tiiiciM-ndc! balance of
last year's appropriation from special
trunk line facilities for any fast mail
facilities he may think proper; 0,000
for a transfer service lictween Ht. Iuis
and Kast St. I-ouis, adding $lh'i.U00 to
the allowance for railway sistal clerks,
ami alsu the senate amendments strik
ing out the rating of the salaries of
sstal insectors at I,2U0, $I,4U0 and
The senate recedes from the amend
ment striking out the item for marine
free delivery for Detroit. The senate's
raise of the amount for transportation
l.v ,.,,..11,..,. i ;.. iu.a fr..,.i -,n (IIIO til
r)(J (0t HtanlH.
' ' '
BUI Aui.odlng th. Shipping Laws,
The bill amending the shipping laws
was passed ufter adding a proviso that
it shall not change the law lorhiddiiig
flogging in the merchant marine. A
senator said the bill as drawn was in
the sailor's interests and did not ro
store Hogging, but to please certain
"wise men" the provision had been or
dered. (lorilon of (leorgia, had inserted in
the record all account of the extreme
simplicity of the Washington and
Adams inaugurations.
IMplmiialle Hslalloas Hsalorsd.
The state department has been In
formed that 1 1 1 plum ut iii relations be
tween Venezuela and (Ireat Itritain,
which were interrupted some years ago,
have Is-eu restored, and that Juan
l'letrie, tho present Vener.uelan min
ister to (iermauy, has been transferred
In Herat Hritain. This will leave but
one step to w ind up the whole embar
rassing and critical Venezuelan con
troversy, the assured ratillcation by
the Venezuelan congress of the arbitra
tion movement.
Tbs Kilra Rsssloa.
According to call, congress will lx
convened in special session March 15.
The lieu president will send a luesasage
to congress calling attention to the
state of the government revenues, and
urging the speedy enactment of a gen
eral revision of the tariff.
Judge luritsr'a Tnllej.
Judge Turner, Washington's newly
rlected I'nited States senator, announces
that his policy in the senate will ls to
favor a protective taritT, the piotection
of Americans in foreign lauds, and the
early annexation of the Hawaiian
A I'lscs Hurls.
It is whispered among the Ohio con
gressional delegation in Washington
that James V. Itoyle, private secretary
of President of McKinley, w ill ln ap
points! consul to Liverpool, succeeding
James C. Neal of Ohio. The l.ivciool
HHt is worth about f 110, 000 a year.
Ths rrvsldsnt'a Approval,
The international monetary confer
ence bill is now a law, President Cleve
land having signed it this afternoon.
Uvrr Cleveland's llsad.
The house passed the immigration
bill over the president's veto by a vote
of 1UU to 3 7.
Mlaasd by Cleveland.
The president has signed the bill to
allow the Imttling of spirits in bond in
which distlllcis are greatly interested.
ritlntalitln delivered.
The note of the powers notifying
(Irooce that her forces must U with
drawn from Crete w itlhn six days ha
ln-en delivered. Ureece was warms!
that this division is irrevis-able, and
that failure to comply with the swers'
demands would result in serious const-
A fteeii )und emltl'di, reiTiitly ex
aatinsl by the di warden of Urn, Ion,
w. tin I to have a roe ciuitainuig 4,-
I'ullre .b.d.
rlin, March 5. At Neuwied,
tlicmsh Prussia, a mob stoned the po
lice, w ho drvw saonls in self-defense,
but were obligisl to retire to the sta
tion. The rvumn the mob stoned the
station with paving stones and chivrvd
for anarchy, Nuuieimis arrests were
Aaelher due o the Hike.
Still it comes. It has now two
found that riding the bicycle oausea
tialdnc. The hair of the bicyclist ao
cumulates dust, dandruff forms and
baldness follow.
President McKinley Takes
Up the Reins of Our
Counllsis Thousands Irwed The tirral
( Itlraiol Mllllsrjr l-arade-llrantlful
llrrorallons and laanlf1rnl lllutnl
iimIIoiis - liisuaur.l Hall a Suerr.s.
Thurs-lay, March 4, for the fourth
time, a iiative-lsirn citizen of Ohio, in
the pr nee of untold thousands of his
countrymen, tisik the oath w hich Umnd
him for four years to guard the welfare
of the American people. It was an im
pressive yet beautifully simple cere
mony that marked the ascension of
William McKinley, soldier, lawyer,
representative, governor, to the high
odloe of president.
The popular demonstration of the day
was uni'pie and a shining success in
every particular. In beauty, in taste,
in novelty the decorations were incom
parably sutN-rior to unything ever seen
in Washington. The magnificent Issly
of regular I'nited States trisips was
more numerous than ny gathered
since Oram's great display at the close
of the war. Seventeen sovereign states
had citizens in the parade, and over
sixty civic organizations licl-d to swell
its magnificent projsirtions.
Along the broad avenue on every open
space were erected grandstands that
were not only comfortably covered and
of pretty design, but ap
propriately decorated. The citizens
had sM'iit money lilsTally to beautify
their houses, and, with the aid of
thousands of Hags of every kind, loaned
by the national government, Pennsyl
vania, the great artery avenue of the
city, was turned into a rainlsiw of
bright color, in which "Old tilory"
Heroes mi (he HI rests.
The line of march o( the parade was
longer than usual, fully four miles,
made so to eas" the pressure of sceta
tors in the central part of the city.
To w itness all this display there was
n mighty gatheringof American jsHiple.
Kvcn up to noon railroads quired thou
sands into the city.
All the grandstand seats were taken
early. Prices of windows were phe
nomenal, .'.) Isdiig the lowest for it
single window, and prices ranging to
:100 for u three-window nsiiu. Cal
vin itrice, of Ohio, paid (1,00(1 for an
avenue room for a day at Wi I lard's,
with luncheon added for a small party.
ll.-ri.rHllona In (he I lly.
A stiff breeze flaunted flags, banners
and bunting in the air, adding pictur
esqueiicHH to the broad avenue, from
the treasury to the capitol, pat ked w ith
The center of the interest of the dec
orations ol the city was Pennsylvania
avenue, strctchim;, n unbroken sheet
of axpball KiO feet broad and a mile
long, from the capital to the foot of the
treasury, mid thence, after a short
break at Fifteenth street, (or another
mile and a half pa-t the mirth front of
the treasury, past the White House and
the state, war and navy department.
to Washington Heiu'litH.
The great trough of builditii:s from
the capitol to the treasury was it wealth
of bunting. There were t ! . 1 1'" of all na
tions waving (ioiii the windows.
ItealiniltiR of the ferrmonlra.
The presidential family party arrived
lit too capitol at 11:10, and entered the
east reserved gallery. Mis. McKinley
and her sister, Mrs. ltailn r, took front
seats. Mrs. McKinley, sr., was two
seats from Mrs. McKinley, jr., and the
two Is'iit forward frequently for tin ex
change of happiness.
The diplomatic corps entered the
chamber at 1 1.1, 'i, followed it moment
later by the chief justice and associate
jil-lices of the I'nited States supreme
court. Members of the houe of repre
sentatives then entered. There was a
stir when the senate officials announced
Vice-President-elect Mr. Ilobart, who
stepped to a scat near the presiding
officer's desk.
rrnldfiitlat I'arly Arrliri,
At 12: JO President Cleveland and
Piesideut i le t McKinley entered the
main doois. Attention was riveted at
once on thcc two central figures. Mc
Kinley and Cleveland were seated im
mediately in front of the presiding
officer, facing the senate and crowd.
Mcmhcis of the house of representa
tives tilled the entire IhhIv o( the hall
on the light side, and on the opposite
area sat senators and senators-cUvt.
The ler rreldelil Sworn In.
As the picsidetitutl party took seats,
Vice Pn si lent Stevenson arose and in
vited bis siicco-or to step forward and
take the oath of office. Ilobart ad
vanced to the ilc-k, raised his right
hand, and t.M'V the oath in accordance
With the constitution.
Stevenson then delivered his valedic
tory uddicss. He thanked the members
with whom he had Ivcn associated (or
their many kindnesses, and wished
them (iod speed m their future delib
erations. Vice President Ilobart, scakini! in
a strong, Wcll-mo.ilated tone, then de
livered his intrtsliictory addles. He
beg in by sayitu::
"Scnalots: To have been elected to
preside over the senate of the United
States is a distinction which any citizen
would pi i.c. an I the manifestation of
confidence which it implies is an honor
which 1 sincerely appreciate. My
gratitude and loyalty to the pivplc of
the country to wheft I owe this honor,
and my duty to you as well, demands
such a couscnatuc, equitable and con
scientious construction and enforcement
of your rules as shall promote the well
being and prosperity of the people, and
at the same time conserve the time
honored precedents an I established tra
ditions which havccviitrihutctl to make
tins tribunal the most distinguished of
the legislative Ulie ol the world."'
His address was brief, and at its con
clusion lwas loudly applauded.
Kcnitiir or In.
The proclamation of the outgoing
prvsidciit, (.'ailing an cxtia evasion of
the senate having ln read. Vice-
Pri.Lnl Unhurt reoilcsted the new
senator to advance and take the oath
of office. At the presiding officer's sug
gestion, Mr. Morrill, the p.itrian h of
the senate, was complimented with l
ing the first sworn in. No exact order
was observed, the oath being given to
four senators at one time. With the
fifteen new men were twelve of the old
senator who were sworn in for le w
While oaths were Is iMT administered.
Cleveland and McKinley sat talking m
a low tone. It was rletrly a most
agreeable change, for tl." old and new
presidents smiled now and then, a they
lioddcd acquiescence to e.e h other.
It was 1:05 P. M.,wh-ii the last oath
had been administered, and the formal
exit Is-if.m, the supreme Jil-tie. s going
lirst, Mr. Cleveland, Pie-, h nt M- Km
lev and other official- following. Ju-t
Is-fore the official party withdrew, Mr.
McKinley and the m' "f the pre-i-dent
were escorted from the gallery to
the east front of the.apitol. where the
oath of office was (,, !, taken by the
new president. The . cupant of til
public gallery were In I I in th-ir plac
for some time in order t,"t to hh k the
pns'ossion of official-. iradually th
chamber was deserted.
The rroces.lioi tir.
The crowd had waio-d patiently in
front of the stand ere -e I at the east
wing for the proce n from the senate
chamber to iips-ar.
When the reti'iig and incoming
presidents stepped on the platform arm
in arm their app-o.incc .i greeted
with a thuiidcrou- roar. Cleveland now
Iace.1 an inauguration audience for the
fourth time, once more than any other
president. As McKinley walked down
the plat form the yells and shouts l--cauie
deafening, and us he stepped upon
the raise. I platform he felt compelled to
acknow ledge them by bowing riuht and
left. He then tisik a scat. The press
against the stand was so terrific that
women screamed with pain and several
Meantime the procession from the
senate continued. All the time 40.000
people were straining to keep up the
ternicndous applause.
McKinley Takes (he Dalit.
McKinley arose and uncovered while
Chief Justice Fuller, in flow ing robes,
administered the oath. The new presi
dent kissed the large, gilt-edged llilde
presented by the bishops of the African
Methodist church to seal his oath. The
H'ople continued to roar. Holding a
manuscript in his hand he turned to
the multitude, and, lifting up his
hand as in admonition for order, began
his inaugural address.
A short delay (svuried after .McKin
ley delivered his inaugural, as it was
deemed advisable for the president to
partake ot lunch at the capitol instead
(if following the foimer custom and
halting the parade while he took lunch
at the White House.
The (iresl I'Hrail.
The capital city never looked upon
such a perfect parade as that which es
corted President McKinley from the
capitol to the White House and then
passed in review under his eye. The
feature of the splendid pageant was the
perfect balance between its contrasting
parts and the high order of skill that
was shown in the handling of the J0,
000 or more men in line.
Amid the merry spectators a hearty
round id applause and a reverential un
covering of heads was called forth by
the passing of the limping and battle
scarred Veterans of the war, new but
few in number, but of sturdy heart.
With the president and Major McKin
ley in the carriage were Senators Slier-!
man and Mitchell, liclund the presi
dential carriage, riding in solitarv state,
was Mr. John Addison Porter, secretary
of the piesidctit-chvt. The cabinet
officials and other digtiitaries followed
in carriages.
The black horse troop forming the
president's escort fell in at the rear of
the carriages. Following the Cleveland
troop came Colonel Cecil Clay, com
mander of the District of Columbia Na
tional Ouard. with a glittering staff of
aides. There Were 1,200 men in this
division, all in the uniform of the na
tional guard. The line moved down
the avenue through a black mass of
cheering thousands.
The Inaugural Hall.
With the night came the crowning
glory (d the inauguration. The resi
dences and public building were aflame
with lights, the streets Were crowded
with people, and the claiftoriug multi
tudes still t attled at the door of hotels
and restaurants demanding dssl and
drink, thousands surged to and fro in
(rout id the monument grounds, whence
-e the chromatic tin-works which
illuminated the city in fitful gleams,
but it was at the ps-nsiou building that
the fvlitician paid their respects to so
ciety. There distinguished guest of
the invasion paid homage to President
McKinley and the new mistress of the
White llous,., and later thtv.vli-d the
max.-s of the dance.
The ball was the climax of the Jar.
?The rr-ion building is .lmirably
sforthi. s-Uar. t
lends it-c f to tl.e llio-l '"'"
i it was never
lt. ,r,.s sie! fes,.. an;
,,n thl ruglit- The ra
lr,.lM,.J with dowers and
,U column. s.-"-l W
, of banks of flowers, and suHs, t -1
be iron f'-U which was a royal canopy
.whltea.ils-old. nir.s!-of can..
r ..s in gold cage- M. ked wa.v in the
g,.,.ner; sa-.g no nily. Tl.e th.and
f el.c'.r.c lights Mashed amid the
flowers and draj .-rv. The art.M.r effe. t
, t! ,g was probably p
...pialled, certainly not surpa I. ""
tins country. . , .
It was hk- the ,stal- -f fairyland,
will, its f ful women, its
mvri:l,!-of gb.i,i..g i.ghs. t-f.;;-
...I-. ...a-:- -' -t
blossoms, if pul-.t.ons of mu-ic and
the heavy -lor of of per
fumes. The cnoni.ou. floor feet
long and half as w id.-was so large
that it was divided into squares, each
n,,der a cor, - of a-si-tant to the g.-n-,.ral
tl..r manager-. Ib-re the dances
enjoyed themselves to their hearts con
Fellow-Citizens: In obedience to the
will of the ,-oople. and in th-ir pres
et , bv the authority ve-ted in me by
this oath, I as-utne tl.e arduous and re
S,.,t,she dilli' S of the president of the
I'nited States, relying on the siipts.rt
f in v countrvmeii and invoking the
guidance of Ahnighty (Jur faith
tea. hes that there is no Safer reliance
than Ufsiti the Ood of our fathers, who
has so singularly favored the American
people in every national trial, and who
will not forsake us, so long as we oliey
His cominaiidineiits and walk humbly
in His footsteps.
The responsibilities of the trust to
which I have been called, always of
grave iniHi tance, are augmented by
the prevailing business conditions, en
tailing idleness uisui willing labor and
loss to useful enterprise. The country
is suffering from industrial disturbances
from which speedy relief must be had.
Need or ( nrrcney Itetlslon.
Our financial system u Is some revi
sion; our mom y is all good now, hut its
value must not further lie threatened.
It should all be put iiui an enduring
basis, not subject to easy attack, nor
its stability to doubt or dispute. Our
currency should continue under the su
pervision of the government. The sev
eral forms of our paper money offer, in
my judgment, a constant embarrass
ment to the government and to a safe
balance in the treasury. Therefore, I
deem it necessary to devise a system,
without diminishing tl,e circulating
medium or offering a premium for its
contraction, which will present a rem
edy for those ai rangeiucnts which, tem
porary in tlicir nature, might well, in
times uf our prosperity, have been dis
placed by wiser provisions. With ado-
' , f S. - i.. " ' . -.l J i
quate revenue insured, but not until
then, can we enter upon such change
in our fiscal laws as w ill, w bile insur
ing safety and volume to our money, no
longer impose Usui the government the
necessity of maintaining so large a gold
reset vc. w ith its attendant and inevit
able temptations to speculation. Most
of our financial laws are the outgrowth
of cxis-rience and trial, and should not
be amended without investigation and
demonstration of the wisdom of the
proposed changes. We must be both
sure, we are right, and "make hast,,
slowly." If. therefore, congress j i,s
wisdom shall deem it cxivdient to
create a commission to take under early
consideration the revision of our coin
age, banking and currency ,
give them exhaustive, careful and dis
passionate examination which the or
(".instance demands, I shall conliallv
concur in such action. IfsuchpowcV
is vested in the president, it is mv pur
pose to appoint a commission of promi
nent. well-informed citizen of d.ffercnt
parti,-., who will command public eon
tidence, lx,th on account of their abihtv
and sisvial fitness for the wotk. Pusi
ness experience and public training
may thus be combined, and the patri
otic teal of the citizens of the country
I-? so dirwted that such a report will
li made as to receive the supivrt of all
parties, and our finance cease to lv
the subject of mere paitisao MUU-utiyU.
-j ays xjr wxi15j.i - l
Th Vlie-rrrsi.l..ii.
Th'e experiment is. t .11 event. worth
i n in mv opinion It will
Inlrrnslloxsl Bimetal!!
TilP question of international W
. , llisiuwill have early and earnest
motallismw i constant en
attentlon. It w ill t " y
deaVor to Secure It l-y CO-o- -
l e o h r great commercial power of
1 i world. Until that condition .
liIl he relative value ol silver a -..".ly
coined and that which may here,
'fi .7 be coined must he constantly
ke,, ai,ar with gold by every resource
ut our command.
I ;, eminent M.l.l lonol.lle.
Tl. credit ol the government, the ir.
it.Jr v., (the currency and the . in viol-alula-of
it- obligations in us be pre
..rv.,i. This was the command.. yer-
..Th-t of the , ple,.,..ditw.ll no it be
unheeded. K onomy is demanded in
,-verv branch of the government ot all
times, but especially in I-riod. like
! ,. pre-ent depression of business and
I among the , ,de. The seve -
1 e-t economv must be observed ill all
; ouhlic exienditures and extravagance
i,op,-d wherever found, and prevented
'wherever in the future it may be de-
I vol 1. If the revenues are to remain
las now. the only relief thatcancomo
I mu-t Is- from decreased cxm-ndltures.
! Put the present must not become the
is-rmanent condition of thegovernment.
! It has b.-e.i our uniform practice to re
' tire, not increase, our outstanding obli
gations, and this policy must be again
re-umed and vigorously enforced.
1 v..,,,,,. should always be large
enough to meet with case and prompt
ness not onlv our current needs and tho
principal and interest of the public
debt, but to make pnqier and liberal
provisions (or that most deserving body
of public creditots, the soldiers and
sailors and widows and orphans who
are the pensioners of the United States.
Itevrnur, Must II" Increased.
The government should not bo ht
mitted to run behind or increase its
debts in times like the present. Snit
ablv (o provide is the mandate of duty,
a certain and ca.-y remedy for the most
of our financial difficulties. A defici
ency is inevitable so long as the expen
ditures of the government exceeds its
receipt. It can only be met by loans
or an increased revenue. While a large
annual surplus of revenue may invite
waste and extravagance, inadequate
revenue create distrust and under
mines public and private credit Neither
should be encouraged. Between more
loans and more revenue there ought to
be but one opinion.
We should have more revenue, and
that without delay, hindrance or im
pediment. A surplus in the treasury
created by loans i not a permanent or
safe reliance. It will suffice while it
lasts, but it cannot last long while the
outlays of the government are greater
than its receipts, a IMS' been the case
during the past two years. Nor must
it be forgotten that however much such
loans may temorarily relievo the situ
ation, the government is still indebted
for the amount of surplus thus accrued
which it must ultimately pay, while its
ability to pay is not strengthened,
but weakened by a continued deficit.
Iguana are imperative in great emergen
cies to preserve the government or its
credit, but a failure to supply needed
revenue in time of peace for the main
tenance of either has no justification.
The best way for the government to
maintain its credit is to pay us it goes
not by resorting to loan, but by keep
ing out of debt through an adequate
income, secured by a system of taxa
tion, external or internal, or both.
TnrllT Itevlsiou Necessary.
It is the settled olicy of the govern
ment, pursued from the beginning and
practiced by nil parties and administra
tions, to raise the bulk of revo.uip from
taxes upon foreign production entering
the I'nited States for sale and consump
tion; and avoiding for the most part
every form of direct taxation, except in
time of war. The country is clearly op
posed to any needless additions to the
subjects of internal taxation, and is
committed by it latest popular utter
ances to the system of tariff taxation.
There can be no misunderstanding,
either, about the principle iikii which
this tariff taxation shall be levied.
Nothing has ever been made plainer
at a general election than that the con
trolling principle in the raising of rev
enue on imports is zealous care for
American interest and American la
bor is wished. The people have de
clared that such legislation should be
had a will give ample protection and
encouragement, to the industries and de
velopment of our country. It is there
fore earnestly hoped and cxiected that
congress will at the earliest practicable
moment enact revenue legislation that
shall be fair, reasonable, conservative
mid just, and which while supplying
sufficient revenue for public purose,
will still be signally beneficial and help
ful for every section and every enter
prise of the people. To this policy we
are all, of whatever party, firmly bound
by the voice of the people a power
vastly more potential than the expres
sion of any political plarform. The
paramount duty of congress is to stop
deficiencies by the restoration of that
protective legislation which has al
ways been the firmest prop of the treas
ury. The passage of such a law or
laws would strengthen the credit of the
government, both at home and abroad,
and go far toward stopping the drain
upon the gold reserve, held for the re
demption of o.r currencv, which has
been heavy and well-nigh constant for
Several vears.
Ilrvltal Will lie Slow.
Business conditions are not the most
promising. It will take time to restore
the pt-..erity of former vears. If we
cannot promptly attain it. we can re-o-lutcly
turn our face i ,ila, ,irection
and aid its return by friendly legist
tion. However troublesome "the situa
tion mav lllll'ir ........... .:n . -
-, '.' win not, i
am sure be , 1 liking in disposi
j "or ability t relieve as far as , .
j latioti can do so. The restoration f
i "ntMeiieo and the the revival of busi
Uess .I,,,-!, men of all parties so much
j desire (le.n,! more largely n,x,n the
p rompt, energetic and intelligent action
M'f '-ongress than ,, any other s ngb
agency ,l,a, atT.vts the sitmition. '
It is inspiring. ,,H1) tl r,Mm.mb) .
no great emergency i ,h ls0
"or eventful national hf,, hl?
UWusLutorv have exalted
mnA advance! tha raiiaA nt f-
inning""" ,, ininieajuni
bly strengthened the precious free i
fitution which we enjoy. The jw.?"
love and will sustain those insttitutior
The greatest aid to our happim.M
prosierity is that we adhere to prfn
ciple upon which the governm,.,,, '
established, and insist upon their faith'
ful observance. The equality of ,.ltt
must prevail and our laws be alw J!
and everywhere respected and obcysij.
Trusts and 3Iini,m,h,
The declaration of the party now r.
stored to jsower has been in the ym 0
ixiscd to all combination of c:i,itil
organized in trusts or otherwise, uaJ
trol arbitrarily tho conditions of trad'
among our citizens, and it has snpp,,-"
ed such legislation, as well, as to prei
vent the execution of all seh,.m ,A
.i... ...,..i., , ,.. , w
oppress no ii.-o,,u mi uue cnargn 0(.
their supplies or ny unjust rates fof
llie iransjioi luiiiui m meir prompt.,
market. This purjiose will te;ijr ,
.... U...U I... .l. ... w
pursued, uiii'i iw enioreeinerit of
. ,. . I..... ....... ! nv ! u(. ....... .... 1 .. I
, . , , " " rec.
ominendation and and siiptH,,t f
new statutes ns may be necessary to
carry it into effect.
Immigration l.nw.
Our naturalization and immigration
laws should be further improved t tilf
constant promotion of a safer, a ltttr
and higher citizenship. A grave p,
to the republic would be a citizenship
too iguorant to understand or Ux
vicious to appreciate the Vulue
ami benefit of our legislation u,l aW(i
and against all who come here to make
war uHin them, our gates must be
promptly and tightly closed. Xl)r nin
we be unmindful of the need (1f ),.
provement among our own
but with the zeal of our forefather! !
courage the spread of knowledge am
freo education. illiteracy must be
banished irora trie land if we shall at
tain mat nigii (icsuny as tiie forcmott
of the enligmeneci nations of the world
which, under providence, we ought ta
Forelan Kelallont.
It has been tho policy of tlie United
States since the foundation of the joy.
eminent to cultivate relations ol pear
and amity with all the nations o( the
world, and this accords with my con
ception of our duty now. We hat.
cherished the policy of noninterfereno.
with the affairs of foreign governments,
wisely inaugurated by Washington
keeping ourselves from entanglement
either as allies or foes, content to leaw
undisturbed with them the settlement
of their own domestic concerni. Ii
will be our aim to pursue a firm uj
dignified foreign policy, which fhillie
just, impartial, ever watchful ol onr
national lionor, and always itmitmj
upon the enforcement of the Uwlul
rights of American citizens everywhere.
Our diplomacy should seek milliinj
more and accept nothing less thin it
due us. 'W e want no wars of conquer;
we must avoid tho temptation of tern.
torial aggression. Wiir should new
be entered uKin until every ajjencyof
peace ha failed. Peace is prrfmtk
to war in most every contingency.
Kxtra Session of Cong-rett.
It has been tho uniform practise'
each president to avoid as far at p
ble the convening of congress in en
session. It is an example w hich air
ordinary circumstances and in tins
sence of public necessity, is not i
commended, but a failure to cod f
the representatives of the people in
tra session when it involves a n
of public duty places the rosiHuisiM
of such neglect upon the executive.
The condition of the public treict
as has been indicated, ilemati'll
immediate consideration of coogrs
It alone has tho power to provide ret
ime for the government.
It is evident therefore, that to
ixine action in the presence of logr
a necessity would bo unwise on &
part of the present executive, be
unjust to the interests of the pef
Our action now will be freer IN
mere partisan consideration tlianilti
question of tariff revision wm p
poned until tin regular session of k
gross. c are nearly two years Iron
congressional election, and H"1
cannot so irroatlv distruct u as iff
a contest was immediately poiiJia
Again, whatever action congress
take will be given n fair oiiixirtuii
for trial before the people are oalW
pass judgment unon it. and thin I
sider a great essential to rightful
lasting settlement of tho nuestion.
view of these considerations, 1
deem it my duty as president townw
coiiL'ress in extraordinary session
day, the 15th day of March, 1891
Concluding- Words.
In conclusion. I congratulate
country uikiu the fraternal spirit of-
people, and the manifestation ' f
Will everywhere an nimiirent. Th
- --I i (
cent election not onlv most fortunv
demonstrated the obliteration of
tional or geographic lino, but tee-
extent also the prejudices wnu
veara have, ilislrncted our council' 1
marred our truo greatness as u &
The triumph of tho people, :
verdict is carried into effect to!?
not the triumph of one section,
wholly of one party, but of all
and nil the people. The North '
South no longer divide on jM l;
but upon principles and politic '
in this fact surely every lover o'
country can find cause for true f
tion. Let us rejoice in and
thp Roirif Tf ia oni.oldinc atl'i
both n cr.iin nn,1 l,l,.auinL to OUT
It will be my constant aim
nothing and permit nothing to I"
that will arrest or disturb this sro
sentiment of unity and co-';'
this revival of esteem uml af!l11.
which will affect so many th'"
in the old antagonistic section' '
shall do everything possibS '
mote and increase it. Let '.
repeat the words of the oath
tered bv the chief iustice, w'"' .
their respei-tive spheres, so ''ir
pucaiile, I would have ail m? v'
men otiserve: j
l will faitliMlly execme (
of president of tho United St"trf' ,
will, to the liest of my abih'M
s'rve, protect and defend the
tion of the United States." r
... ...... .... tnr r
This is the obligation I
LorA 51
ently taken before the
High. To keep it will !
purpose, mv constant prayer
A.'l..ntl- nisnl
K.,ir....D l ,,f all
- u . , nun Bcpiruiiiv, - .
I'le in the discharge of mj ol