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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 4, 1896)
EUGENE CITY GUARD.
a, L. CAMrBKU rreprleUF.
EUGENE CITT. OREGON.
SCARE PRODUCED BY MENTION
OF WAR ABOUT OVER.
Til Wall Ureal Paula Ended Realising
Hales Cauee Retrograde) Mofimnl
-American eeurltlee Advancing In
the English Markets.
New York, Deo. JO. The tock mar
ket opened la good tone, with ipeouU
inn r brisk. There wet sood bar
ing, in which foreign bouse were
nriimlnnt. and nearly ill active lilts
wade rapid advance. Home realizing
ale caused retrograde movement,
and decllnea were recorded from to
3 per cent The market, however,
was fairly steady, and there) were no
(niHnatiQni of nanlcky oondition.
The depression which came on the
market at 10:15 continued arjout nan
n hour, the eitreme decline being in
agar, whiob fell J' ocnta. At 10:15
prloea were again moving upwarn,
Pullman aelllng at 6 pur cent and
(than at from U to 2 Der cent adavnee.
Miiiiiit haa ranired between 6 and 25 per
aunt on actual transaction, bat at
one time waa 85 pi oent, with no
business. The rate at noon wai zu
nr rmnt. and at 12:50 IliOO.OOO wal
loaued at 20 pur cent Loan have been
made on dividend-paying stock at o
((.nl(l. Hall & ComDanr ansnonded
today aa a reault of the alump in the
stock market Friday ana rtamrnay.
The firm ii atnall one, and the iu
pension bad no effect on 'change.
The London Mlora Ksrhange.
Imlnn. Duo. 2fl. At 1 o 'cluck thil
afutmoon there wai less excltemont on
the itock eiohange, bat the market waa
atill unsettled. There waa at dlspcail
tlon to take a more hopeful view of
the Venexuelan questlou politically,
but grave apprehension Ii felt rcgurd
ing the flnnuoial outlook of the United
Htates. There waa not mnoh improve
mi. nt lu forelirn irovornment aeourltlos.
Tim Anmrloiiu railroad market, which
waa very excited at tho opening, wai
quieter at 1 o'clock. In fact the pan
icky finding leem to have given way
to one of more ooufldcnoe. On the
Llveprool and Manoheitor and Ulasgow
itock excahngee tho tone ahowed a
marked Improvement and Jiriix'l for
American mcnirtlei were atHdily ad
vancing. Await further Nana.
London, Deo. 20 The afternoon pa
peri today, oommeut editorially at
length on the Voiiotaclan matter, but
their renurki are on the finaiioial
rather than the political phase. While
there ia uo abatumeiit of expression of
belief Uiat Uie ground taken by the
Uuited Btatel ia untenable, the tone
ia altogether more psoWo. Yet there
ia oouiiderable display of aatiafactiou
at fluanclal difrioultiea lu the Uuited
liiiiinuu during the day waa exocd
Ingly quiet on the eiohange. Ope niton
generally were disponed to await fur
ther newi from tho Untied Htates.
Amerieau itiM'kl, however, closed
steady; llraiillaua partleulurly heavy.
Itoarllun In ll.nton.
Boston, Deo. 88. There waa a un.
tioeablo reaction from the panicky oon
dition of lust week's market at the
opening thti moruing. It ia bollevcd
the wont ii over. The advanoo in
price noted during the Unit few min
ute of business waa not orlouly
broken, and a feeling of greater con
fidence waa apparent.
THE STRIKE ENDED.
Reals af Ralllamenl Kaarhed by lha
Company and Striking Employee.
Philadelphia, Deo. 20. The great
trolly atrtke I ended. Thil i the
fluuL Johu Wauuaiuaker la the man
who bought about the settlement. He
waa aided by member of the Chlrstisu
League. Tho baaia of the settlement
la aa followa:
First While the Uulon Traotlon
Company will treat only with the
workmeu in iia employ, it will allow
them membership lu any lawful organ
isation. Heoond It will take np their icrelv.
auoe and give them full aud fair con
sideration. Third It will luuuediately pot on
the old men a fait ai vacancies art';
will give preference to any of the old
men yet unemployed, and endeavor to
arrange the trip of the eari to favor
the old men far aa possible without
violating It contract with the new
The queattoiii of compensation and
hour are left for future detortuin
Concession were made by both aide.
The battle haa been mainly fought on
the queatton of the employei' member
ahip in the Amalgamated Aaeoeintiou
of Street Hallway fcmployea, which
the oompauy hai perntatentljrefunod to
reooguiae. The new men engaged
ince tha itrlke beagu uuiulier nearly
1,000. There were about 5.000, atrik
era. They will report for work tomor
riooiU In Indian Tarrllory.
Wagoner, I.T., Deo. The tiraud
river IIikmI continue to riae and now
avergt a depth of aeventy to eighty
feet in the channel. Ureal denotation
la being cauaed. Honae, wagon and
farm auliual of all deaorlptlona are
anen floating down the torrent. Men
aud women were fouud In the tree top
today, where they had been for thirty
ais hour, without ahelter or food.
They were rescued by a party in boat.
One woman waa aoeu lu a waRon
boi, going down itream and calling
for aattlittanoe, but o rapid wai the cur
rent that nothing oould be done to save
Kanaaa t lly. I Ml.nnrg a iulf.
Kanaa City, Deo. 26 Director of
th Kana City, Plttaburg A tiulf to
day roted to Inoreaie the oapiul atock
from $10,000,000 to fJO.OOO.OOO.
Thl Inanrea th completion of the
Pittabnrg 4 Qulf to the Uolf t' M--loo
wltboat delay. I
" 1 aniM..M ... ejQ .
m htfa (outmu or ahrartulng iw.
ELECTION OF PRESIDENT.
Movamaat la SabamuM me mpii"
Vol for tba Electoral college.
New York, Deo. 89.-A local paper
T. M. Cnrtln, a cousin of the late i
Andrew Cnrtin, who waa governor oi
Pennsylvania, and a relative oi Jere
miah Curtln. who for many year wai
connected with the United UUj lega
tion at Bt I'eterabnrg, la preparing to
upend 1100,000 to aeoure an amend-
meut to the constitution oi mo tuiwi
Htate. Moat of the money will come
from Mr. Cnrtln' own pocket in
balance will be given by two friendi,
who are earneat belioven in bla project
and who have the utmost faith in bla
ability to accompllab bil object.
Mr. Cnrtln and bla private aeore-
tary are at present visiting irieuaa in
thla oity. The amendment to the con
atltution for which Mr. Curtln ia now
working ia the eloctlou of the provi
dent by a popular vote Initead of by
college of elector.
After hehaa aooompliahed thla, ai
be feel lure he will, he intend v
work for change by wiiicn unitea
State senator will also be chosen by
popular vote. Such a change, Sir.
Cnrtin think, would be of great bene
fit to the country and would preveut
mnoh iujuitloe from which the people
are now offering, ai a nm n v
toward bringing about the change,
Mr. Curtin and hii friendi are about to
establish a boreaa in Washington
through whiob an exprcaalon of opin
ion ai to the beat man to be nominated
for prealdent by the leading partlei
will be aeoured. Thl bureau will be
opened in a few day and will be at
work until after the Democratic and
MORE BONDS TO ISSUE.
Tha President and Ilia Adtlsere Raid
Have o Ileclded.
New York, Doc 24. A ipeolal
the Herald from Washington aya:
At a conference of the cabinet ofllceri
with Prealdent Cleveland it waa de
cided to inane bond at once to replen
ish the gold roworve. Member of the
cabinet who are in the oity were mm
monod to the White Houao, and the
prealdent went over the lituatiou with
thorn, ft waa decided that Secretary
CarlUle ahould at once prepare for an
other bond iaane. The admlnintratinn
waa In consultation with aome of the
momberi of the late Belmont-Morgan
ayndlcato, but it could not be learned
laat night whether the new bonda are
to be taken by theayudicate or whether
the propoaali are to be aaked for by tlie
ncretary of the treaanry. The amount
of the iaano, it la laid, will be enough
to ralae the gold reeerve above 1 100,
000,000, although it I not intondod to
ell any more bond than aeeini abso
lutely neooaaary, beoanae it I believed
the present flurry will oon paaa over,
in view of the belief In the peaceful
settlement of the Veueiueluu quoatiou.
Waahlugtou, Deo. 24. The faot that
everal member of tho cabinet were
obaorvod oomlng from the White
Houae today led to a very general aur
mine that there bad beeu a apeoial
cabinet meeting to conaider aome phaae
of the Veueiuolan qunation, or the con
dition of the nuance. Diligeut in
quiry, however, failed to eaatblitth the
fact that a cabinet meeting actually
took place, but there la no doubt a oon
fnruuoo, the nature of which cannot bo
ascertained, had been in progress dur
ing the day between the preident aud
aome of hia advlaera. Those who were
at the White House Included Secre
taries Olney, Carlisle aud Lament
Vlrtnrr for the TnreUU Troops, mid
(iwnrral .MnaftacTe of Armenians.
New York, Deo, 24. A dispatch to
the Herald from Loudon ayia dispatch
from Vienna states that Mursah Pasha,
commanding a Turkish force, bas cap
tured the town of Zeitouu, which waa
some time ago taken by the iuaurgent
Armenians, aud that he had massacred
all the Armenians lu the place, who
did uot make their escape to the mouu -
Washiugtou, Deo. 24 The Turiksh
legatiou received from the sublime
porte the following telegram under to
"Tho Insurgent of Zeitouu attacked
the Mussulmans' village of Mehlia,
killed aud burned twomeu, five women
and three children, aud earicd away
the cattle and the thiugs belonging to
tho Inhabitants. The survivors fled
to Keukona. With the excepiton of
Zeitouu, perfect order reign in the
No More I ml Ian Outbreaks,
Denver, Dee, 24. Urigadier-Oen-eral
Frank Wheatou who ha Just re
turned from Ariaoua holds the opinion
that there will be uo more Iudiau out
breaks. He said: "The country Is
rough aud it Is almost impossible to
follow a trail. Wo propoae, however,
to prosecute the search for the reue
gadea as vigorously as possible and
hope to b rewarded with success. "
Kansas City, Deo. 26. The heavy
rain of last week caused many wash
outs and did great damage to rail
roads iu Southwestern Missouri, Ar
kansas aud Indian territory. The Fort
Soott, A Memphis, the Pittsburg A
Uulf. the Missouri Pacific aud the Iron
Mountain were the greatest sufferer.
All these hue were compelled lo lay
new track in place aud traffic ha beeu
The righting at Kellonn.
Berlin. Deo. 20. Tbe Fraukfort Zel
lung publishes a dispatch from Con
stantinople saying there haa beeu fierce
fighting at Zeitouu between the Turk
ish troops, who surrounded that city,
aud the insurgent Armenians, who de
tended it Both stiles are aald to have
suuerea irigniiuuy. me lurk were
10,000 strong and had twenty-four
pieces of artillery. The Armenians
numbered 15,000, but had no artillery.
pert of t'ahan lrf-nl -unMrmed.
Madrid, Dec 26. A dispatch from
Colon, province of MaUnsa. Cuba,
ooufirms the report that Spauisb troop
routed 4,000 insurgent on th Cal
men river. Oue hundred of the
enemy were killed.
Th Stat Teacher Association will
meet In Portland tbe first weak of th
DOVELOPMENT OF NORTHWEST
Illeeovery of Coal laOrant Connty-Tbe
Oold Yield of Josephine Couoty la
Larger Than for Many Years -Keel
Koolanal Oil Kacllement-Oregon.
Long Creek bal been having great re
ligion revival. Over 100 con veralom
Mutton sheen are being purchased in
Southern Oregon for Portland market
for from 11.25 to $1.60 per head.
The discovery of ooal In great
abundance In Orantoounty ia reported.
It I lignite in character. If true, the
extenilon of the railroad to the mine
in the near future li probable.
The outhern part of Josephine ooun
tv will yield more goia un acnauu
than for man? Tear past Old ininui
r0 being operated that have lain idle
for long time, and everything poiui
toward a revival of the mining luaus
Some year ago rrana Dtkum, oi
Portland, procured from Europe I
larire number of nightingale songster
which were turned loose through the
state. They are laid to be thriving
and are now in district where they
are seen for the nrat timo.
Railroad rnmori are rife on the
Lower Klamath. A party of seven or
eight men were discovered last week
from Eureka with traniita, level and
all the apparatu neoeasiry for making
a nraliininarT urvev. After a few
day they returned to Eureka.
The following ii given aa Oregon'!
gold yield by oountle for 1894: Uaker,
447,095.72; Henton, f2,045; Coo,
106,853.77; Crook, 1,050; Curry,
H.800; Douglai, 870,879.88; Grant,
128,858.09; Harney, $1,600; Jackson,
107.646; Josephine,$143,676.6i; laun,
1:12.600: Linn. $2,000; Malheur, $13,-
600; Marlon, $982.88; Union, $1,-
009,070; total, $3,2)8,856 43.
A Umatilla comity Ft' t-kinun says
that it look worite for stockmen in
that section than any time for a great
many years. There i no gran ou the
range, n iug to the dry summer, and
there wai no hay to ipeak of grown on
the upland. There I no bunch graaa
at preseut and they cannot sell any
cattle or ibeep a they are too poor for
beef or mutton. He believes that
large number of cattle, horses and
hoop will itarve thil winter. It ia re
ported in the shoep diatrict that the
cab ia ipreading.
The oeiwus roll of Wallowa county
oame to band In the secretary of itate'i
office, aud a cursory inapection of its
oon tent reveal the following facta to
the credit of that distant "pocLet
borough:" With a total population of
8,080, ahe ha 1,175 legal voters; wood
835,190 pound; aheep, 63,902; hogi,
4.215: horse. 7.650: mule, 80; oat
tie, 15,095; aore of laud in oultiva
tion, 35,187; wheat raised, 115,685
buahols; oats, 78,880; barley and rye,
70,223; corn, 674; hay, 20,639 tons;
butter aud cheese, 71,005 pounds; po
tatoes, 81,992; buahol apple, 9,960
buaheia; prune and plums, 1,149
bushels; poultry, 1,080 doceu; baoou
85,800; pouuds; gold, 40 ounoei, and
926,000 feet of lumber.
The flouring mill at Asotin bai been
destroyed by tire with a losa of $0,t00.
Hillyard has at last been declared in
oorporated by the commissioners of
A brick building
Walla Walla. It
a bottling works.
has been begun in
will be used for
is bidding for a
scouring mill and cloth factory. One
of her citizens has gone East to inter
An organised effort ii being made
among the ihlnglo manufacturer! in
! Eastern Washington to close the mills
down for two months so aa to strengthen
prices in Eastern markets. Various
' oounty asooiationi are being organised
! and it I believed the movement will
The fate of the state capltol buildiug
is to be in the hands of the supreme
court Preparation for legal formali
tiea are now iu progress, on aocout of
tho passage of the following resolu
tiom by the itate capltol commiaiou
Wheraa, It appear to the state oapitol
commission that the said commission
can dispose of the warrants on the
"state capltol buildiug fund" for the
fullamuutof the unexpended appropri
atiou for the aald state capltol at
par lu cash issued ou the letting of the
ooutract for the superstructure of the
oapitol building for which bida are or
will be invited, aud that by so doing
the completion of the said bnilding
wholly aud solely from said "state
oapitol fuud" and wthout resort to any
other fuud of the alate la insured, and
the contract price for the said letting
can be reduced several thousand dol
lars and the said sum saved to the state,
aim without so doing said ooutract can
uot be let: therefore b It resolved,
That on the letting of the ooutract the
commission, with the consent of the
contractors, issue to the auditor its oer
tlflcate or certificates, directing the u
ditor to issue warrauta on Die state
oapitol building fuud payable to the
orvler of the contractor, to be Indorsed
by the ooutractor, aud to be delivered
a so Indorsed by the auditor iu ex
chauge for cash at not less than par,
said certificate or certiflcste aud war
rant to be for turn or sum not ex
oceduug the amouut of the appropri'
tion still nnexxpeuded; aald mouey
realised by the commission from the
said warrants to be held by the state
treasurer solely to be disbursed upon
certificate lined by the board upon and
with voucher duly presented, passed
upon, examined aud allowed In th
method proivded In section 14 of chap
ter 138, law of 1893. certifying that
the service have been rendered aud
material furnished, and that the per
son therein named Is entitled to be
paid the amount therelu named, and
aid certificates to be audited and al
lowed by the tat auditor. The in
prom oourt will be asked to pass upon
the legality of th action which th
above resolution call for, and 11 la un
derstood that an effort will be made to
have thl matter mad a special fee
rare and acted upon at once. In th
I opinion of Assistant Arvorsny.Osnsrsl
James A. Haight, tba Immediate aj
of tba warrant for cash oan be legally
made. The state land commission nas
invested $160,000 of th permanent
uhool fund in atate wrrnt. ini
amount, together with the inm already
invested in oounty bona ana me
amount drawing tntereit on oontract to
nnmhasa school land, will mans we
whole inm of the permanent fund now
drawng iDterest sbont $2,000,000.
ft.. rttir Coal A Coke Company
are going to put in a $22,000 electrical
plant (t Great Fall lor lignimg pur
pose. The eion Jmt closed ba been a
fairly profitable one to the cattlemen
of Montana. Over 147,000 head were
hipped over the Great Northern road
aud the average price wai $35 per bead.
Uartman want an In
dian industrial school opened at Keogh
reservation at Mile ICty and want
$75,000 for that purpose, $10,000 of
wblob is to be used lor buildings.
Otin hundred and fifty men are at
work at Clancy preparing the grounds
and foundation for the buildings to be
erected there for the use of the Great
Northern railroad. A iteam plow tl in
operation there ndthe workb l pro
It is calculated by the most con
servative business men of Butte that
the present payroll for labor alone in
that Damn exceed the enormous sum of
$800,000 per month. That um of
money ii sufficient to maintain and
k-D booming city four time the
present size of Butte.
The capltol building commissioners
expect soon to establish the validity of
tho warrant issued by tne Doaro, ana
will then make an effort to dispose of
them to the banker! of tbe state. Sev
eral prominent baukeri have already
ibown a disposition to aooept the war
rant at pur, provided they are valid,
tbe commissioners say.
The railroad mileage of tbe state is
nearly 1,000 mile.
Idaho bas 718,839 cheep, which are
aaesed at $1 per bead.
Tbe contractor of tbe Mink creek
canal have accepted one piece of the
work, and have just let another con
J. F. Oaffuey,- the receiver of the
bank of Guuessee, bas taken charge of
tbe defunct institution. Tbe assets
and liabilities of the bank have been
invoiced by the sheriff.
An electric light plant i to be
erected at Canyon creek for the purpose
of supplying light at Uurke and Gem
and intermediate point. Water
power will be used from Canyon creek.
Til new city of Ne Perce is making
rapid progress. At present there are
eight or ten buildings in tbe course of
erection. Contract have been made by
person who have leased the saw mill
to deliver 1,000,000 feet of lumber to
the town site by January 1. About
twenty buildings have been erected so
far. but further progress bas been re
tarded owing to the oold weather.
A new sawmill ba been built at
A ameltar oompauy bas been organ
ized to oommenoe operation early lu
the year at Grand Forks. Tbe plant
will be similar to that now being erect
ed at Trail
Tbe most prosperous and phenomenal
salmon run In the history of the Sound
ii the record of this season, aud the
end is not yet in sight The amouut
of salmon taken from the waters even
at thla time surprises the oldest iu
The surface indimtlnns in the oil
field iu East Koou-uai are oonsidered
good. Two different qnalities of oil
avo been obtained. On Kishneeua
creek, a short distance north of the In
temationul boundary line, black oil
similar to the Pennsylvania and Ohio
oils, is fonud. But on Sage crock
some eight mile north, there ii fouud
an oil that 1 nearly pure, of a light
yellow color, which will burn In
lamp a It ooiue from the ground,
Close by there i natural gas escaping
from bedrock which bums freely ou
igultiou. Some of the oil sent to the
geological museum at Ottawa, caused
considerable excitement aud oommeut,
aud waa pronounced a fraud ou ao'
count of it purity.
The new hospital to be erected on
Douglas island will be begun the first
of the year. The contract for the gov
eminent school house has been let and
work will oommenoe about March 1
Application bas been made for tbe
oharter of a railroad from the Columbia
river to the Kettle river couutry. The
Canadian Paoiflo is standng back of the
enterprise. This will mean much to
the Danger creek district nd In fact to
all tbe mining region of th Columbia.
The grand jury recently indicted
forty-four saloonmen in Juneau, Dong-
laa City and Sitka for having violated
the organio act which prohibits the
ale of liquor in Alaska. This ia the
first time any grand jury in the tor
ritory ha indicted person for selling
liquor. Tbe jury petitioned tbe na
tioual government to repeal the issu
ance oi liquor license, or else permit
regularly licensed dealer to transact
business without fear of prosecution.
At present the dealer are licensed by
the government and then indicted and
prosecuted for sailing lntoxloaut.
Ta Form aa American I'nlnn.
Washington, Dec 14. A meeting
I the state departmeut today between
Secretary Olney aud the minister of
Veneiuela, Mexico aud Uratil is under
stood to have involved Important con
siderations aftecting our South and
Central Ameiroan relations. Although
the matter has not yet taken a definite
official form, there is reason to believe
all the republic of Sonth and Central
America will communicate officially to
the Uuited State their heartr approval
of the enunciation of the Monroe doc
trine, made by the president aud Mr.
Olney. It is understood that serious
consideration I being glreu by South
nd Central American diplomats to an
international convention, to be attend
ed by all the republic of North and
South America, somewhat similar to
the Pan-American conference, but with
view of a political, rather than a
commercial alliance, on th general
line of th Monroe dootlrn.
A DIPLOMATIC WAR
COMMENTS FROM ALL SOURCES
x-- i Anm niuiia Bars a.ngmuu
A U .
Kamaln Firm. Be tbe Consequences
What They May-Tbe Altitude
i-.n..nala One of gelf-Protectlon.
. a i - i.L a '
Piew iui, w " '
the Herald from Valpariso .ay.: Chi e ,
.v,i..u (. wnnffhlv conservative in it .
New York, Deo. 24. -A oispawu
policy ai a republic, ii greatly inolined
to hold the view of Great Britain on
the Venezuelan question. It 1 thought
that the Brtiish government nai ouiu
Ing to fear as to the outcome of tbe
dispute. Leading men m an ciru
i.r .Will criticise the interprets-
uva v r ...
tion put npon the Monore doctrine oy
tbe United State.
Ulas Inclines to Be Interviewed.
Mexico, Deo. 24. President Diax,
In an interview today on rresiueu
Cleveland' message said:
"While 1 am. of course, a partisan
of the Monroe doctrine, properly under
stood, I do not think I should give the
press an opinion on It application io
the question pending between Great
Britain and Venezuela.
New York, Dec. 24. A dispatch!
from Caracas say: In an interview on
President Cleveland's message, J'resi-1
deut Crespo said be wa preparing a ;
personal letter of thauki to President ,
Cleveland. He added: ,
"The attitude of Venezuela ana oi
her executive bead upon the boundary
question in Onlana will always be one
of self-protection, ine repuuiiowni(
uphold right that properly may be re
garded a her at all hazard. Y resi
dent Cleveland and myself were both
a one in losiug aud in regaining
power, aud certainly it soem ai if we
were oue In destiny ana action.
. , UHKOON aunTAHLait vauuaga, r;
France Friendly to England. j per lb; ladislies, 10c per dozen bunches.
Paris Deo. 24.-A11 the newspaper i V"n onions, 10c ; cauliflower, $1 pir
raris, ueo. a. " u , , dozen; tomatoes, 50tfl00c per box.
which comment today on President , CAU'roBN14 VsosTABLgs-Garlic. ws
Cleveland' message and the obw-; 8(310c pound; arti-chokes, 85c per
queut action of the United States con-; . ,prouta, $1.35(3160; cauliflow
great support the stand taken by Great ; er 2 75 per crate, $1 per dozen. '
Britain and protest that Monroeism is Fassii rauiT Pears, Winter Nellie,
not and cannot be a principle of inter-1 $1 per box: cranberries, $U11.60pei
national law. Figaro asks: "Why j barrel; luncy apples, $1(31 50; common,
.hnnM h TTnited Mutes refuse other
power the right of defending their in
terests in Ameirca when tney tnem
elve Intervened in Turkey without
ny one thinking of opposing them?"
The Argentine Kepnblle.
New York, Deo. 24 A dispatch to
the Herald from Buenos Ayres says:
The general topio of discussion here in
official and business circles i the ener
getio messago of President Cleveland
on the Venezuelan boundary question.
Outside of the English colony, who re-
card the message ai a mere threat, the
reception of it interpretation of the
Monroe doctrine is enthusiastic. Gen -
eral Mitre aayithat he has always been
in hearty aiord with the principle.
enunciated lu the doctrine and that he
can ay that the same view ia held by
the acting president of Argeutinia
The Nacion say that the support of
all South Amerieau republic should be
given to the United States.
La Prensau says that the United
-tates having formally and firmly de- nll)Ka. Dry hides, biu-her,' lotind,
clared her iuteution In regard to Eu-; per pound, 111L'c; dry kip and calf
ropoan iiiterventiou on the American skin, 10(3llc; culls, 3c fcsB; salted, 60
continent, South America should ex- j lls and over, 60'cj 60 to 00 lbs, 6c;
press its full sympathy with the great ' 40 nJ 40 i klP lJ 8kins
Kngllsh Treaa omment.
Loudon, Dec. 24. Commenting upin
the Venezuelan question the newspa
pers generally agree that the situation
is morn ferious than they thought it
yesterday. In the public mind, also,
there ia a general feeling of disappoint
ment at the action of congress.
The stock exchange here and ex
changes throughout the country con
tinue under the influence of the diffi
culty. At the same time, there is no
Pall Mall Gazette's money article
ays: "Of course, whatever happens,
America will lose credit over the
affair. It ia particularly inopportune,
when mauy of her railways need
The Globe, newspaper supposed to
be ou terms of intimacy with the gov
ernment, gives warning that Great
Britain will remain firm, saying:
'President CheMeaud may appoint a
dozeu commissioners, but Eulgaud will
remain firm in her refusal to recognize
them, and jurisdiction of this sort.
Thi ii our unalterable position, be the
oonscqueucea what they may. We will
uever submit to such unparalleled dic
tation." The Globe is also irate at the recent
utteranoes of Dr. Chauncey M. Depew,
especially his references to the easy
tnauuer in which the United States
oould couquer Canada, remarking:
"The overwhelming naval strength of
England, would enable her to pour
troops iuto Canada at any sight of dan
ger. Small warships could be sent to
the Lakes, and Chicago, Detroit aud
would be utterly at their
Only a Wordy War.
Terra Haute. Dec 24. Ex-Secretarv i
of the Navy R. W. Thompson, in com-
mentmg on the president's meassge to
oougress, said that he doe not think
there ii a remote chance of war with
Eugland. There ia no probability of
the two English soeakina- cinl. nf
speaking neonle of
the world iroing to war about a little
strip of territory alongside of Vene
zuela. "It will be a war of diplomacy,"
he said. "Both countries will de
mand an exhibition of power and pur
Doee. but the cmitrnrnnr will V.
tltel by peaceful methods. Neither
nation i prepared to no to war. and
neither waut a war as a result of this
quarrel over a boundary line.
not necessary for cither to
show tha.lt I. not cowardly. Each'
know the other will fight, but each Is
too far advanced in ciivlixatiou to be I
the aggressor in bringing on a war on 1
The Sauthera Tarine ntTlriend.
New York. Dec 26.-The announce-
- - -vm ujvi u g auiuo win pay,
January J. to itockholder of the Cen-
tral 1'soifio, a under
emi annnal dividend of u nf i ..!i
A good holidav demand haa sprung up
for tropical and freih fruit and certain
kind! of fancy grocerie. A carload ol
Grange, arriiea and met with ready
ale at the eatabliibed quotation. Other
kindi of produce are unchanged in price.
Eggi are arriving freely; Groceriei and
provision are last quoted.
The tone of the market is wek and
Export quotations o
- ra oiven as fo owi: wan au,
JJ Jgo per bushel.
. ... r,.i..i c.um r..liaand '
rJT" .rr." f T,urr:Tbael:
Uolddrop, 2.80; bnownane. s.oo, oeu-
ton county, 2.00; graham, $2.20; upei '
: nna n .no.
I Oats Good white are quoted weak, ai
1 24c: milling, 28430c; gray, 20g21c.
i Kolled oat are quoted aa follows : Bugs
: 14.25(26.25 : barrel. $4.60irf7.00: case,
3.26. . .
Hat Timothy, $9.00 per ton j cheat,
fAUO ; clover, 0(a 7 ; oat, to(g0.50 ; wheat,
BiaLgy Feed barley, $14.50 per ton;
MiLLBicrya Bran. $11.60; short.
$13.00; middlings, $10(f 18 j rye, 76g80c
r- .. 1- r. .... t ... I al
27 "nc; fancy dairy, 22ic; fair to good, ;
DCTTga rsncy creamery in i(uiiku
l7U.c: common. lOi Der bound.
Potatoks New Uregon, 2540c pel
sack; sweets, common, 2,'6c; Merced,
Vi pr pound.
Onions Oregon, 60370c per cental.
Podltby Chickens, old, $2(o 2.50 pel
dozen; young, $2 00io2.60 per dozen;
ducks, $3.O0(u3.60; geese, $; turkeys,
live, DglOo per pound; dressed llttf
loo Oregon, 22'gC : Kastern, 20c
Ciisksx Oregon full cream, D,'v10.
per pound; hall cream, 6(4 7c; skiui, ii
5c; Young America, lOy lie.
Thopical t BCIT California lemons,
$5.50(j.00j choice, $4.60(36.60; t-icily, :
0.60; bananas, $2.25fj3.00 pet bunch
California navels, $3.603.76 per box
pineapples, $o($0.5O per dozen.
i " F"
Dried Fruits Apples, evapoated,
bleached, 3,1(34cj sun-dried, Si (3 4c j
un-evaporaled, 6(3 'kj.
Wool Valley, 11c, per pound; East
ern Oregon, 7(3Uc. j
Hops Choice, Oregon 47c peri
pound; medium, neglected.
Not Almonds, soft shell. 9 (3 11c
paper shell, lOllc; new
ll(tl2U.c: standard walnuts. 10(411c:
13M 10c: Brazils.
14(3l6c; peanuts, raw, faury, 0(3 7c; j
roasted, 10c; hickory nuts, tttl0c; co- I
' coanuts, 00c Der dozeu.
; Provihions Eastern hams, medium, i
; U)t12c per pound; bans, picnic,
'ii!c; breakfast bacon "'12c! j
wl3c. iard, pound, in tins. 7S5 ; !
! ard( purei , tlnSi ibioc, pigs' feet,
ItjOs, $3.50; pigs' feet, 40, $3.26; kiu,
I $1.25. Oregon smoked lums, 12c pel
j pund ; pickled hams, 8)c; boneless,
'ami, 10c; bacon, c; dry lalt Bides, 8c ;
Puf.d Pa"8- 8:i tt
, VL '!, .1
, 10 to 30 lbs, 4c; calhkin, sound, i
to 10 lbs, 6c; greet, unsalted, lt
less; culls, l-2c less; sLeepskins, shear
lings, 10(3 16c; short wool, 20(3 30c;
medium, 30u$40c; longwool, 50(g70c.
Salmon. Colombia river No. 1, tails,
$1.26(31.60; No. 2, tails, $2.26(32.50;
fancy, No. 1, flat, $1.76(31.85; Alaska,
No. 1, tails, $1.20(31.30; No. 2, tails, $1.90
Scqab Golden 0, 4Vc; extra C, 4c;
dry granulated, 6V4'c; oibe crushed and
powdered, 6c per pound ; -4c per pound
discount on all grades lor prompt cash ;
half barrels, lAc more than barrels:
maple sugar, 16u$10c pur pound.
Corrss-CoBta Kica, 22323Jc ; Rio. 2C
(322c; Salvador, 2.(3 21V; Mocha,
2V(g31c; PadangJavi. 30c; Palembang
Java. 20(328c; Lahat Java, 23t26c; Ar
buckle' Mokaska aid Lion, $22.30 pe
100-pound case; Cotombia, $22.29 pel
Coal Steady ; dtmeetic, $5.00(37.61
per ton; foreign, $8oOtill.OO.
iJgANs Small wlite. No. 1. Si
pound ; butter, 3c; bayou, 2c ;
Cordage Manila rope, l-ineh, it
quoted at ol4'c audSisal, 6'c per pound
Baos Calcutta, 4 'c.
Kica Island, $4.60i35 per sack; Ja
Bixr Gross, Up steers, $2.50(32.60;
1 mo HBteer8', f60320; cow
pound dreMd beef, 45c per
.or6'0"' be8t sheeP- f ethers,
$2.00(32.25; ewes, $2.00; dressed mut
ton, 4c per pound.
VgAL-Dressed, small, eOc; large, 8
4c per pound.
. Hoos tiroes, choice, heavy, $3.00(3
S.WJ iglit and feeders. 12.50 d2.7fi
SAN FRANCISCO MARKETS
FtoDa-Netcash prices: Familv ex
, tras, $3.35(33.45 per barrel; bakers'
j tras, $3.153.25; superfine, $2.35(d2 80
i Barley reed, fair to good, 66i.c
! W.S'c; brewing, 72i80c.
! . ". Q. 1 suinping. HSVc nnreil .
choice, $1 00;
mining, $1.068 1.07.S
on? T ,Millin. ,"075c; surprise,
..rw o lair.
v-tc, gray, 00(,00.
Hors guotable at 57e per pound,
Potatoes- wew,. fi.rsaa; Bi
; Oregon, 4((470e
' rAH".:?"-ioo,, 10 tboice
choke. Mil- : h2.:T,!r.i .''
: short. i.r..'ii.ri'rtv?."r r""r
nionntain, light and free 6(7c
Bcttkr Fancy creamery, St aV
JfnJ. 2232:c; fancy dairy, 2l322,"i-!
S CUol,,t 10i3 20e. "
1 nani'U, (triple.
1 H,1 rancv, mild, new, 9111c
TVX Fll? L W
Duke of LeeU
London. IW o n
IT. "-.-ueorge c. Os-
i;::r" nnuau 0f Lee,;
iue uinia auk
lMd, igd si
THE FRUIT PESTS
SECRETARY TONNESON GIVES
' A Very Destructive Pear-Bool Test I,.
covered In California-Official Bulla,
tins and Warning to HortleulturUu
Oenaral Farm Information.
I Profesior C. V. Piper, of tha Pull-
man, Wain., expeirmental station, hat
I just issued Bulletin No. 17, treating of
insect pesti oi tne garoeu, larm ana or-
chard. , ThU I a vital ubject and de
server extreme watchfulness on the
of horticulturists. The Bulletin
That nearly all onr common de
structive insect have been introduced
from other itutes, and that such of
them a are nutive are for the most
part the same or closely related specie
to those that have loug been itudied
and com bu ted in other states.
Tbe term injurioni ni applied to In
sects is a relative oue. Those insect
are commonly culled injurious that dam
age plants, animal or stored product
useful to man. On the other hand,
those Insects that tend to destroy weed
or noxious animal are indirectly bene-
flea 1. Among the most useful of in
sects are the ladybngs. Both In the
i adult and larval ituges, ladybugi de
troy a great number of plant lice,
young scale insects and other soft-
t bodied form. Scaorely less efficacious
is the golden-eye, or luce-wing fly, a
'beautiful pale green insect, that de
stroys plant lice. Several disease
caused by low fungus plants also do
stroy many Insects, especially in wet
seasons. While beneficial insect and
diseases do much to keep down the num
ber of thejests, yet they are not equal
to the task set before them. : Hence tbe
necessity and value of insecticide
The bulletin Is fully illustrated and
tbe life and hi stores of the injuiroui
Insects are given, a well a the most
Approved method of fighting them
Necessity or Spraying.
At the recent meeting in Walla
Walla of the Northestern Fruit Grow
ers' Association, 0. A. Tonneson, sec
retary of the State Board of Horticul
ture of Washington, read , an import
ant paper in which be said:
"To be a successful fruitgrower,
spraying and other mean of prevent
ing tbe attacks of fruit pests must be
employed from the stage of first plant
ing the trees. More than tbii, the
work must be began in tbe nursery.
With the great possibility before the
fruit growers of tbe Pacific Northwest,
we cannot be too particular aoont
: '- v-, . irunnu u, u.
tcrial in connection therewith from all
"In each of the states of Oregon,
Washington aud Idaho aud the prov
ince of British Columbia, both infected
nursery trees and frnit have been con-
domned and destroyed under tho direo
j tion of the boards of horticulture.
During this dormant season many
! negligent orchnrdists hare been served
I by official notice to spray or disenfect
infested trees within a certain limit
I of time. In one oouuty of the state
'of Washington 130 notices have been
servea, requiring orensrus to do
sprayed before Juuunry 1, 1890.
Clean and thrifty trees can be pur
chased at as low rates as those infested
with any fruit pests. Tbe cost of labor
and material necessary to keep a clean
ly started orchard free from the attack
of these serious enemies is a very nom
inal part of the expense of fruit rais
ing. As fruit growers, we must make
it a part of our duty to buy only those
plants and trees which bear sufficient
guarantee by official inspectors after
being fumigated that they are free
from serious pests or plant diseases.
We must make the work of spraying
a regular part of orchard cnltivation
aud obey rules and regulation of our
boards of horticulture refusing to let
any fruit boxes or packages once used
for fruit to come on our premises un
less the same has been thoroughly dis
infected, and we must make it onr
duty to notify any fruit post inspector
or his deputy of any violations of tha
law or of established rules and regu
lations whioh may come within our
"An orohardist in the western "part
of Washington ha reported to the
board of horticulture that on a single
Northern Spy apple tree was produced
twenty-five bushels of apple that sold
readily at f 1 per box as a -result of
using the Bordeaux mixture a di
rected for the scab.
Summarized, the difference in the
value of spraying and . not spraying ia
about as follows: Average oost of
oombating insect posts, including
Boale, aphis, condlin moth or scab, at
130 per tree, or eighty tree per acre,
9.60. Increased valne of average
frnit crop protected from onudlin moth,
scale or scab, $1 per tree or $80 per
acre, a net increase of 88 per cent
We can't afford not to spray, but we
must be at work now, applying the
lime, sulphur and salt solution as
thoroughly compounded, as hot and
rapidly as opportunities will permit
and l bilo purchasing our pump we
ahall be prepared for codlin moth
and scab in the spring when the work
must continue. We are watching
with great interest the work accom
plished by our ladybird. They are
destroiyng many of onr injurious in
sects, but as yet are not multiplying
rapiydly enough for dependence upon
them. The black Australian bug are
reported to have cleaned manv or-
the black scale, hnt ihnv
do not work
auniclently on the San
jose scaie to exterminate it Investiga
tions are being made to discover some
natural enemy which shall prove ade
quate for the destruction of this scale,
but until found, it is advisable for us
to continue with
PrJinR- tbem vigorously.
...... ww s ait auwNu iriii"
I (New York Pan.)
) Mr. Whitney has put forth a positive
I statement with regard to the Demo-
ww nomination for the presidency.
I m not a candidate and have not
been candidate and must not be con
idered la candidate," say Mr. Whit
noy. Yet if the Democratic national
convention .hould insist npon nomina
ting him, there i nothing in thla de
clension to prevent the honor being
forced upon him: and at TMt ll Vwl eVm a
and popular oandidaU h wonld mk.
iwiiugnamg hi prent refniaL