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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 20, 1890)
m i 1 1 1 11 :
EUGENE CITY GUARD.
I. U CAHfUKLU . freprleter,
EUGENE CUT. OREGON.
BOLD PETE M'CARTNEY. ,
On of the Moat llaoeeasful Crook la ths
History of Crime,
The cle ercs t tblof thai ever I had
any thing to do with while connected
with the Secret-Service Department o(
the United States Treasury Depart
ment," said Major Thomas E. Lonergan,
"was Pete McCartney. He was bora
and raised In Boutnorn Illinois, and
eould not boast any education. Yet bs
was In ever; sense a picturesque figure
Id criminal annals, lie wss the only
man I ever met who educated himself
so as to be able to do any thing oon
nocted with counterfeiting. He could
engrave a piste, make bis own Inks snd
paper and print the complete note.
McCartney had been arrested
many tlmos prior to my ar
rest of blm, and bad always managed to
escape. I raptured blm at Venice, 111-,
on Bloody Inland, the famous old duel
Ing ground it that section of the coun
try, which wa a littlo north of EastSt
Louis. Th . was la the rail of 1871. 1
took McCartney to Kprlnirfleld and
turned him over to United States Mar
shal Routt, who wa-i afterward (jovernor
of Colorado. McCartney wai charged
with counterfeltim: United States
money, and committed to jail In default
of '0,000 bulL Negotiations went en
tered Into by the Treasury Department
that McCnrtney should turn up certain
plates for counterfeiting notes, and that
in return his ball should be reduced to
$23,000. The agreement was carried out
on both slden. McCartney gave up the
plates and f HO, 000 In counterfeit money.
He had to go to Decatur, I1L, where be
bad burled It, to dig It up.
"During tho time that this notorious
counterfeiter wss out on ball be was ar
rested In St Louis and was scrlouitly
shot In the fracas that followed the at
tempt to arrest blm. While In Jail on
crutches he broke out and left, taking
with blm four other counterfeiters who
were confined st the same time. A few
weeks subsequently he wss again arrest
ed In Texas. A big reward bad beon
offered for his capture. The sheriff who
secured blm telegraphed for the United
States oftlulaU to come and take posses
sion of him. To make bis escape Im
possible this shorlff and bis posse
camped out all night with McCartney,
but be got away before morning.
Ho was again arrotted shortly after
this by snother Texas sheriff.
To secure blm ofloctually this time
this ofllolal manacled McCartney's arms
and legs ana started for Austin. When
the train . reached Austin McCartney
bad made bis escape. During the war
be was arrested on some charge In In
diana and taken to Washington heavily
Ironed, band and foot Ho escaped
from custody by throwing blmiolf out
of the oar window as the Pennsylvania
train was passing Horseshoe Bend.
This Is the most dangerous point on the
whole road. Ho dislocated his shoulder,
but suffered no other injury. Finally
be was oapturod In Indiana, convicted
and sent to the penitentiary at Michi
gan City. He is an old man now, but
In bis best dsys was one of the most
Slippery fellows that t ever heard of.
, HCW (O LIVE LONQ. - f
Oliver Wemleil Holmes' Cnlqne Preaerlp
One of my prescriptions for longevity
may star U 9 you somewhat It Is this:
become tho subject of a mortal disease.
Let halt a dozen doctors thumpyou, and
knead you, and tost you In every possi
ble wsy, and render tholr verdict that
you have an Internal complaint: they
don't know exactly what It Is, but it will
certainly kill you by and by. Tbon bid
farowoll to the world and shut 'yourself
np for an Invalid. If you are three-score
years old when you begin this mode of
life, you may vory probably last twenty
years, and there you are an octoge
narian. In the mean time, your friends
outside have been dropping off, one
after another, until you find yourself
almost alone, nursing your mortal
complaint as If It were your baby, bug
ging It and kept alive by It If to exist
Is to live. Who has not seen cases like
this a man or a woman shutting him
self or herself up, visited by a doctor or
a succession of doctors (I remember
that onco, In my earlier oxperlenoo, I
was the twenty-seventh physician who
had been consulted), always tsklng
medicine, until every body was
reminded of that impatient speech
of a rolstlve of one of those
Invalid vampires who live on the
blood of ttred-out attendants: "I do
wish sho would get well or tomtthinQt
Persons who are shut up In that way,
conlned to their chambers, sometime!
to their beds, have a very small amount
of vital expenditure, and wear out very
little of tholr living substance. They
are like lamps with half their wicks
picked down, snd will continue to burn
when other lamps have used up all tholr
olL An Insurance office might make
money by taking no risks except on
lives of persons suffering from mortal
diseaae. Oliver Wendoll Holmes, In
The eastern boom, I mean tbs boom made
by eastern people with money, has started up
some of th old dead bidiuti lea of California.
With ths easy progress of civilisation the
good old Industry of lying had almost, died
out It got iluxvuragttl, and so many wonder
ful things hail happened elsewhere that It was
bard fur tbs CaliCorniaii Imagination to uieet
the necessities. It wss easier to givs up lying
'to strangvrs altogether, for even tlis most un
traveled easterner could ring the bell on the
California guiile or stag driver. Tbsae
gentry are now awakeulug from their
lethargy and beginning to make ths Yosemite
and other trips lively. A friend of mine
from ths east bos just eeme bark from the
Yosemite and he relates bis exjiertonce, The
stage driver found out that be was seriously
afraid of snakes and immediately procsadod
So make his hair aland on eud.
"Venomous rtilet You bet I donl
know what reptiles is, but them snake, you
can just bet your life, la venomous, Why,
one day I waa aromlu' down hers di-ivln' a
wagon, when I catelies sight of a snake U
the brush, all ready for a spring, lly bona
starts an' I whips W up fast to clear the
snake, dont you aes, afore bs could spring.
II makes one clear siriug, the soaks does,
an' bs misers the borers.
"That was lucky but you you"
Luck j I You bet your Ufa it was lucky.
He missed tbs horses, ths anaka did, but he
stark his fangs dean through the wagon.'
You don't say I"
I do ssy, and niebbs roa wont bailers It j
but it's fact. He stuck bis fangs dean
through that wsjon, an' It swelled up so
bail that we had to leave it by the wayside
and take the bones borne. " Francisco
- '- - 1 1 I
IF I WERE THE CZAR.
If I were the Ctar,
f wouldn't si lid to Siberia
Ererjr man 1 eould find whom I thought my
Wouldn't aJlooli ths lips of mj best mea of
Flos woman 'o death, and put old mea la fet
ters: And I wouldn't rids sround in a powder proof
It I were ths Ctar.
If I were tbs Cxar,
t would rule ao benlirnlr
That men would all ssy: "Why, you're doing
For I'd drive sll the mea who asy.ln hot weather I
"la this boteooughr la the river loseiber;
And I'd let them oool off while I flssledi "Ha
If I were ths Cisr.
If I were ths Csar,
And emild rule arbitrary.
And Impose mj oommands upon Tom, Dick and
I would drive a sharp, sllok and slsug blaring
Blfht through ths left ssr of my flate-plsying
And thea earry his aeslp oa my trlumfehsl car,
If I wars ths Csar.
If I were ths Ctar '
And t wanted to snore.
And mv Ore o'elook neighbor got out his lawn
mower, And went rattling around while bis neighbors
rd gtvs blm right up to my constable's keeping,
Aod tell him to bruise him, and baolah blia far
U I wars ths Usar.
If I were ths Cxsr,
f would make oeonle like me.
And not try to shoot me, snd slap ms and strike
Hut tbs fatally fluent I told-you so-fellow,
I'd run through a wringer until bs waa mellow,
And send him back home, C. O. D., to bis Da,
It I were the Csar. i
V I were the Csar, ''
rd adjudge, with good rue-on.
All men who talk tariff aa guilts of treason.
And that cruel musloal monster, the Nero,
Who whistled "McUlaty" should follow his
Bs should go no0 snd down where the white
II I were ths Ctar.
-a W. rose, In Yankee Blade.
Suooesa Game from an Un
"Sprlggs Is to work now on something
fur weavln' silk, they say," remarked
Jim Bates, as be out a fresh quid of to
bacco. "That's the tenth machine he's
Invented that I can think of, to say
notbln'of the cyclometer and boss-rake
that didn't work, an' the durned wagon-
iack moat of us wss fools enough . to
end blm money on. I hain't bad any
faith in Inventions slnoe then, I can
'"Twas that trick of flying up an'
kitting you In the face as soon as It got
a little out of order killed that," re
flected the store-keeper. "He'd ought
to be'n made to pay damages fur put
ting the thing on the market An' that
powder-and-shot rat-trap that Bred off
Into Charlie Smith's leg when he forgot
It and went Into the but'ry in the dark
was jest aa bad. Tbey can talk about
'Sprlggs' Inventiveness;' It's my opinion
a man that'll spend bis time fur twenty
years over things that never bring
blm in a cent ain't any more or less
than a crank." ,'
"That's so," assented several In the
Crowd, reoolleotlons of the various times
when they, too, bad been victims of
"Sprlgg's Inventiveness" lending em
phasis to their words. But old, blear
eyed Jerry Tollea, seated In the farthest
corner of the store, roused up to shake
bis head with a confidence that all the
defective wsgon-jaoks and rat-traps In
the world could not unsettle. He be
lieved In the Inventions. He always
bad believed In them slnoe the days
when be was hired man for John
Bprlgga' father and John himself
played truant from school to stay all
day in the shop and study out wonder
ful contrivances of wood and wire. He
bad been hit in the face with the
wagon-jaok." and cut with the can
opener and kicked with the new kind
of gun) he bad given ten dollars for
John's rat-trap, and used tho alarm
clock till It burst) but bis faith In their
final success never wavered. "The
boy'll 'mount to some thin' ylt" be mut
tered, feeling in his pocket for the old
elay pipe. "He'll make his wsy In the
"If be does 'twill bo Polly that pints
It out fur him," grunted Jim Bates.
L Polly was John Sprlggs' daughter,
and. In the vernacular of tbe village,
"bad common sense enough fur ber an'
blm both." Sorogsvllle was proud cf
Polly. 'Not only was abe the handsom
est girl around, the smartest and tho
boat oook, but she was city educated.
At least she had spent six months at
tho homo of her unoleln New York, and
that amounted to the same thing.
There had been fabulous stories of Pol
ly's success In society during that stay
In the metropolis; aud though soms of
tho more skeptical In Sorogsvllle af
fected disbelief on tho subject of 'her
being Introduced to tbo mayor and par
ticipating In ths charity ball, It was tho
recollection of tbo season in New York,
oven more than ber black eyea and
stirring ways, that Inspired the neigh
bors with pride and admiration. ' '
"If it wasn't for her father's being
what bo Is, and every dollar aha earns
going to help blm along, I wouldn't say
a word against Charlie's taking such a
fancy to her," declared Mrs. Smith that
ovenlng, when her husband recounted
tho conversation at tho star. "Hut
whoever msrrles her will have to marry
blm, tool an' tho way things ar,"
and the good woman ended her sen
tence with a sigh snd firmly resolved
ot to have Polly stay at ber bouso
again, oven ltshe never bad any sewing
tone. Mrs, Smith was not tho only
careful mother who bad deemed It
prudent to resort to this extreme mess
ore; and It is highly probable sho
would havs held to the resolution bad
It not boon for tbo unexpected arrival
one washing afternoon a tew weeks
later of Mm. Latham and Mrs,
Latham'i littlo girl Mrs. Latham waa
Mrs. Smith'! cousin and lived In tho
city. Her husband waa foreman la a
shop, and Mrs. Smith bad planned to
bare baked ohlcken and cream plea and
tho front parlor open every day whoa
they cams to visit her. No wonder that
Bow. with both visitors to entertain
Denial coming ca a later train and
cake and biscuit to bo baked for tea,
lira. Smith forgot her fear lest "Charlie
should make a fool of himself" and sent
down for Polly Sprlggs. "Though I
dont know what you'll think ot my
wanting you to do housework," sho
said, anxiously, upon thst young lady's
arrival "and It you're going to take It
amiss just tell me; but with that child,
who's enough to try tho petleaoe of a
saint aaleaa she's changed tram what
she was last time, and her mother so
easy she'd let her bura tbe bouse dowa
without saying a word, I dent see what
Polly bad taken off her bat
"I bad as soon do housework l to
sew," sho replied, cheerfully. "And
It'! only two o'clock now; plenty of
time to put things in order and bave
something baked for tea. You stay in
theother room, Mrs. Binith, and leave
the kitchen work for me."
And Mrs. Smith left the kitchen with
tbo serene consciousness thst tbo bis
cuits would bo ss light, and the tea
cakes as delicately flavored, as if she
herself bsd msde them. So heartfelt
was ber gratitude, tbat half an hour
later, when tbey bad exhausted tbe sub
ject of city life, the neighbors and pleo
ing bed-quilts, she surprised her cousin
by waxing eloquent over Polly, Polly's
father and Polly'! wrongs. It took nesr
ly an hour to tell tbe story, allowing
for the interruptions occasioned by lit
tle Effle, who was of an Inquiring dis
position; but Mrs. Latham was inter
ested, and listened delightedly.
"And wouldn't It be a surprise to every
body If ber father's inventions did turn
out to be worth something, after all?"
lb! exolalmod. "Things like thst have
happened. I read of a man of tbat kind
getting twenty-five thousand dollars for
a patent once."
"He won't" declared Mrs. Smith,
shortly. "We used to think sbout It at
first (look out child, don't drop that
vase); but there's be'n more than a doz
en come to look at bis inventions, dif
ferent times, and they all agreed they
wa'n't worth the stuff tbat was put in
"1 suppose they ought to know," re
luctsntly admitted Daniel's wife.
("Effle, desr, don't cut bolos In the sofa.
I'm afraid Cousin Ann won't like it.)
And Daniel says tbat there Isn't one
thing out of a thousand like that that
pays. Butl always tb Ink of wbatralght
happen. And you know there is s
Mrs. Smith tiptoed to the kitchen
"Polly's a good girl to work, if noth
ing else," she doolsred, coming back
well pleased with the look of tho oreamy
custard and nicely-browned biscuit
"She's as quick as s flash of lightning."
"Yes, and so handsome," chirruped
Mrs. Latham. "If she was only as rich
as some of the girls that"
"Ma-ma-a!" It was a wild shriek of
terror and pain. Effle, n her endeavor
to find out where the smoke went had
stood too close to the open fl replace,
and her thin muslin apron was in a
"Help! Save berl Water! Where's
tbe water? Ob, my baby, my baby!"
shrieked the frantic mother, at that In
stant hardly less Inssne than the child,
who was running wildly about the
room. Mrs. Smith rushed into the
kitchen, screaming as she went: "Firot
Uolp! Fire! She's burning to death!"
"Who?" gasped Polly, dropping ber
armful of wood with a orash. Tbe next
Instant before Mrs. Smith hod time to
realise ber purpose, she bad rushed into
the other room, oaught the frantio child,
and wrapped her in ber woolen dress
skirt It was only for one minute. In
the next Mrs. Smith had deluged them
with water, Polly was ruefully regard
ing her burned bands, and the fire was
out But that minute made the in
ventor's daughter the heroine of Sorogs
vllle. Tbey talked about it at tbe store, and
the sewing society, and on their way to
eburch. Tbe weekly paper devoted bait
a column to a description ot tbe Inci
dent and the U. 8. 8. Association pre
sented ber wltb a copy ot "Les Misers-
bles" as a testimonial of ber valor and
courage. As for Erne's father "I'm not
a rich man," the big, broad-shouldered
meohsnto declared, whoa his wife, with
the tears running down ber cheeks, told
him tbe story "but some way or other
I'll try to make up to that girl for what
she's done for us. If there's any thing
In her father's inventing that any
amount of my work can fix Into paying
blm ordinary day wagea tor the time he
spent on It I'll find It And what's
more, ho won't hsve to reckon wltb any
thing but the gross proceeds. The ex
penses I'll pay out of my own pocket"
And that was bow tbe Investigation
commenced. From tbe flint, Sorogs
vllle people did not put much faith In It
It was a very thorough one. All John
Sprlggs' Inventions, brought from gar
ret store-room and barn, were exam
ined, taken to pieces, studied, put to
gether again, turned thla way and that
and experimented with In every possi
ble combination, nut the more Mr.
Latham worked the less hopeful he be
came. And after a week ot patient labor
bo waa forced to agree with the others
who had tried, that "the inventions
wa'n't worth the stuff they were made
of." He came into the Sprlggses' kitch
en that day, looking rather crestfallen.
"No; there's nothing In thorn," ho
said. In answer to Polly's Inquiring
glance. f'Nothlng thut I can find, and
I used to call mvsolf a (rood hand at that
sort of thing, It can't be helped. But I
wish I hsdn I said any thing about It
John Spriggs looked up from his
work with a reassuring smile. He had
been the least Interested of any one In
the Investigation. "Oh, you needn't
bo," he responded ohoerfully. "It was
very kind of you, very kind of you; but
It's hardly to be expected you'll Snd
any thing of consequence In those old
contrivances of mine. Now, this weav
ing machine when I ret the idea
worked out Mr. Latham, I wouldn't
take twenty -five thousand dollars tor
the patent" ,
Daniel rubbed hta head. "I s'p'ose
not sir. You you won't mind accept
ing a little money from me. Miss
Polly, for tho time you couldn't work on
aooount of your hands? But I'm sorry
what are you doing?"
Polly was unfastening a jar of pickles.
She turndd around. "It is a rover fa
ther Axed tor me because It was such
bard work to unwrsw the others. You
press on, this spring, you see, and it
allps right off. It's over so much easier
thsn tbe old wsy. Why, whst's tbe
She wss hardly prepared for the ex
citement' with w Inch Mr. Latham
eprang to his fr "My landl my
land! he exclaimed. "Hero you and
your father have been pattering along
for months, not knowing from one day
to auother whore the next meal was to
come from, and tight here using an la
ve a lion worth a whole fortune in Itself.
Heavens and eartht wa'nt there any
body to toll you about It?"
Mr. Sprlggs laid dowa tho wrench be
bad been using. . "Do you meaa the can
over?" bo asked, calmly. "I did think
of It but It wouldn't bo gcod for any
thing you wanted to keep air tight
"Air tight?" Interrupted tbe me
ehsnio. Alr tight? And do you mean
to say a man who's got such a taste for
Inventing machines with one thousand
tve hundred parts to them dldat know
eaeufb to out a rubber around and
sen it air tlffht fblt'i the Invention,
! Miss Polly, had 1 bet toy bottom dollar
It makes your fortune."
I "Wa-al It does beat all what luck
' some people bave," observed Jim Bates
to the usual audience at the store, a tew
months later. "Now, there's John
Sprlggs, be'n workln' furyesn at sew
lug-machines, an' cyclometers an' bait
a doxen other inventions that never
brought bim In a cent end woen De
on a can cover, that any of us could bave
fixed If we'd only thought on't he'!
offered six thousand dollar! fur tbe
patent tbo first thing. Six thousand
dollars! I wouldn't believe it if be
badn't told me so himself. 'Sprlggs'
Pstent Cans' they're going to cell
"Polly's Patent Cans, ltougbt to be,"
piped the storekeeper. "They say h 'd
never dune a thing about it if it hadn't
be'n fur Latham'! thinking of the rub
ber, an' if it hadn't be'n fur Polly be'd
never bev concerned himself with
Sprlggs' Inventions, or Spriggs either.
They're going Into partnership now, be
an' Latham, an' cackelate to make a
mint o' money. But 'twas Polly started
it In the first place."
"An' It's my opinion Polly had the
biggest Interest In It" grinned the post
master. "Her father's porvlded fur
now, an' nothln' to hinder her marryln
when she want! to; an' you can't make
me believe they're movln' Into the city
jest to be near Dan'l Latham. Not so
long as Polly's be'n wrltln' letters to
George Remington, New York City,
ever since she come from there In the
spring. Wa-al," reflectively, "it ain't
much to Invent a can cover, any way;
but I guess what credit there is to It be
longs inoro to Polly than it does to
"That's so," assented the crowd. But
Jerry Tel les, seated in the corner, paid
no attention to these dorogatory com
ments. "1 alters said the boy would
'mount to somothln' ylt" ho chuckled,
fumbling for bis pipe. Leslie's Illus
POCAHONTAS NO. Z
She Was a Cabaaeaa Beauty and Known
It Is generally known that in 1614
Captain John Smith, of. Pocahontas
fame, made a trip to what Is now
Gardiner, Mo., but there was an Inci
dent thaH occurred during that visit
that Is known by vory few people. Tho
incident in question resembles very
closely tbat of tbe Indian maiden Po
cohontas that has been banded down to
At the time of Smith's visit bore the
valley of tbe Cobbossee-contoe stream,
which at this point joins its water with
the Kennebec river, was inhabited by a
powerful and intelligent branch of In
dians called Cubassas, belonging to the
Kennebec olan, which was In turn one of
the trlbo ot Abenakles. The Cabassas
were presidod over by a chief, having
headquarters at what is now Gardiner,
known as Cubosso, who had a daughter
named Sebools, famed among her tribe
for her beauty and grace. She was, un
fortunately, smitten St once with tbe
gallant Captain, who was, by the way,
tbe first white man to visit these parts,
and who was received with great cor
diality. Smith had with bim a Lieu
tenant named Hunt who was of rather
a quarrelsome disposition and prone to
When the time came for the party of
whites to depart Hunt's mutinous spirit
showed itself, and with a small party ot
followers he left Smith, going In an op
posite direction. His party took with
them as captives several of the tribe of
The chief considering the whites one
psrty, by a great mistake followed Cap
tain Smith's loyal band, which camped
that night about four miles from the
present location of Gardiner, in an east
erly direction. Sebools thinking to
warn the Captain hurried on before the
party of enraged Indians, but arrived
too late, for as she arrived at the camp
the first volley of arrows was delivered.
Thinking to save Smith, she fled to
him, threw her arms about his neck,
and In thut position received an arrow
in tbe breast that ouused Instant death.
The chief was palsied at the accident
and ordered hostilities to cease. This
allowed Smith an opportunity to ex
plain that it was the other party thst
had perpetrated tho kidnapping.
After a sorrowful return and the
burial ot Sebools near the Randolph
church, opposite this city, tho party ot
red men went In search of Huut He
was overtaken near Norridgcwock aud
his band exterminated to s man. '
Captain Smith had the martyred Se
bools to thank for his life, for the arrow
tbat reached her heart was meant for
blm. The grave of Sebools Is unmarked;
In fact Its exact location Is unknown.
The Finest Thermometer.
"The finest thermometer in tills coun
try, and I suppose In the world, is tit
Johns Hopkins university," remarked
Lieut Finley, the government signul ser
vice Inspector. Lieut Finley inspects
a great many thermometers every your,
and bo knows something about tlieiu.
"This remarkable Instrument'" he con
tinued, "is known as Professor Row
land's thermometer, and It is valued ut
Uio enormous sum of 10,000. It is
absolutely perfect, and so fine are the
graduations on the gluss that It requires
a telescope to read them. There are n
Dumber of flue instrument! that ore
ringed with telescope!. But an instru
ment like that would be ot no possible
use to an ordinary Individual It rv
quires a scientific education in order to
read them." Jewelers' Review,
Huntington's Odd Averalaa.
Collis P. Huntington will never ride
np in an elevator hi which there is a
colored man. Tills does not arise from
antipathy to tlio colored brother, but
solely a superstition.
Mr. Huntington has been known to
wait for scvend elevators In the Mill
building sooner than go op in a esr
which carried a colored passenger.
Where tho elevator conductor b a col
ored man Mr. Huntington prefers to
walk up several flights of stain. New
I York Journal
The Ceelrleatlea Bes la Melee.
A atory comes to us about a wealthy
Maine lady who sat In a Sabbath school
tho other day when the contribution
boxes were passed. She pulled out her
pocketbook bullring with cTeenbacka
J and looked coretally through It for a
euiiwr or m uiraeL c uaure lu tuscoTcr
one, she cloned her purse, remarking,
"I ha vent anything smaller than a ten
cent piece and 1 guess I won't put in
anything today," Lowiston Journal.
THE PARIS flflfAD-APRON.
Peculiar Oarenent Wora br the Bakers'
Womra of the r'reneh Capital.
The Paris baker of world-wide fame
sends out bis bread, not In baskets and
wagons, as is tbe custom In America,
but by a woman who wears the longest
apron on record. As will be observed,
lu extraordinary length Is for a reason.
When it Is dropped down, this apron
trails on tbe ground In front of hor, and
Its utility Is as evident as Its simplicity
Is beautiful to the unaccustomed eye.
Tbe ends of this apron she ties together
forming a sack In which the bresd is
carried. There is a waist fitting over
the shoulders so that hor load, by no
means a light one, weighs upon the
shouldors and does not pull altogether
on the hips. Who invented this novel
panier au pain is not known, but it must
have been some gonlus wbo could not
afford a donkey cart and desired to
The small breakfast rolls how good
tbey are! the long and the short loaves,
the sticks of bresd so slender that they
are called "fluta," and are only crust to
be broken up In soups, are brought In
this amazing apron. Mr. Henry Bacon,
tbe artist tolls me that when be was
in the Beaux Arts studying under Cab
snel, there was a pupil there whose fa
ther was a baker, and a fine baker at
that The young fellow was tall and
thin, and they at once christened blm
In tbe school "t'lutt-av-tuvpf," snd to
this day, when they meet together to
cbat and dine, be Is ca.led by bis thor
oughly Parisian nick-name.
This sturdy woman wbo carries bresd
Is not one of the aristocrats In aprons.
She Is a sort of patient pack-horse go
ing ber rounds betimes, and too heavily
loaded to relish gossip with ber custom
ers on ber route. She seldom sees hor
clients, as she leans her loaves against
tbe door, rings snd departs. It is not
a ring which ever penetrates to the
ears of the sleepy master or mistress of
the apartment; on tbe contrary, it Is
only a gentle tinkle, an apologetic tin
kle, forsooth, for having called so early,
before any body is awake.
These bread-aprons, which are often
the property of the baker, are always
made of dark blue llnon. As they cost
twenty -flvo francs or Ave dollars apiece,
a poor working woman is not expected
to supply them any more than she Is ex
pected to furnish the bakor's shop. In
Paris, breadstuils receive a certain wor
ship not accorded the staff of 1 to In less
economical lands, and bread-making has
consequently reached the acme of per
fectiod among a poople who look upon
flour with reverence, and its produc
tions with Intimate affection. That its
transportation should be originally
conducted Is notsurprlslng. A loaf car
ried about in an apron Is no morn sin
gular than to see it tucked, unwrapped,
under a buyer's arm. or used as a cush
ion for the cold sidewalk by the urchin
who pauses to watch a top spin on his 1
way home from the baker's shop. As
the loaves have a hard and slippery sur
face, their Integrity Is preserved under
adverse circumstances, and when more
delicate substances must surely be ren
dered unfit tor human consumption.
Let fastidious people take comfort in
that thought 3ut unless one rises
very early, the akor's woman will re
main an invisible fao'or In the distri
bution ot our dally bread. Wldo
Awojce. A MYSTERY.
Tbat sunleMelay no living shadow swept
Acrcsa tbe bills, fleet shadow chasing Ugbt,
Twin of the soiling cloud; but mlsta, wool
Blow stealing ousts, on those heaved ahoul
And wrought sbout tbe strong bills while tbey
In witches' wise, snd rapt their forma from
Dreams were they leaa than dream, tbe no
And fartlimt: and tbe chilly woodland wept
A aimless day and sad: yet all the while
Within the grave greeo twilight of tbe wood.
Inscrutable, Immutable, apart,
Hearkening tbe brook, whose aong aha under
The secret birch tree kept ber ellver smile.
Strange as tbe peaue that gleams st aorrow'a
-Helen Gray Cone In Century
Filled to Work Somehow.
Mr. Billus lias a theory that his wife Is
too indulgent to trumps and beggars.
With a dimly defined purpose of tench
ing her a lesson he disguised himself the
other tiny us an abandoned vagabond,
boldly rang the bell ut his own front
door aud inquired for Mrs. Billus.
"Have you any old clothes to give a
poor man, mum?" he asked in a loud,
agcreesive, but carefully disguised voice
when the lady presented hejsolf.
Mrs. Billus looked ut the soiled, grimy,
disreputable looking object before ber
with some interest. Whether or not she
suspected the genuinenci.8 of the mendi
cant is not certainly known, but she an
swered: "None that would fit you, my good
man. My husband is a much smaller
man than you are."
Site shut the door in his face, and Mr.
Billus made his way back to bis office
"Darn it ail!" he ejaculated, as he
sneaked through a back alley, "I must
have looked a llniiklerinj; sight bigger
than 1 feel just nowl" Chicago Tribune.
t A Caae of Telepathy.
A story witli a little romance in it is
that of S, R. V of Bridgeport, Conn.,
who was returuim; from England on an
ocean steamer. One uiKht he dreamed
that his wife, who was then in Bridge
port, oihmkhI the door of his stateroom,
looked hesitatingly in and then came for
ward and kissed him. When he awoke
in the morning the man who occupied
the upper berth in bis stateroom looked
down and said: "You're a pretty fellow
to let a woman come in here in the night
and kiss you." Pressed for an explana
tion, he described the scene which he
Arrived at home, he was asked by his
wife: "Did you receive a visit from me
on such a night? I made you one. I waa
worried because'of the reported storms
that flight. I dreamed I went out on the
ocean and came upon a great, black
steatnxhip. 1 went up the side and along
the corridor and opened your door. I
saw a strange man looking at me from
an upper berth. 1 waa afraid at first,
but finally I stepped in and kissed you."
St. Louis Globe-Democrat
A Kaiaral larereeee.
Mr. Slowpay Madam. I am a repu
table drummer, and you need hare no
anxiety about this bOL
Landlady You're a drummer, and 1
appose you take tliis house for a drum.
Mr. Slowpey What do you meant
Landlady WelL you are trying to
Uat It-Sew York World.
HOW ANIMALS CHARGE.
gome of lbs Virion Wave la Which They
Attach Their Victims.
Wo are In the bablt of soetng In book!
ct travol and sport very startling illus
trations of tbe attitudes wild animals
assume when charging their human ag
gressorsattitudes which, in tbe main
and moot essential point, are most in
correct. For instance, the tiger Das me
credltof smashing in his victim'! ikull
wltb a sledge-bammer-llke blow of bis
fore-paw. Tbe elopbant Is generally de
pleted coming down like a locomotive,
with bis proboscis extended to its full
length; the bison and buffalo charging
from a distance of many yards, with
tbelr beads and borns lowered; and our
orslne friends standing upon tbelr hind
legs, always exposing tbe fiwal white
horseshoe on their hearts most conven
lontly. I should be glad, .therefore, to
bear the opinions of some ot your cor
respondents, who bave shot these larger
feriM natunt and been charged by tnem
regarding tbelr attitude when ussumlng
the offensive, for my own experlonoe is
so totally at variance with the precon
eelved notions of artists tbat 1 think
the matter may not be unworthy of pub
llo discussion through tbe medium ot
To begin wltb the feliad. I am glsd
to say that in the few Instances In
which I bave stood a charge my antago
nist never got borne; but a relative of
mine, who was very badly wounded by
a tiger, and several friends who have
not only beon in the mouths of tigers,
but of Hons, all toll me tbat tbe animal,
to use, peroaps, a homely form of ex
presslon, "came rouBt bank up against
them." The description is perhaps more
expressive than refined in language,
but I thinks conveys the Idea of an ani
mal "hurtling" up against you. In
selzlnqpthelr prey, tigers, and I believe
Hons, though wltb the Istter I bsve bad
no experience, almost invariably go for
the throat, though In one or two In
stances thst bave come under my notice
of animals killed by tigers tbey have
evidently been first ham-strung; these
probably, were tbe work of young and
inexperienced tigers. I once saw a man
charged and knocked over by a panther.
and be only saved his throat by putting
op his arm, which, as well as his shoul
der, the animal grasped with teeth and
claws. Tbe relative to whom I alluded
was seized in a similar manner, and
throe friends of mine wbo have been
mauled by tigers, one and by a lion, all
described the animal knocking them over
by sheer force ot weight before seizing
them. I think, therefore, the being
knocked over by a paw stroke Is a fal
lacy. Any one who knows any thing about
elopbants must be aware that their
trunks, and particularly the tip of tbe
trunk, is the most delicate and sensitive
part of the animal, and that he shields
It from injury by every possible means
In bis power. It is, therefore, very un
likely be would expose It in the act ot
charging. My experience, limited
though it be, points to the fact that an
elophant, once he has made up his mind
to charge, curls up his trunk tight
Bofore charging, and in order to get
wind of his adversary, he may Indeed
extend It, but once the presence of the
foe to be attaoked is detected tbe pro
boscis is put out of tbe way of possible
Bison I am talking ot the Indian
animal. Bo gaurvt and buffaloes.
when they charge, invariably poke tholr
noses up in the air and commence by
running at you with their beads well
up, much in the manner of domestlo
cattle, and only lower their horns when
within a few yards ot the object of their
attentions. This I take to be a mere
matter of common sense on the part of
the animal, for, if he put his head down
lay even forty yards away, he could not
possibly see where be was going.
Bears, when wounded, will, indeed.
often get up on their binds legs and
dance about from sheer rage, and will
! also at times do so In order to get a bet
ter view of the whereabouts of their
enemy; but when they charge, whether
1 it be at a man mounted or on foot, they
I Invariably charge on all fours.
In charging most animals give vent to
certain vocal sounds grunts or roars
i and this, it is natural to suppose, is
! dono with a view to terrifying and de
I moralizing the object they are attacking;
In fact, more often than not it is mero
bounce on the animal's part I have
, often seen tigers roar when charging
who never really meant mischief, and
who, when met by a bold front, turned
off. No doubt In the case of attacking
their fellow animals, establishing a
j "lunk" and so demoralization, these
roars may prove an aid in bringing their
victim within their grasp; but, as a rule,
j when engaged in pursuit of prey the
; ftUdm depend principally on tholr powers
of stealthy approoch, and 'only roar at
j the last moment before seizing, with a
, vlow of paralyzing morally their In-
tended victim. Land and Water.
8enatlon at a Weddlnat.
A stunning and decidedly sensational
j wedding occurred in Odessa the other
day. Maro Pogorezky led his blushing
bride to the altar. While the Russian
( priest, or pope, as he Is called, was pre-
paring to perform the ceremony. Msro
went out to get a drink, saying that he
would return in a few moments. In his
absence, however, a handsome young
stranger approached the bride and of-
; fered himself as a substitute. She im
mediately accepted him, and the pope,
who was half drunk, never noticed the
change. The ceremony was performed.
Just then Marc reappeared, refreshed
and ready for matrimony. But when
he found out what had happened be
proceeded at once to paint the church
red. He thrashed tbe bridegroom,
slapped the bride, knocked down the
father-in-law, punched the pope, and
k icked the mother-in-law. He was ar
rested; but as the case involves a ques
tion of ecclesiastical law, It was referred
to tbe Czar, the head of the church.
I What Clara's taller Stole.
! Bobby (at the breakfast table)
Clara, did Mr. Spooner take any of the
nmbrellas or bate from the ball last
Clara Why, of course not: wh
Bobby-That'i what Td like to know.
1 thought he did. 'cos I heard him say
when he was going out: "I'm going to
steal Just one," and-why. what's the
-iarar nosion Herald.
Beggs-I wonder why Mrs. Jsggs
won t let her husband employ a female
Poggs-Don't you know? Sho was
hia former typewriter operator. Munz's
A Jeweler is quoted by tbe Phlla
lphia Record aa emphasising the fact
that a watch should be wound every day
at tho samo koac. at near la
THE "GIRLS OF THE SEA" MANu.
FACTURED BY SKILLED HANDS.
Moaheja' Bodies Joined to Nilier- Tjll
with Coonliif end lleiterlty now
People Are Deceived bj Showmt, ,
Their Aids The Mermaid Maker Talk,
"Mermaids made and repaired" Suck
an advertisement was well calculated to
attract attention, and, as It confronted
me one duy in a little frequented street
In a large eastern city, I determined to
make the acquaintance of the maker of
these Incongruities, Pulling an old f,),.
ioned bras! bell handle, a little old man.
crowned with a square paper cap, cau,
to the door, and after eyeing me suipi.
clously for a moiuent Invited urn in.
There was the "beggarly array of empty
boxes," vials containing strungo aniuiahl
curious stuffed birds which peered from 1
high shelves and were laced together by
cobweb! laden with dust, while many
other objects strewn about told of ths
trade of the taxidermist
TUB MKBMA1D aUKKB.
"Yeo," aaid the old man, lu reply to
my questions, "I am a mermaid maker
and 1 flatter myself that I havs produced
some of the most nrtistio mermaids ever
placed upon the market Why, 0ir-
continued the speaker, warming up under
the recollection of his triumphs, "1 pig.
duced one that fooled even the doctors.
You see, mermaids have boen mods u
long as anything. The Chinese manu
factured them centuries ago, and so well
that a large number of people bettered
in them; and if the work is fairly dons
the production is one of the best cards a
show can have
"One day a man came to me and I
knew the moment 1 saw him thut lie was
a showman, lie said he hud mermaids,
but that on the last trip a man had of
fered to wager liim foUO that he would
not dare to ultow the mermaid to be cut
open; so he wan led something that would
bear inspection and be ready for such s
contingency. I told him I could do it,
and received the order to go ahead.
"Generally In cheap work I stuffed
the skins with cotton or something of
the kind and' let them go, but in this
case I went to work on scientilio princi
ples. I took the skin of a monkey snd
separated it at the waist; then allowed
it to dry us a mummy would, all of which
I helped along by the application of heat
I now took a fish common in the China
sea, one that would not be familiar, aud
treated it in a similar way, and finally I
joined them both. I fastened scales upon
the monkey portion and carefully graded
them up among the hairs; then ir.tro-.
duced some hairs down upon the fish
portion; barnacles were fastened here
and there, and a great cut was left open
up and down the abdomen, through
which any one could readily see the ribs
and the joining of the vertebras.
"The face had been given an agonized
look, the hands were clinched, and, ail
in all, it was one of tho most disagreea
ble sights I ever saw, even though I did
"Yes, it gave complete satisfaction.
When they exhibited it a clotli was
thrown over the body, and when any
question was raised the proprietor would
say that he would leave it to a commit
tee of medical men, thus being confident
of obtaining some notoriety. Inonecass'
a number of provincial doctors were com
pletely decoived, and signed a paper re
tracting certain statements which they
had made to the effect that the mermaid
was a sham.
EXHIBITING TBS FREAKS.
The old mermaid maker has passed
away, but examples of his work are often
seen either in grog shops along the har
bor streets In shipping towns, in old tav
erns and occasionally in a museum. Ths
mermaid is generally an adjunct of ths
side show, or second rate circus. Such a
one.l recently saw. It was of large size
and kept in a tank of water. A spirited
painting on canvas depicted a beautiful
maiden, half fish, floating upon tiis
waves, while the young man who stood
by shouted his story of the "Lady of ths
Seas," unconsciously, we will assume,
giving the impression that the mermaid
was alive and frisking about the tank.
The little indenture was well patron
ized, and it was curious to listen to the)
comments of those who paid the required
dime. It was a holiday, and young men
and women were searching for some ex
cuse to spend their earnings. When tea
or twelve victims hud gathered the pro
prietor would wink at a friend, borrow
his cane and begin a lecture remarkable
for the exact repetition of its points, in
which he explained that tho mermaid
was half fish and half human, and hud
been captured in some foreign sea and
brought to America at enormous ex
pense. At least one-half the people who
gazed at the mermaid evidently hud
suspicion that it was a fraud, while a
third accepted it as a fact and expresses
their amazement and wonder at it, all of
which shows that with all our educa
tional advantages we are still credulous
perhaps to an extreme.
One of the most skillful workers in this
uncanny art was well known to us, aud
from whom many hints as to the ways
which are dark were obtained. In sev
eral large popular unscientific museums
of the country remarkably hideous mer
maids are exhibited, generally under
glass cases, while with them is offered a
paper purporting to be the testimony oi
the captors. It is remarked that in many
cases the names signed to these papers
are not fictitious but evidently given in
good faith. There is but one assumption,
that either tbe men were bribed or oe-
ceived. Cor. Philadelphia Times.
Te Obtain Sleep.
Among the various remedies for sleep
lessness lately advised is that in wlucQ
tho lubject, after taking a deep inspira
tion, boldi his breath until discomfort is
felt, then repeat the process a second
and a third time, this being, as a rule,
enough to procure sleep. A slight de
gree of asphyxia is thui relied on as!
soporific agent, but the theoretical cor
rectness of this method is somewhat open
to question. London Lancet,
"1 bave here " aaiit the nmldler. "!
patent window-shade, which "
ise," interrupted the house-maid from
Boston; "wo have no patent windows
here," and she slammed tbe dr."
this country to bankruptcy," sighed the
leddler, aa he went elowly dowa the
rtepa Harper's Bazar.
To renovate fr. ... v, ...4 rmitiiredis
aalve beeswax la turnontina. making it
of the consistency of molasses; spply
with a woolen cloth, then rub br.skly
with a dry piece ot flannel The uu
prove ment is wonderful.