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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (April 26, 1890)
EUGENE CITY GUARD.
EUGENE CITY. OREGON.
OF GENERAL INTEREST.
The production of the cocoa plant
fa South America il so enormous that
ane-eighth part of It would be sufficient
to swamp the market of the ouUlde
world. Almost all of it ia oonsumod in
A New York jeweler received the
following business card a few days ago!
"George D. Parks, farmer, merchant,
ieweler, schoolmaster, musician, eto.
'. 8. All questions answered with
truthfulness and dispatch."
In unloading bananas at the New
York wharves the stovedores frequently
encounter scorpions and snakes, which
bave curled up under the banana beads
In search of a long nap, and sloop right
through tho trip to New York.
The amount nf liquor sent Into Afri
ca, In five years, from lloston alone, was
8,500,000 gallons. The amount of liquor
registered on the vessels which stopped
at Maderla, en route to Africa In one
week is ss follows: 900,000 cases of
whisky: 24,000 butu of rum; 80,000 cssos
of brandy; 28.000 cases of Irish whisky;
600,000 demijohns of rum; 80,000 barrels
of rum; 80,000 cases of old torn; 15,000
barrels of absinthe; 40,000 cases of ver
mouth. The tomb supposed to be that of
Cleopatra, lately discovered in Egypt,
was found at a depth of twenty-five feet
from tho surface in a chamber ten feet
long, two and ono-half foot wide and
lofty In proportion. The sarcophagus
was built in tho form of pyramid, and
covered with exquisite earrings, among
them being flvo female figures, Ave
crowns of laurels and four figures of
children. Some of the latter are en
tirely nude, wbllo others are draped. In
the center of each of thocrowns a bunch
of grspes Is csrved.
If the American people were to losrn
that their army and navy during the
past year bad lost 5,28'J men in engage
ments with enemies, and that nearly
td.OOO of the soldiers and sailors tad
been wounded, they would be horrified.
In fact ao great a destruction of life and
limb would wipe out our entire army
and navy, as those branches of tlis Gov
ernment service are now constituted.
Yet, says the Philadelphia llullotin,
that Is the extent of the havoe which
was wrought lsst year on tho railroads
of the United K tales.
A St I'aul merchant gives the fol
lowing to a Pioneer-Press reporter as
the reason why he cut a piece of goods
in two and sold one portion at a high
and the other at a low price: Twenty
five years sgo I was a sub-olerk in a gen
eral store in Kalumaioo, Mich. Tho
- bead salesman sent me down-stairs Into
ths grocery department to do up a
pound of tea for a prominent social
leader. In forty-five minutes It came
back from the house with an order to
change it What does thut head sales
man do but shake the tea out of the
brown paper, do it up In silk tea paper,
tie It with a colored cord and send It
back to tho lady. It stayed this time,
and she afterward told me thnt that was
the kind of tea sho always wanted to Oil
bur orders. That my boy, was a part
of my early education."
SHORT BIRD STORIES.
Fratharrd DuiIk snil l.lnfulata-A lloblo la
A very small bird of South Africa It
the Muhalf weaver, but it lives in avery
large house shnied like an oil flask,
which It builds itself.
On tho West Spanish Teak, Colorado,
It L. Smith trapped a hnndsomo golden
eagle that measured aeven feet four
inches from Up to tin,
The parrot has not the monopoly of
the power et talking among birds, The
mynah, a species of starling, Is very Im
itative and says "good morning'' very
plainly In response to a salutation.
The tailor-bird makes its nest of long
leaves which it sews together w ith the
fiber of a plant, first piercing the holes
In thorn with Its beak. The bottom of
the nest has a heavy layer of cotton.
A dudlsh bird that lines Its nest with
the down of oertaln flowers Is the luneeo
late honey-eater. Ths nest is shaped
like a hammock suspended from twigs
and is very deep. The (round work is
of grsss and wool
The sociable weaver! will unite to
gether in building a thatched roof prior
to nest-buldlng, tho structure sometimes
being twelve feet squnro. Under this a
doten or more nests will be built, each
pair of birds building ita own, and each
lest being shut out from every other.
A tame crow belonging to Mrs, Henri,
tla Mcl'herson, of Herkimer, N. Y.,
will whip any dog in the neighborhood,
and amuses himself jumping upon a
chair with a spool of thread, picking the
end loose, and unwinding the spool in
the tare of the cat. Aa tbecat Jumps for
the running spool the crow will laugh
like a child.
A number of sparrows with a nest
over the doorway of the Nutt House, I
Crawfordsvilln, Ind., sat in Judgment
over one of the (look and deliberately
banged It One end of a piece of twine
about a foot long was tied sicurcly about
the bird's neck and the other fastened
to the nest The sparrow fluttered at
the end of the string for at least ton !
mlnuU'S. the others picking and pulllnj i
.1 it ...ii...,. n. it ji..j 1
r,i. . .1 I .i . . !
During the Christmas festival In kin
church in England the children had lust '
flnlshedthe first verse of tbel, Ch i.t, 1
tn.sc.rs.1. when a clear, rich. Joyous
B.tMM f.t.t am au.l.lM f . ..ti. . .
" " www im.ujr Ul 1
from bmnoboH, No one had aMn blm,
bV,; mlnlsw raUiTbl. hamltor.;:!
lenre, and the bird completed b!a soiif
Then the rector, In great solemnity
opened tho lllble and read;
" 'Yea, the sparrow bath found a
bouse, and the swallow a nest for her
self, where ahe may lay ber
Tblne altars, O Lord of boats!'
"This time," said the minister.
ravnrlL t.tr.1. our tutu vi.i. .,i i
baa found a lixlglng and breakfast ta i foT lhrm ,to ,,,H ''","'
the church, where we csm.e to pray for'!U .. ','r,,, hU" n wm of
our dail bn.aJ. Nmw I. .11 ...i i froat would favor their Imwase. Mean
covering the ground and bushes; be was
cold and hungry, and might have per-
Uhedln tho atortn. but the good All-t
Father, In His pitying love and care,
guided the tiny w ings hither.
The little bird praises lLm la lujoy j
ous song, shall not we with far grealei
reason, pratae lllui gladly ?"-4.hlcag
The beautiful and fast strainer Pifv nl
Detroit, with tlitt-las acisjiuii.ntUtionsj
for 1TJ0 paseiiiwrs, has Just bten
launched, and will ply between the new
city of Detroit audj'uct sound points. I
Science and industry.
-London Industries, la 1U annual re
view for ISS9, says: "It is to Americans
thst we owe almost all ths most recent
developments in the steam engino.
Novel boilers, valve gears and framings
are all of American origin."
Northern manufacturers are inter
ested in the statement that the finest
brick made in the South are from the
refuse of slate quarries. They have a
double resisting power and absorb only
one-third as much water as ordlnsry
A use has been found for sour
canned co.-n. Hitherto It hss been con
sidered worthless. Hut a demand for it
hss sprung up In the great (ierman
American centersof Cincinnati and New
York, where it is used to mix with saur
kraut, the quality of which, it is said, is
Improved by It.
In the new process for spinning snd
weaving glass into cloth the warp is
composed of silk forming the body and
groundwork on which the pattern In
glass appears. Not less than fifty to
sixty of the original glass strands are
required to form one thread of the weft,
and not more than a yard of the cloth
can bojirodueed In twelve hours.
Tho resident surgeon of St. Ilarna
bas Hospital, Minneapolis, Minn., re
ports an operation of a very painful kind
performed on a boy of seventeen years
without tho use of other amesthetlc than
tho power of hypnotism. The patient
was led to and from the operating table,
and even assisted the operator by as
suming any position ordered, yet suf
fered no pain, lay perfectly quiet two
hours and then railed for food, as the
operotir had suggested bo should do at
a certain time.
A famous Viennese occullst says,
for the benefit of the people who hsve
to earn a livelihood with the pen:
"Nover write on wlilto paper If you ran
get yellow paper. A sheet or card of
the same shade placed on the wall over
the desk will assist In giving the eyes
rest, and tills will facilitate the work."
lie has made tho suggestion to many,
and in each case has received the
thanks of thosn who have been benefited
by It. It is simple and does not require
any philosophy to provo it.
Terra alba, or white earth, Is used
exclusively for adulterating caudles,
yet no less than 6,000 tons of this sub
stance were recently imported through
New York. Ior.enges made entirely of
this earth are dipped in sirups flavored
with peppermint and other essences and
then sold as genuine sugar lozenges.
When it Is known that terra alba is a
mineral Insoluble by the gastrio juices,
the extent of the evil of this ad ill te ra
tion may bo understood. It means grave
danger of liicurnhlcdlsoaso to thousands
of young chlftron. San Francisco
Surgeons an now endorsing a meth
od of treatment in cases where foroli
bodies have lioen accidentally swullowoil.
which originated not In the medical
profession, hut through the smurtnas
of deft members of another profession
the London pickpockets. When sur
reptitiously acquiring small articles ef
jewelry, these are often quickly swal
lowed, and In order that they may pass
through without harm to the Individual
or the Jewelry, the gnirt lives on an ex
clusive and abundant potato diet, until
the coveted article Is sgaln recovered,
l'rof. llllrolh of Vienna, says that this
plan has proved so successful that evira
tion of opening Into the stomach for
nails, teeth, etc., arenolongnr necessary.
An eloctricul shoal water indicator
ban been devised by two Mexican inven
tors. It consists of a strong cylinder
HI led with shot, so that when hung by
a cable from a ship It will remain per
fectly upright in the water. Km bedded
In Its center is a glass or vulcanite tubs
half full of mercury, the two ends being
closed by metallic plates, which are in
communication, by insulated wires cur
ried by tho cable, with an electric bat
tery and bell on the deck of the ship.
The action of the apparatus is as follows:
When tho vessel approaches shallow
water the cylinder drags on the ground
bolow, and Is consequently no longer
upright, hut is thrown on its side. This
causes the mercury In the tube to touch
both the metallic plates attached to that I
tube, as above explained; the electrical
circuit thus becomes complete, and the
warning bell on tho ship Instantly rings.
RATS IN ENGLAND,
Klahl I.llllis Tight Utile
Naailt m 1'lad l'lirr Itailljr,
The plague of rats, from which more
than ono of our agricultural districts are
at present su.ferlng, threateni to assume
j serious proportions. In East Lothian,
j though tho vermin hsve been destroyed
i by the thousands, and all the terriers,
I steel traps and phosphorus paste ln the
neighborhood are ln requisition, their
numbers exhibit no appreciable diminu
tion, while from the Ken district in
Lincolnshire, it Is reported that they
nover w. ro so numerous or destructive.
The potato pits are luvaded, the turnip
Holds constitute a browsing ground for
the swarm of rodents, and every granary
nM U-en couis.led to pay an unwilling
tune to ttio horde whitth has overspread
Since "Hsmelln Town ln Brunswick
Land" was afflicted In similar fashion
. such twst bus seldom boon heard of.
It lu II..I f..a l.d . .1 1
" 'L . 1 1 ih. w 1 1 . . . ..
c,li ni babies in their cradles.
' r,'eeso out of the vats, aud i
t.i , , , 7, , I
ed from the cooks' own l.dle," but
"7h VT. . " " ' W
" T 1,,'m,,m,r1
"H H--w UlUnfS
,t,. Mt w- ,
they are burrowing holes by the road'
I side, and w ben we remember the amui
j Ing rapidity with which they multiply,
j It is hard to say whether we should
I wish the farmers of Lincolnshire and
1 East Lothian a sevrre winter or an opes
For though the frost might drive tha
ru ,rom UUs, It would wrtalnlt
time the naturalist who Is not an owner
or cultivator of the soil ran not fail to
f101 e,rl,n qualified Intorest In the
latest inroad, which is simply one mors
attempt on the pan of nature to assert
,taeU' " U l'", sgainst the per-
mvi vitiuiaiion loueairoy
the balance of life, since this undue in
crease of rata must Ut traced to the de
struction t the birds of prey, weaaels,
atoat and other animals w hich harry !
them, Jul as the multiplication of I
weakling groute baa not unreaaonabl
kwB stflbuted toauch levble fledglings
being afforded, owing to a sltullarcauta,
an extra chance In the atruggle for ftx I
tatoaoa. London Standard. j
THE CREAT NAPOLEON.
Why Ma Was Mailt to Nt. Hrlrna br Ilia
After Wsterloo snd the dissolution of
the grand army Napoleon returned to
France, Tho storm of revolution was
already gathering; the tide of oppoid
tion to him bad arisen and overflowed
France; his son had been passed over by
tho Chamber of Ilepresentatives; bis
own services as (icnoral had been re
fused; he had endeavored to escape ti e
vigilance of the lirltlsh cruisers that
guarded the coast, and finally he went
on board (he Itellerophon and surren
dered himself to the commander,
Captain Mulllund. The great, fallen
leader was Informed that thero were no
conditions to be made in regard to the
surrender of NuDolcon. but that be
'should be conveyed to England to le re
ceived there in such manner as the
Prlnco Hcgcnt should deem expedient
Ho bud written M the I'rlnce licgcnt
from Kochefort that ho had terminated
his career, and, "like Themlstoeles. 1
coino to seat myself at the hearth of
tho Itrltish people. I place myself un
der the protection of Its laws, which I
claim from your Highness as the most
powerful, tho most constant anl
tho most generous of my enemies,"
The concurrent, testimony of the
historians of the times is to tho effect
that Napoleon's life was in Imminent
danger in Franco, illucher hud threat
ened to execute bhn, and he gave him
self up because there was nothing else
to do. No graver questions ever faced
a civilized nation than the disposition of
N'upoleon and Jefferson Davis when
their public careers came to an end.
In Europe the experiment bad been
tried of banishment, or rather restraint
to Klba, but that had failed. Europe
would never tie at peace; its awful
ll a iik htcrs on the battlefields, by dis
ease, exposure, in all the ghastly forms
of war, would not cease unless the
ruuse were securely, permanently re
strained; while to hold him byond tho
reach of activity in Europe would bo to
Imprison him. 1 his was the condition,
those were the reasons, that led the
llrltl ill Government to decide to send
him to St Helena. For this purjswe
an act of Parliament was passed "for
the better detaining lu custody of Na
poleon lionupurto," ml another act
providing for the proor and secial
government of the Island of St Helena.
Ho was detained on tho llolloinphoii
until August 4 and then transferred tu
tho Northumberland, and on October
15 arrived in St Helena, never to leave
it alivo. Chicago Intor-Oeoun.
CROWNED AFTER DEATH.
Only Oilmen Wlm Never Knew llrr
There is no morn remarkable page In
all history than the one which tells of
the crowning of I no do Castro's flesh
less skull as Queen of Portugal. Sho
had boon married clandestinely to young
Doiii Pedro, and wus murdered three
years later by assassins instigated by
her futher-ln-law. When the young Doiii
heard of her death he was beside him-
saif with grief and rage. Tho of the
avassins fell Into hU hands and sulfered
terrible) torture, which only ended by
their hearts being torn out while they
wero yet alive. When Pedro came to
tho throne a few years later he had tho
bones jf lnex taken from tho grave,
placed upon a mugiilllcont throne, robed
in royal purple, and actually crowned
Queen of Portugal! The court was sum
moned and competed to do her
homage, just as If she were a real
living Queen. One tleshlesa hand
held tho scepter and the other the
orb of royalty. On the second night of
this weird ceremony the lleshless Queen
was borne before s grand funeral cortege
extending several tulles, each person
holding a torch. Lying in her rich
rolies, her crown upon her grinning
skull, la a chariot drawn by twenty
coal-black mules. Queen Inex, the only
Queen who never knew her royal sta
tion, was driven to the royal Abls-yof
Aloobacu, w here the bones were interred
with as much pomp us though sho had
died but yesterday. Tho monument
erected to the Queen who was never a
Queen during life, is still to bo seen in
the abbe, standing near the one erected
to her royul husband, "Pedro, the Just,"
It Is sultl thut tho whole cuuse of tills
outrageous proceeding wits an attempt
of Philip II. of Spain to secure the
throne on thu grounds that the mar
riage of lues was illegal. Theso events
occurred during the larco years follow
ing January I, :I4T. the date of the mar
riage of Pedro and I nex,-
THEY LIVE ON CREDIT.
1'eMy OlllcUU In KiimU Nwlmlla
Full four-fifths of tho ottlctals of St
Petersburg recelvo less than f-'iO a
month. Most of them have a houseful
of children, and they must all spend
part of the year In town, where lodgings
and provisions are expensive. 1 have at
last got a clew to the mystery bow they
manage It It Is all done ou credit
Tho credit of a petty official Is practical-
; ly Inexhaustible. He and the majority
of his compeers live at least In the
I country at the expense of credulous
I tradesmen. Their spouses, especiully,
! are born geniuses In this department of
"From the very beginning," MV!i t
well-known publicist "they established
their household on a basis of traud. In
their houses strangers are sure to lie
taken in. Every man, woman and child
who conies In contact with them
plucked liko an eider duck."
I Most of theso people pay only half the
I rent covenanted for. and a,im .-,,,.
to get their meals thrown in. The
tradesmen, w ho coniMte with each other
suicidally, wipe out their last year's
debts rather than run their heads into
The peddlers and bagmen, who are
continually strolling about these placet
with their bags of wares on their backs!
are not too small tiles for the spiders'
webs woven by thote "gentlemen." The
lady of the houso or her worthy spouse
holds waU-h on the balcony, eagerly lUt
eulng for the cries of the Itinerant
venders, who, having no books, gna
credit and are paid in promise.
Suddenly the cry: "Children's boots!
Children a boots: is waftod along, with !
many leaa pleasant things, upon the
balmless fcreese. i ,,endron bush to the r ght of the house."
"Walk la here through the wicket to ' I alwavsknew where 1 slung each paper
the right" cries the landlady from her! Strange that men should come corn
porch. And the victim walks In, show j plaining In-tead of taking the trouble
his warea, bargains, haggles and leaves , to look for their papers! Hut newspaper
several pairs of boot. ,Urk was fun then. Ah. those were
And so a family of three, four or flv happv davs!-Julian Ralph, in N Y
persons manage to live in th country, I Journal.
if not exactly oa the fat of the land, vet
I oa tid-blto of whatever Is ia season, and :
I eaa afford to play cards with aeirhbors
and relations, and go to a concert or
privato tbeaulrals now and agile. St
the Arizona kicker.
rnr-t. from liarant laaua of Thi
Journal of llvlllaatlon.
"Not a Mihdkk. Theother morning
Hank Poole, a veteran old bum and
bluffer of this locality, was found dead
In Codfish alley, about ten feet from the
door of the lied Jacket saloon. He had
received about thirty buckshot and had
been dead for some hours when discov
ered. It was, of course, suspected that
he bad been killed In a row in the
saloon, and the sheriff was wabbling
around with half a dozen warrants in
his band when we stepped in snd threw
a light of !i.0 candle-power on the situ
ation. "At about midnight on the prevlcns
night some on kicked on our office
door, and when we called out to know
who was there s rock w as hurled through
one of the windows. We sildoutof bed.
grabbed our shot-gun, and tired Into tLe
street through the same window, suppos
ing 'tho boys' wanted some fun with us.
Wo heard some one run sway, and have
nodoubt that Hank Poole was the target
of our buck-shot. Hank had been down on
us ever sln'-e w sliced off his left ear a
year ago in front of the post-olllce, and
within two days he had been heard to
declare thut he would have our life.
"The coroner's jury acquitted us of all
blanio, but stuck us for tho burial ex
penses, which footed up So.M. Wo are
not complaining any. .Any man is lia
hie to kill one of his fellow-creatures
out here any hour In the day, and It l
only fair that he should see tho body
decently laid away. We are sorry that
Hank didn't meet us on the street in
daylight and thus have a better show,
but as bn chose his own w ay no one is to
blame hut himself."
H k Wtl.t.. Km? The other day. when
we saw Judge Saunders steering a llos
ton mun around theeountry, we felt thut
.1 conspiracy of some sort was on the
carpet, and we arranged fora private in
terview with the tenderfoot. Tho re
sult justified our anticipations. The
Judge owns tw enty-six acres of sand and
cactus three miles out of tow n on the
Mormon Trail, lie had made that llos
ton man belle vo this tract covered s
ledge of piiro silver, and was worth a
million dollars, led owing to various
reasons he would sell It for S:."i,0iH). We
spoiled the sale in about thirty seconds,
and we understand thut the Judge bus
sworn to have our life as an offset
"Say, Judge, come and see us! If you
thirst for our goro coino and quench!
We ure always on deck every day in the
week, und if you can get the drop ou us,
our sculp is yours. W e bliun't interfere
in any tiling like a tenure deal in thh
neighborhood, but we don't want to see
oursund prairie ull dug up und tossed
about by a lot of tonderfect who will
afterwards seek to kill the town out ol
spite. Judge Saunders will tlnd a plat
of our graveyard hanging up in the
post-olllce, Those lots marked with a
blue poiril have already been taken and
"Comk ami Skk It. --We huvo just
received from a friend In l'nver s
laiiudried shirt, valued at seventy-live
cents, cut In the latest style und button
ing In the hack, it is not only a valued
present, hut a curiosity u hich ull should
see, und for a few days we wilt have it
on exhibition at the otllce."
Sk.iti.ki OfT ok Curur.-One of the
first libel suits sturted against this
paper wus brought by Or. King, the
druggist on Sioux Place. We slated that 1
the doctor was u quuck and a fraud: that '
ho was a skipper troiu the East; that hi
did not know qui nine from ursenic, und
thut I h is ell m n tu won Id he sure elTert li i r-'
health if he staved a few- weeks longer.
A shyster lawyer named Davis made the :
dis-lor believe that he had been damaged,
and he brought suit for u quarter of :i
"Six months ago Dav
" ",,r,,"" ,
it of the post-olhee. ;
ns we were coming ou
we naa 10 pay i.i u miry mm. ,
k'I'l. l.. I... !...!. ... l f '
f liil,-i- iiiuiiLlin lli' nir JIUIl- lit ll,r,
I whom the case would havo been tried
w us thrown out of a Second-story w indow
j in a saloon und killed. Pour weeks age
; the dis'tor was hung by the boys up at
i imny tiiiicti lor giving a si k man
strychnine in place of culniel. and yes
terduy we settled the case w ith his heir
for u sack of flour and two Uo.en .Michi
gan elothes-pins. We have eleven otlie
on hand, aggregating about 2,0011,11011.
u nd it any of the plulntilfs wuut to set
tle we will be oH'ii to a trade ull this
week, though we shall limit them strict
ly to clothes-pins."
Detroit Free Press,
A JOURNALIST'S LOT,
NHIIim In I lly Nr Country la It a Vi-r.f
You see a mun to-day robust, rosy,
bright-eyed and witty, lie looks as if
he could not lie happier if he owned the
earth, lie is a proserous reporter on
some of the gn at New York papers,
hobnobbing with great men, fluttered
with thu secrets of millionaires, court
ed bv the prettiest women In creation
fhat is to say, the New York women.
Ah. what a happy man! . What a happy
; lho scene shifts njid you see him
sgaln, but totally changed. Ho Is rush
j ing along the street with tho pro-oecu-!
pled air of a man upon whom four bees
j have alighted at once. He Is careworn,
I pale, and his utterances aw petulant
I srnargctt. you sav. Disgraced.
I whelmed with debt
Oh, no; nothing
like that He has simply reached the
I ambition of bis lire; he has started a
paper of his ow n.
i My first connection with a newstiarKf
was huppy. light-hearted and easy. I
washed rollers Ave days of each week
snd delivered the papers on Thurs
days. It was In Ked It ink, N.
J., and I carolled through the
town like a bird, flinging the papers to
right and left over the fences of the
front garden as I went Affr 1 had de
livered the papers the subser. tiers came
j to the ofitce in groups. They saw
; the editor and tho editor saw me.
I 'lirown did not get bis paper,"
j said be, "and Jones is complain-
i Ing mat he has not had his for two
i weeks." "Oh, that's all right" I re-
; plied; "1 slung Ilrown's paper so bard
ik.i 1. 1: . . . . .......
tun, ii iiv on top oi nia pore n. up can
easily got it with a ladder. As for
Jones' papers, why ou earth d d he not
ask me. Last week's aivideniallv lu,i
a hole in tho collar window,
week's lighted In tho rhodo-
Dudley "You took at me as If you
,nou - Qt I fl. eh?" Stranger
j ' -r' Do: v,'u ran l lw (uo!
. lf''r !1' Your rrlurlt shows that you
! " J a man's thoughts at a glance.
Show Why Hie HrHish Art In
vaatlni vr llww.
One ceases to wonder at the amount
of Hritlsb capital seeking investment in
the United States after looking over a
year's record of the money left by will
in the I'nlted Kingdom. The "person
alties" of dead Hritons or of deceased
residents of Oreat Hrituln sworn to in
IHHft for purposes of probate and of suc
cession duty reached imposing sums.
One dry goods Jobber in Munchesterdled
possessed of 61 .1,500, 000 of liersonBl
property; a Clyde ship builder comes
next with f.v'soo.ooo, and a member of
the great banking bouse of tho Darings
follows hard upon him with $4,500,000.
A scion of tho Houso of Orleans,
Count (ireffulhe, died possessed of $V
800,000, in Kngland; and a Scottish peer,
the l.ari ol i.even aim ..:iin,
j, .. t.u t,.,ini t'i fliin.oiio.
division among bis
What we rail mllllona!
with less than :.,0i)0,000 being so de
nominated wen- numerous, Manchester
atone had ten of them ranging from
9!,W,W of "personalty" to 81.000,000.
James Jameson, tho great Dublin dis
tiller, left N, 400,000 of hard cash, or
what mav be culled its portable equiva
lent and In Kngland lirewer Dan
Tbwaltes left ?2,3l),0OO.
A Cork brewer, W. II. Crawford, bad a
sworn "personalty" of 81,000,000, and
there were eight other deceased brewers
whose estates were liable to succession
duty on Sfl.ooo.ouo. It is figures like
that Impress on the Knglisb mind the
idea that there is in beer, as there was
in Dr. Johnson's day, "the potentiality
t.. .(..I. 1 1
Even tho railroad magnates left a less
impressive aggregate,' though one of
them Sir Daniel (Jooch, chairman of
the Great Western, died possessed of
83,240,000, and of two mero railroad en-
glneers, one wus w orth 5soo,000 and an
Tho richest representative of the Iron
Industry, who died in lss'j, was a manu
facturer of plows, worth 81, 100,000 a
sum exceeded by tho "personalty" of a
London gas-litter, whose heirsdivided the
snug little sum of 81,200,000. Hut even
he does not coino up to John Nevill, weighing both tho coming and the part
bakor who ever heard of a millionaire ng pU0St at Sundringliam palace. At
baker on this side of tho Atlantic? .). -,, onnortunitv aftor his arrival
nose "personalty is sworn at ei.suu,-
It must be remembered that all this Is
In personal or movable property, and
that real estate does not count In the
enumeration, not being liable to succes
sion duty. Chatter.
The Iniim'iiMi Amount of tHiUiil Invested
in ripe I, lues.
Very few people understand tho ex
tent and value of the greut oil-pipe lines
that bring the product of the petroleum
wolla to tho tfivat n'flmntf and trans-
. . fV i, ,r .i i
Turi tiff f'niifi'PU I nllrmrp ( m fit lint d-iv
with Newell Cowell, of Cleveland, who
is largely Interested in the linos, he
"You have probably no Idea of the ex
tent of the Standard Oil Company's plpe-
lino system. It is prodigious. One line
goes us direct as tho way will allow
from Olean, Cattaraugus County, N. Y.,
to New York City, 'a distance of about
three hundred miles. Tho line stops at
Saddle liiver, N. Y, within easy reach
of the metropolis. Tho Pennsylvania
line stnHcbes from Colgrove, McKean
County, to Philadelphia, nearlv 2M)
miles. Tho llaltimore lino begins at " tllls regard than the women of any
Midway Station, on the Pennsylvania j tnir nation. In accordance with her
line, and runs to the city of llaltinioro, j now purpose, she has founded lawn ten
a distance of seventy miles; that into i nl8 clubs, supplying the nets and bats
the great refineries at Cleveland bo-
gins at Millard's, Pa , and Is ono hun
dred miles in length; that to Pittsburgh
Is sixty miles in length, and finds its
beginning in Carbon Center, Hutler
Countv. I 'a. while t)mt t, ltntTiln
begins at Four Mile, Cattaraugus County,
N. y., d (t B(.V(.nt mi,ps , , ,
Tw ,., ..,, ,.. ....
- "It 'V- u
i isn't all thero is of it A main line bag
been built from Kane, McKean County,
I to Hear Creek, a distance of flftymiles,
which serves as a feeder, as oil can bo
pumped through in both ways. It would
bo Impossible to describe tho mass of
smaller lines that cross the territory
drained In every direction, nor would a
description made to-day bo of exact
value to-morrow, us new wells are con'
stuntly opened and old ones closed. You I
nn Jt .'., i,i r
,u rJi 'ZZ i . I ;
I tt.o iiu.imrw iiuui lun uiui iuai?o,uou,uuu
does not. rptirosnnt. tlm full r.iT nr
u,.. ..,,,1 ,,lni,n , ,,., .
, . (,..,v.v- iHiui llosuniujf
to mo luiiuro or tlte districts in which
fliev are situnteil. T)m Si-.ii.l.r.l yna
recently built a pipe line from Lima, in I
the Ohio oil Held, to Chicago, thus add-1
ing ono moro link to tho great chain.
Its length is a little over two hundred
miles. It also bought up In iss;i the
Tidewater Pipe Line, from the ltradford
oil fields to Williamsport on the Head
The Standard controls the whole busi
ness under the name of tho National
I Irausit Company. N. Y. Star.
J i.rirTrra'r H..lli numls.
j Tench the children to use both hands,
i They will find the knowledge useful In
after life. Writers' cramps can be
cured in no way but by rest If a man,
bo ho a copyist clerk or a telegraph
i operator, sits dow n and writes for eight
! ten or twelve hours .nl It V JW f it ul ni lira no n
ho must rviaiKi u.iiLn. u I
nmwnniK- ,,.... i, .1
bands and nervous connections which i
aro liable to h overstrained and worn i
out If a wire used by a telegraph 1
operator gets out of order he sends his
messages over another wire; if the owner
' of a few horses rides one till the aaimal
! can do no more work, he giveshim a rest
I for aw hile. Just so If a nion suffering
from crump In tho hand and arm wants
I to get cured, he must rest To th nk of
; effecting a cure by the u.so of liniments
Is nonsense. Nature, and nature alone,
aided, perhaps, by bathing with coid
, water, which acts as a tonic, ran restore
i a crumped or tired arm. Why should
not people who have a gnat deal of
writing to do learn to write with both
j hands? Then when one needs a ret
: the other can lie on duty. N. Y. Ledger, j
Th Study nfTancuacra.
What I unre is that vMi...
Unction be made, as sometimes used to
be and sometimes is, between the an
cient and the modern to the disadvan
tage of the latter, but that students
should I encouraged to take the course
in modern languages as being quite as
C .a.u.vua r3
f,lw ,a unl 1,1 "'ip"ne as any other, ;
if pursued with tho sumo thoroughness'
ana to tne same end; aud that end, as I
have said, should be literature, In which
alone language attains to full conscious
ness of its power and tho joyous exer
cise of It It is only through literature
that we become complete men, an
there, and there only, can we learn what
man Is and what man may be. For It l
nothing else than the autobiography of
mankind. From aa Address by Prof
Hydraulics power at a pressure of
750 pounds to the square inch is now
eonveyed about beneath the streets of
London a steam is conveyed In this
The annual cost per man In some of
the armies of Europe is: o4 In Oreat
Jlrttaln, !S3 In Austro-Hungury. 40 in
Germany. alW.lfl in ll'r
land comes at the bottom of the list
with an annual cost of only i'7 per man.
-At the Newcastlo-on-Tyne police
court recently two men wero arraigned
for shipping to Antwerp two cars loaded
with horses In a shocking condition.
The best of these horses were to bo
made Into "beef" and the second-class
. --llu shah of Persia, In addition to
i maHttl,H of ) the royal treas-
i . ,,rlVate fortune stored in vaum
' ur' ' . . . , , ...
"y.-h wbh U known to consist
notuallv adding fresh accumulations.
The Sultan muy not be much of a
financier, but his Ideas of meeting a
monetary crisis are practical and sound.
An audit of his finance department dis
closed a big deficit and to meet it His
Majesty ordered a reduction in the sal
aries of his state ollldals. Another
monarch would have raised the publio
i...t.i ..niMnu rendered
A roillnl Itnwiu
in the Courtof Queen's Ilench in London
a short time slnco. A mun sued for dam
ages for personal injuries, and the jury
awarded him 2.500, although ho only
claimed 200. lie stepped upon so . u
,.ii in front of a mercantile
establishment which caused him to full
and Injure his spino and eyesight
Autotype machines have just been
j served out for the first time to some of
i the copying clerks at the Vatican, but
they are only to be used for rough proot
r work to be done in a hurry, l ue i ope
is not in favor of the Innovation, for he
fears that It will break up the admirable
school of penmanship which has so long
flourished at tho Vatican.
The London correspondentof an En
glish paper alleges that tho Prince of
Wales has instituted the custom of
tn0 gUst i8 weighed, and tils weigui
recorded In a book kept for tho purpose
and he Is weighed again on the morning
of bis departure, and another record
made, accompanied by the autograph of
the guest One of tho latest signatures
in the book is that of Sallshi y, and bis
weight is put at eighteen stone plump.
The little King of Spain's first de
mand, when ho began to got well, was
that be should bo taken "toseo tho lumo
beggar," a cripplo for whom he has
t 1 .Wnnlimanl n M.I ..ttn Id
i "'' "l " 7 "
, ; . ... u
riace and bold lonff conversations with
tte ?.un "),0",u when he ' u'
an airing. Tho king is very self-willed
as bo grows older, and will only yield
to bis mother when Bhe tolls him sho is !
going to her room to cry. That always
wins him over.
The Duchess d'Uzes on a recent
visit to England became so Impressed
with tho physical development of En
glish women that she returned to her
native land fired with the ambition to
Introduce some sort of physical train
ing and systematic, exercise among
i French women,
who are more deficient
at her own expense and paying an Ln
glish professor to give the necessary in
struction. Her own daughters take
part in the exercises, and sho bus also
rowing clubs and races for the daugh-
I tera of bar tenantry.
A Vast Force Kierteil Without Noiae or
Demount ratlou of Any Kind.
It has long been known to sclontifio
men that the power of growth In tho
vegetable kingdom is something mar
velous. There is no human engineering
which can compare in power with the
silent machinery of a forest on a spring
day. Tho force with which the sap
rises in tho tree, without any apparent
Z , " 3 1 ; ' V
beating heart of man, is marvelous. It
h been estimated thi
that the physical
enqrgy of tho sap In tho plant is four -
teen times that of the blood In man.
Some years ago President Clark, of
ti. xi . .? . . ,',' ol
tho Massachusetts Agricultural Collice.
h. , '
8ucoeetled by ,llmins of 8on'0 interesting
lxP,,rilm'nt in measuring the power of
growth possessed by a squash. For this
purpose ho harnessed it in iron, put it
in prison, and gave it a weight to lift
Ho prepared a bed of rich compost to
give the plant every possible oppor
tunity for growth. On one end of this
bod he placed a box and in the box the
squash, enclosed in an iron haskot-work.
The squash thus enclosed was placed in
the box in such a way that it could only
grow by pushing itself upward. Then,
on tho top of the squash, a lonj bar of
timber was laid, In such a way that tho
squash, in Its upward growth, must
push this bar with It Finally, on the
bar were hung weights, at such dis
tances from the squash as enormously
to Increase their weight power, and,
consequently, the severity of the test
The result was that the squash steadily
Pllsm'1 lts way upwards, carrying tha
bar aml tm ini'ronsini? weight with it
On August il it was lifting sixty pounds;
on September 15. fourteen hundred
pounds: on October IS. three thousand
one hundred and twenty pounds; on
October :tl, flvo thousand pounds! How
much more it would have curried is not
known, tor at this point the iron har-
ness bent snd cut Into tho rind of the i
aquasn, which had obtruded so far
between the bands, that in order to ex
tricate the squash it was necessary to
cut the iron with a cold cbisul, and draw 1
tko pieces out endwise. j
There is to our imagination some-!
thing grand in the thought of a force so ;
vast exerted without noise or demon'
" . . " "J apparently tar i
exceeding all the ordinary exigencies of
the plant In every acre of well-cultivated
ground a power is sileutly at work
which transcends mas mightiest ma
chines by almost as much as the infinite
transcend the finite. Does it not give
a suggestion of the quiet power of the
'-Oraclous" shivered an oil maid
during a cold t.nap, "ln't it frightfully
ctdd." "Indeed it is," replied aioiher
maiden, about two years her junior. "I '
a:o sum we n"vorhavc had such weather ,
as this before." "I think you are right;
at least that seems to be the general
opinion of all the oldest inhabitants," ;
aiuiled the junior, with frozen s guill
cance. Merchant Trvt!er,
THE WILCS OF WOMEN.
Tricks rtMjrril l.r Tliriu on Ilia I i..t
III y-Uooda nturi. '
"Nodoubt," said a dry-gm,!,
"you bave seen the sto-les son,, tilu '
told in the newspapers of women ,V
order costly furs or other wrap, .
home on approval, und after wet-i"'
them on the special occasion for 0J
they wero wanted returning theinlu
satisfactory. You would be mirpri
to know how common that thing is,
find It out sometimes more timet w"
don't but if the goods are returned ,
injured it rarely pays to say any u,
about It Nothing is lost by the trlr
not even the sulo of the goods, fur '
borrower bad no intention of buyirT
them ut any time. In this case, , ,J
the caso of goods purchased at iini
other store and brought to us to fc,'vJ
the 'money refunded, eternal Tiirllai.
, "'" 1""" Ba,ul "Posltiun.
-"--- - - ---, - r vu nun
we do to sell them.
"Tbey have a now racket no
though," continued the talkative flour!
walker, "that goes ahead of all therwit
for downright meanness. It Is gvttin
to bo a common practice with a certain
class of women to buy rather large dre
puiicrns, aim uiut mailing up the drvm
und finding they have a yard or two left
inn. . In ttrtn,. nu Ilia .... ...... . ,
for the money on it I ho other dav
! bud a lino of poods which we cut up In
twelve-yard dress patterns and sold br
the pattern. One of our customer, t
woman In very comfortable cirrnm.
u c.I1T,,o in and bought six BlL
I , , , , , . P""
terns. A few days afterward she .
turned two pieces, with two and a half
yards in each, and wanted tho money
for them or, rather, she wanted credit
for them, for, as It happened, she had an
account with us, and this enabled us to
traco tho transaction. She had to be
j confronted with the books, though, irnl
i convinced that we know exactly what
j she had bought beforo she gave up the
, attempt to economize at our expense.
"Tho w orst thing about this overreach
I Ing business is that it is practiced
, almost exclusively by women who are
not driven to it by poverty. Really
poor women seldom trouble us. They
i buy what tbey want, keep It or If tlier
do bring it back it is usually in
exchange It for something elso in
iame line, rarely for redemption Incash.
Tho people who drive hard bargains,
who find fault with every thing, and
who try to overreach us in every way
are those who consider themselves the
better class of society, women who dress
well, appear to bavo plenty of money,
and affect great indignation if their
boldest lies ure not instantly believed.
Theso ure the customers thut make i
salesman tired, and I assure you there
is an Infinlto lot of them." Philadel
FACTS WORTH KNOWING.
Tha lliipqiuil Kxiaiip.lou aud Contrartioa
of steam llollpri.
One of the severest tests of the strenirth
I nf n atmint lutili,, I a ,1 I, A ti 4 n a
U, It ovi.Mii. i uuw w lllirijujtl
expansion and contraction of its differ
ent parts, owing to the effects of changes
in its temperature. In the case of Sue
or tubular boilers, ln which the flues or
tubes are. moro directly exposed to the
influence of heat than the ihell, the
strain thus developed is tromendous,
the tubes or flues, or their material, ex
panding lengthwise with a force calcu
lated to tear the head out of the boiler.
Where the flues are placed very near the
bottom of the boiler, in which case the
pressure is all on the lower sido of the
beads and the plates that keep them to
gether, It Is not unusual for these plates
to be ruptured or the scams sprung un
derneath, causing troublesome and often
The smaller the proportion of the sur
face of a boiler that is exposed to the
heat tho more active will be the effect
of tho expanding and contracting forces,
and in the case of some boilers, set more
than half-exposed to the influence of the
atmosphere, the tremendous power ex
ercised by tho expansive heat of the fire
below and the contraction due to the low
temperature above, aro almost enough
to tear the boiler to pieces.
It is the unequal expansion of shell
and tubes, of the upper and lower shell,
thnt really does more injury to a steam
boiler than the expansion and contrac
tion Jno t.i V. A n, ,, ...... ln l.n nMaa,,M.
., . ... , . , .
1 " , ' ' T " ""u ,
rUptUre "B;ur ,B "'6 loW?r
' rr?". "iT 'T
i tally-flred boilers aro unquestionably
j . .1. i ,
i due to these causes, and In vorv many
instances forced firing in getting up
steam on first starting the boiler is to
To avoid the injuries so often caused
to boilers In this manner, it is necessary,
therefore, to exercise great care in rais
ing steam in new boilors or those that
have boon blown out and allowed to cool
down. Tho fire should be raised mod
erately and gradually and tho boiler
moderately filled with water, so that
j the increase in the temperature may be
gradual. In cooling off a boiler the
same care must be exercised. The plan
I adopted by some engineers, of turning a
stream of cold water Into the boiler as
i soon as it is emptied.can not be too severe
j ly condemned, nor should the furnace
' doors be suddenly thrown open, or any
j other proceeding taken that will result
j in suddenly lowering tho boiler temper
' ature, a rapid decrease in the heat being
quite as bad for the safety and durabili
, ty of the boiler as the modorate and un
equal increase above referred to. Safe
Tha Fnnpral Couldn't Prorerd.
There are still some towns in Maine
which neither the railroad nor the sum
mer visitor has invaded. In such a town
the greatest event is a wedding or a
funeral. In a little village on the Up
per Penobecot the monotony of a lon
winter was broken by the funeral of the
yoar-old child of one of the church dea
cons. The whole town poured out to
tne funeral services. They wero nsh
red Into the parlor, and there sat with
an air of sorrowful expectancy, waiting
for the ceremonies to begin
Something had gone wrong, and ths
guests grew impatient Finally th
Deacon appeared at the door. His f-'
was long as ho said:
"My friends, excuse this unseemly
delay. We have mislaid the corpse!"
After much trouble the object of their
search was found. The little coffin
had been placed on a table in the bail
where it had been forgotten by the be
reaved family, and the guests as they
entered had thrown off their wraps upon
the table, and thus the oversight was
caused. The corpse being found, the
aervicea proceeded as usual. N. Y. Sun.
Brown "How time" fies." Jenkinl
"I am not aware of its speedy P-
age." B. "Then you have not a nots
topiy." J.-"No; 1 hold yours. "-Ho