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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 26, 1889)
rfEW YORK FASHIONS.
nme or tha I Chareetarlttles al
Ho- Auluma stjlr..
The printed Araerloan silks brought
out this season form tome of the most
attmctlve toilets. They are made of
the primed silk alone with velvet rib
bon trlminlri(f; or they form Empire
gown that open on a plain silk skirt
and wnlst. These textiles also appear
in Dlrectolre fashion for matrons,
irith long straight coat-tails and nar
row panel falling softly over skirts of
accordlon-plulted China silk. These
latter gowns are usually In black and
white combinations the panels are
lined with white silk, and the China
Ilk underskirt is trim mod with rows
of blaok velvet ribbon or those of
moire. The handsome toilets In black
and white are always admired by
women of refined tastes, and this sea
son there has been an elegant display
of dresses of this description. In full
dress havo appeared deml-traincd
prlncesse robes of white strewn with
black outlino dovlces of flowers and
leaves. The bodice and skirt draper
ies aro made of black point d'esprlt
net. Black lace over white silk forms
another Ideal gown, and in more youth
ful black and white toilets black lace
over whito lace has been charm
ingly worn. The oorsagea to
many of these are devoid of
darts. For ceremonious toilets much
Jet embroidery and ornaments are still
as much the rage as If an entire nov
elty, and sujurb black transparent
materials are profusely garnltured
with ferns, flowers and foliage In cut
jet work of the most beautiful and
One principal characteristic of the
autumn styles will be the Increased
popularity of the Dlreotolre redlngote,
which will appear in many forms, of
greatly varied materials, and with
simple or elaborate trimmings to suit
the various occasions in which it will
be worn. This becoming overdress
has gained steadily in favor, and red
lngote effocts will multiply continually
during the fall and winter sonsons. It
will take tho place more than ever
before of any other sort of street gar
ment, as no wrap of any description is
needed to accompany It, for during
the cold seoxon it will be made of vel
vet, heavy cloth, and costly Persian
and Venotian cloaking goods. Most
of the new Direotolre rodlngotes
have lost their original se
vere appenranco by the addition
of Empire Inner fronts, girdles,
sashes, etc Composite fashions will
still be the rule, the Empire, the
Dlrestolre, Kussian elements and Gre
cian features, richly-bordered skirts
and draperies like those pictured in
the costumes of the Restoration, the leg-o'-mutton
anil bishop's sleeves In vogue
under Louis I'hlllppe all of those are
features of forthcoming fashions. Hut
these details will not form Indepen
dent elements In this elegunt chaos of
Stylos, for they will be utilized, merged
Into, and commingled until almost
lost in one another. The unique man
ner of combining features of post eras
with thu more modern forms of the
prlncosso dress, and modes of still
earlier date, like Valols and Ixiuls
XVI. stylos, show wonderful taste and
Ingenious art, which Impart a genuine
charm to the whole. Wo see Grecian
skirt druporloa artistically completed
by Venetian bodlot, with their soft,
flowing laces; and quaint Kussian
gowns are made more graceful by
coquettish Kronuh corsages, fancifully
shaped and decorated. All sorts of
novel funcies are Indulged In, and gold
and silver trimmings are still made
great use of, but never with any
garish or gaudy effect when manipu
lated by real artists in gowning. - N. Y
A CulnplsU Mat or I errfi,IU,.r. 1'ut Up at
Auction hi Loniloii.
"I went one day into the store of Ag
new, tho famous picture deulor, and
mini there the whole portrait gallery
of one of tho oldest families in England.
Thu founder was ennobled centuries
agu for distinguished services as a sol
dier, and there was his portrait and
thoso of the Earls and Countesses and
Lords, and ladius, many of thu former
famous In anus and statesmanship, and
the latter as beauties in their time,
down to the present holdur o( the title.
It was thu most brilliant opportunity
ever offered for a suddonly-mudo rich
man, who was In doutit as to thu iden
tity of his grandfather, to buy a ready
madu ancestry of tho purest blood.
Thu most curious development of this
unique exhibition was that thu po
traits of the Indies were valued at from
t. i to twenty times more than those of
the men. While the Cabinet Minister
of Lord High Admiral was prized at
say $1.U0U, his wile, it by Sir Joshua
Reynolds or Gainsborough, might be
valued at AO,000.
"Some of these ancestors had served
as Admiral against the Spanish Ar
mada, as Generals under Murlborough.
and as gallant officers at Waterloo,
and the ladies had stood high In the
favor of Queen Klltaboth, and been
famous favorites at the court of Quoou
Anne. They were all arrayed in thu
oostumes of their several periods,
which best showed their rank and im
portance, and died In the belief that
they would forever bold their places
in the family gallery which would be
ooutlnucd until the end of time. It
vividly recalled that Incident in one of
Gilbert A Sullivan's operas where hh
recent purchaser of an estate, pointing
to a collection of old tombstones and
monuments, says: 'These are my all
ocators. I paid for them.' The one
subject which an American, If he la
wise, never starts on the other side la
the question of ancestry. The noblUtf
of all the countries of Europe reckons
any family parvenu which had not
worn spurs, creeu and title before our
American revolution, and whether wo
are of yesterday or earlier does not In
terest them. This sentiment has its
compensations, because an American
man or woman la valued at his or her
own merit, and not on account of tho
distinction of some remote ancestor."
The absurdity of applying the till
"Mister" to all sorts of men. on all
sorts of occasions. Is well illustrated
p a recent Issue of a South wastara
per. In which It was declared vast
the lata Mr Hank Brtfwa was aaugwd
yesterday in the presence of a largo
aaa interested audience-" ..
rat Fatel Curloaltr or tho Wlte of a
'And you are not happy, HortenseP"
The Intense scorn with which Hor
lenso Montmorencl uttered the word
can not be adequately expressed in
cold, pulseless typo.
She moved rapidly across the great
drawing-room to where her husband
tood under the great crystal chande
lier with its myriads of wax lights
casting a soft glow over the rich fur
nishings of the apartment.
The lovely woman looked like a
queen as she stood there In her superb
toilet and looked with proud disdain
full In her husband's eyes.
"That's what I said."
There was a suspicion of you-maVe-tne-tlredness
In Herbert Cecil Mont
moronci's tone as he carelessly flipped
the ashes from his cigarette upon the
rich Gobelin tapostry carpet with an
air of well-bred ease.
He was a tall, handsome man, was
Herbet Cecil Montmorencl, and he
wore his dress suit with that Inde
scribable grace which Is so character
istic of your true aristocrat und youi
English society actor.
There wore no flies on his style and
"Have I not surrounded you with
every luxury which man's ingenuity
can suggest and monoy can buyr" he
asked, with a slight sneer just playing
around the corner of his well-bred
mouth. "Have I not gratified your
slightest whim regardless of costf Is
there a better dressed woman In all
the circle of your acqualntnnceP Have
I not built a palace foyou to live in,
and filled It with the richest and most
beautiful works of art which the wide
world could supplyP Have I not sur
rounded you with a multitude of ser
vants to do our slightest bidding?
Have I begrudged you money P"
"Ah. there it Is again," suld Hor-
tense, in a tone ol groat weariness.
Money, monoy, money! Til tho
thought of that which so frightens
me. Whore does it all come fromP
Why. oh why. won't you tell me, Her
bert? Why conceal longer your busi
ness from your wlfeP You can not
but know that your sllenco upon this
subject tills me with dread forebod
ings. Kuinember, Herbert Locll. 1
have soon 'Jim, the Penman,' and I
cun not help drawing my own conclu
sions about how you acquire your
enormous wculth so mysteriously and
so rapidly. Huve a care! I am a
woman, and I have all a woman s curi
osity. I will not much longer remain
n Ignorance of tho matter. Herbert
(Veil Montmorencl, I am not a fool."
With his face as white us that of one
f his own marble statues which graced
the drawing room, he answered:
"Softly, my tlgross, softly! Do not
go too fur, or I swear to you by tho
rich bluo blood of my ancestors, you
will ruo the day you ever ranrrled
me. I havo spoken. Good evening,
With a low bow he left the room,
and passing through the double row of
liveried lackoys in tho great hall, en
tered his carriage anVl was whirled
It is In thu private office of the great
detective firm of Simpson. Ferret A
rdmpson. A vailed lady Is engaged la
an earnest conversation with tho great
est detective of the age, Theophllus
"And cun you then discovor tho na
ture of his IsisinessP" she asks, in
tones of suppressed excitement.
"Madam, I myself will shadow him
if need lie day und night, but I will
"Enough said. When you have ob
tained the information I seek come to
me and I will double this sum, und
with these words the vailed lady slips
Into the detective's hand a large roll
of 11,001) bills.
Again wo nre In tho palatini home
of Herbert Cecil Montmoroncl, the
Herbert and HortooM are sitting
lete-u-tete at the table In thu break
fast room. It is furnished entirely in
light blue and white. The walls are
covered with silken draperies und
dainty aquarelles of tlshlng und hunt
ing scones. There Is an air of rell mo
ment and subdued luxury overy where.
"Once more, and for the last time,
Herbert, I usk you to tell mo what your
business is," says Horteuse, as she
toys with her golden teaspoon und
glances across thu table at her hus
li i ml
"And once moot, and for the Inst
time, 1 refuse." answers Herbert, with
a grim smile, as hu daintily wipes his
mouth with a point-lace napkin.
"You peslt vely refuseP"
"I positively refuse. "
The huly stretches forwnrd her
dainty jeweled hand and touches a
gulden bell. A stately butler enters
with noiseless trend.
"Johnson, loll Mr. Simpson 1 will
see him here at once."
The but. or disappears and In the
next moment ushers in Theophllus V.
Simpson, the famous detective. He
bows politely to Mr. and Mrs. Mont
morencl und stands waiting In silence.
"You have followed my instruo
ttonsP" inquired llortense, eagerly, of
"I have, madam."
"Aud you sucoeodedP"
"And his businessp" she asks, rising
part way from her golden IaiuIb XV.
Iiair In bur iuernaalng excitement.
There is a dreadful pause, and a si
lence so intense that it seenis to fill
the renin to suffiH'ation and be trying
to burst the limits of the wails and
eape into the world at large. This
lasted fully thirty seconds; then the
detective leans forward, and In a voice
trembling with the intensity of bis
emotion, says in a hoarse whisper:
"He Is the head waiter In a Coney
With the smothered shriek of a
stifled limn i :ic llortense fell prone
upon the Assyrian carpet
Herbert arose quietly, calmly light
ed a cigarette and tumUur tu the da-
....,;.... ...L.l In a tern- of mol villuiny:
t ' i i ' . -". fwssw W
"I have played my game and I havo
lost I wish you joy of your victory."
Then pointing to the prostrate fig
ure of Horicnse, he smiled sardonical
ly, and loft the room with the well
bred ease so charicterlstlc of the true
aristocrat and head waiter. N. Y.
ROUND ABOUT WATERLOO.
RcmlnlK-rnt Vlow or thu famous Old Bat-llr-Kiold.
Waterloo and the villages near by
must have Increased three or four fold
since the Hundred Days. Progress
shows her portrait In divers adver
tisements of sewing machines and
pitent fuel and infallible pills, and
what not. stuck up on walls or mold
erlng boarding. You havo left the
town behind you. and an awful stretch
of rough paving that has wrung your
ankles most horribly. The white
clouds aro sailing In the bluo sky.
The cornflowers nod their blue bonds
upon the bunk. The tall ears of the
wheat bend und nestle before tho fresh
breeze blowing over from di-tant
Hougoiimont. Luckily you can boa-t
doing your five miles an hour, and so
can soon outstrip the worrying crew
of photo sellers that try to follow
yelping and bawling at your heels.
Now you are up on the top of the hill
again und can look down upon the
Held. Seo to tho left the modest house
behind the light gate whsre Petit
Caporal slet tho sleep of the unjust
the night before the groat battle.
The peasants brought some bundles of
straw and a chair to the knoll nigh by
(tho butte do Rossomime), and there
he sat conning tho maps and question
ing tho old farmer who stood by him
nightcup in hand. Well! well! the
fight was fought und won; and the
dead sleep beneath the field and the
wheat grows just the same only, per
ohunce u little richer than it did a
hundred yoars ago.
A pretty land, too, by the way, Is
this lund of Hrabunt. Now and again
rod tile roofs aro to be seen amid the
somber shit.-. In the ehlil months
teams of sturdy oxen plow the curv
ing slopes. Yellow-haired, close
cropped little ones play In tho cottage
doors. Anil when the evening shadows
lengthen, the Angelus comes stealing
over the still Holds, and the rough
laborur luys down his spade, and, cap
in hand, listens to the music with a
half-murmured pruyor upon his lips.
It is evening now at last as you make
your wuy down tho hill into old Gen
appe. In tho long street the children
are playing. As you hult a moment
to look ut the quaint little shrine out
side the church, the balmy fumes of
Incense llout through the hnlf-oponed
door. "Avo Mario gratia," the simple
folk are singing within. You picture
to yourself that day when Uxbrldge's
men charged down tho hill und pistol
shots anil subcr points even splintered
tho lattice of the humble homos by the
roadside. Eh Men! that Is a long time
ago. Now the i ountry Is quiet enough,
and the children are playing In the
street. But yet a mushroom growth
of star forts is rising on the frontier,
and the rattle of wheels and tumbrils
is heard oven where on the roads.
And who can tull what the future may
bring forth? -St. Junius' Gazette.
IN CASE OF SNAKE-BI
Measures to Ho Taktui When No Help Is
I nm often nsked what I would do if
bitten whilu far from help. If the
wound be at the tip of a linger, 1
should like to got rid of tho part by
some such prompt auto-surgical menns
us a knife or u possible hot Iron uf
fords. Fulling these, or while seeking
help, It Is wise to quarantine the
poison by two ligatures drawn high
enough to stop all circulation. The
heart weakness Is mudo worso by
emotion, and ut this time a man may
neod stimulus to enable him to walk
home. As soon us possible some one
should thoroughly Inft'trato the sent
of the lute with h: mnngnnalo or other
agents. It; working und knendlngthe
tissues the venom und thu antidote
may be made to comu into contact,
and the former be so fur destroyed.
At tills time it becomes need 'ul to re
lux the ligatures to escupe gnngreno
This relaxation of course lets some
venom into the blood-round, but in a
few moments is is possible again to
tighten the ligatures, and again to in
jtgft the local antidote. If the dose of
venom lie large and thu dl-tance from
help great, except the knife or cautery
little is to be done that is of value.
Hut it is well to bear in mind that in
this country a bite in ifee extremities
rarely causes death. I huve known
of nine dogs having been bitten by as
many snakes and of these dogs but two
died. In India there would have
been probably nine dead dogs. Dr. 8.
Weir Mitiliol'l. In The Century.
"What do they do when they in
stall u minister?" inquired a small
boy; "do they put him In a stall and
feed hint?" "Not always," said his
father: sometimes thuv harness him
to the church and expect him to draw
around floor Frio.
"How much aro straw berries!" ihs wearily
asked a VA.s.lwar.t avt-uus gruosr.
"Tan cents, ma'am."
ls.il t that highr
"Well, yea, but they are certain to go
"Do you think aoP
"Why, certainly If Austria and Russis
so to war, as now seetu probable, straw bor
rise will jump to Arty oeuu a quart in n
"Yes, 1 -spues so. and I vpcas Charles will
agree that I ought to buy now You may
jiv me s pint Detroit Free tram
A Frank Eiplanatioa.
"Mr Dashaway," said one of the real lady
board en, as she polished her plats with her
napkin. I hope you will pardon me for mwi
Honing It, but we ladies have been remarking
of lata that yon nerer appear at the tabkt
twice wearing the same necktie.
'Toe fact nv madam," said Peshawar, ai
he glanced grimly at iln. Sluu.li.jt, the land
lady, "I must bars some variety "Clothier
A Fellow Fewllag.
King Milan la fear full, short of
and utterly without credit" When Broke
key read this he thrust both bands Into his
pockets up to the wrist, and exclaimed. tneJo
JrautaUcaUy "Mow 1 know what It a to feel
us a kin( l-f laajande
rHE MILLER AND THE CAMEL.
Ttr Arshs tall H s mlllsr
Who one mornlns frum hU repots
Was wskeued bv hearing s camnl
Through the window thru.t his noes.
"It's oold out hers.'' said the creature,
And I wish sir. If rou please.
Just to warm m nose a moment;
It's so chilled I fear 'twill freeis."
"All right " said the other, kindlv;
"You do look pinched and tbla."
"O, thank you I" replied the cainsL
And hi. heitd went further la
goon, while the miller tlumhsred.
Both bead and neck were turoiignl
Then presently in at the window
The body entered, too.
Now. the room was clots and narrow,
And the ilartled sleeper woks,
And to his ungainly Inmate
At length, complaining, spoke.
Really, my friend, whits willing
To grant your Brat request.
My quarters are not sufficient
To bold to large a guest."
"Very well." tald the other, eootlr,
"If you Und It as you say,
Move out-ln fact, you'll bare to
For I have come to ttay."
How plainly this story teaches
(At you perceive, no doubt)
In ir.n, ilw heart admitted
Will toon the right drlvs out.
And how plain It warnt ut, alto.
At thu very lint to thun
The evil that nems so bannlett.
Ere un entranoe hat been won.
Kin. I'Miip B. Strom, la Oolltt oil.
A Farty of Despondent Tourists Saved by
In the fall of 1879 a party of three
men were sight-seeing and hunting in
the Yellowstone National Park, and ;
having prolonged their stay until late
in October, were ovortukon by a torrl-
blf snow-storm, which completely block-;
aded und obliterated all the trails, and
filled the gulches, canyons ajul coulees
tn such u depth that their horses could i
not travel over them at all. They had
lain In citmi) three duys wuiting for
the storm to abate, but as it continued
to crow in severity, and as the snow
becamo deeper and deeper, their situa
tion grew daily and hourly more alarm
ing. Their stock of provisions was
low, tiiOJf had no shelter sufficient
ti withstand the Hirers of a whiter at
that ultitude, and it was fust becoming
a nnestion whether tliev should ever ue
able to escape beyond the snow-clad
peaks und snow-tilled canyons witn
which thev were hemmed in. Their
only hope of escupe was by abandon
ing their horses, und constructing
show-shoos which might keep them
above the snow; but In this case they
could not carry bedding and food
annuffb to lost them throughout Ui
several duyB that the journey would
occupy to the nearest ruuen, aim uie
BhanoM of killing game en route after
the severe weather had set in were ex
tremely precarious. They had al
ready set about making snow-shoes
from the skin of an elk which they
bud MVed. Ono pair had boen cora
nleted. and tho storm huving abated.
one of thu party Bet out to look ovor the
surrounding country for the most
feuBiblo route by which to get out, and
also to try if possible to Hud game of
some kind. He hud gone about a mile to
wurd tho northoast when he came upon
tho fresh trail of a large band of elk
that were moving toward the oast He
followed, and In a short time cume up
with them. They were traveling in
Hinglu tile, led by a powerful old bull,
who wallowed throiiL'h biiow. in which
only his hood und neck were visible.
with nil the uutieiico and preseverance
of a faithful old ox. The others fol
lowed him tho stronger ones in front
and tho weaker ones bringing up the
rear. There wore thirty-seven in the
bund, und by the time they hod all
walked in the sumo line they left it an
open, well-beaten trull. The hunter
approached within a few yards of them.
They were greatly alarmed when they
saw him i und made a few bounds in
various directions; but Seeing their
struggles were In vain, they meekly
submitted to what seemed their im
pending (ate. aud fell back in rear of
their tile-leader. This would have been
tho golden opportunity of a 9kin
hunter, who could and would havo
shot them all down in their trucks from
a single stand. Hut such wus not tho
mission of our friond. Ho saw In this
noble, struggling bund a means of
deliverance from what hud threatened
to bo it wintry grave for him and his
companions. Hu did not tiro a shot,
and did not in any way create unneces
sary alarm amongst tho elk, but hur
ried back to camp und reported to his
friends what ho had soeu.
lu a momomt the cuinp was a scene
of activity and excitement. Tent, bed
ding, provisions, every thing that wits
absolutely necessary to their journey,
wore hurriedly packed upon their puck
animals; saddles were placed, rifles
were slung to the saddles, aud leaving
all surplus baggage, such as trophies
of their limit, mineral specimens, and
curios of various kinds, for future
comers, they started for tho elk trail.
They had a slow, tedious and ialiorious
task breaking a wuy through tho deep
snow to reach it, but by walking and
leadiug their saddle animals ahead, the
pock annuals were able to follow
slowly. Finally they reached tho trail
of the elk herd, and following this,
after nine duys of tedious aud painful
traveling, the party arrived at a ranch
between the upper falls of the Yellow
stoue river a ad Yellowstone lake, on
the Stinking "iver. which was kept by
a "squaw man" and his wife, where
they were enabled to lodge and re
cruit themselves and their stock, and
whence they finally reached their
homes in safety, 'the band of elk
passed down the river, aud our tour
ists never saw them again; but they
have doubtless long ere this all fallen
a prey to the ruthless war that is con
stantly being waged against them by
hunters white and red. U. O. HhitUi,
in Uurjxr t lj.a.i .i.
A well-anbwn traveling theatrical
manager has implicit faith In the be
lief that if a deadhead Is the first per
son to enter a theater It will bring bad
luck. While on the ruad recently two
young ladies holding complimentary
tickets were the first to present them
telves at the theater when the doors
were opened. The manager's brow
lowered when he saw the paper, and
to the amaiemeot of tho ladies be
requested them to wait In the lobby
until some tickets bad been su.d at the
Kellgloe t Cartela Comma-
..1,1.. I,. Welleru Asia.
According to HerrGustav PaulL who
recently made a Journey from Tabrlx to
Lake Van, the Nestorlan Christians
grace with the name of devil-worshipers
a numtwr oi bsisiii
through Russian and Turkish Armenia
.... ir.n... ..( 'I . , i down to
number of communities auai..-.
and In the Valley of theTlgris down to
Mosul. Near Mosul, In the outapurs ot
Kurdistan, lies Ba-Hasanl, the holy
city of the Jeslds or devU-worshlpers,
and containing the temple and mauso
leum of their Sheik Adl. and not far
thence the village of Bashlyka. tho
residence of their civil and relig otii
head. According to tradition, their
faith had Its origin In certain apostate
members of Armenian Church, and
their name is variously derived from
Josu or Jesld. one of their chiefs, and
. .u. .., I7jt Their mun nun
. ,, ,V. enr or orl-
BfOBBDV, nowo.s... ------
oHn derivod from the Influence oi an
Hi rullirions successfully noiuing
sway In those regions, from Zoroastrl
anism to Islam.
They address prayers to the sun at
his rising and kiss the place first touched
by his beams. At certain festivals they
warm the Angers of their right hand at
the holy taper, then draw them over
their right eyebrows and kiss them.
The Supreme Being they name Allah,
and reverence the founder of Islam as
a prophet, while they reverence Christ
as a great ange;l naming Him Bon Isal
Nurani (Jesus. Son of the Light), who
one day will come to rule the world.
They desire to live In good understand
ing with Shaltan (SatanP), the devil,
and so great is their respect for him
that they do not presume to pronounce
his name, but call him "Melek-Taup."
and pay honor to him symbolically as
allght-glver (Lucifer), ana in uieuguru
of a bird. Our Thursday Is their Sab
bath. They fast forty days In the spring,
but are not over strict In the observance
of such fast, preferring rather to do It
by proxy. One member of the family
fasting will do for all the others as well
as himself. Children are Immediately
after birth baptized with the water of
the holy spring at the f rave of the
8helk Adi. To this end that water Is
fetched to places very remote from the
holy well by mendicant monks(Kawall.)
all belonging to one single family.
Tho Jeslds have a horror of the color
of blue (flame of sulphurP). and os
ohew all attire of that hue. They havo
the reputation of being strictly honest
and moral. They show great respect
to women, so that a woman may ac
quire tho priestly dignity. Polygamy
is allowed only witn trioal-cnieis. ine
common man may have but one wife,
for whom he has often to pay the
mother a rather high price. Priests
and Kitwal may not marry out of their
caste. A widow dresses In white, and
etiquette requires of her even to strew
dust on her head and smear her face
with clay. Corpses are first washed
and then buried with tho face toward
the Polar star. In the killing of ani
mals all the blood Is drain! off by
outtlng through the artery of the neck,
M with the Jews and Mohammedans.
They cling with great tenacity to their
faith, but refuse the adoption of any
proselytes Into their ranks. Philadel
phia Horth American.
THE RUSSIAN CAPITAL.
The City C'sar Peter Hullt on the
Murines or the Meva.
There was a sublime ruthlessness
about the Czar Peter which reminds
us at every step of the operation
of the forces of nuture. YV hut recKea
he how many of 40.000 serfs whom he
Impressed every year to build his city,
perished In tho murshP As little as
tho earthquake which engulfs a city or i
the ty phoou which desolates a province.
He was an elemental force embodied in
human form and what a force! No
one can properly appreciate the colos
sal energy of the man until he has had
some acquaintance with the unconquer
able Inertia of the people whom Peter
set himself to force into step with na
tions hundreds of years In advance of
Muscovy. KtroO to this day his coun
trymen have uot quite made up their
minds whether he wus a fiend or an
archangel, antichrist, or a a new ava
tar. But surely in all history there are
few more pathetically tragic spectaoles
than this tremendous battle with mud
giants on the part ot this modern
Thor, a struggle constantly re
newed by his unconquerable will,
but constantly thwarted by that stu
pidity against which the gods them
selves contend in vain. I suppose Mr.
Auberon Herbert would see in the
story of Peter's heroio attempt to
knout a nation into reform a tolling
object lesson as to the fatuity of all
efforts to force thu pace of nature. But
Peter himself, with his fiery energy
aud unconquerable will, was at least
as fundamental a piece of nature as
the sluggishness and superstition with
which hu waged so sore a war. It is
true he failed in much, and many
' things have uot turned out as he
hoped. Kvuu St. Petersburg is now
admitted to occupy by no moans the
most desirable site on the Russian sea
board. Tlie mortality among tho levies
whose labor built the city was great,
but the number who perish by the un
healthiness of the site year after year.
I even to this day, is still more appall
ing. Thu death rate of St Petersburg
Is nearly double that of Ixndon, and,
even if all allowance la made for the
difference of sanitary science, tho mor
tality due to tho site selected by Peter
can hardly be less than 10 per 1,000
per annum. As the population ot the
capital is 9.10,000. this Is equivalent to
an annual hecatomb of 9,300 victims
sacrificed to the manes of the Despot-
s. . v. kVNvr.iwruf illVKM
iha Quito-Turn faster. BUlr. takkia
I o ba a bot unaw.-UtT
1 HE DOUBLE CHIN.
Fhtlotopher Laeater Pronounces It "Re
on's Own Image."
The great justification of the double
chin rests, of course, on Its unrivaled
value as an Index of character! It 1
not difficult to divine what Lavuter
thought of a double chin. He eare-
fully points out that man umers m.iu
, " animtt,H chlefly Dy his chin, laying
. - -i..... ihut th I'll in is
O i ii.ll MM .'III 11A1.M.I ...WW -"-
the distinctive churucteristio of Hu
manity; consequently, double-chinned
people are doubly differentiated from
the beasts that perish, which is greatly
to their credit He expressly takes
for his model of "the thinker, full
of sagacity and ponotattlon." a man
with a fleHhv double chin, coupled with
a nose rounded at the end. The por
trait he gives is even better than the
letter-press, as the gentleman is limned
with at least five chins, so that his lower
juw Is a vista of magnificent dlstunces,
i .a.. ...
,-e Vt ushlngloil. 1 m "')"'
- -r- MmimA wilt
; ognomy o. me uUuulD. . -r- ---
tha i-mimled nose, characterizes, lit
tells us, the mind which can rise to
heights, and which follows it designs
with reflecting ttrmnesB unalloyed by
obstinacy. Let, therefore, those with
double chinB rejoice, whether they pos
sess rounded noses or not, and quote
Lavator In gratitude. Ho gives again
another example of the double mcnton,
i.nd the face so endowed, he says en
thusiastically, Is Reason's own image.
He quite revels in this feature. He
takes an example of Raphael with a
beautifully rounded doublochin, and iD
criticising It he acknowledges that the
profile Is wanting In truth, harmony,
and grace; but then, asks he, how is It
it so strongly takes captive our sym
pathy? Where lies the Illusion? Mere
ly In the chin, he answers, and as the
chin is a double one. the matter is no
longer a mystery. He points trium
phantly to Cicero's magnificent double
chin, and In a burst of eloquence Bays of
Wren's that. If you can find a man with
(among other things) such a chin a
that, without being gifted with some
extraordinary talent, he ronouncoBfor
ever the science of physiognomy.
What Lavater has thus laid down,
experience simply corroborates. The
double-chinned, therefore, should hold
their heads up higher. In the consci
entiousness of modest merit, and give
free play and just prominence to their
certificates of character. It Is, as
hinted above, rather difficult ut present
to tell who Is endowed and who is not.
Portrait-painters are craven enough to
dissimulate a double chin; thoy leave
It to the caricaturist, who seem to think
it great fun for a popular statesman or
poet to havo two chins, whereas those
appendages are the socret of their
success. Some of our most observant
writers havo got a glimpse of the truth:
Mr. Wilkio Collins, for instance. He
very properly credits Count Fosco, the
mau of daring, resource and determin
ation, with a double chin, to which
Fosco' s pet cockatoo calls public at
tention, by rubbing his head against it
In tho moBt appreciative manner pos
sible. But your ordinary novelist
would never have thought of that. As
an Englishman, by tho way, one natu
rally turns to Shakespeare, to see
whether his appoarunce corroborates
levator's views. Shakespeare un
doubtedly foresaw the point, as he
foresaw every thing elBe, but he was
sufficiently artful to wear just enough
benrd to place it in eternal doubt
whether he had a double chiti or not.
Thus ho leaves it open to all parties,
single-chinned or double, to quote him
as an instunce of any thing they like,
which, after all, is thu great use wnieh
;; s,mko h(w al bot)u t
j M, standanL
t . .
STRENGTH OF ROPES.
Hesult of Experiments Made by a French
The quality of tho workmanship,
strength, extensibility and elasticity ol
round and flat ropes of hemp and aloe,
nd of iron and steel wire, have been
oxperimontully investigated by A. Du
boul, and the results of his experiments
published in the Bullutin do la Socleto
u' Kncouragement des Arts, Purls. In
his experiments Mr. Duboul used a
horizontal hydraulic press and it weigh
ing apparatus consisting of a steelyard
and sliding weight, by which tension
ol from one to 1SD.(KH pounds could bo
recorded. For higher pressure u gauge
on tho body of tho press was used.
Specimens were fastened by winding
ouch end on a grooved pulley of special
construction. Tho usual length of spec
imens for testing was thirteen foot
The results of all the tests gave for
the average tensile strengths of ropes
Lbi. per lo. inch.
White hemp 105K) to n,io
Turrrd he-iip I.TOM 10 S.4i
White manlla. u,SOO to lO.BiiO
vt km aloes B.oun to
Flat, tarred hemp or munllu..
MOO to K4UJ
A factor of safety of 4, or even 8 in
some cases, is considered safe ropes.
A rope of unannuuled wire bus an
ultimate tensile strength of about
55,000 pounds per square inch of sec
tion of metal; when annealed the ulti
mate strength is reduced to about
45,000 pounds, but the elongation is
nearly doubled, being U to 15 per
cent in annealed wire. The best wire
ropes for mining purposes have a
much higher tensile strength. An
other writer on the same subject say
that the tensile strength of a wet rop
is only one-third that of the same rop
when dry. and that a rope saturated
with soup or grease is still weaker.
"Accept my hand, Augusta." Ant
the maiden looked at the baud, which
was something smaller than the average-sized
sall-tlsh. hesitated a moment
and then said sweetly: "Isn't tbert
a discount something off, where you
lake so large au order." Builon
WIT AN J WIS30M.
The desire of appearing to be wise
often prevents our becoming so.
Ten people say that a thing ought
to be done where one will propose to do
-Good things have to be engraved
on the memory; bad ones stick there o
Mother Dar. now, I doae tola you not to
play arid omu wklta rhUowoa Dej lick ail
I hwasa off yr bread and das call ysr nig
sr I Taxaa iOmn,
Carl Myers Think. It m
husband of Carlotta tv. ...
feminine mronaut, aa idei.,?,Tl
elf for the pasttwelv alZS
problem of mrlal Davi..i. ilk'
been a guest at the Wsvn u h,k
Ino- the mut ... JM "Hi...
atr.'cal man might call u, Z'
manager. He sometime,
little excursion up Into the .jf
try to see If the etherralLS
natural and If thing. J"
but not often. The asMntlon,!?
he himself has moiU B..Jr
forty-four. He has. howeVM
Ifl nilll if l"l Ml HI IT y nm-
tracts with county fairs and "
July celebration, to fumi.h C
and experienced air sailor .T4
muij limn fiUiui .
.,i,i.. ii.. i . u
r- i uas Manila,.
............. enniNim in tho l
........ .1 1.-1,
tun utuioon .
manufactured from sea island
uutuuiuo, wnun ireiit.nl h. .
invented bv hi
(...... .. 1 :. 1.
tiuiu which w IlianUTm'fnvw.
I I 1 ' I 1 1 H -Ill, ....... 1 I
t . ai . i - r-iiotn
...... vu uiinvuhd
...... ....... iiiiiuis Will nitniMn at
. tum .mun ui iiiivim, inn . . 1
StlltU LcLMBllltlirfW .trwl .J
rusnnuirtnalltr lnirin u..
J J "i tl Hi (, (.
uiiui now ne utL.
a . - "ww ww
as I n Mda . H ... . I 1 4
a iciKO "Uiuucr Ul nOl-lll. K.H..
His gas balloons aro manneJtl
mucn larger number than that to rsa
his hot-air contrivances.
Tho result of long study dernuJ
uuuu huh uuou io mane .Mr. Jltw
una uouevor ill ine eventlu n
jillty of navigating the
Ho is now the proprietor of thak
said to be the only balloon facton,
thti world hut. hn .1 ... .1 .. 11. J
tion mat such concerns will 6ome
be as common as car shops or
!,., t ll l i- i .
- .. .V.W.1UW. m
nK., ..I.,.. .... . .. ..LILM .. 1
pabilities In the near future. It
nruviilnri' with u ppworirnU ,.,.!-!
Bumcient nyarogen gastosupponi
weight of one individual Thet
uicn.iB ui a uoow: VUVfWSfl UT
hands and feet it can be propelled
any direction in the air desired,
experiment already made with
m outline snuws its iirscticaDi i v. al
it 1b easier to run it than it U to
pel a bicycle on land.
"The same propelling npparatu
a larger scale could, of courne, be
to navigate a great air-ship, ilt
ciently powerlul engine, nottuo
to overcome tho lifting power ol
gas, could be found to furnish the
live Doner. i uiu i un t-Aiirr meni
with encouraging results, on
light, simple contrivance run bt
rrss ve e nk sni i n snm
of dynamite." Detroit Tribune.
VERY OLD CUSTOMS.
UIIRl. ..... .-.,.l.,,il,, n .", .....u.i.i.i
or at least from war, and the) ill
quered person to the ronquenu
as in private life wo still continot
....... .......... lit., "rwr hnmriii
viints of our corrcsponaenu im
covered head was simply we neat
armod, tho helmet being remote.
Dart v wus ut mercy. BOWSBnt
,.v,w ivua tin, mini i nLr.iur.
antl nt 111., nr.icnt tllll,- II MM
ility to shake hands with gloves
.... I,..,l. it,,. w:i ', 4
of truce, in wnicn mo (ion'"
11U1U en. ii ul me wi.v. - -j
to make sure against treachery.
aisu a ircuweiimii o ,a -
o t be neck to me miuku ui "-
sary; so the lady's courtesy is w
f,,i.ii, nf rrn nrr nn her kneOSIOTW
Tho general principle is marttec.
ougni naiurany to to -
strongly in the case of nuuurj
Wliy is niliscnargeui -
Iteciiiise 11 leaves me tiui-r.
at tne mercy oi me wrr"' ,
this is so true mat me ".- ,
blank cartridge is a modern m
rortnerlv snlutes were u.v.
otinrrm; tne cannuu
. ha 1 10 VU1
in wh'ob m
lllhVU UltH IIIOVWMvw-
. I., fata II
Dliment has been neam
VlBllUI WIIUIII It lucni-v w
the officer salutes he point tw
k U i ii'i I tn thi trrmind. and tbe
t. ; nwintiT hi U"
the trooner is even at this at)
"presenting arms m
tag them to be pawo.-'"' -
. - . T ,, 1 1
1. i-Hel., iii the .WM""1
aid upon Chinese Donuru"" jj
that It Is very generaiit r
Whenever great floods or
t anon kitchens
lil, ...I Tl, ...... nre SIK'ICU" -
...,oi,, in thoaa who ran
them, for gathering nuin-
.... . , .... .. - "
I. I,..,-., I. line e.
i nttwhla burial, I"' I
uting plasters and drugs, suu
senting "virtue boons.
tu .. ut.:v. Consul at
i ne aniaa .y
on tne rorsian imm
.v i. r .lute and m
I lie i uu i , ,i i i"u M
i k. for that cu -1
i ..mont 0"
place in mo cuin - ,n
' to raaw m
maianvui iciom -
... i- now coup
a,u IU. in.... -j.
1 rare; and sallow comple"""
I . ui.u ......ml tears V
! .i nmr no loaf
universal, a , . ,
... 1 J .rMt'D
the northwest wum. -a
the hot weather. ins,eeli
i moist and clammy, as
-Queen Louisa of D""
called the "mother-in-l ,
uu. ul. ai.u
Europe," has remarkaw' t ,
filiation biiu '.- ji
iM-iMiim v attetuleo, j
and the Czarina ot ft
a , -tav M
self in the direction P'
aaiu to oe uuc u r0
I n,Hmlpa Of Our"