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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 13, 1888)
lrlVct lt"l ro-iltiiliMit to it foinplett)
Sloop in man in the periodical rest
of tho bruin, with suspension of voli
tional muscular activity. The system
of rt'.lii'.'oi;, by moans of which mini
comes to know wnrl Is llido-d w;th the
outside world his follotv-boir.gs, in
In abeyance fur llio sake of roporo i.iiij
repair. In perfect sleep there in u
stoppage of sense-Impressions, 11 lo'.-lt-ing
up or deadening of consciousness.
Tho system of maintenance of tlio in
dividual, uh digestion, respiration,
secretion, is ulono cloIj work, and
tbut probably slowed to half or three
quarter speed. The only parts, then,
of thu nervous system Inevitably uot
ive are those osHontiiit to tho persist
ence of life function simply auto
matic und called ordorly-rollox, which
are lis tinpereeivod tin If tlio foro-bruln
were v.-anlitiga condition shown ex
perimentally in iiniiimls after decapi
tation, or when the connection between
the br.i'n and bpiuat cord hnn been in
terrupted. Beheaded frogs will whisk
off a J ri of acid from their skin,
make purpose-like defensive move
inoiilo when pinched by a forceps,
punning their feet against tho Intern
ment; croak when the back In stroked,
mid take u sitting posture; all like
will-acts with a whole brain, and yet
they are necessarily only inconsistent
re 11 ex instincts of the lower norvoiiH
centers. Dacoits. a band of thieves
in India. steal a mattress from under a
sleeper without waking him. first
deepening sleep by fanning the victim,
then tickling the part of the body next
the operator, when tho Kleoper auto
matically edges away a little. Tho
fanning and tickling are repeated till
the ninii sidles quite o!I his bed. A
notion of the distinction between con
scious volitional activity and that
which in only automatic is es
sential to the right understnnd
ing of the phenomena of sloop.
In the waking Mate, when a
sensation coined to tho gray eolls of
the fore-brain, thero In always a por
cepllnii, which may or may not give
rise to iv will-act, while the reception
of a stimulus by a lower center gets
only an automatic answer. Sleep is
not a single state, but a series of
states. 'Hits may be made plain by an
analysis of an after-dinner snooze,
when "ilmm iciuilur tommi" or of a
cati'h-n'i;) at church or In aearriago.
For a v lillo It in tho "mystic middle
Htate"' 'twixt sleep and wako. When
tho ey position of sleep gainn upou us,
tho eyelids grow heavy and droop,
consciousness gets confused, wo huvo a
lin.y notion of what Is going on about
us, and fancy often makes some play
at thu outpost of dreamland; there is
gradual loosening of tho muscular sys
tem, the eyelids close, the head bobs
and then falls on the chest; and, as wo
stool away from our own company, the
muscular sense that by which we
feel tho possibilities of our muscles,
and which give us tho notion of the
presence of our bodies is deadened
and soon lo.it. as well as the Intuition
(if time and space, and then we are
"off." We are, to somo extent, en
ruppirt still with our surroundings;
ronseiousiios is "scotched, not killed,"
dim Impression, loiter, and a slight
noise, a spoken word, even In a low
tone. t!ii) stopping of the carriage or
of the drowsing pi t seller, recall con
telo',it!c.s, for a moment a little
dazed. If the doze has not been vexed,
the awakening is by steps, and, If we
hoed. vn sh:ill lltvl that tho muscular
sen-e first goes on duty, and tho cor
tain'y of the lower limbs is the earliest
dawn of personality. In customary
Hleep. externality and the measure of
the bully are first lost, tho mental
images failing away last in clouding
thoughts and flittering fancies. lr.
Meredith Chnier, in Forum.
How lli Coveted lUU of Caper Are I'rlnted
I mli-r I'l.i'le S till's lllrt-cHoli.
The s'rnniferln Washington saunter
ing along the streets In tho early
morning in the neighborhood of the
Treasury Building Is likely to be at
tracted by the sight of a curious,
heavy vehicle, which is being awk
wardly trundled along towards tho
building o" the United States Bureau
of 1'rlnting and Kngraving. This
strange looking vehicle Is not unlike a
huge iron safe on wheels, ami tho
spectator, not unnaturally, forms tho
opinion that its contents must be of
great value to render necessary this
unique method of protection. If,
liowever. It were possible to unlock
the safe and examine its contents, it
would be seen that they were merely
numerous sheets of blank paper.
Then, why this precaution?
The paper, which Is regularly taken
every morning from tho treasury to
the bureau In this way, Is brought
back at night as legitimate United
States currency. The entire lot, com
prising thousands and thousands of
sheets, is counted and counted care
fully at the treasury and Is charged
to the bureau. Kvery one of those
sheets must be returned as perfect
money, or If any are spoiled in tho
printing they must be satisfactorily
accounted for. In the process of mak
ing, before the bills are finally turned
out as Mulshed, they must paws
1l:i-u;;;!i the bands of n great many
dilT. rent persons, and so it is necessary
to have a variety of clever devices to
juvvent any of tho money from being
tli-hon--.tly abstracted. Owing to
devices and reocated countings
fr.ii-.d i-. rendered almost Impossible.
In order to follow the process of tho
l!iiir,' of these greenbacks, as they
yx -. iroii:.'h tho various stages in the
ll.u eau of Printing and Kngraving one
li-.x'ds to (;o In the tlM place to a room
04 the first floor. Hero are ubout
twenty cngniVer. tho most clover art
isans in their line of work in the coun
try. Thi y aiM seen bending over tho
plutos of steel, putting on tho fine
flulicnto touches which 11 requires kc
much experience to do well. They aro
Seated under mellow, milk-whit;
shades, which aro waid to throw tho
bi.hf. kind of li'jhj for tho process.
Few pooplo realize the immense
amount of work and skill required to
bring ouo of thoo money plates to a
slate of perfection. It is estimated
that when finished one would cost
about llftoon hundred dollars. Of
course tho (iovernmont is obliged to
pay the engravers high salaries, and
perhaps this Is one of tho reasons why
thero is not more counterfeiting done.
Around tho walls of this room are hung
some One hpoeiinons of tho engraver's
skill. Here, also, stand several great
saf,:s, in which tho plates aro kept at
night. Tho locks of tlieso safes aro
so constructed thut they can not bo
opened until seven o'clock in tho morn
ing, and even then sovor.tl koys are
required, each of which is hold by a
On tho floor above the pressmen will
be found at work. They aro paid by
tho piece and acquire wonderful dex
terity. There are in all about ono
hundred of those engraver's presses,
which aro worked by men. while the
feeding Is dona by girls. Tho press
men are required by law to pay tiiese
girl.) t'1.2o per day, but so rapidly do
they work that they can make a very
fair salary at tho business.
Tho bills aro printed by tho sheet
each turn of the lever on tho press Is
registered. Then, at the end of the
day. each pressman is held responsible
for tho number of bills recorded by
tho machine. So great la the heat re
quired In the process of printing that
tho bills fairly smoke as they aro taken
from the press. Next, they aro num
bered and after having received tho
seal they are taken into another room
und placed in a drying machine. When
thoroughly dry, each sheet of bills is
placed under a pressure of six or eight
'.ons. This gives the paper its stlff
:ess. As tho last step in the process
tho bills aro severed and done up In
packages of ono thousand, when they
are taken Into still another room for
the limit counting. These professional
counters aro nearly all women, and
their dexterity has often been com
mented upon. If this final counting
tallica with tho original counting the
bills are all placed In tho big safo-liko
vehicle and aro carried back to the
treasury, where they aro stored in
vaults until needed. American Akr-
AFRICA AND EUROPE.
The llculliiK r Hi" White Knee With the
Children of Hani.
Unt il well on in tho present century
the portion of Ham was In tho main re
jected and despised by tho sons of
J'.ipiu t. On tho other hand, the chil
dren of Shorn have had intimate rela
tions with their black cousins from the
arliest period. Not only In Kgypt did
hey make their mark about the be
ginnings of history, but away far south
'n that Zambesi region at present
under dispute between England nml
l'oi'tiigal, strange solid remains are
found, which, as usual, aro attributed
0 the Phii'iiieians tho "Mrs. Harris"
if ancient history. Later still, when
hut most militant of all religions,
'.!:iniism, burst beyond its Arabian
leundarles, it overflowed Into Africa,
md ever stneo tho seventh century
ims been spreading westward and
outhward. Only now has Europe
iwokoto tho formidable character of
1 he results of its twelve centuries of
;ropngandism results which threaten
icriouly to thwart every effort to open
ip the continent to European olvili.n
' ion and commerce. Even when Prince
Henry tho Navigator's pioneers were
edging their way along tho west coast
from cape to cape, Islam had overrun
i large part of the continent, and hud
iis nlrougliolds In tho heart of Africa,
Portuguese annexations, both on the
west and on tho east coast, soon suc
ceeded to Portuguese navigations; Por
tuguese missionaries swarmed about
the Congo and elsewhere, and brought
back a host of names which rendered
the maps of tho sixteenth and seven
teenth centuries more densely crowded
than aro those of the present day.
Hut so far as settlement went, tho
Portuguese, then as now, contented
themselves with planting a fort on the
coast, calling the region behind a col
ony. The truth is, tho settlements of
Portugal on the Africau coast were
mainly intended as stages on her route
to India, and when India, with its
commercial wealth, was taken from
her she was too lazy to take the
trouble necessary to develop tho scan
tier resources of Africa. England and
France and Holland planted themselves
on the African coast over two hundred
years ago, though Holland has long
since retired. Hut their dealings with
Africa were very different from their
dealings with America or India or
Australia. For two centuries, except
perhaps in the case of the Hutch, little
attempt was made by any of these
(severs to penetrate tho interior or do
toioptho resources of tho continent.
in this, as In other things, tho path of
least resistance was adopted. It was
so much easier to colonize and exploit
North America and India and Aus
tralia and tho Malay Archipelago than
It was to work Africa, with Its deadly
climate, its lack of harltors and casilv
navigable waterway s.its comparatively
Munty resources, ' and its Intractable
natives. CvHtemtorary Review.
If you want to disprove the adage
that figures won't lie, just go to any
summer resort and see them lying in
hammers. A". 1. 2'riiw'ic.
Mtlte Delaware's ITIuiltlre Method r,l
1'uiilnhlnf Her t'rliiilnaln.
Peluware Is said to have the most
Iniquitous prison systom of any State
in tho Union. Tho work house scheme
Is adjudged tho best plan for punishing
criminals, but Delaware has none.
What is more, tho State belioves thai
it Is not ablo to build and sustain one.
Tlio system In voguo there Is as ancient
a.i tho M.ison and Dixon's lino which
h Minds tho State. Each county has an
old-f)uhioned jail In which any ingen
ious convict can set his own term of
conlinoment. Jall-breaklng is an in
dustry which Delaware hits protected.
It Is well remembered that the famous
bunk burglar, Big Frank, soveral times
clandestinely took leave of his host, the
Tho writer recently visltod tho jail
atDot'er and s:ew in Us entirety tho
working of that fossilized prison sys
tom for which Delaware is tho widest
known. Tho building is two stories
high and of stone. Joinod to it at one
etid Is a brick residence for tho sheriff.
The jail contains nineteen cells, and as
the prisoners exceed this, two are
crowded Into. some of tho small colls.
On each floor there Is a corridor, which
is only a good-sized cell, but which al
lows the inmates somo pacing room. The
building is clean, and tho prisoners
seem to be fed sufficiently well; but
the abject Idleness In which the pris
oners tiro-kept is Itself a crime. If for
a potty larceny tho theft of a chicken
or a pair of shoes a person Is given
six months in a Delaware prison he is
very apt to come out a confirmed
criminal. In absolute idleness the In
mates while away tho time. Even no
gymnastics aro provided. The felons,
except an occasional dosporato charac
ter, can congit'gato In some one's cell
or In tho corridor, where they play
cards und gamble. The latter is
necessarily conducted on a small scalo.
Thrown thus together and having un
abundance of leisure, each relates his
criminal career. .What ono person
lacks of being a full-fledged outlaw
can be gained from another's experi
ence. There aro youths who iiave
been committed for carrying concealed
weapons or fighting. Those persons
have for their intellectual pabulum
tho fascinating stories told by tho
burglar, tho horso-thlef and the high
A Delaware prison is a sort of chari
table homo for knaves, etc., where Im
morality and indolence are fostered.
In conversation with one of tho pris
oners ho said that ho would prefer to
servo double his term if given work
than to languish in idleness. Ho said
ho had insisted on tho jailor's putting
shackles on him and let him work in
tho yard or garden, and the earnest
ness with which he expressed himself
made ono realize what a boon is the
privilege to work.
Tho whipping-post flourishes In
Delaware, The whole of America ha?
always welcomed England's oppressed
peopto, but tho Diamond State alone
lias cherished tho whipping-post with
a.matornnl pride, even after tho bar
barous child has been disowned by its
mother, England. This mode of pun
ishment was legally adopted in 1717,
while Delaware was still a province ol
"Penn's Woods." Tlio post Is a nec
essary concomitant of tho prison sys
tem there in voguo. A prisoner is
cured for as no other of her citizens.
The whipping-post is necessary to put
a damper on tho eagerness of the vaga
bond class to gain State' support.
Hugging "Old Hannah" is a kind of
hear expedient to prevent too high
premium on crime.
The post resembles t he top of an old
log pump without tho handle. It is
not incased in a cabinet, as Its antiqui
ty should deserve. A stranger, know
ing it only by reputation, could be
ushered into its presence and would
sill inquire for tho whipping-post.
The historic object stands in tin open
y.ird adjoining tho jail, and the semi
annual lashings aro given somo pub
licity. The leniency or severity of the
stripes, which number from livo to
twenty, according to tho crime, de
pends upon both the muscular develop
ment of tho sheriff's biceps and his
temperament. Tho writer found that
somo suffered severely from tho lash,
while others did not mind it. One, a
negro, frankly told how ho passed
through the ordeal. "My fren's
sneaked a quort oh dat gud olo tangle
leg into mo on do day 'foro I hugg'd
Olo Hannor,'" said he, "and I'so so
drunk when dat whip fanned my black
back dat I never feeled it." for. AT.
Awful to Contemplate.
Mother (to daughter) Your papa
has learned Iho name of tho young
gentleman who so heroically rescued
you frTun a terrible death, Clara. He
is a Mr. Potts of Avenue A.
Daughter (with a shiver.) Oh,
mamma, think of a Vero do Vero be
ing saved by a Potts! A". 1". Sun.
"I'm very glad to have been of
any comfort to your poor husband, my
good woman. Hut what made you
send for mo. Instead of your own min
ister?" Wool, sir, it's typhus my
poor husband's got, and we dinna think
it's just red for our Bin minister to
run the risk." London Punch.
A wet soil Is eold and ' seeds
may decay for lack of warmth o ger
minate them. Seeds of perennials
often germinate slowly, and they
r'hould be sown where they can be wen
daily und the soil kept moist.
Doubtless the small lov would find
lit ; io if any sport in playing "buttin'.
buttin", who's got the JmttinY' with a
Mllv-goat, Iiroit i'rtt 1'raa.
SUMMER RESORT IDYLS.
The hweenes anil Hiinpllrltj-nf the Amer
Irun (ilrl lluinnroiiiilr lllimlrateil.
Mrs. Croesus We shall be at Sara
toga four woeks. I think Eleanora
will need thirty dresses.
Wators (tho modiste) Yes. madam.
Mrs. Cru'sus That will give at least
ono new one every day.
WateiM Ttie black laco costumes
will admit of several toilets, madam.
Mrs. Cnesus Then add six more.
won't have my daughter fixing up
ho same dress one day with a red rlb
oon, tho next with a blue, like an ac
tress. Waters O, certainly not. madam!
Mrs. Croesus Not by a long shot,
Wutors You want the eosUune ele
gantly simple, I suppose, for Miss
Cro'sus. She is so young.
Mrs. Crcpsus No. I don t. othmg
of tho sort. I want tho best right
through, and lots of it; and I'll pay lor
Waters Very well, madam.
Mrs. Croesus If Croesus did make
his money in a corner in boot tops, It's
all in (iovernment securities now, and
Is us good as uny body's.
Mrs. Cadwallador-IJanks I saw Dr.
Montague this morning.
Mr. Cadwatlader-Banks Profes
sionally or casually?
Mrs. Cadwallader-Hanks Profes
sionally. I have boon quite anxious
about the girls. ' Dorothea is languid,
and Priscilla, too, is decidedly droop
Mr. Cadwallador-Banks I hadn't
Mrs. Cndwallader-Banks A moth
er's eye is keener. Tho doctor thinks
both need a tonle und recommends
August at the Spiu
Mr. Cadwalluder-Banks H'm!
Mrs. K. Newton Brown I think with
care and burying ourselves at Back
woods during the early summer we can
manago a week at Saratoga later.
Miss Brown That will be quite jolly.
Mrs. K. Nowton Brown You will
need to make the most of it. Young
Dr. Darlington will be there.
Miss Brown Are you sure?
Mrs. K. Nowton Brown Perfectly.
Ho is quite eprls now with you; spoke
of your classio bust and profile at tho
Miss Brown I'll wenr my hair in a
Greek coll and have my dresses addi
Mrs. K. Newton Brown (dryly)
That will not be necessary. I think
you might alter your style somewhat,
however. I believe he admires yield
ing, clinging women.
Miss Brown Ugh! I don't He,
though, shall find me a "mush of con
cession." Mrs. K. Newton Brown You are too
frivolous. A little diplomacy is a
small price to pay for his tine estab
(On the hotel pinzzn.)
Mrs. CrtVsus You lind America a
little different fiom England, 1 s'pose.
Lord Baritone O, quite, youknoiv:
and most refreshingly so.
Mrs. Croesus Why, really, now, J
didn't suppose you'd say that.
Lord Br.ritontj I find every thitv.
charming, notably the American girls.
(Mentally.) And their money.
Mrs. Cro'sus Do you really?
Lord Baritone O, perfectly, you
know, So simple and unaffected it:
tho midst of such really colossal for
tones, you know.
Mrs. Crirsus Yes?
Lord Baritone O, I do. Miss Croe
sus, in her simple white gown, for In
stance, when stio might wear velvet
and gems, betrays such charming
taste, you know.
Mrs. Cnesus O, she won't woar
any thing else. (Mentally.) I'll wire
Waters to-night for a dozen; she hasn't
ono to her, name but that on her back.
Mrs. Cadwalliider-Banks You were
saying, Mr. Midas
Mr. Midas That I so much admire
hearty, healthy girls.
Mrs. Cadwallader-Banks And I,
too. I am particularly fortunate in
that respect In my own daughters.
Mr. Midas You are, indeed.
Mrs. Cadwallader-Banks They are
never ill, and really have most won
derful powers of endurance.
Mr. Midas They seem perfectly
Mrs. Cadwnllader-Banks 0. ves.
Wo all lire. Dr. Montague says ho
would starve If ho had many such
families as ours among his patients.
Mr. Midas I doubt if he has, how
ever. Mrs. Cadwnllader-Banks And I. It
is a crying evil of our present society,
the languid, drooping girls that seem
so large a part of it.
Mr. Mi-kis I quite agree with you.
Mrs. Cadwall.ider-Bunks When
wo talked of coming on here my
daughters were quite horrified lest
people should think they needed the
Mr. Midas O, no one who saw them
would think so.
Mrs. Cadwallader-Banks I told
Mr. Midas They are most refresh
ing pictures of health.
Mrs. K. Newton Brown Ah, my
dear doctor, none but a mother can
understand tho anxieties of a mother's
Dr. Darlington And I am only a
Mrs. K. Newton Brown It is no
jest in jr matter. In r.:y widowed state
I reall.-.o that when 1 am gone Edith
will be wholly atone in the world.
Dr. Darling um Miss Brown ewcnis
a young woman of resources, how-
Mrs. K. Nowton Brown O, yon
mistake her. Sh is the most timid
and dependent of girls.
Dr. D irli'igton Indeed!
Mrs. K. Newto i Brown O, yes; it
Is tho wish of my heart to see her pro
vided with a suitable protector.
Dr. Darlington I can fancy that.
Mrs. K. Newton Brown She needs
Dr. D.irlington (sotto voce as Miss
Brown ujiproiiches) Yes, a chest pro
tector. I'hilip II. Welch, in Vtak.
The Tauture of Manatee on the Kant Toast
Tho east coast of Florida at ono tlmo
not so very far distant was the hunter's
paradise. And even now, for the
smaller game, thoro are few parts of
the State where more fun can be en
joyod by the hunter or fisherman. The
manatee, or "sen-cow," is ono of the
few large animals left In this section,
and its pursuit is exciting in the ex
treme. It is a very peculiar animal,
both In its appearance and habits, and
its mode of capture is interesting. Tho
manatee looks like . a huge porker
"squeezed fiat," or an elongated "pan
cake." It is generally 8 to 12 feet in
length, and from 4 to 6 feet broad, and
It has a flat body. Its head is shaped
something like a cow's, with n round
muzzle. The skin is dark and rough,
and hangs in folds similar to that of a
hippopotamus or rhinoceros; it is
sparsely covered with hair. The ani
mal's eyes are woll-nigh covered up
by the folds of flesh or skin that hang
loose around its head. Tho animals
wolgh from nine hundred pounds up
ward, und, though most helpless and
ungainly looking creatures when on
land, yet in tho water they aro ex-
leedingly spry, their flukes and flip
Dors sending tiem through tho water
tfith Incredible spoed. They are very
acute of ear, und dotoct sounds on the
water for a long distance, honce their
capture is a matter of no small skill
and dexterity. They livo on grass
almost wholly, and there aro only a
few places on tho coast where they
have feeding grounds.
St. Lucie river, which opens into
Indian river from the Halpatteooka
creek somo milos above this place, is
their favorite haunt hero. The stream
is short, wide, and with little current.
Tho waters are dark and the bed of
tho river is covered with a thick
growth of vegetation, a "sea-cow"
grass being tho principal plant. Many
other rare plants are also found along
Its banks, none of which grow else
where. Three fine specimens were captured
;st fall and two others a few months
ago. The last party used a very heavy
and strong purse net, strengthened
with extra ropes. They selected n
cove near the mouth of the river,
where tho water was about twelve feet
deep. Tho not, which was about ;!('
long and with 'very large meshes, was
extended between stakes set at the
bottom and shaped so as to have an
open place left at the lower side, as the
manatees eat against the stream.
After tho trap was set the party retired
to their camp, nearly a mile away, and
patiently awaited results. The net
wis visited every day, but beyond an
nUigator or shark nothing was secured.
At length, after eight or nine days of
vuitlng. their patience was rewarded
by finding, one noon, two fine speci
mens entangled in tho net's meshes.
Tho task to got them out was not an
easy one by any meai's. While the
animals were timid enough when not
molested, yet when at bay they were
antagonists not to bo despised. The
net was gradually brought in toward
rhore, the animals making furious
rushes nnd olunges as they felt the in
closing wings of the net. A flatbed!
was then pushed up close to the net:
strong ropes were thrown around one
of the mantees and it was so tightly
wrapped up and enveloped that it
could not move This was attended
with considerable danger, nnd one of
the men received a severe wound in
the thigh from tho creatures tusk,
while another was knocked senseless
by a blow from its huge and powerful
tail. Both jlnimals were finally
secured, and then by moans of power
ful tackle lifted on to flats aad placed
in tanks. They were then taken to
Titusville, shipped thence to Jackson
ville, and after being exhibited there
for several days, were forwarded to
New York, thero to be sold to a
menagerie. Jupiter Inlet (7a.) Letter.
The Depravity of Beggars.
Habitual beggars are very much of
opinion that they need no advice as to
a better means of obtaining a living
than the mode they adopt. In Paris a
philnnthopist has found this out. He
enlisted tho sympathy of shop
keepers and merchants in his
plans nnd ho proceeded to unfold
them to the army of beggars who have
methodically laid out Paris as a men
dicants' preserve. He had an audience
of seven hundred and twenty
.even vagrants when he began
his explanation of a scheme
for their well being and social
elevation, but before ho got through
his listeners had for the most part de
camped. They had no mind to lead a
life of slavery nnd toil on four francs a
day. Some did accept employment,
but in three day thero were only
eighteen fulfilling their engagements.
These were genuine workers; the
others were only human paras'it-",
regarding them from the moit eh irit
able point of view. Leeds Mi reury
What animal has the greatest
quantity of brains? The hog, of ccure;
for he has a hogs-head fulL
INDIANS AS TRAMPS, "
How They I ked to W.mler Abollt ,h.fc
t lalr lllver Count,,. ,h"
The tramp Is not a modern produl
tion. The early settlers alonir tv
bank of tho St. Clair river were
iar with a species which to-du, u
nearly extinct. I refer to the rovi,,
bands of Indians, who, carryinir th-i
Iw.nmo u-KI, !, I...I , .. .
.. viii-ui, piu ncu melr ten
wherever their Inclinations und tU
prospect of good fare led them.
they ciimo from or where they
we never knew. They would uddBJ
stand before us, a statue-like end
often including two or three genrrs!
The men. with rings hanging fro
their noses nnd ears, and their lop.
bluek hair spread around their shout
ders, would stund erect, a short di.
tunce in udvance of tho rest, wearin
tho dignity of countless generations rf
uneonquered ancestors. Their onlr
burden consisted of a rlllo und ammii
nltlon: sometimes a bow and arrowi
Behind them, bonding under the load
which they carried on their baekt
stood tho women. Somo with great
bundles of baskets, corn-husk mati
and splint-brooms, others with th,
bluck-eyed papooses seated in tfo
blankets, which were drawn tightlr
across their backs and loosened at Um
shoulders, thus forming a comfortable
seat so long as the mother hands held
the blanket in front.
After the "boo joos" were exchanged
they would make their wants knowi
by lowering their bundles and by sipa
asking us to buy. Money was an un
known currency with them. They ei.
changed their manufactures for flour
pork or corn meal. Sometimes thej
drove rather sharp bargains.
A certain undercurrent of fear wa
at that time still prevalent among the
settlers, nnd they orten yielded their
rights rather than arouse the enmitj
of their old time foes. Their visit
often happened purposely it was then
thought near the close of the day,
and they never hesitated at sued tinwi
to ask for a night's lodging. Tier
were seldom refused, and bed time
found them wrapped up In their blank
ets stretched out on the kitchen floor
with their feet to the fire. A gener
ous pilo of logs was heuped on the
andirons in the big fireplace for their
especial benefit. In the morning they
would bo missing when the family
What changes time has made in their
condition. Almost any day Indians
may now be soen on the river boats,
tricked out in an imitation of the times,
the mon wearing store clothes, with
cigars in their mouths.
The women are especially gay, wear
ing cheap fancy millinery, corsets and
bustles. Detroit Free Press.
Description of the Three flarnieuU Won
!) Illmlon l.ailiri.
Tho dross of a Hindoo lady consists
of throe pieces; skirt, sacquo and the
chittlar, or long shawl, which Is worn
over tho head and around the shoul
ders, partially concealing the upper
part of the body.
The chmlar may be of muslin, luce or
silk gauze, and is often beautifully ca
broiitoted, and edged with tinsel or
gold luoo. In the cold Ason. a warm
3r chiutitr. of chintz or merino lined
witb somo soft pretty material, is worn.
While this garment is very effective
in concealing the person, and is grace
ful atnVecoming, it is very inconven
ient, as it is always slipping off and
making tho hair rough. To avoid this
tho wearer pastes her hair down with
cocoa-nut oil, which on the whole does
not much Improve mutters.
The siieque fits closely but not too
tightly, and thoro are no supports of
whalebone or steel to keep it in pluoe
It is made very simply, but always
with a little bias border of a contrast
ing color, and sometimos a little em
broidery or gold laco. In the hot
season the sleeves are short, but
they are worn long In winter.
For all classes, male or female, the
sleeve is alwavs made perfectly
straight across the width of tho goods.
with a gusset under the arm; so whne
the material is striped, the stripes go
around the arm.
The skirt is very full and is not
gored. It is drawn around the waist
by a netted cord with tassels at the
ends. It roaches to tho floor, is with
out frills, but Is often ornamented
very beautifully with embroidery half
a yard or more in depth.
The women wear no shoes in the
house. The feet are kept very nice,
und the toes are adorned with rings
Some of these are yery large, with lit'
tie bells on tho top that tinkle with
every movement of the foot. The
soles of the feet, like tho palms of th
hands, are stained red by using the
juice of the henna or mhcmli plant
Gaudy shoes, covered with gold and
silver tinsel and having turned-bark
toes, are slipped on the feet when the
lady goes out of the house. IleaT
rings are worn on the ankles. froO
which sometimes little bells depend.
Doing the Thing Up Brown.
Departing guest (to summer resort
landlord) I've paid high prices for
every thing I've had. Mr. Squeezeni.
and I haven't grumbled. Don't you
ever set 'em- up?
Landlord Certainly; we make
specialty of our liberality. (To clerk):
Mr. -Hauton, kindly give this gentle
man a few of our circulars. TViw-
Henry returns' in triumph from
the junior examination. "How d'.d you
get along, my son?" his doting P:ir
inquires. "First rate," answered
Henry; "I antwered all the question
"Good! How did you answer tboin
"I said I didn't know."