The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899, January 29, 1887, Image 6

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Carloas Keels About sponge That An
Not Oenerelly Known.
Sonnees, like other every-day things,
we thko for granted, and the Idea that
we wo washing our face with dead
animal is, when first realized, rather
Htartliiiff. When nllve. the librou net
work w are so accustomed to Is
clothed within and without by a thin,
irnliitinmia unbalance very like the
white of an ecg-. Tula linen all the
passage and covers the outside, but it
drains off when the sponge Is removed
from the water. Jn this unbalance the
lifeof the sponge resides und manifest
itself not only by the alow but regular
irrowth of the mass, but by a curious
circulation of fluid which is constantly
inLin" nlace within it.
When a upoiiire in examined In It
living slate beneath the water a current
Is alwav aeeii to issue from its vents
while a conMant How of water takes
uliice inward throuirh the pores, and
the) currents evidently have for their
object the conveyance of tlm nuirime
matter In the water into me sponge
and also the carrvinz oil' of the parti-
idea which are to be excreted. The
position of the pores and veins differs
verv much in the different kinds of
sponges. Sometimes all tho pores are
on one aide and all tho venta on the
oilier, and aoiiielimes tho vents are
placed on top of little cones which look
like the crater of a volcano.
The sponge themselves grow in
different ways. .Soma are inhabitants
of the deep' sea. and are supported
by ropes of Inn;;, twisted libers
which sink in Hie mud of tho sea
bottom. Other "anchoring sponges"
a re moored to tho mini by
a beard of long. delicate
Miikt. An Inferior kind of sponge
lives in fresh waler, but the best ones
are obtained from the (Irccinii archi
pelago and the lialiaina Islands, and are
usually found atlachi:il to some aolid
object in deep water. They are beaten
and snaked in iiiuriatio acid before be
ing brought to market.
There's been a corner on sponges
fur the past year," remarked an affable
drug-store clerk the other day. "Some
of (he New York dealers are controlling
the market, and we have to pay twice
ax much as we used to. Thin one, for
instance," nicking up a firm, golden
bull al t three Indies In diameter,
"we should get two dollars for now,
and two years ago it wouldn't have
hold for more than half that sum. It'i
what they call a sheep-wool' sponge,
ami comes from the Mediterranean.
These lillle surgeon sponges bring
froiii 1..M) to (I, but of course they
are very line.
"A Florida sponge, now," and he
pointed conleiupluoimly to a tray of
dingy-brown skeletons,' "aclls for fif
teen cents an ounce, and a two-ounce
sponge in a pretty large one, I can tell
Tim demand for spouse In Chicago
has iucl'eiiNed enormously ill the In-d
two or three tear. Numbers of peo
ple who, lu 'iHHi, were content with
with theol'l-time American "wash-rug"
now indulge in balh sponge n large
as the most rabid Anglo-maniac. On
Ihe hypothesis that cleanliness is next
to godliness, nud godliness next to
culture, according to the doctrines of
Mr. Multhcw Arnold ami his disciples,
then the increasing demand for sponges
ought lo satisfy the yearning of I lie
most aspiring inortal.' i'liiaigo Aiu.i.
' ...... -
Numlter, Or(iiiil nation and I'ra-Mtiit t'oiiill
Hon of IN Minilwrs.
' The (lauloit gives some Interesting
particulars in regard to tho number,
orgitui.atlon and present condition of
the members of the Society of Jesus.
The Jesuits were -iO.iHH) strong in the
whole world In 17.'o; there were scarce
ly a thousand In lSit'l, all secularized;
tit-day I hey are from seven In eight
thoiiNiiud in number. Thev were ex
pelled from Fiance, f.oin Switzerland.
Italy, (iermauy, Russia.' Holland, the
whole of (Vulral America and a por
tion of South America. They are toler
ated in Spain, lu England, Austria and
Kclgium. They enjoy full liberty as
Dimple citizens of the (,'niloil Matcs'iind
in the English colonics. Now here, we
beliuve, are Ihcy recognized by a Stale
as the Society of Jeus. if not ill some
Republics of South America. The Jes
uit Society is divided Into two classes
of Individuals, those who belong to Ihe
order, but w ho can be expelled by a
decision of (lie (ieneral from oncdnv lo
another, and those In rc-pect towlioni
Ihe order is bound by a solciiiucngagw
luent. All the professed fathers are lint
In tills latter category and a Jesuit does
not become a professed lather untilafter
tho priesthood, w hich ho does nut re
ceive until thirty-four years of age, and
after- the pledge nl strong vows, lie
then undergoes a final examination,
lb result of which decides his future
in the order. He afterward learns,
individually and secictly, if he is to be
mi milieu to pass, some day or other,
what is called "the third year," and it
Is only after the last j car of study that
the order is bound in this particular.
T he i'oH) alone can expel him from
the society and for considerations of
exceptional gravity. A Jesuit of Lou.
vaiu, a partisan ol the din t l ines of M.
Charcot, wrote, recently, a hook to
prove that Ihe miracles of St. Theresa
were all In the domain of the natiiral,
and that the tempi rament of the saint
aiillieed to explain them. The book
wa condemned, but the writer was
not evicted from the order. The fact
is that each Jesuit i-iijoi full liberty
in bis philosophical judgment and
one would never limsli the attempt to
enumerate alt the bizarre work writ
ten by mcmlnn of the society at dif
ferent epoches. It is this independence
of loiml nud freedom in the choice ol
their studies which) have constituted
the whole force in all times past of the
duaiplesof Uyol:t. I'ublic OfimvH.
What Ihe frlcud of the family sav
It is. indeed, a lovely child! Mrs.
Yungkuple." "Who does it look like"
"Well, its eye resemble yours; but it
month reminds me more "of." etc., etc.
What lie means: "Ureal Cr! W l. ii
a pug-nosed, ll at -f. iced little bea-l! It
look more like one of the tumikiy In
the park than any tiling tUc I ran
think oC'-fuO.
What Ma Ba and Heard Eiperl-
ene of the Klght police.
The slirhta and sound on the New
York and Brooklyn bridge at night dif
fer from those of the day a much
the treat arc of electric light on that
aerial highway differ from the glare of
high noon. Countrymen by the nun
rireds drift idly across the structure be
tween sunrise and sunset every day
People visiting New York for the firat
tune linger long on tlie bridge.
The last to leave the bridge are tin
lovers. The "young fellow" and his
"best girl" will let blissful companion
ship trench on sleepiness every time
Thev form a pleasant feature of even
ing lifo on the bridge, these lovers. 8 )1
itury among moving .crowds, his in us
cular arm encircles her waist and she
trustfully submit to the caress. No
body notices them. They are too com
mon, and in that belief is their great so
lace and assurance. Hut, though they
love to linger, by 1 1 o clock tlioy are
following in the wake of the vanishing
domestic circles. The benches under
the tower becomo vacant. Perhaps
some lone youth linger upon them to
read again in tho white glare of the elec
tricity a missive, well-thumbed, dirty
and inissis-lled. Tlie iioliceman look
at him pityingly and passes on to hi
little cabin where his can of coffee aim
iner gently on the oil stove, i uor
idgit," says the policeman soltly to him
self, "he s eatm his white bread now,
The policeman gets $!3 a day and has
toauppoita wife, mother-in-law and
eight children out of that. He pities
tlie young fellow out on the bench. Jiut
the young fellow doesn't care for the
policeman, lie cons tlie letter witn me
faulty orthography, and his urdent af
fection for the wnter grows with in
creased fervor.
.Midnight seea tho but lover gone from
the bridge. At that hour the policemen
are changed. The meniliora of tlie night
squad Unit then comes on went, differ
ent expressions from those of tho day
men. The Btony stare and curt reply of
the day olicemeii, who delight to freeze
the marrow in tlie bones of countrymen
seeking information, find no imitators
among the night patrol. The night
man talks with any passing foot trav
eler so long as the latter will bo be
guiled. When the foot travelers cease
to amuse, there is usually an animated
dialogue going on between the (Kilico-
man on the promenade nud bis neigh
bor down on the driveway. These in
tellectual exchanges of views have a
wide scojie, and embrace religion, poli-
ics, philosophy, and the price and qual-
ly of the various brands of chewing to
bacco. There are no jumping crunks
to worry the soul and tax the vision of a
n ght jioliceiiian. l!ut there are no lack
of incidents to interest the night watch
man. A reixirtcr crossing the bridge at
J o'clock one morning noticed a police
man leaning over the pur.iMt ill a lis
tening altitude. The reporter Htnp)M'd
wulking and listened. Faintly on tlie
night air he could hear cries Unit seemed
to come from far up the East river,
.lUmt opposite Haveiueyers' sugar re
lioery. A woman was screaming
"Murder! Murder!1 Presently the cries
"What is it?" askd tlie reporter.
"Some devilishness going on down on
tlie river," muttered the isdiceman. "We
often hear cries of people in distress out
n the liver. We are helpless to do any
ildiig u)i here, lly and by the cries stop, that is the last of it. Sometimes
ive see a man go dott n t tlie dock. We
run see him lainly by - be light jump
into the river. If he eviv comes out we
never see him," New York Tribune.
Tim Tallest Chimney In lh World.
A paragraph was recently published
describing the Mechcruich lead works in
Qi'iinany as having tlie tallest chimney
.ii the world. This is an error. A taller
hi.iiney is that of Joseph Towusend at
Purl llillldas, (iliisgow, S 'olluiid, built ill
K"J-yi), Tim foundation consists of
Jiirty course of brick work, tlie lower
most course forly-at-vcti feel in diamc
ler, the upH rinot thirty-two feet six
lichee In diameter. Tlie bight above
die foundation is -454 feet. The diame
ter at tlie luise is thirty-two feet nud
'.birteen feet six inciiis at the top. A
nine-inch lining built inside, distinct
."rum the chimney, with a sp ice between,
the walls, is carried up to a height of
1xty feet. Mr. Corbet w as the builder,
th ick foundations are used in building
uill chimneys. Cor. D.-troit FYee Press.
Ttta Diililliulloii of Lira.
In his presidential address to the ltrit
mli association, on the geology of the
Atlantic, Sir J. W, Dawson mentioned
two curious jNiradoxe concerning tlie
iilUcult problem of the distribution of
lifo over lite earth:, the chance
af the wide distribution of marine spe
cie are not exceptionally great, as
might be inferred, ft: the reason that
the great depths of the sea have been
found to be as impassable to most ma
rine animal as tlie laud itself. Second,
the deep sen, which is so great a barrier
to tho passage of shallow water ani
mals, seems actually, under certain con
dition, to afford facilities for the mi
gration of land animal and plants,
renter than those of unbroken roiili
ueiiU. Arkansaw Traveler.
Two Tiny World
The two satellite of Mars are pro-
aouueed by Newcomb by far the small-
-et heavenly bodit yet known. Their
lianietera cannot be slated with any de-
re of arvuracy, but that of the outer
uitellite may lie a-s small aa five milca,
' hue that of the inner satellite proba
cy liea between ten and forty mile.
Vrkausaw Traveler.
llrvalha Through tha Kom.
A phvaician at the Social Science
nn vent ion recommended nasal rvepira-
ion and the proper regard for perfect
Twpiratiou and expansion for the lungs.
The body ofieu gains twenty-five pound
n IWli by the esulihsliment of none
wr-ailiing. Chicago Tribune.
Charts of the Pleiad. tltow, a visible
u the direct eye, C25 Ura, but the
photograph reveal l.iJl.
JTeapolltan CaaxampUd for IJeanty.
Craaltr, Immorality and Laxlnasa.
The Neaxlitana are nearly all beggars
No city in the kingdom is more iiopii
loua or more poor. The mixture of tin
Moorish blood with the Italian baa pro
duced a race among Europeans, at uF
events, unexampled for beauty, cruelty,
easy immorality, and intolerable laz.i
nesa. As you wander along the atreett
vou hear snatches of Jloorisn muni
mixed with the true Neapolitan refrains,
und you see faces, especially among thf
children of 8 or 9, of quite incredible
beautv. There are the familar charac
teristics of the beautifully get brow, the
facile smile, and the eyes, sometime
blown, sometimes blue, always expres
sive, and everything set off by a rich
varnish of dirt.
But, with all this, there ia a cowardly
kulking ami a brutality that is not Ital
ian but Oriental. No sight is more com
uion along that hilly road leading from
.he famous Santa Lucia to tlie Height ol
I'osillipo than to see miserable little
horses, all bleeding and lame, tottering
under the shafts of a cart weighed down
with eight or ten corpulent Neapolitans,
a'Iio flog it and kick it till it swerves and
falls. At the corner of one well
known street there is a bird-shof
where you may buy nightingales, gold
finches, and robins. Sometimes a
crowd of gamins ia collected to witness
a little surgical operation. Some char
coal burns in a brasiero. and tho opera
tor thruats into it a needle with a wooden
nandle. He then takes from a cage a
rcceiitly-cnugbt blackbird, and with the
red-hoi needle puts out his eye. It needs
much nkill skill that only comes from
practice to do this (successfully. An
unsteady hand would prematurely kill
Ihe bird. In most instances, where the
oieration is successful, tho birds do die, that is only after a couple of days of
agony, loll will see tne patients in
cages hanging round tho shop, with the
sightless eyes swollen to the size of a
ien, but iu the rare cases of recovery
the bird sings briskly through the
twenty-four hours, day and night being
the same to it. If a stranger approaches
the children leave the bird torturer to
ix'g for soldi. The fat, round cherub
faces are thrust into your own, tlie lit
tle hands point to tlie mouth, and you
hear the familiar cry that is translated:
"lam dying, I am dying of hunger;
give me a halfpenny." Tne truth is the
children live oa tho stranger.
K'.urdy, well-to-do women, with bold,
laughing faces, leg pence, and are im
pertinent and Khniiieh8 if they do not
get them, In Iialv no families are so
large as the Neap ditan, and no people
marry so freely und bo young. A fam
ily of seven is usual; a family of ten is
not unusual.
The Neapolitan housewife of this
poorer class lias no care, one muse no
attempt to "fui re le menage." S!ie gives
he little ragmulliu a soldo or two to get
Ills dinner, and, like voiing Norval, his
uily care i to increasu his store, which
he (Iim-s ly lagging; tiius toe parents di-
ectly encoiii a.;e their children, and the
police authoiiiies a most respectable
body in cocked ii its look on nud do not
interfere. Tlie result is just whnt might
be expected. Naples U one of the most
Hpulous cities in Europe and one of the
loveliest. Its harbor gives it direct trade
with all quarters of the wond. French-
inn and li.-iiiuins and Lombards and
English take the opportunities which the
Neiqioiitaiis are too lazy to accept. Tlie
dace baa a bad name, and deserves it.
In till countries there are thieves; but in
it w cupiials north nf Naples need the
ti anger lie ill such constant fear of bo
ng lobbed. It ia said that tilings are
improving. Hut so long as shameless,
tiiilacious, and insolent lieggmg is per
mitted, so long as tiie children are at-
wed lo swarm the streets with
out the slightest attempt al their reclama
tion or their education, the degradation
if tlie U'liutiful city must remain a con
taut blot en the Italian government.
Naples letter.
Jsmet 1'iirlini'a family.
James Parton has two children, one of
hem a boy, but they have come late.
His first wife was Mrs. Sara Willis El
.redge; Fanny Fern, with whom he led
i rather inharmonious life, as any one
night imagine who knew that way
vard, whimsical woman, eleven years
ds senior. His second wife was her
i,iughtc,r, und a they were married in
xewhuryport, he was distressed to learn
f terward tuat the marriage wits illegal
v the laws of Massachusetts, No one
ad any Idea of iu existence; but some
iscovered the unple isant fact. Parton
nd lived most of his life here, and no
iew York enactment hinder any man
om wedding his deceased wife' datall
er if he be so inclined. Indeed, it is a
oins not iikriy to happen, and would
ot have huppened iu this case save for
i rare combination of circumstance,
le had adopted a little girl, daughter of
loitimer Thompson (D.iesticUs), and
ne sister of his present wife, who had
ept house for Parton and taken care of
lie child. Parton, who is entirely do-it-stic
by nature, is happy in his seo
ud union, and enjoys his family ex
eedingly. He also enjoy the tran
uillity of the old town on the Merriuiac,
Inch is the antipodes of the modern
sdiylon on the Hudson. Whether Hugo
'a i ion, a bright little fellow, will take
literature when he has grown up can
ot be told. Cor. Chicago Times.
Il.iid tha Judga Would Contldrr.
Judge Have you anything to say be
ne the court passes sentence upon you?
i i-oner Well, all I got to say is, I hope
r linnoril consider the extreme youth
. my lawyer, an' let me off easy.
Italian physician are very success
ul'y treating lockjaw from wound by
eepmg the patient in a state of perfect
est iu a room specially prepared for
reserving absolute silence, On prac
itioner report recovery iu four out of
very five case. Arkansaw Traveler.
Churches in this country are estimated
o use 60,000 gallons of wine every year
.or sacramental purposes.
Tha Durylng-Oroaad at LltlU-lMw-ary
of Cold la California.
In a corner of the old Moravian bury-ing-ground
at Utitz, eight mile from
Lancaster, there U a stone which ia al
wava the first to catch the eye of the
visitor. All the other graves are ex
actly like each other. Little parallelo
grams of earth about two feet by four
and raised about eight inches above the
general surface mark the resting-places
of the dead. There are no winding
walk nor ojien bits of lawn to soften the
look of prime precision and economy of
space which pervades the place. The
graves are ranged in straight lines with
painful accuracy and they are so close
together that the dead can touch fra
ternal elbows at the resurrection.
The graves are precisely the same size,
whether of man or woman, elder or in
fant, and on each lies a flat square slab
of marble, about the size of a family
Hible. One stone is just like another,
except in the inscriptions and the dis
tinctions time and weather and the moss
have made. On many the names and
pious texts and dates running far back
toward the beginning of the hvt century
can still be traced. On many others the
inscriptions are as illegible and formless
as the features of the dead beneath. ,
There is no dilliculty, however, in
identifying tlie solitary grave in the
comer. Tlie mound above it is twice a9
big as any of tho others and a large
marble also covers it entirely. The in
scription tells that he who sleeps here
was "Born February M, at Kan-
dern Baden. Died June IS, 1SW, at
Washington, D. C. Peqniescat in Pacem."
There is a long story of an eventful
life between those two dates. Tlie name
inscribed nlxivj them is the name of
(Jen. John Augustus Sutter, whose mill
race on the bank of tne Sacramento was
the source of all the mighty stream of
gold that has llowed from California.
Once in osseesion of land now worth
$100,000,000 he lived the last sixteen
years of his lifo dependent on an allow
ance from the state of California. lie
made millionaires and died a pensioner.
Ho was always a wanderer, lijrn in
Baden in 1803, he graduated from the
military college at Heme at the age of
20 and enlisted in the Swiss Guard of
the French army, the successors of that
famous baud of mercenaries who were so
faithfully butchered in the marble halls
of Verseilles thirty years before. After
seven years' service lie changed his col
ors and entered the Swiss army, where
he served four years. Then he put off
his uniform and shortly came to this
country. In lij.iS. with six companions,
he went across tiie plains to Oregon and
down tlie Columbia river to Vancouver,
whence ho sailed to the Sandwich islands.
There he got an interest in a trading ves
sel, with which he sailed to Sitka and
the Seal islands up toward B.'hring'ssea.
Turning southward niter some proiitable
trading ho arrived in the bay of S.m
F'rancisco July 2, 18-J. Tlie appearance
of the country pleased him and lie de
cided to remain.
He made a settlement some distance
up tlie Sacramento river, built a griat
mill, a tannery and a fort, founded a
colony and called it, for the sake of hav
ing an Alpine murmur in hi ears. New
Helvetia, His restless energy was still
unsatisfied. lie took a commission as
captain in the Mexican service, and
afterward served as a magistrate under
die same government. He took no act
ive part in the war against this coun
try, and after the annexation he was Al
caide, Indian commissioner and member
of the California constitutional conveii
vention. In 1SI8 came the discovery that en
riched tiie world and impoverished him.
Marshall, a laborer digging out a new
nice to Sutter's mill, picked a curious
lump of something yellow, which
Sutter at once recognized as gold. Tlie
mill race was never finished. The
iiinorer turned his pick to a more ant
bilious purH)se and set out to dig him--elf
a f irtiine. Tlie miller bought him
self a snovel and went forth to take toll
of the yellow sand. The stream that
was to turn the mill wheel became sud
denly worth more than any grist that it
could grind. The sequel is well known.
The rushing tide of Argonauts over
whelmed the little colony of New
Helvetia and washed away Sutter's im
perfect title to his land.
He made a brave tight and a long one.
He mid claim to thirty-th eo square
leagues of laud, including that on which
the cities of Sacramento and Marysville
now stand. After long delay the com
missioner of public lauds allowed the
claim and after more delay the supreme
court of the United states reversed the
division. Then Oen. Sutter carried his
claim before congress, to go through the
tedious experience of most people who
take claims there. He was still prose
cuting it in 1871, when he happened to
come to LitiU to drink the wholesome
waters of it spring. The quiet of the
place and the peaceful life of its people
appealed to the restless old man, who
was beginning to get tired of his long
battle, and lie made his home there
"until I get my claim through," he said.
He was at Washington, still getting
his claim through, when death overtook
him, in 1SS0. His Moravian neighbors
made room for him in a corner of their
burying-ground, although, as lie was
not a member of their congrega
tion, he could not be buried
with tlie trombone. When a Mo
ravian dies, at whatever hour of the
day or night, a man mounts the tower
of the quaint, squat church and blows a
doleful signal on the trombone. The
trombone player also marches at tlie
head of the funeral procession, playing
solemn music Lancaster (Pa.) Cor.
Philadelphia Times,
Orlgla of "Neighbor."
The following explanation of the ori
gin of the word "neighbor' by The
Louisville Courier-Journal will be ap
proved by many persons who have
passed their lives in a city; "Boor,"
from the Anglo-Saxon, is a rustio or
countryman, and near is ' nigh. Neigh
bor i nigh boor,, the boor who dwell
Dear, it 1 twilight time, the tune of rest; 1
Ah! cease that weary pacing to and tro;
Bit down beside me in thi cushioned nest,
Warm with the brightness of our ingl
Dear, thou art troubled. Let me share tlr
Of tliadow, as I share thy sunshine hours
I am no child, though childhood, half for
Lie close behind me, with iU toys ant
I am a woman, waked by happy love
To keep home' iacrl attar-fire alight! ,
Thou bast elected i" to stand above
Ail others iu thin heart. I claim mj
Not wif j alon, but nat, and comrade trua.
I shared t!iy roes, let me share thy rue.
liitterf I know it. God hnth made it so,
liut from His hand sliall we take good
And evil never Let the world's wealth g3,
Life hath no loss which love can not atone,
f-howiue the now hard path that we wusl
tread ;
I shall not faint, nor falter by the way;
And, lie there cloud or sunshine overhead,
1 diall not lail ihee to my dying day.
But love me, love me, let our hearts and
Cling elt-scr in our sori-ow than iu joy;
Let faith outshine our fortunes in eclipse,
And love deem wealth a broken toy.
Joy made us glad, let sorrow rJad us true;
liod blessed our roses, He will bless 0U1
, rue.
All the Year Round.
A Time Wlittu. lie Prevaricated Hia Strict
Observance of tho tjabbatli.
Talking with him once about some
subject of casuistry or prevarication, I
put the question direct to him, "Did you
never tell a lie?" Pausing, as was his
invariable manner before giving a cate
gorical answer, us if for an introspective
review of his consciousness, he said:
"Yes; but only once, bo far as I can re
member. I was leading my men through
a rank chaparral, infested by Mexican
guerrillas. The balls were flying inces
santly, and the broad leaves of tiie trop
ical plants were being riddled through
and through. They became panic
stricken, and notwithstanding my re
peated order for advance, tiiey hung
back. Stepping some distance in front
of them into a narrow pass, whore the
millets were whizzing round my head,
and tlie foliage was being cut to rib
nous, I called out: 'F'ollow me, men!
Don't you see there is no danger?"
Ui never posted a letter without calcu
lating whether it would have to travel
on Sunday to reach its place of destina
tion, and if so he would not mail it till
Monday morning. Still further did he
cany his Piiiilaiiical observance. Un
numbered times have I known, him to
receive important letters so late on
Saturday night that he would not break
nis fixed resolution never to use his eyes,
which were very delicate, by artificial
ig.n; he would carry the letters in his
oik ket till Monday morning, theorise
villi tlie euu to read liiem. In
ihe winter of lbul-2, while Jackson's
orces were ut Winchester, he aelit a
origade to destroy the canal leading to
Washington. Tne exedition proved a
iii Into, and he dtiibuted it in some
measure to the fact that Sunday had
been needlessly trespassed upon.
So when a second expedition was
planned he determined there should be
no Sabbath-breaking connected with it
linn he could prevent. Tlie advance
was to tie made early on Monday morn
ng. On Salui'ilay he ordered uiy bus
nuid (CoL Preston, at that time on his
laif,) to mat the necessary powder
waa in readiness. The quartermaster
uollld not find a Miflkicnt quantity in
Winchester on Saturday, but during
Sunday it was procured. On Sunday
veiling tlie fact in some way got to
Jackson's ears. At a very early hour
hi Monday he dispatched an ollicer to
Shcpherdsiowu for other powder, which
was brought. Then summoning Col.
frcsion lie said very decisively: "Colonel,
I desire that you will see that the
aiwder winch is usih.1 for this expeui
.iou is not the jxiwdcr that was procured
in Sunday." The Century.
lllaiiiwlllon of the Dead.
A novel plan of disposing of the dead
s projected by a Chicago architect, wiio
arks only a charter and $300,000 to
any out his scheme. He proposes to
reel a monster edifice resembling the
orient tower of li.ihcl, which might be
arr;ed. to any bight desirable from
,we:ity-live to lifty stories high. The
-tructure should be architecturally beau
iful and classic in design, and built of
-olid masonry. Thousands of vaults
'mild be urranged iu this building,
vliich could be sold or rented for sin
gle interments or for the accommoda
i.m of families. The walls of each de
tartment should be of stone, with orna
mental entrances, and the entire build
ng hollow to the sky. At ail times a
mge tire would be kept in the base
e.ent of the central court, which would
iTectually deetroy all the poisonous
fnpors und gases which might arise
roui the process of human decomposi
ion. Boston Transcript.
Agaluat "High" Meat
A London physician. Dr. T. Lander
3ruuton, comes out against "high"
neat, the taste for which is, in his judg
neut an acquired and a morbid one,
ml also dangerous, since eating "high"
teat overtaxes tho bile and gastric
nice. Medical Journal.
A Capital Way.
Capt. Jawkins No, I'm not exactly
nguged, but I have the refusal of two
r three girts.
Mis Ethel What a capital way of
uttin it! I suppose you mean you
ave asked them, and they have said
no," Harper's Bazar.
I'ain 1 Chleflr Mental.
Paiu is chiefly mental, and the sever
y of it would be comparatively slight,
ud we not give ourselves up to it. Ani
aals sillier less than men. A horse will
ced after breaking a leg. while a man
ould lie and moan. Scientific Anier
can. The international yacht races cost the
.irojectors f 140,000 this year.
Why Bill Ky Adopted Literature la.
tend of tha Pram.
Those were troublesome times, Indeed,
when we were trying to settle up the new
world and a few other matters at the am
Little do the soft-eyed sons of prosperity
understand to-day, aa they walk the paved
streets of the west under the cold glitter of
the electric light, surrounded by all that can
go to make life sweet and desirable, that not
many years ago on that tamo ground their
fathers fought the untutored savage by
ni:;lit and chased the bounding lutfalo by
All, all is changed. Time In bis restless
and resistless flight has filed away those early
years in the couuty clerk's ofllce, and these
times are not the old times. With the march
of civilization I notice that it is safer for a
man to attend a theatre than in the early
days of the wild and wooly west Time ha
nuule it easier for one to go to tho opera and
bring his daylight home with him than it
used to lie.
It sis?ms but a few short years since my
roommate came home ono night with a long
red furrow plowed along the top of his head,
w hero some gentleman at the theatre had
shot him by mistake. My roommate said
that a tall man had objected to the pianist,
uid suggested that he was plahig piauis
rimo w hen be should baveplnyed fortissimo,
and trouble grew out of this, which bad
ended in the death of the pianist and the
injury of several disinterested spectators.
And yet the excitement of knowing that
you might be killed at any moment made
the theatre more attractive, and instead of
scaring men away it rath r induced atron
age. Of course it prevented the attendance
of ladies who were at all timid, but it did
not cause any falling oir in the receipts.
Some thought it aided a good deal, especially
where the show itself didn't have much
blood iu it
77i theatrr in thone dnyx
The Bella Union was a pretty fair sample
of the theatre in those days. It was a low,
wooden structure, with a peqietual band on
the outside, that played gay and festive cir
cus tunes early and oft"'). Inside you could
poisoif your soul at the bar and see the show
at one end the same price of admission. In
an adjoining room silent men joined the hosts
of faro and 'ho timid tenderfoot gnmboliHl
o'er t lie gi -ecu.
I visited this place of amusement ono even
ing iu the capneity of a rerter for the
a;er. 1 wnuid not admit this, even at tllis
Into day, only that it has been overlooked in
Mr. Ta linage since; and if he could go
through such an ordeal iu the interests of hu
manity, I might bo lorgiven for going there
profi-ssiounily to write up the show for our
amusement column.
1 ho programme w-as quite varied. Negro
minstrelsy, sleight of hand, 0iera bouffe,
high tragedy and that oriental stylo of
quadrille called the khan khau, if my slug
gish memory lie lint at fault, formed the
irinei;ial attractions of tho evening.
At iibout lO.-.'K) or 11 o'clock the khan khan
was produced nioii the stage, Iu the midst
of it a tall man rose np at the back of tho
hall and came firmly down the ai de with a
lurge, earnest revolver in his right hand. He
was a powerfully built man, with a dyed
mustache and wicked eye on each sido of bis
thin, nsl nose. He threw irp tho revolver
with a little click that sonuded very loud to
me, for he had stopped right behind ins and
rested his left hand on my shoulder as he
gazed over on tho stage. I could distinctly
hear his bi-ealh come and go, for it was a
very loud breath, with the odor of onionsand
omigrant whisky upon it
The orchestra tiansed in the middle of a
Krt, and the mnn whose duty it wastoswnl-
low the clarionet
pulled vcveu or
eight Inches of the
instrument out of
.his faee and lxked
"wildly around. The
celitli'iimn w ho
S fl C?V been a;;imting the
uniieu covKit viol hdd it down on
the side, crawled in behind it and spread a
Jiect of music over his head.
The stage manager came forward to the
footlights and inquired what was wanted.
The till man with self-cocking credentials
answered simply:
"By dtLshety blank to blank blank and back
npaiii, 1 want my wife!"
The manager stepied buck into tho wings
for a moment,' and when he camo forward he
also had a la je musical instrument such as
Mr. Itemiiiglon used to niako before ho went
into the type writing business. I can still re
lueiubcr how large the hole in tho Imrrel
looked to me, and how I wished that I had
one to the nns'ting of tho literary club that
eveiiin;:, I had at first intended to do.
Literature was really more in my line
thim the drama. I stiil thought that it was
not too late, perhaps, and bo I rose and went
out quietly so as not to disturb any one, and
as I went down the aisle the tall man and
rtago malinger exchanged regrets.
1 looked tuu k in time to see tho tall man
fall hi the aisle with his face hi the sawdust
and his hand over his breast. Then I went
out of the theatre I;i au aimless sort of way,
taking a northeasterly direction as the crow
flies. I do not think I ran over a mile or two
hi this way liefore I discovered that I was
oing directly away from home. I rested
a while and then returned.
On the stm t 1 met the stage manager and
'die bill, dark man. They said that they were
very soiTy to notice that I git up and came
way at a point in the programme where
they had introduced w hat they regarded as
f.ho host feature of the show.
Tliis incident liad a great deal to do with
turning my attention in the direction of lite
rntuie instea 1 of the drama.
Uut I am glad to notice that many of the
horrors of the drama are being gradually
eliminated as the country gets more thickly
'ttled, and the gory tragedy of a few year
ago U gradually giving place to the refining
influeum of the "Tin Soldier" and "A Rag
Baby." Bill Nye in'Chicago News.
llrflon of Labor.
Customer Doe Gus De Smith keep a run
tiin account here I
Grocer Oh, yw; he keep the account and
I do the running, trying to collect it Texas