The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899, September 12, 1886, Image 6

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A Ilnll llwif'i rivrlnmm Willi an Klht-Illar-a-WMk
Git up'n riilo," he said a he brought
tlm oxen to a lift't iinil movod along on
the seat "Come furP (Join' t tin
Tillage? Whoa! there. Buck, what ye
'fralil of! That 'ere oft ox alius fed as
frisky as cnlf and It needs oM ISriftil
to liilntiee hitn. A'n't a patent-right
man, aro yeP Thought not. Mnbbe,
ye are lixkln' fur summer board?"
Ho rallied along In an honest, con
fidential way for a few minuiwi long-T,
ami then suddenly changed tlio subject
by hhv nit:
.stranger, I've had experience with
uiniuer boarders, and 1 wouldn't take
one into the house to-lay fur forty dol
lars a wk, I moved up here alout
ton year ago. I'd Jut gol marrind to a
thnniliT.ii' smart wilder, a id wo gol
settled in our lions i iiirly in tho spring.
Out! d iy when 1 eonio In from work I.u
C iidn says to inn.
' Siiiniii'l that's my name, yon know
Iv'o (rot thu brightest idea yon over
heard of. Iit's tuko a few summer
boiirdms Ihis your.'
"Flics and'la-sos, but who be thoyP'
say I.
" 'I don't know yd. Wo'll fix up our
two spare room ami advertise in the
city papers to acooniinod.ito a fow sum
mer tinni'dors. Wo ran ninko enough
moil' y in tlir.'o month t buy thul t;ii
auro hit of old .Johnson.'
"lJutwo liiilut got nulhiu' to fM-d
'cm on."
" 'Indeed, wo have. Thotn city fol's
whoHtiillri llii'lr ntiniicln on tho rich
ness of tho land w II come out h 'to for
a change. All they'll wnnt will In fried
eggs, ont-ini'iil, rhubarb pio and old
f iutliinii4 sweet cuke. They'll go Into
Ufa over our old tnblo cloth, cracked
IInIii'S nnd p'nin furniture. They'll
ftwiil ow every thing down iih ru-die and
old-fediionol, and wo'll charge 'em six
dollars n week apiece.'
"J liii 1 1 tT oil fur iiwliilo.'liiit I.uo'ndals
a great p ova'ler, and hint linailv pre
vailed on mot'igvoiiiyeori'otit. When
ever I J.'ot a spare hiilir I helped h.-r
toggle up lh" fiiriiltiiru.' 1 had to nail
dp lu ll ileiuls, put otia legs to the
li'4T, tip ii in'-hulcs, hi hi ii over the
liiirea i with wnlniil juice, and do variouN
Othcrtlritgst'i make n adv. 1 give l.uein
du two puny good hoss-biinkots to make
rustic i ii'iN fur tlm (lours, and wo cut
up Kuiiiii old shovt for winder curtains,
and by this iw of tli rty cents worth ot
red, white und blue shelf pupor wo miulo
thoni rooms look what you might rail
Jim Dandy, linn it, itiiingor, when 1
cum to look 'em over I fell iih proud as
a peacock, ami 1 1 m hug I givo Luclnda
brought the tears to her oys.
''Wall, tho Ia4 thing to bo Hindu wa
a rustic cheer, and f just pit up and
humped mvsi'lf on it. H wasl.uuimta's
idea you know. Mm said Ihu oily folks
bad gut so iTed of h ti n around on tho
sttillod cheers tliul tlii'V (1 sink into
rustle I'lieer with a grunt of satihf.iotlon
whleh could bo heard a inilo away, I
drawod up a wacon load of Ihuhs and
branolii"!, iiought five pounds of iimls
ami a iiouml of cine, ami In about a
week's t mo I had the all-tircdest, nicest
ruitlco-t phoor you ovor Not ovos on,
Wo put it In what l.uo mla called tho
Queen Anna room, and then everything
was reaiiv lor uoarttois. o advertised
in the city papers to the amount of
eight iliil turn, ami one nit moon
Young, soleinn-faoed eluip, who looked
as If ho hadn't two days to live, came
piddling up the tliiHly row I in deiiroli of
summer nnaru, ami Mic iulii took h.m
in. Ho looked at tho rooiiH, and we
thought ho grew mnresoloinn. Ho had
somo pork and JolinnT eako and New
(irletius inolawies ami two bIiiIIIii ton
for suinier, nnd tlu rowas no doubt of
h a be nr inoru.ioleAiin.
"1 forgit what Luelnda was to rhariro
that rlmp a week, with tlio privilege of
walking In tlio I'linnaul, wnilin In tho
swamp end climb n1 tho dead apple
trees, hut it wnsn t tur Irotn eij:tu dol
lars, lie ant arouml fur m spell in th
evenin' to 'hear tlio lowln' of the kino.
whatever that is, nnd to 'eoiiunun with
tired natur,' wha ever tlml inav be, ami
then he i clued to tho Cjuoen Anna
"Mi'imgor, we never saw mat man
nllvo no iiioio. Ho didu t come dow,
when the pock nnd Inters was reudv in
tlio morniit , ami iilt'f awhile I went ui
to aroiiMi Irin. thinkln' that tho low n'
ot tho kino and tlio Ml tin of the o n
had charmed him. lie was dead -
deader tlinii a door-nail. Vu4 of all.
he had not down in that rustic cheer am
died afore he. could git un. Thi cor
oner Hrt'd the caino of his death was toe
much ru tioity and tjueen Anna."
"U ui that the end of it?'
"Yes, lie hadn't a penny In hU
pockets niul 1 buried him at my ow n
expen d. When we pit back froin the
burial 1 says to l.ueinda:
" l.ueln'd i, lot (ho oitv folks continor
to Mt on their stulled elioers and puge
their loinachs w ith swo. t cakes and
HrestTvea, We'll tueen Anna thes.'
duds outer tho house anil make out
money on pumpkins!' Whoa, there,
jou old hinncr! Can't you mo a
livaketl snake without Jumpm outer
ver inter- v nj iKtroit riw
! MmI l'ru'Kr,r of Rt'lrnm
llu Arrniillhrd In Hfly Yrar.
Tliei-e Is still, no doubt, a va.-t amount
of mlVering and disease among us but
it would 1 folly lo deny that the d.ffor.
enee Mwei-n the past and thepro.-eni
li ImmoiiMV Tho tothomipe has inad
it ai easy to detect a danisgtHl hi art oi
an InetVuMont lung as a broken leg. Tin
phthKlin.vjvopo enables us to explore
the innermost riTesse. of the rye, whih
with the larjiipwoopo wa can havi
ocular proof of tl.a condit:on of thr
wlndpiiKv Tho microscope vnlijthtenr
ui to the true nature of growths ami
such timely information often make
it possible to cheik their develop
.inent Ans-sthetic have robbed Mir
pry of all its cruelty and hah
lu Uangfr; they have, moreover, ex it sphere ot action, for opera
tiona are now frequently performed
which formerly could not have Nvn at
tempUvl, The iutrodunion of the ami
eptio nu Uiod has largely inereai d th.
proportion ol reooveriei after seven
wounds ami tnntiiationt, and has )
don much to Insure th lafot j of th-
ivmg-ln chamljer. Tlie nwfssity of
cult ng for stone Is now obviated by
tneunures which involve neither pain nor
m rioiis risk, and there can Le 1 ttle
doubt that the opcrat on will In the
L-ourso of the next fifty yesrs bi come
olsioleto in civilized coun triia. hmall
pox ii no longer the slatid ng menace
to be inly that it once was, while it is
scarcely taken into account as a pos
.ble danger of lifo by ordinary poo
pie. Typhoid fever still claimi
many victims though it is being grad
ually driven ofl tho liold by an cnligliU
biioU hyglono; typhus is almost un
known except In tlio lowest and mot
juiilitl haunts of poverty. Mid nasi is
now treated as a bodily d.sease, not as a
curse of (.od or tpito of tlio devil, the
"csult being a largo uronortion of re
coveries and Infinitely loss iiilloring
among tho incurablo. A I ke improve
ment is soon in oilier branches of the
rued cat art Tlio loatlisomo compounds
invented, one in ght supposn, by a
council of ghouls and scavengers
which used to bo ordered, no longor
vex the pa'ales or upheavo tho st nit
idis of unfortunato patients; tho active
principle of tho most important rem
edies lias boon sof arnti d, so that t lio
igent can be administered in a purer
and inoro elliiiont form, while
the tihysiological action of tho dru
is uiiurminod by oxperiment and
and is taken as tho iml'X of ill
thcrapoiitio value. Lcs4 phys'o Is given,
but it is proscribed with a clearer pur
pose. Koltcr still, more attention is
paul to u.ot und tlio hyg onio surround
mgs of tlio patient, nnd abovo all,
int'ire Is los inciimlMiroil with tho olll
cious help of a bbud ally who insists on
aiding licr Willi a eul that is not no
cording to knowlodiro. The truth has
at last beon borno in on tlio medical
ni'nd that many disease run a certain
Jolinite coiirso on winch no mcdicino
mis unv olioi't for iroo I, thouirh it mav
have f t ovil, ami that acuordingly a
policy of' masterly inactiv.t is tho
w.a st in such cases. 'J'ho phvsxal
I'hungi'S wrouglit liy di -oa-io and tho
moroid proiawN wiiicli g vo rio to tiiem
iiro now to a certain eslont accurately
known, un I the liold of hum ry prom
imS to bo increasingly fruitful of
iolid result. H iiiio scattered
rays of light, too, are begnnng
to p'eiTO (ho shroud of darkness
which formerly made the origin of dis-
easo a more iiiipeii.-trulilo mystery than
tno source ol tlm Mile. J Ins marks ono
of the greatest advanoes in tlm history
or meti.cino, and Its practical impor
lanoo is obviously incalculable. Tlio
cause clearly known, tho eff et can of
ton bo removed, or, better still, pre
vented. Specific fevers may possibly
no mm Hiiod irom among men, and even
thoo fell scourges, onsnnipt on and
dincer, may in courso of timo bo
stamped out. Ono disease after anoth
or is traced to tho action ' of organisms
inuiutcsinial in si,i, but having an al
most Inconceivable power of scTf-muIll
plication, i rom leprosy to a cold in
Uio lictul tho "'ueror worm" is
credited with the gencrat. on of almost
every form of disorder; w hero it has not
yet lieon found it is suspected. In a
word, tho sign liae litis is In the as
:culeiit in the medical linnam.iut.
turtiiiIUii Jicvicw.
Itt llranphoi lrornihi(i a Mlnlitlura Korcut
to IHlnr of it lliinilrml -t.
Wo read wond -rful stories of tho I lu
men so treos ono sees In California, but
they sink Info Insignitlcancs bosido tlio
Kiribati tree, which is found in many
pans ol Western Africa. It Is not dis
tinguished for its extraordinary height,
tthiclt rarely rea dies over ono hundrod
feel, but it Is the most imposin" and
iniigiiiliecnl of African trees; miinv, it
.a sa d. are over ono hundred feet in
circumference, rising like a dwarf
tower from twenlv to thirty foot, and
J:en throwing' out branches I ko a mini
lure f.ircst ton distance of ono hundrod
foot, the estremities of tho branches
bending towards tho ground.
I'ho botanical uauio of this
curious tree is .iilnnsnwa (,',,(
Tho lirst, in honor of its discoverer,
Adanson; and the second, descriptive of
its live-jiariml I ut Tlio loaves are
largo, nbnndant and of a dark green
iolor, d.vided into live lanceolate leaf
lets. Tho llowors are largo und white,
hanging to podunchvs of a yard in
length, which forms a sink ng contrast
to tho leaves 'J'ho fru't is a soi't, pulpy,
dry substance about the si.e of a citron,
inclosed In a long green pod; tho pulp
between the seeds tastes I ko cream ot
tartar, and this pulp, as well ns tho
pressed hree from tho leaves is used by
the native Africans for llavorinr their
food. The juice is great lv relished" as
a beverage, and is considered a rem-
edyin putrid fevers and other diseases.
1 lie Haobnl) tree is said to attain a
much greater ago than any other tree.
thousands of years be:ng ha.ardod as
tho term of life of some specimens It
has extraordinary vitality; the bark,
which is r eularlv stripiiod oil' to bo
made n; lino roe.s, nets for fishing,
trapping and nativo clothing, speedily
grows again. It dies from a very no.
euliar disease a softening of its woody
itructu.'o and it falls by its owu weight
mass of ruins Tho native ViNagej
are generally built around one of these
immense tree and under its far spread
ing branches, which form an agreeable
shelter from the siyi, is the "Kotla," or
place of assemblage, whore all the pub
lio businetsi of the tribe is transacted.
American Agriculturist,
An American Drama of To-day,
The Actress A new flay? Tray
don't ask mo to read it Can't you
jrive me a synopsis of tho most striking
The Author With pleasure. In the
first act there Is a corn colored silk cos
tume. In the fecond there are two
dresses including the very latest wraps
and parasols The intert in the third
act falls otT to a rid n habit, but in the
fourth and fifth acts there are no leas
than throe complete centimes and all
made by Worth. I think it will be a
Tie Aelresa Xame your pries ilr.
I'll lake it-rMjd.,i iV.
Three young men of flo'on rocent
r rode their hieyeles fro.n th it cilv to
New lrleans a d J.inre f one thou
sand seven hundred md. a
Knpurlinonta wllh VnrloM Klnrta of Com
mniwliil Kcrtlllflna Mlrl ,
We are always on tho watch for some
now means of Increasing the fertility of
the soil. How to do this t ) the. best ad
vantage Is the all-importnnt question.
Every year brings us a certa'n amount
of new theory and practice and we aro
often reiiriidod of the faot that all
changes are not Improvements. An ef
fort is now lieln? made to induce the
farmers of Long Island lo app'y ground
limestone as a fertil.wr instead of more
expens ve materials Our neighbors
are disposed to experiment witli it and
lenrn its true value by experiment
This Is not a now Id; a. Some years
sinoi this 'substance was extensively ad
verti'-od and ts inert rated vory high.
Fur some t mo thco advertisements have
disappeared. It was then cla'niod by
some writers that this s i stance was in
soluble, and if put in tho ground would
remain there for a;'os without change.
This same thing is said of the
ground phosphate when not acidulated,
inasmuch as th s phosplinto is exten
sively ued with orwit acid, erery
farmer slio ild know the exa.'t irutn ot
Ihis matt r. Too Carolina phosphate is
ground and sold ns a coai 'O powd t,
and as a owder so lino that it will lloat
in tho ntmo-p'iero (hence calhd limits),
nnd also d ssolvcd by sulphure acid.
'ow the lads aro, tho liner it is the
iii"kor lis net'on. Tl.o acid roduces it
to the iiiiist con lilion, and bene s the
acidulated a?!s sooner than tho foil's
and the i'oats s inner than tho coarse
powder. Now ihcre is a class of men
that sell thfliiivd pliosp'mte, that loll .is
tlm pho )h.'it? in olli -r forms is worih
loss, ns it is perfectly insoluble and w II
remain so. They s.iy Ill's phosphate "n
its nativo bad lias b eu in c intact with
.vat"T for ages and never changed ami
never will change unt'l aelod upon by
Motim powerful soivilit. Now this samo
th ii' limy lie m d of plaster (sulphat.r
of limn) wh'ch is only ground and
extensively us'd as a fort 1 zi r wilii
great b'ui'efit. Thero Is probibly no
ro"k known b it will d's-olvo when
pi.wdired nnd ap l ed to tho si;l. In
lingiand tliey iiro g.imling graVtn and
using it in this wuy, nnd it may bo that
this will yet b ono main source of pot
ash, ns it is well known this element
abounds 'nginiii'e. How mnch forco
Iho net'on of tho no:ds o' tho ,o'l liave'ii
produc ng ti.eso changes we do not
know; imr do wo know how mil 'h to
attribute to electrl'iil and magnetic a '
well as chninioil change i. Wo do not
know enough on th s subject to calo i
lato that wo may prolitably apply tho
pho-phntes in e tlmr form As to tii s
limn powder nothing but an experiment
will determine its value, but what wo
do know of cheni strv and botany "eid'os
us to put no est'nialo on a part of its
claims It is claimed that a largo per
cent, of it is carbon, and ns a largo por
tion of the plant is carbon, this
funiishos the food it nco Is
Now tho growing plant is con
stantly taking in carbonic no d
from tho air, cnrlt ng tho oxygon and
retaining its carbon, tho natural infer
ence Is that tho pi nt gets nil the carbon
it need from the nr. Mill it is not
certa'n but that itiors carbon in the soil
would b) a benefit. This is often do
baled in agricultural papers when it is
evident ne ther party knows and it is
guess work on bodi s'des. It soenis
that our men of seience might per
manently settle Mich a plain question.
As to tho phosphate, when it is acid
ulated, t requires pound for pound f
phosphate nnd acid, so that when wo
unv a (on of acid phosphate we get but
half a ton of phosphate. If tho no d
phosphate acts inoro quickly it ell'ects
a''o also gone sootier. Now thoso'lloats
are so lino that their action is not slow
and they aro so cheap, e-noc ally as
compared to standard fertilizer, that
they will generallv bo found profitable.
Tho price of standard ford fertilizers is
to ) nigh, and until reduced wi must
colli iiiie to experiment iheiuicals.
t'or. ChrinUan a U'urk.
AilvmuitKft Derived from Krpplii); Hie Suit
l.iH'ne himI Mel v.
The clrcf olfeet in cultivation is to
keep the ground lot, so ami mellow to
supply the mot favorable conditions
tor tho growth of the roots of the plants
in inoir searcti lor plant loo I, A sec
ondary olf eet is to prevent tho growth
of weeds. If weeds are allowed to form
roots so much plant foo I will bo ta!;eii
up nnd appropr atcd to th growth oi
tho weeds and so much n binTy to the
growing crops J lie weeds should lie
no more than allowed to sprout, and
then should be destroy d by cultivation
8) as t pi event tlm format. on of roo:s.
Mill ani ther ob ee! n tho cult'vation
of crops is to Mippl,' plant food frOni ih.:
siirioundingatiiiosi h.'re, by ope-i nt e
so 1 to favor the action of tho clem mts
in deposit ngthe plant food which they
contain, in tho soil.
From all tho foregoing facts it is
dearly soon fiat frequent cult vat'on is
required, tor if. the soil should become
hard In the least degreo just so much
loss will result to the growth of the
roots of the plant and necessarily so
much less to the vieM of tho crops And
again if the cult vation is not suilicient-
ly frequent t destroy the sprontiii"
weed seed, and they bo allowed to form
roots ju.-t to the extent that the-o roots
take up plant food just to that etent
will tno yield of the crop be diminished.
Hat tho bonolit of frequently
the soil is seen in the faet th.v as oft 'U
as the soil is stirred and opened up the
most favorable conditions aro suppl ed
for the deposit of plant food by the
action of the elements Everv failure
to cultivate at the right time will inevit
ably result in a dim'nished yield of
crops. One cultivation every three
days or tw ce each week, is most likely
tho bost ruio to adopt. This will give
sufficient time fr the weeds to sprout
and the soil will not harden in that
length of time
tine msn and team with a double cul
tivator can cult vate ai levt 13 acres of
oorn in th s way, and if the g-onnd has
been plow.-d li t 16 n doi and
farr.iws made narrow so ii to make the
od tine, a id if the crop has beon prop
erly planted, and then cultiv.tted proper
ly tw ce each week, the yield of r;op
on i acres w.ll bo as much as fr am 30 j
... ,J A mtA rduntAfl In
acres coilivaieu. FlunJU 7
the ordinary manner. The same time
i..-. .nrl the same amount of
i.i j,. f ainir iHven to 15 acres as t
. I inn orlven lO lo acrc M
to give to3u acres, producing the same
yield of crops as from 80 acres, makes a
clear saving of the balance of 15 acres
"'jbecnltivation for corn should be
continued until the grains of the car be
gin to Harden. Just so long as tho
stalk is green, or just fo lorfg as any
part of the sta'k or car is growing, list
Jo lone are tho roots tak ng up plant
food, and thoreforo re uiro the same
conditions of soil as. at any stage of
growth. Stop the cultivation Ufore
fhe stalk and ear are both perfectly
developed, and the soil becomes hard,
the roots fail to appropriate plant foul,
and the yield as well as the quality of
the crop w.ll bo diminished. The culti
vation, then, should be kept up until
the ear and grains are perfectly grown,
when tho grain will begin to harden.
The cultivator, or kind, ohould be
mited to tho conditions of the growing
crop. Tho first 'cultivation given to
corn should be Icfore it comes through
tho ground. This should be done with
tsmooth ng harrow, passed over tlio
ground as often as noccs iry to make
the surface perfectly fin?, smooth,
:von and mellow, and to destroy
Iho weeds that mny have sprouted
ready to grow.- 'lhon as soon as
!ho corn is fairly Ihroug'i tho ground
the rows can bo i-cen nnd the cult vation
should bo inimod o;eiy resumed. At
this htacre of growth small shovols
should bo used on tho cultivator, and
set so as not to throw much soil to tho
stalks, mi l as soon ns the slnlks attain
i height of ono foot, larger shovels may
bu u-ed, and s t so as to throw the soil
to the h lis, in order to hill up around
tho stalks ns a support to t! cm, nnd for
the purpot-e of covering ovor weed teed
to prevent the r growth.
After the stains ntti'n a height of
three or four feet then small shovels
should be used that will n')t g to a
greater depth than about threo inches
to prevent cutting th roots of the crop,
md to keep the bo;1 mellow ti that
Jopth, which will act as a mulch, keep
ing tho soil loos.0 and moist When the
stalks attain a height too great to uso a
.double cultivator, then a single culiivo
tor. supplied witli squaro teeth about
four inches in length underneath the
woo Ion portion of tho cultivator, so ns
to run about threo inches doep in tho
soil, tdiould be substituted. This imple
ment should bo used until the cultiva
tion is completed.
Tho cultivation of potatoes should be
gin as soon ns tho sprouts are fairly
through tho ground, when tho rows can
bo seen. Throw the soil to tho row so
ns to cover tho sprouts, nnd then pass
the smoothing harrow over tho ground
until smooth and level. This will effec
tually dostroy all S"cds of weeds The
cultivntion after th's should bo tin samo
as for corn as to kind nnd frequency,
md to bo co-it' oiled until tho vines fall
down and cover tho ground between tho
rows At each cultivation they should
bo hilled up slightly. Care should
always bo observed not to disturb tho
vines, as tho stems that support tho tu
ber, or potato, commonces to form bo
fore the vinos attain one half their
growth, and for that reason they should
be hilled up gradually at each cultiva
tion, and not all at once, and that tho
last cultivation,?. 8. Teaj(inlcn,.ui
Western Plowman.
A lli'Cgar iltntd'n ( o.lunif VmIiipiI at $t
ru Hundred FrHiim.
A new porto bonheur has made its
appearance in Taris It consists of a
little crystal locket, in which is encased
a four leaf shamrcck, which, ns you
know, brings good luck to all who wear
it. This porto bonheur comes from
Austr'a, whero four-leaf shamrocks
abound, it seems What a pity wo did
not know this before! How lucky wo
might have boon at a l.ttlo expense!
However, as "it is never loo late to
mend'' our fortune, this now porto b m-
hcur will no doubt bo eagerly fought
Without being decidedly a novol y, I
must not forget to mention Won lis
new walking c s time, which, on ac
count of its s niplieity, ho calls the
Hoggs r Maid's'1 dress. It has a full
skirt of white and blue llanncl serge,
striped lengthwise, and a scarf tunic,
wijh tho ends turned up at tho lack, of
blue silk twill sorgo, 'i'ho bod co, of tlio
i-anie silk serge, is oj en 1 ko a gent Io
nian's evening coat in front, displaying
an under jersey bodice of tlio strip d
serge. No collar or ruils of any descrip
tion. This little "Ueggar Maid's" c; s
tunio costs only seven hundred frauds
mere nothing, as ynu see.
The barbaric stylo of jcwc!ry is con
sul Ted tho most beautiful just now, so
silver mountings tiro replacing gold.
Heally the models should lie in bronze,
as the models copied belong chiefly to
tho bronm age, b it no woman would
fancy this ultra faithful reproduction.
Gold ornaments of lino fil greo work
are fa-h onablc, espoc'ally as necklace.
As bracelets they ure found too delicate,
as tho lino gold w re is soon pulled out
of plae and tlio beauty of tho design is
Tho new fans of crepe, powdered with
shining spangles, having all the colors
of tho ra;nbow, aro ve-y effective n the
eve-iing. Jt looks as if the pow der of
crushed jewels had been Sifud over
them. A fan of black gauze is appar
ently spangled with diamond dust: in
the confer is the monogram of the
owner in imitation diamonds The
efl'eet is superb. It is the latest note of
elegance, and all monondaine aro hav
ing their monograms and coronets thus
worked in their gauze fans
A revived and very he timing fa h'on
is alar butterfly lowteneath he chin,
n whiU? or bright colored tulle: coral,
salmon-p nk. and yellow of every known
and unknown shade. So that" you see
these fluffy bows of tulle at the neck of
all sorts of wraps and even added above
the now aga:n popular tishu. Colored
tulle just now is the rare with our ele
gantes, being especially becoming for
all complexions Gotley'tLady't Book.
Two Brooklyn women had hus
bands who reila Iy heat th m, and the
oth t night at about the same hoar they
turned upon the rascals and beat them
so sor'ously that they had to be taken
to the hospital. Une us si a stone and
the other a pitcher. Siwkij atcst
A Sritam of Feeding Which Will, As-
iHMdly Giva Fair Results.
One of oar subscribers aski what plan
of feeding In the summer has been
found best for iwine to keep them gain
ing so they can be fattened rapidly
when colder weather comes Man
farroen seem to consider the summer
season as a time when they can easily
carry the swine along on little food.
Some of them have an idea that the pig
fchould be tided over the summer on a
little pasture, and prepared to be fat
tened after the cold fall weather sets In.
Grass promotes tho health of nigs, and
a proper amount of it ii highly bene
ficial; but profitable feeding requires
that pigs should make thoir most rapid
gain in warm weather. A hundred
pounds can be put on pigs in summer
as cheaply fifty or sixty-live pounds in
cold weather. We believe this statement
will be indorsed by all feeders who have
tested the warm and tho cold seasons for
feeding under ordinary circumstances
Wo admit that the swino housos may bo
built so as to maintain a mild tempora
ture in winter, and then thero would not
bo so great a difference as we have noted.
Hut thoso who provido for a summer
temperature in winter are thorough be
liovers in full feeding at all seasons of
tho year, and need no admonition as to
the economy of full feeding in summer.
What is tlio appropriate grain food
for pigs in summer? i'ho answer to this
question nm-t depend upon tlio ago and
condition of the pigs Tigs from two
to six months old must have such food
as will produce growth of mus-ch and
bone, not fat. Indinn corn for such pigs
is, therefore, to bo avoided, eopt m
very smnll quantity. Corn is the most
fattening food, the" food to 1111 up the
largo, lank,' muscular frame, to lay on
clear, solid pork. Hut tho young pig
has all th's frame-work to prow,
nnd should have food best adapted to
that end. A c'over pasturo is a good
beginning, nnd this should bo supple
mented with nitrogenous and phos
phate food. Mich' as oats, peas, wheat,
middlings, linseed meal or cotton-seed
I . - r -J H.ofln
ono hutulreil pounds "'of linsceXnical.
two hundred pounds of wheat middlings
and one hundrod pounds of corn meal,
mixed together. Tlrs would give a
mixture of qualities leaving noth ng to
bo desired. The writer has used th:s com
binat'on with very great sat;sfoction. He
has had lots of lifty-pound piirs gain
nine pounds each per week, steadily, for
ten weeks in succession. At tho same
t mo another lot equally thrifty, on pas
turo alone, gained threo pounds each
per week. Tho extra feed cost twelve
cents per week for each pig, whilo tho
extra gain was s x pounds per week, or
two cents per pound. This samo extra
feed given in cold weather would not
have produced half tho gain. Tlrs
combination of food will keep the pigs
in pr mo health in the hot season, hav
ing no tendency to produce a feverish
slate of the system. Peas, oats or corn,
ground together in equal proportions,
also make an excellent combination for
summer pig food. We doubt if hog
cholera would ever appear in pigs thus
reared. This disease is of very rare oc
currence in tho Eastern States, and the
cases there found are mostly propagated
by contact with Western hogs. Western
feeders would do well to provido a
n.r,nt,r vtir'ntv' nf fur their owrs.
T'eas and oats grow ns naturally and
as profitably in the West as corn. Use
them nil in tho growth of pigs, and dis
eiiso will lie much les troublesome.
Ma!ional Live Stock Journal.
Ravagr of a rrnillnr Kpldrmlo Which
Swopt Through California Vrrs Ago.
About thirty years ago a gold-seeker
grew weary of tramping the Russian
river valley nud resolved to abandon
the shovel and pan and start a ranch.
He summoned his wife and four sons
from San Francisco and went to IVeta
valley to settle down. Ho announced
to tho early settlers of this place that he
would build his two log cnbii.s sndfhen
return for Mipplies and live stock. A
month j assed and he came not An
other month and Iro had not appeared.
Finally curiosity was aroused and
party was organized to explore the
mystery. Jhey found their way
difficulty to the valley. At its head they
found two log huts ha'f built, and
within tho walls of one lay live skele
tons picked clean by b'izzard and
coyote and wh toned by the fierce sun
of July. In a cleft stick placed con
epicuously within the inclosure was a
a scrap of paper, upon which wa
crawled ttiis legend:
JIM AninilSlI A FaMLY,
i-JUl Pock.
Terror-stricken with fear of conta
gion, the exploring party tl d. but some
weeks later sunima-n-.l ini?r. t..
turn, for the rougii frontiersmen b-
nevea in the hnr.alof (hefr.i'mlWdeaiL
Here a cur ous fact was ili lo- d -nc
trac cf the too cjnploved bv the An
puish family in t!ie r r. nt V -
ai labors could be found, nor :i foot-
print or the hor-s they w,.r(. known tc
posse-s iut a shred of "the.r clothing oi
blankets Another curious fa-t wa
llie skn I of Mr. Aug rsh him-lf ex
hihiud :wo a vrtures no noial'r pro
viibnl by n:!lim. rvn.-nn tk f i
... .luiaa, . s. .
near 'he t mp cthc thr in theo-f
pin - in .oomii reinarkiblv ik th
i . of t vjKet VUo a nb, "prma
tly once, the prpr
Anguish's elder son. ho. r1 Ki
Jar icar which seemed to indi7.
lent contact with another bull
there was a notable abeenc.
weapons, ammunition and m -
merely the four low walls 0f
completed cabin, a fw 0 halfk u
the bleaching bones and thTt
letter in the cleft stick. Fo ,
were gathered, 'and rouMily
nnreverently, placed in a shali0 J
between the unfinished cabins- i
head of the sand heap that covered
a rudo cross was erected, and ti
plorers rode grimly and ia deep ZH
from the valley. '"ft
Two months before these ocenrr,
a traveler from one of the few m i
scattered where Cloverdale now
had noticed a hut by the road ton!11
by four drunken Mex cans andaviri
whito who had been driven from , J
settlement They had not bailed V
but something impelled him to reein?
revolvers and put spurs to his diumL
Two days after the. burial in the 3
ho returned by the same road, h '
nearly dusk. As he entered the
near the hut, which he romemberixlirt
fear, his horso shied violently. .?
samo time tho traveler noticed til
where before stood the hut them !!
now but a heap of ashes with emu
smoldoring. Ho raised his pyeg, y?1
an arm of the grim old onk strewi
across tho rond hung live cnrioui, $
shapen objects, swaying and twLgi
slowly in the freshening wind n,
rushed from tho mountains iw?
was a cleft stick holding a fragniPKJ
paper. It bore this concise stattfcl
and moral:
w. i
! PMAwI, Ports.
: bill Bnixm' and fuue ciiEEstm
i NU. ALL FLE-II are Grass.
The mvxterv of the valley was ntf
explained and tho phenomena of tt
grove were beyond inquiry or invests
lion, but it was certain that the sin
larly violent and predatory epideJi
which ravaged Picta had spread itect
tngion elsewhere, although no oth,Tj
s'nnco than thnt above cited was ifs$
svaru rccorueu. lor. iv. y. Tinm.
the Finns t St. llrrnurd Kvrr ISrourlm
the luitti-d Mitten.
A dog believed to bo tho most rnif
iiiccnt specimen of the rough St Bu
ard species over brought to this co
ry has lately been recoived byD.l
oster. He answers to the named
inrro and is said to be a direct deseed
Intof tho famous St Bernard dogBsrti
whose stulfcd skin is one of tlio atl'rv
If ii
pions in no nerno museum ana nm
memory is cherished in Swiss gonu
legend ns second only to that o?E
liain Tell. The present Pane ru tit
nail uog of tho bt Bernard monastq.
Foster allirms earnestly that Barreknon
more than most men do, and speaks il
most witli awe of tho , progress be i
making in learning the. English lu
guage. When he arrived here i fei
weeks ago he did not know a word i
English, but his comprehensive intelli
gence enabled him to understand panto
mime. Jiow he takes in the salient
points of an easy dialogue, with only
now and then an expression of douU
upon his mobile countenance, ani V
conlidently expected will very 80011
as much at home in English as Ik if
ready is in French and (iermnn.
He is five years old and his kf'i
weight in condition is one hundred ui
?eventy-two pounds. His length, tfJ
tip t ) tip, is fully six feet, and his heigbt
ai tho shoulders is thirty inches. H
has two coats, ono of thickly nistti
long, oily fur underneath that ia altntf
Impervious to water; another outside of
wavy hair throe inches long. Theuoder
eoat is of a rich brown hue;. that on toe
in old-fashioned brindlo, sliowia
almost black in places, with bronze re
flections in the light
A deep, tremendous chest, close
ribbed body, straight back, very lr?
neck, powerful loins, straight forearm,
riry strong hindquarters, and a ta lllul
is more justly to bo viewed as a spleniM
banner than a mere tail, are points that
in expert will ad in re in Barre until i
iurns hi majestic head around litati
itock of his examiner, and thentheeij
pert, or anj-body else, will find tliath
10 noble and wo1 thy of admiration tlut
it will fascinate toll attcnt on. The lion 1
kingly consciousness of power bleni
itrangely with a womanly tondernewa
the expression of his great, reflectn
y es. A". Y. World.
1 State Rirh in Salt, norat and OtW
Valuable Mlnt-raln.
If the salt formations of Nevada
n railroad communication, there wooll
xs no market in this country for tb
foreign article. In Lincoln County,
ihe Kio Virgin, there is a d posit
pure rock salt which is epo.-ed fori
engthoftwo mils, a width of hall
nile, and is of unknown . depth, b
ilaces canyons are cut through it to
lepth of sixty feet It is of ancient a
nation, being oovered in some plJ
5y basaltic rock and volcanic tufa. J
ic posit has been traced on the ur
l distance of nine miles. It is M m
that it must be blasted like rock, and
sure and transparent that print ess "
read thtBiigh blocks of it a foot tb'
it Sand Springs, Churchill Count
iiere is a deposit of rock salt fourte
'eet in depth, free from any particls
foreign substance, which can be qn
ned at the rate of five tons a day tc i t
nan. The n-eat Humboldt sa'-t fie-4
ibont fifteen m:l.-a lone by six wide.
When the summer heats have ev
rated the surface water, salt tot
lepth of several inches may be xjt
ip, and naderneath is a stratum off
wk salt of unknown depth. orj
iorax and othar valuable mineral a
rxist in large quantities near thess v
talitie. and branch railroads will
it later bring them into msxfit
ns:deralle business in P
iorax is already atablished on the
if the Carson '4 Colorado railroii
Jevada will cut down her workm?
enses and develope her natural
ources,' she will be above the n!:
4 seeking land grants from her M r
wrsor from the general uoveniu
ia l'raneieo buiUtin.