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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (May 15, 1886)
DIET AND SLEEP.
IIiiIimi forth I'rupiT 'Ijiiihljiiiii-iiI (if Vming
There is no royal road to the "bring
ing M" of cjiililrnn. Jt miiM he done
by patient, persevering ami more or Irs
monotonous methods. Neither! there
liny ca-t-iron nor iinnivorsally iijii
bln code to follow in tlit' matter. Tim
motives to Imi iiiealei to in one eliilil
nre entirely absent in imotlier. Tim
Jovo which will compter one tender little
heart fulls like n winter sunbeam upon
another of the name household, ami
force must he called in to effect what
ever reform is needed. Tim proper
rearing of ehildren rcuuire of their
parent not only eternal vigilance am!
I'ternal prayer.' but an Intuiiioii so deli
cate mid a love so iin-4'llisli that it i
litlle wonder frail hiiinaiiily iimihIIv
falls short of iu duly in this respect. It
is. therefore, nhvioiis that no work upon
this then could lie exhaustive.
In a hrief article of this kind onlv :i
few grand, central truths pertaining' lo
thesiilijeet can he touched upon. Ill
ihu first place it must lie constantly re
ineniliered during the first year.' of a
hilil's lite that its healthful physical
development is the 1 1 1 A i 1 1 olijecl'lo lie
liltained. and. broadly spcakim--, no
irrcgmiiriiy, no strain, no nerve.
awakening stimulus should be allowed
to interfere with the even current of in
hearty and well-enjoyed meals, its
iiliiiiidant ami frccpicni slumbers, iu
absorbing, jolly plays and walks and
l iiles. Diet, sleep mid exercise arc4lui
chief subjects which should engage tlm
iiltciiiion of a child's guardians ilurin"
ils early years. "
'J'he digestion of a hand-fed infant, is
usually more imperfei-t than that of
others, and it is most unfortunate when
circumstances place an innocent habn
limler sucli disadvantages. Very many
of the dyspepsias, kidney troubles anil
omniar iiimeiiuies now so prevalent
may lie traced to the artilieial food ad
ministered during lialiyhood. Many
Mich foods are recommended hy c
jierts, hut the family physician should
be consulted first upon the matter in
uny special case. After the first, year is
past and plain food of all kinds 'begins
lo Imi craved and assimilated by "tint
'"' "suit II tasted amlcoiistiliitioM,
mid, after Hie usual transition period of
bread or craekerMor well cooked cereal
with milk, allow it plain food at regular
intervals. Abjure pies, cakes, frinl ar
ticles, pork, pickles ami rich "made"
dishes. Milk, lean meat, fruit, mushes,
bread, carefully prepared vegetables,
rice, hii go, tapioca - these mid inanv
other things urn all niitrieiotis anil
healthful. For sweet, molasses t
loaf sugar mid pure candies may bo
permitted, the two latter in small ijuan
lilies and always just after a hearty
meal. Never allow eating between
- meals; it is tlm origin of disorder
mm weaxnesse winch have killed
many a bright child- or have embittered
a long life.
Only second in importance to diet is
the matter of sleep. X,.V(.r allow mi
infant to be wakened from its naps on
any pretext whatever. At the age of
one year, this consummation haviinr
been properly led up ( beforehand, the
child should be left to goto sleep nlone.
This Is not cruel, nor even "unkind."
Jt is the kindest, most sensible course ,
parent can possibly pursue. The habit
of much unquestioning sleep-taking if
we may so express it -generated by the
early inculcation of the idea that going
foiled is for Ihii purposii of gouiir jM
mediately to sleep, is invaluable
throughout life. This is nil age of,
sleeplessness, and of frightful "brain j
troubles- resulting from this iincompicr.
able insomnia. It would be interesting
10 know now many of the men ami
Women thus alllieted were put lo sleep
b means of songs and stories In n,c:r
early years. It is a great pleasure for
a loving mother to sit by her little one's
bedside, or to hold him jn his ni.r,.
gown in her arms and rock liinT to
Meep to some soothing ballad or mo
notonous fairy tale; but it is a doubtful
procfcdinrat best, nn.l l
In many eases lo have hail disastrous
results. After the warm, plain supper
mid the happy bed-time frolic, then
should come the ipiict bedroom and un
disturbed drowsiness. Dreamless sleen
will soon habitually follow the coutem-
ed "good-mghl."" There is no dai r
of too much sleep for a healthy child.
Many wise mothers manage to keep tno
nap system in use until a child is s,x
vears of age. and to give him twelve
hours of sleep each uiirht besides,
llealh, happiness and a righf. active
intellect are pretty sure to follow tins j
course. - ,((,! IW.ss.
A Roman Wnter-Course.
The excavations carried on in th,i
, 1,11 "ivim l Pari have just I u
rewarded with very Interesting results.
An artilieial water course in "excellent
preservation has just been laid bare,
which evidently served the purpose of
tilling the circus with water on (!,
invasion of mimic sea tights. Kimu.'u
of the structure of the door posts
mained to show that the entrance w us
closed by a door of extraordinary
mronglh, which would indeed I e n leil
to litem the force of the water. The
hole which held the door hinge m
clearly made out. The excavators have
further come upon a number of seat
for the spectators, and also on somu
fragments of a slab on which were in
seiilicd the names of the digu-ilaries - j
inhabitants of tin, HltOlitlil f. ...... 1
l.uiotia. who had a right to cat 0f
honor. - A'. ". ',,
- The NinVe. a four-page monthly
V"W I 'i .'lien, N. V.sie two by
three inches has the following sound
leading editorial: "School Discipline
lo keep a boy after school is very bad
for Ins health as he doc not p.( enough,
outdoor exercise. After awhile lie he
come morbid then r un.s wav from
home and ends by committing snieid.i
which is sometimes very bad for tho
constitution. .Moral-Do'n't Keep ltovs
After School. 1 S.-Tho editors of
this paiier never evt keni ,ii..- -..1 1
, . . s ( - 1 n, ii.ttti
bill say tin out of pity for those who
An Indian:! father crawled under a
corn-crib and wept when hi daughter
married Hu Ritronomor.-Ai.WJMa
Tlic Impi-rnr ( iin.lili-r. Hie AilvU ihlllly of
iiiu.iiUKH -M-iwurKin llllHMIiyS.
Charles Denby, I'niled StalcsMinister
to China, has scut some interesting (lis
patches to Mr. Mayan! wliieli (leal witli
two fiicstions o, vital import to the do
velotunetit and safety of the emiiire
The first is tlm construction of railroads.
which M Iliinir Climiir is uririnir with all
the viiror of his intellect. The other i
the building of a navy to replace tho
useless junks which at present tly the
imperial Hag, and to organize a system
of coast defense adeipiate to protect the
harbors and shores of thecountry. Mr.
I have the honor to unite, uu n n.iii..r
of interest to a great many persons in tlm
I I'liited Sl.ites and as a part of the cur
1 rent history of China, the position of
: that empire as to the construction of
I The most prominent person in China
: to-day is I.i flung Chang, who is the
I (irand Secretary of the empire, Viceroy
01 me province, aim one 01 the heads of
the Admiralty lioard. His residence is
... 'P! ..'!! I .... .
111 1 icii-1 sin, nut im lately spent some
weeks at I'ekin. Kn ha-. 'for some years
been ill favor of building railroads. He
has had a hard fiirlit in Cliiiei in I.
his views approved. The opposition
comes chiefly from the Censors and the
Hoard of Revenue. The Censor rep
resent that numbers of men would ho
thrown out of employment, graves
would I,,- desecrated ' and Mcti'mal
troubles would ensue. The Moard of
Reveniib claims that if railroads are
built the whole revenue service of ( 'hina
would have lo be changed. It seems
likely in ell'ectthat thel.ekin tav. u l,i,.l,
is one of the chief sources of revenue, to
China, would have to be abandoned or
materially niodilied. This is a consum
mation Hint 11k? forcurncrs most nril.niilv
desire. Li Hunr Chamr tln-.,i..rl, ..ll
the chaiiL'es of men ami I1ll!lslll-..a li.iu
maintained his power, and there seems
cci v reason to iieiieve that he will suc
ceed in hi plan of construetiii"' rail
I send to the department the dying
iNciiioiisu 01 iso 1 sung lang. which
coimuns an ante presentation of tin
argument in favor of constriictin' rail.
roads in China. My way of parenthesis
niiiv say nun a dying otiicial always
leaves a posthumous memorial to the
tiovernment. It often happen that
-1 uu in iicau some distinguished
honorary office is conferred on "him In-
imperial decree. Thin memorial of Tsi)
isung lung preceded by a few day the
visit of hi Hung Chang to the capital,
and furnished him a tine opportunity to
press his railroad view. It wa con
siilercd, certainly with reason, that the
best mode of inviting tho attention of
the members of tli
III HI IIHT
menu of railroad would be to exhibit
a working model 0f American road
way and rolling stock.
Acting upon thi peculiarity a com
plete working-model railroad 'wa pro
cured from the United Stale. It con
sisted of one hundred feet of main track
and Hidings, with switches and turn-
mine, a passenger locomotive and 1
tender, mail and baggage cars, passcn
1 .is, 1 iiimiaii parlor and sleeping
cars, different, kind of freight cars, a
full section of scat and berth in sleep,
mg car, etc. The car were live feet
mug, ami all other part of the model
in c.piai proportion, and care had
"cm lancu 10 make the model through
out an exact representation in miniature
1 "no, locomotive, cars, etc., m
1... .11.11 use in wie 1 lined Slates, com
plete in the smallest detail. The motive
power was ciock-work. This model
wa? exhibited to the Viceroy. hi-Huin'
' nang. 111 his yanien at Tien-Tsin in
M'picniiicr last, and he expressed him
sen miieli pleased with it. jyid said he
would exhibit it in I'ekin when he went
mere in llclohcr.
On the llith of O. i ..f.tit flwi I
.... . - ' IIIOU.-I,
winch had been conveyed to I'ekin. was
iiL'ain exhibited hf..i-i ti... v: 1...
. r . " i mi ov
his order, mid on t following day the
iceroy presented it to Prince Chum.
he Kmperor lather. The Prince wa.
highly pleased. Two dav later the
1 rince sent the model to the imperial
Palace, where it wa exhibited to the
Kmperor and Kmpres Dowm'er and
"..iR.n siiccessiuiiy. 1 new .Majesties
were much iiuerest'cd and spent' some
time iu a minute examination of tlm
model. It was the tirsl complete retire
setitation they had ever seen of the much
ta ked-of railroad. The event ntateria
ally assisted the Viceroy in bis ,i.l.'.
of railroads for China, and their M-iies-
.i.-s K in a wining ear to all he had to
sav m favor of railroads, and agreed to
allow him to prepare for their introduc
tion int. the country.
China has not been standing still,
hielorie of glass, woolen goodsfpap,.,-.
etc.. it.iiiiiiit.i.l w. ......... . .... 1 . . i .
. ,,, i i-.su-i 11 sn ic, which
aie scattered over the country ami
ow ue.t ny uiuiese subject, are proof
of her enterprise, ami now if il...
erninent take the ipiestion earnestly in
...01.1, e may 100k lor the wide adop
tion in China of inanv of our n.. I:., ........
and modes of manufacture. II 'a.himi-
Tlm l ulled Muti-n I liiiiic.llxl,.y fet Ilia
At the time of our revolution tin- dilli
oultiesof traveling formed an iiuportant
nodal obstacle to the union of the Stab
In our time, tho persons who pas in a
sinirle day between New York and Iio-
ton by Mix or seven distinct lines of rail
road and steamboat are numbered by
thousands. In 17.'l two stage coaches
were enoui:h for an the trawler, ami
nearly all tho freight besides, that went
between these two cities. The journey
began ut three o clock iu the niorniii''.
Horse were changed every twenty
miles, and if the road wero in good
condition some forty mile would In)
made by ten o'clock in tho evening. In
bad weather, when the pasengers had
to L'et down and lift the clumsy wheels
out of deep rut, the progress was much
slower. The loss of life from iinr!.l..iiM
ill proportion to the number of travel
ers, was much greater than It has ever
been oil the railway. Hroud rit its like
the Connecticut and Ilousatonic had no
iiridges. lo drive ucros thctn in win
ter, when they were solidly frozen over.
was easy; mid in pleasant summer
weather to cross in a row-boat was not
a dangerous undertaking. But scpialls
at some seasons and Hunting ice at
other were things to bo feared. More
than one instance i recorded rtliere
boat were crushed and passengers
drowned, or saved only by scrambling
upon ice-floe. After a week or tell
days of discomfort and dangerthe j'oltei
and iadeil ii-mv.-I.t r.'n.-liil '.u- ' ,,-L-
Such was a journey in the must hiirhlv
i .1 'it ... .... .
i-iiiii,eu pun 01 ine i nneii .-siaie. J lie
case was still worse in the South, mid it
was not so very much better in Kngland
and r ranee. In one respect tin; tray
eler in the 1'nited States fared better
than the traveler in Europe; the danger
irom highwaymen wa but slight.
Such being (lie difficulty of traveling,
people never made long' journeys save
for very important reasons. Except in
the case of the soldiers, most people
lived and died without ever having seen
any State but their own. And as the
mails were irregular and uncertain, and
the rates of postage very high, 'people
heard from one another Inn seldom
Commercial dealings between the differ
ent States were inconsiderable. The
occupation of the people was chiefly
ajrriculture. Cities were few and shimII
mid each little district for the niot onrt
supported itself. Under such circum
stances tho different part of the country
knew verv little nli.nu
local prejudiced were inteiixe. It wa
1101 siiiipiy iree .Massachusetts amlMave
holdinir South Carolina, or Knirlish ( Vn.
neeticiit ami Dutch New Yorkfthat mis
understood and ridiculed each the other;
but even between such neiirhlun-innr
States a Connecticut and Mlissachii-
setls, both of them thoroughly English
mid Puritan, and in nil tlw.ir
ditions almost exactly alike, it used often
to be said that there
' ...... ...... luni,
lliesii unspeakably stupid and eon-
i.-uipii.ie meal uniipatnie are inherited
by civilized men from that fur-off time
when the clan system prevailed over tho
face of the earth, am! the hand of exery
clan was raised against it neighbor.
They are pale and evanescent survivals
from the universal primitive warfare,
and the sooner thev ilie nut from 1,1,1......
society the better for every one. They
should be stigmatized and frowned down
upon every lit occasion, just as we frown
upon swearing a a symbol of anger and
contention. Hut the null tliiti.r t.-l,i,.l,
can finally destroy them is il,., -;.i
spread and unrestrained intercourse of
unit-rein "Tonus nt neon 1. in m, ...... r,,i
social and commercial relations. The
rapidity with which this
iroinir on is the most ctli'iilir, 1 irit.it- ..f ..11
the symptomsof our modern civilization.
Mut a century ago the progress made in
this direction had been relatively small,
mid it was a very ci-itienl moi.',.,,,i f,
e American oeo'iile. V,.1 .I.,i,
Why -Hly..iiiiiiili.i ItulhniT Mull
Clerk llrtiirni-il III. CuiiiiiilKlin.
A story they tell about Andrew Jeck,
the veteran railway mail clerk, conies in
well at thi time, when they are milking
so many changes in the postal service.
Jeck is tho oldest rai way clerk ill
Maine, and there are few, if any, on tlm
postal cars anywhere a old a he; yet
he is active, efficient and sharp. Year
ago another fellow succeeded in getting
himself appointed to fill Jeck' place.
Of eolii'se .fi'i-L- ...tni.titii.t f.. t,i,.L-.. ,n,i
or two trips w ith linn to show him the
1. t 1 .. .. . .1 .
lopcx. ii iianpcucu tnai on the nisi
trip they made together there was an
accident mid tho ear was thrown from
the track. Jeck caue-hl firmly hold of
urn tame wnen he felt the lirst tar mid
came out of the accident unscratehed
and not the least disconcerted. Tin
novice was flung in a heap into one cor
tier mill 1 1:1 1 1 1 v l.rnio.il
Does this sort of thimr hnniien verv
0 tell?" he asked Jeck.
'Oh, yes:" said Jeck. "And I fon'ot
to tell you that we all have a place to
C'linir to When It comes. 1011 must have
a holding place purposely fixed to get a
mi grip on w iin your Hands.
The top of the car was much li.'ittii-i'if
. - ..... . .
hy tune ami the new man asked, bcfoi-.-
they had ronc much further on the
route. -.Mr. Jeck, what has made all
these scar m the top of this car?"
"That's llothillL'.' said Jeck. "It
only w here my heels have struck when
I've been tossed into the air by acci
dents such a we have had this morn
When they finished their run tho new
appointee saiil he guessed he had
enough of it, and would go buck to sell
ing groceries ior a living, and Jeck
staid III the i-ailw-ii- mnil s..r - t).m
and ever uitw.Ln'rhton (Me.) Jour
A QUEER CUSTOM.
A White Gorilla.
n wane gonna is on view at the
bouu Aiiuariuin at Vstmini-t..r
Whether the animal is a true iieeia ....
a highly -develoied cross-bred is a ques
tion ior tno naturalist. It. height is
about twenty-six inches, and it ace
pronaulv three or four year. It body
ami mini, uom arm and Icon nrrt
.. 1 ... '
.i.i..s, ,,oiu nair. aim it ha no tail
The animal is very gentle and affection
ate. clasping iu keeper around the
neck ami kissing hiin i,ke a t.hj, t
uriiiK irom a tumbler, and ha a most
intelligent manner. It i housed in a
large, handsome oasro or chamber with
an entire glass front. Cor. St. Louis
At Riverside. Cal.. a grocer adver
tised that he would deal strictly on the
cash principle. Next day cam,', one pf
hi oldest customers and asked for a
loan of tive dollars. Certainlv," said
the grocer., handing him a live-dollar
gold (piece. "will that lie enon.li?"
"Ye," replied the customer, "Anst
wished a little money with which to buy
a few groceries," and he turned awav
to give hi order to a clerk, while the
grocer stood wondering where tho ch
Mjstem would tiuallj- lead him.
Whm mi Ainrri.-nn wiiiipiim( In Klnroin-P
on AseeiiKliin liny.
If we haiipcn to bo in Finn
Ascension Day, wo shall see a great
many people in the streets ulwi ill'.,,-
sal( little wooden cage, two or three
niches s.piare. which are used in a very
peculiar way. Each ners..n !,
. 1 t.lll.s
to know what fiisi or li,.f f.,..i :.. ... 1
1 . , ...uu i.s 10 oe
dtiruiir the ciisiiimr 1 . i,..u t
. ;r ".. .M,t,.s our 01
-y.cs. nun into is put a cricket
great numbers of which are cau-'ht on'
that day by children, and even imui and
o, ... 11, m . iiei.is and roads outside
Of the tow n. Each i.i i,.L,.t i- L ..... :.. :.
. . -n,-.ii ill iis
cage without food, and if it grows thin
iltti ill irk to ... t
s "gei out ijctween the little
bars ami escanes. t ) .... ii
iT.,.,,1 I....1. .1. . Xllls
i'.'.i 11,1 iv (iiii-iiitr ,.11 ti... ..... :e ..
. . ,. is " .1.111 , lllll 11 HI,"
cricket s constitution
privation, and it dies in the cage before
it is thin enough t g,.t ollt , u,
person who imprisoned it must expect
llllt.fiii... i .1 . '
...-...,.. .uaiiwraveier huv som,
of these cnrions lint.. ...
. . "fi" -s iili'llicilios
but if Wisvlit not .. ;.). .. 1... . 11 . 1 ,
xi 1, , vv '- " " irouoicd ny
Mr. Mergh. or our own conscience, we
shall not g0 into the cricket fortune-
"""" T n frank A1. Stockton,
A Unique Case.
Dr. Evan relate in the Kristol (Eng
land) Mliatl Chiruraieul
history of a girl who attempted suicide
"i jumping irom the Clifton suspension
bridge The bridge is two hundred and
"il ii-ci lllirn nii.1 hill li.,.,i. s -.
., suiciuc. Mxteen persons have
Ixvn known to have succeeded in self
.lestruetion by making the same leap.
One other on v was ii-L..,t 1:.. 1
urvived only thirty minutes.' Twenty
-v after the fall the patient was
sulered convales(vnt and able to walk
without pain. There was apparent
no permanent ininrv v. ..'.' .
.. , --s l;l- wie
writer know no ease of survival after a
fall from as .-rent a h..;n.t .... .
lr.nl and lift vf.v T,w ,e.m n'
corded, aifd he consider thi instauce
s j.iouauiy liilliple.
A Wliln,'-Min lilni- Agent Who Wan Not
i rool XitiOnut Djimiiillc.
"About four weeks aro." said a farm
rr on the market tho other day, "I
concluded tc get rid of several old
stump near the barn, and I came in
and purchased some iriant cartridges.
ixexi day iorenoon 1 went at tho ioh.
and had just got a cartridgo tumped
down in the first stump w hen I saw a
man drive un to the house. Th.it -nJ
nothing to bother over, however, and I
iigmeu mo iuso and ran around the barn
to wait for the exnlosion. I h Mil ntilv
got in piaeo when I heard a voieo
" 'Ah! there, Sharp! I w ant to sell
you tho best washing-machine ever
"It was the chap who had driven up,
and my wife had sent him out to hunt
1110 up. Ho wa within ten feet of tho
stump when ho called. I had a two-
iiiiuiiic iuse on tno cartridgo when I
m uni ins voice, anu 1 called hack.
" 'For Heaven's sake o-et nut th,,t"
" 'Oh. I'll n-et out. after I h
you a machine. Sham. u-lii-,. ,-,,!)'
m o, sir, you can nave mv ear if
mat internal idiot didn't vim.il- .... .i ......
hi elbow on the stunm. mnl h.m-.wtl,,,..
when she exploded. He
nix or eight feet.came down spread-eagle
fashion, and then scrambled up and
lllilil.. fin h.u .t: 1 -
" "i..mi n uu silvers .swcKing
out an over hiin. hen ho went In
itio house my wife asked him if the
A FINE WEAPON.
Tin" Kevere Testn to WI1I1I1 KiikIUIi Hnyo-
ni-tii .ire Hiinieririi.
The former test for the ordinary
triangular Martini-Henry bayonet wa
to bend I liciu over a simple hridirc like
the bridge of a violin, and in tlm case
of swords they were bent by hand to a
how of about 4 inches. Ilnvonct am!
swords, if even weak, would stand
these test. Now, however, the test
are extraordinarily severe. The bayo
net ha it point pushed into a socket or
ihoe, and is then bent by hand pressure
over a wood nrch of a segment of
curve cijtial to nearly it entire length,
mid which ha an elevation at it cen
tral of 1'. inches, the hilt end of the
bayonet being bent over to the extent
of more than 4 invito. The metal
must then spring back to it former
condition without the slightest Per
manent set. This test i applied to
nil the tliri.i ioiliu of the linv-.m,,! If
is then tested by torsional' strain by
being fixed in an apparatus in which
the strain of Mil inuinits. uiiwiw.mli.il
weight, is applied. Finally, it is struck
bv hand witli the hardest blou-a oiuui
each of it side against a solid oak
block, by which if any flaw exist, tho
t ,.. . ...... i ill i. ......i.',:.,!,- i..... i i.
.,(, . . ,i , ,i, ,. ll, ..ill, l'l,.t'l,
the slightest permanent bend or set can
It. .!.. .. .
oc ueieoimi aitcr incso p roots, the bayo
net i at once rejected. To cu-o'nld
similar crucial test are now applied,
one of the most important feature
being the introduction of a test for
proving the rigidity of the sword, be
sides the test for proving its temper or I
The artillery carbine saw-lmvoni.t U
suiiiectcd to a test of tins d.-iss Itnt
the most searching of all these tcstsaro
inose applied to the cava rv sword
These are 31 A inches long, and ,5-lli of
an inch t hi -k at the hack- F-udi
blade is first bent over il un.i.l nr.. I, ,.f
nearly it own li-tie-th to the ei,.nt ,,r
two feet at it hilt end, it point being
iixeu. u i iticn put in a frame jier
fcctly vertical, mid it. must, si-oi.l il,,.
weii'ht of ,S:' pound uimn it. u-iiln.iit.
.i... 1:.... . .- .. ;
mo siiginesi initieation ol uny dellec-
tloll. iho hllfle (I blades l:uJ tl,w
test to the extent of 'Mi pound. The
blade i next forced down In- l,,v,,r..,r.,
to the extent of G inches, bowing pro
portionatelv on either side. 'I'
erful cut "are then made bv hand
against a wood block, one with the
front edire. tin. olln.r villi, (I,., I..,.. I.
-r , .,.., ..iv; iti.-iv,
1 ho sword blade is then tested by beinc
placed in a trough or mould finished
up to a mechanical tit Th
and guard being riveted on. tho liko
ies( are applied to the tintshed sword.
The ordinary sword
of the m- pattern, and liko the bayo-
iiris, me (tiignuy too light and weak at
the ends of the il
"- v ji IIU III'
sword of 18.j pattern are heavier, and
niM-iigwifiicu oy a greater thicknes
and depth of metal nt th enuit.rr ,v..,-
tion of tho blade. The new hiivoni.td
are three ounces heavier in u'..;.ri.i ti.....
the former M:irtmi-ll..i,f,- t.!?,..
,.. , , ""J U.l.l.MIV-I.S,
although the .same length a. tho
original pattern. All the present
t . . i . i
ioiiiis oi oayonet are destined, it
would seem, to give way to the latest
pattern sword bavonet. u-l.
probably receive general acceptance a
me nuesi ana most useful weapon ever
associated with the rilled nnisl-i.t I n,,.
RELIGIOUS AND EDUCat
1 here are Iwcmr o;
In thV Hritisb lrliam;?"
'ei. t . . . .
I no rtlclirofltstA ,
10 esiaoiisn a l ei..
tilen l'ark, not
I i I ll'i....
i'hii-ani) lnter.t .:... 1
Connecticut . j .
of it school s .,, Ht
subject of thevil f
bevcrage.-yyM . ti I
- Liu iiiiomn has
thousand dollar si.b..l..J.i('!:1'
ilition that n.i s.iiii..... . ,'I,,iic
M.a.1 ever derive nny ;
jul-lplila. th..ro are In thuS:
three hundred ami , c'-
lieiioiiiination si..m.'...: i 'l"'l''1',
four State. 0T !.
'l'lm 1I..I.. V ,.
'v unit .i Hiini w .
or-'aiiicd in Sv-i-,........ ' . D'y'f
one hutiilrcd inemi..,..'.'. '
l.. i itloi.
I'-ss.-u i lie s i ot .. i
III hers ,.i-.. I i .. .""ft. It
liiil.il T. TV" U,til
Articles of ln,
on... . "'ration
Moiueil wan; lie or i ,.v . '
Society have li...i.riil...i i. ..
Some of I In. oli!.... .. .i"n 1
oward the "elevation lllul tf
inniiin Iv " .....I .1... ... I'1'. 1.
""" me " I Urn it.,. IV
fusion of the seiem... ..i.:i ".'
ligion of spinttmli.sn!',s" 1 ,J 1
NOT SO VERY OLD.
machine saved' ten percent, in soap, but
nc never answered or cum.. f. n ... t
.He just sailed over the forewheol to his
seai on tne wagon, giving the horses a
ui iiii wie wnip, ami wa a mile awav
when I went out to the road to in,,,
if his machine was full-ieweled
i-rrt- i rtss.
A trvntlt'iiiHii hvinT a ,i.,
, '"pi will vMTvniu
wa advised bt a friepd to discharge
her. "No. no. rn ...I l. i
with much fee Z '""""'
. is i-'"' cieauire
could never hear of ,..,tl,.. :
.. , , snuawou.
Where Lovers of Dog Flesh ( lln I'urtlnis
a I nn I ne t'lienp.
The Lewisfon Jmirnn! irives a Hoston
(Inimtner's experience with a high
priced dog. which he had purcha.sc(fon
one of his trip to Maine. The animal
had become sufficiently familiar with
his delighted owner to follow him. so
the young man staffed to drive to Ken. 1.
lield. Hi dog ran along beside his
team, jumping Ion cos and scourine
among the bushes. The drummer had
not gone far when the dog played the
mischief wiih a farmer's sheep.'aud the
drummer cheerfully settled for tlietliut-
J preatly admiring the prowess of
his dog. A few miles further on. the
annual made a raid on a flock of liens,
and killed several of them. The drum
mer pulled his wallet again, and paid
the cost of damage.
Well, he had hardly got under way
once more, when that dog saw another
flock of sheep. The drummer had
bought all the
so he got out of the buggv and started
ins uojr iwi ,ne whip. jH. horse
" .aim- lllimiCllcd mill slirnnir i-?.-
niond caught the tail-board" of tho
wagon ami stopped the horse.
He had no further u.t
when he reached Headtield. ho saw for
, , 'UK' that only a small piece of
chain dangled from his v..si vi..... v...
. t , ... .. . ..v-ii in:
jumped into the back of the wagou.the
. uanciiHu caiigni. pulled out his gold
watch, and broke
which had cost him
twenty-hvo dollars, dropped in the
road. He sent that dog home in a
Pretty Good Material.
As Hostetter Mewinnis
ccnaumourg s lioss t iottung Emporium,
that worthy merchant prince halted him
Don't yer vant tor buy a coat?"
No. I cues not. The iii-ii..ri..t
coat isn't a good as it u.sod to. Just
iook at im coat, i ve had it tive years,
and had it turned once and it is as good
"EiT-esCiisP me tint A, it nn.ik.,
r- - .wai nil., in-icr
been turned. Dot outside breast poi ket
ish on il.it l.,ft "
This wa p-ettinir Host..tt.. in - ,
r- r. ...... in a n'l-
nor, but ho managed to get out very
ICS, I know, tlm mitsi.4., I..-...-
; ' v" uirn.i
pociit t is still on the left side, but that
just goes to prove what I said about tho
iiai.-iiai ocing o good. The coat has
I Ucu turned twice. Texas SijVngs.
The .Ke of Certuln Trees Supposed to he
Those w ho, like Dr. Holmes, have
many trees scattered about- in various
parts of the country, will be interested
in a paper by the Prussian Chief For
ester (Joricke, in tho last number of
the FurxUichc lllattrr. He declares it
to be a falile that there trees in the
t.crnian forests which have lived for a
thousand year. Even the so-called
"historical trees," h,. sins, to wliich
an age of seven hundred to eight hun
dred years is imputed, are nothing but
"hollows surrounded witli bark, vege
tating only a ruins.'' No tree can
reach so great an age in Central En
rope and remain healthy. He has been
... .1... . i. . . ...
ov mi- .iiuis iu uuiKc i ii pi i r iivs at all tho
German, Austrian and Russian forest
academies; and, comparing their re
port with his own long researches, ho
ha compiled a table of th..
tive age of ditVerent sort of tree in
Central Europe. The hi(ri,t ,,.. ...
. . . , ' i--" ..-. -s at
tained by the pine: but !ift,.r it I,..-
reached the limit of
(lines more rapidly than any of the leaf
trees, which continue vegetating Ion"
after thev have bee-im to il,.,...,1"
I .- t v ... , 1 1 . - in;
oldest pine tree, judging by its annual
hilts, readies ail ace of .-.Til .-.
.... , "r-- ' .i.i.s.
Hie next in ai'e. the u-liit.. Hi. .i...
Kohnierwald. is 4-'!t year ol.f ti...
arch, in Bavaria, was' at its olit.t ;.,
L'74 year. The oldest sir il i ti. 1 vol- ...
i ut Aschatlenburg. is 410 venr of a'e.
Tin. ,.i,i..t i 1.....V.1. ..i . . , ..r'"
.... ,... ,, i..-1-i ii, aiso ar Asciiaiten
blirg, is 24,". The hiirlwvit ..i
h.. i-.'iin ni
ealthy age with other leaf trees is a
ioiiows: iho mountain maple, in
Bavaria. '.'-.'4 years; the birch, 160 to
200 year, in Finland; the a.sh 170
vears, in Silesia; the elm. 130 year, iu
Silesia: the aspen tree, '.'19 year. Tho
most frequent among "tho so-called
historical trees" in Ornianv are litno
trees (linden). The renowned "Lin
den of Xeustadt, on the Kooher, in
W urtemberg. i.s known by the local
chronicle to have had its branches sutv-
tiorl.,.1 hv UT ... , .. '"I
-slaves in the year
iiiai it must even then have
oeen a vencra bio tree. It has now
-s. .in nwi i,oiuai nranches, which are
supported at from v f., ....
feet from the ground-by stone col-
l,ls rejiutea to bo over
Vears nlil !,.;..,.. i ,, , .
.vv.,,, nanny oe said to
be alive: it is hollow. ,i 'i, .
bv intern.il ,.ii ..... oul l'u " ll
onr-.-i;Mf, , ,, ,ua
W omen s I'nion Missi, ti
-'.Mil l , I
oriscrved a few day ago jn Kr,,
ji suppoi-i. nine mission jn (.
Jiipan. China, Calcutta and hti'
receipts of the past year Wei;,...;;;,,
mid the expenditures, t?:i7V.'8.j"
-.Instill E. Dow, rineipaloli
ton school, was very thoruiiirhlr i
whi.pe,l by a man named ('t
iiss-rt thai his sister, h vouno r.
hud never been to a public sdi
to Dow to bo examined. I)0 v
her lielweeti two ncgressis anH
tiic examination. Slio got u j(m,)
and Dow got licked. tVn'cyo i,1
lr. Uoth fia published m
tistic of OVer-Dressiire in (l, i-
school. Aecorditi!? to these
tier cent, of theschn .irs is
" . "liu
work up to craduat loll nr.. nt,,.lL(
mo normal statu an of u.oiii,
I'etitnark. where a still
of (Hluciition ik insist iu! m . v .
ment investigation brings to li4
twentv-nino Dor cent, of tlm C
forty-one Mr cent, of thegirWi
A llOV of five vixirs tl., ....
. ...V BVU
clergyman, had behaved nidelvin
pany, and so when visitors filri
ti.a ,i;..;... i... , .,
v..c V4I1IHIJ. loom, mi loiinu inerem
place lor fiini at tho regular table.
plate mid knife nn.l
snio tiibl; and thither tho boy wiu(
i.NiiL'u. io sooner was ho seated;:
hiirh cliiLir thiin hn lw,i...,l kij i
r? "sJ "wncij UWL.
clasjiod hi hand, and said in so
tone: "Oh. Lord, I thank Thee
Thou hast prepared a tahle for n
the presence of mine t'iietuies.'"-C
St. .faniei' Pi'oti.stniit p..:
Church, Cambridge, Mass., has der
a new way of making a (teVUW
A nit. 1 1. 1. .. ,(' .'
. iii.u ...,n;s llflllll mO Hfcttn I
jiarish house on wliich the lot n
purchased, about 1.1,000 sijiiari'l
represented divided into 7,IH.H) li
corresponding to the cost of the;
erty. ..7,00D. Of these blinks i
havi? been crossed oil' because pii:
and just now piore have
crossed off by mean of a laili.'n' r.
tainnienl. Thus cvorvbodv nt a?!i
can see the progress that is mab:
WIT AND WISDOM,
He . selhsh. little and cowardly i
don t know where he ffot it." said
father to his wif tt,u . ' sai'J a
l -.i .. . . "inn uav. ".xor
uiun t jjet those d..f..pta f-.,... r.
-ntinued the fatherV -X0 don't
think h. did." said the motherf "in'
o ' "IZ" dlidut ret thpm 'rom
.. .u.,. necattse von
have not lost mv -if . ..-,04
We are linked both tr tlm md
the future, and our duty to tho for:
well fulfilled, will best fit ustodklr
our duty to tho latter. A'. Y. Ldm
-firoeer: "Half n nnnnH nf !
Which will you have, black or CTef
Scrv.-inl- tliiii.,i ...tl..,.. ..-Ill ,l!v t
for mi onld woman 'that's nearly b'ni
-Llliniifo LCilyrr. . I
An old woman in North Cut
fainted a few day ago nt her tirti.'
of a locomotive and railway train
sijrlit of a fashionable woman' t
would jirobalily driven her criz.
"Oh. mother! Mr. October i-'
ing to give a party!" ' "Well!" '
we are all to wear different kind
roses and things." "Well!" "AnJi
to wear cowslips." "Well!" "-1
you are to tell our dairyman tok
some." .V. '. JJrrnlil.
The world is full of peoplfl '
about fighting windmill amli:
effort in striKrtrlinir with iiii!iiriii:inr
but the man who attends To hi
business and pay cash for grociT
the one with whom prosperity lorr
Women somehow o-et overchi'-
notion th-it 111 on tnnrif nut nrrnU
inen celebrate tho anniversary of f j
Dirt hday as long as they live, :
wojiien abandon the chihli'sh custoc
most a soon as they grow up--:
Fogg crossed tho ferry the :
day. in speaking of it he aiJ;
had just time to catch the beat, '
tossed two cenu to tho toll man 4
ran down Iho dron nt full fP
"Hut." said Brown, "thrco cent.u'
fare. So the ferrv fnlL-a were 0;
cent." "And I.'' replied F22.
in nocen t. ' ' Boston Transcript.
".Mr. riumson, yon talked in.'
sleep a full hour but ni.r).t nmikfP1
awake the whole timer It was dn'1
inl. "Madam, what can you esp'
a man who never gets a chance t'
a word duringthe entiredav?"
fir, I never talk in mv sWp. l1
certain." "Quite right, my d,'f
think it must have been vour '
that started mv."PhibidcIphii
"What kind of a man i he? f,l
bad or indifferent?" "Well, that
Jleild a POOil ilenl nn Tv-hn teetersH -
other end of tho plank with f
If..,., it ; .. err t
vv,v, ou, sir.- t Oil, II ton
tip alongside of Judas Iscariot. he K
uj) middlin' fair; but when vou cow
u..t i,:m .i l .. ..v. .,lli.r 1
I i.iui uuw n oerween sin-n 111
you an' mo. jedge. he do dwiuJl'1,
I rible siiri,.-;,.' I. .1...... I,,r 4 (i'l '
. : I'.-.-iii in- uucs, iu. -