The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899, June 13, 1885, Image 6

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Where tho FM'llee. Haldol. Cornet and
pTtmlljr Ilble4 Cuius l'rom-Soml Muni'
mJ Itellne of the War.
There are seventy-one pawnbrokers
Id Philadelphia ami ono humlreJ and
ten second-hand cloth. w-doalors. Ia
the vinduw oi ever ono oi in so mom
.. . , . i ,
arecixmenunuur ,. ,
lins tnd cornets Beside th ho musi
cal instrument no pawnbroker s or
second-hand clothes-dealer's store
window appears to be complete without
an accordeon, a large family-biblo and
two or throe boxes of mathematical in'
strumento. Nona of these art o'es are
ever of tho best material orwoikman
shlp, and they all appear to be now, or
nearly so. "Where do they an come
fromP" suid a reporter to Y lunula
Kadcliflf yesterday. Ho replied:
"J can tell you something nbout tho
cornets and the banjo. Ti e cornels
are relies of the war. No; t icy were
not picked up on the Held of Lnltli-; In
deod. it Is prooable that they weie nev
er flavored with powder and never got
nearer to a call ti- arms or an order lo
fix baronets and charge than a liall
ovor some raloon In tho city, This is
' how it wan: Pur ng tiie war every man
who could play an Instrument was Ira
buod with tho idea of forming a b ind to
lead a conquering Northern regiment
mrougn me rouin. wno-iiii.i oi mess
patriots went out, and others didn't,
Their cornets and other wind lnsiru
roonU were left on their hands, nnd be
ing only of a cheap d-s -ription orid-
naily, they could only find a market in
tho pawn-shop. Not that the things
wero bouifliLby tho broker. We doi?t
buy things of that sart. They were left
and nover rodeenieu, heeniiso the would'
be trumpeter did not mean t redeem
them. Thn ban!( s como to us In a sinv
ilar way. At a certain period in tho lifo
or nearly every young man t .o loiie
to be a variety actor or a. minstrel
, omtn on very strong. The banjo is
mipposcd to bo tho appropriate instra
niont to start with.
"Two or three months is suflieient
to drive all the neighbors mad and to
cure the variety stage stniek youth of
bis mania. Jlio pawnbroker oilers the
only way of getting rid of the now ob
noxious banjo. Of course it is never
rodoumnd. i'lioro has been a cra.e for
. boxing-glovos among the youn; men of
, tills city lor the pait two or three years
in a; is, ever since Jonn u Miinrnn
made such a reputation. Theso young
lenows navo a loui or iwo.'gei severe
ly punched In tho faco two or tlireo
times, and grow tired of the mittens.
'Undo' comes In useful axain, nnd
numerous pairs of the padded sparring
apparatus nppour in the window of
the pawnbrokers' stores,
"With tho violins it Is different
These instruments are made wholesale
They are turned out of factories by the
doen, made on a regular pattern, all
alike, Sometimes thero happens to be
a fairly good ono among them, and it is
pi ace a in the store oi a musle-uealur;
the others aro left .with pawnbrokers
and second-hand dealer, who receive a
commission on their sain. There is a
large factory of those violins on Kdgo
ware road, London, Kng. I don't know
the name of the firm, but they turn out
thousands annually and send large num
bers ovor to this country. Oyes, there
aresnoh firms In this country. One
way by which theso mimical Instruments
como into dur hands is by our buying
up bankrupt stocks. I don't nou muen
use of doing so, howover, for they only
represent capital invested and interest
lost. We very seldom git rid of them
exoept at the auction sales, when we sell
our unredeemed plodges. . Then they
go Into the country, and if every pur
chaser ot a banto, cornet, or aroardeon
learns to play the number f budding
muslelaus In the United Mates must be
unaccountable. Lots of them must be
like the violin, 'born to blush unseen
and waste Us sweetness on tho derert
"How do the second hand ;tores get
bold or tho tnstrtimeutsr
"Oh, they buy them at our sales of
unredeemed pledges, Thoy aro dead
stock to them, but they servo to orna
ment a window and attract passers-by
1 dare say they manage to sell some of
them, too. Sailors aie great people for
buying musical instruments. When
Jack in start Ing on a eruisj he will buy
a banjo or an nocordoou to play In hU
leisure -Hours.
"1 never Hoard a fa lor play any
thing, but I bet they get some fun out
or tiitiir purchase farm laborers
have a great notion of being musical
geniuses, too. Marke; days are good
days to get rid of the snide banjos and
violins. Hut there Is au Instrument
which lias become a great favorite ot
late years, which I imngino has sounded
tho death-note of the cheap banjo nnd
acoordeou. I moan the orgulnetto,
Anybody enn play thnt. It requires no
learning and Is not very expensive. All
that you have to do is to blip in a per-
lo rated sheet ol paper, something like a
weaver's pattern-card, turn a liandlo
and there you are. J ho harmonium
was a great enemy to the banjo, but it
cost too -much money aud required ft
lot of carting about"
"Well, how about tho big family Bl
blear What does a pawnbroker want
with lliemf"
"You'd be astonished at the number
old. A wave of 'revival niee tines' ia
all that Is neeeary to create a regular
Doom in laruiiy lUbies. J. hey are opened
halt a do;.eu times, the name and birth
days of the family inscribed in them,
and back they coma to us. From ut
they always go to the second-hand
dealer or the Junk shop. What becomes
of them afterward I oan not say. I
guess tha small grocers and funotlon
shops get thera for wrapping paper.
Mathoiuat'cal inttrumonti aro a drug
in tho market We have more of them
than we know what to do with. They
are conerally bought fiom bankrupt
tot'k, and eometimes are merely put
on sale iu pawuhroker' windows lor a
a commission. Then thera Is anothor
source from which all theso article
come in great abundance-the mock
auctioneer or "Cheap Jack.' Theso gen
try got rid of their wares In tho same
ratio as their wit enables them to per
suado eoplo to buy. It is not long be
fore the real value of tho goods is dis
covered, and then they are taken direct
lo the' abode ol a cood and lovinir I
nota.' who never refuses to lend a dof
lar or two upon nythin'.-fHWMlr1lW?herand rinse the botUo with
tkiii ISmes. -
i Miliibimril Mini lit Minx
Petr ileum in t nil appearance des-
tinod to effect changes iu commerce
and industry, second only to those
wrougni uy sicam nseii. i ciroicum
i " - . . .
WttHto ,H nir(,n(ly b,.ln. extensively u-eJ
,or ,,., on lMHlan rauwavs; mesioam-
amps on u.eiftj.n iho nommcwo
Tl J I L . i I i I . .
u :s sn u uiai cruug reiroieuin, n.wr a
fiiw days' exposure to the air, may be
used for tho same pur(1oso with perfect
safety, ami petroleum fuel can
livcred at Ilatiim at twenty-six shillings
a ton. If the scheme for running pipes
from Paku to Datum be carried out, it
oan be laid down for very much less,
lint weight for we ght, pjtio.eura goes
nearly three times as far as coal, and
coal being worth at llatum from 2 to
L.i a ton, It follows that worth oi
the liquid is eiiunl to from H to I'D
wort'i of the Solid fuel. Tho extinction
of our coal fade with Kuss'a has bo
como a question or a lew mo in. JNor
is this all. lVroleum coos Into far les
bulk than sol d fu d, and can be handled
at fur less cost. If it could bo used
by ocean-going steamers for long
voyages, tho gain would b! ono; ni-uis.
Ifv storins the o 1 in the ballast tanks,
Iho space now occupied lycoilcoull
be ut'lizej for cargo; and as tho I. re
are fed mitoiiintically-the pctroleu.T.
boinsr nulver.zo 1 bv a let of suoerheatcd
steam the co-.t of" Moking would be re
duced to nlni'isl tioihitisr. And this is
no lu -re dream, a present reality.
So s nipl ! is tho fuel to use, and so re
liable I tho a't on of the pulverizer,"
wntcs Mr. JViarv.n, "ihat tho J'.nlisli
and liussinn engineers, lunn ng tiie
fct .'amnrs from llaku to tha mouth of
tho Volga, told mo that, having turned
on and adjust, d the llamo at starting,
tliev concern themselves no mor about
the tires until they roach their destina
tion In a couple of days lime. re
troleum is; moreover, clean to u.-o, and
mnkes no smoke.
Anotlur and hijrhly valuable pecu
liarity of petroleum is Its existence in
places remote from coal measures and
whero coal for st..ra or any otlur pur
pose is simply unatta nahlo. more nre
lariro dciioHils of It In llclueliistan, the
Punjab, and prohnb'y In other pnrts of
India. It ought to bo found in tho
West Indies, in tho f'oiifrlere listrict of
St. lucent, tho pilch-lake reeion of
Innldad, and on the Isorthorn coast of
Venezuela. Enterprising capitalist in
want of niit'cts for thn r money could
not well embark in a mo.e promising
ndvcntuio than a quest for petroleum
springs, i ho new fuel Is not likely lo
supersede coal In hngland; but the
strugglo for cxlsteneo and the lowness
of freights may compel its adoption by
all steamers which make long voyages.
iho resulting economy in our ran.dly
lessing coal measures, though it might
not be viewed with satisfaction by the
owners of colliurio., would be an ad
vantage lo tho community, and In
definitely postpone that dearth of fuel
with which our industrial supremacy
has so long been
An tlnderUkar's llellef That Teopla Are
Often Uurled Alle.
The world would be horrified," said
William S. McCarthy, an east side un
dertaker, yesterday, "if it know tho
number of bodies that are buried before is oxiincu uneo in a wiiuo one oi
theso case come to light, but no steps
are taken lo prevent their rocurrouco.
Umitiitl.IitfW tlin li..ii-tnt..l S Mn Kn..t I
I , , i
nil I
iwene years ago nas worried mo ever
sii:co. i was sent for ono day to take
chargo of the body ot a man in Division
street. 1 lie man was a ta lor, nnd had
fallen ovor while sitting on his bench
sewing. Uo was a big, llcshy man,
about forty years of age, and weighed
about two hundred and tifty pound,
1 lio body was warm and tho limbs were
Iiinp. ldd not beleve tho man was
dead, and t-a'd so. His friends told me
that a physician bad pionounced him
dead. 1 was ordered to put the body
on Ice a", onco, tut I delayed this oper-
at Ion, on one pretext or another, for
neariy two days. During this time tho
body lay cn tho bench iu the little shop.
Finally I could delav no longer. The
limbs were t-till a limp as when I iiist
examined tho body. I prepared the
throatcned.-iOdon 0i ... buvs a bil to vet tha discount many learnqu men, aunougn no esiau- mercial society, acting on
" tint miioh t think. Now. It nU n m'UKers. ins Binciures upon raui unnoticed; or. if they are
body for burial, and the next day It was ropressiblo pertinacity and lordly as
burio.l. I do not believe that man was sumption of the average male drum-
dead when the earth was Hhnvelcd iu on
hiacollln. If the same thing were to
happon again I would let somouodv else
dollni burying.
"About iho same time a young
...... . . i
woman living up town was supposed to
have died very Mid leiiiv. A physician
was called in, lie said she was dead,
An old - woman who wa present
thought otlu rwbo and insisted upon it
that shn was In a t ranee. Iho body
wa bur'od. A few weeks later tho olu determined tj la'ihty herself
about it, and br bed the grave-diggeti
to d sinter th. eo Ilia. The lid was r-
nuived aud a horriblo sight was socn.
Tho young woman had como to lifo
and had made a terrible btrugglo for
liberty. Her hair was torn out, and
her face was frightfully scratched.
She had turnod over on her (ace.
'A person Is conorallv believed to be
dead if thoro is uo action ot the heart
or pulse. But if a person is ia a trance
there is no action of the bean or pulse.
A vein should bo opened. If blood
flows the person is not doad. This
operation would take about thirty sec
onds, but it is not often resorted to.
suppose tne porson is suttoring from a
temporary suspension of animation.
Before he can recover the use of his
faculties an undertaker comes in. and
he is put in an ice box, where whatever
life there niav be In him is frozen out.
Tho Board of Health should take hold
ot this matter and devise some means
of ascertaining beyond all doubt that
life is extinct before the body is burie I.
I have thought of a good many differ
ent means. A receiving vault could be
built In every cemetery where bodies
could be placed until decomposition
had begun, when they could be
buried." .V. T. Sun.
TY r1ie.n tv-itfln out & raw rrvr li
Into small pieces and put thera in the
oul - 1 w,ln amepooniut oi sail anu
tablrspoonfuU of water. Shake all
i.t. li i t i. !
clear wstor. . ip
flraiom Why They Can Not On On
Itnml and Compete With .Men.
th I
Tho women aro bcg'nning to follow
nearly a 1 the occupation pursued by
moli, sa d the proprietor of an f ni-
n ID, men t ap-encv lin-towi. ! knl
.i ' o 4 k - -
womon registered for employment to
canvass for books, to solicit for adver-
tmcnK'nts, and to canvas i for lifo imur.
I ....
i anco companies, out. strange to sav.
I no one has expressed a will nTicss ta
on tho rott(I M a eonera, dsrulnmcr
I I . I. V. T ...
iur a mruu iiiuriaiii 10 iiuuau. x va
pec; it to como, though, very sooo.
The iiid cations po nt that way now.
Nearly 30,000 women are idle in New
York to-lay.' Somoof them have tal
ent and energy enough to make suc-
c issiiu urnmmers, iieeisuro.
Tiicy have women drummers in En
gland, why not in America?" asked a
lopoitiir lor the Ainu ana Etprrn.
voii. i:io reason is plain. Somanv
avenue to .make a 1 viug in the United
Mates are open to woman, thev natur
ally shrink from an occupation that
woiiiii Keep uiem traveling alone con
stantly and meeting m m of all kinds
and dealing with them. A woman
with energy and talent enough to De-
com ) a successful drummer would pre
fer to lecture or become a bookvagent.
A merchant, as a general rule, ra mar-
r ed and settled. A woman, then, can
not call her charms in to aid her nni.'ii
in getting merchants to buy. As a
book-canvasser, she can tackle tho
blushing young bachelor and the sus-
cent til i young man, and got a sub-
sr ber on her beauty or winning ways.
No singlo man would dare to refuse
a pretty 1 or charming woman. Jot
s thn married merchant. no
has to buy and sell again, and purchase
every sea on. His bills amount to
tliou nnds, too, and he watches for
close conipet t on lo get bargain?, for
it means many hundreds perhaps saved
to him. With a woman he would not
like to speak of cheap offers made by
other traveling drummers, and ask for
rebates and reductions, lo avo this
trouble he merely says he docs not
wish to buy. That settles Mrs. Wom
an Drummer right there. Could or
would a woman drummer, you think,
adopt the method of the typical drum
mer now oa the road? Let lis see his
programme: lie arrives at the town;
puts up at the best hotel and kindly
consents to dr'nk with the landlord.
nnd tell him how glad ho was to leave
Smith's hash-hou-o at the next town in
order to get to b s hotel; makes ar-
angements witii him to play a little
draw-pokor after tho merchant havo
been v, sited; he goes to. see a merchant;
asks him to come around and seo his
sojuples on cnhibitfm at the hotel;
merchant refuse's. He asks the mer
chant to drink. They do. They smoke
cigars. Xho drummor swears he can
dii count the figures of the other drum
mer the merchant has been buying
from. A dispute arises, and several
hours are consumed in drinking, talk
ing, and smoking. The result is mer
iu i iv 14 14 n iu vr nig iiaTUiiu" iui
to places where trade has already been
established and take orders. They do
not work upon any new business.
Here in the United States drummers
must not only sell to old customers
evory timj, but worK up new ones
Tho r success depends on it. Tho old
customer is l able lo be persuaded to
tulLra n n .1 1ttnlrti fte titiiKj I Vttrtmnn.
ftl ,lous(lg know these facU too w U)
k.iinn nisi uiiuna iui ssviii.-v v viukh i
and that is why women are not em
ploved in that capao ty,
"A line must bo drawn somewhere,
and tho very nature of the business do-
bars them at once, there are jlcnty
of womon in Xew lork to-day plucky
enough to go on the road, but they are
wiso enough also to foresee the result
A largo lifo insurance company em
ploys a woman to canvass for policies
among wo. lion only. They Inform me
that thus far tho trial has given cmi
nent proofs of tho fitness of ono cood
talking woman to got others of-her sex
to insuro their lives. The company
will shortly put seven or eight on tho
road indifferent States. If there should
evor bo an American woman drummer
with tho requisite qualities and tho ir-
mer. then I w.ll sav the time has ' como
to let "women vote and entor tho prie-
H'lg of sluggers.," -.V. 1". Mail and
The Cruel Treatment of an Kjryi'l1"" Offl-
iter to firatlry a IVnmm'i Curloalty.
The magnificent extravaganoe of tho
late Khedive is well exemplified in the
small palaco ho built for tho Kmpress
Eugenie, anJ which has nevor been 0C'
copied sinoe. Here, too, an instance
of thorough Oriental arbitrariness oc
curred. Tho Empress, while thanking
tho Khedive for the magnificent recep
tion he had g ven her. happened to say
that the only thing sno hail, not seen
was an Arab marriage. "Indeed."
said the Khedive, "this shall soon be
reined ed." So ho sent for his A. D.
C, gavo him one of his Circassian
slaves from the harm, presented him
with a largo dowry, and told tho as
tonished dtllclal that everything was to
hp ready in two davs.
Accordingly on the second ( ay thenl
was a graid raarriago a VJrabe. Tho
Empress was greatly pleased, and the
A. D. ('., a man far more European
than Egyptian, and who spoke several
European languages splendidly, found
himself :n'lissolubly attached to a Mo-1
hamtmd in wife, while all along it bad
been tho dream of his lifo to marry a
European lady, onj educated 1 ke him
self, and 'with whom he could asso
ciate. But he knew he darvd not re-
fu e, and so an accident settled his
whole future life. 1'hree Mon'.hs in th
There are some verv odd th ns to
interest the traveler in Porto Rico. The
"switchmen on the ra Iroad are col-
P"1 women, the telegraph operator at
AriA aif IhA ifnt nni is ft nnrtvif nih u I
y . . r, , ' , , " "
b" wd chain his leg, and the gar- 1
oon si we ttpi.m-raenu oauninr
- nace werein namen w ia pigta u.
promised , Would a woman do that? .8."e1(l "Cflt:o" am0D Wrict4 the level and the square.
BURIALS. whv women are not drummers. w"r.e a tr flo - c.' ln B"er Ws on in any way. as likely as
How Great Medicine Arm trough llefora
the I'eop e.
The patent medicine man who knows
the public, who understand the allure
menu of print, knows thn art of ar -
nnirnir rWAr,tiv ,K.i.,-t'uimiu
I n n I " ' -
Yeaia ago, a simple announcement was
enough to brin? medic na into notorie-
i " n
tyj lut in those days people believed in
captivating print.
Uhe advertiser must now adopt some
mode of decept on. lie has learne.l, or
at least has come to believe, that the
people look uiion advertising as an
amusing dodge, This bel ef hasc.itise.l
advertisements of gnat display tos nk
into d s repute. 1 lie man who
to sell something must not only s iow
the superior ty of his goods, but mns
illustrate the pleasures which the, pu
lio fhall experience by dropping into
his house. Prof. Staggs, who has care
fully considered all these po nts- a gen
tleman whose medicine is known all
over the country desiros us to insert
for h ra several hundred dollars' wonh
of advertisements. Consequently,
without farth'T excuse, we submit the
rrederck Willmm may have o -
1et"d lo aiv ont tending lis son n. a fa .-twhicn is transmitted lo u-
by able historian, but A,;n ding
ad verso circ.imslnr.c-v. to one could
kep him . from taking Maggs' Pr
lie e it Projo tiles.
till, remarked sam Johnson, "mv
m'tifortune is great, r rora tho ; arent
whom 1 love, I have inlu r ted scrofula.
1 am a sufferer among men, a laughing
stock among women. Why did not my
pcoplo lake Ma 'gs' L'mphatic Las-
I ...,9"
rreucr fk the Ureat. in an address
to h's irooits said: My men my fel
low men it is with tho most profound
gratittid j that I a Idiess you. The for-
tunes of war are indeed Htful, but the
cordial prepared by Profo'sor Stagg is
as enduring as tho 'cucklc burr' on the
back of a black sheep. 1'ai k clouds
have come over us, mi do i t lor-ei to
take htaggs' Mun'o tal (Jeewhiliken-
ism. Tne hr ght sun rise in the we it
and seta in tho cast, but, my dear
people, don't loso sight of this
nvd'einc. My governmer.t was beet
by fees, my kindred were suilering un-
der tho inlluences ol nostalga, but
when 1 was, persuaded by my druggst
ti swallow a half pint of Maggsi Ki ln
ribus L'numCo ifumaton Nuggets, tho
saw-m 11 shook off its lethargy and
proceeded t do its work W:th neatness
and telegraph
Several years ago my son was Iay.
He objected to getiing up at morning
and making a tiro. 1 ho doctors gave
up hope, but threo doses of Mag''S
Hilar ous Hot Helper caused a complete
change. Now the soft youth arises at
morn n g and splits kindling wood. I
would advise all parents who e ih I
dren aro similarly affected to usj the
samo remedy,
"Gibbon incurred the displeasure of
I W It ii A.J A. 1 .Lt
I - . .
hR" tsken. 0 h;.r ':.
" kB0 tha. the .ngless W,
en we
fuge of - Professor Staggs would have
smote him in the neighborhood where
it would have done the most good."
iiite,, said thcancientph losopl e.-,
'is uncertain.' It is unnecessary lor a
modem writer to attempt a refutat on
of this assertion, for we all know that
it is true, st II thore s a way by wh ch
we can avo.u death. luko bt.iggs
Lightning Laughters. Price ono dol
It is sa'd by men who accept holy
writ that Solomon was the w sost man
who ever lived. We will not attempt
to dispute this, but we all Tnii-t ac
knowledge that he would have been
much wiser had he taken Stagg's Stom
ach Strengthoncr."
Talleyrand raid that language was
made to conceal thought, but at last he
was compelled to acki owledge the fact
that Stagg's Liver Lifters are super
natural in their eltects.
"When Cn'sir was stabbod. he lifted
k'a eyes and said.' 'Tako Stagg's Ko-
b list Uevolut on zers.' " Jrkansaw
Propp'nf of the Ntudjr of Creek lo
Collegiate Canter.
A Boston paper bemoans tho action
of Harvard In dropping Greek from its
1 st of compulsory studies. It aflirms
that this tends to lower tho aim of edu-
e it io ti. It only tonds to educate for
practical monoy-getting." Th s is a
m stake. Ia oue senso it is truo that
tho object of education is this, as mqney-
getting is one of tho pursuits to wh ch
men devote meir best ab l.ty. 1 ut
mere money-getting is ncit the whole
a iu of l.fe, nor the real purj ose of ed
ucation. A money-grub is not an ex
alted character. And vet where money
a posscast-u niu pus tunnies lor u-ciui-
:l I - f
noss are largely increased and thepowor
for good great 1,' extended. Education
is not the mere acquisition of certain
facts, but the discipline of the intellect
in all that pei ta'ns .to the duties of 1 fe.
It aims to tix in tho mind certain great
prino pies from which the person can
go lorward in tho general dutesof life.
It does not so much matter through
just what studies thn mental dr 11 is
reached as that it shall be ccrta nlv at
Greek and Latin belong to tho old
monkish curriculum studies, and date
back well to the feudal times. It so
happens that tho Latin has retained it
v tal ty and is of use in our day. To
some extent it is tho bivsis of our lan
guage and is used in certain profes
sions, as the law and mod c no. But
Greek is uot only a dillicult and labori
ous study, but relat vcly useless in af
ter 1 fe. 1 he language enters so slight
ly into ours, that it is rarely the ci-e
that we are compelled to go back to
the original for the root-meaning of a
word. Hence iu chief uso is in disc'p-
lining the mind of the student. In this
sense, it is held that studies can be rro-
Tided, having all the disciplinary value,
iml vot rtnuxtttfuf nt nrmat iiiiiiri I
' v.rT . r ' . i"'" ' .
bus it does not lower the grade of
cuuchhou w pref . uiukcs hi
more pracucak-zmfoaia cau.
Quality Which Rtlll Ilu an Intrlnila
I Value
At tbe'reeont meeting of the National
- Board of Trade, held in Washington,
l the sneakers vcrv properly took a hi eh
I ..., 1 tnr mamn! honor and the Ins.
i .
tice which should govern the laws of
Um.ln. This was rirrht. From the days
I cf
of the "merchant princes" of Jerusalem,
of Tyro and Sidon, of Koine and Car
I lhage, down to the colonial periods of
American history, the business of traffic
on sea and land has had its advantngo
lakers, its timo-tervcrs, its impostors
and its cheats. But it has also had its
men of enterprise who have ahvays
yoked thoir (peculations to the car of
honesty, and who would never consent U
make progress in any other way. In the
perilous times of tho American devolu
tion there was the merchant John Han
cock, whose honored rnme Maml- o ,t
in such bold letters on our lleclaral on
of Independence; thero was that o her
merchant, liowdoin, up in the
very center of the mercantile life o
Boston; there were those contemporary
merchants, Hutledge, of New York, and
Morris, of Philadelphia.
In tho even more perilous times oi
the late war of the Rebellion, the mer-
chants of our countryproduced many
of its best and most tr.ei friends, hone
of them poured out their money on its
behalf like water; and others, of the
rank and file, rushing from the count-ing-r:om
and the store, laid down their
lives for the Nation in tho fore-front of
All honor, then, to the patriotic mer
chants of America!. The principles of
commercial honor, by which such men
are guided, are a credit, not only to
their numerous and influential class,
but to the human race. There are, of
course, exceptions to every rule; but it
is an admitted axiom of ethics that all
such exceptions only strengthen the.
rule. The very fact that a rule is ex
copied to, proves not only its existence,
but that the rule must be
rrriA Vt n i-n
sia J
the exceptions are bad.
You might as well object toChristian-
I ity because there was onco a Juda.s Is
cariot or to patriotism because there
I was a Benedict Arnold, .as to object to
American commercial honor because
there have been, and still are, scoun
drels and villains in the ranks of Ameri
can merchants. As ono swallow docs
not make a summer, neither does one
scabby sheep undervalue a whole Hock
It is a fact, susceptible of the clearest
proof, that American commercial honor
is the peer of any in the world. In these
days of magnetic telegraphs and fast
presses, tho misdeeds of commercial
men are rapidly trumpeted abroad, not
only as legitimate matters of news, but
as sensations fitted to feed the cormorant
maw of the greedy public; a capacious
maw, indeed, that, like the daughter of
the horse-leech, is perpetually crying,
as it gorges itself, "Give! give!" All
the while the modest members of com
the scale of
are passed by
not it is to
be iudetl as no better than thev oucht
to be, in fact as tarred with the same
brush that has smeared some of their
villainous ne'ghbors.
I he duty of the press In all such cases
Is to keep constantly in view the invari
able distinct. ons between right and
wrong. The good man should be com
mended while the bad man is censured,
The good man should be rewarded by
the applause of the community while
the bad man is punished by its laws
Money is not yet the god of our country,
and we devoutly trust it never will be.
Commercial honor has still an iutrinsio
value; a Value more precious than jew
els, more inestimable than silver or
gold. Philadelphia Cull.
redntrlonlsm, If Intelligently Indulged In,
Conduces to Health.
Every healthy person, man or woman,
should be a good walker, able at any
time to Walk six to twelve 'miles a day
at least, and for double that when grad
ually brought up to it. The points to
be attended to nre, to see that tho walk
be brisk and vigorous, , not of a loitering
or dangling kind; that there be some
object in the walk besides its being
routine constitutional (i. e., not like
tho staid promenade of the orthodox
ladies' school), and if possible in pleas'
ant company; that there bo no tight
clothing, whether for the feet or tho
body, which will constrain or impedo
the natural movemcnt'of tho limbs and
trunk, and that the walk bo taken as far
as possiblo in the fresh country air. In
regard to this latter particular, al
though towns are increasing so rapidly
as to make it almost a journey to get
out of them on foot, still we have so
many suburban tramways and railway
lines that in a few minutes we can lind
ourselves ln the country, where the air
Is fresh and pure. Whenever an oppor-
is iresn ana pure, w nenever an onn
tunity preseuts itself for a little climb-
ing in the course of a walk, it should be
taken advantage of. We gain variety
of muscular action, as well as increase
the exertion, and we get into regions of
purer air and fresher breeze at the samo
time. hat may bo considered as the
weak point in walking as a mode of
exercise is the comparatively small play
which it gives to tho muscles of the
shoulders and chest, while it Ls still less
for thoce of the arm. This should be
compensated for by the use of light
dumb-bells or Indian clubs, or somo
other form of exercise which brings in
play the arms and shoulders. One of
tho forms of exercise which requires the
action of the muscles of the arms and
shoulders, as well as those of the trunk
and legs, is swimming. This, however,
for many reasons, can not be used as a
moans of exercise except by si few, and
at certain seasons of. tho year, but
whore possiblo it should always be
practised. The great pity is that boys
and girls do not learn it, as a rule,
whilo at schooL Every large town
should be well provided with swimming
baths, and if it could be made com
pulsory fur all scholars at a certain age.
J iweive, io icarn io swim, u wouiu
be a great advantage to all. and also be
. i... i
the means of saving many lives.
Herald of Uealih.
A Mnl Like to Holler Skating tbtt
Helied the Feople of Madagascar,
In looking over a volume the other
day that contained accounts of different
manias that have taken hold of nations
in past years, I came aero s the follow
ing, which I submit to tho consideration
of roller skaters and other interested
Ia the month of February, 18C3, tho
Europeans resident at Antananarivo,
the cipital of Madagascar, began to
he ir rumors of a new diseaso, which it
was said had appeared in tho west or
southwest. The name given to it by
the natives was "iraanonjana," and the
dancers were called "ramanjana,"
which pr bably comes from a root Big.
nifying to make tense. Tho name d.d
not convey any idea of its nature, and
the accounts given of it were so vagus
as to mystify ia:her than enlighten.
After a time, however, it reached tho
capital, :ti:d in the month of March bo
gin to bo common. At first parties of
tw) or turoe wore to be soen, acconipj.
n ed by niu-icians and other attendants,
di'iiein? in tho public places; and in
few w. ek these had increased to hun
dreds, s-j that ono could not go out ot
doors without meeting bands of these
da xer. It spread rapidly, as by a sort
of infection, even toth i remote villages
in tho central produce of Imerina, bo
that having occasion to visit a di-taut
part of the coixtry in company with an
Kcglishman, wo found, even in retnnts
hamlets nnd, more wonderful still, near
solit iry cottages, tho sound of music,
ind cat'ng that the mania had spread
even there.
. Tho rapidity of this spread wa3 cor
taiiily remarkable, but not to Le oom-
pared with what is related of the out.
Dreau ot xne child pilgrimage ot urfort,
when on the 15th of July, 1237, one '
thousand childr n assembled as if by
instinctive inipulso. without preconcert '
anil unknown to their arents.
The dancing was regulated very much
by the music, which was the qui -kosl
possible. J lie patients wero fond ol
carrying sugar-canes about with' them.
Tiiey held the.n in their hands or car
r e I theiu over their flioulders while
they danced. Fre uentiy, too, the
might bo seen going tiirouh their sin
gular evolutions with a bottle of water
upon their heads, which they succeed
ed wonderfully in balancing The
dium was the favorite instrument ol
music, but others wero used, and all
wero accep able.
The disease was rarely fatal; still s
few ca-es of deaih undoubtedly hap
pened, and tiicse only occurred, so fai
as the writer is aware, where the pa
tiout was restrained from joining in tlx
dances. It would seem that these per
sons actually died from pent-up passion
or excitement. The dancing, no doubt,
was so far salutary. Tho music servod
to regulate and control t e wild mus
cular movements that might olherwist
, have proved injurious. A most remark
able fact is, that the mere physical ex- '
ercise, prodigious and long-continued
as it is in this disease, seems perfectly
harmloss, and we know of no fatality
connoctod therewith. Pittsburgh Vif
faith. e
ObeerTntlon't of a Sailor Juit Retnrnel
From a Tolar Whaling Expedition. .
One tribe was new in tlioso paiV,
and boforo us whalers had nover seen
white complexioned men.' So cagoi
were they to get woolen goods and
metal implements that they had gives
tho whalers w ho had preceded us thi
very fur clothing on their backs, and
were rigged out ridiculously in cloth'ng
of our m-.rj southerly latitudes. 0n
fellow iu particular-for an Esquimaux,
a tall, gaunt man come running in
advance of lh! o ho s and ha I on onlj
an army overcint and a pair of boots.
Somebody dubbed him Abo Lincoln.
He ran along nimbly and evidently fell
warm enough in tho sunbeams, but in
order to board us he undertook to
climb up the shadowed side of the ves
sel, and o'l! how he yelled from tlis
cold. With somo litt'e work, we pol
him aboard and t ok . him back to tha
warm cabin and the steward got him a
pair of heavy trousers. Well, we had
a motley ciow on deck whrn the rest of
the , Esquimaux onlved. The two par
tially civilized tribe were rich .with
fantastlo ornaments, but the new trib
had old kn'fo blad s, pieces of tin aud
bra-s tied ncros tiicir foreheads and
various kinds of more refined good
jewelry, Mich as earrings, tccklaces,
brar-elets. They c -uld not speak a
word of English, but soemed happy i.nd
made themselves at homo at once. Aba
Lincoln was -o delighted w.tli his new
trous'-rs, and, in fact, his whole outtit,
that he dance f about tha dock in high
glee. He cut such a fancy figure that
I just roared with laughter. I threw
ba k my head, opened ray mouth wide
and en'oyed myself. Suddenly they
all clustered about mo and earnestly
peered into my mouth. 1 stopped
laughing and thought tncre must be
something wrong with my appearance.
This was a serious matter to me in
those days, as I believed that my trim
figure when nshore took many a girl's
heart by storm. Theso half savages
stoo 1 mutely gazing at me. and after
some persuasion my messmates got me
to open my mouth again. Each Esqui
maux craned his neck forward to get a
view. "Ye., thero it is. sure enouo-h ."
They were looking at nie gold tiling!
in my teeth. Ana they set to jabber
ing and dancing around me as if mad.
I learned that they took these gold fill
ings to bo some new kind cf ornament.
tor. brooklyn Lagle.
Animals are capable of gwinimin?
great distances, although unable to rest
while in the water. A do? recentlv
swam thirteen miles in America to re
joiu his master. A mu!e and a dog,
washed ovcr-boarl in the Bay of Bis
cay, have been known to make theii
way to shore. A dog swam ashore at
the Cape of Good Hope with a letter in
his mouth. As a certain ship was labor
ing heavily in the trough of the sea il
was found needful in order to lisrhten
the Tesbel, to throw some troop horses
overboard. Upon finding themselves
abandoned, they faced round and swam
(or miles after the TesseL Ckicaat