RELIGIOUS AND EDUCaTIONAL. The strength of tho church Hos not la tho oratory of the pulpit, but in tho oratory of tho closot. tmrqton. The number of students In att id ance at Boston University has steadily Increased tho post four years, the sum marled being as follows: 605, 655, 691 and 610. Zoon Journal. The Alabama Baptist snys that there are in that elate l.mt uaptist ohurcbca and 8.00 orda'ned ministers: bat 860 are unemployed on account of the once-a-mouth system which is so maun In vogue there. It Is. of nil things, not essential that a school-boy or girl shall know the various marks by which to distinguish the "a" In fat, far, fall or flame, and over which golden time Is sure to be yasU'ilJ hiiaUcliMa riMic Ledger. The school savings banks of France have been wonderfully success. fuL la 1879, live years after their foundation, there were 10,440 schools provwed with such banks, and TU.'iW depositors. The numbers have now risen to 21,484 schools and 442,021 do. positors. Lost year the women of the United States gavo 1 600,000 toward Christian izing the heathen. Of this large sum Presbyterian women gave nearly $200, 000; Baptist women, 11.56,000; Con gregational women, $130,000; Northern Methodist women, $108,000, and South ern Methodist women over $25,000. Chicago Herald. During tho past eighteen years, ao cording to tho Jrih World, the Irish Roman Catholics have contributed for various church purposes houses of worship, convents, colleges, schools, eta-about $30,000,000. litis includes $2,600,000 paid to tho Pope. The Irish are a poor people, and have given this largo sum out ol their poverty. It is safe to say that not more than ono-half tho school population in tho South received an education covering the school age. J5ut, In audition to the children, there are 1,. '164.974 males twenty-one years of ago and upward who are illiterate. Adding these to tuo children who altendod no school, we have a grand total of 4,010,690 in the South who at present have no adequate educational advantages. N. Y. Herald, The largest single contribution made lost year to the missionary work of the Protestant Episcopal Church was from a Chinaman, Mr. Charles Ping Lee, of Shanghai, who gave $5,000 to St. Luke's Hospital In that oity. Tho gift was niado in reeognltion of the noblo work accomplished by the hos pital for tho suffering and distressed among the countrymen of the donor as truly a Christian work: as that ot min istering to tholr spiritual necessities. N. Y. Examiner. Cape Town Diamonds. J. C. Silberbauor. of Cane Town. in a recent lutorvlow said: When peo ple tell you that the supply of dia monds down our way is exhausted you !ust tako Inom to one side and whlsuor n tholr ears the solemn fact that they don't know as much about our business as thoy did last summon Sabe? Our diamond Holds are situated In the mid dle of tho Great Desert. Now, I am going to toll you something that will surpriso you. Tho leading diamond mlno and tho ono that furnishes most of the diamond wealth, is nothing more nor less than what do you suppose P tho crater ol an extinct volcano. 1 his mine sfneo 1870 has given to the world at least $100,000,000 worth of dia monds, and Is still yielding at least s 18, two, 000 worth yearly. Kow 1 will toll you something about tho plan of work In thlsvolonuio diamond mine. Tho interior of tho oxtinct volcano is iillod with a sort of ashen substance which Is of the hardness of rock. Within this the diamonds are imbedded. Thousands of crystals exactly similar to diamonds are embedded in tho sanio snug quarters. Tho mlno Is dividod into hundreds of claims and tho crotor has now boon emptied to a depth of three hundred feet. Kxperts havo bored down to al most ondlesi depths, howevor, and ro- Kort tho mpply as practically inex austiblo. As soon as this ashen sub stance Is loosened, hauled to the sur faoo of tho earth and exposed to the in fluence of air or water it dissolves and crumbles like sand, and tho crystal and precious stonos lie in tho grasp of tho speculator. To vou, tho crystals would appear of equnf valuo with tho dia monds, but an export knows a great deal better than that, lie placos stone after stono betwoen his lips, and tho precious treasure is easily selected and carefully lookod aftor. The seorot of the matter is not much of a socrctwhen you know that a diamond in its crude state Is velvety to tho touch, while a crystal is hard and unyielding. The mouth of tho diamond volcano is sur rounded with mining machinery, mostly of American raamilaoture. The work men employed in tho mines are entirely naked, and their movements are watched with jealous eyo. The laws have bocn niado exceptionally severe for tho punishment of thioving minors the penalty In most instances being long years of service In tho ponol eolonios but this fact docs not doter tho poor dovlls from taking tholr chances for winning an Immense fortune with as ;gle stone. Their hair is clipped to tho s alp, they are not allowed to wear Lear Is of any aort, tliey are entirely naked, am ex amined critically upon 1 uvlng the mine, and yet they steal millions. How? I will tell you. They swallow the shiners. You should see them gulp stono down In tho faco of the guards. After recovering their plunder tho thieves depose of tho stones to specu lating Jews, w ho hang about the place like carrion crows. These receivers also run a groat risk from stringont laws, but the great profit justifies the peril. They generally buy a $10,000 stone for about $500. There are also several mines In the desert beside the crater mines, but they are small and comparatlvely uninnHirtant. Our dia monds all go to England in the rough, but the United States buys more pure dlamonus of the first water to-dav than any other country upon earth. That's news Air you, my boys new. The Indies and Turkey are great markets or off color stones, the nabobs setting them In aword and dagger hilts. Our gold fields north of the Transvaal are also assuming proportions of real ooin- merciw LWDortinivL rtrii TV...... v v. v ww . firw. Fashion Items. Tim blo bonnet dies bard. There Is a tendency toward amaller bustles. Ribbon , belts and sashes are im mensely popular. Kound and pointed wa'sts are equal ly fashiouablo. 1 he lull's XV. easaquin is one of the dressy fall wraps. Waistcoats o' undressed kid are worn on tha other side. The nrettv Moliere waistcoast is moribund, but it dies hard. Opalike shot silks are favorites for early fall wear in the city. Tho trimmed Jersey Is as popular in Paris and London as in New i ork. Children's grmenU for early fall wear will be composed largely of plaids. Some of the new cheviots woven in bird's eve eltects are called Floren tines. Iron nist red velvet Is combined ef fectively with olive-colored wools in fall suits. Gordon blue and Little Duke green come among a host of new colors for fall wear. The plain velveteen skirt will assert Itselt as soon as laii lasnions are an nounccd. Military jackets and half military styles are affected by certain leaders of European las Hons. Whore lawn tennis, badminton, ana cro ,uot are niu n played me jersey is sure to be much worn. Polonaises are draped In many eo- oentrio and some graceful styles and sometimes remain undraped. Laoe-liko eflects appear in the velvet brocho designs of tho importations of velvets for fall wraps and dresses. Gro iter va-iety t.ian ever prevails in the outlines of garments, dresses, wraps, jacket, and mantels this fall. Shades of fashion, the shadows of coming styles, rather than tho fashions themselves, are noticeable now. Pale gray tulle, beaded with crys tal and worn with posrls and dia monds forms an Ideal ball toilet for carlv fall or late summer. Large pla'di, largo bars, medium plaids, small checks, and blocks both targe and small, appear in the now pluidod lren.;h wools. Tho bla k lace dress with deep flounces of lace and a laco basque and overdress over a colored bodice and skirt is the to let for tho Casino balls. Vtloiin friso, vdour fourrure. ve- lour lame, volour cIsjIs aro some of tho many namei for tho new vol et brocades brought out this season. 1 rotty delicato ernbroiderio in bunches and sprigs dono in feathery, light designs, appear on tho dark and neutral grounds of new fancy wool fabrics. Among Fall wraps come short Jack ets litted in to tho figure in the back, loose, plaited Fedora fronts lace bor dered and w.th shoulder knots of rib bon loops. Among the first importat'ons of for eign goods are novelties in rich all-wool trench nlaids. show nr new colors. new combinations, and admirable shad ings of the various colors. Skirts will be tucked, tlouncod, braid ed bordered with gold-dottud volvots and other funcv fabrics In brocho wool or silk, accordion and box plaited ac cording to fanoy. i he black and gold uniform of the Spanish Army is a form of military toilet brought out and worn at tho sea side by tho Countess of Alcantara out) of the leaders of European fashionable society. 'lho Austrian military jacket of while cloth, gold braid anil buttons, and colar and culls of purple velvet, is the high novelty at European seaside resorts. It was introduced by the Prlncoss Motternich. Plush brocho is a thing of the past; in its place come furry and curlod pile volvots. cut and uncut, and with ciso'e or chiselled pile of various lengths, to imitate tho chiselling of stono in ornate Gothic architecture. N. Y. Sun. la tho Adirondack. Tho. destructions of forest, without any relation or benefit to even this po r agriculture is equally noteworthy. Mountains which I romomber well as covered with forest aro now us bare aud rooky as tho lower White mountain peaks, and tho face of tho most moun tainous port!' us of tho country I have jest passed through is scAiOcly recog nizable, it was not until l arrivod at the t-'a anao Lake that I becamo aw aro ot tho Identity of tho localities I know twenty years ago, and cvou here I hero Is great change, lho Invasion of tuo forest is going on at a rate which, even if not accelerated, will loavo no solid mass of forest of any considerable ox tont after another century, and tlrs though tho land offers no induocmont to farmors as compared with western countries less, even, than districts in Now England, which are now giveu up fmt.iralv in sltnnn Anil nntrlu (rrnvlnir The greater part of this Adirondack country, it must bo romomborcd, when once burnt ovor, and tho accumulation of mould of many centuries, which is its only soil, destroyed as it is by tho nres, is absolutely worthioss. oven lor forest culture. Hero may bo seen re mains of forests, with stumps of lm;o trees still rooted among bare crags, ovory trace of moss and mould having boon eradicated by the ivnted lires. lletweeu these trails are occasional passages of lei tile land, not great in aggregate extent as t'omparo.l with tho mountain land, and these aro t .o only ortious which attract agrieulturUs. n post vears these lound their market among tho lumbering population, but as tho available lumber country is now becoming rapidly exhausted, lho lumber trade will lose all its impoitance in iuw junra, aim iuu uiiucuillfs OI ommunioation would destroy tho market valuo of the produce of those remote and .solated tract. I he newly discovered sanitary qualities of the Aif- rondack region are attracting many invalids, and even in the winter there is an increasing and a ready consider able number of visitors for health. This new Interest complicates tue question of forest preservation, and it must bo tudied with botn the lumberman and the tourist to oonsido . A. present the lumberman is doing all he can to de stroy the commercial value of the for est by tha exhaustive cutting of the pines and spruces, but the operation, if done carefully and under strict super vision, would do no harm, nor is there any reason why the lumbering should be stopped. It is not the axe but the hre-lx-and that destroys the font t, and thu proper restriction or the tour.st and sportsman In their rocklossness of lire making, as tho came ot more devasta tion than the ae and plough com biued, is a much in the interest i f the lumberman as of the State. Tho in c ease of this class of visitors, tho con so went Increase o hotels and summer "residences, each one the nucleus of new cleariu, the centre from which new lire invasions start, mako th s re striction every day more important. Hotels are now building In the very heart of the wilderness, and each on j by the local oem nil it causes for the products oi the soil, tor its own uses and those of the attendant po u'ation of guides and boatmen, increase iapld ly all the difficulties attendant on lho final regulation of the i uestion. ' That portion o' the responsibil'ty of the great and profitless destruction which falls to tho lumberman is due to the'r reckless ai circulation of tho "brush wood" which tho trimming of the trees causes, and which, being of the pitchy firs, is, whon dried, as in flammable as powder, and prepare the ground for the match of the tourist whose camp-tire leaves the kindling of the m'ghty conflagrations we see here at times. Cor. H. X. toentng tvh Enibalmers. 1 he first names to be found in the profession have a ttraugo Dutch and tiuasi learned Latin air about them- Ue Bills and Clauderius, Kuysoh a:;d Swamraerdum - apothecaries, ornVeura and pbysie'ans; eao i boasting oi' his own pamculur process and conMmptu ous of lho other, and each with his own cabinet where he kept his specimens, and whence ho jealously ex iudoJ his rivals. Of these, Ruysch, the anatomist, was tho most celebrated and the most suc cessful. Up to his day, the Egyptian process simplified and modified, but not materially departed from, had chiclly continued in reputo, and it wa he who introduced an important change of detail, and con eived and execute t tho plan of injecting prescr.atlv j fluids into tho dead body bv the blood-vessels. A ( ontomporary of Peter tho (.Teat, he carriod the art to such peno t;on thai Ins spcoimens wercithe wonder of the time in which ho lived, and it is e en re orded that the C-ar on seeing the body of achild which ho had preserved, did not detect It was dea I and kissed it. i'.ut he died with his seo et uudisclo-ed, jealous of it to the last, at they all were; Do mis, too, departed i ncoiniuuiuca tive; though Clauderius, on one occasion admitted to his cabin t on the s r t undorstaud ng that he touch nothing, managed to wet his finger and apply it tie reuy to a specimen, auu losiiiig it, . .v.. - ; " i . . .. dotected the presence ol salt. In England, William Hunt fol lowed the process of huysch, making a woll-known usi) of it with tho wifo ol the eocontrlo Martin v. n Jiutouell, who reposes to this day in the Museum of tha Collego of Surgeons, to whoso receptions alter death many of tho most learned and fashionable of the London world Hocked iu curiosity. Madamo van liutcholl Is no longer tho attraction she once was., j-ho lies. or lather stands, in an upright case with a glass i d, in a tar-on, locked-up room, among odd bo es a d d st v pic ture-frames. Her eyes are sunk and tho mouth Is drawn, her hair is frowsy and tho limbs wofully pinched and shrivel d, but tho general outline of tho iiumi nun icuiuru re ui.suuei enougu lor recognition, and the nose retains a cer tain archness and piquancy erv re markable in a lady who should have boon dust any t'mo thesj hundred and ten years pat. JNexttolier, iuasim liar case, stands a person embalmed by Sheldon. She died of consumpt on, just a hundred years ago, and Is not at all a pleasant sight. Curnhill Magaiino. A Peddler's Trick. An Allechcnev ohvsic.ian. hivinw his suspicions aroused that then was somo trick about tho livm r thin s found iu the water on the South Side when, ex amined under a microscopo, found that u pcddlor of micros jopo liad led to all tho trouble. Tho attention of Dr. Shillito, of Allegheny, was called to the matter. Dr. MiHIito possesses ono of tho finest microscopes in the country and is an export in all mierosooj leal niauer. no examined one ot tho i od dler's plates and found that tho "wrigglers" wore what are known as sour-pnsto lizards. Iheso creatures, Invi-uilo to tho naked eve, aro gen erate i by sour paste. The paste can bo dr oit and kept for years. A drop of water win uissoivo it and reanimato the thousands of lizards that it contains. Tho peddler w is hunted up au forced to divulge his secret. Ho hat In his vest pockot a small bottlo filled with sour paste in liquid form. On entering an o nco no would oiler to show the impurities in a drop of water. The urp would be brought to him on his glass plate. In tho most natural uian- nior possible he would draw his tooth- lck, wh cu was sticking in tho invisi- bio bott o. and spread the water o.erthn surfaco of the glass. Just enough of the sour posto adhered to tho toothpick and was depo-ited on tho glass to carry a number of li anh with it. The clas. so prepared, would bo placid under tno magnli.er, and tho water would be found to b) alivo with transparent ha ds that seemed never t ied of ashing back and forth under tho glass. Dr. illito exposod the trek 'to a numlicr of friends last evening, ifter having suooo-sfully made them tndieve that it was the water alono that th y were exam'ning. Pits'jurgi (I'a.) It is har il work In hn linnnat erythlng worth having that is good or prcui cisia lauor, eiuiurnnod anu sacrt tiv. And hnnAst.v ta nnn it tha nhiira.. tristics that rails for this rwiL Whv then, should not honesty re eive some iiiuo encoura emeot inrougn the nruumt mmlshmnnt nf thoi.i wlm nnVn.l against A.bvston Commerj al liullt tin. It is a mistake that Santa Anna loft Mexico a poo.' man. i.e arried Into exile In the est Indies a great fortune, spent thousands co k fiehr no and gambling, aud left his widow rich. Tempered Glass. It Is not very long since the discovery of M. Alfred de la IJastie filled all our newspapers with paragraphs, more or ri,li,.iilnim. about the properties of (his glass. Some claimed ft was malle able; others that It could not bo bro-; ken. In tact, tempered gioss was io. minorsede all other materials. The ex citement being over, tempered glass, may now take its rank among vaiuauie inventions, subject, nowever, w muj defects in its present state. The process of tempering gloss, as is well known, consists in heating a piece of glass, say a window pane, to such a degree as to approacn maueaBiijy, dm not hot enough to lose its shape; the fdass in this state Is Instantly plunged it to a bath composed of fatty and res inous matter, which is heated and main tained liquid at a temperature ranging, from three hundred to six hundred de grees, according to the quality of the glass. The difference of temperature between the malleable state, about 1,400 degrees, and that of the bath con stitutes the temper. Glass in the plastic state, when plunged into cold water, will fly to pieces if dropped indiscriminately, but if a piece of fluid glass1 is allowed to fall, into water in the shape of a tear or drop, it will be perceived that the outside of. the glass cools at once, while tne lnsiue remains partly fluid for somo time, as can bo distinguished by the red color Hhowing through the water. This cool ing will continue until the mass is per fectly solid. This indicates that the outsido ' layer becomes at once con densed bv cooling, while the In- sido remains fluid and consequently more distended, ibis cooling process goes on, the outside, laver compressing the noxl adjoining, until the whole mass ta tlinrnnrrlitv t'ttnlftrl Thla nrllfinr form ana state of glass is known as Prince Rupert's drops. Though a hard blow may be struck upon the thick part of these drops, it ha no perccptiblo ef fect, but if tue thin tail end is ruptured the whole mass instantly flies to pieces. The glass appears to be under a great tamo vi u-nsiuu, anu me icum rupture ui the equilibrium, such as the breaking of the slender thread terminating tho drop, i . . . . t i . i - , . . . is HiUlicicnt to destroy the mass. Until tho discovery of tempered glass by M. de la Bustle, it had always been considered that unless a lamp chimney or any other piece of glass was perfectly. annealed, dillerences oi temperature brought on suddenly would invariably cause a breakage, lho isaslie glass would seem to prove this view to be er roneous, as the tempered glass can sus-, tain sudden and extreme changes of tcmperaturo without breaking. Molten lead has been poured into a glass bowl, or tumbler without producing a frac ture. A piece of plate glass tempered by the Bastie process, having been. heated among coals, was suddenly plunged into coia water without pro ducing any effect. This experiment. rcieated live times in succession, did not seem to impair the qualities of the' class, for on dropping it from ai mm BKiry winuow it uiu not ureas, ii ' .i 1 t. I ; 1 i i i I. may be said, however, that if in the; heating the temperature should reach the point at which it would be an nealed, the temper would be destroyed.; This action does not seem to take place wnen tne period oi reheating is not con tinued too long. A plate of glass 61 by 4 inches and three-sixteenths inch thick could only bo broken under the shock of a weight of seven ounces falling-thirteen feet, while an ordinary piece of glass of the sanio dimensions would break under half of that weight fulling about sixteen inches. fll. Mcmens, ot Dresden, says that the strength of glass is increased fifty, times bv being tempered. A bent pluto of gloss laid upon tho floor, the convex side upward, is capable of resisting the weight of on ordinary sized man with-, out breaking. The glass while subjected to the weight will flatten out, but as soon as the pressure is removed it will spring bock to its original shape.; Hardened glass seems to be. less denso than ordinary glass; it is harder, how ever, and is more difficult to cut by the diamond and tempered tools; it also possesses a much superior elasticity. over the ordinary glass. binco tempered glass, however, can not bo cut with the diamond without' Jlyiii"; to pieces, its use must necessarily be limited to dciinite sizes not re quiring to be modified; this is quite a drawback to its use. It would seem, however, that some of the defects have already been overcome, for at the Paris Exposition quite a display of tem pered goods was made by tho Socicte .1.. i t . 1 r.. : . aiiuu uiu uu tvna j.reuipu, ui i una. Among other things was quite a display of druggists' and chemical glassware, mortars, pestles, beakers, covered bowls, funnels; also a variety of plnin and cut glass tumblers, goblets, do cantcrs, globes and chimneys; opal plates; a depolished bowl with cut facets, colored gloss, engraved, cut, etc. It is said that tho making of ar- tinlntt Tnrvincr in tlilnkrtncQ ia hnvnrilniia as many of tneni aro apt to fly to pieces eithor in the making or cutting. Glass- wart Reporter. Prospecting. "Come in," said tho fourth floor lawyer as the bov rapped on the door. "av, mister: Well?" " "Are you going to burn coal this win ter?" "I may." "Then you'll have to buy somo." "Perhaps." "And you'll have to have it carried "p-: "Miouidn t wonder." "And I'd like the job." The lawyer locked his hands back of his head and looked out of the window for a long timo without a word in reply. The boy put in his time looking around tho room, and when the silence had be come painful he said: "Well, good-bye. If you get a case this fall, and get any money, and buy any coal, and don't want to carry it up yourself after dark. I'd like tha tnh. Vou can remember I'm the boy who spoke to you. I've got red hair and two boils on my log, and I feel awful sorry for poor folks. Detroit Free Press. Manv of next winter's fashions will be almost an exact reproduction of the .1.1.. ..J -. V . .Oi-A wii-s auu UBiierns oi int rear loou. .V. r. iut. Kergrur-lcn's Land. In former years the Kerguelcn group of Islands was noted as a favorite breeding-place for the sea elephant. On this accouut it has been mucn frequented by sealers for the last forty years, and re sorted to by whalers as a wintering place The elephants have been so recklessly killed, that they are now quite rare, but are still found in con siderable numbers on Hurd's Island. Probably they would long ago hove entirely abandoned .the Kerguelen Island, but for the single inaccessible stretch of coast called "Bonfire Beach," where they still "haul up" in the months of October and November, and breed In considerable numbers. This beach is shut in by precipitous clifls, across which it is quite impossible to transport oil in casks, nor can boats land from the sea, or vessels lie at an chor In the offing, on account of the heavy western winds which prevail a great part of the time. On capturing a small female some scientists made a careful examination of it with this result: It was eight feet and ten Inches long, and in girth eight feet and four inches, being enormously fat. The layer of fat, beneath the skin, was four inches thick, and the body seemed al most formless, and the fat quivered like a lolly. Another specimen which they killed, a bull elephant, measured twenty-three feet in length. These fel lows, which alone are provided with a proboscis, take charge of each, of large number of females, guarding them from the approach of other bulls, and prevent them from returning to the sea before the young are old enough to do so with safety. During the breeding the bulls are very pugnaoious, hgbting fiercely with each other, and even at tacking the scalers themselves. Al though seemingly so unwieldly, they get over the beaches with surprising speed advancing both flippers at a time and using them like crutches. The beaches of the Royal Sound are fringed by in numerable wallows or cradle-shaped pits, in which the animals lie during the breeding season, recalling the buf falo wallows of our Western prairies. Besides the sea elephant the sea leop ard often visits the island, as do several species of seal. The leopard is hunted for its oil, but is less valuable than the elephant, being a much more active animal, and therefore less heavily loaded with blubber. The king penguin is said to be its favorite food, which speaks well for tho sea leopard's activity in water, the penguin swimming rapidly enough, of course, to catch the fish upon which it feeds. The leopard ii described as pursuing and overtaking the penguin under water, rising to the surface and tossing it into the air, so as to catch it more securely, crosswise, in its jaws. It is also said that many species of whale and porpoises abound in the neighboring seas. In tho early days of whaling in tho Indian Ocean, the Deso lation Islands are said to have literally swarmed with whales, for which the numerous inlets and bays of the archi pelago furnished secure and sheltered breeding places. Even now this region is one of the best whale-fishing grounds of tho AuUrctic Seas. N. Y. Observer. The World's Great Bells. Russia is in the lead in the line of bells, some of her manufacture being the most famous of the world. It is said that in Moscow alono before the freat fire, there were no fewer thou ,70(5 largo bells. One called the giant, which was cast in the sixteenth cen tury, and broken by falling from its support, and recast in 1654, was so large that it required twenty-four men to ring it; its weight was estimated at 288,000 pounds. It was suspended from an im mense beam at tho foot of a bell tower, but it again fell during the fire of June 19, 1707, and was a second time broken to fragments, which were used with different material in 1732 iu casting the King of Bblls, still to bo seen at Mos cow. Some falling timber in the fire of 1737 broke a piece from its side, which has never been replaced. The bell is estimated to weigh 443,732 pounds; it is 19 feet 3 inches high, and measures round the margin CO feet 9 inches. Its valuo iu meUu alone is esti mated to amount to upward of $400, 000. St Ivan's also in Moscow, is' 40 feet 9 inches in circumference, 16 feet thick, and weighs 127,830 pounds. The bolls of China rank next to those of Russia in size. In Pckin there are seven bells, each of which, according to Father Le 'Compt, weighs 120,000 pounds. Tho weight of the leading great bells of the world may bo seen in the following: Kin of Bells-Moscow tt. Ivan's Moscow luT.KW Pckin 120.000 Vienna 40,M Olmuti-Rohomla 40,000 Huimmi France 40.01M St, Paul's 4S.4T0 "HI- lion" Westminster ao.HV) Montreal S,m St. Petor's-Rome. ls.tHW Boston Herald. 4 i A Miserable Man. "Watch that trunk," said the driver of a stage-coach to a negro passenger, "and if it falls off, tell mo." "All right sah." The coach had gone quite a little dis tance, when tho driver, looking back, asked: "Is the trunk all right?" "Doan' know, sah. It fell off." "What!" "Fell off 'bout three miles back yan der." "Why in thunder didn't you tell me?" "Didn't 'low dot ver wuz in er hurry." "I told you to tell me if it fell!" "Wall, ain't I dun tole ycr? Ter didn't say ter tell yer when it fell. 'Clar' ter" goodness de common white folks is er gettin' so cuis dat er 'tclligcnt pusson kain' hardly un'erstan' ;ra. Oa, I'll get off ef yer say so," proceed ing to climb down. "Ilab er fine time cr fiuitin' dat trunk, er haw, haw. For gets de time dot yer 'fused ter lcn' me er quarter. Jsowyers got dat trunk ter pay fur, Law. haw. Say, genner man," addressing a passenger, "wush ver'd ban' down my baggage. Dat ain't de one. De udder one is it No tain't I don't belcbe. Fore de Lawd, dot wuz my trunk whut fell off! Did anybody cber see sich er caperP Er hones' man ain't got no show. Dribe on yer miserable trapsbun, an1 let dis miserable man die in de shade." Ar kansaw Traveler. EELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL. Since 1878 the lay schools of Franco have gained 600,000 students, whllo tho religious schools have lost 200,000. It is better to preach a large Gospel In a small church than to preach a small Gospel iu a lurge church. The Good Way. Nothing expands the mind like an active participation in somo form of work. Education and idleness are In compatible. Prof. Swing. Not a week in the year goes by that somo Christian missionary does not sail from some American port on the Atlan tic or Pacilio sea-board bound for some heathen land. Men and women, mar ried and single, are pushing out almost daily with no other errand than to spread the Gospel of Jesus Christ Never before havo Christian missions shown such abundant promise. 7. diampolis Journal. Cne of our New York exchanges calls attention to a matter that seems to invite a remedy. We mean the failure of the churches generally to givo no tice, by a s'gn upon their outer walls, of their denominational connection and hours of service. We hove occasional ly seen such a sign, and thought it an excellent idea. But the rule is to dis play only one or more undertakers' signs on the church front N. Y. Exam iner. A now method of popular instruc tion is said to be growing in favor in Germany. . "Pyramids of Instruction" ore being erected in various towns and cities in that country, which show upon their faces the elevation of the place above the seo level, tho difference be tween local time and that of Vienna, Paris, London, New York, etc., and much statistical information. On each pyramid aro placed a clock, a barome ter and a thermometer. It Is a custom of the day, in speak ing of the education of girls, to incorpo rate Into tho' subject the leading idea that everything remains to bo done. The truth is that each mother, in super intending tho growth of the child, sup plies, so mr as she can, tho things de sirable of which sho herself was de prived in her youth. If the mother lackod practical training,' tho daughter gets it or vice versa. Theory is of value, but the mothers are at work on this subject all tho time. Current. The New York Observer says that for the last thirty-four years the Biblo societies of England and America have printed over 10,000 copies for each business day. And at an outlay of about $60,000,000, over 145.0o0.000 copies of the Scriptures have been pub lished by these two societies since their formation in 1804 and 1816, the dates of their respective organizations. If, as has been estimated, the numerous Biblo societies and private publishers have is sued as many more copies, the number of copies of the Scriptures printed would about equal a copy for every family now living on the globe. Home .Nursing. Apart from the helpless tediousness of a long illness, which alone may af fect the patient's temper and cause varying degrees of irritability, there is, with somo diseases, an accompanying frotfulucss or moodiness most difiicult to manage. ' So marked may this be come that occasionally, the patient seems to have changed his character, and the most amiabio aud unselfish in' health may become tho most impatient and exacting in illness. Tho trained nurse, accustomed to watch the effects of disease, will understand and make allowance for such perversion; but in privato nursing tho patient's friends often suffer acutely from manifestations of ill temper, for which thoy could only account on moral grounds. There is such a thing as spoiling a patient even though be be past tho age we generally associate with the word "spoil." Illness often brings back somo of tho wayward peevishness of childhood, and you get such things to contend with as positive refusal to take food or medicine, or to comply wth some order of the doctor's. As re gards the question of how far to give in to a patient's whims and fancies, there is no better general rule than th s: oppose his wishes only on ques tions of right and wrong; and, when opposition becomes a necessity, use special efforts so to keep our solf-con-trol as to avoid ell expression of anger o.' impatience. How far you succeed in steering your patient through such troubled waters .viil depend greatly upon what measure you possess of that valuablo gift sympathy; in other words, tho power of putting yourself In another's place, seeing from his point of view, and iceling with him In his difficulties. A hard, cold, or even a merely narrow nature can not bo trained into a really good nurse; and, indeed, as a broad rule, lack of health and lack of sym pathy aro tho only two absolutely in surmountable obstacles in tho way of thoso who desire to bo holpful iu tho sick-room. For observe that tho qualities of self control, cheerfulness and pntience, though much easier to somo thaa to others, are within the reach of all who earnestly strive to possess them; and, moreover, each and all are capablo of being developed and cultivated to an almost unlimited extent Sympathy, on lho other hand, though capable of de velopment by its fortunate possessor, is one of those natural gifts which no amount of training can impart, and which is no moio within the reach of all than is that good health without which attempts at nursing can not but end in failure. Given these two special gifts of health and sympathy, and you have the "born nurse," needing, in deed, much patient can and training, but ono who may confidently count up on success. Various other qualities and habits, such as humility, gentleness, tit.nness, order and accuracy, are useful in nurs ing. There are also various gilts, as g od hearing and s'ght cleverne. of lingers, and natural quickness of ap prehension and of movement which, though very desirable, are not absolute ly indispensable, and on these it is not necessary to dwell Those who have them may rejoice; and thoso who havo not need not be disheartened, as they can very well be dispensed with, pro v.ded there is thorough, conscientious effort made to acquire those more nec essary things which are to be Lad for Uie trying. Harper's Weekly.