"V Tx' 71 H M'JLU Jill EST1DLISHED FOR THE DISSEHIMTION OF IEIOCMTIC PRINCIPLES, AID TO EARN A HONEST LlTINO BT THE SWEAT OF OUR BBOW. IIOLE NO. 654 BUGENE CITY, OR, SATURDAY, MAY 15, 1880. $2.50 per year IN ADVANCE r GENE -jTT'W fie .' 5uarl i. u astru- t. B, CiMfBKIJ. CAMPBELL BROS., ftMis.irs tai friprl.ttr.. mrt ICK-I the bidding formerly ocnpied , i W. Cleaver, M a store, comer Wu- astt , ac":" ""- U OSLT gftJTJC OF ADVKKTI81NO. . . ., i. L.i.,luUlifi: ft., nun, 10 lias r less, iisertipa 3; J, 'IBCUMt iesertiea $L Cash required m l.vtrtliM willbcharg.d at thef.l r.";K,.. months 8. 00 u. - -;r;- 8 no "J Trenieit notices in local column, 20 oento per lis. Ir 8SCB ljcrw"- . Advertising bill, will be tenured quarterly, work mast be paid ro on i-rxrvKRY. roSTOFFICE. ..a'.ur.-Fr.- 7 . . M 1 Bu.l7. V.U arrive."..? soalh ea loaves going aorta . ImrM froo the Berth eaJ leave. giig I . m. For Siuwlaw. rraoklm aad Long V " : . ur.l.4a. irur Crawford.- l'tt, eld." ' jii. .t I . m. twrTwill be ready for delivery h.lf b after 'Vn fX if trains. Letu.r..hoaU be left .t the oac. c k. A. SI PiTTERSOy. r. It SOCICTIE. . 1 s A U Ccoinc Loo" no ii, . ,wtt tmt ni third WeUesiuys ! erli u.un TIttt-t Tannic V. ft I. 0. Bravu - - i54i. fcu. r. " r . E.iinT Vo A. 'WU1 BeeUM tie M We4edy i ewh month, Euoen Lwi, No- IS. A. -Ueeu t Masonic Hall the first and third i n T in ech month. F. W. Okbdrm. M. W. u'- - - ... DR. L. M. DAVIS ENTIS 5 Ewjent City, Oregon. KOOMS OVER GRANGE STORE, first deer te the ri-ht, up nUirs. Formerly 4 ( C. W. Fitch. Kitr.M Oxide Gas for ninlert exticti el tMtk. A. IK FATTERSOX, flTSICIAN AND SURGEON, Nlatli Mret, rUe te tt. ChirlM Iletel, aacl at Relea, iGJOKNK CITY OKIWON. Dr J. O. Shields OTFKRS HI3 PROFESSION AJj 1SER ieei te the dtUe ef Eugene City tad iireiinr country. Sf evUX tteotw pven Ukll OBSTETRIC A Tj CASES nd UTEK IXI DISEASES eutristi'd to Lib cte. OSc t the St. Chrlee Ilotol. DX. JOSEPH ?. GILL CAN BE FOUND AT HIS OFFICE or res idtnes when net yrofeeaionally engaed. OBot at the POST OFFICE DRUG STORE, leeilenc Eighth street, opposite Preshy aaa Church. JBWELRY ESTABLISMENT. J. S. LUCKEY, j&p DEALEH IN Clicks, Watches, Chains, Jewelry, tc. Hepairing rrmptly Eaecttci. OaTAIIWork WarrBte.jfa J.S LDCEKT, Illsworth k Co.'s brick, Willametts street. leal Estate Agsnt Collection Agent, an J Hatary Public. XUGhWE CITY, : O REG OX. J. B. ALEXANDER, Justice of the Peace, Conveyan cer and Caliectcr. Bills collected, Record searched and ab tracts of title made. All huiuew promptly attended te. OfP-e at the Court House. p RCEB1E-I shall keep on a rail of GROCERIES & PROVISIONS Aid inriU the tentinn of housekfreperp. T. U. HE.MKlWifc LOIBER! LUIflBER! I HAVE ESTABLISHED A LUMBER YARD On the corner of Eleventh and WillametU streets, and keeps constantly on hand lumber of all kinds. Seasoned flooring and mrtic, fenc ing and fence posts F. B. DUNN. FARM FOR HALE. A WELL IMPROVED FARM OF three iV. hundred aud sixty aces, M0 acrea nnder eulti ration; all nnder fenca and the improve ments in good order, which ,w wi'l sell at a bargain, and on the most Veasonable terms. Ritnated fin miles sooth of town, and ha a J . i .i : ol . a oca. Apply ms D RES3 GOODS fiKW STYLES and low price. Just received by S. H. FRIENDLY. A 0 A BEU1T -rrAGOX-I am th aoU i agest tor this xlebmteH warnn. C HZNDXICKS. T AND SHOE STORE, i-HUNT, Proprietor. , Shtp Willimette street, 2nd doer north f hardwire store, Eugene City, Or. I will hereafter keep t complete stock of JLAIr, ti lb hi AC si' -ANI- CHILDREN'S SHOES U altars, Cloth ui Kid, Clltasrs, white nad Uoi, SaaUala, Froa hklsUhftCB. MENS cfc BOYS f;si ako ikatt BOOTS L SHOES And in fact everything in the BOOT and SitUh, line, to which X intend to devote enpedal attention. . Ml GOODS ct. nanufactured to order, ARE FIRST CLASS NC ritlw I v L n o 1 guaranteed u rrprraented, and will be i lor the lowest priced that a good article he afforded. ajr27-78tf A. MI'MT. And told an CRAIN BROS. DEALERS Watches Bid Jctflry, Musical Instruments, Toys, Nations, etc Watclifs, Clocks, and Jewelry reioired and wan-antd. Northwest corn-r of Willamette and Eighth streets. If you wiah to luy your goods cheap, you aiuit 2 to the store of COTWOK GROVE. They keep a of the largest stocks ef Genera! Merchandise Outai'le of Portland, aad they sell goods cheap er thau it can be bought anywhere in the Wil lamette valler. NEW IDIAK w:m mm mm OF DOUGLAS COUHTY, OGN. Ieorpul, Jnn, 1878. Capital Htock, 100,IO, OFFICERS: Piiehidknt A. L. Todd. Pecrstart An roliusTodd. Dibbctors-J. P. Gill, J. T. Jacksoa, T. S. KmUibaugh, A. L. Tla and A Tcidi Prinoii! office for sole of stock at J. P. Gill k Son s drug store, Fontofiice building, Eugen BEN RUSH, THE- 3 ACKSSyilTH, still at the old sbtnd and is prepared U i kinds of general - jobbing, hone-shoeing, re irin;, etc Having secured tli. services nexiMrieDced hand I will make the repairing of ARM MACHINERY a speciality. BEXEUSH. PHOTOGRAPHS. Albert Jackson, Artist, Takes Photographs, Gems, Carls, Cabinet and Life-Site, style and finish equal to any work done in the State. Prices reanonable. GALLERY Willamette street, Kngeae City, Oregon, over Mrs. Jackson's Millinery Store. dec l.r:fim F. M. WILSONS, Successor to SnEiiojt 4 Wihiks. Pracical Bnigis!s & Chemists. UNDERWOOD'S BUILDING. Kextdoor to the Grange Rtere, Wilhusetts street, Eugeas City Oregon. Have just, opened a full line of fresh Drugs, Rediclass & Chemicals. Ah a fin assortment of Fancy and Toilci Articles. ALL USD! Of Mixed Paints, Lead, Oil, Varnish, Brushes, WINDOW GLASS and PUTTY Which they wi'.l always sell on reasonable terms. Cireful itltBlisi ivu to Phrifi"'i rr icription. General IVolice. MR. GEORGE HUMPHREY H AVISO . placed his busine- m the hands i ofth. f i vti nd eettlement. mmw LURCH BROS.. all persona owing tim who hav not mvl ar raneement for extension of time, are herehy notified to make payment or other satisfactory arrangement witWt dalaj. , R C HUMFHSIY KUQKNK CITY 3L3USIlfESS 3DIRECT0RY. ALEXANDER, J. B. Justice of th Peaca South Eugene Preciuct; odica at Court House. A3TOR HOUSE-Chaa. Baker, prop. Tha ealy first-claxa hotel in the city Willamette street, on uoor north ol tut post omoe. ABRAM3, W. IL k BRO. -Planing mill, sash, door, blind and moulding manufactory, Eighth street, east o( mill race. JLverythim ia our line fnrnithed en short notice am reasoaabl terms. BOO STOKE On doer south of the Astor House. A full stock of assorted box papers plain and fancy. BOYD k MILLER Meat Market-beef, veal, mutton, pork and lard Wihauittt street, between Lightb and Ninth. CRAIN BROS. -Dealer in Jewelry, Watch es. (Hocks and Musical Instruments Wil lamette street, between Seventh and Eighth. CALLISOK. R. G. -Dealer in groceries, pre visions, country produce, canned good, books. stationery, etc, southwest corner Willamette and 9th Sts. DORRIS, GEO. B.-Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Omo on Willamette street, Eu gene City. DORRIS, B. F. Dealer in Stoves and Tin ware Willamette street, between Seventh and Eighth. DURANT, WM.-Mcat Market beef, pork, veal and mutton constantly on hand Ninth street, between Pearl and High. ELLSWORTH CO.-DrugijiBta and dealers in paints, oils, etc. Willamette street, be tween Eighth and Ninth, FRIENDLY. S. H. -Dealer in dry goods, clothing aia general merchandwe Willam ette street, between Eighth and Ninth. GUARD OFFICE-N'ewpaper, book and job printing oftioe, corner r ulamette anuaevemu streets. GRANGE STORE -Dealers in general mer- chandi.-ie and produce, corner Liglith and Willamette streets. GILL, J. P. -Physician, Surgeon and Drug gist, Postoflice, v inamette s reel, oeiween Seventh and Eightli, HAYS. ROBT. Wines, Liquors, and Ci- f;ars of the best quality kept constantly on land. The beiit billiard table in town. HENDRICKS, T. G.-Dealei in general mer- chandiae northwest corner n lllamette and Ninth itreets. HODES, C Keeps on hand fine wmen, liqi uors, cigars and a pool ana miiiara unie Willamette street, between Eighth aad Kiath. HORN, CHAS. M. Gunsmith. Rifles aid shot-guns, breech and muzzle lot dors, lor sai. Repairing don in th neatest styl and war ranted. Shop on 9th street KINSEY, J. D. -Sash, blinds and door fac tory, window and door frames, mouldings, etc, glaziig aid glaes cutting done to order. LYNCH, A -Groceries, previsiens, fruit, veg- etatiles, etc, Willamette street, nrat aoor south of I'ostoffico. LUCKEY, J. S. Watchmaker and Jeweler; keeps a tin stock ot goods in nis line, rt inaia ette street, in Ellsworth's drug store. McCLAREIT, JAMES Choice, wines, liquors, and ciirare Willamette street, between tigllth and Ninth. MELLER, M. Brewery Lager beer en tap and by th keg or barrel, corner ot xsiitli and Olive streets. OSBURN k CO. Dealers in drugs, medicines. chemicals, oils, paints, etc Willamette St., opposite S. Charles Hotel. PATTERSON, A. S.-A fin stock ef plain and fancy visiting cards. PERKINS, H. C. -County Surveyor and Civil Engineer. ICeodence on t itlh ' reel.' TRESTON, WM.-Dealer in naddlerv, Har ness, Carnage trimmings, etc. Vt Ulamette street, betweei Stvecth and Eighth. TOST OFFICE A new stock of standard school books just received at th post office. RUSH, BEN. Hoiwdhoeing and general job bing blacksmith, Eighth street, between Wil lamette and Oliv. REAM, J. R. Undertaker and building con tractor, corner W ulamette and seventh streets. ROSENBLATT k CO.-Dry goods, clothing, groceries and general mcrchandme, southwest corner Willamette and Eighth streets. ST. CHARLES HOTEL Mrs. A. Ren frew, Proprietress. The best Hotel in the city. Corner Willamette and Ninth street. SHIELDS, .1. C Physician aid Surge! north side Ninth street, hrst dr cant ol M. Charles Hotel STEVENS, MARK Dealer la tobacco ci gars, nut, candies, shot, powder, notions, etc Willamette street. SCHOOL SLTPLIES-A large and varied assortment of slates of all sires, and quantities of slates and slate-books. Three doors north of th express office. THOMP30N k BEAN-Attomeys at Law- Willamett street, Mtween aeveath ana Eighth. WALTON, J. J. Attoraey at-Uw. Orice- W lllamette street, between beveatb anl Eighth. WITTER, J. T. Buckskin dressing. The hiithent pne paid for deer skins, Lightb st, at Bridge. UNDERWOOD, J. B. General brokers business and agent for th i:nnnct!ctit ja snrance Company of Hartford Willamette street, between Seventh and Eighth. ELLSWORTH CO., DRUGGIST, TTT1LL CONTINUE THE BUSINESS in V all its branches at th old stand, effcrinr increased inducements to customers, eld and new. As heretofore, the most Careful attention given to Prescripions. NKW tge MEAT MARKET On th west side of Willamtt Street, between Eighth and Ninth. Having Jnst opened a lew and aeat Meat Hrket, w are preparea i lumun am ue , Br, Tl, Vr !.. Teeur customers, at the lowest market rate. The custoM f the public i$ respect fully tohcited. Meat delivered to any Prtefl th e cit y fr eb MILLER htcCOEACX- Ntidcd Reforms. F.cgesi City, May 6th. 188a Editor Guard: In last week's is sue we suggested some thoughts how to stop tome of the big leaks in our county taxes. The fact in evident to every fair mind, that tho clerks and sheriffs are paid too much according to the la bor done, and the only remedy is to es tablish salaries, pay them according to the labor done like any business man, and require them to collect all foes ia civil cases, recording deeds, mortgages, dec., and pay tho same into the county treasury. This will save thousands of dollars every year to almost every county in the State. It would not only saves thousands of dollars each year to the taxpayers, but it would ef fectually prevent this great struggle in tho different counties in both political parties for the nomination of clerk or sheriff, and would take away the great inducement for corruption to secure these fat offices. The objection is urged by some that if the clerks and sheriffs were given salaries instead of foes they would not perform the labor required of them, but would become lazy, negligent and allow important matters to go undone. That matter could easily bo remedied; the law could be made so that .any carelessness or negligenco on the part of tho officer, would work a forf.ture of his office. That would always spur him up to do his duty. But there are plenty of men who would do their duty, just the same as they do now, Let every representa tive vote for a law tliat will stop these big leaks in our county taxes and men can be easily found to fill tho offi ces who will faithfully perform all tho duties imposed. Another important matter directly connected with the people needs legis lation, and that is the assessment of property and collection of taxes. The present law in many instances is un equitable and unjust; besides the ma chinery of law, so to speak, is not what it ought to lie. At present an assessor is elected in each county at each cleo tion, and ho is required to make an assessment of all tho property in his' county. To do that it requires from six to seven months, and ho is neces sarily compelled to travel from four to six thousand miles to perform the la bor. Any one roust seo that ho cannot perform the labor required but imper fectly. It is almost impossible for him to liecomo perfectly acquainted in every part of the county, bo that he can make a fair and equal assessment'of the prop erty, especially in tho country. His work is so vast to be done in a limited time it must of necessity, be crude, im perfect and unequal. And then the valuation of all the property in tho county is left to the judgment of one man, who is unacquainted with the ac tual value of very much of the prop erty, and cannot bo acquainted with the circumstances of each man as ho should. There is another serious ob jection to our present system of assess ing property, and that is this: by the sjuteKHments made now. some counties do not pay their fair proportion of the state taxes. The county assessors are instructed when they commence the as sessment by the county court of some counties to put tho land down low, aud the Court will add a few more mills for county purposes, and thereby the State will be wronged out of thousands of dollars, and the county that ha been assessed as it should will pay more than it fair proportion of State taxes. For instance, the assessor in Marion county is instructed to assess the good wheat land in that county for $10 and $15 per acre, when the land is actually worth $30 and $40 per acre, and the assessor of Lane county being unin structed assesses the same kind of land in this county at $20 and $25 per acre; by tliat measure Lane county is made to pay very nearly double it propor tion of the state tftxes. And there is no power to prevent it This is unequal, unfair and ought to be amended by all mean. There is another evil or leak in the collection of taxes. After the assess ment roll is turned over to the sheriff for collecting he ha until April 1st, when he is required to return a delinquent list, and then long a he is so pleased to let them go uncollected, I and some timet he ia pleased to let them go for a year, especially when an election is at hand, and he ia a candi date. Now tho Sheriff cannot be all over these large counties and watch every man and hence a great many transient or loose men, and soiuo who should .pay tax slip out of the county and do no not pay a ceut of taxes. Tho counties lco hundreds and thousands of dollars this way; and not only lose tho amount of taxes, but they are compelled to pay the State taxes on these delinquent who slip away in various ways without paying a cent. This is a big leak and ought to be stopped. And how shall these evils bo reme died? We answer by amending the law on assessment, collection of taxes, and instead of haviig one man to mako the assessment, and one man to col lect the taxes, let tho county court of each county appoint a good, competent man in each voting precinct in tho county to assess all the property in tho precinct; and also appoint a good and competent man in each precinct to collect the tax in the precinct Let the law bo made so tliat the precinct assessors aro required to moct annually on the first Monday in March, to equal ize the valuation of all personal prop erty, cattlo, horses, sheep, k&, and ro ceive from the county clerk blanks for making the assessment rolls; when equal ized the precint assessor to make and return to tho county clerk the asess rucnt of their precinct by tho first Mon day in June, and require the clerk to make a copy of tho same and return tho assessment rolls to the precinct col lector by the first Monday ,in Septem ber. The precinct colloctor before re ceiving the assessment roll should be required to give a good and sufficient bond, to be approved by the county judge, to pay the taxes over to the county treasurer promptly, as collected. The law should roquire the precinct collector to collect and pay over all the taxes collectable by the first Mon day in November, r.nd at the same time return his delinquent list The county court at its session in Novem ber should be authorized to issuo a war rant to tho precinct collectors requiring them to oollect all delinquent taxes in their precinct by law and sale of prop erty, and make a full return of the same by tho first Monday in January. The taxes by this plan can all be col lected and paid into the county treas ury by the first Monday in January, at a less expense than they are now, and the counties would save hundreds and thousands of dollars in delinquent tax es that are lost now. A precinct asses sor would lie a better judge of the value of the land in his precinct than a county assessor, and would know more men's business than the county assess or and hence be better qualified to make tho assessment Tho precinct collector would watch every man in his precinct and none would escape paying taxes. But Mr. Editor, this art'e'o is get ting too long, and I must beg your in dulgenco in the next week's issue to fin ish this important subject, and touch up another equally important to the people, " 1 Dondrcd Ytnri I Democrat. N. Y. Post. Aaron McKenny, who died recently in Maine at tho ago of one hundred and two years, was a most remarkable example of vigorous health and conser vatism. He was able to take care of himself to the very last Up to a few weeks before his death he shaved himself and chopped his own wood. He knocked down a man who had suggest ed the appointing of a guardian for him, which brought on his first lawsuit wherein he acted as his own counsel, earnestly defending himself. He hod never been out of the town of Saco save on one occasion, when he followed a horse-thief into New Hampshire and caught him. He had never been on a railroad train, and had never sent or received a telegraphic despatch. He had never tasted liquor, except at some patriotic celebration like the 4th of July, which he always obwrved, and he had never taken medicine until he had passed one hundred years. Al though ft life-long Democrat, he had never Ix-en a candidate for any office, and once, when appointed by the Gov ernor a justice of the peaco, had pro em ptorily refused to serve. NTATK NEWS. ' Polk county will be canvassed by tht) greenback candidates for the legislature. A steam engine for work on Tilla mook rock, is being fitted for use at Astoria. Freight on the upper WillametU, from Independence to Portland haft dropped to 1 50 per ton. In Josephine county the miners art all busy and expect to do weiL Th crops look well and promise an excel lent yield. Josephine county correspondence: A majority of the people seem to favor an nexation to Jackson county, w hictt ia being agitated. Albany Democrat: Wheat look splendid in every part of the county, and the average farmer now ha hi countenance wreathed in smiles over his flattering' prospects for a big crop. A. J. Donaldson was assaulted with a cleaver by a Chinaman at Astoria ft few days ago without provocation, and would have been killed had he not teen tho coming stroke in time to ward it off. As it was his hand was severely' cut Among the men lost on the bar thit week were Richard Jones, Cha. Har vey, one called Gus and two unknown. Ono or two fisherman that have beea reported drowned, came in. A great many boats . took refuge in Chinook: river from the storm. In response to the proposition of th O. R. R. Co. to extend it road from Dallas to King's valley if a subsidy of $10,000 l given, tho peoplo of that lc cality held a meeting on Wednesday last and raised one-third of the required amount It is thought that the entire sum can bo raised. Mr. Reid, president of the O. R B Co. proposed to the peoplo of Browns villo, a few days ago, to have the loco motive whistling in their streets by th 15th duy of Octolier, for the sum of $10,000, He also stated that Browns, villo would be the terminus until next spring, and probably for a year. This created a great deal of enthusiasm among the people, of Brownsville, and a committee, going to work immediately got all subscribed but 1 1,000 id ono day. Independence Riverside: W arc glnd to lie able to state that the peo plo of Independence and vicinity have now mode up the sum of $10,000 for tho benefit of Tolk county in the event that the county Beat be removed to In dependence, Nine thousand dollars of this money is now ready in cash and will be deposited with Ladd & Tiltoa beforo our next issue; and a deed to ft tract of land within the limits of our town, consisting of eight lots and worth $1000 to $1500, will be secured to tho county for tho location of publio buil dings. Tbi Grant rarty la Mexico. City of Mexico Cor. N. Y. Sun. The Mexican Government has exert-1 ed in a hundred other ways to amuse) and honor Grant and to show their re spect for the American people. Un fortunately Gen. Grant is not endowed with pleasant manners, or with that sauviter in modo which goes so far to pleoso people and to make the recipient of so many honors appear thankful It secmB impossible for either the General or the members of his suite to refrain from making insulting remarks and hurting the feelings of people who are doing their best to entertain them. Aa instanco of this reckless disregard of . the feelings of others occurred at the little review which was given in the ex-President' honor. Several Mexi cans, who were riding on horseback, approached the General's carriage, prob ably from motives of curiosity to see the "conqueror of Richmond." Young Grant, without a reasonable cause, ex claimed loud enough to be heard by several by-standers, "If those people were in the States we would soon nave them in the guard house." Half aa hour later this speech was repeated ia every club and cafe in tho city, and a may be imagined, with most uncompli mentary strictures. Gen. Sheridan committed ft similar stupidity upon the night of the arrival. The Committee who had charge of the reception had placed ft telegraphic in. strument in the smoking room of the house prepared for Gen Grant, so that he could telegraph privately whenever ho wished The members of the Com mittee were anxious to send a message to New York or Chicago signed by Grant and merely announcing his safe arrival. "Sheridan," said Grant, "they want mo to sign a telegram; what shall I dol- "Oh, tell them to go to h 1!" wa the reply. One of the Committee, whe stood beside Grant when this speech was made, spoke English as well ft Grant or Sheridan. D. S. Baker and other capitalist hav sent agent into Spokan to buy great1 trarte of land.