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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 19, 1878)
ESTABLISHED FOR THE DISSEMINATION OP DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES, AND TO EARN AN IIONEST LIVI VO BY THE SWEAT OF OUR BROW
WHOLE NO. 533. EUGENE CITY, OR., SATURDAY, JANUARY 19, 1878. $2.50 per year IN ADVANCE,
Skf (liujw City (guard.
m. E. ALEX AN DEB, W. a AUXASDKR.
Publishers and Proprietors
OFFICE In Underwood's Brick BuUdinfi
over Crain s Jewelry Store.
KATE9 OF ADVERTISING.
tdvertieeraente inserted u follow. :
)n square, 10 lines or leu, one insertion 3; each
nbjsqusat insertion 1 1. Cain required in advance
Tims tfvertiaerswMU charged at the following
One square three months ,B J"
.. its month J
" one year.vrj.ii; hot
Traniient notice. In local eolumn, M cents per line
or each Insertion.
' Advertising bill, will be rendered quarterly.
All iob wo' mart be f aid ion n psltvsm.
fflm Hour. -From I a. m. to T p. m. Sunday.
. -1. - .ml mim mint
10 a. m. AmvM irom mo uwvu "', : - a
rath at tIJ p. m. For Siuislaw. Franklin and Long
T ,ra. clow at .. on Wednesday. For Crawford.-
Utter, will Ijereadyfordellverv haljan hour after
a rival ol train.. neMeraanotuu uo
- v. i a V .nrl A "M.
UeeU first and third W1ndyi In each
u... U.w Hirrrv lAlMl NO. If A.. Vf.
.tVWL. rw.i'w.- - - -
TV-jS nT..-rt... VtiriUfWfWT Ko. 6
meets en the Hand tth Wednwday. in each month
Te afl who are suffering from the error and
fafiecrelMis of ysMtk, nerroas weakness, tc, I
will send a recipe that will cure yon, FREE
OF CHARGE. This great remedy was dis
covered by missionary in South America.
Send a self-addressed letter to the RaV. Joseph
T. ISMAH, Station D, Bible Home, New York.
DR. F. WELSH
-,i n v TTntT.ruul Rrick. Eutrene
City, and reepectfully solicits a thare of the
publie patronage. Refers by permission to J.
JL Cardwell, Portland.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
tMHee Sflnth Street, opposite the St.
Charlea Hotel, and at Residence,
KlI&KNK CITY OREGON.
Dr J. C. Shields
OFFERS HIS PROFKSSIOXAL SKR
vices to the citizens of Eugene City and
enrrounding country. Special Mtentioo gijen
te all OBSTETRICAL CASES and UTER
INE DISEASES entrusted to hie care.
Office at the St Charlea HoteL
DR. JOSEPH P. GILL
CAN SE FOUND AT HIS OFFICE or res
idence when not professionally engaged.
Office at the
POST OFFICE DRUG STORE.
Residence on Eighth street, opposite Presby
Chas. M. Horn,
PRACTICAL G UNSMITH.
.DEALER IN GUNS, RIFLES,
r A mntoli Poncirinff HntlA in
r wu iubswkmo. ---o
the neatest style and Warranted.
Sewing Machines, Safes, Locks,
Guns loaned and ammunition furnished.
AVM. Purchasing Agent,
B. SAN FRANCISCO,
J. S. LUCKEY,
Clocks, Watcties, Chains, Jewelry, etc.
Repairing Promptly Executed.
Cr All Wark Warraate4.J
Ellswerth k CVi brick, WiOamette Street
Bok and Stationery Store.
POST OFFICE BUILDING, EUGENE
City. I hare on hand and am conttantly
reeeiring aa assortment of the Beet School and
Miscellaneous BteVa. SUOonery, Blank Books,
Portfolios, Cards, Wallets, Blank., Portmon-
, etc., etc A. a. jtaa i&ivja.
LIFE OF TRADE!
STILL DO WORK CHEAP EB tbaa say ather
V shop ia town.
HORSES SHOO FOR $150,
Wkh new material, all round. Resetting old riioes
All warraatesl ta gle aatlslaetlasi. '
Shop on Eighth it, opposi Ham
phrsy'i Stable. "
DR. JORK HERRBOLD,
trUICil 1 IECI1MC11 BESTI8T,
fAS REMOVED TO ROSEBURG, Ore-
Lgoa, where he respectfully offers his ser
. fa, tt jtiuU nf that nlaee and TicUUtT
fa all the branches of bit profession.
I WILL OFFER FOR RALE TO THE
hitffceot bidder, oa the 20th day of January,
1878, VA No. , and the west half of lot No. 7,
in block Nn. 2, af Packard's addition to Eugene
City, Lane county, Oresna, (being former reni
deaceof D. K Grar.) Terms A
6. M. COOPER, Trustee.
" The king of all publication iutl for tht
young on tilherna of tin Atlantic. faoutb
amtoo (England) Observer.
Ths third Yolurae of thi. incomparable Mainline
li now completed, witn it 800 royal octavo patm,
and fix hundred illuatration., its apl.ndid hal.,
It. .horter .tone., poem., ant .KeU'he., etc, etc.
iu beautiful binding oi red and void, it la the moat
aplendid irift book for boy. and girl, erer Uaued from
tut praaa, rnce, 4 ; la lull gilt, t J.
ST. NICHOLAS FOR 1877.
Which open, with November, 1876, bwin. a short
and r.ry entertaining aerial from the French, "The
Kingdom of the Greedy," A atory adapted to the
Thankagiring mwi, Another serial of absorbing
interest to noya,
"HIS OWN MASTER,"
BY I. T. TBOWBnlDOI,
author of the "Jack Hawrd Stories," in the Chrl.t-
ma. Holiday Number, ueaiae. serial .tone.,
Chrutma. .toriM,lively ketrho.,poem. and picture.
of Oriental aporta, with drawing, by Hi.meHe artist.,
lor toe noiiuara, ana aonie aatonuinns Illustration.
I tit. UHIUB1J1AD Vr
ST. NICHOLAS, auperbly Uluatrated, contain a
very interesting paper.
" THE BOYS OF MY CHILDHOOD,"
Sy WILLIAM CDLLKM BHKANT.
Do not Fail to Buy St. Nicholas for the
Christmas Holidays. Price, 25 Cents.
Durina? the rear there will be interesting mner. for
boy., by Willam CuPen Bryant, John t. Whittier,
Thomas HuKhe.. William Howitt, Dr. Holland,
Oeonre MacDonald, Sanford li. Hunt, Frank II.
Stockton, and other.
1 here will he .tones, .ketrhe. and poem, or special
intemt to lirls, by Harriet Prewott Hpofford, rju-
art Phelps, Louisa Aleott, Lucretia P. Hale, Cell.
1 baiter, Mary Mape. Uodge, ana many other..
There will be also
TWELVE SKY PICTURES,"
iit psor. raocTOB, :
the Astromer, with map., showini "The Star, of
bach Month," will be likely to surpass in interest
ny aenes In popular science recently given to the
. v i. . miv, .... n ir iDfUA.
will be minified aa heretofore, and St. Nicholas will
vttw a vn viinr Tn ...,t nrp Avn wtcniixr
continue to delight the young and give pleasure to
GOOD NEWS FOB BOYS AND GIRLS.
To meet the demand for a cheaper St. Nicholas
Gift-Book, the price of veil.. I and II ha been re
duced to IS each. The three volumes, in an elerant
library case, are told for 110 (in full gilt, 15), so
that all may give their children a complete aet.
TheM volume, contain moreattractive material than
fifty dollar.' worth of ordinary children', book..
Huhacnptioo price. 13 a rear, llie three bound vol
umes and a aubwrintion for thia yearonlv til. Sub
scribe with the nearest newadealer, or send money in
check, or P. O. Money order, or in regi.tered letter,
to ScBianEB Co., 743 Broadway, N. Y.
Has taken possession of ths
Luckc Livery Stable,
And will carry on a
GENERAL LIVERY BUSINESS.
Horses fed and boarded by the week or day.
HORSES AND BUGGIES FOR HIRE.
ST. CHARLES HOTEL,
EUGENE CITY, OREGON.
MRS. A. RENFREW, : Prop
Having again taken possession of the old and
ST. CHARLES HOTEL.
Which has been newly furnished and refitted,
is now open foe the reception of guests.
I have fifteen rooms in the
FIRE PROOF BRICK BUILDING
making 60 rooms in all It is the most commo
dious and best appointed house in the State
south of Salem.
FREE COACH TO THE HOUSE
B. H. JAMES,
TL AND SHEET JIM WARE,
Eng-me City, Oregon.
Keeps constantly on hand a complete assort
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware, Stoves,
Ranges, Pumps, etc.
Repairing done promptly and in ths best
Permanently Cnred-no hombuj-by
one) month's n.aae of Dr, Goulard'.
Celebrated Infallible Fit Powders. To
convince aulferer. that these powdere will do all we
claim for them, we will aend them by mail, poat
paid, a free Trial box. As Dr. Oouland ia
the only physician that has ever madeth'a diaease
a special study, and aa to our knowledge thousands
have been permanently cured by the use of
thew Powders, we will guarantee a per
manent cure in every caw, or reiuua you an
money expended. All .ufferer. should give
the. Powder, an early trial, and be convinced of
their curative power.
Price, for large box, IJ 00, or 4 boxes for 1 10 00,
sent by mail to any part of United State, or Canada
oa receipt of price, or by ex pres., CO. D. Address,
ASH at KORItlX ,
160 Fulton Btsezt, Baoosars, N. Y.
BOYD & RENSHAW, Proprietors.
KEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND,
Dried lfeata of all kinds. Tard, Tallow,te. Will
II Ueafi a ehaaka from I to i eenta.
If yon wish to buy yonr goods cheap, yon must
go to the store of
They keep one of the largest stocks of
Outside of Portland, and they sell goods cheap
er than it can bs bought anywhere ia the Wil
The firm of Lurch Bros, consists of Aaron
Lurch and Ben Lurch.
A BELLI. HACO-I am ths sols
i agent for "Ja aJibrated wat-on.
T. G. HENDRICKS.
SATED BT LIGHTNING.
My name is Hunt. Yes, sir ;
Anthony Hunt. I am a settler and
drover on this Western prairie.
Wilds? Yes, sir; it's little else than
wiias now. oui vou snouia nave seen
a a a a a
it whon I and my wife first moved up
i nert was not, a nouso wiiuib
sio-ht for miles. Even now we have
not many neighbors ; but those we
have are downright good ones.
appreciate your neighbors as you
ought, sir, you must live in these
lonely places, so far removed from the
haunts of man. What I am about to
tell happened ten years ago, I was
going to the distant town, or settle
ment, to sell some fifty head of
cattle fine creatures, sir, as ever you
sa w. The journey was a more rare
event with me then than it is now; and
my wife had alwavs plenty of com
missions to cbarre mo with in the
shapo of dry goods and groceries and
such like things.
Uur youngest child was a sweet
little gentle thing, who had been
named alter her aunt, Dorothy. We
called the child Dolly. This timo
my commission included one for her
a doll. She had never had a real
doll; that is, a bought doll; only the
rag bundles her mother made for her.
For some days before my departure
the child could talk of nothing else
or we either, lor the matter of that
for she was a great pet, the darling
of us all. It was to be a big, bier doll,
with golden hair and blue eyes, I
shall never forget tho child's words the
morning I was starting, m 6he ran
after me to the gate, or the pretty
picture she made. There, ar., .canal
hair tailing in curls about her neck,
and the light breeze stirring them.
" A brave doll," I answered," for
mv little one almost as big as Doll v.
Nobody would believe, I dare say,
how lull my thoughts were of that
promised doll, as 1 rode along, or
what a nice one 1 meant to buy. It
was not often I spent money in what
my good thrifty wife would have
called waste; but Dolly was Dolly,
and I meant to do it now.
Tho cattle sold, I went about my
purchases, and soon had no end of
parcels to be packed in tne saddle
bags. Tea, sugar, rice, candles
bu ; I need not warry you, sir, witii
telling of them together with the
calico for shirts and night-gowns,
and the delaine for the children's
new frocks. Last of all I went about
the doll and found a beauty. It
was not as big as Dolly, or half as
big; but it had flaxen curls and sky
blue eyes; and by dint of pulling a
wire you could open ana shut the
eyes at will.
" Do it up carefully, l said to the
store-keeper. " My little . daughter
would cry sadly it any barm came to
The day was pretty well ended
before all my work was done; and
just for a moment or tw I hesitated
whether l should not stay in me
town and start for home in the morn-
in . it wouiu nave ueen tne pruueo;
). But I thought of poor
Dolly's anxiety to get her treasure,
and of my own happiness in watching
the rapture io the delighted eyes.
So with my parcels packed in tho best
way they could be, i mounted my
horse and started.
It was as good and steady a horse
as you evir rode, sir, but night be
gan to set in before I was a mile
awav from the town; it seen.ed as if it
were going to be an ugly night, too.
Again the thought struck me
should I turn back and wait till
morning? I had the price of the
cattle, you see, sir, in my breast pock
et; and robberies, aye, and murders
also, were not quite unknown things
on the prairie. Hut I had my brace
of sure pistols with me, and decided
to press onward.
The night came on as dark as pitch.
and part ot the way my road would
be pitch dark besides. Iut on that
score I had no lear ; I knew the road
well, every inch of it, though I could
not ride so fat as I rhould have done
in the light I was about six miles
from home, I suppose, and I knew the
time must be close upon midnight,
when the storm bich had been brew-
. i mi -i 1 1
in" brone. ine inunuer roareu,
the rain fell in torrents; the best I
could do was to press onward in it.
All at once, as I rode on, a cry star
tled me; a faint, wailing sound, like
the cry of a child. Reining up, I sat
still and listened. Had I been mit
taken ? No. there it was again. Dut
in what direction I could not tell. I
couldn't see a thing. It was, as I
have said, as dark ai pilch. Getting
off my horse, I felt about, but could
find nothing. And while I was aeek
lng the cry came again the faint
moan of a child in pain Then I be-
gan to wonder. I am not sunersli-
tious, but I asked mysolf how it was
I posiblo that a child could be out on
the prairie at such an hour and in
such a night. No; a real child it
' could uot be.
T a .a . I
upon inai came anomer inoiic it
one less welcome: Was it a trap to
umutr iue on by way anu ensnire
inie? There misrht be midnight rob
bets who would easily hear of my al
i most certain ride borne that night
and of the money I should have about
I don't think, sir, I am more timid
than othef people ; not as much so,
perhaps, as some ; but I conlefs tht
idea made me uneasy. My best plan
was to ride on as fust as I could, and
get out of the mystery into safe quar
ters. Just here " was about the dark
est bit ot road in the whole route.
Mounting my horse, I was about to
urge him on, when tho civ came
agnin. It did sound like a child's;
tho plaintive wail of a child nearly
"God gi.ide mo !" I said, undecided
what to do. And as I sat another
moment listeuing, I onco moro heard
tho cry, fainter and moro taint. I
threw mysulf off my horse with an
Be it ghost or bo it robber, An
.1 II . ! . .
mony mint is not oue to auunuou a
child to die without trying to sayo
But how was I to savo it? how
find it? The more I soarched about
the less could my hands light on any
thing, save the sloppy earth. Tho
voice had quite ceased now, so I had
no guide from that. While I stood
trying to peer into the darkness, all
Hy ears alert, a flood of sheet light-
ngs suddenly illuminated the plaio.
t a little distance, just beyond a
nd of ridge or gentle hill, I caught
glimpse of something white. It was
Lrk again i,i a moment, but I made
y way with unerring instinct. Sure
nough, there lay a poor little child.
Whether boy or girl I could not tell.
Jt seemed to bo three parts insensible
now, as I took it up, dripping with
wet, from the sloppy earth.
"Mv poor little thing !" I said as I
hushed it to me. "We'll go and find
mammy. You aro all safe now."
And, in answer, the child just put
out its feeble hand, moaned onoe and
nestled close to me.
With tho child hushed to my breast
I rodo on. Its perfect silence soon
showed mo that it slept. And, sir,
I thank God that ho had let me save
it, and I thought how grateful some
poor mother wpuld be 1 But I was
full of wonder for all that, wonder.ng
what extraordinary futo'ha l taken any
young child to that solitary spot.
Getting in sight of homo I saw all
the windows alight. Deborah had
dene it for me, I thought, to guide
me home in safety through tho dark
ness. But presently I knew that
something must bo the matter for the
very few neighbors wo had wero col
lected there. I thought of somo ca
lamity to one or the other of the chil
dren. I had saved a like one from
perishing, but what might not have
happened to my own?
Hardly daring to lift the latch,
while my poor tired horse stood still
and mute outside. I went slowly in,
the child in my arms covered with
the flap of my long coat. My wife
was weeping bitterly.
"What s nmissr' I asked in a faint
voice. And it seemed that a whole
chorus ot voices answered me.
Dolly lost ! Just for a moment my
heart turned sick. Then, some in
stinct, like a ray of light and hopo,
seized upon me. Pulling the coat off
the face of the child I held, I lifted
the little sleeping; thing to the light,
and saw Do'ly.
Yes, sir. The child I had saved
was no other than "my own my little
Dolly. And I knew that God's good
angels had guided me to save her,
and that the first flash of the summer
lightning bad shonp just at tho right
roomcnt to show me where she lay.
It was her while sun-bonnet that had
caught my eye. My darling it was,
and none other, that I had picked up
on the drenched road.
Dolly, anxious for her doll, had
wandered out unseen to meet me in
the afternoon. For some hours she
was not missed. It chanced that my
two elder girls had gone over to our
nearest neighbor's, and my wife, miss
ing the child just afterwards, took it
for granted she was witli them. The
little one bad come on and on, until
night and the storm overtook her,
when she fell down frightened and
exhausted. I thanked Heaven aloud
before them all, sir; as I said that
none but God and bis holy angels had
zaided me to her. It's not much of
a story to listen to, sir; I am aware
of that. But I often think of it in
the long nights, lying awake ; and I
ask myself how I could bear to live
on bow, had I run away from the
poor little cry in the road, bardly
louder than a squirrel's ehrrp, and
left my child to die.
Yes. sir, you are right; that's Dolly
out yonder with her mother, picking
fruit: tlm liuU trim lirvkl - . !
rjink with int .sm .nn nhit.
sun-nonnet on her head that the wore
that night ten years ago. She is a
girl that was worth saving, sir, though
i say it; ana wort knnws that as Inns
mv l ft. !. t .t,.n k.. ..1
that I'camo on home that night in-
stead of stavinz in the town
We' learn from the Detroit Free
Press ihnt Ilerr von Blum, a resident
of that city, who had "a good looking
eighteen-year-old daughter of his
own," is childless at present ; and that
his grief has poured itself out in
elegiao verse :
" Put leedle gal whose name vhas Mary
Huali pruke our hearts and left us sad ;
She ruiult away mit a ruim named llerry
Mine fnui she gries, uud I am wad.".
Marv became acquainted with Ber
ry while taking care of her lather's
cow. ihe grass in Detroit is poor
and the parent has said to her daily :
" (Jo drife dot cow a mile or more,
Unt.il vou find sn.it irrans !
Und watch her slinrp der whole day long,
inn night snail come to pass."
Lite a dutiful dairglrtcf. she did so;
but w hile she was watching the cows,
Herrv kept making rovo to her. At
last his wooing won her. she ot
course referred him (o "papa:"
" I tells you now shunt ftow it vhasr
You see dot fellow, Berry,
He like dot guV like dunder, und
He vhanted her to marry.
" He comes amiimlfc und spheaks Jo' me,
Und snys ! 'Old Afeertur lllum,-
I likes to be your son-in-law-Yes,
sir, I should, by gum I'
" Veil. I vhas mad, for doan't you see,
He (Wxn't own a cent ;
Und tpieek aboudt his pees-i-nesa
loafer he didt went"
Only tho "pees-inesa" was not
what the old gentleman supposed it
to be. Berry went and proposed
elopement to Mary. Meanwhile
A ary's father, for the sake of making
tl ings sure, tried to frighten Mary off
fi om her lover:
" I took dot &al nilt tier cooper shop,
Uud I told her shunt lik so ;
Kef you doan't lot dot man alona
into dvr grafe you go 1"
" Und Mary winked her eye, shunt so,
Und Miiilt he vims a fiHil
Dot she w;m only slioking him,
Shunt like lie vlias one mule.
" Den I feels potter, and I saldt :
To-morrow you shall go
Down to some store on Gratiot street
For a dress of calico."
But Mary did not
dresa. She went in a
o tor a new
" She took dot cow away next day,
Shunt like she always d'd,
Unil she also found der secret blacs
Vhere my spare cash was hid.
" Some forty tollar bill she took,
Und while dot cow was feeding,
Dot Berry man und our Dutch gal
To some blace elee were shpeeding.
" Der cow iih lox our Mary's gone,
Und so's my forty tolW,
Und when I tiuks of a'l dose tings
I cannot help but holler. ,
" Mine f.-au, she weeps the whole day long,
Und in my crojier shop
I ait t'lHj.i dis sliaving-hor
Und canuot Urike a pop.
" If she'll come back I sluill fordve,
Und take dot Berry in,
Und dor cjoier pee ne- it shall grow
like diinder-bliten blin."
It is a sad story. But if Mary
comes back and is forgiven and sees
her husband taken into the coopor
business, how glad will te her fath
er's song of rejoicing and bow glad
ly shall we print it, in honor of the
Muao ot Michigan I
The Opium Habit.
From the Detroit Post and Tribune.
Hill a Henderson, age oo years,
died on Sunday morning" at the resi
dence of Dr. Stone, corner of Wood
ward avenuo and Williams street,
fr m the effects of an over dose of
laudanum. The unfotunate lady was
a daughter of John B. Hamilton, a
former proprietor of the Howard
House in this city. Several years
ago olio acquired a love for morphine,
which, as years passed by, developed
into a mania for the insidious drug.
Finally the longing for thd stimulant
became so great that she obtain it at
all hazards. Her taste was not limit
ed to morphia alone, but she became
addicted to the use of large quanti
ties ot opium, laudanum and whisky.
The recent death of ber aged father
seemed to drive her farther and far
ther on her downward course. Her
friends, convinced that she was do
longer capable of taking care of her
children, took them from her. About
six week ago Mrs. Dr. Stone kindly
took the unfortunate woman under
her charge, in the hope of winning her
from the habile which were fast
hurrying her to the grave, and lifting
her once more to ber proper sphere,
liy education and Intellect she wu
entitled to a place among the most
exalted of her sex; yet the morphia
mania, the bane of her existence had
drsgred tier down to tire verge ot
The effort to bring ber Lack to
new life was a failure The thirst for
morphine seemed to be entirely be
yond her control; and deprived of it
sLe could neither eat nor sleep,
For hours she would pacer the floor
of her room, summoning all the ener
gies ot her soul to aid her in throt
tling the demon1 appetite which was'
stifling her, even as though some
monster serpent had coiled its slim ,
folds about her and was crushing ber
Tho horrors of delirium tremens
sunk into insignficance when com'
pared with the sufferings that woman4
endured while trying to rid herself of
"Givo me morphine; give me some
thing that I may quench this terrible
thirst, or let mo die," she cried in des
pair! The heart of stone would melt
ut such suffering, and an angel could
but weep for one so unfortunate.
Morphine she must have or die
With such an alternative, a smalf
quantity of laudanum was given her.
tatal draught! No sooner bad she
taken tho first cup and drained it to
the very dregs, ere the demon had
takon possession of her, and was bear
ing her onward toward the dark riv
er. Tho first drink of the poison4
developed all the cunning of the"
opium-eater. Armed with all grace
which a beautiful and accomplished
woman always carries with her,
uoeeedod in obtaining enough of
baleful drug to satisfy the demands
of her importunate appetite. For
three successive weeks she has been
in a long sleep. In the seclusion of
her own room, she has actually pois
oned herself to death, although untir
the very moment of her death con
suious, and alive to what was passing!
Advocates of inconvertible paper
currency may perhaps derive somo
satisfaction and encouragement from1
tho fact that from the reign of Henry
I. down to the period ot the establish
ment of the Bank of England the
legal tender money of England was
fabricated out of wood. This instru-
mcnt was called an exchange tally,-'
nnd by virtue of it the holder was
entitled to receive .from tho Crown
the value inscribed thereon. It really
consisted of one-half of a four-sided!
rod or staff, on which,' when in its
entire state, tho sum it purported tc
represent wa camd in transverse,
notches, varying in width hi thou
sands, hundreds, scores', pounds, shill
ings and pences. 1 heso signs wore
for tho unlearned; for the advantage
of those who could read, the sum was1
written in ink on two opposite sides
of tho staff, and, finally, with a knife .
and mallet the naff itsolf was split in
two, longitudinally. One-half, called
ihe tally or check, was given, to the
person for whoso service it was in
tended; the other half, called tho
counter tally, was laid op in safe
keeping until its corresponding tally
should be brought in by the person
who had last given value for it. Its
intrinsio value was, of course, only
that of the wood of which it was com
posed, but by representation it de-
noted large soma. It was n current
token of rest money, and served ac
tually to distribute it from man to
man by exchange. From this primi
tive tally was derived tho Exchequer
bill, first introduced in 160C, by Mr,
Montague, then Chancellor of the
Exchequer. The word "bill," too,
was no doubt obtained from the Norman-French
word, bille, wbioh mean
a staff. Bank post bills and bills ol
exchange in our own day came from
the wooden base, and soldiers are
said at this hour to be "biltited," be
cause formerly they tendered wooden
"billies" or tallies to the victuallers
upon whom they were quartered. In
olden times officers ot the army were
taken into the ling's own pay? were
said to be put on tho staff, if they
were paid with kxcbeqner tallies, or
wooden money. British Trade Jour-'
Lost His Pearl. Tn the station
house yard a reporter yesterday ob
served a member of the police force
contemplating a number ot chickens
in a manner indicating mat ne unu
encountered a puzzle which his de
tective abilities could scarcely solve.
Naturally enoush he was questioned
as to why this was thus, and answered,
"Did yon everjhear of chickens eating
pearls?" The reporter thought it over
for a while, and confessed that he was
in doubt, though be thought he bad
heard something about pearls and
swine, and probably that was what
the officer referred to. The latter,
however, hastily interrupted that be
bad read Sbakespear himself, and
knew all about the pig anecdote, but
bis present trouble was that the pearl
setting bad dropped from bis collar
button and one of the chickens swal
lowed it. "It's ou of tlwrne five, I
think guess it's that rooster ; Yd
find out very quick if llrey w-re not
detained here as wilncs-is-s. Do you
detect anything queer about that
rooster ?" Record Union.