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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 19, 1876)
ESTABLISHED FOB THE DISSEMINATION OF DEMOCRATIC PRIXCIPLES, AND TO EARN AN II (NEST LIVING BT THE SWEAT OP OH BROW
EUGENE CITY, OREGON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 187C.
8& (Sugw tity (Suari
OnxTMr. ik iDTn, (31 "I month., m
2 J!uutiiiued at end of term anleM renew-
HATES OF ADVERTISING.
ta. tquare, 10 line, or lew, one inaertlon IS; each
ubJequent lnrtlon 1. Caah reulrrf in advance
Time adrertuera will be charged at the following
te,t in no
x month. "
m one year "
'two aquare. three month.
ix month. " j?
ii one yer ,
At, NittM three month.
:::::::::: .5 S
w one year
ii one year..
Half oolumn three montlu.
ii one year
One eolnmn three montli...
u iix montli.....
one year -
Traiulent notice, in local column, JO cent, per line
far each interuon.
jLdtertWng bill, will be rendered quarterly.
M )0b wor mq.tbefAiD roo
... SO 00
... J5 00
.. 40 00
.. 60 00
.. 60 00
.. 74 00
Offl Hour. -From T m. to J p.m. Sunday.
ISriji fromu'ie aouth and leave. ffoinK north
?rrire. fromtl-north and loaro. go.ng
sue hour before """"pATTERSOy, P. M.
u.r,.-r Or nam H. O. Davenport, pastor. Ber-
O. Fairchild.Pa.tor. Service.
at 10:80 a. m. and 7:30 p. ra. .
Cnatrr.AM-0. M. Whitney, Pa.tor. Service, by
V mnA A M.
,,vdneadaya in each
t . v. a i. O.
VTf- u iiui..vi i Tuesday evening.
aOCMye v... II.
neeU on the 2d and 4th Wo.lne.day. in each month.
. , GEO. ,B. DORMS,
ATTORNEY AND C0DNSEL10R AT LAW,
Office on, Willamette atreet, Eugene City
fi. A. MILLER.
DENTAL BOOMS la uuaa o
Rurane City. Or.,
PMfHsei DENTISTRY AMI WUb MJKhw
.iOR. JOiwV UElillBOLD,
. . .... vwM nnvufOH
SURGICAL AND MUIAMAIj Duanai,
Underwood. Crick Buildinc Up Stairs,
KeBpectruiiy one ma ci
5S2"the citizen, of this place and vtcm-
! itv, In all the branches of his pro-
twinn, . ,
Ihe Utert ImpioemenU In
ieaoted In a aatiafactory manner.
BTOCK 18 CASH, and All Work Mut be Paid
or on ueuvery.
Tn V WEL8II has opened Dental Booms
JJ p'erirantly in Underwood', building. Eygene
City .and wpeotfully aoliciU a ihare of the pub
Beference by permission
Dr. J. R. Cardwell,
A. W. PATTERSON,
PHYSICIAN AND "SURGEON,
Office on Ninth Street, oppoalte tbe SI,
Charles Hotel, and at lle.ldenee,
JClTGKXK CITY. OKKOON.
Chas. M. Horn,
PRACTICAL G VXSMITH.
.DEALER IN GUN?. RIFLES,
f and Materials. Beparinng done in
' tbe neatext tv'e and Warranted.
tJewins macninea, oaira,
Guns loaned and ammunition furnished.
Shop on Ninth Street, oppomte btar oiaery.
J. S. LUCKEY,
Clocks, Watches, Chains, Jewelry, etc.
Repairing Promptly Executed.
POST OFFICE BCILDIXO.
WilUTlette & Eighth fit., Eugene City.
a T?TmnT.F5 F.VfiIXE PRESS.
1 ti M inch. Inude of chaw: in fvA running order.
Will be aoU at a baiyain. Addrea. th office.
M and Stationery Store.
POST OFFICE BUILDING, EUGENE Cll f, I
hart on hand and am t oostanlly reeeiTing an
aaaonnrat of the Best School and MiIlaneoas
book.. Stationery. Blank Booki, Portfoli., Card.
WalleU, Blank. Prtmonnaes.ete..etc. All j or
Household Furniture, Etc.
ABOUT TO LEAVE FOHTHEEAFT
I off-T ft mi all m, Hnhoil Farairnre,
tnsiprmnr Ti , Bittinv and M Boom fata,
BEN. F. DORRIS,
Stoves and Ranges,
PLAIN, FANCY JAPANNED .
, Shovels and Tongs,
Fenders & Fire Dogs,
Cauldron cf Wash Kettles.
Hollow, Iron and Copper Ware,
PORCELAIN, TINNED ft BRA88
PRESER YING KETTLES,
Driven Well & Force Pomps,
Load and Iron Pipes,
Hose !Mpes and Hose
IN FACT, Eferythmg belonging to ny bust
nesa. all of which I will aell at the
LOWEST CASH PRICES.
Of all kinds done promptly and In a aatlsfaetiorr
WELLS DRIVEN PROMPTLY
By attention to buslnsm and honorable dealln
hope to merit a share of your patrouage
Ja8 BEN. F DORRIS.
All pet ions knowing themselves in
debted to me will please call and
BETTLE WITHOUT DELAT.
B. F. DORRIS.
IIAYEXEU MARKET !
BECKER & BOYD, Proprietors.
KEEP8 CONSTANTLY ON HAND,
Dried Meat of all kinda. lartl, Tallow, etc. Will
aell Beef in obunk. from t to t eenta.
Brick Store, tor. Willamette i Eighth Sts
A.V. PETERS & CO.,
Are now in receipt of a Tery large .tock of
NEW SPRING GOODS,
Selected with nrorli eare from tbe lsrffwt and beet
importing houw. in Han Jfranciaco.
Our Stock Of
I. nnummtly arg and attractive, and eomprlw. the
very lateat atyle. and noveltiea, and of all grade.
nd pnoea, to as to meet tbe view oi ait.
A Urg usortroent of E-lginp And Inserting, ew
1 I nin-nl,Aj Hfnalitia HtlA T.ltlMS.
A Ul uiOTiiw " ,
Table Linen., Towolinm and Hoaiery; Coraeta,
Handkerchief., Laoe and Linen Collar. In all grade.
WX WILL PAT THE HIGHEST MARKET FEICE
la eaah for any number of pound, of
GOOD MERCHANTABLE WOOL
Of every dewription wanted, for whiefcwe will pay
the uigheat market price.
A. V. PETERS & CO.
Eugene City Brewery.
MATHIAS MELLEIt, Pro'p.
1i now prepared to fill all order, for
OF A SUPERIOR QUALITY.
c nt m for Tonnelf. A rood article needi
B. C. PENNINGTON, - Proprietor.
rrvflia WELL-KNOWN T,ANDI)RH ha. airain
1 Uken chanre of the ASTOR UOUHE, and ha.
re-fitted and re-forni.hed the aame, and will keep it
amind to bo houw in the etate. I on nero not imr
to'irive him a call, for hi tabh will be .upplied with
the beat the country afford. Charge, reaaoaabki
Come one, eome all.
Real Estate For sale.
CEVEN OH EIOHT HCND1EB ACEE3 OF
Farm and Grazing Lands
For Sale on Easy Terms.
Alao, IIOC8E AND LOTS in Eogene.
GEO. II. TIIL'RSTOX.
Carding and Spinning.
TTAVTVfS PURCHASED the Kacbiaery ownH
JI by C. Goodcbild, I am ow prepared to make
all kind, of
YARN, BATTS, &c.t
At the Lowest Living Rates.
EUGEXE CITY. OREGON
Kew York Sun. .
"I was the last man to leave An
dersonvillo jirison. I locked tlie main
pate, end took the key ; this is it."
Suiting the action to the word ho un
rolled from its wrappings of tissue
paper the rustv key that might havo
been doinsr dutv upon the lock of
some freedman's smoke house instead
of lvincr lor ten Tears as a relio.
"You see," said the old man, whom
we will call Mr. Cook (holding his
true namo at tho scrvico of anv one
who may desire to learn it), "I was
on duty up there at Andorsonvillo for
the last eighteen months oi me war,
issuing rations, ana Having mem
cooked for both the prisoners and the
guards. When the Federals began
sending out cavalry raids to cut our
railroads and liberate prisoners, it be
came necessary to select a permanent
post in somo part of tho South least
liable to sudden inroads. In tact, tho
Dahlgren raid, that camo so near get
ting into Richmond, ireeing the Lib
by and Bello Isle prisoners, and burn
ing tho town, determined tho Confed
erate Government to remove tho bulk
of the prisoners at once. Gen. Win
der, being the only officer ot his rank
at Richmond at tho time who could
be spared from active service, was sent
sonth with instructions to select a
snitable place lor a general depot for
prisoners. He was about the worst
man for tho mission, but ho chose An
dersonville. and I think his choice
was good. It was the safest .place
from raids in the South the enemy
never got there until alter the war ;
it was high, dry, and healthy, neither
too cold nor too hot, at a distance
from any largo town, and in a region
abounding with wood, water and
Reporter Which benefitted the
guards, but not tho prisoners ?
" I on are mistaken. Aiost ot the
prisoners had somo money or jewel
ry which they could sell at fabulous
prices ; and you know a few cents in
greenbacks were worth dollars iu Con
federate 120 for $1. Turnips and
sweet potatoes sold for $1 per bushel
in greenbacks, or $20 in our money.
Then a good many of the farmers of
tbe country used to send wagon loads
ot vegetables, etc, to be given to tho
ICeporter now aoout tne "i en r
"Tbe 'Pen' was an enclosure of 27
acres, surrounded by a high stockade
made of pine logB, set in tho ground
as closely as possible, with a narrow
walkway on top for tho sentinels to
overlook tho interior. It was oblong
in shape a parallelogram enclosing
a smalt valley liko an ampitucalre,
with a stream of water ruuning
Reporter And the prisoners had
to drink this sluggish water ?
No that is another of the many
ics. There were two springs inside
the 'pen' ono a bold, strong flow of
good water, which emptied from the
side of the hill into a long trough
iko a horse trough so that fifty men
could drink, or fill their canteens at
one time. It you doubt it go and
examine the place. Tho branch that
ran through tho 'pen' instead of being
a sluggish stream, was often so strong
that it washed away the lower end of
the stockade, and we had to stand
guard around the break for days. The
stream was meant to Do used lor wasn
ing purposes, but when the place fill
ed much faster than was expected, it
began to be used as a sewer, and so
many men trod it into a muck. Then
when a man got sick medicines were
scarce. Ihe Government hnally ot
tered to receivo any medicines or
clothe, and let the Federal surgeons
come with them to attend their sick,
but no notice was taken of the offer
until five months after it was first
Reporter What kind of rations
were issued ?"
"Precisely the same ia quality and
quantity as all the guards and
employees ot the post received ; and
that was a good deal better than Lee's
army were getting. I remember
when the soldiers in v lrgima were
getting one-foarth of a pound'of meat
and a pint of meal per day, we issued
half a pound of meat, a pint ot meal,
peas, nee, etc., to the prisoners. In
fact, there was an act of Congress re
quiring that all prisoners should re
ceive the same fare in quantity and
quality as our soldiers. But the Yan
kees being accustomed to splendid ra
tions of meat, bread, vegetables, cof
fee, sugar, Ac, couldn t believe our
boys were marching and fighting on
such hard fare, but thought they were
Reporter Were not part ot their
rations stolen 7
"How could they be when all the
ceoVi were paroled prisoners ? I had
tbe issuing of the rations myself, an J
1 assure you 1 used to increase the al
lowance all I could giving down
weight, and that sort ct thing for I
really pitied the poor fellows though
there was about as much complaint
among tbe guards as tbe prisoners.
There were a few of Gtu. Winder's
i Baltimore 'Hugs' around the place
for a while, who may have pilfered
small quantities, but not moro than
they could eat. Tho trouble was, the
prisoners, rinding themselves carried
a long distance into tho heart of the
South, soon became despondent,
homesick, utterly careless about them'
selves, wouldn't eat, and would not
turn out of bed to cleanse thcmsolves.
This was always very noticeablo af
ter the failure of our different at
tempts to get an exchange; and when
it became settled that their own Gov
ernment meant to let them die in
prison for the sake of a paltry punc
tilio, or a few darkies who would
had rather be in prison than at the
front, they just died like sheep, some
of them cursing their own and our
Government tit tho samo breath."
Reporter Wero they not housed?"
"Well, wo couldn't get tools and
axes to build houses. All tho wag
ons were running day and night haul
ing rations ; and there weren't axes
enough to cut firewood. Besides, we
were all the time expecting removal,
either by exchanging the prisoners or
taking thera somewhere clso. Once
we started 10,000 of thera to tho coast,
offering to deliver them tbe sick
without any equivalent but their
Government wouldn't tako them
made somo exciiso or other."
Reporter Why not put tho pris
oners to building houses?"
"Wo did that after Grant's cele
brated telegram saying that it was
better to keep their men in prison
than exchango the rebels. We put
300 men in the woods, and when tho
war closed there wero long rows of
comfortable cabins going np or finish
ed. But tho great lack was axes
you know how scarce they wero, Ono
day I got permission and rode over
four counties, but could find only
thirteen axes, which I bought with
my own money, and I carried them
to Andersonville. Let mo tell you
another thing. When I first went
thero tho peas given tho prisoners
wero threshed out on tho ground, no
gro fashion, which left littlo pieces of
shells, wood and Band in tho soup. I
goes to Maj. Wirz foi a fan sitter.
'How can I get one ?' says ho. 'Give
mo an order on tho quartermaster.'
But that officer sent me to tho com
missary. 'I havo nothing to do with
it' said" the commissary. I returned
to Maj. Wirz, who was about to stop
the effort, when I said give mo an or
der for one. He gave mo the order,
and tho first siftor 1 could find was
pressed into Bervic) put to fanning
out tho prisoners' peas. So you see
how hard it was to get anything."
Reporter Did many of tho prison
ers escape ?
."A few of thera got away every
week. Thero were always two or
throe hundred of ot them outsido the
pon on porolo, cooking, working at
tiades, waiting on tho officers, Ac. ;
they could get into tho mountains in
a singlo night, go up through East
Tennessee, and escape. Besides, the
guards, were mostly old men and
boys homo guards, you know, who
wern't very vigilant. Bloodhounds?
That's all bosh. I've read accounts
of how wo kept poks of blood
hounds shut up and ktarvod to mako
'em chaso prisoners. Now, some of
tho officers used to hunt a good deal,
and thera were four common fox
hounds, such as you can see on any
plantation; and alter tho paroled Yan
kees bad poisoned several by giving
them pounded glass, tho rest wero
shut np in an old cbin for their own
safety. But all four of them couldn't
kill a man if they caught him. They
were never of any Bcrviee catching
Reporter Tell mo ot Wirz. Was
"That man will vet be better
tlioucht of than when ho was sacrific
ed to popular fury. I think tho Gov
ernment made a great mistake, to say
the least, in martyrizing him ; tor bis
tnrv will show that he was not so
black as painted. Major Witz was a
course, uncultivated foreigner, and
when half drunk, as he was pretty
often, be would curse and browbeat
the prisoners (and guards too) when
things did not go to suit mm ; but
never did I seo him strike, kick, shoot
or otherwise abuso a prisoner. In
deed, I never heard of any shooting
at pnsoners,except in one or two cases
of deliberate crossing the Mead
Reporter Ah ! that dead line t
That dead line was a wise and
hn.firMaI arrangement. There was
vvu ... - 0
one at Point Lookout and at Fort
Delaware in tho Federal prisons the
object being to restrict the inmates
from approaching within a certain
distance of the guards. At Ander
sonville the dead line consisted of a
line ot short stakes driven in the
eround twentv feet from the stock
ade. Lvery prisoner knew tvhat it
was tor. I. was ncccsaary, lor it me
30,000 to 40,000 prisoners were allow
ed to approach tbe wall thev would
quickly overpower the M) or 100
gnards on duty. Uccasionaliy a man
would grow so bomcsick and weary
of prison life as to walk over the line
and dare the sentinel to kill him.
Such instances occurred in all pris
"I givo my word I never saw any
oi our onioers or nion needlessly
abusive of prisonors. When we first
went thero with our minds full of the
sufferings of our boys iu tho chilly
Northern , prisons, we thought wo
should not care how badly tho Yan.
kees wero treated; but iu a few
weeks wo camo to regard thera as fol
low men, whom wo muRt hold as
Erisonors, but not unmercifully or in
Reporter What sort of man was
"An old granny. It is a mistakoto
accuse him of cruelty of disposition ;
his worst fault was keeping a lot ot
Bnltimorff 'PJngs' constantly about
him in various positions whom be al
lowed to manago almost everything
himself included. Gen. ). 1 1, Hill.
who know Winder in the 'old army,'
says ho was nolod for his kindness,
which wis regarded as amounting to
weakness. He was the last man in
tho world for the place; ho loved his
oaso too well to give porsonal inquiry
in'o abuses; ho was as incompotcut
as a baly in providing for an emer
gency, snd ho left the practical details
to his 'Plugs' and his sons, who em
ployed their time chiefly in drinking
and gambling. Winder, you know,
was post commandant in Richmond
beforo going to Audorsonvillo. At
that time ho was much censured for
letting anybody and everybody pass
through tho lines. It may be ho
divided tho foes with tho 'Plugs,' who
were then acting as detectives, thus
putting himself in their power;' for
certainly thoy had wonderful inlluonco
over him. I think it is in this pnrtio
ulnr President Davis was to blamo ;
his obstinacy in retaining Winder in
command at Andersonville alter ho
must bavo known of his unfitness."
Lcttar From Jell'. Davlaon Audcraon
vlllo. A Washington dispatoh of tho 7th
Jefferson Davis has written a letter
from New Orleans to Judge Lyons of
Richmond, Virginia, in regard to tho
Andersonville prison mattorf in which
be says he has long boon persecuted
by partisans, like Blaino, for political
reasons, though tho rooords show
there is no ground for such persecu
tions. "I'iis attempt to prevent the
reconciliation of the soolions will,"
he says, dcludo few. The published
fuels ot an attempt to suborn Wirtz,
when under seutenco of death by
promising him a pardon, if ho would
criminate mo in regard to tho Ander
sonville prisoners is conclusive as to
tho winli oi tho Government to make
such charges against me, and the fail
ure to do so, shows that nothing
could bo found to sustain it. May
wo not say tho evidence of my in
nocenco is such that tho suborned
witnesses, tfcc, dare not make this
charge. However, Blaine made it tor
tho Presidential nomination. He re
lated what efforts woro made on tho
part of tho Confederates to secure an
exchango of prisoners. He directed
General Lee to interview Gen. Grant
uudor a flag ot trueo to rcpresont tho
suffering ami death of the Federal
prisoners, owing to causes beyond
our control, and to urgo upon him, in
the name ot humanity, the observance
of humanity. These, like other ad
vances, were refused a hearing.
Whoever may forget his efforts in
this direction, ho says, tho prisoners
themselves and the delegates whom
be allowed thorn to send to President
Lincoln to plead for exchange would
not. This calumny, though directed
at him, (Davis) was as an arraignment
of the South, in whoso behalf his
deeds were done. His congratula
tory orders to the army, in which he
commended, their kindness to the
wounded and captives, would show
tho feeling) of the soldiers and offi
cers. He says that though the South
had not adequate supplies for its cap
tured, yet they did the best they
could." It appears from tho reports
of the w ar department, that though
we had 00,000 more Federal prison,
ers than they had Confederate, 0,000
more of the Confederates died in tbe
Northern prisons; and the want and
suffering of men in tho Northern
prisons caused me to ask for permis
sion to send out cotton and buy sup
plies for them; the request was
granted, but only on the condition
that the cotton should bo sent to
New York and the supplies bought
there. General Beale, now ot St.
Louis, was authorized to purchase
and distribute the needful supplies.
Our sympathy rose with the occasion
and responded to its demands, not
waiting for 10 years, then to vaunt
itselt, when it could serve no good
purpose to sufferers. The Southern
people have lorgolten and forgiven
much under tho mellowing influence
of time, and if their invaders have
done less, it is but another example
of the rule that the wrong doer is
less able to forgive than he who has
suffered causeless wrong. Unrelent
ing vindictiveness comes, however,
not from the brave and generous soL
dicrs, but from tho skulkers tbe
Blaincs-t-who display their flag on an
untcnted field. When closoly confin
ed at Fortress Monroe, I was solicit
ed to add my name to thoso ot many
esteemed geutlemen who bad signed'
a petition for my pardon, and an as
surance was given that on my doing
so, tho President would order my lib
eration. Confident of tho justice ot
our causo and tho rectitude of my
own conduot, I declined to sign , the
potition, and remained subject to the
inexcusable privatiors and tortures
which Dr. Craven has but faintly des
cribed, when after two years of closc-
confinement I was admitted to bail.'
As often as required, I appeared for
trial, under tho indictment found
against mo; but in which Mr. Blaino's
fiotions do not appear. The indict--
munt was finally quashed, on no1 ap
plicntiou of mine; nor have lever'
ovadod, or avoided, a trial on any' .
charge. I have no view of tho future
which makes it deMrublo for mo to
bo included in an amnesty bill. .HV
would', as au alstrnot matter, like the"
reppal of all laws inflicting the pen
alty of political disabilities "the dis
crimination mado against our people
is unjust aud impolitic To remove
political disabilities which there was
not legal powor to impose, was not
an act ot so much graoo as to form a
plausible pretext for the reckless dia
tribo of Mr. Blaino. The papers pre
served bv Dr. Stovonson happily
furnishoB full proof of tho causes of
disease and death at Andersonville.
It is to bo honed thoy will soon be
published." Ho alludes to the excite- :
rnent oscasionod by the rcoital of the'
Confederate soldiers, who returned'
in a deplorable condition, as he states,
from Northorn prisons. He was con
surod for not inflicting on tho Feder
al prisoners barbarities similar to'
those inflicted upon Confederates; the '
sufferings wore probably exaggerated 1
by both parties ; but we did not seek-
by roports ot committees with photo
graphic illustrations to influonof the '
passions of pur people. How was it
with our cnomy ; let ono example suf
fice You may remember a publish'
ed roport of tho oommittoe ot the U.
S. Congress, which was sont to Anna---
polls to visit somo exchanged prison-'
ors and which had appended pho-'
tographs of some emaciated subjocts-
which wore offered as samples ot
prisonors roturnod trom south.
When a copy ot that report was re
ceived, I sont it to Col. Ould, com
missionor for tho exchango of prison
ers, and lcarnod as I anticipated, that
tho photographs had boen taken from
men who wore in our hospitals when
they were liberated for exchango, and
whom the hospital surgoou regarded
as convalescent, but too weak to bo v
removed with safety to thcmsolves. .
1 ho anxiety of prisoners to be sont
to their homes had prevailed over tho 1
objections ot tho surgeon. But this
is not all, for I havo roccntly learned
trom a priest, who was then at An
napolis that tho most wretched look
ing of these photographs was taken
from a- man who had novor been a
prisoner, but who had boon left on
the sick list at Annapolis, whon tho
command to which ho was attaohed
had passod that place- on its south
ward march. Whatever may be said'
in extenuation ot sich impostors be
cause of tho exigencies of war, there
can be no such excuse now for the-
attempt of Mr. Blaine, by gross mis
representation and slanderous accusa
tion, to revive tho worst passions of'
tho war, and it is to be hoped that as'
much ns tho event is to bo regretted,,
it will have the good effect of mak'ng'
truthful statements in regard to this
littlo understood subject from men
who would havo preferred to leave
their sorrowful story untold, if th
subject could havo been allowed
peacefully to sink into oblivion.
Mutual respoct is needful for common
interest ; is essential to a friendly '
union, and when slander is promul
gated from from high places, the pub
lic welfare demands that tho truth
should strip falsehood of its power
We are credibly informed thatr.
" Old Flaxbrake" is coming back Itr
Oregon with Ilolladay for tho purpose
ot fixing- things for tho campaign.
Tbey will first attempt to form a coali
tion with tho " Corbett fellows, and'
mako tho Ortgonian the Republican
organ, but failing in that will resusci
tate the Jtittktiu and sail in for war
Williams' return to Oregon must mean
something of that sort. He has no
use for Oregon or for " Oregonians,"
except to further his own schemes or
or ambitions ; and now that ho is out
of a " posish" ho naturally seeks his
lon!rnerlected and constantl v iinorei'
a . J O
supporters and vassals for another-
- ooosi. - inu we iiunn mo peopiO'
of Oregon will give him one one
with the too of their political boot.
One hundred and fifty fonr pounds
is tho average adult human weight,,
and of. this 11C pounds are pare wa ter.