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About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View Entire Issue (May 20, 1898)
CORVALLIS, BENTON COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, MAY 20, 1898.
Happenings Both at Home
A WEEK'S NEWS CONDENSED
Interesting Collection of Items From
Many Places Culled From the Press
Reports of tbe Current Week.
The North German Gazette of Berlin
says it learns the insurgents of the
Philippine islands have secured all the
arms stored at Cavite arsenals.
A Madrid dispatch says it is reported
that a strong military expedition is be
ing organized at Cadiz and that it will
shortly proceed to the Philippine islands
escorted by the Cadiz fleet. .
The war department's plans for an
immediate invasion of Cuba have been
materially change"d by the news of the
presence of the Spanish fleet in West
Indian waters. It will delay the move
ment for a time.
The Spanish fleet sighted off Mar
tinique is said to have consisted of five
large warships and two torpedo-boats.
The American squadron near San
Juan includes Sampson's six strongest
warships, the New York, Iowa, Cin
cinnati, Indiana, Detroit and May
flower. The transport steamer Gussie, which
left Key West with a big expedition for
Cuba Wednesday night, had a lively
engagement with the Spanish at
Cabanas, province of Pinardel Rio, but
succeeded in accomplishing her mission.
The Gussie carried 7,000 rifles and a
large amount of ammunition for the
Cubans. A later report says the Cu
bans failed to meet the Gussie, and
she did not affect a landing.
Chaos reigns at Nuevitas, Cuba.
Every boat in the harbor has been
jammed into the narrow channel to be
sunk at the first sign of attack. Two
thousand soldiers guard the entrance,
12 miles from the city. The Spanish
commander told the starving citizens
to go into the country, as lie could not
feed them. Many soldiers are joining
the insurgents to get food. Conditons
at Puerto Principe are still worse.
A Washington special says: A big
surprise awaits the Spanish admiral if
he sails for Martinique. There he is
apt to find a new squadron, composed of
the Oregon. Marietta, Buffalo, .Nich
theroy, Montgomery, Yale and St.
Louis. An order has been sent to Ad
miral Sampson to effect a junction with
Captain Clark and then remain near
Martinique. Under orders the Oregon
has been making rapid time since she
left Bali i a.
The whereabouts of the Spanish Cape
Verde fleet has at last been definitely
ascertained. Secretary Long has re
ceived advices from Martinique, Wind
ward islands, that it had been sighted
to the westward of that island. Upon
receipt of this information Long imme
diately ordered Commodore Schley, at
Hampton roads, to put to sea with the
flying squadron. It is belioved that the
squadron has been sent in pursuit of
the Spanish fleet.
The end of the severed Manila cable
is said to be on board an American war
The Spanish "official" version of the
bombardment of San Juan is that the
American fleet was gloriously beaten
Germany has intimated to the United
States, it is said in London, that she
expects to have a voice in the disposi
tion of the Philippine islands.
A boarding-house burned in Chicago
and three of the inmates lost their
lives, while four other were injured
A number of narrow escapes are re
A Washington correspondent cays
that Admiral Dewey has had instruc
tions sent him from Washington order
ing the immediate destruction of all
Spanish warships and fortifications at
Spain is overrun with plotters.
Weylerites, Caiiists.and Republicans
are each striving to raise a revolt.
Their latest scheme is to obstruct pro
cedure in parliament, so that the people
will be in an explosive mood when the
next Spanish reverse shall occur.
Four of the men killed on the Wins
low were laid at rest in the city ceme
tery at Key West. They were buried
in the shallow lime rock, side by side
with the graves of the victims of the
Maine. The body of Ensign Bagley
was sent home for interment.
There is a suspicion in Washington
that Frenchmen wore behind the guns
at Cardenas Wednesday. It is said
they shot too well for Spaniards. An
inquiry is probable, and if the suspicion
proves to be well grounded, complica
tions may ensue between the United
States and France over the incident.
A column of 5,000 Spaniards started
for Moron, Cuba, carrying a flag ol
truce. When fired. upon by the insur
gents, tle commander sent word that
he was no longer making war upon the
Cubans, bujwas going to the coast to
fight the Americans. General Lopez
replied: "Spain cannot fight the United
States without fighting us. Their war
is ours." Then he again opened fire.
The Spaniards lost 900 men in four
days' march to the sea.
Minor News Items,
The entire gang of train robbers who
held up the Santa Fee train near Oro
Grand, Cal., has been lodged in jail.
On the Yukon, at a distance of from
.700 to 800 miles from the sea, there are
many points where the river is 20
Col. William Ayers, who died at his
residence in Philadelphia, enjoyed the
distinction of having been the first
union prisoner who was exchanged dur
ing the rebellion.
In New Zealand two persons work
ing together contsitute a factory.
George A. Fowler, president of the
Fowler Packing Company of Kaneae
City, has given Kansas university a gift
A writer declares that 500,000 men
now do work with the aid of machinery
which needed 16,000,000 persons to dc
a few years ago.
Litigation over a hearse at Bar Har
bor, after a year's continuance, was
brought to an end by an agreement be
tween the parties that the hearse be
old and the proceeds devoted to pay
ing the costs and lawyers' fees
A force of telegraphers is to accom
pany the Manila expedition.
Crispi, the Italian statesman, says
England's motives in seeking an alli
ance are purely selfish.
As a result of General Merritt's pro
test that regulars instead of volunteers
were needed for the Philippine expedi
tion, three regiments of troops now at
Tampa will likely be sent to Manila.
The Cubans are joining the Spanish
army. Insurgent sympathizers have
received instructions not to resist
Blanco's conscription order, and
Blanco's army thus is being filled with
Andrew Carnegie, in an interview,
says war is likely to be quickly ended,
and that peace will be in sight within
ten days. Permanent retention of Jjthe
Philippines he does not think advisable
for prudential" rjasons.
The Spanish people have a new object
of wrath. England is execratew upon
all sides and by all classes at Madrid,
and the feeling against Britishers is in
tense. Chamberlain's alliance speech
is the cause of the outburst.
Don Ignacio de la Torre, son-in-law
of President Diaz, of Mexico, is touring
the United States. It is understood
that the objettof the visit is to impress
on the people of the United Stateaj.hat
Mexico is in sympathy with this coun
try during the present war with Spain.
Preparations for the relief expedition
to be sent to the Philippines are being
hurried in both the military and navy
departments, says the Madrid corre
spondent of the New York World. Five
battalions, each 1,200 men, under eight
officers, are assembled at Cadiz, Barce
lona and Valencia, all ready, or will be
ready for embarkation this week.)
A dispatch from Havana is to the
effect that an American war vessel en
gaged in removing torpedoes at Cardenas
was blown up, and that the entire crew
perished. The report is confirmed at
Madrid in a dispatch from Havana
which says a naval boat has been blown
up off Cardenas, resulting in the loss
of 170 lives. The United States fleet
officers off Havana harbor have nit
heard of it.
Evidence that a meeting between the
Spanish Cape Verdes squadron and that
of Sampson or Schley, possibly both, is
imminent is contained in a special dis
patch from Washington, which an
nornces that Spain's fleet in the Carib
bean sea is to be met by a United
States squadron. Preparations are be
ing made to effect a junction of Rear
Admiral Sampson's and the flying
squadrons with all possible dispatch.
The continued presence in Canada of
Senor Polo y Bernabe, late Spanish
minister to this country, and the recent
reports which reach hereof his activity
there in behalf of the Spanish cause,
have given rise to the suggestion in
Washington that it might be a proper
proceeding on the part of this govern
ment to direct the attention of the
British government to the ex-minister's
course, as a violation of the neutrality
Spanish prisoners are being closely
guarded. Officers as well as privates
are kept under survei lance at Fort Mc
Pherson. Astoria celebrated the opening of the
Astoria & Columbia River railroad by
sending an excursion of 16 cars to
More soldiers are needed for service.
There is a strong probability that the
president will soon issue a call for 100,
000 additional volunteers.
The war revenue bill has been called
up in the senate. Allison presented it
and made a statement to the effect that
the bill will produce $150,000,000 an
nually. The New York correspondents im
prisoned in Fort Cabanas in Cuba are
saved. General Blanco has courteously
acceded to an exchange, which will be
made at once.
John Lee, of Birmingham, Ala., shot
three men to show that he was not
afraid of the Spaniards. He became
enraged upon being twitted upon his
alleged lack of courage.
It is said the president has decided
to abandon the peaceful -blockade, and
instead has issued orders to bombard
every fort until Spain's guns are
French officials deny the charge of
violating the neutrality laws. The
minister of marine declares he has heard
nothing of permission having been
given the Spanish fleet to coal at the
island of Martinque.
The Spanish cabinet has resigned in
a body. Sagasta is charged with the
duty of organizing a new one, whose
war policy is to be more vigorous. The
chambers have been asked to suspend
their sessions pending the solution.
The last of Oregon's quota of volun
teers have departed for San Francisco.
They were given an ovation on their
departure from Portland, business
houses having been closed to permit
employes to bid their friends and
brothers good bye.
An official announcement just issued
by the governor of the island of St.
Thomas prohibits the delivery of coal
to the warships of the belligerent pow
ers without previous permission of the
governor, who will determine the
amount each vessel may receive and
who will supervise its delivery.
The United States government has
established censorship of telegrams,
forbidding the transmission of code
messages to or from Havana.
The oldest house in Pennsylvania has
been damaged by fire in Chester. It
was built in 1668 and was long used as
a tavern, and later as a playhouse.
Underground London contains 3,000
miles of sewers, 84,000 miles of tele
graph wires, 4,530 miles of water
mains, 3,200 miles of gas pipes, all
With an apparatus 'called the rajb
phoue a French scientist claims to
have proved that the nerves may live
hours after the death of the fedy.
Col. John S. Mosby, of guerilla
fame, now a resident, of San Francisco,
has wired to Gen. Miles for permission
to raise a battalion or regiment ot
volunteers for special service in tbe
Glass bricks are gradually coming
into use, and it is said that glass will
soon be used for making statues for
public squares, as it resists the corrod
ing effect of the weather much better
than marble or granite.
Eighty Thousand Now
MUSTER IS ALMOST COMPLETE
Rejected Volunteers Will Receive Trans
portation and Food General Merritt
Credited With Making a Remarkable
Washington, May 18. Reports re
jeived by Adjutant-General Corbin up
to 10 o'cock tonight indicate that 80,-
000 volunteers have been mobilized in
the service. Unless something unfor
seen occurs, all of the 125,000 volun
teers will have been mustered into
service, and be in their permanent
camps or en route thereto by the end
of the week.
All day inquiries have been pouring
in from governors of states as to
whether the department would pay the
expense of and allow per diem com
pensation to the men who responded
to the governor's call and were subse
quently rejected by the examining
officers. A decision has been reached
that the government will pay trans
portation and subsistence of all reject
ed recruits, previous to their rejection,
including transportation and subsist
ence from the state camp to their
homes. No per diem will, however,
He allowed, as the men were not in the
United States army. The various
states will have to bear the per diem
Wants Regnlar Troops,
New York, May 18, The Tribune
today says: Major-General Wesley
Merritt may not go to the Philippines
in command of the troops to be sent to
the assistance of Rear-Admiral Dewey.
In an interview last night General
"I may not go to the Philippines at
all. It is proposed to give me 15,000
me;, only 1,000 of them regulars, and
the rest volunteers, and those from the
Northwest, who have had little oppor
tunity for training and discipline. I
h.'ive asked the department for at least
4,000 regular troops, for I believe they
will be required. There will be no op
portunity to train the volunteer forces
before they start or after they get to
Manila. I want enough disciplined
troops so that the whole body will be
as effective as possible."
"Are you going to Washington to see
about thjs matter?"
"No; I am sending an officer. I had
conversation with Dr. Bourns, of At
lanta, who is familiar with the Philip
pines, and came on to see me, and he
and Colonel Hughes will goto Washing
ton together. The only way I could get
more regulai troops would be to take
them from the army now in Florida for
Cuban invasion; but I feel that I do
not want to go on this expedition unless
1 have an entirely adequate force, and
at least five regiments of regular
The department promises to send
men, but history and experience show
that in such expeditions all depends
upon the first force sent. How can the
Charleston start if there are no men
ready? General Otis may be willing to
go on without four or more regiments
of regular troops and take only 1,000
trained men, with 14,000 undisciplined
ones, but I arn not. I do not propose
to go without a force that is suitable
to my rank. I shall stay right here if
I do not go to the Philippnes. I do not
expect anything will be done in the
matter until it is certain what I am to
have for the purpose of the expedition."
Merriain in Charge.
San Francisco, May 18. -Major-General
Merriam, commanding the depart
ments of California and the Columbia,
arrived from Vancouver barraoks this
morning, accompanied by his aid, Lieu
tenant Bennett. He at onoe assumed
charge of all arrangements for dispatch
ing the troops for the Philippine
Seven Lives Lose in a Quebec Blaze.
St. Hyacinthe, Quebec, May 18. A
disastrous fire ocourred here today.
The Materie St. Joseph was burned,
causing the loss of seven lives and the
injury of a number of inmates, of
whom there were 200 in the institu
tion, by jumping from the windows.
There are also five persons unaccount
ed for. The cause of the fire is un
known. The dead are; Two boys
namerl Boucheman, Sisters Alexandrian,
Philippina and DesGagnes; Mrs, Guer.
tin, boarder; Mrs. Denchann, of Fall
River, Mass. The missing are; Maria
Millette, servant; Noflette Meuncie,
servant; Mrs. Berthiaume, boarder;
Sisters Bouvier and Ange.
Heavy Railroad Robbery.
Paris, May 18. A package contain
ing over 500,000 francs in securities
and gold was stolen this morning from
a car of the Paris, Lyons & Mediter
ranean railroad. There is no clew to
Strategy Board's Difficult Problem.
London, May 17. It is considered
in London that tbe Washington board
of strategy has a difficult problem to
solve on account of the mysterious
movements of Cervera's squadron,
every alleged detail of which is now re
garded with the utmost suspicion. It
is recognized that Spain's strategy will
do her no good in the end, but also that
the war will be more prolonged than
was at first expected, and that the in
vasion of Cuba may prove a difficult
Liverpool, May 18. The Norwegian
steamer Klondike, from Antwerp, was
docked here today, with her bows badly
damaged. The captain reports that
Saturday night, off Point Lynas, on
tbe northern coast of Wales, his vessel
was in collision with the British
steamer Benholm, bound for Cardiff.
Tbe captain says the Benholm was so
badly damaged that she soon foundered,
and that 13 members of the crew, in
cluding the master, went down with
her. Nine' of those on board the Ben
hold were rescued and brought to Liver
pool on board thd Klondike.
BY BULLETIN ONLY.
Secretary Long Curtails the Supply of
Washington, May 18. An order was
posted this morning, signed by Secre
tary Long, relative to the publication
of news emanating from the navy de
partment, considerably curtailing the
supply of information that has hereto
fore been rather freely given out. The
secretary's order was directed tc Cap
tain Crowninshield. chief of the navi
gation bureau, and he in turn gave it
out by making an order in his own
name, that no person connected with
his bureau in any capacity should have
any conversation whatever on subjects
in any way pertaining to the navy with
representatives of the press. As an
offset, it was ordered that bulletins of
such acts as have actually occurred and
are proper for publication and are not
connected with existing or projected
movements,' shall be prepared and post
ed on the bulletin boaid.
The sum total of the information
published by the bulletin board today
under this rule was a notice of the in
tention to start the Philippine expedi
tion, and of the permission given to
some foreign neutral vessels to pass the
blockade at Havana.
In explanation of the issuance ot this
order, the naval authorities say that
some leading American newspapers
have been so far lacking in patriotism
as to print plans of campaign and pro
jected movements of naval ships, with
the result that the war board has been
obliged to completely revise its plans,
in the knowledge that the Spanish had
promptly taken notice of the publica
tions, and were prepared to profit by
Dewey Advised That Troops Will Soon
Be en Route,
Washington, May 18. The naval de
partment issued the following bulletin
today, embodying such official informa
tion of the day as the department re
garded proper for publication:
Admiral Dewey was informed that
officers, men and supplies would be
sent out to Manila by the City of
Peking. About 1,200 troops will go,
Mr. Knight, correspondent of the
London Times, having received the
necessary permission from the Spanish
government to land at Havana, if en
tering the port by a neutral vessel,
has been granted permission by the
navy department to take passage by the
German steamer Poiaria, which vessel
is given permission to pass the block
ade. The"flepartment hopes to make
an exchange of prisoners at ap early
The British steamer. Myrtle Dean
lias been granted permission to go to
Cardenas, as was previously granted to
the Norwegian vessel Folsjo,
Tbe Austrian man-of-war, Empress
Maria Teresa, will visit Cuban ports,
LATEST FROM FRANCE,
Not Anxious to Incur Our Ill-Will
Charges England With Mischief.
Paris, May 18. The Journal des
Debarts, in a long Article today, re
flects the anxiety experienced in gov
ernment circles here respecting the
feeling aroused in America on account
of France's open sympathy with Spain.
"The whole affair is a misunder
standing, French opinion at the out
set of the war certainly regarded the
United States in the wrong, and some
of the papers express this opinion in
an aggressive tone. The Americans,
however, should not have taken the
matter tragically, for of all foreigners,
our natural sympathies are for the
United States, and our government
throughout has acted most correctly."
After charging Great Britain with
being at the bottom of the mischief,
and declaring that it is America's busi
ness, if she decides to interfere in dis
tant affairs, the article concludes;
"What concerns us is that America
should not, in taking up the question
of international domain, start with
preconceived ideas against us, and de
nounce the good understanding with
France whioh has been so useful in the
past, and which is still more desirable
in the future. The French nation
was never really hostile to the Ameri
cans, who will realize this when the
present friction has had time to disap
pear." Tempting Fate.
London, May 18. A dispatch to the
Standard from Corunna says; The
presence of the British ohannel squad
ron at Villagarier is likely to lead to
some unpleasantness. The idea of an
Anglo-American alliance has so in
flamed the Spaniards that the postmen
from the fleet when on shore to collect
letters have been booted and stoned.
Threats have been made to stop the
supply of provisions to the fleet. The
British consul protested to the alcalde,
who explained that the popular resent
ment was due to a belief in the exist
ence of an alliance, and to the further
impression that the fleet took wheat
that properly belonged to the poor.
Sherman's Son a Chaplin.
Chicago, May 18. Rev. Thomas Ew
ing Sherman, of the Society of Jesus,
connected with St. Ignacius' church,
has been appointed chaplain of the
Fourth regiment, Missouri National
Guard. Almost all the men of the
regiment are Catholics. Father Sher
man is the son of General W. T. Sher
man. Thousands Killed in a Cyclone.
London, May 18. A dispatch to the
Standard from The Hague says: Ac
cording to a private telegram from In
dia, a terrible cyclone has destroyed a
great part of Bima, a seaport town of
the island of Sumbawa, Malay archi
epelago. The shores of Sumbawa bay
are covered with the bodies of thousands
of victims. The town of Kupang,
island of Timor, escaped the force oi
Japan Will Protest.
London, May 18. A dispatch to the
Daily Telegraph from St. Petersburg
Bays: Japan intends to protest vigor
ously against America seizing the Phil
ippines. She has already sought tbe
assistance of Russia, and conferences
are occurring between Count Muravieff ,
tbe Russian foreign minister, and .the
Japanese ambassador, Baron Hayshi
Tadu. It is believed that France and
Germany will support Japan.
An eminent ocnlits announces that
there is twice as much blindness
among men as among women.
Cut Cienfuegos Cable
Under Heavy Fire.
ONE KILLED, SIX WOUNDED
Finished the Work in Spite of Terrible
Volleys From Shore Spanish Loss
Known to Have Been Heavy Forts
at Harbor Entrance Retluced.
Key West, May 17.. Amid a perfect
affirm of shot from Spanish rifles and
batteries, the American forces cut the
fj'.le at Cienfuegos Wednesday morn
ing. Four determined boat crews, un
der command of Lieutenant Winslow
ir.d Ensign Margruder from the cruiser
Marblehead, and the gunboat Nash
ville, put out from the ships, the coast
having previously been shelled.
The work of the volunteers was per
ilous. The cruiser Marblehead and the
gunboat Nashville and the auxiliary
cruiser Windom drew up 1,000 yards
from shore with their guns manned
ready for desperate duty. One catile
had already been cut, and the work
was in progress on the other when the
Spaniards in rifle pits and a battery on
a point standing out in the bay opened
The warships poured in a thunderous
volley, their guns belching forth mas
sive shells into the swarms of the ene
my. The crews of the boats calmly
proceeded with their desperate work,
notwithstanding the fact that a num
ber had fallen, and finished it, leturn
ing to the ships through a blinding
smoke and a heavy fire.
One man in a Marblehead boat was
killed, and six were seriously wounded,
one of whom, Robert Boltz, is now at
Key West, and is expected to die before
morning, a bullet having passed
through the base of his biain. Harry
Hendrickson, who also may die, was
shot through the abdomen.
More than 1,000 infantrymen on shore
kept up a continuous fire, and the bul
lets from the machine guns struck the
warships 100 times, but did no great
damage. Commander Maynard, of the
Nashville, was slightly wounded by a
rifle bullet, that, before striking him,
passed through the arm of on ensign,
whose name is unknown. Lieutenant
Winslow was shot in the hand, making-three
officers wounded in all.
When the Spanish had been driven
from the rifle pits, many of them took
refuge in the lighthouse fortress, upon
.hfch the flre of the ships haJ been
centered, A 4-inch shell from the
Windom tore the structure to pieces,
killing many and burying others in the
ruins. The Spansih loss is known to
Lave been very heavy, the warships
firing hundreds of shot and shell right
into their midst.
Following is a list of the badly
Herman W. Kuchneizter, private
marine, shot through the jaw, probably
fatal; Harry Hendrickson, seaman,
shot through the liver, probably fatal;
Ernest Suntenic, apprentice, fracture
of right leg; John J. Doran, boats,
wain's mate, gunshot wound in right
buttock; John Davis, gunner's mate,
wound in right leg; William Levery,
apprentice, wound in left leg; Robert
Boltz, seaman on the Nashville, se
The remains of Eagan, who was
killed in the Marblehead boat, were
buried at sea.
The Marblehead and Nashville used
their heaviest guns, as well as their
small rapid-fire guns, and hundreds oi
shots were thrown into the Spanish
troops. On board the ships a number
of men were slightly wounded. One
of the cables bad been cut when the
Spaniards opened fire. The marines in
the boats replied at once, and machine
guns on the fowrard launch sent in a
stream of bullets, while heavy shells
from the warships drove the Spaniards
from their rifle pits on shore.
The cable which was cut at Cien
fuegos extended from that city to San
tiago de Cuba. It does not sever cable
connection with Cuba, as there is an
other line in operation between San
tiago de Cuba and Kingston, Jamaica,
The severed cable is owned by the Cuba
Submarine Company. The one in
operation to Kingston is owned by the
West Indies and Panama Company,
SPANISH LOSS AT MANILA.
Acknowledge That 300 Were Killed
and 600 Wounded.
Madrid, May 17. A Spanish report
from Manila admits that the Spanish
lost 300 killed and GOO wounded when
Dewey annihilated the Spanish fleet.
The dispatch, whioh was to El Liberal,
was dated May 9. It oame by special
steamer to Hong Kong. It says:
"The arsenal has surrendered and
Cavite has been evaouated by our
troops. The Spanish losses were 300
men killed and 600 wounded. Tbe
enemy suffered considerably, including
one officer killed on the Olympia. The
Baltimore was damaged. Our shells
did not burst, and all the enemy's
"Admiral Dewey has had a long con
ference with the foreign consuls. The
Yankees took and burned our mer
chant ships. Corregidor island was
"The consulate assembly is discus
sing the horrible situation created by
hunger and misery. We are isolated
by the blockade and are in fear of an
immediate attack. Since the cable was
out little has happened.
"Tbe blockade continues."
The Flying Squadron.
Charleston, S. C, May 17. Commo
dore Schley's flying squadron passed,
here at 5:30 this afternoon, stopping
just long enough to receive orders that
were awaiting on board the lighthouse
tender Wisteria. , The sqnadron was
under fall headway again in 15 min
utes and soon passed out of sight to the
southward. Nothing could be obtained
from tbe district commander as to the
destination of the squdron, but the im
pression prevails that it is bound for
Key West. Commodore Schley report
ed all well.
ADMIRAL DEWEY WAITS.
Attack on Manila Has Not Tet Been
Cavite, via Hong Kong, May 17.
"I am maintaining a strict blockade.
I have reason to believe that the rebels
are hemming in the city by land, but
they have made no demonstration.
There is a scarcity of provisions in
Manila. It is probable that the Span
ish governor will be obliged to surren
der soon. I can take Manila at any
moment. The climate is hot and
moist. May 12, we captured the gun
boat Callao, attempting to run tbe
blockade. We have plenty of coal.
One British, one French, two German
and one Japanese vessel are here ob
Washington, May 17. The dispatch
es from Hong Kong brought welcome
news today from Admiral Dewey to
the president, and particularly to Sec
retary Long and the naval officers who
are watching the admiral's movements
with so much interest. While no ap
prehension existed as to his security,
nevertheless reassurance of safety is al
ways pleasant. The telegrams in
dicate that Dewey has lost none of the
prestige gained in his memorable fight
of two weeks ago, and that while he re
frains from taking the city of Manila,
he has it practically at his meroy. The
admiral expresses the belief that the
rebels are hemming tbe city in by
land, but the fact that he says explicit
ly that they have made no demonstra
tion seems to disprove thoroughly the
published reports that they had al
ready entered Manila and had begun a
career of bloodshed and rapine.
NO FOOD THERE.
Reconeentrados Nearly All Dead Piti
ful State uf Affairs.
Key West, May 17. The conditions
in Havana, resulting from the block
ade, are being gradually brought out
by information obtained from fishing
smacks and other small vessels cap
tured off the coasf. Affairs at Havana
now appear to be worse than at any
time since the Weyler regime.
The fishermen who at first braved
the blockade for tbe high price which
fish brought in Havana, now run the
risk, not for money, but for food. A
number of these have been captnred by
the vessels of the blockading fleet,
nearly all of them being released after
having been questioned by our officers.
They all nnite in picturing tbe state
of things at Havana as being pitiful in
The press dispatch boat Kate Spencer
has accumulated all the facts obtainable
along the blockading line, tbe last news
being obtained through two captures
made by the gunboat Machias, which
has just returned here for the first time
since the blockade opened, making the
longest single service of any blockading
vessel off Cuba.
The Machias oaught two fishing boats
off Havana just before her return here.
The Americans offered the fishermen
money for part of their catch, as the
fish were needed on board, but the
fishermen demuried at taking money,
preferring to have bread, and adding
that they were desperately hungry.
When questioned as to the preva
lence of yellow fever at Havana, the
fishermen said there was little sickness
at the Cuban capital, but tliey added
there was much starvation. The re
coneentrados, they said, are nearly all
dead, or have been expelled from the
city to He in the suburbs. This agrees
with other reports from Havana and
Matanzas to tbe effect that the Spanish
authorities, on the departure of the
consul, seized all the supplies and ap
plied them to the use of the army.
The Spaniards then drove the reconeen
trados into the desolated sections of the
country, between tiie coast towns and
the insurgent lines, the regions de
scribed by Senator Proctor and others
as being too barren and desolate to sup
The insurgents themselves have been
chary of receiving the reconeentrados,
and hundreds of the latter, who had no
personal friends in the insurgent
camps, have been left to starve be
tween the lines, which they did.
About Havana, the situation is even
worse. Hundreds of reconeentrados
from Los Foses, the big reconcentrado
barracks in Havana, were too weak to
walk out of town and fell in the streets
or died in the suburbs, where flocks of
vultures, "Weyler's chickens," as they
are now termed in Havana, have feasted
on the remains.
In Matanzas, this feature of the situ
ation is equally distressing.
The fishermen who have been brought
here are soon reconciled to capture,
whioh here means food and decent
treatment. They say that if the block
ade continues muoh longer, bread riots
must follow in all the large . towns, as
food is reserved exclusively foi the
army, thus forcing many people to en
list who would not otherwise do so.
Finally, the fishe men gay that cer
tain of the most desperate of the Span
iards threaten to burn Havana or1 blow
the city up in the event of the author
ities deciding to capitulate to tbe
San Francisco, May 17. Edouard
Remenyi, who has held royalty en
ohanted and has enthralled fashionable
audiences all over the world, fell dead
this afternoon at tbe Orpheum theater,
in this city, while playing on his violin.
Engagement at Cardenas.
Madrid, May 17. A dispatch from
Havana says: Three American war
ships have lebombarded Cardenas with
shell, and have destroyed the British
consulate. The Americans attempted
to land men and. ammunition where
the cannonade was the hotest. The.
Spaniards, however, were drawn up on
the shore and replied hotly to the
American fire, inflicting severe losses
to the enemy. Seven Spaniards were
Whereabouts of the Spanish Fleet.
Curacoa, May 17. The Spanish
cruisers Maria Teresa, Vizcaya, Almi
rante Oquendo and Cristobal Colon and
the torpedo-boat destroyers Pluton and
Terror, whioh arrived off the harbor
yesterday morning, are still heie.
Only the Maria Teresa and tbe Vizcaya
were admitted to the port. They have
brought coal, provisions and medicines
and will remain in port. Tbe other
warships are outside waiting.
A nw German churob has been
completed in Jerusalem at a cost ot
Army for Cuba Awaiting
Result of Conflict.
MOBILIZATION OF VOLUNTEERS
Over Twenty-Nine Thousand Men, Com
posing Thirty-Eight Regiments Have
Been Ordered to Assemble at Chick
am auga National Park.
Washington, May 16. Orders were
given General Miles this morning sus
pending for the present the movement
of the invading army upon Cuba. The
suspension was induced by the proxim
ity of the Spanish Cape Verde squad
ron to Cuban waters. It is deemed by
the department to be the part of wis
dom not to risk landing troops on
Cuban soil until a landing can be
effected under the protection of a
stronger fleet than is now available for
The war department today issued or
ders for the assembling of 29,087 vol
unteers at Chickamauga. This em
braces 88 regiments and five batteries.
These troops are divided among the
It is stated at the war department
that the order to the Kew York and
First Massachusetts regiments to pro
ceed to Tampa by water has been coun
termanded. Tbe troops will go to that
place by rail.
Waiting; for the Victory.
Tampa, Fla., May 16. It is thought
that the sighting of the Spanish fleet
will cause the postponement of the sail
ing of the fleet of transports for Cuba.
Now that there is another chance for a
decisive conflict between the fleets,
army movements will wait until that
conflict, whioh it is hoped will result
in the destruction of the enemy, shall
actually take place. Should Admiral
Sampson prove victorious, no doubt is
entertained that orders will be given
for instant embarkation, and the op
portunity the army has been longing
for will be at hand.
Joseph E. Wheeler, the old Con
federate cavalry leader, recently com
missioned major-general of volunteers,
will command the United States cav
alry in the Cuban army of invasion.
Major Qallinger will be inspector-general
Nearly 1,600 troops, regulars and
state militiamen, arrived in Tampa to
day and went into camp.
The Philippine Expedition.
Washington, May 16. It is said at
the war department that General Mer
ritt will command the Philippine expe
dition. Similar orders to proceed to the
Philippines were sent to Major-General
Fj. S. Otis, commanding the de
partment of the Colorado. The orders
to General Otis direct him to report to
General Merritt for duty under his
direction in the Philippine islands.
General Otis will be second in com
mand, and will act as military governor
of the islands in case of the absence or
disability of General Merritt. Orders
were also issued for an army corps of
about 12,000 men for immediate duty
in the ' hilippines. This corps will
be made up of regulars and volunteer
organizations stationed on. the Pacific
coast and in the far Western states.
The Harbor Mined.
San Francisco, May 16. The Bulle
tin says: Almost without the knowl
edge of people around and about San
Francisco, for two weeks past the har
bor and its approaches have been set
with torpedos and mines. The work is
not entirely completed, but is nearly
so. For 14 days, the government tug
boat Unadilla has been placing the sub
marine destroyers. Over 800 torpedos
are said to have been placed in position.
The Unadilla did the work mostly at
night. Her lights were dimmed, and
every precaution taken to prevent spies
from locating the defenses. Last night
the work, so far as the Unadilla is con
cerned, was finished. The harbor is
now not only defended by heavy batter
ies, but by complete fields of torpedos,
tbe locations of which are kept secret.
Five Killed in New York.
New York, May 16. Five live? were
crushed out and several men were ter
ribly injured today by the collapse of
two five-story flat buildings in course
of erection on East One Hundred and
Sixteenth street. The rear and side
walls fell, carrying some 25 or more
bricklayers and laborers with them.
When the work of resoue was stopped
tonight, the list of killed was:
Erio Lidden, 32 years of age, mar
ried. Fred Dickeleke, 58 years of age, a
Albert Kaminiske, 26 years of age, a
Peter Saldowaric, 60 years of age, a
Frederick Hartelman, 16 years of
age. He was taken out alive, but died
in the hospital.
Washington, May 16. Postmaster
General Emory Smith today issued the
"All officers and employes of the
postoffice department are hereby for
bidden to furnish information pertain
ing to or in any way bearing upon the
war to newspapers or persons not con
nected with the war department, or to
any other person, unless authorized to
This order la made for the purpose of
preventing postmasters from giving in
formation in suspicious letters passing
through their offices. Such informa
tion, it is thought, may in some in
stances be incorrect and in others preju
dicial to tbe interests of tbe govern
ment. Advices from Manila by steamer
which left Monday say the insurgents
are uncontrollable. The whole country
is in a state of anarchy, and Admiral
Dewey is powerless to restore order with
his limited force. , He is unwilling to
bombard the city and hopes to starve,
them into submission.
OREGON'S SUGAR INDUSTRY.
The Trans-Mississippi Fair Will Un
doubtedly Give It Great Impetus.
A proposition on foot at tbe Omaha
Trans-Mississippi fair this summer
which is of vital interest to Oregon
farmers, is the manufactuie of sugar,
illustrated by a plant in operation on
the ground. The complete process, it
is said, will be i l1 us t rated and all
grades of the staple article will be
made in plain sight of spectators.
In connection with this project, ac
tive interest has been manifested by
the Oregon commissioners. Special
representatives of the commission have
visited the Grande Ronde valley and
the Willamette valley, and have ac
quainted those interested with the plan
for showing the progress made in late
years at utilizing the most plebian
looking plant known to the agricul
turist. In a general way it is stated the sub
ject of sugar beet growing will be treat
ed from the time the seed is planted
until the orop is matured and will be
Arrangements have been made to
demonstrate at the fair that Oregon's
wondefully fertile soil is especially
adapted to the growing of the beet,
and that if capital in the middle west
ern states is seeking an outlet in this
promising industry, Oregon offers the
best advantages and every inducement
to come here. It will be the purpose
of those in charge of Oregon's exhibit
to explain what has been done for the
industry at La Grande and to show
that Willamette farmers will do the
same for a factory here.
The agricultural college faculty,
which has enlisted its support in a
gratifying way, will arrange complete
exhibit of Oregon soils with scientific
analysis. This will be displayed in the
horticultural building at Omaha and
all queries relating to soil and crops
will be answered in a most complete
and satisfactory manner. Whatever
shall be accomplished for Oregon at tho
Trans-Mississippi fair will be practical,
as the commissioners have had that
end in view in all they have under
taken to do.
R. D. Inman, of Portland, who is
largely interested in working for the
Euccess of the Oregon display, says that
he is satisfied that the Omaha exposi
tion is to be a great success and that
Oregon will reap beneficial results in
greater proportion from the fact that
the exposition city lies in the path of
thousands bound westward after gold
or a home this season. It is nearer
home and the attendance at the fair
will be drawn from all the trans-Mississippi
states and the East. If the
Paoifio coast states want more people
to settle in their borders, additional
capital and fresh industries, Mr. Inman
most heartily believes this is the time
to let the world hear from us. Too
much cannot be done for immigration,
for upon future immigration depends
The General Exhibit.
The'Buooes of the Oregon display at
the Columbian Fair at'Ch-icagowi!l bo
repeated on a far more comprehensive
scale at the Trans-Mississippi Exposi
tion, which opens in June. The state
commissioners appointed by Governor
Lord, having in charge the work of
preparation have gone actively to work
and not a day has been lost. Funds
are pledged, there is over 6,000 feet of
space contracted for on the ground
floor of the department buildings at the
exposition, and everything is progress
ing toward a successful end.
From the time the subject was first
broached the proposed Oregon exhibit
at the fair has met with popular favor.
The advantages to be derived from the
advertising which every section of the
state will receive there this year, seem
to be clearly realized. The advan
tages, it is believed, will be greater in
pioportion than came from the Colum
bian fair, although in that world's con
gress of wonderful sights Oregon did
appear as quite a factor. The salmon
fisheries of the Columbia, the wool
growing industries, the mines and
stock of Eastern and Southern Oregon,
the fruits from Hood river and the
fertile Willamette valley, and the
varied other resources of this state will
An exhibit at the Trans-Mississippi
exposition which will be .noted with
the deepest interest by the entire medi
cal fraternity will be the baby incuba
tor, and the progress of the poor, puny,
little lives that will inhabit it will bo
watched by thousands of eyes. The
invention is designed to assist nature
in preserving the lives of newly born
babes who are too frail to battle for ex
istence, and the records show that
since 1891, when it was first intro
duced, it has saved several thousand
human creatures by forcing pure ozone
into their lungs, providing an even
temperature for their sensitive little
bodies, and protecting them against
the thousand and one dangers to which
these tiny newcomers in this world are
Australian Coal for Japan.
The price of coal in Japan has risen
very greatly of late, far beyond any
expectation. Australia has been ship
ping coal to Japan and owing to the
high price of the commodity has found
the venture a paying one, notwith
standing the proximity of the Chinese
coal fields. A slight fall in priees,
however, will stop the Australian im
ports. Marrow of Giraffes' Bones.
The flesh of young giraffes, especially
that of a young cow, is extremely good,
somewhat like veal, with a game-like
flavor. The tongue, from 18 to 20
inches long, is also very good. But
the marrow bones afford the greatest
luxury to tbe South African hunter.
A giraffe marrow bone, about three
feet in length, roasted over tbe camp
fire and sawn in half, furnishes, with
the accompaniment of toast or bread,
an epicurean feast for a couple of men.
Lottery of Marble Carving.
Blocks of marble for statuary pur
poses are something in the nature of a
lottery. Onslow Ford, who is at work
on the statue of Huxley for the natural
history museum at South Kensington,
London, has been most unfortunate in
this respect. Twice be has had his
work well under way, when he has
struck blue veins, which ruined the
statue. He is n"W at work on the
The fashionable quarter of 8idney,
New South Wales, bears the beautiful
name of Wojolloommoolloo.