The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899, May 13, 1898, Image 1

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    VOL. XXXV.
NO. 9.
Happenings Both at Home
and Abroad.
Interesting Collection of Items From
Many Places Called From the Press
Reports of the Current Week.
The senate has passed the bill pro
viding for mail facilities in the army.
The houso passed the senate bill
authorizing the army to feed the Cu
bans and the people of the island of
A special from Madrid says the
municipal buildings at Linares have
been sacked and tle crowd fired on by
soldiers. Fourteen were killed and 60
The cruiser Charleston has been
placed in commission at Valejo. Cal.
She will be dispatched with supplies
for Dewey after being docked and over
hauled. Orders have been sent to Admiral
Dewey by the McCulIoch from Hong
Kong to re-establish, cable communica
tion. Manila is said to be short of
provisions and prompt relief measures
are necessary to avert suffering.
Certain powers, it has been definitely
learned, says a London dispatch, have
again mado overtures to Great Britain,
looking to intervention in the war be
tween Spain and the United States, but
Great Britain persisted in her refusal
to take part in such a move.
The Yukon river will be open for
navigation about June 1, says the latest
arrival at Skagway from Dawson. His
belief is based on tho fact that unusu
ally warm weather prevails on the
Yukon. Twenty millions of Klondike
gold is expected to come out this
season. f
The LaFayette, a French linor,
bound from Co iu ii n a, Spain, for Havana,
was captured off the latter port by tho
gunboat Annapolis, Commander Hun
ker, while trying to run the blockade,
after having previously been Warned
off. She had on board a large number
of passengers and a valuable cargo, pos
sibly containing contraband of war. It
is said in Washington that the incident
may lead to complications with Fi ance.
In accordance with the recommenda
tion of the president, embodied in a
message f-ent to congress, that body
passed a resolution of thanks to Com
modore (now admiral) Dewey, and the
officers and crews of the vessels of his
squadron, for their brilliant achieve
ment in defeating the Spanish fleet in
Manila bay, and iu capturing the forti
fications and defenses at Cavite. A bill
was also passed promoting Dewey to
the rank of admiral.
The anti-English sentiment in Cuba
is being fostered by tho Spanish pies3,
and it is rapidly becoming stronger.
Porto Rico is said to be on the eVo of
revolt. The inhabitants are unable
to longer endure the present situation.
The Spanish gold premium is nearly
80 per cent and the government is try
ing to place treasury bills in London,
offering as much as 15 per cent, but at
present with no prospect of success.
Frederick Ii. Coudert, the eminent
lawyer and jurist, who represented the
United States in the Behring sea com
mission, says the United States may
rightfully retain the Philippine islands.
Captain Kent, a British torpedo ex
pert, who has returned to Tmonto,
after an examination of the Maine
wreck gives it as his opinio!) that a
mine laid by Spanish officers destroyed
the battle-ship.
A dispatch from Kingston, Jamaica,
says that General Pando has ordered
all the garrison in eastern Cuba to con
centrate in Manzanillo, Neuvitas,
Gantanamo and Santiago de Cuba. All
other places have been evacuated.
Between $12,000 and $15,000 went
up in flames and smoke on the Liunton
road about three miles from Portland,
Or. The property destroyed was M.
Burelbach's crematory and outbnidings,
together with 110 head of hogs. The
fire is supposed to have been of an in
cendiary origin.
San Francisco will at once become a
base of important military and naval
operations. Before many days (1,000
armed men will be encamped on the
Presidio reservation. Orders have been
received to this effect by General Mer
riam, commanding tho department of
California and the Columbia.
The mail bags on the Spanish steam
er Argonaut, which was brought in by
the Maiblehead contained a letter from
Havana under date of April 2(5, which
spoke of suffering among the poorer
classes of the population, who were en
tirely without means of support. The
writer himself said ho did not know
where he was to get his dinner.
Water spouts and tornadoes have
played havoc and done hundreds of
thousands of dollars worth of damage
near Van Buren, Ark. Three houses
were blown down at Rudy, and it is re
ported that Winslow, a summer resort
on the top of Boston mountain, is en
tirely gone. The Aikansas river is 25
miles wide in places, and is now four
inches higher than it was in 1802,
which was the highest on record.
Minor News Items.
A Christian scientist in New York
has committed suicide because she waa
in poor health.
Miss Martha Culver, who lives near
St. Paul, is said to have killed more
wolves than any woman in the North
west. A rope seven miies long and 4J
inches in circumference, weighing
nearly 60 tons, has just been made for
use in a district subway in Glasgow,
J. Waldero Kirk, the "king of
dudes," was held up and robbed of
money and jewerly to the value of
$2,500 in St. Louis.
James Doel, the oldest living actor,
has just celebrated his 04th birth
day in Maiden Bradley, Wiltshire,
Instead of importing, India is begin
ning to export coal at the rate of about
100,000 tons monthly. The principal
collieries are in Bengal.
Irving MoDougall Garfield, eon of
the late president, resides in Boston,
is 87 years of age and has just won his
first law case in city courts.
The senate has passed the postoffice
bill and a bill providing for enlistment
of 10,000 immnnes in the South.
It is said Spanish spies are apparent
ly at work in this country. Evidence
has been discovered of a plot to blow
up the locks at Sault St. Marie.
Admiral Montejo, in charge of the
Spanish fleet at Manila, is reported to
have been killed by the populace after
having escaped from Cavite.
Assistant Secretary Meiklejohn has
chartered about 30 shirjs with a ca
pacity of 25,000 men. They are to be
used to convey troops to the Philip
pines and Cuba.
The Spanish government has no
money to buy war supplies, and will
therefore insist that the cortes sit con
tinuously until credits are voted. Pro
visions and especially wheat are becom
ing scarce at Madrid.
A correspondent of a London paper
says Sagasta knows Spain's cause is
hopeless. He acknowledges the situa
tion is most grave, and again declares
that his country was forced into war by
the United States.
The entire army stationed at Chicka
mauga Park has been ordered to the
front. The First and Tenth cavalry
go to New Orleans, the Second cavalry
to Mobile, the Third and Sixth to
Tampa. The entire body of infantry
goes to Tampa.
The torpedo boat Winslow engaged
three Spanish gunboats off Cardenas
bay. She disabled one, and put all
three to flight, and came out unscathed.
Lieutenant Bernardo, Ensign Bagley
and the men of the Winslow thought
the odds of three to one fair.
It is asserted in Hong Kong that Ad
miral Dewey finds the insurgents at
the Philippines growing dangerous.
He cannot control them, nor can he en
able the Spaniards to do so. Massa
cres are said to have occurred outside
Manila, the insurgents killing Spanish
women and children.
Under the law Admiral Dewey and
his men have become entitled to a rich
bounty. Even if the numerical im
portance of the fleet of Admiral Mon
tejo has been overestimated, the offi
cers and men of the Asiatic squadron
will be entitled to share among them
something like $187,000 bounty money.
Sir Charles Dilke, an eminent British
authority, when asked whether any
question of international law or prac
tice affected the United States' right
to retain the Philippines, said: "None
whatever. The States will hold the
Philippines by thrr right of conquest.
No power or powers will have the
slightest title to interfere."
News has been received by the navy
department that the Spanish Cape
Verde fleet has arrived at Cadiz. The
object of this mov"e, it is believed, is
tire concentration ot the entire Spanish
fleet for a bold stroke, in accordance
with the plans of the Spanish minister
of marine, as unofficially announced
from Madrid last week. The return
of the Cape Verdes fleet to Cadiz leaves
Sampson with no Spanish fleet to fight,
except those smaller craft in Cuban
A Madrid dispatch says orders have
been sent to the governor-general of the
Philippines to resist to the death the
attack on Manila.
A dispatch from Bahia, Brazil, an
nounces the arrival there of the battle
ship Oregon. It is said her call -it
Bahia was in accordance with instruc
tions from Washington.
The cabinet has decided to inaugurate
an agressive campaign against the
Spaniards in the Philippines and Cuba.
Five thousand troops will be sent to
Manila at once from the Pacific coast.
Later on Havana will be attacked from
the reir by the United States and in
surgent troops, and by the fleet in
Cable advices received from Rear
Admiral Sampson announce his arrival
off the coast of Hayti with a division
of his fleet. He will remain at the
point where he is now located until the
department or one of the scouts inform
him of the appearance of tho Spanish
men-of-war, which sailed from St.
Vincent nine days ago.
The dons tricked Commander Lam
berton. says a Manila dispatch to the
New Yoik Herald. He had been sent
to take Cavite aisenal. He demanded
their surrender, but they asked for more
time. Upon their request being grant
ed they improved their opportunities
by fleeing to Manilla and taking with
them the Mauser rifles of the fort.
Another tale of death on the Alaska
trail has been received at Victoria, B.
C. Twenty-two men were engulfed in
the waters of an icebound mountain
stream near Crater lake. Of the party
not one life was saved. The sudden
breaking of the ice ou which t! e gold
seekers were walking sent them to
their doom without a moment's warn
ing. The names of the dead are un
known. "
The surgeon of the Castilla says that
in the battle of Manila the Spanish
Admiral Montejo was wounded. The
captain, chaplain and 90 others were
killed and 60 wounded on the Castilla.
One hundred and fifty were killed and
90 wounded on the Rtdna Cristina,
Admiral Monteio's flagship. Five were
killed and 90 wounded on the Don Juan
de Austria; four killed and 50 wounded
on the Ulloa.
Lynde Bradley, an expert electri
cian in Milwaukee, has perfected plans
for the use of the X-ray on board of
war vessels and on the field.
Many cases have been discovered in
which rich New York women hired
proxies to go to Oklahoma to imperson
ate them in securing divorces.
The Railway Age predicts that the
total expenditures in new railway build
ings in 1898 will not be less than
50,000,000, and may well exceed
Over 600 young women are at pres
ent enrolled in the various departments
of the Swiss universities.
Prof. J. W. Hoffman, of the state
colored college at Orangeburg, S. C,
who was elected a fellow of the Ameri
can geographical society the other day,
is the first colored man to be so hon
ored. Rev. J. Avery Shephard, one of the
best known Episcopal ministers In Cal
ifornia, died In Santa Rosa, aged 82
years. He was in Montgomery, Ala.,
when the Confederate congress held its
first session and delivered the opening
The Transport Gussie
Starts Across.
Several More Transports Will Be Sent as
Soon as They Can Be Loaded Major
Oeneral Nunez Returns From Cuba
Will Conduct a Vigorous Campaicn.
Tampa, Fla., May 11. The steamer
Gussie, one of the Mallory line boats,
chartered by the government for use as
a transport, will sail for Cuba before
morning, loaded with arms, ammuni
tion and supplies furnished by the
United States government for the use
of the Cuban insurgents. A company
of 100 United States troops from the
First regiment of infantry will accom
pany the expedition, and aid in guard
ing the landing of the valuable cargo,
and will, if necessary, penetrate into
the interior far enough to place the
supplies in the hands of the insurgents.
The expedition will be in charge of Cap
tain W. H. Dorst, General Miles' aid,
who has just returned from Cuba.
The Gussie his on board between
6,000 and 7,000 Springfield rifles,
about 20,000 rounds of ammunition,
and several hundred boxes of provi
sions, consisting principally of canned
meats and hardtack. The utmost
secrecy is maintained regarding the
point of landing, but, in view of Cap
tain Do'st's recent landing near Ha
vana, where be commnnicated with
the insurgent leader, General Delgado,
it is supposed that the expedition will
be headed for a point not far from Ha
vana. The Gussie had mounted on
her forward deck a one-pounder rapid
fire gun. It is understood, however,
that she will be met not far from Key
West by a gunboat from the blockad
ing squadron, and escorted to the desig
nated landing place.
The Whitney, a sister ship of the
Gussie, which sailed for Dry Tortugas
with two companies of the Twenty-fifth
infantry, returned today. It is inti
mated that she will follow the Gussie
to Cuba as soon as the arms and sup
plies can be loaded. Before a week
has passed it is believed the insurgent
leaders will have been - furnished with
arms enough for at least 15,000 men,
and, with a base of supplies established
on the coast, a vigorous campaign
against the Spanish forces will be in
augurated. Large amounts of powder
and projectiles for the blockading
squadron are now arriving here.
On Picnic island there are 12 cars
loaded with dynamite torpedoes, pow
der and other ammunition, which will
he sent to Key West, and as many more
cars are on the wharf tracks. An extra
heavy guard has been placed around
the cars. Hundreds of carpenters are
at work today fitting up big transports.
It is believed now that all of the boats
here will be in readiness for loading by
Wednesday night.
General Nunez Returns.
Washington, May 11. Major-General
Nunez, of the Cuban army, arrived
here last night on his return from land
ing a party in Cuba. This landing was
effected about two weeks ago, after con
ferences between Nunez, General Miles
and Senor Quesada, the Cuban delegate,
and was for the purpose of opening up
communication with Generals Garcia
and Gomez. After a brief conference
with Mr Quesada, General Nunez left
for New York, where he will report to
President Palma The results of his
trip are guarded with much care by the
Cuban officials here, who deem it inex
pedient to discuss what General Nunez
did. It is said, however, that his party
found no difficulty in establishing com
munication with the Cuban command
ers in the island.
It is understood that General Nunez
will continue organizing parties of
Cubans to go to the front, and will
have command of the united Cuban
forces other than those in the field un
der Garcia and Gomez.
His Troops Are Badly in Need of Arms
and Ammunition.
New York, May 11. A commission
er sent to Gomez' camp has returned
here. Gomez formally declares his
readin'ss to co-operate with Miles and
Sampson whenever the United States
has available the land forces necessary
to take Havana without risking many
of our soldiers.
Hunger in the field almost equals
Weyler's cemetery towns. Ten
thousand Cuban revolutionists have
died in the last four months. Gomez'
own forces in Santa Clara are now liv
ing vicariously on small game. Other
portions are worse, and but 20,000
healthy soldiers remain.
There aro 12,000 men in Southeast
ern Cuba; 2,000 in Santa Clara under
Carillo, 1,500 in Matanzas under Be tan
court; 1,500 in Havana under various
small leaders; 8,000 in Pinar del Rio.
Pedro Diaz and Mayi Rodriguez are un
der the experienced and skillful Gomez,
and there are full.. 20,000 more Cubans
anxious to fight if armed, equipped
and fed by the United States. Exam
pled by a few regular troops, the most
moderate estimate is 40,000 resolute Cu
bans, of which at least half heard bal
lets before.
Conditions of the blockaded island
beggar description.
American exports for 1897 amounted
to $1,050,000,000.
No Officers to Be Rejected.
Washington, May 11. Adjutant
General Corbln today stated that orders
have been issued directing mustering
officers to accept all officers who may
be appointed by the governors of the
several states, but to keep for reference
a complete record of the disabilities of
officers so appointed. This order re
sulted from the many protests against
the numerous rejections on account ot
physical disabilities, and will have
much weight on Oregon and Washing
ton, where rejections have been very
The Spaniards at Manila Are Still
London, May 11. A dispatch to the
Daily Mall from Hong Kong says a
communication from Manila asserts
that the Spaniards are still .arrogant
and not likely to surrender until the
city is blown to pieces. A telegraph
operator has gone with the McCulIoch
to see what can be done with the cable.
The Hong Kong correspondent of the
Chronicle says the British in Manila
have forwarded a petition to Vice-Ad-miral
Seymour, commander-in-chief of
the Chinese station, for further naval
assistance, and it is anticipated that
additional ships will be sent there.
The British consul is working in har
mony with the American commander,
but it is felt that the British interests
require supervision by a force suffici
ent to keep the Spaniards and natives
in check.
There is no desire to advocate Brit
ish acquisition of tho Philippines, thus
completing the chain of British posses
sions from the Straits settlements by
Borneo to this colony. It is felt that
the occupation of thj Philippines by
any other great European power would
be most dangerous to their interests.
Business at Manila is at a complete
standstill, but the Spaniards are not
likely to surrender until the city is
blown to pieces. The British inhabit
ants, however, are confident that the
trouble will soon be over.
A Substantial Recognition of His Re
markable Victory.
Washington, May 11. A fitting
tribute was paid by the senate to Com
modore Dewey for the magnificent vic
tory he achieved in the battle of Manila
bay. The message from the president
was received recommending that a vote
of thanks be extended by congress to
Commodore Dewey and the gallant
officers and men of his command.
Without a word of debate and without
a dissenting voice, the senate agreed to
the resolution carrying into ellect the
recommendation of the president.
The semte went farther than that.
A bill was passed increasing the num
ber of rear-admirals to seven, in order
that the president might nominate
Dewey to the highest position in the
navy within his gift, and that, too, was
passed without dissent.
In addition, a joint resolution was
unanimously agieed to, directing the
secretary of the navy to present to
Commodore Dewey a sword of honor,
and have struck, in commemoration of
the battle of Manila, a bronze medal
for each of the officers and men who
participated in the gallant fight. The
resolution appropriates $10,000 to ena
ble the secretary to carry these provis
ions into effect.
A Second Call for Volunteers Will Be
Made Soon,
Olympia, Wash., May 11. Governor
Rogers today received the following
telegram fiom Representative Lewis,
dated Washington:
"Inform any of the Guard omitted
from present selected quota that the
secretary of war assures me new quota
will be sought from Washington in
next call, which will be in 10 days."
The governor said should this second
call be made it must be largely filled
from companies yet to be organized.
Parties desiring can form' companies
upon a volunteer basis, and if the pres
ident makes a call for more troops they
will be selected from the companies so
The governor is in receipt of a large
number of requests from patriotic citi
zens requesting appointments in the
service, and from others who desire to
become commissioned officers with
power to form companies to be after
ward mustered into the national
Many Victims Killed In Their Efforts
to Secure Food.
London, May 11. The Madrid corre
spondent of the Telegraph says: Bread
riots continue throughout Spain. The
painful monotony of the story was
broken this morning by news of victims
killed and wounded in their wild at
tempts to obtain food. In Ciudad Real
and almost every town in the province
of that name there were serious disor
ders, and the outbreaks were only
quelled by the military. Now it ap
pears that the prisons are too small and
too few to contain the people arrested.
Yesterday at Linares 14,000 work
men became disorderly, and a regular
battle ensred with the municipal
guards. The rioters possessed them
selves of a quantity of firearms, and
the streets were barricaded, and they
remained so till the moment of tele
graphing. Twelve dead bodies and
many wounded still lie in the streets,
and nobody dares to remove any of
tbem on account of the firing, which
continues steadily.
New York, May 10. The Herald
says: Members of the Porto Rico revo
lutionary junta in this city have re
ceived advices from the VVest Indies
stating that the natives of Porto Rico
have risen at Junicas and Balamar,
and that upon the arrival of the United
States fleet, 70,000 men will take the
field against Spain.
Spanish Cabinet Resigns.
Madrid, May 11. It is announced
the cabinet ministers have placed their
portfolios in the hands of Sagasta, with
a view of the probable reconstruction
of the ministry.
The queen regent consulted late this
afternoon with Montore Rios, president
of the senate, who advises a reconstruc
tion of the cabinet. It is increasingly
probable that the cabinet will be re
formed, with Senor Gamaza included,
after the lower house has adopted the
indemnity bill.
Nordstrom Must Hang.
Washington, May 11. The appeal of
Charles W. Nordstrom, under sentence
of death in the state of Washington,
was today, for the second time, denied
by the supreme court of the United
States. Nordstrom appealed from the
decision of the federal court of that
state, refusing him a writ of habeas
corpus, and the supreme court con
firmed the decision.
Cuban Deputies Assemble.
Havana, May 7. The recently elect
ed Cuban deputies assembled yesterday
for the first time to effeot organization.
U 1
Revised Story of the
The Spanish Fleet Was Caught With
out Steam A Futile Attempt Was
Made to Blow Up American Ships
With Submarine Mines.
Hong Kong, May 10. Owing to the
fact that the cable between this port
and the Philippines waa not in working
order, having been cut, it is said, some
distance from the capital of the island,
there has been delay in obtaining a de
tailed account of the battle, and the
facts in the case were only available
when the United States gunboat Hugh
McCulIoch arrived here yesterday,
and even then the tremendous pressure
of business suddenly thrown upon the
cable necessarily made the entire ac
count of the engagement somewhat
Commodore Dewey's orders were to
capture or destroy the Spanish fleet,
and never were instructions executed
in so complete a fashion. At the end
of seven hours there was absolutely
nothing left of the Spanish fleet but a
few relics. The American commander
had most skillfully arranged every de
tail of the action, and even the ap
parently most insignificant features
were carried out with perfect punctu
ality, and on railroad time-table order.
At the end of the action Commodore
Dewey anchored his fleet in the bay
before Manila and sent a messenger to
Governor-General Angusti announcing
the inauguration of the blockade, and
adding that if a shot was fired against
his ships he would destroy every bat
tery about Manila.
The position occupied by the Span
iards, the support which their ships re
ceived from the land batteries, and the
big guns they had ashore, gave them
an enormous advantage. Therefore,
when it is considered that the Span
iards lost over 600 men in killed and
wounded, and that their naval aisenal
at Cavite was also destroyed with its
defenses, it will become apparent that
the victory of the American commodore
is one of the most complete and wonder
ful achievements in the history of pa-
' . 1 warfare. ., -S i
Not a man on board the American
fleet was killed; not a ship was dam
aged to any extent, and only six men
were injured slightly on board the
Baltimore. This grand achievement
is quite as much due to the generalship
of Commodore Dewey as to the fact
that the American gunners, ships and
guns are superior to any fleet anywhere.
Great credit must also be given to
the fullest extent to the officers under
Commodore Dewey, for to a man they
seconded their gallant commander in
every way possible, and thus helped
him win the laurels which are justly his.
Commodore Dewey arrived at Subig
bay, about 30 miles north of Manila
bay, Saturday, April 30, and sent the
Baltimore and Concord to reconnoiter
the enemy. They found no Spanish
ships at the entrance of the bay, and
so Commodore Dewey decided to risk
the mines and proceed that same night
after dark into the bay of Manila,
which he did.
The order of battle taken by the
Spaniards was with all the small craft
inside the stone and timber breakwaters
of Cavite harbor. - The larger ships of
Spain cruised off Cavite and Manila.
The American fleet entered Manila
bay Saturday night with the greatest
ease. The Spaniards had not estab
lished a patrol, and there were no
searchlights at the entrance of the bay.
The early hours of the morning re
vealed the ships to each other, and the
Spanish flagship opened fire. Its ac
tion was followed by some of the larger
Spanish warships, and then the Cavite
forts opened up, and the smaller Span
ish ships brought their guns into play.
The American suardon, which entered
the bay through the shells of the Span
iards, which began to strike the water
around them, moved majestically on
ward. When nearing Bakor bay, a sudden
upheaval of water a short distance
ahead of the Olympia showed that the
Spaniards had exploded a mine or a
torpedo. This was followed by a sec
ond and similar explosion. They were j
both utterly unsuccessful.
The Amerioan fleet was then draw
ing nearer and nearer to the Spaniards,
whose gunnery was very poor, the
shots from the Cavite batteries and
Spanish ships being equally badly
aimed, either falling short or wide of j
their mark.
When the American fleet entered the
bay, coming through the southern j
channel between Caballo and Frile in-
lets, the following was the order:
Flagship Olympia, Baltimore, Raleigh,
Concord, Boston, Petrel and McCul
Ioch. The two store ships, Nanshan
London, May 10. The Hong Kong
correspondent of the Daily Mail gives
these details: There was an act of
treachery on the part of the Spanish !
ship, which lowered her flag and then '
fired at a boat's crew sent to take pos- j
session of her. She did not hit the '
boat, but the American guns were
turned on her and tore her to pieces. I
She went to the bottom with all on
board. Several vessels close inshore
behaved in the same way and shared
her fate.
Bad Fire in Duluth.
Duluth, Minn., May 10. Fifty
frame buildings in Minnesota point,
just above the ship canal, were burned
this afternoon. An hour after the fire
started, 2,000 people were homeless.
The fire took 13 frame store buildings,
fronting on Lower Lake avenue, just
below the "Under-the-Hill" district,
and swept from there back to the lake
shore. The district was populated by
the poorest people in the city. There
were no particularly large individual
losses. The total is thought to be
and Zeafiro, brought up the rear.
In that order they swept grandly be
fore the city and faced the enemy in
column line.
Though the Spaniards had opened
fire at 6,000 yards, the Americans re
served their fire until within 4,000
yards of the enemy, when the real bat
tle began. The Reina Cristina, Cas
tilla, Don Antonio de Ulloa, Is la de
Cuba, Isla de Luon and Mindanao
were in line of battle outside of Cavite
at that time, with their four gunboats
and the torpedo-boats inside the harbor.
f The American ships passed back
ward and forward six times across the
front of the Spaniards, pouring in
upon the latter a perfect hail of shot
and shell. Every American shot
seemed to tell, while almost every
Spanish shot missed the mark.
After having thus scattered demor
alization among the Spanish fleet and
battjries, the American fleet retired
for breakfast, and incidentally a coun
cil of war was held on board the
By this time the Spanish ships were
in a desperate condition. The flag
ship Reina Criptina was riddled with
shot and shell, one of her steam pipes
had burst, and she was believed to be
on fire. The Castilla was certainly on
Are, and soon after the fire became
worse and worse, until they were
burned to the water's edge.
The Don Ulloa made a most magnifi
cent display of bravery. When her
commander found she was so torn by
American shells that he could not keep
afloat, he nailed her colors to her mast
and sank with all hands fighting to the
last. She was completely riddled, and
her upper deck had been swept clear
by the awful fire of the American
guns, but the Spaniards, though theii
vessel was sinking beneath them, con
tinued working her guns on her lower
decK until she sank beneath the waters.
During the engagement a Spanish
torpedo-boat crept along the shore and
around the offing in an attempt to at
tack the American storeships, but she
was promptly discovered. She was
driven ashore and was actually blown
to pieces.
The Mindanao had meanwhile been
run ashore to save her from sinking,
and the Spanish small craft had
sought shelter from the steel storm be
hind the breakwater.
The battle, which was started at
about 5 A. M., and adjourned at 8:30
A. M. , was resumed about noon, when
Commodore Dewey started in to put
the finishing touches on his furious
work. There was not much fight left
in the Spaniards by that time. At 2
P. M. the Petrel and Concord had
shot the Cavite batteries into silence,
leaving them heaps ol ruins and float
ing the white flag.
She Spanish gunboats were then
scuttled, the arsenal was on fire, and
the explosion of a Spanish magazine
caused further mortality to the Span
ish defenders on shore.
On the water the burning, sunken
or destroyed Spanish vessels could be
seen, while only the cruiser Baltimore
had suffered in any way from the fire
of the enemy. A shot which struck
her exploded some ammunition near
one of her guns and slightly injured a
dozen of the crew.
Shots passed dangerously close to
Commodore Dewey, but little or no
damage was done on board the flagship.
On the other hand, about 160 men
are said to have been killed on board
the Spanish flagship, which was to
tally destroyed. Admiral Montejo,
the Spanish admiral, transferred his
flag to the Isla de Cuba when his ship
caught fire, but the latter was also de
stroyed in due course of time. The
Reina Cristina lost her captain, a lieu
tenant, her chaplain, and a midship
man by one shot which struck her
bridge. About 100 men were killed
and 60 wounded on board the Castilla.
Indeed, some estimates place the num
ber of Spanish wounded during the en
gagement at over 1,000 men.
The Olympia was struck five Jtinies
about her uppei works, and a whale
boat of the Raleigh was smashed.
Although the Krupp guns on the es
planade of Manila were fired continu
ally during the engagement, Commo
dore Dewey did not reply to them, and
the battery afterwards hoisted a white
flag in token of surrender
The terms of the capitulation were
still unsettled when the McCulIoch
left Manila, but it was said Commo
dore Dewey feared rioting upon the
part of the insurgents if he attempted
a bombardment of the remaining forti
fications at Manila.
The forts at the entrance of the hay
were dismantled Wednesday after they
had capitulated.
It is said the commodore ordered the
cable to be cut, because the Spaniards
refused to permit him to use it pend
ing the complete surrender of the city.
It is understood that the Spanish
ships did not get under steam until
after the alarm was given.
It is said, that the Spanish com
mander "informed the governor-general
that it was advisable to surrender in
the interest of humanity, as it was im
possible to resist successfully, but that
he and his men were willing enough to
fight and die. Even when the Spanish
flagship was shot half away, her com
mander, though wounded, refused to
leave the bridge till the ship was
burning and . sinking, her stern shat
tered by a shell and her steam pipe
As yet, there are no further details.
After the day's fighting had ceased
ommodore Dewey sent an ultimatum
to the city battery, ordering it to cease
firing or he would bombard it. The
Petrel chased a gunboat up the river
Pasig, and the Spanish c-ptain came
in a boat to negotiate conditions of sur
render. The American captain re
plied: "Unconditional surrender, or fight."
To this, the Spaniard answered:!
"We are willing to fight. Please
allow us to send for ammunition, be
cause our stores is exhausted."
Valne of the Victory.
Chicago, May 10. A speoial to the
Times-Herald from Washington says:
The representatives of the foreign gov
ernments are taking an intense interest
in the serious conflict between the
United States and Spain. They are
specially concerned at present in the
fate of the Philippines, and are discuss
ing the possibility of interference by
the powers. The concensus of opinion
seems to be that if the United States
concludes to retain possession of the
conquered islands of the Pacific, the
European powers will have no cause to
I 1 I
Need of Money to Carry
on Conflict.
Senate's Action Canses President Un
easiness May Throw Out ISond Fea
ture, Which Would Interfere With
Plans Mapped Out.
Washington, May 9. At a cabinet
meeting today, besides the war situa
tion in its general aspect, there was
some discussion of the relative merits
of persons seeking brigadier-generalships
and other commissions in the
army. The president expressed him
self very .pronouncedly as opposed to
the appointment to such responsible
positions of those who have had no
military experience.
One feature of the session was a dis
cussion of the attitude of the senate in
providing the "sinews of war" for de
fraying the expenditures of the war.
The president has positive information
that the senate committee on finance,
which is still struggling with the war
revenue bill, will report the measure
with the bond feature eliminated.
This causes the administration great
uneasiness and embarrassment, and the
statement is made that the possibility
of adverse action of the full body of the
senate is a source of much anxiety.
The president laid before the cabinet
the information he had as to what is
to be looked for from the senate, and,
while not expressing absolute confi
dence in favorable action by the senate
with the bond feature incorporated, ex
'pressed the hope that there would bo a
satisfactory majority for the bond pro
vision. Should it not become a part of
the law, many urgent appropriations
for the war will have to be held back.
The money to be secured from bond
sales, it is said, is needed imperatively
for the execution of the plans mapped
out, and adverse actiorf'-'by the senate
was likely to interfere unless the money
is otherwise provided, and by as speedy
a method as by the issuance of bonds.
The administration is anxious to im
press this fact upon congress, so that
ample revenues may be at hand for a
vigorous prosecution of the war.
There was considerable gratification
evinced at the general war outlook.
There was a strong belief that the
Spanish fleet, instead of sailing across
the seas to intercept the Oregon or to
come into the waters near home to be
gin operations, would be found eventu
ally to be now progressing to some point
closer to its own possessions on the
other side of the ocean.
While there is great reticience on
the part of members of the administra
tion on the subject, there is excellent
authority for the statement that the
Instructions of Admiral Sampson give
him great latitude.
It was announced by Secretary Alger
today that the volunteer army will con
sist of seven corps, each in command of
a major-general.
Theodore Roosevelt was mustered in
as lieutenant-colonel today. "Fighting
Joe" Wheeler was the first of the major-
generals of the volunteer aimytobe
mustered in. Wheeler has thedistino- j
tion of being the first ex-Confederate
officer to receive a commission in me
military service of the United States.
Twenty Per Cent of Washington Guards
men Rejected.
Tacoma, May 9. About 20 per cent
of the members of the National Guard ,
companies thus far examined by the'
examining surgeon at Camp Rogers
have failed to pass on account of phys- j
ical disability. Thursday night at
meeting of the line officers of the ;egi
ment was held in one of the major's
tents, and an expression was given by
some of the company commanders that,
if the same percentage of their men was j
refused, they would take their com-1
panies home and make no attempt to
be mustered in. The officers also
agreed upon a telegram, which was sent j
to Washington today, asking that the ;
examining and mustering offic rs be
instructed to admit the line officers of.
the regiment withnn' subjecting them
to the physical examination.
Hut Pew l.hosen.
Portland, Or., May 9 Fully 40 per
cent of the men examined yesterday at
Camp MoKinley failed to pass muster, I
most of them because they weighed too!
much or too little In proportion to their
stature. Thirty men were rejected
from Captain Heath's crack company
from McMinnville. Company A of j
Portland, suffered a like fate. Not a
jot or title was abated from the strict
letter nf the army regulations, and
when 'he labors of the examining offi
cers are n hided ther promis s to be
little more left of the First regiment of j
" volunteers than was left of the
Light Brigale after the charge of
Ba aklav.
American .ilissiottnufc JH.s4Hcrd.
Freetown, Sierra Leone, West Coast
of Africa, May 7. It is said that the
insngenta engaged In the rebellion,
which has grown out of the dissatisfac
tion with the hut tax and was an
nounced yesterday, who burned the
headquarters of the American mission
aries in Shengay. in the Sherboro dis
trict, bave attacked and destroyed the
town of Rotif unk. It la further said
that the members of the American mis
sion located there, who were sierra
Leoneinans, have been massacred.
May Attack the Canaries.
London, May 9. A story is published
here to the effect that the British ad
miralty has bee i notified by the Wash
ington naval strategic board to remove
the British spbjeots from the Canary
islands, and ft is said this accounts for
the British second-class cruiser Charyb
dls being sent to Las Palmas, and leads
to thy conclusion that Rear-Admiral
Sampson may attack the Canaries,
which wonld draw the Spanish fleet out
of Cadis, and give the United Stat
Seattle Market.
Potatoes Yakimas, $11 12 per ton;
natives, $810; sweets, 2)c per pound;
box of 60 pounds, $1.75.
Butter Fancy native creamery,
brick, 2021c; ranch, 10 12c; dairy,
15 16c; Iowa fancy creamery, 21c.
Cheese Native Washington, 11
12c; Eastern cheese, 12c.
Eggs Fresh ranch, 14c; California
ranch, 14c.
Meats Choice dressed beef steers,
8c; cows, 77c; mutton, 8c; pork,
7c; veal, small, 8a
Poultry Chickens, live, per pound,
hens, 14c; dressed, 16c; turkeys,
live, 14c; dressed, 17 18c.
Fresh Fish Halibut, 67c; steel
heads, 78c; salmon trout, 910c;
flounders and sole, 34o; torn cod, 4c;
ling cod, 45c; rock cod, 5c; smelt, 8
5c; herring, 4o.
Olympia oysters, per sack, $3 3.25.
Corn Whole,$23.50;cracked,per ton,
$24; feed meal, $24 per ton.
Barley Rolled or ground, per ton,
$26; whole, $25.
Flour Patents, per barrel, $5.00
5.25; straights, $4.75; California
brands, $6.00; Dakota brands, $5.00
$5.75; buckwheat flour, $6.50.
Millstufls Bran, per ton, $16; shorts,
per ton, $17 18.
Feed Chopped feed, $2122 per
ton; middlings, per ton, $1819; oil
cake meal, per ton, $35.
Hay Puget Sound, new, per ton,
$10 13; Eastern Washington-timothy,
$17; alfalfa, $11; straw, $7.
Oats Choice, per ton, $28 30.
Wheat Feed wheat, per ton, $26.
Portland Market.
Wheat Walla Walla, 97 98c; Val
ley and Bluet-tern, 99c$l per bushel.
Flour Best grades, $4.90; graham,
$4.85; superfine, $2.75 per barrel.
Oats Choice white, 44c; choice
gray, 84c per bushel.
Barley Feed barley, $24; brewing,
$25 per ton.
Millstuffs Bran, $19 per ton; mid
dlings, $25; shorts, $19.
Hay Timothy, $12 13; clover, $11
12; Oregon wild hay, $9 10 per ton.
Eggs Oregon, lie per dozen.
Butter Fancy cfcaniery, 85 40c;
fair to good, 80 35c; dairy, 25 30c
per roll.
Cheese Oregon full cream, 12c;
Young America, 1314o.
Poultry Chickens, mixed, $3.00 per
dozen; hens, $4.00; springs, $2.50 3;
geese, $6. 00 6. 50; ducks, $6.00
6.50 per dozen; turkeys, live, 12 13c
per pound.
Potatoes Oregon Bur banks, 30 40c
per sack; sweets, $1.752 per cental.
Onions Oregon, $2.252.50 per
Hops 5 12o per pound for new
crop; 1896 crop, 46c.
Wool Valley, 14 16c per pound;
Eastern Oregon, 8 12c; mohair,
2 So per pound.
Mutton GrBrf.!3pt frf ;,wr 11", m-J
and ewes, 4c; dressed mutton. 6,l-ac;
spring lambs, 10c per lb. -
Hogs Gross, choice heavy, $4.25;
light and feeders, $3.004.00; dressed,
$5. 00 6. 25 per 100 pounds.
Beef Gross, top steers, $3.50
4.00; cows, $2.503.25; dressed beef,
6 7c per pound.
Veal Large, 55c; small, 6
6c per pound.
San Francisco Market.
Wool Southern coast lambs, 7 8c;
San Joaquin, 7 9c; Northern, 11 12c
per lb.
Millstuffs Middlings, $23 25. 50;
California bran, $20.0020.50 per ton.
Onions Silverskins. $2.50 3. oo per
Butter Fancy creamery, 20c; do
seconds, 19c; fancy dairy, 19c; good
to choice, 17 18c per pound.
Eggs Store, 11 12c; ranch, 12 J
Fresh Fruit Apples, 36c t 1.50 per
large box; cherries, 75c$1.00; do
red and white, 25 60c per box.
Citrus Fruit Oranges, navels, $1.00
2.50; Mexican limes, $4.00; Cali
fornia lemons, 75c$1.00; do choice,
$1.251.50; per box.
Hay Wheat, $28 26; wheat and
oat, $2125; oat, $14.5016.50; best
barley, $1821; alfalfa, $18.50
14.50; clover, $1315.
Cheese Fancy mild, new, 10c; old,
10c per pound.
Potatoes Early Rose, 30 40c.
Hops 1014o per pound.
He Had Beef for Havana.
New York, Special. The British
steamer Ardenmohr, which sailed from
Guiana, April 22, for Havana, with a
cargo of cattle, arrived in this port to
night, having been unable to reach her
destination owing to the blockade of
Cuban ports by United States war
ships. The ship, when off Matanzas,
April 27, at 8:30 P. M., was boarded
by a boat's crew from the Cincinnati,
ami her captain was told that, owing
to the blockade, his vessel could not
enter Havana.
Lugano, Switzerland, May 12. Tho
latest reports from Milan indicate the
rising of the people has been mastered.
Troops have been pouring into the
city all night. In all parts of Milan
whole streets were torn up by the mob.
Not a pane of glass is unbroken, doors
are mostly torn down, and on all sides
can be seen the remains of fires and
wrecked furniture and other household
goods. In fact, there are portions of
the olty practically sacked. Trouble
also occurred at Treviso, Verona, Ba
duca and Brescia.
To Seise Cuba Within a Week.
Washington, May 12. The bugbear
of the yellow fever scourge is to be ig
nored, and the Spaniards are to be
ejected from Cuba before midsummei,
if American soldiers can drive them
out. Last week's decision to keep the
volunteer army in great camps at
home to drill and harden them for the
campaign of invasion next fall, has been
set aside, and, instead, the new regi
ments furnished by the states will be
hurrying toward Cuba within a week.
Chased by a Spaniard
Boston, Mdy 12. Captain Roberts,
of the Warren line steamship Roman,
now at this port, reports at noon last
Friday, when 70 miles south from Sable
island, a Spanish torpedo-boat was
sighted. She had no masts and showed
no flag. She pursued the Roman for a
half an hour, and was apparently gain
ing slightly, when a thick fog, accom
panied by rain, set in, and the torpedo
boat was lost to view.
The heart beats ten strokes a minute
less when one Is lying down than when