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About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View This Issue
THE GAZETTE JOB ROOMS
are headquarter for all kinds of
Kote-Eeadi, Eft-Heals, Stateaeats,
ZsrSlopw asi Society Printing ef An Ziada.
BY J. J. FLETT, OUR ARTISTIC PRINTER.
GAZETTE stationery STORE
Is well stocked withfa full line of ,
Blank Books, Legal Blanks, Inks,
Plain and Fancy Box Papers,
Pens, Pencils, Tablets, and All Kinds
of Writing Materials.
CORVALLIS, BEATON, COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, JANUARY 5, 1894.
VOL. XXX. I
vmnanrifn? n nitrn iW n ft TrB
Saturday Jan. 6.
STOCK'S CASH STORED
"Must Go" Sale.
VOVE HAVE INVOICED AND J FIND OURSELVES OVER-
stocked with Winter Goods. We have to unload' in order to
make room for our New Spring Stock, and to accomplish this end
we will offer our entire stock at and under coat until March J, 1894-
All our Men's and Boys'
All our Men's Overcoats
All our Boys' Overcoats Less than Cost.
"AUour BootsSfaoes and Hats at Cost.
All our Men's Underwear at Cost.
All our Oveishitfs at Cost.
All our Rubber Goods at Cost.
All our Mackintoshes and Gum Coats at Coats.
Everything in Stock at
This Great "Must Go" Sale will begin on Monday, January 6th.
All goods sold during this sale at cost prices are for spot cash only.
Remember this is a Bona Fide Cash Sale.
Call or send for. )&
New Price List.
I -M J JJ,
Our "Gilt Edge" Customers who buy on time (during this sale) will
be charged regular prices less 10 per cent.
YrfHE PRICES FOR HOLIDAY GOODS AT KLINE'S WILL
enable all to give cheerfully upon the approaching Christmas.
We are enabled to offer special inducements to purchasers of the fol
lowing and many other articles;
PLUSH ALBUMS, FANCY CUPS & SAUCERS,
AUTOGRAPH ALBUMS, CHILD'S SILVER SETS,
PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS, SILVERWARE & CUTLERY,
: VASES, DECORATED WARE,
- " FANCY. STOOLS, WISP BROOMS,
MUFFLERS, KID GLOVES,
COLLAR AND CUFF BOXES, LADIES'
AND GENTS' SILK HANDKERCHIEFS,
OVERCOATS, DRESS SUITS,
FANCY DRESS PATTERNS.
KLINE'S BUSY BIG STORE.
FARE A & WILSON.
Physicians, Surgeons and Ac
coucheurs. 5T Office np-staira in Farra and Allen's
Brick. Offiice hoars from 8 to 9 a. k., and
from 1 to 2 and 7 to 8 P. m. Calls promptly
attended to at all hoars; either day or night
Suits at Cost.
and Under Cost.
'2ji$tr Corvallis, Oregon
THEO. KKCSE, Proprietor.
6or. Third & Alder, - Portland, Or.
. sCTUdW Private Booms on Alder Street,
COLLEGE NOTES. -
President Bloss spent a few dayslast week
in Portland where he had gone to deliver a
lecture on the O. A. C.
School reopened last Tuesday for the win
ter term and the attendance is above the
average for the season of the year. Nearly
all of the old students are back and a few
new ones have been enrolled.
Messrs. "Will Bloss and Brady Burnett
went to Portland last Saturday to see the
foot ball game between the Multnomah and
Stanford teams. These gentlemen report a
very 'good time and are especially pleased
with the sociability of the members of -the
Station Bulletin No. 27 is now being print
ed and will be ready for distribution in a
short time. This bulletin is by Prof. Moses
Craig and treats of "Plant diseases; their
cause and prevention." It contains thirty
two pages and the illustrations are very fine.
A bulletin by Prof. II. T. French, on "Pig
Feeding," is also being prepared and will be
ready in about a month. These bulletins
will be sent free to any one wanting them.
The fat cow raised at the college created
a great deal of excitement but Prof. Faench
has been equally successful in raising other
live stock. Last Tuesday he killed four
hogs averaging 250 pounds apiece; the
largest weighing 2G6 pounds. There seems
to be nothing remarkable in, that; but when
we stop to consider that they were only eight
months old the full force of the statement is
apparent. Experiments were made in the
feeding of these hogs. After these experi
ments commenced they gained abuut one
and one-half pounds a day. Profs. Bloss,
French, Thompson and Clark each bought
one of these porkers.
The-O. A. C. team challenged the Pacific
University team to play foot ball but the
Pacifies say they won't play. They gave no
reasons. The Multnomahs have also been
challenged to play for the championship of
Oregon, but up to this time no answer has
been received. If some team don't play the
boys for the championship they will claim it
anyway for it will be remembered that they
have never been beaten and they have
played only Oregon teams. Surely they
have as much right to claim it as tha Mult
nomahs for they have played only teams
from other states. ' Another fact which is
not generally known is that the Athletic As
sociation of the O. A. C. is an incorporated
association and they are therefore entitled
to the same privileges of any athletic club in
MARY'S PEAK VS. MT. HOOD.
Never before in the history of Corvallis
was such'a splendid spectale presented to the
vision of the' admirers of beauty in nature
as Mary's .Peak presented at sunrise on
Tuesday morning of this week. The gar
ments of night which had enshrouded the
snow capped peak during the darkness
were being rolled away into canyons by old
Sol, as he arose fresh and- bright from the
eastern horizon. The faint shadows in the
ravines were being blended into the most
delicate hues as they emerged from their
covering into the brightness and took
flight toward the crest of the mountain top.
The dark blue line of the fir timber cover
ing its 'sides served as a background
which brought clearly into view each con
tour of its rugged slopes and enabled the
beholder to more distinctly discover the
changes of its exquisite coloring. The
beauty of Mt. Hood is the pride of every
true Oregonian heart, but its grandeur sank
into insignificance when compared to the
scene presented by Mary's Peak on the
morning in question.
The author of the forezoinz is takinsr
medicine for it right along. His recovery,
nowever, is aoubttui.j
OUR BOYS CHAMPIONS.
That the O. A. C. foot ball team are en
titled to the claim of championship of the
state there is no doubt, and at present their
banner is unfurled to the breezes as such.
They won every contest in which they have
engaged, have challenged both the Pacific
University team of Forest Grove and the
Multnomahs, who were on Monday defeated
by the Californians. From the former they
have received a refusal to play, and it is
probable that the same reply, it any, will be
received from the latter, to whom a chal
lenge was issued and delivered to Manager
Avers during the performance at the Mar
quam Grand Monday evening. However,
should any team in the state feel disposed to
dispute the claim the O. A. C. boys are
more than willing to test their merits on any
field at any time. They are the champions t
IT HAS NO NAME.
Mr. M. F. Hayes has on display in P.
Zierolf s grocery store a specimen of some
thing for which a name has not yet been
found, prepared wholly from wheat and is
absolutely pure. It can be used satisfac
torily as a mush or in combination with
buckwheat or corn meal for griddle cakes.
The discovery was made while Mr. Hayes
was paying a visit to his brother-in-law at
Silverton and is pronounced to be the ar
ticle that "fills a long-felt want" in the
preparation of breakfast goods. Samples
may be had free at Mr. Zierolf 's store.
Call and get your breakfast supply.
New and unique calendars have been
tarnished this office by the various insur
ance agents of the city. Thanks,' gentle
Highest of all In Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report'
DUTIES OF THE REOEIVER
Judge Fullerton made the following order
prior to the adjornment of court last week:
.That the receiver, E. W. Hadley, make
and file with the clerk of this court a de
tailed, full and complete report and account
of his receivership np to the end of 1893, on
or before the 10th day of Tanuary, IS94,
showing a complete statement of his receipts
and disbursements, earnings, and expenses
assets and liabilities from the begining of
his receivership up to the en I of 1893, and
that he likewise file a list of his employes at
this time and the amount of the,ir wages re
spectively, and that he on the second day of
February, 1894, file his monthly account for
the month of January, 1894, showing in de
tail the earnings and disbursements, assets
and liabilities for said month. It is further
ordered that the receiver pay out of such
monthly earnings all employes and persons
furnishing materials' and supplies pro rata,
provided that where it is necessary in order
to carry on said business to pay out cash in
full, as for telegraghing, postage, office rent,
office supplies, boat or steamer 'supplies, or
other supplies or material, or for paying the
operating expenses of the steamship or tug,
or boats, the receiver is permitted to make
such payments in full out of such earnings.
The receiver is also anthorized to take im
mediate and) all necessary steps to procure
the release of the steamshp Willamette Val
ley, now under attachment in San Francisco,
California, and likewise to employ counsel
to defend the suits and actions brought
against him or-said steamship in the state of
California. The receiver was also authorized
to give to creditors of the company who had
libeled the steamship, the assurance of the
court that it is his settled purpose and de
termenation to continue the regular opera
tion of the steamship between the ports of
San Francisco and Yaquina, so that if the
said creditors at any time may ieej nnsecure
they may the opportunity of again attaching
A SENTIMENTAL POET.
Corvallis has a poet. At the State
Teachers' Association held last " week in
Portland, the college had a collection of
poems, essays, etc., on exhibition from the
third year class in literature. In this col
lection was a poem nicely written and en
cased iu a covering of celluloid neatly tied
with bows of delicate colored ribbon. On
the outside cover was inscribed tte title of
its contents and the tiame of its author. It
was admired by all that is tfce cover.
During one day no less than twenty differ
ent persons read it tc a group. ii'fffejiiJa
everyone of whom spoke ' in the highest
praises of its binding. The penmanship
too, was all that could be asked for. The
poem was on the sentimental order and if it
didn't break all former records it was no
fault of the author. Why, even Mrs. Ella
Wheeler Wilcox, who, by the way is no
slouch on sentiment, would have blushed
with shame had some of her love sick pas
sages been compared with the babblings of
this young man. This poem should be pub
lished in a morocco bound, gilt edged, red
line edition and placed on sale at the various
book stores throughout the country. : The
loss attendant npon such a business ven
ture would probably give assurance to the
author that his success would be found
in some other field of usefulness. "Poets are
born, not made.''
A SEALING VOYAGE.
The sealing schooner of which Rnfus
Guilliamn is master and whose crew is
made up principally of Lincoln county boys,
has gone on a nine months' cruise in the
Pacific. - W. G. Emery goes along ' in the
capacity of a photographer. The schooner
will first proceed to the Sandwich islands,
thence to Japan and from there will start' in
quest of seals, going north along the Asiatic
coast. Last year the expedition was suc
cessful, a good price was realized for the
skins and the hunters are equally sanguine
on this voyage. The principal loss ' to be
feared is being eanght and the skins taken
by the government. Sealing is prohibited
within the shree -mile limit and within this
limit the seals are the most plentiful, but lis
one of tha hunters expressed it, "We donft
intend to poach, but , we are going to get
seals." Mr. Emery has taken over 500
plates with him and will bring back views
of all the principal places at which they
touch and of the interesting scenes ou the
expedition. He has a contract with a prom'
inent daily for the use of his plates and
hopes to bring back a series of views which
have never been, equaled.
A BIRTHDAY PARTY. ' 'J
Roy Woodcock was tendered a party on
Saturday evening by his parents in honor of
his 13th birthday. The evening was pleas
antly passed with music and games until
10 o'clock when refreshments were served.
Among those present were Etta Peet, Elna
Friendly, Dennis Stovall, Edith Thompson,
Mary Prichard, Jessie Hufford, Mary Nolan,
Agnes Weber, Tommy Nolan, Alfred Mur
ray, Oscar Friendly, Milton Friendly, Les
lie Murray; Eugene Weber, Minnie Prich
ard, Lawrence Stovall, Merl Simpron, Har
old Woodcock, Everest Prichard, Walter
Hufford, Roy Woodcock.
OREGON TEACHERS MEET.
The Corvallis Contingent Make
a Good Showing at the
Our readers will be interested in the pro
gram of the State Teacher's Association
for last week, and therefere we give an ab
stract of the wprk that pertains especially to
what was done by the persons from this sec
tion of the state. This meeting was univer
sally acknowledged one of the most satisfac
tory of the conventions of Oregon teachers,
The enrollment reached fully 400, and in the
several departments that of superintend
enta, colleges, and public school teachers
there was a remarkable interest, intelligent
papers, and lively discussions, the gist ot
which was that teachers need special prep
aration for the discharge of the important
duties imposed upon them by responsibili
ties they assume, and. that there is a rapid
forward movement in every department of
On Wednesday afternoon, Prof. J, B.
Horner read a very good paper on "Libra
ries in Public Schools." The paper received
a great deal of merited praise, since it con
tained valuble suggestions on the importance,
value, and character of such adjuncts to the
public school course. ' On suggestions on
how to procure these libraries it was shown
how some localities have succeeded in raise
ing funds for procuring the books among
others, the plan of holding entertainments,
the proceeds of which are appropriated to
this purpose, was referred to. The collect
ing of books and magazines for which the
owners have no further use, and the solicita
tion for bequests from persons who have
not means enough to endow some institution
of learning, and yet are anxious to nse a part
of their means for the promotion of the in
telligence of the rising generation.
In the college department Pres. Jno. M.
Bloss, gave an address on "The Place of the
State Agrieultural College in our Education
al System." The relation of the several de
partments of school work was clearly out
lined, and the point that in this system the
agricultural college has a distinct place, was
well made. The paper called forth a friend
ly discussion in which a number of the col
lege men participated. Supt. McElroy also
took part in this discussion.
In the same department, President Camp
bell discussed "The place of the Normal
School in our Educational System." He
said that the normal school system was early
mailt; in !ighicttCtuntriea irt Europe &d
integral part of the public school system.
Trained teachers were recognized as a neces
sity by each of the great educational re
formers. 'In the United States the normal
school idea was impeded in its growth by
tho empirical wotk done by many private
normal schools, which assumed the name as
a means of gaining popularity. The best
schools based their teaching upon a thorough
preparatory study of the elements of psycol-
ogy and of leading educational principles.
Normal schools today aim at developing
the originality of the student. They aim to
avoid dead mechanical work.
In the 'main department of the
association, Professor G. W. Shaw read
on Thursday a very clean paper on thfi
topic "The State, The Community and The
School" The relation of these three was
clearly shown and the responsibility of these
to each other constitute the leading thought
of the paper. The special mission of the
school in its function of preparing citizens
for the state and desirable people for the
community was well presented. The paper
was well received and will leave its impress
for good with the teachers of Oregon.
A central feature of the meeting was the
exhibit of school work in the art room of the
Portland high school building. In this ex
hibit, there was a very good display of com
position work from the - department - of
English from the state agricultural college.
This work, done under the direction of Prof.
J. B. Horner, showed remarkably the qual
ities of neatness, good thought and clear
expression. - r
The session closed on Thursday evening
at which time the Hon. M. George, of Port
land, presented, at the close of a very hap
py speech relative to the good ' work done
education in the state, to Supt. McElroy,
in behalf of the teachers, a very beautiful
token of their regard for him. The present
was a Mvsonic jewel, beautifully engraved.
Mr. McElroy responded in a very neat
speech in which he briefly reviewed the
history of public school work in the state,
showing the growth it has had and the aims
of the department relative, to future im
provement. He expressed his recognition
of, the valuable assistance the teachers have
universally given in his work, and thanked
them for their confidence and appreciation.
Jndge Hufford, Commissioners Rickard
and Chambers, who compose the county
court," held a session of that honorable
body this week, and transacted a great deal
of business for the county. In addition to
routine matters, the judges for the June
elections, road supervisors for all road dis
tricts and 200 jury men were appointed for
service during the coming year.
1 The conclusion, owing to the extreme
hard times, was reached that there would
be no money tax levied for road purposes
and that for the present the roads would
be worked as before. " s
ANOTHER PIONEER GON E.
Peter Polly, at the ago,of 85 years, died
at the residence of his son, Joe, in Alsea
valley last Friday night.'- The deceased
was one of the early settlers of the country
and .was well and favorably known..- His
large circle of friends will regret to learn of
his death. -' - ; ..----..--..-
Everything in the jewelry line at Vogle's.
Sol Stock returned from Portland Wednes
day. Asa Alexander was in town again this
week spinning yarns.
Will Holgate is suffering with a severe atf
tack inflamitory rheumatism.
Mrs. Wm. Wright is visiting with, rela
tives and friends in Salem this week.
First-class cedar shingles, $2.15 per M at
F. J. Oberer's River Front planing mill.
Qui Vive encampment No. 26, will hold
public installation at the opera house to
night. Judge Fullerton held ' an adjurned
sitting of the circuit court at Toledo this
Rain, sunshine and snow were the order
of exersises furnished by the weather cierk
Studies were resumed at the public school
on Tuesday, and at the college on Wednes
day, of this week.
Miss Erma Lawrence has returned to
Oregon City, having spent a week with her
friends in Corvallis.
Prof. S. I. Pratt, returned from Portland
Monday, having spent the holidays with rel
atives and friends in that city.
The New Year ball given in honor of the
O. A. C. foot-ball team was well attended
and proved a success in every respect.
It is understood that Geo. E. Chamber
lain attorney general for Oregon will re
move to Portland to engage in the practice
Mrs. W. G: Emery and son were pas
sengers from Yaquina en route for Portland
Tuesday. During the absence of her hus
band she will make her home at Pullmant
The Pacific university foot-ball team re
fused to play the O, A. C. eleven. Perhaps
the fear of having their well-earned laurels
wrested from them is the cause of their
Taesday, January 2nd, Mr. and Mrs.
Wm. Uellatlev became the parents ot a
bran-new daughter weighing ten pounds,
thereby increasing the population of the vi
cinity of Philomath. .
John Moore has purchased a barber shop
in Dallas and will remove his family to that
place in a few days. Mr. Moore intended
to locate in Independence but finds a better
opening in the former city.
""B. F.Trvme; oYtheT Times', left last Sat
urday for Sprague, Wash., to be gone a
week. During his absence Robert Johnson
has charge of the pencil pushing depart
ment of the paper which he fills with great
M. H. Kriebel has been confined to his
room during the past few days from the ef
fects of arsenical poison gotten into his sys
tem in the preperation of some choice tax
idermic specimens. It might be said in the
connection that Mr. Kriebel has few equals
as a taxidermist.
G. M. Powers, for a long time the Salem
agent of the Webfoot Route, and now the
popular traveling agent of the steamer
Ell wood, gave The Gazette a pleasant New
Year call. This call is deserving of men
tion from the fact that a year's subscrip
was paid for in advance.
W. C. Tweedale, D. D. G. M. Patriach,
assisted by Orgeana Encampment of Albany,
wiU conduct the public installation cere
monies of Qui Vive Encampment Friday
evening. Invitations have been extended
to all other fraternal organization of the
city to be present. The exercises will be
gin promptly at 8 o'clock.
Ray, son of James and Sarah Robinson,
died at the home of his parents in Kings
Valley on Tuesday of this week. Last
spring he suffered a severe attack of typhoid
fever and after recovering somewbat, went
to Walla Walla in the hope of regaining
his health, but no good results were ob
tained by the operation and he returned to
Corvallis Monday and died ' the next morn
ing. A tramp appeared at the rear door of Em
mett Taylor's residence last Friday evening.
Mrs. Taylor was alone at the time and be
came considerably - frightened until tome
passersby were informed of the situation,
who gently escorted the gentleman to the
city bastile, where he was provided with
lodging for the night. . In the -morning he
was requested to leave and told that a
continued absence would not cause tears of
regret to flow to any coesiderable extent at
The regular monthly meeting of Corvallis
Grange No. 242, P. of H., was held last
Satnrday, at which time the following offi
cers for the ensuing year were elected:
Master, Prof. M. Craig; overseer, C. D.
Thompson; lecturer, Prof. H. T. French;
Stewart, Mrs. Jennie Thompson; assistant
stewart, D. P. Adamson; chaplain, Sister
Beach; treasurer, S. L. Shedd; secretary,
J. D. Johnson; gatekeeper, Prof. J. D.
Letcher; Pomona, Lena Willis; Flora, Kit
tie Emmett; Ceres, EfEe Willis; lady as
sistant steward, Gussie Casto.
Mr. Albert Favorite, of Arkansas City,
Kan., wishes to give our readers the benefit
of his experience with colds. He says:. "I
contracted a cold early last spring that set
tled on my lungs and had hardly recovered
from it when I caught another that hung on
all summer and left me with a hacking
cough which I thought I never would get
rid of. ' I had used Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy some fourteen years ago with much
success, and concluded to try it again.
When I had got through with one bottle
my cough left me and I have not suffered
with a cough or cold since. I have recom
mended it to others, and all speak well of it.!
60 cent bottles for sale by Graham & Wells.
NEW YEARS DAY.
January ist Fixed by the Coun
cil of Trent Under
A year is the lapse of time which the sun,
from having its place over either tropic
moves to the other and returns, or (what is
the Same thing) starting from the equator
at the vernal equinox of our hemisphere it
performs its complete circuit to the ver
nal equinox again, is, from the circumstance
by which it is thus defined, termed the
tropical year; and because it is the period
recognized in legislation and history as the .
year, it is called the civil year. Its mean
length is 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, 49.7.
seconds. Most civilized nations have
adopted, as their mode of ' reconing, ' the -tropical
year which was directly derived
from the calendar of the Romans. In at
tempting to devise a pel feet calendar, the
chief difficulty in the way of exactly con
forming the circuit of the months te the
tropical year, has consisted in the extremely
incommensurable fraction of a day over the
365 which the natural year presents. For
convenience, the civil year must begin with
a day, and must contain some number of
complete days. But if any number of com
plete days is maintained invariable, the
effect must be in time that the days and
months gain or loose on the season and the
latter are, during the lapse of long periods,
thrown successively into all parts of the
civil year. Such was the want of harmony
between the early Roman civil year and the
tropical, that in the time of Julius Caesar, -the
months in which spring occurred were
those originally belonging to the season of
summer. Historians have variously stated
the Roman year to have contained twelve
and ten months. The latter was probahly
at first the real number and began with the
month Martins (March). An ; attempt was
made to correct the variation growing up
between the civil and tropical year but ap
pears not to have been accomplished. Mean
time, however, the month Januarius and
Februariny had been introduced, making
the year twelve months in length; but the -beginning
of ike year which was intended
to occur at .the winter solstice, had receded
until in Caesar's time it actually took place
some seventy days previously. In 46 B. C
Caesar, aided by the astronomer Sosigenus..
undertook to correct the , error and added to
the current year the number of days
requisite to extend it to the winter tiolstice, .
ordering that its length should be 446 days;
The next year and all following were to
have the length of 365 days,' but for con
venience the fraction was to be introducd in
the form of an additional day every fourth
year. Thepontifices who subsequently en
forced Caesar's rule mistook his intention
and in 8 B. C. three days too many had
been inserted. At this time Augustus in
terfered and corrected the error. The error
of the Julian calendar was in mnking each
year eleven, minutes and ten and one-third
seconds too long. This excess in 400 years
would amount to about three days. The
desirableness ef such a correction of the
calendar as would keep the religious festi
vals in the same part of the tropical year,
that is, in the same season, as that in which
they were fixed by the council of Nice A.
D. 325, had been for some time discussed,
before it was finally decided on by Gregory
XIII, under, the authority of the council of
Trent. The Gregorian reformation was at
once accepted by Italy and Spain and sub
sequently by all countries. . ' .
"Ring Out the old, ring in the new,
Ring happy bells across the snow;
The year is going, let him (to;
Ring out the false, ring in the true."
New Year's Dayl This, the first day of
the year, has for many ages and in various
parts of the world been celebrated as a re
ligious festival. The Romans ' made an
especial holiday of it offering sacrifices to
James, whose principal festival occurred on
this day, and taking care that all they ,
thought, said and did should be pure and
favorable, since everything was ominous for '
the occurrences for the whole year. They
appeared in the street in festive garments, '.
exchanged kindly salutations, and gave to
each ; other presents. This custom of be- '
stowing presents was made by some of the -
emperors an important source of their per
sonal reverence, until modified by u decree
'pi the emperor Claudius. The early Chris- -
tian emperors, however, continued to re
ceive them, notwithstanding they were con -demned
by the ecclesiastical councils on ae
coune of the pagan 'ceremonies 'at their .
presentation. t f
The bestowal of ' gifts on New Year's day '
was not peculiar to tne , itomans. l ne
Druids distributed branches of the sacred
mistletoe as new year's gifts among the
people. Henry III of England, is said to
have extorted new year's gifts, and Queen
Elizabeth's wardrobe and . jewelry were
probably almost wholly supplied from these
annual contributions. Under the Tndors .
and Stuarts new year's gifts were given and . '
received with mutual wishes of a happy
new year among all conditions of people.
Tenants sent their landlords capons, and
ladies received presents of gloves or pins,
or in lien thereof a compensation in money,
whence the terms "glove money" and "pin
money." In England the ringing in of the
new year from the belfries of the churches
is now the only open demonstration of joy
at the recurrence of the anniversary. In
Germany many ceremonies derived from .
old superstitions -are- in' vogue. In the
city of New York the day is made the oc
casion of social visits by gentlemen among
the families of their acquaintance a custom
dating back almost to the settlement of the
town by the 'Dutch, and which has been
imitated with more or less success in cities
and towns throughont the JUnited States,
but is gradually becoming less fashionable.
The legislature of Oregon has recognized
this holiday and enumerated it among the
days when no judicial business may legally
be -transacted. . New Hampshire. Rhode
Island and Massachusetts are the -ouly;
states whose legislatures have failed "V
recognize it as a non-judicial day. .