Weekly Ms Gazette. FRIDAY MORNING, OCT. 23. 1885. OFFICIAL PAPER FOR BENTON COuriTY Entered at the Postoffice at CorvallU Oregon, as secoud-claas matter. THIS PAPER will 1 found on file at the following named places, where advertising niav be contracted for at our regular rates: C. W. LOMLEK&Co., Advertising: Agtnts, Portland, Oregon. L. p. FI8HKK, Advertising Aget t, San Francisco, California. GEO. P. ROWELL &Co Advertising Agents, Ha 1 Spruce Street, New York City. J. H. BATES, Advertising Agent, 41 Park Row, Now York Citv. If W. AVER & SON, Advertising Agents, Philadelphia, Pa. A special election will take place in Yamhill county on November 3rd, t fill the vacancy caused by the death of Hon. Henry Warren. Judge B. F. Benham, of Salem has been appointed consul-general at Cal cutta, by President Cleveland. There is a charm of $7500 per year in the position It is quite likely that E. J. Dawne, recently appointed UnitedStates Judge for Alaska, from this state, will re turn, as it is thought his name will not be sent to the senate. Arizona democrats are very much worked up over the report that secre tary Bayai-d was endeavoring to secure for his son the appointment of secre tary of Arizona. The faithfuls in Ar izona think it outrageous that Bayard should thus pension his wayward son off in this way on them, and especial ly when there are so many who want the office for themselves. During last session of our legislature a 8trifewas gotten up and agravated by the influence of certain Railroad Cor porations and other parties by antag onizing the representation from the country against Portland, and vice versa, and while we are not prepared to say naught but what there were some grounds which had a tendency to bring about antagonizing influences, yet at this time it is very improper. Such antagoniz nizing offorts kept up or indulged in by republicans, can only result victori ously for the interests of the demo cratic party. Democrats in the legis lature are particularly interested in keeping up a strife between republi cans, realizing that "a house divided against itself must fall." And certain railroad and corporation influences con sidered it was also to their interest to keep up a strife among republicans. Republicans should unite upon some good man of ability and with unflinch ing republican principles no matter whether he be a resident of Portland or Ashland. Portland is a part of Or egon and so is Corvallis, and an honest man elected from either place will en deavor to represent his state at large in the senate of the United States as favorably as his judgment and ability will permit him, in order to do justice to all parts of bis state. A recent Washington dispatch says: "A prominent democratic senator gives it as his opinion that the result in the Ohio election was "a warning to Cleveland that he would better stop his blank nonsense and do as other presi dents had done, and as all persons, ir respective of party, expected him to do, give the offices to his political friends." He did not care to have the depart ment cleaned out of republicans, but thought that when changes were made democrats should be appointed. He had gone to the White house to day, expecting to find Cleveland either ugly or humble, but had found him neither. The president appeared to be in a self satisfied mood, and while the Ohio el ection was not referred to in their pres ence he did not act as if he had met with any disappointment. He had beard thai the president intended to let things drift on as they were going, until be was entirely separated from the working majority of the party that elected him to power. The result of the Ohio election, the senator believed, would aid the republicans to carry Jfew York and Virginia, but he did not think the president would regard any ' such warnings. Cleveland was such an infernal egotist as to believe that he was the only man in the coun try that knew what was right. Noth ing can be ascertained of the views of the president, and it is believed that he baa not expressed them to any one If be has done so it is only to his confi dential friends who dare not quote him It is not believed, however, that the Ohio defeat will cause any change in bis treatment of his candidates for ofQce, The New York Tribune has a long article giving details of Whitney's at tempt to break down John Roach, de claring it a scheme to coin political capital. It concludes: "The case of the navy department and John Roach places that element of democratic ad ministration very properly by the side of Vilas and bis foreign mail jugglery, Manning and his commercial inanipu l.itions, Bayard and his consular ser vice for personal friends, and Garland and his telephone interest." An extra session of the legislature has been called not only to transact some important legislation but also for the purpose of electing a United States senator. Owing to the peculiar situa tion of the national affairs and realiz ing that Oregon needs some one of highest ability and with unflinching re publican principles to represent her in the senate of the United States for the present Senatorial term, ninety -nine out of every one hundred republicans of Benton county are unanimously in favor of the election of Geo. H. Will iams to that important position. Such being the case all of our republicans should impress their sentiments to this effect upon our representatives who go to the legislature to represent the people. Not only should they inter view our o vn representatives on this subject but they should also impress their views on republican senators and representatives from other counties whenever opportunity is afforded them. While we have no ax to grind for Mr. Williams and while he is no more to us than thousands of other men in this state, yet the experienceand familiarity which he acquired of national affairs during his stay in the United States senate at a time when the ruling ele ments of the democratic party were en deavoring to sever this government, and also during the trying time of re construction, pre-eminently tits him to look after and guard the interests of this country when those same elements in the democratic party have gained the ascendency with the reigus of government. It has been suggested by a great many persons that if railroad and cor poration influences had kept hands off and not attempted illegitimate and im proper means of influencing tLe last legislature, that a United States Sena tor would have been elected last ses sion; that much important and more careful legislation would have teen ac complished. A large proportion of the people believe that. Ben Holiday at one time, many years ago, tried to run the legislature and politics generally, along with his railroad and steam en gines. His schemes proved a failure which is precisely what he ought to have expected. It would therefore seem like those who succeed in the management of railroad interests of the state should take warning, and profit by his darly bought experience. VVh'le people favor railroads and corporations where they are managed within the scope of business purposes, yet there is nothing which can become more unpop ular with the people than railroad or other corporations which dabble in politics, and endeavor to influence gov- ermental matters. In fact, political railroads and political corporations are very dangerous things to permit in a government by the people. The legis latures, should pass strict laws with se vere penalties, an 1 also provide for the forfeiture of all franchises where rail road or other business corporations ap proach the legislatures to interfere with the action of that body in any way or where they attempt or do interfere with the popular elections of the peo ple. It was never intended that business corporations should ever interfere with the popular government and will of the people, and the fact that they do, convinces every reflecting person very firmly that the day is near at band when the people will be overriden bv these unscrupulous money grabbers, or else the people will have to arise in the majesty of a just indignation, and so throttle all such interfering corpora tions by placing them under the penal ties ef just laws which will confine them to the legitimate purposes for which they were created. Canvassers. Two or three ladies and a like number of gentlemen who are experts in canvassing and who desire work of that kind and who cau furnish reliable reference as to their capability and reliability to attend carfully and honorably to work entrusted to them can perhaps rind some thing of interest to them by calling at this office. A new Ketchum wagon, three and one half inch, for sals at a bargain at Woudcock ft Baldwin'. INFORMATION WANTED. Editor Gazette: In the Leader of the 15th inst. appears a communica tion from the gifted pen of our esteemed citizen Mr. John C. Applewhite, in which our protective tariff and Amer ican manufactories are assailedas being the principal causes of the hard times throughout the country. Being an inquisitive schoolboy and having for a teacher an old schoolmaster who does not .teach Free Trade in his school, I am anxious to learn more of Mr. A s reasons for holding our manufacturing industries responsible for the present depression. Mr. A., possessing a wide range of knov 'ledge which study and experience have bestowed upon him, is undoubt edly qualified and sufficiently generous, to impart to others the information ac quired by his patient research. In view of this I will take the liber ty of asking Mr. A. a few questions, feeling confident his solution of them will prove of interest not only to my self, but also to a large circle of readers who are not favored as Mr. A., in pos sessing a thorough knowledge of this question of protection of American in dustries. My questions are as follows: 1st. When and for what purpose was the system known as protective tariff, first inaugruated in our country? 2nd. Were any other industries ex cept that of manufacturing, included in the pi otective system, adopted at that time? 3rd. During what years in our his tory, have tariff laws teen enacted and in what years have they teen repealed? 4th. What has teen the financial condition of the country, immediately following the repeal of the tariff laws? 5th. What is the amouut of capital invested, the value of raw material consumed, the number of hands em ployed, the amount of wages paid to employes, and the total value of the manufactured products, annually, of the United Stites? 6th. Upon what authority do you base your assertion, that "two-thirds of our population (60,000,000) are en gaged in agriculture V 7th. Upon what authority do yon found your statement that "the agri cultural products of this country are not protected by the tariff, but are com pelled to compete with the pauper la bor of all other nations ? ' 8th. If there is no protection af forded our agriculturist, what was there to prevent the "merchant who sailed from New York to South America,' from purchasing a cargo of South Am erican wool and returning with it to New York ? 9th. Please state the rates of duty levied upon imported ores and miner als, such as gold and silver ores, plati num, tin, plumbago &c ? 10th. If protection creates high prices and fosters monopolies, will you please inform us why manufactured products are as cheap, if not cheaper now, tlan at any other period since the formation of our government i 11th. If the manufacturer grows rieh under protection, why have so many become bankrupt within the last two years, and why have so many fac tories been either compelled to shut down entirely or to run on one-half or one-quarter time 1 12th. My theachev tells me that Great Britain is a Free Trade country and has great manufacturing industries, unprotected by tariff. Are times better there than here and do employes in factories receive tetter wages there, than they do in thia country ? 13th, Ireland is an agricultural district of Great Britain, are times flush" in that country under free trade and do laborers receive tetter wages there than they do in this coun try ? (My old teacher tells me that the principal crop raised in Ireland, is "Sheol," and that largequantities of it. are admitted into the United States free of duty.) 14th. Oregon newspipers, and bus iness men who visit our state from the East, tell us that we need manufactor ies in Oregon, to assist in developing our resources. Do you believe that manufactories could thrive here with out protection ? 15th. From your observations of free trade and protection and. also of different governments, do you believe that a oountry devoted to agriculture and free trade, is stronger in time of war with all its ports blockaded, than is the oountry which under protection, is enabled to produce everything it needs? Respectfully submitted "Schoolboy." BURNETT & JOHNSON, Proprietors of the WHIST AND BILLIARD ROOMS, Constantly on hand the beat brands of Tobaccos and Cigars in the market. Fruit, Nuts Confectionery Ice Cold Prinks, Etc. CIVE US A CALL. Main St. Corvallis, Oregon. OCCIDENTAL HOTEL. Corvallis, Oregon. CANAN & GIBLIN. PROPRIETORS. THE OCCIDENTAL is a new building, newly furnished, and is first class in all its appointments. RATES LIBERAL. Stages leave the hotel for Albany and Yaquina Baj Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Large Sample Room on First Floor for Commercial men. 19-35-1 J H. Lewis, E. E. Bauer. Levis i ?ii)p.'iotirs. tM Do a general Draying Business. Orders Solicited. 0. B. STARR'S ira? feed aad m STASIS. (South end Main Street.) Charges Reasonable, Satisfact ion Guaranteed, Corvallis, - - Oregon. W. C. Crawford, JEWELER. KEEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND A LARGE assortment of Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, etc. All kinds of repairing done on short notice, and all work warranted. l8:33-yl J. B. Lee, M. D. G. R. Fakka, M. D LEE & UR , 3?hvsicians, Surgeons And Accouchers. Corvallis, - - Oregon. 20-aitf y INOENT HOUSE. O. " RTIS, Proprietor The best dollar a day House in the city. CORVALLIS, - ORECON Corvallis, Yaquina, San Francisco VIA Oregon Pacific R' R. and STEAMSHIP LINE. Trains on and after Sept. 14th, Leave Corvallis Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, 10 a, i, Leave Yaquina Monday, Wednesday and Friday, 8 a. m. R TES Between Corvallis g San Francisco First-ulass and Cabin passage $14 00 " Steerage " 7 00 Grain per ton 2000 lbs 4 50 Thus saving to the farmers and merchants ot cue valley Thousands of Dollars. Willamette river boats will hereafter con nect with trains at Corvallis. This new line is prepared to transport all the freight and passengers ottering. WALLIS NASH, Vice Pres. CHAS. C, HOGUE, A. G. P. & F. Agt. . Corvallis, Oaegon. AUGUST ENIGHT, CABINET MAKER, UNDERTAKER. Cor. Second and Monroe Sts., CORVALLIS : ORCGOX. Keeps constantly on hand all kinds of FURNITURE Coffins ard Caskets. Work done to ordsr on short notice and at reasonable rates. Corrallii July 1, 1881. 19:27yl. NEW TAILOR SHOP. FRED. LA UCHLE, Proprietor. )One door south of Rose Bro.'s Cigar Factory. ) CORVALLIS, - . OREGON. ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED. Cutting, Cleaning & Rtparing A SPECIALTY Satisfaction Guaranteed. Leave Orders. THE MUTUAL SELF-ENDOWMENT A 1STD BENEVOLEN T ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA, Grand Central Office, Fort Worth, Texas. SAM CTJNDIFF, President. E. M . MACY, Secretary B. W. BROWN, Vice-Presilent. A. W. MORRISON, Treas. Chartered under the fcw -Tex. SiJj tfU. tat, U PACIFIC COAST DEPARTMENT. OFFICE: No. 7 Powell St. Corner Market. San Francisco OFFICER H WN H AwYrd L2! t,Br?RN" PreBident' Si KE,L8EY,' " Sacramento. Tiee-Preside.,. w. H. WAKD, becretarv , J H. KISSHL, Sr. .Superintendent PROF W, K. TAYLOR, M. D., MedicM Director, PACIFIC BANK TrVaSirer CAPT. J. N. LEONABD, State Supt., f ortlsnd, Or. The object of this Association is to provide endowments for living men ben as ell if benefits for families of deceased members, at the least cost consistent with perfeet security, I irsuinr lailTI aa well as death benfit certificates. The plan embraces two forms, lile and death. One pays at the death of a manner and the other cava n Ave equal installments during life. The association is operated on the mutual plan. It has no stock holders to absorb its earnings, and no trustees among whom to uivide its surplus. The total membership r.f the association now amounts to nearly 14,000 with a steady increase each month . The association has disbursed to dat. s570,03.02 in benefits to the legatees of tieceaf ed mem hers, and on maturing coupons. Is loanine from fiftee to twenty thousand per month to li-inc members REVIEW SIJffCE ORGANIZATION. Receipts since organization, . . t5"0,236,06 Disbursements since organization, - . 570 038'o2 Valance on hand, - - . . oqj Qg Coupons paid, - . . J . 80,600 Agents Wanted in every county of the Pacific Coast. F. M. Johnson, Resident Agent, - Corvallis, Oregon. City Stables iDaily Stage LinE FROM ALBANY TO CORVALLIS. THOS. EGLIN, - - Proprietor. On the Comer West of the Engine House CORVALLIS, OREGON. HAVING COMPLETED MY new and commodious BAHN, I 'am better than ever pre pared to keep th Having secured the contract to i-arrying th Unltorl States 9f Corvallis tr .Albanv For the eusuiue four yeai ill leave Corvallis eai T StOT fC TCltO O'lfPICO PADDIACG morning at 8 o'clock, .v:ng in Albany abaut Df-Ol Ut ICAlf.O Djjjlto. 'WUUUHOEO o'clock, sod will startf.. n Allan) at 1 e'etock intho afternoon, returning to Corvatli about 3 c'cloik This tine will I e prepared with good tun-, ai u tare ui drivers and nice comlortable and SADDLE HORSES TO HIKE. At Reasonable Rates. OT Particular attention (riven to Boarding Horset. Horses Bought and Sold or Exchanged. PLEASE GIVE ME A CALL. EASY RICIKC VEHICLES For the accommodation of tho ISAVE1.JKG rvni.it. Wheat and other Grain Stored on the best of Terms liy T J" - BLAIR, (OR VAL LIS SACKS FURNISHED TO PATRONS. Farmers will do well to call on me before making arrangements elsewbt re 18-27-Tl THE BENTOiJ COUNT? REAL ESTATE ASSOCIATION Office: Corvallis, Oregon. . S. WOODCOCK, Manager. rriTJ TO ASSOCIATION will buy ard sell ali classes of Heal Estate on rea sonable terms and wiilthor I JfJ 1 oughly advertise by describing each piece of property entrustedto it for sale. The follow ing pieces of property will be sold on extraordinarily reasonable terms: SAW MILL Undivided $ interest in a m n.n bj stock FARM 320 acreB, about !0 in cultivation water, a good planer and seven acres oi .d ncta'jjge acres tan be cultivated, Ulactes of gxd fir si d in connection with the mill. Power ruffici to jpra oa, timber, the balance gocd trass land. Sn ail Ism ail f the year, situated handy to market a witninifortable hourr ndlarn. it li sdjoinirt an ii.tx- about 7 miles of Corvallis with an excellent good haustible c.u range, n.akil r ere of the best sink road to and rom it. Terms easv- FARM Farm all under fence only 2J miles from Corvallis of 150 acres, 80 acres now in cultivation, the rancrcs in Lenton ci.untv. biti-sicd al cut 10 n.ilca south w est oi t orv allis. 1 rice 1600. FAKJI A faim of 136 teres of land situatid balance of it can be cultivated; about 20 of it now in D1je tiom Corvallis. in 1-ivn tcui.ty, Cr. All i.i.ctr wheat with a fair house good burn and gtaatty.tfaiacee. fca acres oi rich b lt m hid in cultivation will be sold at a bargain Terms easy. jftj acres of irood fir. as. ard n.sple tinlc-r; "J teed . . , bouses. 2 cod orcl.alds aid to !.c d clh witht FARM-Farm of 478 acres for less than 18 pel. Tern,.: per acre, half tuA c.v.1. . acre being one of the cheapest and best farm. in I ne ,'., secut.d by Bentoi. county, situated 4 miles west of Monroe, i of rt f a mile from a good school, in one of the best neigh-(mcr,8ak u''" "ie l"m- borhoods in the state with church privileges handy. I LOTS Two unimproved lots in CorvallU. One of About 180 acres in cultivation, and over 400 can be tne choicest building places in the city lor sale eas cultivtaed. All under fence, with good two story onabie. frame house, large barn and orchard; has running I water the vear around, and is well suited ior stock! ALSO Four unimpreved lota except fenc and dairy purposes. This is one of the chcapest-iarms ed in Corvallis, Or. The choicest building place i in the Willamette Valley Terms easy. (the city for sale reasonable. THOMAS GRAHAM, Druggist and Apothecary, AND DEALER IN MISTS, 011$, TARNISHES, BRUSHES, GMSS, PCTTT, TRUSSES. SHOULDER BKAOES, TOILET ARTICLES C. A full line ot B' oks, Stalione'jr and Wall Paper. O-r drugs are treli an-1 well selected. Prescriptions compounded at all hourt. 19-27yl The New Steam Yacht 'TRESSA MAY' Is at your dis? osal for the season of 1885. Being manned by careful and competent officers and crew who will exert themselves at all times to oblige vis itors. Chai ters a Specialty. Bates reasonable. For terms appiv to CAPT. F. E. DODGE, Manager. Newport, Oregon. 21263m LUMBER FORSALE! Well seasoned and in the Ware, house, a fine lot of dressed FLOORING, RUSTIC, OASIXG- Oct. Any party purchasing 5,000 feet or over, may have the same at $24.00 per M. Enquire of T J. BLAIR.