The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899, October 23, 1885, Page 3, Image 3

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Scenes Within the City Just Previous to Its
Fall Graphic Story of One of the Be
sieved The Traitors in the
An Egyptian soldier, who had been
through the siege of Khartoum, re
cently related the following: incidents
of the affair to the military correspond
ent of The London Daily News at Korti.
His story is a continuation of one al
ready published:
"We were besieged thrice, and thrice
we defeated the enemy. We killed
many when we attacked Onidurman,
but more came on Hkc swarms of flies.
Having killed some, their numbers
were forthwith trebled.
"I forgot to say how Omdurman
was taken from us. It was thus:
Hicks Pasha built a big trench round
it well, perhaps, it was there when
you came. Gordon built an inner one;
or perhaps it was the reverse. At any
rate there were two rings. The rebels
crept in between the two and weie
thus protected. Then they cut off the
little garrison's water. Thus was Om
durman taken.
"Gordon lived alone with his servant
in his palace. Power Bev lived in the
Genesi (church of the Roman Catho
lic mission), to guard the ammunition
which was kept in the cloisters. He
superintended the making of powder.
Col. Stewart used to superintend the
taking out of the powder and its dis
tribution; and was also engaged in
looking out. Such was our daily oc
cupation in that city, whose kismet
was already written.
"Yes; they used to fish, as in your
time, with hooks and nets, and catch
those great fish with heads like cats
and long whiskers the kakaross.
"We still had tobacco and shoes, for
there were shoemakers in the city.
We strolled when off duty through the
bazaar as usual. Some would gam
ble with dominoes: some drink nieris
sa, and the young men would dress to
please the young girls with cane
under arm aud cigarette in mouth.
Bargains would be struck, and houses
sold, as if the end was not. 1 am told
it has been so with great cities in time
of siege. It was so, a Jew told me,
with his city in Svria. Do not blame
me when I dwell on this; I am a dif
ferent man. Have I not lost a wife I
had only one and children? With
the young girls, too, there was plaiting
of hair and anointing with butter, and
ornamenting necks, ankles, and arms
with gold chains and shells. They
would sit in the bazaar selling onions
and eggs and melons and butter and
sweet-meats up to the day I left, and
would laugh and joke with their ad
mirers, and courtship would go on, like
butterflies, heedless. Wc went to
mosque, too, crowds of us, and the
'zikkah' was said (in remembrance).
We pray for departed spirits that
they may be in luxury. "Why no:?
Gordon's paper notes went round like
cash. They were looked upon as
money. They were mostly 1-piastre
notes; others for 5 and 10 piastres (a
real, or guinea) up to 500 piastres.
All mine are gone. 1 spent them in
the desert, where 1 would buy water,
a cup for 10 piastres. The schools
went on as usual, Mohammedan; also
at the Genesi, till the priests (Italian)
"The little German tailor, Klein,
remained till the last; twenty-five
years had he resided in Khartoum.
His wife and four daughters remained,
too. They did not go with Stewart,
I am sure. There were several white
women there when I left daughters
of Europeans by Abyssinian wives,
whom they had bought. There were
two or three ladies at the Austrian
consul's. I think all these hod so
many families ties that they would
notleave; besides, Gordon always said,
"The English are coming." 1 do not
kuow that your coming would have
altered matters: for this 1 tell you
advisedly the will of God says it.
"There were traitors in our midst;
they met and took counsel together
against Gordon Pasha. He was warn
ed, but said 'Suffer it to be t-o.' The
plan was to deliver over the city
whenever the English drew near. The
number of traitors increased, daily as
they got hopeless. Another thing, and
this decided many: After the battle of
Aboo-Klea the rebels went down and
collected all the helmets they could
find. They showed these to us, wav
ing them outside the trenches, and
saying: Thus and thus have we eaten
up the Feringhees." Thus even faith
ful men were sorely tempted and be
came sick at heart. At night the en
emy used to be often at the south end,
at speaking distance and we used to
revile each other. We were called
the cursed rebels who speak evil of
the fathers and mothers to the third
and fourth generation. We would
call them '"sons of dogs' and shout:
"Allah foou rou Gehenna, ye rebellious
ones; malediction on your fathers; de
part to Gehenna;' and they would
make answer: 'Ye are slaves of the
infidels; ye, too, are infidels, as you
do not believe in our book. We will
eat you up and wipe you from Hie
face of the earth of Allah." Thus and
thus did we call out to each other
during the long night. The Eaglisli
stayed too long at Metemneh; per
haps had they gone on at once the
gates would not have been opened;
but still I tell you treachery was plan
ned long before. The rebels eanie
ver at right: -or at any rate before
dawn, when Tenza and another
opened the gate.
"The last river trip was made up
Tujerar Mahaba. He had on board
two Krupp guns. He started at 7 a.
m.; at 10 he met a nugger full of
rebels. They had a gun. They fired
at each other for an hour. At last the
rebel boat sunk. He was still under a
heavy fire until he readied Sliembat.
At Bon the rebels had onp Krjpp gun.
four guns higher up, and one mitrail
leuse or Nordenfeit. He ran aground.
Here he is; he will tell you the story."
A tall, stout black here entered my
tent and kissed my hand. He were
mtval uniform three stripes oil arm
and Gordon's medal. "Hal" I said,
referring to these, "you at least have
kept yours." The others had been
celling their lead medals given by Gor
don in camp. 1 deprecated this much;
but the reply I invariably met with
was "If I don't buy it some one else
will." "I," said the captain (he was
the chief of all the boats), "would not
part with mine for 1,000." He con
tinued: "The last words Gordon said
were, 'Bring the English when you
come back, if only three or four;' but
I was never to see him more. I have
left my wife and children at Khar
toum! He has told you 1 sank the
rebel vessel. Well, I was fired at from
all directions. I rammed her. I had
150 soldiers on board; she had plenty.
Down they all went it was a glorious
sight. None escaped. On passing
Kezaree I was fired at by 150 riflemen,
but continued my voyage till I got to
to Gebel-el-Sheik-el-Taeb (the good
sheik). The shots fell short. On the
river, near Mashed-el-Hamak (don
key's pasture) six hours from Khar
toum I went upon a rock; then three
mountain guns opened fire on me.
Three hours afterward the steamers
came, the Boudain, Telehoweah Te
pagny, and Sophia. Troops were
landed, and we killed many Arabs. I
used to be captain of Hicks Pasha's
ship, and flew the pasha's flags.
Many times I've taken you down to
Omdurman, and I saw you up at
Kowa, but you were on shore. Gen.
Hicks was very kind, but I was a
small Seiss then. If Gordon had lived
I should have become as high as this
tree pooh ! I have left a thousand of
Gordon's notes at Khartoum with my
famils7, and all my clothe3.
"Latterly the chief men of the town
were traitors; all were concerned in
opening the gates. They were afraid
of starving. This I tell you, and I do
not lie. All the white and the black
women are now made slaves. My
poor wife, I shall never see her asrain.
When I say white I mean also those
whose mothers are Abyssinian and
fathers European, and there were
some Turkish ladies who wore the ach
met, wives of officers; all will now be
slaves. I have hnished. 1 must leave
A Fall in Silver.
A slight depression in the money mar
kets of this country was caused on
Friday of last week by the sudden
withdrawal from circulation of a large
amount of specie in Milwaukee. It
caused quite a flurry and alarm at the
time, but it is to be hoped that it will
soon be restored, and no permanent
evil results folio w.. The circumstances
Alexander Hi board, a sixteen-year-old
Jefferson street operator on small
change, had practiced various feats of
prestidigitation until he became quite
expert. He could not duplicate the
tricks of the late Signor Rlitz, or
Heller, but could manipulate his hands
so dextrously as to perform many de
ceptions for the amusement and won
derment of the boarders where he
lived. He is also said to be a great
joker and full of fun. Soon after din
ner Friday he took a silver dollar from
his Docket not the regulation "buz
zard" dollar, containing 412J grains
of silver and worth 100 cents, but the
larger "trade" dollar, 420 grains,
worth eighty-five cents and essayed
to make it vanish, in which eflbrt he
succeeded only too well. Giving it a
dextrous flip upward, he caught it in
his mouth, intending to drop it in his
sleeve unperceived, prefacing the per
formance with the remark: "Here goes
for Waukesha!"
So far everything went according to
programme, but when he attempted
to pass the dollar to his sleeve which
he did with remarkable, promptness,
not caring whether the trick was dis
covered cr not he found that the
large coin had slipped down his oeso
phagus or trachea, presumably the
former, and was, "though lost to sigafc
to memory dear.' The show was ad
journed sine die, and various physicians
summoned, none of whom could get
their instruments on to the piece, al
though they probed industriously and
scientifically for a long time.
It is a very peculiar case, although
not entirely without a parallel. It is
on record that a man once swallowed
a five-franc piece, which is nearly as
large as a trade dollar, and it passed
into the intestines; and people have at
various times swallowed sets of
artificial teeth, (so "they say,") and
therefore it does not seem likely that
the termination of this accident will
prove fatal, especially as silver will
not corrode and cause otood poison
ing. Still it is not a pleasant thing to be
carrying around in the body when so
much can be bought for 85 eents uow-a-days,
and besides, the Government
wants to call them in and remelt them
as soon as practicable.
It is almost unnecessary to add that
we hope the lad will not suffer anything-
more than a short period of pain
and fright, and that no severe surgical
operation will be necessary. There is
one thing about it. While the silver
dollar is where it is, it is comparatively
safe from the burglar who is doing
business in this city, as he has not
yet used a stomach pump in his prac
tice. For a long time it was a question
whether a person could catch a base
ball thrown from the top of the Wash
ington monument. At last a profes
sional base-ball cttcher made up his
mind to try it. The first attempt was
unsuccessful. In fact, they all were;
but the. cateoer, nevertheless, dis
played a great deal of pluck. When
the hall first touched his hands, the
force drove hina about three feet into
the ground, and thought for a moment
that the tower had fallen over ou him.
Kind friends disinterred him. and he
tried it again He has been out of the
hospital for several weeks now, but it
is douUtful whether he will be able to
catch" far his nine this season. Peek's
Space Writing.
It is considered quite chic and tony
now by some newspaper and magazine
writers to separate the sentences ol
their articles by three stars, thus:
Others use, instead of stars, a 3-m
dash; but the unprejudiced reader
must admit that in either case the prac
tice is "snide."
I'iia Jiost Effi -Tent Ways of Protecting Lives
ami Valu-tule Pro pert.' from Tornadoes
.Minor Topic.
A Germn rbemis'. sdvestiees that he will
furnish Koel.'s comma bacillus the supposed
Infective gerai of cholera "ready mounted oo
slides lor popular ue in microscopes." As
there set-mi to be fom; foundation for Prof.
Koeh's statement that these germs, though
harmless when dry, recover their activity when
moistened, the "popular"' mieroscopist wilt
do well not to foo! with the slides during this
summer at leat; he might accidentally drop
one of them into a pitcher of drinking water.
Some of Herr von Bulow's English admirers
are getting so weary of his maunerUms that
they have not hesitated to declare that man
wants but little Herr Billow, nor wants that
little long.
jSee any authority.
-Peck's Sun.
Current Coin.
It is rumored that Sullivan, the slug
ger, will never slug any human being
again in a ring.
The only difference between "going
a-fishing" and "been fishing" Is in the
number of back-aches and self denun
ciations. The man who intends to camp out
next month should begin to prepare
for it by sleeping in the back yard
and eating raw meats.
"One fool less" was the general ver
dict over the fate of the New York
jumper the other day. If such fellows
can stand it, the public can.
Some people are trying to make
themselves believe that "a cold May
means a warm November." That isn't
consolation enough to pay for a ton of
Forepaugh's elephants are so used
to the railroad cars that every time
they hear a locomotive whistle they
begin to scrooch to clear the top of the
It is rather curious that no one has
yet claimed to be the originator of the
phrase: "Painting the town red."
Perhaps it slipped in when nobody
vas looking.
You can have a star named after
you by handing any astronomer $225
in cash. They have formed a ring and
set their figures, and will pick you out
one without any flaws.
Joe Blo.ssom, a Florida colored man,
left his boot-heel in an alligator's
mouth the other day, and he says a
reptile which can't calculate closer
than that ought to go hungry for a
Maj. Burke, who retires from the
directorship of the Exposition, has
used his fortune and broken himself
down physically to carry through an
undertaking which appalled all other
A New York State dairy maid has
succeeded in milking nine cows in
twenty-eight minutes, and that with
out being kicked once. She'd proba
bly go through her husband's wallet
in live seconds.
Carter Harrison may not reap a
cent from his libel suits, but he must
feel a bit proud over the figures. He
is the only man in America who has
ever had $800,000 worth of fun before
According to some scientists the
genuine man lived about 3,000,000
years ago, and the present generation
is composed of a lot of leavings and
peelings not worthy of mention in a
first reader.
A package of $23,000, carelessly
wrapped up in an old newspaper,
knocked arouud in a passenger coach
on the Wabash Road all day, and a
porter finally took charge of it under
the belief that it was some drummer's
old coat.
"I want you to understand," said a
French judge to a prisoner who seem
ed inclined to laugh, "that this charge
is serious quite serious. Indeed, you
are suspected of having poisoned six
people, and I can't look upon it as a
trifling matter indeed, I can't" De
troit Free Press.
It is one of the modern innovations
originated by some literary dude whose
ideas do not flow smoothly, and he has
to take breath every few lines and let
his ideas catch up while he makes
those marks with his pencil.
The compositors like it, of course, be
cause it makes "fat" for them but what
would one of the old-time essayists like
Washington Irving or N. P. Willis
have said about it? They would have
remarked: "Fol-de-rol!"
Probably the more advanced of
these "litetary fellers" would not be
content to put their marks all in one
line, as above, but would iiave four in
one line and two underneath, but they
look bad enough as they are.
We don't know how the style of
paragraphing articles referred to
strikes the average reader, but it has
about the same effect on yours truly
that it does to get fooled into reading
an interesting item which shows its
teeth toward the end as a pat. med.
It is all right to separate different
items on various subjects under a gene- j
ral heading by three asterisks, a 3-m j
dash, a "pony" dash, or any other I
device which will not shock typograp- I
hie propriety; but the "kick" is on
breaking up a well-written article,
which hangs together like a bunch of j
bananas, by squeezing in the unneces- j
sary marks, until the piece resembles j
a link of sausage.
T 'f 1 1 T 1
The legitimate use of the star or
asterisk is: 1st, as a reference mark,
; 2nd, to indicate an ellipsis or omis
sion of a word, words, phrase or sen- !
tence. ( )Frequently used in
giving extracts from speeches, when
it is desired to only present the most
salient points. 3d, to indicate a lapse
of time, in which case a whole line is
printed, thus:
An interegnum of anywhere from
one to fifty years is supposed to have
occured here, during which the absent
lover has had all manner of strange
adventures, while the heroine has
waited patiently, hoping against hope
that he will yet return and evervthing ;
will be lovelv.
" t t II 1
No good argument can be advanced ;
for the use of these divisions of an
artiele; it is simply a waste of time,
ink and paper, gives a sort of jerky
appearance, which is extremely dis
tasteful to the reader, and causes the
impression that the writer didn't
know when to stop.
Protection from Tornados?.
The officers of the s'gnal service re
Rommend per.-ons who discover that
they are in front of a tornado aud
directly in the path of it to make their
way as quickly as possible either north
of south. If the cloud is three or tour
miles oil when discovered it is general
ly practicable to net beyond the path
of it before it reaches the place where
the observer stood. Under no circum
stances should one move to the east,
northeast, or southwest. Many fool
hardy acts have been committed (per
haps through fear and excitement or
positive ignorance) by persons which
have resulted in death or terrible in
juries, because they have tried to run
in front of the tornado cloud, thinking
they could outstrip it in such a race.
Others have attempted to cros the
path just ahead of the advancing
cloud, feeling that they could reach a
safe distance on the opposite side be
fore the funnel-shaped monster passed.
In one of our late storms a person es
sayed this trip with two horses and a
lumber wagon, confident that he could
at least rush his horses across the ap
parently narrow path of storm which
seemed to progress within such cir
cumscribed limits; he was instantly
killed, one of his horses dreadfully
mangled, the other seriously injured,
and the wagon a total wreck.
Since we cannot resist the power of
the tornado, the question now suggests
itself, what precautionary measures
can be taken? That which remains to
be done can be accomplished in an un
ostentatious and quiet, but secure,
manner. Every man can and should
construct a "dug-out" at some suita;
ble point, within a convenient distance
of his house. If a person is situated
within a town or city, let him select
some portion of his yard for the pur
pose; but if residing in the country he
will not be conned to narrow limits
in the selection of a desirable location.
Where a person living in a village has
no yard, he must, if he has a cellar,
construct a cellar-cave, a3 a means of
protection, to be described further on.
With respect to the "dug-out," in no
event should the roof be other than
level with the surface of the earth; in
fact, it is highly desirable that the re
treat should be so constructed that
the ordinary surface of the earth
would form the roof or covering, and
that all preparations of the domcile
proceeded by way of excavation and
supports from beneath. As to location,
there is not much to be said, the im
portant points being: convenient dis
tance, a high, dry place, and possible
opportunities to excavate into the
northern or eastern slope of a knoll or
hill. In the latter instance the en
trance way would suffer less from
the violence of the storm, providing,
perhaps, that it did net entirely en
velop your retreat, for in that event,
in the whirl of the flying debris, all
sides alike would be at the. mercy of
the winds. Having decided upon the
location, as regards your house or
other buildings, prepare to sink a
shaft, say four to six feet square, the
entire depth of your "dug-out." From
either the northern or eastern (better
the former) wall of this shaft cut out
a stairway leading upward to the sur
face of the earth for the purpose of
ingress and egress. On the side of
the shaft opposite the stairway, com
mence the excavation for the inclosed
retreat. The size of the room will, of
course, depend upon how much you
may at any time wish to secure from
injury. Better have the excavation
too large than not large enough. The
slight difference in the expense of time
and labor may, perhaps, be the means
of saving a great deal when you least
expect it. The entire room should be
below the surface of the ground a dis
tance of at least three feet, and the
overhanging roof of earth should be
supported from beneath by heavy
timbers, to provide against any emer
gency like dashing of heavy debris or
the tramping of horses and cattle up
on it.
In the event of a tornado, your re
treat ("dug-out") may be entirely
buried beneath huge piles of debris;
therefore everything must be made as
secure as possible. The entrance door
should be made of the heaviest timbers
and supported between casings of sim
ilar strength of construction. Ar
rangement should be made to secure
the door by heavy fastenings. In or
der that ventilation may be provided
for, two box spouts, squaring eight
inches, should be let through the roof.
The top of these spouts must be level
with the surf ace of the ground and pro
tected by iron gratings. Ventilation
may also be provided for by openings
through the upper portion of the door,
and these also should be protected by
iron gratings. The "dug-out" should
be large enough to contain your family
and such personal effects as are con
sidered most valuable. There are
many instances where persons have
lost verj' valuable articles, even large
sums of money, from supposing that
if such things were placed in securely
bound trunks or boxes they would be
perfectly safe. There are cases where
iron-bound trunks and even iron chests
(not the regular merchant's safe) es
pecially made to secure valuable arti
cles, have been crushed or torn to
pieces, and the contents scattered to
tne winds. A heavy safe might resist
the force of the wind to the extent that
it would not be broken open, but it
may cost you several hundred dollars,
and even then you must prepare a
"dug-out" for your family.
There is still another kind of under
ground protection which can be pre
pared to advantage, if you are pro
vided with a cellar, either under your
house or store. Having the cellar, cut
an opening (sav, six feet high and four
wide) into the "west wall. Carry the
excavation , to such an exfent under
ground us to provide sufficient room
lor vour family and valuable personal
eteet. The roof of this cellar-cave
sljrmtd be compassed of at least three
feet (in depth) of the undisturbed sur
faiSi earth, and supported from be
neath by heavy timbers. In every was
ir should be made as secure a-! the
dug-out." Hie provisions for ven
tilation may be made thvough the roof
or entrance door, but in either case
well protected by iron gratings.
In ease you are possessed of a build
ing that lias no dutr-out or cellar-cave,
your best plan is to move from your
house, or from the lacation where you
are, as directed in the previous sec
tions. If not able to benefit by these
directions, retreat instantly to your
cellar, and place yourself face for
ward against the west wall. This is
the best position in any cellar. If for
any reason you can not get to the west
wall, take your position (the next best)
face forward against the south wall,
but as near the southwest corner as
possible. In case the building is re
moved from its foundation, it will al
ways be carried above and over you,
or, if torn to pieces, the debris will be
instantly removed to the eastward.
Under no circumstances, whether in a
building or a cellar, take a position in
a northeast room, in a northeast cor
ner, in an east room, or against an
east wall. Remember that the torna
do cloud invariably moves in a north
easterly direction. Persons have been
instantly killed or terribly crippled
for no other reason than that they ig
norantly threw themselves in the very
gasp of the monster cloud.
The rule regarding the movements
to the northeast must be obeyed. The
northeast quarter is a fatal position,
whatever may be said about destruction
to life or property in any other. If,
unfortunately, you are close pressed
by the advancing cloud, never remain
standing and attempt to weather the
storm, but throw yourself prone (face
downward) upon the ground, head to
the east, and arms over the he id to
protect it. If you should chance to be
near a large stone or stump, or some
heavy, low object firmly imbedded in
the ground, take a position directly to
the east of it, lying prone upon the
ground, head toward the object, pro
tecting the former with your folded
arms. This advice is given in the
event of extreme necessity, where
other and better opportunities are un
available or have become forfeited.
It is better, if possible, never to trust
yourself behind any movable object
located within the center of the storm's
path; by all means not a tree or any
thing that rises some distance above
the serface of the ground. If you can
get out never remain in a house, or
any other building that is at all likely
to be torn down or removed from it3
foundation. If forced to remain in a
building without a cellar, always take
a position against the west or south
wall (better the former), either prone
(face downward) upon the floor or
standing with your back to the wall.
In any building, always take your
final position on the first or ground
floor or in a cellar. Never stand or
lie in front of a door or window, or
near a stove or heavy piece of furni
ture. Make every effort to get into
the west room and, if possible, before
the onslaught, remove all furniture
from the western portion. If you have
the necessary time, shut tightly every
window and door in the building with
in which you -may be located at the
time of the storm. Never take refuge
in a forest, in a small grove of trees,
in an orchard, in a building, or near a
fence of any kind, unless such obstruc
tion is entirely out of the line of the
storm. If possible, always open the
doors of your out-br:'dings and let
you stock loose, driving them to the
north, as before directed. Chicago
Minor Topics.
It is said a drop or two of kerosene
on each of the little hillocks made by
ants will disperse them.
Enough land in the United States is
owned by foreign syndicates to fur
nish 250,000 families with eighty acres
of land apiece.
H. B. Gartner, of DeKalb, Ind.. has
found that 100 pounds of skim milk
will produce 6 pounds increase in the
weight of small hogs.
F. D. Curtis says there is too much
pig pen and not enough pig pasture.
A pig yard is a compromise, but a
poor exchange for a field where the
pig can get a chance at green grass
and fresh earth.
An easy way to kill plantain, dan
delion, and other weeds in a lawn, is
to place a little sulphuric acid with a
stick on the crown of each plant, car
rying the acid in an open-mouthed
bottle with a long haudle, so as not to
touch it with lingers or clothes.
It is reported that the northwest
will be obliged to look principally to
Arkansas and Texas the present sea
son for a supply of peaches. The last
three years have not been prolific
peach "seasons in the west. What
Michigan will supply is not yet
An Englishman says of the agricul
tural resources of the Soudan : There
are hundreds of thousands of acres
that will grow anything in the world
sugar, maize, cotton. There is no
limit to the produce that may be tak
en from the soil without manuring or
costly cultivation.
There are now three large sorghum
sugar factories in Kansas. Last year
they produced 600,000 pounds of sugar
and 150,000 gallons of syrup. The
product was manufactured from 19,
000 tons of cane. It is estimated that
each of the three factories will soon
produce 1,000,000 pounds of sugar an
nually. Prof. Maynard says that the straw
berry in a botanical sense is analogous
to an ear of corn; that as the cob ex
ists merely as a receptacle for the ker
nels, so the pulp edible part of a
strawberry, exists merely tor the sake
of the little seeds which
dot its surface. The Rural New
Yorker wishes the "cob" of the straw
berry was several times as large.
No green manure should be placed
in contact with the roots of any trees
newly set, but an' kind of manure
may be spread on the surface and cul
tivated in. The best way is to pre-pai-e
land by liberal manuring a year
in advance of setting trees. Then
they will find an abundance of plant
food in suitable condition for imme
diate use. High grade iertiiizerff, es
pecially hone .ind potash, arc always
afa to use broadcast in orchards, for
any varieties of trees.
The National Stockman says: In
culling the flocks include all the un
dersized, flat ribbed and weak con
stituted sheep. No matter how well
wooled they mav be they are not per
fect sheep, and should not be perpetu
ated in the flock. About as good dis
posal as can be made of the culls is to
fatten them on grass. The sheep can
be fattened very rapidly as well &
cheaply on good grass, with the aid of
some grain twice a day, and the local
butchers will as a rule pay a fairprice
for such muttons.
With any amount of hard work
ahead, which must be done, it is very
necessary that farm horses should have
the best of care. Feed them all they
want, but don't give too much corn.
Good hay cut up and mixed with bran
and meal, about equal parts, is a fine
ration twice a day. If you have been
far-seeing, a few bushels of oats have
been saved up for a part of the noon
feed. See that the harness does not
chafe them, and especially watch the
collars and don't allow them to hurt
the shoulders.
The wrinkled varieties of peas are
more sweet and succulent while green
J;li an the smooth sorts, and are less
hardy for early sowing. Having more
... ....... :n , . ,. .3 : f:. 1
to dry without injury to their germi
nating powers. It is quite probable
that if carefully and quickly dried,
spread in thin layers, the wrinkled
peas would have much greater germi
nating power than most of the seed
bought at stores possesses. If left in
even small heaps before being thor
oughly dry the seed is injured.
Grapevine mildew, says the Garden
er's Monthly, can be prevented by
soaking stakes on which the vines
twine in a solution of blue vitriol. A
recent experiment, where such stakes
were mixed with others not soaked
throughout the vineyard, showed that
in every case where not soaked all the
leaves were entirely ruined, while
those in the soaked stakes were
healthy. A weaker solution of the
vitrol was not so effective. The effect
of the soaking gradually dies out, bat
will last from four to six years.
The Michigan Farmer says: "Front
reports received from many of the bee
men throughout the state, it is safe to
say that fully thirty-three per cent of
the bees are dead. Many express the
opinion that the past winter has been
the worst experienced in this state for
twenty-live years. The warm weather
in April did much damage, followed:
as it was with severe cold. Many col
onies have starved to death. It looks
as if bees would be in demand this
season, and many will undoubtedly
stock up from the south. The losses
will result in higher prices for honey
the coming winter."
The Old, Old Story.
Country people are always in sea reft
of bargains. Auction sales in the cities
attract a good many farmers, who
come with there wives to look alter
bargains in furniture and horses..
They look over the list of auctions and'
And that a gentleman who is about go
ing to Europe, offers his splendid fur
niture and carpets for saie. Here is a,
chance for bargains. The faruje-rIs-.
wife takes her husband and his pocket-book
and sroes to see the handsome
furniture sacrificed. Every bid she-
molrae iu rQiaoil K c t .n i (' man v i t h i
red bottle nose, handsomely colored
and knobbed all over by ram. The
lady wonders why this man wants
every thing she wants, and sets her
mind on beating him every time "the
nasty red nosed thing. She gets',
mad"; "her dander's up," so-to speafe,
and she gets all she wanted, and a
great eal more, in spite of the remons
trances of her scared husband.
"Well," she says, "Mrs. Jones will
open her eyes now when she sees the
blue satin parlor set, and the best bed
room set, and the gorgeous carpets,"'' '
mat tne goous never were owneo. oy
nnvr iwanlamon innrt td IVi i r.iti.j lint o i". t
r.rii.shvriihhish st.liok toofer.hfttt with t 1 BAs
the blue satin is cotton and fades al.'tms,
and the carpets are mere "skins.'.' It
is all bogus. This trick is played every. .
day, and the red-nosed man is a fraotf
who never buys any thing, but makes
his living by "raising bids" day after
day. Avoid all auction rooms and?
horses which are "the property of a
ceased, was in the trucking tirade;''
The ungrateful city is what the Rodocj
poet called it, and what was true two
thousand years ago, is true now, be
cause human nature is always the
same. And this is precisely why his
tory repeats itself in small things as
well as gr,eat. If a farmer or country
dweller goes to a city in search of bar
gains, let him or his wife always go to
a reputable store, and never, nkvek,
NEVER trust a stranger; or he will be
sure to find out how ungrateful the
city is to the men who feed it and
supply it with business. American Ag
riculturist. The Farewell Symphony.
In 1761, Haydn was appointed
capellmeister to Prince Esterhazy , a
wealthy Austrian noble. His patron
i . .T. n ii .1 K.j ii 1 1 ( t'n (XII I tl t .1- u Ik'i t rokuik
in addition to its natural beauties, in
cluded two theaters for musical re
hearsals, and so lovely was the spot
that the prince arrived there earlv in.
spring: and staid until the end o
autumn. It made the members of the:
orchestra very unhappy to be so long;
away from their families, and Haydn,
who had plenty of leisure for composi
tion and musicians enough to perform
his works, was the only happy one.
He loved and sympathized witb the
men, and at last he wrote for them bis
"Farewell Symphony." They were
very home-sick, and, as the prince
showed no signs of leaving, Haydn hit
upon this novel plan to make him re
turn. In this farewell symphony tbe
instruments, one by one, cease playing.
At its performance in the prince's the
ater, as soon as a musician stopped, be
left the stage. The prince showed his
appreciation of the music, and tbe
joke by returning to Vienna and allow
ing tne mus:e:ans to return to ineir
homes. From Ilach to Wagner." fcy
Ayuthu Tan s, in HI. Nxciiolas for Jxate.
iif'n . i m : .'is ill :l iimihi: i. iri ittr it
piven kind of ".sofulnetB he is always :a ue
mauil, and t'io Wf-Tki willtnke poer work from
him si out than il will goo i work from ao un
kuown laborer. Junto Olole.