Pndlished every Friba. Morniug BY M. S. WOODCOCK. SUBSCRIPTION RATfcS: (Payable in Advance.) F-erYear 2 SO Six Month 1 5" Three Months; 1 00 Single Copies We Per Year (when apt paid in advonce) 3 00 All notices and advertisements Intended for pub cation should be handed in by noon an Wednesday. Rates of advertising made known on application. Misdlansaus Business Cards, M. S. W30DC3CK, A-ttornev " at - Law, CoHVALUS, - - Op.F.10S. A A VOL. XX. COUVALLIS, OREGON, APR. 6, 1883. NO. 15. r KELSAY St KEES A-ttorneys - at - Law. Cokvallis, - - Oregon. 19-22-yl. b. H. FABRA, M. D, l?h.ysio:an Surgeon. nF?IC3 OVER GRAHAM, HAMILTON & CO'S F. J. Hendrlchsoti, Boot and Shoe Maker, Philomath, Oregon. I always kep on hand superior ma terial bm warraiu i..y wOrK. l m (jxaiiiiiiation of Bay ixxls before puivi.a.siiig' elsewhere jl-;t2lyr F. J. Heuirtchscm. LADIES WISHING TO LEA UN Tllli lruy Store. Corvallis, Oregon T. V 3, EMEREE, Eft. 0., IPh.y sic .: ii & Surgeon. Office 2 doors south of H. E. Harris' Store, Corvalli , - - Oregon. Residence on the southwest corner of block, north and west of tno Mtthodist church. 1921-yrl. F. A. J3HNS3N, 3?h.ysician, Siargcon, Ani E'ectrician. Chronic OUeaies n ads a epeexalt'. Catarrh suc esifully treated. Also Oculist and Aui ist. y.flce in Fl ier's ;Uck, one door Wet of Dr. F. . Vincent's dentil i S jc. Oifice hours rom S to 12 & fro.a 1 to d o'clock. 13:27yl F. J. ROWLAND, Blacksmith & Wagoninaker, PhHornath, Oregon. Mr. Rowland is prepared :n Jo all kinds of wagon -matcing. repairing and blackpntithMBg to order. He UMSs the best of material every time and warrants his work. l-j-32-lyr W. a Crawford, J E W jg L E 3 . KSKPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND A LARGE aflMrtsafltft of Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, etc. A'.l kinds of repairing dons ou short netted, and all work warranted. Igj&J-yl Rinker Systom of DiOui 20.Um3 tuning will please call on me as I am the only autlior ed aent in Corval rs. W. H. Huffman. F. JdL. 00 C3 19:46 ru3 3 C-3 r3 CTLJ CTj" GO LEGAL L A N I FOR SALE AT 1HIS CITIC FRAZER Axle Grease. EL . E . IJ A i 11 1 S. One Door South of Graham & Hamilton's, COUVALLIS, . . OKEGON. Groceries, Provisions, DRY OOODS. Cora.'Ilis. June 2. 1S32. " 19-19yl Best in the worM. (Jet the genuine. Ev ery package has ourtr.-vle-mark ami is mark ed Frazer's. SOLD KVERYWHEKK: 50y E. H0L5ATE, A-ttorney - at - Law, Corva'xis, - - Oregon. SPECIAL attention jiven to collections, and money collected promptly paid over, Careful and prompt attention given to Probate matters. Con veyancing and searching of records, &c LOANS NEGOTIATED. Wl giro a.t-intion to Waylay, selling: and let-ing real nUU, and cductt a jsaeral csllectin and buai 1M1 agency. Olflce oa ju-n 1 Street, one door north of Irvin's hoe shop. 18:43yl CORVALLIS Photograph Sfallery. PHOTOGRAPHS FROM MINATURE MFK SIZE. TO First Class Work Only! Copying in all branches P firewood talceii at cash prices. uce of all kinds and E. HhlSLOP. E. a TAYLOR. DEHTIST The oldest established Dentist and the best outfit in Corvallis. All work kept in rssHftf fre? o? ciar-rc and satisfac on (writMt Teefl extracted without pain by heu.eof Nitrous Oxidt Gas. yitoo-ns up stairs over Jacobs & Neutrals' new Brick Store. Corvallij, Oregon. I9:27yi Ko Minefals Rarely Vegetable. NATURE'S TtF.WKTlTES THE REST. Malaria. Biliousness. Jjyfpepsia, Heai acbe, Pains in the B i :k. Neuralgia, an'i all those Hise&es ansiug from the functions of the Stomach ing deranged from weakness or excesses. TRY IT sor.r EVERTW H ERE . 20:12 m-3 PORTER, SlESSiHOER & CO, Manufacturers and -Jobbers of THE CEESSATEO BOOT & SHOE. These Coeds are Warrant ed not to rip. All Genuine have the trade mark '-IKOJf CLAD" dtamped thereon. 117 Battery Street, San Francisco, Cal. t- GOODS FOR SALE AT MAX FRIENDLY' S Corvallis, Oregcn. Pr da-v at nome- Samples v.orth tb free Mt . Addrsej S t . a sod Co. , fortUnd,!!. 8 AGftiCOLIURAL IMPLEMENTS m We have in stock the Dorintr Twiiu Hifti rs. Dm rint; and Standard Mow-rs, Minm-sota Chit-i Tiinslieiv, Morrison Plows, Minnesota Giant and Stillwater Engines, El wood mounted Bone-Power, Centennial FknonM; n'ill, cel ebrated Buckeye line of Seeders and Drills. We also keep the celebrated Whitewater and KeU-hum wagons. june2yl W. BE MIL Lil OL L A X D. OCCIDENTAL HOTEL. Corvallis, Oregon. CA:,AN & GI3LIN, PROPRIETORS. THE OCCIDENTAL is a new l.uiMing, newly furnished, and is first class in all its appointments. RATES LEBEf?AL. Stages leave the hotel for Albany and Yaquina Bay Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Large Samnfe Bcota oa First Finer far Cusssiercial JIcc. 19-35 ly C. W. PMiL&mC'A, GENEEAL Cooifacior and Bridge Ilder, AT Corvallis, Oregon. Will attend promptly to all work under bis rhurge. 19-7yl J. W. HANSON. MERCHANT TAILOR BENTON COUNTY. Description ef Its Appearesce t-l Freust Coiditiaa by Voting Prwinots. AND DEALER IN R eady Mud e Clothing, Next door South of Post Office, COUVALLIS. - - - . OREGON. Pantaloons made to order of Oregon Goods for $7-60. English Goods, 511. French, $14 KS Suits from $30 to $60. TS Cleaning and Repairing: done at reasonable Rates llfc51yl AUGUST KHI0HT, CABINET MAKER, UNDlcTAKER. Cor. Second and Monroe Sts., t'ORV.VLLES, : OBIEGO.'V. Keeps constantly on h.-;nd all kinds of FURNITURE Coffins and Caskets. Work done to order on short notice and at reasonable rates. Corvallis, July 1, 1881. 19:27yl. Written Expressly for the gazette fcy a Tnirty Years Resident ef the Counts'. . SOAP CREEK. PRECINCT Is located in the northeast portion of the county and extendi from the noi-th line of the county to Corvallis preciuct, a distance of 4 miles from north to south, and from the Willam ette river on the east to the divide to wards Kind's valley being miles from east to wet. Along the Will aruette river which runs on the east of the precinct i3 a strip of timber con sisting of cotton-wood, fir, ash and maple timber with an undergrowth of hazle and vine maple, brush. The soil along this kill is a rich alluvial and wherever brought into cultivation yields adundant crops. Away from the river the pncinet consists of roll ing hills interspersed with valleys and level plaids. Soap creek rises in the chain of bills on the west near the southwest corner of the precinct and flows in a north easterly direction and empties into the Willamette river near the northeast corner, at first the bottoms are narrow .ind timber covered hills rise on eacli side but at the distance of 3 or 4 miles it emerges from the hiik and thtn flows through a level plane skirted with a narrow belt of timber. The land along the Soap creek is of the black sticky nature difficult to cultivate but yielding excellent crops when weil put in. . The precinct throughput is well adapted to grain growing, llie native grasses have al ways yielded abundant feed so that stock raising has been an important item with the farmer, but not so much now as formerly, as much of the grass lands have been broken up and sowed in wheat. Land rates from $10.00 to 830.00 per acre. Fir timber is abund ant on the head of Soap creek and along the Willamette river and also on some of the hill sides. Oak timber of excellent quality is found on most of the hiil iands. There is we believe at this time no saw mills iu the precinct, the supply of timber being mostly de rived from King's valley mills. There is a good mill site near the head of Soap creek with a good 'supply of good timber near at hand, and certainly a good market for limber. The road from Corvallis to Albany runs down the river and a like road extends on through the preciuct. A road branches from Corvallis and Al bany road an. I runs to Independence. A road runs from Corvallis to Mon mouth along the foot hills with a branch to Lewisville. The general course of these is north and south. There are numerous cros roads run. ning east and west leading in the di rection of Albany. The Western Ore gon railroad runs through the precinct with, a station at Wells 1 1 mils from Corvallis where is the post office, 1 general store, 1 warehouse for the storage of grain, 1 blacksmith shop, and i church house belonging to the Evangelicals. There is no saloon and no intoxicating liquoi-s sold, the pale of such being prohibited by a stipula tion in all the original deeds. There is still an opportunity for taking a few Homesteads in the hills along the western portion of the pre ciuct. The Baptists have a tine building situated on a sightly eminence about 2 miles east of Wlls station. Among the substantial men are James Gingles and Tolbert Carter -who have each represented the county in the State Legislature. These' men have been a powerin the community, always taking high grounds, and being fore most in every good work tor the im provement of dociety; but in mention ing these we would not detract from many oi their neighbors such as John Wiles, the late Francis Wrighsman, D. H. "Vanderpool, Drury Hodges and many others; these are all prominent and substantial farmers. Many old timers will remember Tampico, situated on the old pack trail of the olden time, just south of the crossing of Soap creek. This 25 years ago was a place of considerable im portance, and noted for the high carn ivals held within its bar rooms. But the glory of Tampico has departed and oROUP. HOOPIXO noniiH .mi nrnnMn t mediateleJyrieyedbyahyloh'icur Bold by Qrahsia for years past it has been turned into a pasture, sad only a few tumble down unoccupied buildings remain. Ths popmlatio of the precinct is about 600. There is what has fer years been knows, as the Gingles school koee, atwui a mile east of WeJlSittatiosi; " era other school house in thefilli a few; miles west of Albany near Mr. WilK iamsons and near the Albany ferry and what is known as the Halter school house. In these schools are regularly kept. The following contains a list ef the naniea of persens paying tax upon pro perty in Soap creek precinct and the amount of tax paid by each as shown by the last assessment roll of Benton County. Win. Allphin. estate of 1 60 TI103. Armstrong 53 83 Geo. Betnis 72 96 J. Bryant 64 D. A. Blake 23 55 G.W. Brown 26 52 P. H. Bowman 25 28 Mrs. E. Brown 27 92 James H. Brown 44 71 G. A. Brock $ 40 SaipVlBeal 53 53 H. -Bker 17 John Creel, estate of- 10 03 W. R. Callaway 199 42 Tolbert Carter 158 57 W. L. Gauthorn 5 48 D. W. Ool.ins 16 00 Corbitt & Macleay 9 60 Eugene Dodele 9 96 P. . Dodele 32 32 G. H. Dodele 133 39 Janus Gingles 66 84 Sarah Gingles 15 26 J. M. Moore, estate of 35 84 D. R Hodges 120 99 Jos. Hecker 51 70 H. Hewitt 42 51 WaJber Teal 112 00 Wib, Hale, estate of 104 00 K. 0. Hill 144 00 J. L Halter, estate of 29 46 I. J. Holman 35 12 Wiley Holman 117 80 John Hannon 22 40 John Harcrater 14 40 A. Johnson 82 28 H. Johnson 13 78 T. Kelly 16 94 H. M. Kelly... 4 36 R. D. Murray 40 00 J. H. Morns 33 61 J. S. Miller 26 68 J. H. Miller 45 52 G. A. Murray 2 40 W. H. Miller 8 85 W. T, Norton . .. 112 76 W. D. Prettyman. 22 40 Ashby Pearce 91 32 E. Philips 4 06 John Riley 12 80 Columbia Read 109 85 T. M. Read 159 69 W. Rumbangh 40 64 A. M. Rainwater 46 73 J. R. Rainwater 15 S Wm Ryals 56 09 A. E. Rainwater 17 00 D. W. Rainwater 28 S Miss Emma Rainwater 8 00 J. H. Rothel 113 82 J. M. Risley 21 33 John Rogers 69 36 Geo. Bidders... 4 90 T. M. Read, guardian 24 00 A. Snell 11 70 H. Skels 3 1 72 Perry Spink 12 00 J. J. Scraflbrd 8 80 C. Skeels. .. 14 42 D. D. Stroud - . 34 24 R. J. Taylor. 1 39 J. Thomas 44 80 J. Tomlinson... V 35 25 D. H. Vanderpool- ... 37 20 D. A. Vance 17 38 Christian Vass 23 99 127 32 13 00 15 04 355 43 53 72 99 12 98 25 80 80 40 80 00 80 85 C. M Vanderpool A. A. Williamson Mrs. L. Writsman John Wiles P. R. Williamson P. R Williamson Jr. 14 J. Wheeler 1 R. L. Williamson 5 J. O. Writsman 139 T. B. Williamson 6 A. Fleming 22 C. Dow 4 W. Armstrong 4 W. H. Johnson Q R. A. Habersham 4 T. S. Maxwell 8 B. Cutler.. 4 J. P. Davis , 7 John Prentice 3 25 W-Mcllree 3 20 John Barton 3 20 Total $4000 84 Tit O0O3 FELLOWS. Philadelphia Tinua. The worM is full of a class of men )optilarly known as good fellows. They are in every walk of lite, iu greater or less numbers, but are es pecially apt to occupy political po sitions and places of trust in money ed or commercial institutions. The good fellow has many amiable and attractive qualities. He has a pleas ant smile for eveiybody and a hearty graep of the hand lor all his acquain tances. He J'ates to wound anybody by saying no to th.'ir requests when the word yes is just as easy pro nounced. If he is in politics he has cigars and dunks for the boys as often as thf y want them. If he is batik cashier he is ever ready to accommodate his friends with loans to the full extent of his discretion ary powers without very strict re gard to their financial Boundnvw. He dislikes to stop people's mouths with security. His name heads the church subscription list, and the pt;or are load iu their praises of his liber ality. He delictus in making every body enjoy themselves, and, on the whole, is a develish good ftllow. . So everybody says, and what everybody says must be true. And being a good fellow, avenues to place and employment seems to open to him much more readily than to common mortals. II he runs for an office, he is sure to ba elected. The average voter .s extremely fond of the good fellow. It he is an ap plicant tor a public position, he can ;et more endorses on his petition than General Grant could. Every body wants to see him prosper, he is such a good fellow. He has no trouble in getting cashierships, con fidential clerkships, tieasurerships and in fact any place ot trust 01 profit he n.ay desire. All roads to prosperity seem to be open and smooth to the good fellow. People who enjoy bis acquaintance rarctly get envious at his good fortune, eith er. He ts such a go'd fellow that he disarm envy and captures criticism. With all this wealth of good - will at his command ard the advantage which popularity arc sure to '. ring, it would appear ihat the good fellow onght to proper and increase iu goods and graces to a green old age But he hardly ever does. If he is iu politics he somehow acquires the habit of spending the public funds when hia own are exhausted.- He drinks for companionship first, and ends drinking to gratify appetite. It be is a bank cashier he spends his t-alaf y aud makes np for its defi ciency by spending the money of the depositors. If he a Salesman he has an unconquerable tendency to put his hand in his employer's till. The outcome of his good-fellowship is an involuntary trip to Canada or Brazil to avoid tb minions of an uiifympaihttio law. Then every body declares that the aforetime good fellow is a vfTrv bad fellow. The temptation to young men to embark in the calling or profession of good fellows, is very strong. Bui it doesn't pay in the long run. There is no more pitiable sight in the world than one of these played-out good fellows. Poor fellow, is the kindest epithet which will be bestowed upon him, even by the best frb-nd he has left, while by the great mass of man kind he is denounced and cursed without Mint. It will , be belter for young men not to be quite such good fellows at first. They will last long er and be more useful in the end. ECOBOKY OH THE FARM. On the farm, and in all the various details of rural and domestic lit-, says the Gerrnautown Telegraph, prudence and a just economy of time and means are incumbent in an emi nent degree. The earth itself is com posed of atoms, and the most gigan tic fortunes consist of aggregaied items, insignificant in themselves in dividually considered, but mnjestic when contemplated in unity aud as a whole. In the t management of a farm all needlesrjc-fjtpenditure should be 8ystematiciUjjptvoided, and the income mado7 exceed the outlay as far as possible..- Pecuniary embar rassment should always be regarded as & contingency of evil heelings, aud if contended against with energy and preserving fortitude, it must soon be overcome. Debt, with little hope of its removal, is a mill-stone dragging ns down and crushing the life-blood out of us. Be careful, then-fore, in incurring any peculiar responsibility which does not present a clear deliv erance With the advantages which a wise use of it ougiit to. insure. "A farmer who purchases a good farm and can pay down one-third ot the price, give a mortgage for the other two-thirds, and possesses the heart and resolution to work it faith fully and well, enters upon the true path of success. He will labor with the encouraging knowledge thai each days exertions will lessen hia in debtedness and bring him nearer to the goal when he shall be disenthrall ed and become a free holder in its most cheering sense. But without due economy in every department, 'n the dwelling, as well as in the barn and in the fields, the gratifying achievement may not be reached un til late in life, or may be indefinitely postponed. A prndent oversight, therefore, overall the operations of a farm, in order that everything may Lbe done as it ought to be done and nothing wasted, will exert a power ful influence in placing a family on the high road to an early independence. Real Estate Agency J CORVALLIS, BENTON CO., OREGON Heal Estate Agents, will bny, sell, Of lease farms or farm property on commission. Having mate arrangements for co-opera tion with agenfs in Portland, and beim; fnl ly acquainted with real property iu Benter county, we feel aiuiured of giving entire sat sf;:ction to ail who may favor us Mh theis ipatronage. Cr. A. Waguonkb, aMfyj T. J. Bcfobi), The Gazelle Job Printing Office IS PRKPAUep YO DO ALL K O? WORK NRATLT. Tile Coming iTewspapcr. From the New York Graphic. Complaints are now made that many newspapers give too much reading matter. Or rather too little fact in too many words; too much verbosity and fine print; too much taxing of the eye to its utmost power of vision to read what is printed. People are dismayed at the amount put before them in the morning to read. It is predicted that the news paper of 1900 will be smaller than that of to-day, of larger type, fewer words, and more idea and fact to the line. VALUABLE TIN UCVF,IS3 IN ALABAIIA. From a late number of the Ash land Banner, Clay County, Alabama we learn of the discovery of large arn'l valuable lodes o.f tin bearing xocks, at the Broad Arrow Mines near that place. Within the last year Mr. G. W. Gesner, of this cny having secured propiietary rights to the above lands, has erected tnachin eay for crushing, stamping, and wash ing the ores, anil is now engaged in working on an extensive scale. The ore las hitherto been found chiefly fts a finely disseminated oxide in gneiss, as iu Germany and other localities, but indications strongly poiul to the existence of the compact oxide, cassiterile, somewhere in the lake. As the locality is readily ac cessible by railroads to Talladega, Alabama, and thence abuut twenty five miles to Ashland it is confident ly expected that this discovery and enterprise will be the means of at tracting attention to a section h'ther to little known. The country is well wooded T-tnd watered, of a mountain ous character, and eminently adapt ed for mining pursuits. " It is worthy of mention that tins is the first at tempt in the United Stales tn work tin ore ou the spot where found. A MEXICAN FYS ASUS. The pyramid which is the most memorable relic to antiquaries on the American continent lies a few "t miles to the w-Bt of Pueblo, OlA Mexico, and has been visited by every travel er of note who has interested himself iu the anl qiiities of the country. It rises sudden and unassocialed from the midst of the plain, built in pyra midaLform of adobes, or large un burned bricks, and though mutilated and overgrown with trees, the mas sive base and four stories ot the mon ument are nearly entire. Humboldt describes it as a work ot such mag nitude and vaslness as, next to the Pyramids of Egypt, approaches nearest to the mighty creatious of nature. Its height is 172 feet and the sides of its base 1,355', being 275 feet lower than the great Pyramid of Cheops and 627 feet- -logger. The brick material is interspersed with' layers of stone and plaster, opd the or by terricas. These again are as cended from bench to bench by reg ular and obliqu flights of steps, cut by the obi Spaniards, as a way t the little chapel on the platform ded icated to the Virgin of Remedios. En straightening the road from Mex ico to Puebla, it became necessary to traverse a portion of the base, when the section laid open an interior chamber, built of sUmo and rooted with beams of cypress. Iu it wera found skeletons, idols of basalt and a number of vases curiously varnished and painted. GOXW AND HOGS. An exchange says: From cam fully conducted experimensby differ ent persons, it has been assertained that one bushel of corn will make a little over 10 pounds of pork (gross). Taking this result as a basis, the fol lowing deductions are made, which all out farmers would do well to lay by for a convenient reference That: When corn sells for 12L cents per bushel, pork costs 1 cent a per pound. When corn cpjs?,: 7 cents per bushel, pork costi2 cents per pound. When corn costs 25 cents per bushel, pork costs 4 cents per pound. When corn costs 60 per bushel, pork cos',s,5 cents per pound. The following statements show what the farmer realizes on his corn when sold in the form of pork: When pork sells for three centa p r pound, it brings 25 cents per bushel in corn. When pork sells for 4 bents per pound, it brings 32 cents per bushel in corn. When pork sells for 5 cents per pound, it brings 45 cents per bushel iu corn. WET H5J DION!' TAKE IT. Not long ago an old pioneer, who lived in Texas in the days of the ear-' ly colonists, was boasting of the good old times. " Why, sir," said he, "I was offered league ot land for a pair of old boots." "Did you take it?" said the party he was talking to. "No, sir; I didn't.'1 "No account land, I reckon?" "Why bless your heart, sir, it wa the best piece of land out doors. Grass five feet high, clear stream of water running through it, and an un developed silver mine in one corner." "And why in thunder didn.t you make the trade?" said the other. "Because," said the old man, in a sad and regretful tone of voice, "Be cause I di.lu't hare the hoots." HOW TBS WESTERN CITIEEjCSOW. A western m in has been telling some Philade'.phians how western cities grow. He says he went off in to the mountains hunting, and, nigh coming i u, he went to sleep in a tree to be out of reach of the wolves. He vas awakened early the next morning by some workmen, who told him to get down and finish hia nap on the court house steps as i.hey wanted to turn that tree into a flag pole tor the hotel across the woy lie got down, and while rubbing hia eyes, was nearly turned over by a street car and got his feet tangled in an electric light wire. Philo" delphia News. A Hermit in a Georgia Care. Tal'oottom Now Era. J-ast week some negroes wero oul on a hill ch.stnut hunting, near the river beyond Pleasant Hill, in this county, and their dogs treed some thing in a cave in a secluded forest that proved to be a man, who ran off as the negroes approached. When they came up to his hiding place they found a small cave and the interior presented a coy retreat, well sup plied with bedding, cooking utensils, provisions, touacco, cigars, news papers and many other things, indi i eating that the occupant of the cava had come to stay and had inhabited this retired home for some time. A person who says he has tried it several times, and always with suc cess, recommends washing cows in tested with lice with strong (but no too strong) carbolic soap suds. Washing with strong tobacco water will have. the-, same effect. So greats ing" the parts affected with lard jnsfc1 gets away with the little pests. Any four torics connected with each ftth-j.oil will destroy Uce on cattle.