M&W CoriraUia' fectte. FRIDAY MORNING, StAK. 16, 18S3. Entered at the Poetoffice at Corvallis Oregon, as secoud-class matter. -EDITED BY- mz. S. WOODCOCK, tSATTTORSEY AT LAW. OFFICIAL PAPER FOR BENTON COUNTY WIGOIHS' STORM. Recent dispatches from Halifax nays of a general storm wliioh pre vailed about the temh throughout Canada and the New Eugtend coast as follows: Shortly after noon the breeze shifted to the southeast, and gradually grew in force. A few minutes after the storm signal was np at the citadel station, and people be gan to ptepare for the storm, steam ers and sailing vessels in docks were secured to wharves with extra haw sers, and merchandise in places of insecurity was removed to higher and safer quarters. No remarkable change occurred in the following two hours, but about 4 P. M. the wind quickened, and a light rain and hail storm commenced to fall. The clouds overhead grew ominoafcly dark. Hall an hour later the wind increased doubly in strength, and rain and hail were falling quite heavily. The fol lowing two hours this state of affairs continued, the breeze increasing to a cale. and howling overhead. Fear began to become general among wharf owners and proprietors of pro perty on the water line. Great ex citement prevailed. At 7 o'clock the ferry steamers to the mouth eeased their trips the last one occupying four times the usual time and being made with great difficulty. From that hour until 9 o'clock the ga!e t blew with terrible fury, causing ves sels in docks to strain fastenings and almost tear from them. The tide rose during the blow higher than known since the Baxley gale: At 8 o'clock it was nearly on a level with the wharves, and at 9, when the highest sea washed over, considerahle fear was felt for the safety of the steamer New Foundland, which was due between 8 and 9 o'clock, when the storm w as at the highest. At 8:30 the wind was blowing 37 miles an hour, and apparently growing in velocity. About 9 it calmed sud denly, and property owners and the people began to be more confident. SICK EOXSES FREEZE Sc. A correspondent from Polk county to the Willamette Jfarmer says There is much complaint among peo ple of having sick horses. New com ers are to be pitticd, but old settlers should have learned, by this time, what would be the consequence of that freeze. In , 1860-1 the people lost lots of horses after the freeze up. so again iu 1874-5 after the freeze up, and now again in 1883. Should we not learn from the past ? We don't pretend to know anything about the complaint, but are almost certain that the cause of it ia not drinking water enough.. Even when fresh dipped, or drawn out of a spring.or well, the horse shivers, and will not drink as much as he really needs. In that kind of weather a horse needs close attention, he should have bran mixed with his oats or some kind of roots; but, as we were out jitst tbetr of the j above, we fed to each horse a full nancitui or srrouna uaxseea with his oats, and the horses are ready for work as well as for their feed. We also bore a large bole iu each manger 3 -J inches deep, and fill up with salt and assatetida, and when empty we refill. We see there are soma people yet, who seem to think that fern hay is the cause of sickness among horses, but that is a great mistake, as we always feed fern hay and prefer it because it is fine, and horses like it best, but we have no sick horses Oregon has certainly a healthy cli mate for horses, but neither our stables nor our horses are prepared for such cold waves. Ground flax heed is perhaps one of the most use ful articles a man san keep in a stable. Wp find it good for fresh cows with young calves, as well as for horses. ior to Portland. Over 180 miles of this has beenjgraded, and all will be completed by September. AN SS-PEIEST. Some excitement has been caused in Lexington, Ky., by the prevention of a lecture on "Why I became a priest and why I ceased to be one.' by ex-Father O'Connor, now a pro fessed infidel, says the Cincinnati Commercial He had rented a hall, which was almost refused by the pro prietor who feared to loose the trade of Catholics. O'Connor was threat ened with death if he attempted to lecture, the message being conveyed by three men professing to represent five hundred. A crowd did gather last night and demanded O'Connor of the host of the hotel where he stayed, but he bad left. A number of advocates of free speech are try ing to get O'Connor to lecture to morrow night, and the ringleaders of the Catholic party still declare if he does he will be killed. Father Bowsath, the parish priest, disap proves of the action of those who prevented the lecture. LAND DECISION. Respecting the payment of pur chase money, nnder act of June 10th 1880, for the relief of sellers on pub lic lands, and to provide for the re payment of certain fees of purchase money paid on void entries of public lands. Secretary Teller holds that whenever an entry of -land is made by specific legislation, and wholly false, the script or warrant, being within control of the general land office, and not in fact satisfied, may be returned for proper location upon cancellation of the former invalid entry, but where the consideration is carried in to the treasury as cash, and can only be drawn by application under the the prepayment statutes, in the opin ion of the secretary, it is clear that it must be repaid in the manner provid- de by these statutes, out of any mon ey in the treasury not other wise ap propriated, and in cases of excess, where they fall within its provission? repayment of excess must also be paid, as it is provided by such mon eys. The local railroad losses by the fJoo 1, it is estimated, will range about as follows: Cincinnati, Wash ington and Baltimore, $75,000; Cin cinnati, Hamilton and DaytonJl,- 500; Cleveland, Columbus, Cincin nati and Indianapolis, $50,000; Cin cinnati, Indianapolis, St. Louis and Chicaero, $100,000; Ohio and Mis sissippi, possibly, $200,000; New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio, $30,- K)00; Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific, $2,000 Pittsbarg, Cincinnati and St. Louis, $1,000; Kentucky Central, 20,000; Cincin nati and Eastern, $15,000. Both the Mitchell and anti-Mitchell element at Salem confidently claim Al Crossman the lately ap pointed postmaster at that place on their respective sides of the fence. It is certainly an embarassing con dition for Mr. Crossman because both sides are canvassing the question so uncomfortably close that it will al most compell him to define his pos ition in unmistakable terms. In lhe 1 ist political campaign throughout most of the Oregon coun ties, direct opposition to the present school book monopoly was expressed by the people and a repeal thereof demanded ' by them and still the school book law yet remains on our statute book as a monument of one of the worst pieces of high, handed robenes that was ever perpetrated upon an enlightened people. RAILROAD FROM PORTLAND TO Vice-President Oakes informes enquirers that the contract fot the road bet ween Portland and Kalama has been signed with J. B-. Mont gomery & Co. Length 40 miles, to be completed September let. The Columbia river will be crossed by an iron ferryboat capable of carrying thirty cars at once, and which has been shipped In sections to Portland, to arrive September 1st. The ferry will be worked like that at Havre, de Grace on the Pennsylvania road some years ago. Besides this road there now remains 288 miles in Montana, vfiicfe,. when completed, will give tough connection from Lake Super. A politicians advice to his son-in law who had been nominated for office which will apply with equal force to the many candidates in our city for recorder, was as follows: "Lean a little towards everything and commit yourself to nothing. Be round, be perfectly round, like a bot tle, j.ust dark enough so that nobody can sea what's in yon. It is understood that the Canadian Government has consented to sub sidize a -direct steamship fine with Mexico and $50,000, will be placed in the estimate for that purpose. The Dartmouth College Sophomo res have been suspended for not telling who put lard on the Faculty chairs. The House Deficiency Bill this year is only $2,000,000,- as against $20,000,000 last year. Contraband opium to the value of $15,000 was recently seized at San Francisco. CONDITION OF CR0P3 The following from Chicago hand ed to us by . warehouseman, T. J. Blair of this place shows the condi tion of crops as collected by the Prime's crop bureau of Illinois up to last Feb 20th. GKNEBAL CONdVtIONS. The wide-spread storms of rain, sleet and snow which swept over the entire continent early in February, remained upon tbe ground from ten to twelve days and was followed by deluges of rain which carried devas tainon and distruction on all sides. The movement of grain from the in terior and also at our grain centres has consequently been very small, and the firm feeling which character ized the market at the date of our last private Crop Report, Feb. 8th, is still maintained. After heavy raip.s and mi'd weather for several days, the Weather suddenly changed and the mercury fell below freezing points, which tends still further to place the final outcome of the winter wheat crop in doubt. Recent cables and advices from abroad still confirm the opinions of poor crops in Europe during the summer of 1883. Late rains in California shows a better outlook for the wheat crops of that State. WINTBR WHEAT The extraordinary extremes which the winter wheat crop has been call ed upon to go through during lhe last fourteen davs have not so far told upon it as we might read ily ex pect. Practically the whole crops lies bare to-day. Where it was cov ered with thick sleet for fourteen days it shows to signs ef having been "smothered or winter killed." So far Southern and Central Illinois make a verv fair ehowinor. Ohio and Indiana have been more or less dam aged by Hessian fly in the fall; by floods and freezincr lately. Kentuc ky and Tennessee the reports show no improvement, and the general lookout is more or less discouraging. From Missouri and Kansas the report very conflicting Jn some regions of these States the reports are very good, and again from other sections of these States the prospect i$ any thing but encouraging. On the whole, when we take into consider ation that the last fourteen days have been the most severe of the whole season, we consider that the winter wheat crop has held its own nobly. It must be borne in mind however, that the month of March ia before us, which in far the most try ing month of the whole year upon this crop. The marketing of the re serves of winter wheat owing to the uncertain condition of the crops at present is merely nominal. We in cline. however, to the opinion that winter wheat good enough for mill ing purposes is quite a scarce article at present. SPRING WHEAT. The liberal receipts at spring wheat at interior points during the last fourteen days fully confirms what we said with regard to this crop early in the season, namely That PDrinsr wheat has not been as freely marketed, in proportion, winter wheat, and that when prices reached $1 tbe receipt would be good. When the railroads have not been blockaded with snow the receipts at the Minneapolis mills have averaged nearly 100,000 bushels per day Hon. A. C. Pillsbury, of Pillsbury Mills, says: "About one-third of the spring wheat in the Northern part of the state, and something like one half in the Sourthern portion of the State is yet in farmers' bands. The farmers, here have been waiting to get $1 per hushel, and now that they can get it wheat is coming in more lively. After 1 the talk of the wheat inspection law no law would suit the farmers that did not provide to give the do Mar per bush: el for their wheat." There is too much snow in Nebraska, Iowa and Minnesota to say anything about spring seeding yet. COKN. The very severe weather, taken in connection with the poor quality of the crop, is causing a much greater amount ot corn to be fed this winter than usual. There is nothing in the receipt of eojpn to indicate that the crop has been "under estimated." On tbe other hand, as the season progresses and as mr corn cribs at railroad stations "how no accumula tion, it is only fair to suppose that the 1882 con crop wrs vgjk greatly over estimated. The' question as where cau good seed eerfi be pro cured, is now of absorbing interest to the farmers of Illinois and Iowa. Bass ball men say that a "milk pitcher is catcher.? generally a good fly The railroad capital raised in Eng land last year was $564,084,000, of which $174,000,000 was for America and $225,000,000 for Great Britain land the colonies Adispatcb from New York says: Cleevland and New York were con nected by telephone for several hours yesterday afternoon. Gentlemen in the offices of the Postal Telegraph Co., in New York, spoke and sang before the improved telephone. A party in tbe Cleveland office did the same, and their voices were more dis tinctly beard in New York than is usually the case between connected telephones in this"city. ESALTH AND DRAINAGE. A great many ordinances are passed to keep people from throwing things into the streets and alleys for the commendable purpose ot keep ing things healthy and pure, and those in authority are continually en deavoring to adopt somathing to make some on else purify things, but all seems to fail of the object. If those in the management of our e.ity affairs would adopt some sys tematic course and pursue it prompt ly for the purpose of keeping all sur face drains through the city thor oughly cleaned out so that the wa ter which falls can carry off the im purities, the health ot our town would be in a better conditron. But on the contrary, through the winter season in the drains accumulate all kinds of dirt and rnbbish, the drains cave iu, and when the rainy season ceases the water must stand with the filth and dry up and evaporate while the drains could be cleaned out so as to ive tbe watery substance a chance to pass off in half the time that the learned sages of our city are parlying over some ordinance to make some body else do or not do something that continually fails of its object. During the pleasant weather of the last three weeks these foul accumula tions in ditches have been drying and evaporating and passing into the systems of our people to breed death and disease. These accumulations have been carried from all sources by the rain fall of the winter and not from the fault of any one in par ticular. But says one, '-'If we can only prevent citizens from running their dirty water into the street that will prevent all the difficulty;" and so an ordinance is passed for the purpose of making them bury the water and filth in their respective enclosures. But this is only a tem porary remedy and fails ot the pur pose. The citizens bury auc'i filth and dirty water in their gardens and private grounds during the summer and for the time being no incon venience is experienced from it. But during the loug and heavy rains of the following winter more or less of these impurities from grounds and stables are washed into the streets, drains, and low pIao;s, and when the warm weather in the spring comes, evaporation takes place and the at mosphere ca: ies much of it into the human system poisoning the blood and appearing in fevers, diphtheria and other forms ot fatal diseases. Thdrongh action in keeping a good and effectual system of surface drain age would remove much of the diffi culty. GENERAL HEWS. They do it in a rather positive way at Seattle. Speaking of the mud flat jumpers, the Intelligencer says: Yesterday Messrs. Abrams and Bailey secured a cannon, which they loaded up, and gave notice that they would turn it ljose on anyone attempting to interfere with their piling. Beaverton proposes to erect a $1000 school building. Old soldiers of Ef illaboro will organize a Grand Army post. John Newsome has been appointed sur veyor for' Marion county. The Hillsboro hook and ladder company have purchased uniforms. Action in regard to building a bridge across the Santiam han been deferred until next month. Miss Georgia Peters Will open a private school at Albany, having thus far secured about 20 pupils. There will bo twenty-two graduates from the Willamette university at the end of the present term. ' President Herrick, of the Forest Grove college has left for the east to raise funds for the completion of the college building. James A Campbell has been elected prin cipal of the Hillsboro public school, and Miss Lucy Morgan, Kss Lid J. Wilson and Miss Olive J. Gove assistants. Increasing sales of real estate are reported at .New lacoma. Donald McKay, an architect of Seattle, is drawing plans for' the Catholic cathedral to be built in Vancouver. The Argot learns that semi-weekly mail service to Semiahmoo has been ordered by the postoffice department. lhe Oregon improvement company will pay its nrst dividend, one of three and one- half per cent, on the 15th inst. The steamer City of Quincy drifted upon a rock at Samish last Monday and had a hole stove into her hull. She will be re paired upon reaching Seattle. The Episcopal college projected at New Tacoma is certain to be built Four blocks for it have been secured from the Tacoma land company. . C. B. Wright, of Philadel phia, formerly president of the Northern Pacific railroad company, has pledged Bishop Paddock that if his friends would raise $50,000 he himself would add thereto f 100. 000. Tfce bishop who -s fow in the east, announces that c large proportion of the $50,000 has been raised. Snake river boats are muting regularly A cottage has beeu framed i Deytca savd sent to Prescott. A Congregational chujoh bzi bt.z or ganize! at Steilacoom. The town of Spangle b surrounded by fine farming country and ia being rapid'y built up. Tho location is both beautiful and healthy. Lumber sells at $15 and wood at $3. The Dayton Chronicle aaya: Noah Herren, who has bcon paekiu pork for Kinney, Morris & Co., showed us the result of his labors this week. Vp to date he baa killed 240 porkers, aod he now has oa hand about 20 tons of ts fine meat as we have ever seen, and 4000 pounds cf lard. The Dayton Chronicle says. From W. A. Belcher we learn that there will be, dar ing the coming season, twenty saw rnd shingle mills in operation within a radius of sixteen mibs from Dayton. The cw mills will probably make during the run an aver age of 135,000 feei of luinbtr per day, all of which must come to Dayton for shipment or use. The lumber from five of these mills is already engaged, the contracting parties agreeing to take all that can be made. The other saw mills will make over 100,000 feet of lumber per day, the hauling of which will give employment to 75 or 80 teams. The Walla Walla Union: Sister Superior of St. Mary's hospital, has returned from Vancouver, where she has been to make arraDgeuients for the building of a new ho3 -pital in thk city. The building will be of wood, two stories in height and with ac commodations for about 75 patients. The structure will be built facing 6th street with a frontage of 100 feet, and from each side of the building an L will run back 100 feet. Every modern convenience will be put into this building. The La Connor Mail says: The Whatcom colony is teported to be fathering in strength and vitality, and there is every prospect now of the terms of the undertaking with Capt. Koeder and others as to the character of the enterprises to be established by that association being carried out to the letter. We are informed that the Seattle flour and grist mill-will be removed to and established at Whatcom; that the twenty-five and thirty houses called for in the arrangement with the original property owners will be built this spring end rammer; and that in addition thereto a wharf will be built to deep water. All this bespeaks activity and determination worthy of the growing pros pects of Whatcom and Bellingham Bay. A new ferryboat is building at Wheat land. x Residenoes in Eugene are scarce and much sought after. McMinnrille merchants propose to or ganize a board of trade. A band of hope with 69 members has been organized at Newburg. Geo. W. Hume's saw mill at Astoria has been sold to Aug. C. Kinney for $32,500. Water in Mill creek at Salem is so low that Santiam water is used to run the mills. Geo. Hollistsr, of Stay ton, has been held to answer for killing birds in violation of the game law. Horses to the value of $10,000 have died in Yamhill county the past winter of pre valent diseases. M. H. Skinner, of Caearg, has a contract for furnishing the railroad company with 400 cords of wood. Dr. Derby, residing near Lafayette, has seventeen acres of wheat not damaged. The Eugene Guard says: We understand that the farmers of Lane county will, not have to import seed wheat, as there is plenty in the county to sow the entire acreage. We have heard of only one per son, Mr. Norris Humphrey, who has or dered California seed. Alkali is now tree of smallpox. A great many potatoes were frozen at and near Canyon City. The population- of Baker City is 1400, with 461 school children. Henry Green, one of the men shot at Hot Lake, is improving rapidly. The telegraph line is expected to reach Pendleton on Wednesday of this week. The Pendleton flouring mills will be changed to a roller mill this summer with a daily capacity of 300 barrnls. Young grain in Umatilla county is not very high, but is regular and healthy. The crop promises to be large. The Walla Walla Union says: On Tues day night 100 immigrants landed from the cars in Dayton with the intention of settling Columbia and Garfield counties. On Wed nesday night's train about 50 more came with the intention of taking up Government lands in that section. Columbia and Gar field counties are receiving a very heavy immigration for this season of the year. We are certain these strangers will find Col umbia and Garfield counties far better than the land from whenee they came the Middle States. An unusual demand for houses in Eugene exists, and it is beyond the power of the builders to fill awaiting orders, says the Eneene Guard. As soon as a house is known to be for rent, or it is surmised that the parties now occupying it are going to move out. or it is hinted that there is a probability that some one said he thought they were going to move out, the owner is at once Interviewed by parties desirous of moving in forthwith. Many fruit growers express the opinion that neither the apple or pear trees are killed, and that there will be a fair crop of plums and cherries Small fruits, with the exception of the Lawton blackberry, are re ported in good condition, says the Walla Walla Union. Peaches and apricots are probably killed to the snow line. A woolen mill at Tacoma seems a cer tainty says the Olympia Standard. Ar rangements arc now being made to erect a building and procure machinery. Tho agreement calls for its completion within six months from January 94 Phil Giberson has sold his stable and lot in Dayton to S. Bramlette. Farm hands are very scarce near Waits burg and tlare is delay in farm work in consequence. A man ha arrived at Sprague fsem Walla Wall on trycy alVaod will go east ward to he free. Samuel Kines infbrcs ths Pomsrcy Inde pendent that orchards near the rconnteins aro not damaged. It will require one and one-half millions of brick to pot up the proposed new build ings at Spokane Falls this aiiT.mer. Hank Vaughn and party ere grazing 400 hcitd jf horses on Umatilla reservation pre vious to driving them into British possess ions. The Davenport town company have do nated a block for school purposes': and the school directors ore having building plans prerared. Hay has sold at 140 a toa in Eastern Ore gon of i-te. Several sales of real estate in Olympia have beer. L.-.ade during the pact few days and there is considerable inquiry about eligible town lots. Another tannery ia building at Victoria. The house is 35x80 feet and three and a half stories high. The sealing business is now at its hight, off Cape Flattery, there being 'over twenty vessels employed in it. The average catch per season, to each vessel is said to be about 800, which are valued at about 84,000. "The Indians also catch large numbers and are said to earn about $100,000 each session. Smallpox is dying out in Eastern Wash ington. Quarantine and skillful nursing prevented a general spread of the disease, and many deaths. Keports from nearly every precinct in Puyaliup valley indicate large increase in hop acreage over last year. The crop of LSS3 is likely to be a profitable one in this region. The general understanding at Ashland is that about 5,000 men will be sent to the front about the lCtb. of this month, to be gin work on the extension of the railroad northward. Probably the highest price yet paid for farm land in the Territory, if not on the Pacific slope, was paid last week at Mad docksville, on White river, in King county, W. T. Capt. Yatea told two acres there to Charles Carpenter for 32,000. Ten dollars an acre is a good average price for farm lauds in Washington Territory, while $100 and $150 an acre was the highest heretofore reachtd. From these prices to $1,000 per acre ia a huge jump. Wolves on Vancouver island are com plained ot. Port Moody is eleer of ice eciln. zfter at month's lookicg up. A new salmon cannery is btipj built oa the north aide of the Chehaii river near Coemopoiir, by Benn h Gibson. The.) are six new houses in oourse ef erection in North Select. It is estimated that the Davie1 bridge over the Santiam will coat $15,000. The town of St. Helena nee taken A large three tUtty hotel is being fiiu Ruu aurawr raoMimu or me Deaf-Mute school, commences in about twe weeks. The expenditure in Portland laet year, says th.9 Albany Dvr-ocrtU, tor '-ikocl pur poses was $2 , 966. $3, a cert ot ascat $5 to the student. In Albany it wee w&ly about $10 to the ctstdeat. Farm hands are being paid $36 ?e month in tho Vicinity of New Teccsae. Report from necrly every precinct la Puyaliup valley indicate large inrrness is hop acreage over last year. Mr. VVatkina, TTelchsaan, from Penn sylvania, has boon appointed Superintend ent of the coal mines t Newcastle. Tho restriction act is evidently a farce, as expected. The Seattle Herald saysr Twenty-one head of Chinese merchandise with their packs landed here last night off the Elder from Sat Franciscot Victoria or some other sea port town. . Work on Gov. Moody's new residense at Salem is to begin the 12th inst. Farmers and others desiring a genteel, lucrative agency business, by which S5 to S2C a day can be earned, semi aidre.ts at once, on postal, to H. C. Wileinsox Cu., 196 and 197 Fulton Street, New York. THE ST. JOHN LAHD & IMPROVEMENT CO. Directors : 11. P. THOMPSON, P. T. SMITH. L. A. BANKS, W. ETROM DaNINUL JAMES T. GRAY. Office, corner First and Waahlii(tm ., Portland, Oregon. Capita! Stock - - 8375,000 Parties desiring a qftle and profitable tnvitmt should call or write for information at an. Messrs. fiuford and Wagner are agents for tha Company in Corrallu and can give in formation W value to persons seeking nrst-cbidi inveetman.s. 20-11 m3 CEO. H. HENKLE. ZEB. H. DAVIS. ENKLE & DAVIS, gjugg gj gENEjuijp Merchandise.) (In Crawford & Farm's New Brick.) - OREGON se-Ujl Are now located In their new store In Crawfcrd & Farra'a brick block, with an Immense stock of Oil fiofffls, Clothing, Hats, Caps, BOOTS AND SHOES.S- Ladies Dolmans Cloaks, Ulsters, Goods, and a fine display of new patterns in Staple and FANCY S GOODS! CORSETS, KNIT HOODS AND SACQUES, TRIMMINGS, CLOVS, 4.O. fijjg Ready Made Clothing, Overcoats and FURNISHING COODS. GROCERIES, TOBACCOS AND CIGARS, -9 These Goods are offered to the public at prices lower than can possibly be found in the city. Remember the Place, in Crawford & Farra's Hew Brick Block, COR V ALUS OR. C. H, Whitney & Co.