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About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 15, 1882)
Published Kvery Friday Morning
BY M. 8. WOODCOCK.
(Payable in Advance. )
Far Tear, 82 SO
lix Months 1 50
rhree Months 1 00
Single Copies 10c
Per Year (when not paid in advonce) 3 00
All notices and advertisements intended for pub
cation should bo handed in by noon on Wednesdays.
Rates of advertising made known on application .
A. F. AND A. St.
C6rvallis Lodge, No. 14, A. F. and A. M. , meets on
"Wednesday evening, on or preceihng fuli moon.
JOHN KKKSEE, W. M.
RecWy Lodge, No. 75, A. F. and A. M., meets on
Wednesday evening after full moon.
S. E. BELKNAP, V. M.
R. A. M.
Ferguson Chapter, No. 5, R. A. M. , meets Thurs
day eveL'nr on or preceding full moon.
WALLACE UALDWINr II. P.
K. OF P.
Valley Lodge No. 11. K. of P., meets every Mon
day evening ' W". H MAXSHEXD, C. C.
JAS. KEADMAN, Jr., K. K. S.
I. O. O. F.
Bamuni Lodge, No. 7, I. O. O. F., meets every
uenday evening. T. C ALEXANDER, N. G.
A. O. U. W.
Friendship Lodge, No. 14, A. O. U. W.', meets first
and third TjlOrsdays in each month.
e.h. Mcelroy, m. w.
W. C. T. 17.
Regular business meetings first Saturdays in each
month, at the Evangelical church, at 2-30 P. M.
Prayer meeting every Saturday at same hour. A
cordial invitation is extended to all.
Mrs. Noha Williams, Pres.
Mrs. T. Graham. Sec.
BAPTIST CHURCH SERVICES. Preaching
every second and fourth Sabbath in each month
at the College Chapel, by the Rev. F. P. Davidson.
ServicosbcginatllA. M., and (MO p. m. All arc in
vited. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. Regular services
every Sabbath morning and evening. Sunday
Shool at the close of the morning service. Trayer
meeting Thursday evening at 7 o'clock. Public cor
dially invited. H. P. DUNNING.
EVANGELICAL CHURCH Services regularly ev
ery Sabbath morning and evening, unless otherwise
announced. Sunday school at 3 r. M. each Sabbath.
Prayer meeting every Thursday at 7 r. M. The
publi cordially invited
Rev. J. Bowerso, Pastor.
M. E. CHURCH There will be imblic services at
the M. E. Church every Sabbtvth at 11 o'clock i i the
morning. Sabbath school at 3 o'clock each Sabbath.
Prayer meeting Wednesday evening at 7 o'jlock.
M. E. CHURCH SOUTH Services every Sabbath
at 11 a. m . aud 7 r. M. , at the college chaei. Sumhvy
school at 9:30 a. u. Prayer meeting Friday evening
at 7 o'clock. Public cordially invited.
J. R. N. BELL, Pastor.
wiek. 312 a day at home easily made. Costly
Si( outfit free. Address True & Co., Augusta Me.
Obtained, and all business in tlieU. S. Patent Office,
or in the Courts attended to for MODERATE FEES.
We 'ire opposite the U. S Pateiit Office, engaged in
PATENT BUSINESS EXCLUSIVELY, and can ob
tain patents in less time than those remote from
Whjn model or drawing is sent we advise as to
patentability free of charge; and we make NO
CHARGE UNLESS WE OBTAIN PATENT.
We refer, here, to the Post Master, the Supt. of the
Moncv Order Div. , and to officials of the U. S. Patent
Office. Forcircular, advice, terms, and reference to
actual clients in your own state and county, address,
G: A. SNOW & Co.,
19.8 Opposite Patent Office, Washington, D. C
Real Estate for Sale.
Will sell a farm of 478 acres for less than 818 per
acre, being; one of the cheajjeat and best farms in
Benton county, situated 4 miles west of Monroe, J of
a mile from a good school, in one of the best neigh
borhoods In the state with church privileges handy.
About 130 acrta in cultivation, and over 400 can be
cultivated. AH under fence, with good two story
frame house, large barn and orchard; has running
water the rear around, and is well suited tor stock
ami dairy purposes. This is one df the cheapest farms
in the Willamette Valley
Also, two improved lots on themaiu business street
with small stable, woodshed and a good, comfortable
'dwelling house containing seven good rooms. These
lots are nicely siftiated for any kind of business pur
poses. , . . V
A valuable farm alt under fence only 2J miles from
(Orvallisof 150 acres, 80 acres now in cultivation, the
balance of it can be cultivated; about 20 of it now in
wheat with a fair house good barn and granery.
Will be sold at a bargain. "
Two unimproved lots in Corvallis Or. One of the
choicest building places in the city for sale reason
able. Four unimproved lots except fenced in Corvallis
Or. The choicest building place in the city for sale
For farther information enquire at the
A Surf Care Guaranteed,
R. E. C. WEST'S JCERVE AND BRAIN TREAT
incnt, a specific for Hysteria, Dizziness, Convul
sions, Nervous Headache, Mental Depression; Loss
bf Memory, Spermatorhaja, Impotency, Involuntary
omissions, premature old age, caused by over
exertion, self-abuse or over-indulgence, which leads
to misery, decay and death. One box will cure re
cent cases. Each, box contains one month's treat
inent ; one dollar abox, or six boxes for five dol
lars ; sent by mai! prepaid on receipt of price. We
guarantee six boxes to cure any case. . With each
order received by Us for six boxes, accompanied
with five dollars, we will send the purchaser odr
written guarantee to return trie money if the treat
ment does not effect a cure. Guarantees issued
WOODARD, CLARK'&CO., .
Wholesale and Retail Druggists, Portland Oregon.
Orders by mail at regular prices. 19-13 y 1
Music for Everybody.
1 Ttnr- .fa-
Sot starting children and others in the . cul
true of Music. It overcomes the drudgery
of learning the elements bf Music by pleas
ant amusement. This new method teaches
you all abdrtt the Musical Staff, Degrees of
the Staff; Clefs, Notes and Rests, Scale,
Intervals of the Scale, Location of Letters
bit the Staff, and their relation to the Keys
of the instrument (This ia very important
with children) Flats and Sharps and their
All the ditierent Keys, how to lorm
It teaches the
Chords or musical words.
syllables. Do, Re, Mi, etc., in
contains a complete musical catechism. It
is Multum IN PAttvo. All this is learned
while the learner is amusing himself by
playing familiar tunes. Persons with no mu
sical talent may play the tunes, as the
guide is such that he cannot strike the
wrong key. Pull directions and four pieces
of music accompany the Method, bent by
mail for $1.00. Address,
CHICAGO PIANO CO.,
78&80 Van.Bu.ren St., Chicago, 111.
tie Gazette Job Printing Office
is complete in even- respect, and are prepared
to do all kinds of
COMMERCIAL JOB PRINTING!
At Reasonable Hates.
When in needot letterheads, bill heads, envel. i e.
statements, or in fact anything in the printing 1- nW
give us a call. Satisfaction guaranteed.
CORVALLIS, OREGON, DEC. 15, 1882.
M. S. WOODCOCK,
ittornev at - Law,
Corvallis, - - Oregon.
KELSAY & KEESEE.
A-ttorneys - at - Law.
Corvallis, - - Oregon.
C . MADDEN,
Attorney at Law,
Will oractice in all of the Courts of the State.
A.ttonley - at - Law,
SPECIAL attention (riven to collections, and money
collected promptly paid over. Careful and
prompt attention given to Probate matters. Con
veyancing and searching of records, Ac
LOANS NEGOTIATED. 1
Wi give attention to buying, Celling and leasing real
estate, and conducts a general collecting and busi
ness agency. .
Office on Second Street, one door north of Irvin s
shoe shop. 18:4..vl
F. A. JOHNSON,
- And Electrician.
Chronic Diseases n.ade a specialty. Catarrh suc
cssfullv treated. Also Oculist and Aurist.
Office" in Fisher's Block, one door West of Dr. F.
. Vincent's dental oliicc. Office hours rom 8 to 12
nd from 1 to G .clock. 19:27.vl
T. V 8. EMBREE, M. D,
I?hysic:.;iii Sd Surgeon.
Office 2 doors south of H. E. Harris' Store,
Corvallis, - - Oregon.
Residence on the southwest corner of block, north
ind west of the Methodist church.
ti. R, FARM, M. D,
3?hysician & Surgeon.
FFICE -OVER GRAHAM, HAMILTON & . CO'S
Drug Store. Corvallis, Oregon iu:zyl
F. J. ROWLAND,
Blacksmith & Wagonmaker,
Mr Rowland is iremrel to do all kinds of waeon-
making, repairing and blacksmithing to order. . He
uses the best of material every time and warrants
his work. 10-32-lyr
J. H. NORMS,
RlaRksmithin? and Wasronmaking a specialty. By
constantly keeping on hand the best materials and
doing superior work, I expect to merit a share of
public patronage. 32ui3 J. II. Noreis.
F. J. Hendrichson,
Boot and Shoe Maker,
JE29B I always Ke.ep on ua.nu suiJcnui
,. ..,1 t-.-o ..t mv urnrlr T aclr :t 1 1 . V : II : i ' 1 n t i 1 1 1 1
of my goods before purchasing elsewhere.
P. H. Sawtell.
fr-i ae 1 oo
F3 F! gg pa
e" cm S"
i 1. 1 c3
19:46 mi S3
oo cr3 cr-3
A HOME FOR SALE.
Four lots nicely situated in Corvallis, Ore-
1 GCOD DWELLING HOUSE,
Bam and out-houses. Will sell all or only two
lots. Call at the Gazette office or on
38-m3 II. WHEKLBR;
W d Crawford,
J E WEL E R .
T7"EEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND A LARGE
JX. assortment of Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, etc.
All kinds of repairing: done on short noticd, and aK
work warranted. IS:33-yl
PHOTOGRAPHS FROM MIXATURE TO
J. W. HANSON,
AND DEALER IN
Ready Mad e Clothing,
Next door South of Post Ofilco,
CORVALLIS, - - - - OREGON.
Pantaloons made to order of Oregon
Goods for $7-50.
English Goods, $11. French, 14
CST Suite from SO to $6U"B
Cleaning and Repairing done at Reasouable Rates
lKRIf lllilit IMPLEMENTS
We have in stock.the
Deerinor Twine Bindern,
Deering arid Standard Mow.ts,
Minnesota Chief Threshers,
Minnesota Giant and Stillwater Engines, Elwood
mounted Iforsc-Power, Centennial Fanning mill, cel
ebntted liucke3"e line of Seeders and Drills.
We also keep the celebrated Whitewater and
jime-iyl W. H. MILLHOLLAND.
PORTER, SLESSINGER & CO,,
Manufacturers and Jobbers of
BOOT & SHOE.
These Goods are Warrant
ed not to rip.
All Genuine have the trade mark "IKON CLAD"
117 Battery Street, San Francisco, Cal.
GOODS FOR SALE AT
THE YAQUlfrA HOUSE !
Is now prepared to accommodate travelers
IN FIRST-CLASS STSXE.
MEALS AT ALL HOURS FOR
S. V its CENTS.
Constantly on hand, at the
LOWEST LIVING RATES.
Situaued on the Yaquina Road, half way
rom Corvallis to Newport.
19:l-2yl. . P. BRYANT.
HE . E. HAKRIS,
One Door South of Graham & Hamilton's,
CORVALLIS, i OREGON.
Cora His, June 24, 1882. 19-19yl
C. W. PHILBRICK,
Contractor and Bridge Builder,
Will attend promptly to all work under
CANAN & GitfLIN, PROPRIETORS.
First Class Work Only!
Copying- in alT branches. P
firewood taken at cash prices:
uce of all kinds and
AM per day at home. Samples worth 05 free
tlV Address Stinaon & Co. . rortland.Me.
SHILOH'S COUGH and consumption cure is sold
ty us on a guarantee. It cures consumption. Sold
CATAfeRH CUBED, health end sweet breath se
cured by Shiloh's Catarrh Remedy. Price 50 cents.
Nasal injector free. Sold at T. Graham's, Corvallis
For lame back, side or chest Use Shiloh's Porous
Plaster. Price 26 cents. Sfld by T. Graham.
CROUP, HOOPING COUGH and Bronchitis tit
mediately relieved by Shyloh's cure. Sold by Graham-
FOR DYSPEPSIA and Liver Complaint, you have a
printed guarantee on every bottle of Shiloh's Vi
taliser. It never fails to core. Soid at T. Graham's.
HUTTON & HILLIARD,
Wage and Buggy Ironing,
HORSE-SHOEING A SPECIALTY.
SHILOH'S CATARRH REMEDY a positive cure
lor Laiarrn, jjiptncrja ana L'auKer Mouth, sold
THE OCCIDENTAL is a new building,
newly furnished, ami ia first class in all its
Stages leave the hotel for Albany and Yaquina Bay
Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
Large Sample Room on First Floor for
Commercial Tim. 19-J5 ly
E. H, TAYLOR,
ID !E iSTT I S T
The oldest established Dentist arid
the best outfit in Corvallis;
All work kept in repair free of charge antf satlsfac
on fruaranteed. Toeth extracted without pain by
ne use ui .Mirnus vxiae uas.
itrTRooms up stairs over Jacobs & Neugass' nw
DncK autre, uorvams, uregon. lU:27yi
I wonder now if any one
In this broad land has heard,
In favor of down-trodden boys;
On solitary word?
We hear enough of "woman's rights,"
And rights of "working-men.1
Of "equal rights" and "nation's rights,
But pray just tell us when
Boys' rights were ever spoken of?
Why, we've become so used
To being snubbed by every one,
And slighted and abused.
That when one is polite to us,
We open wide our eyes.
And strutx-h them in astonishment
To twice their natural size !
Boys seldom dare to ask their friend
To venture in the hjuse; s
It don't come natural at all
To creep round like a mouse;
And if we should forget ourselves
And make a little noise.
Then ma or auntie-sure would say,
"Oh, my! those dreadful boys V
The girls bang on the piano
In peace, but if the boys
Attempt a tune with fife or drum,
It's "stop that horrid noise!"
"That horrid noise" just think of It,
When sister never fails
To make a noise three times as bad
With everlasting "scales."
Insulted thus, we lose no time
In beating a retreat;
So oh we (To to romp and tear,
And scamper in the street,
No wonder that so many boyj
Such wicked men become;
Twere better far to let them have
Their game and plays at home.
Perhaps that text the preachor quotes
Sometimes, "Train up a child."
Means only train the little girls,
And let the boys run wild.
But patience, and the time will come
When we will all be men;
And when it does, I rather think.
Wrongs will be righted then.
Barren county, Ky., tobacco grow
ers commenced stripping their crops
as early as October 25.
A stalk of Sea Island cotton, nine
Feet in height, having forty-two
branch and 250 bolls has been exhib
ited at Kronson, Fla.
Allen Reid, Daviess cownty Ky.,
this season on 20 acres of land raised
6,000 bi.8hels of potatoeSj whtoh he
shiped to New Orleans.
The Scott county, Ky., tobacco As-
socitaion at a recent meeting ordered
that the Association offer the follow
ing premiums on samples of tobacco,
the growth of 1882, of not less than
one pound each, raised inScott coun
ty, viz: Best butting leaf first, $20;
second, $10j-fillers first S20; second
at '((SO a week in your own town. Terms aud outfit
09 free, Address H. Hallett & Co.,FortlDd,M.
Renovating Poor Land.
It is slow, difficult, and expensive
vork to bring up worn-out land, but
more especially land naturally poo
to a satUfactor$T degree of fertility.
But it may be done. We have
known men of means put on twice
the value of the land with the ex
pectation of getting a large yield the
first year, but they did not succeed.
The best that can be done is to
begin tbe fall beforehand, use all the
available manure possible, or some
fertilizer if it can be obtained, avd
sow some crop that grows quick, as
rye or Italian rye grass, either of
which will make considerable growth,
and be ready to turn under by the
middle of May. This has taken no
plant food from the field. Much
nitrogen and carbonic acid, some pot
ash and soda, have beeti abstracted
from the Soil and the air, and store
up in the easily decaying nilrogen
eous substance of those crops.
Turned under in bloom, the heat of
soil with the moisture of the season,
will liberate the nitrogen and other
elemeuts provided, in time to be ap-
proated by the roots of growing corn.
I have no doubt but the best use
that can be made 01 a little manure
or fertilizer is to furnish them to rap
id growing croos to be turned under
as manure. 1 know it seems wasttui
to turn under a heavy crop of rye in
May in the Hopes ot securing a crop
of corn, but let the doubter try it dn
a small scale and be convinced.
Later in the season the quick-grow
ing millets, beans, peas and especially
bnckwheat or fodder corn, may be
turned under as manure for fall wheat,
As land gets richer rag- weed often
anords a profitable crop, turned un
der in bloom for another crop of
wheat or rye. Where any green
corn is turned under, where practica
ble it is desirable to scatter about ten
bushels of lime to the acre, or two
bushels of common salt, while the
ground should be pulverized at once
Frequent harrowiug while decom
position of the green materials is go
ing; on is actual manuring. Your
neighbor may haul his manure and
dump it, or spread his fertilizer on
rough, coarse ground, and you may
reap largely the benefits 01 it it you
keep the surface of your adjoining
field in a finely pulverized state, and
frequently stir it;
Some men make better crops on
1 the same land by frequent harrowing
' than others by extensive manuring.
On poor land, with a light purse, -
keep all the stock you can feed, keep
it mixed with muck, if accessible, or
surface soil, raise crops without al
lowing them t o seed, and turn tinder
when in bloom for tbe manure of the
next crop you wish to grow for the
Old 1 ARMER.
Freezing and Frozen Plants .
Dr. George Thurlor writes in
Dec. American Agriculturist upon
care of frozen" plants:
Those who have window plants
cannot always keep the temperature
of the room sufficiently high at night
to make sure that no harm will come
to them by frost. Where it is feared
that they may" tieeze, it will be well
to cover them at night, either with a
sheet or with newspapers, which are
quite as good. It is not difficult to
arrange a covering by the use of
strings and sticks to hold the papers
up above the plants. A canopy of
this kind will prevent the radiation
of heat from the pots and the plants,
and be ot great service. In a collec
tion of plants, some will be much
more severely injured by freezing
than Others, but nearly all, if not too
much exposed, will soon recover, nn
less suddenly warmed. When the
plants are found to be frozen, make
the change to a higher temperature
very gradual. Remove them to a
room where the air is but a few de
grees above freezing, or if this can
not be done, warm up the room
where they are, but very gradually.
In moving frozen plants it must be
done with great care, as in their
frozen state they may be readily in
jured. Sometimes the newer shoots
will fail to recover, while the leaves
of the older wood will resume their
natural condition. When this oc
curs all those parts that fail to re
cover should be removed cutting
back with a sharp hnife to a sound
portion of the stem.
Upper Ocnoco Hews.
Editor Gazette: With your
consent we will insert in your col
umns a few remarks from these parts.
For the past few days the weather
has been delightful. The nights
have been clear and frosty, and thu
days more like spring than the be
ginning of winter, the mercury sel
dom falling tower than 20 above
zero, and evervone says that the
weather is more agreeable than any
ever witnessed at this time of the
Fall sown grain is said to be look
ing well throughout the Country, and
stock are in aood condition.
Stock men are engaged principally
n gathering cattle, which they in
tend drivine to the desert to winter-
Our new county officers are assum
ing their honors with a dii'e amount
The first tertrl of Crook county
court will begin on Monday, Dec.
I shoul l say ydnr humble servant
is well satisfied. This is the boss
climate for pedagogueing during the
winter season, and the talary good
November, 4, 1882.
The Quicksilver Industry.
A rriemorial to the Tariff Commis
sion has been prepared by ten of the
leading companies engaged in the
manufacture of quicksilver in Cali
fornia, asking for a revision of the
tax on imported quicksilver, for the
better protection of a hnome industry.
The memorialists state that owing to
the great extent and richness of the
Spanish and Australian mines and
the cheapness of labor in those coun
tries! successful competition by the
California companies, in which $20,
000,000 of capital is invested, is prac
ticably impossible, and that for the
want of adequate protection there is
danger that one of the most import
antindastries of California will be
entirely destroyed. They suggest a
specific daty of from 20 to 23 cents
per pound on imported quicksilver as
tbe lowest point that will permit suc
cessful competition and a fair return
on the capital invested.
A quantity of old newspapers for sale at
About two ounces of saltpetre well
mixed in a bucket of common salt, is
a remedy of an old experienced
Wherever sheep feed, new, sweet
grasses flourish and weeds are de
stroyed. If farmers fully appreciate
how great a benefit sheep are to land,
they would raise more of them.
Dr. Ellis, of Russell county, Kan
sas, a larsre wheat e.-ower, under
stands the value of sheep upon land
so thoroughly that he advertises he
will pay ten cents per head for sheep
to pasture upon his fields.
ijaretul stock men will provide
shelter for their stock in the winter.
One-third less feed, with shelter,
put them, through the winter in bet
ter shape than full rations without it.
A French chemist reports that
water made slightly salt, and to
which, when boiling, bran in the pro
portion of one quart to every gallon
has been aadea, lias oeen lonna in a
series of experiments to increase the
yield of milk 25 per cent, if given to
the cows as their ordinary drink.
hor working oxen, no breed can
compare with the Devons. They are
quick, large, docile, and easily kept
The color is uniformly red, and they
can be easily matched. On heavy
roads the oxen of this breed are equal
to horses, in many respects and at
The literal Home says a paralysis
of the hind-quarters in pigs is some
times caused by inflamaiion of and
consequent effusion upon the animal
marrow, causing pressure and loss of
nerve pewer. Sensation and power
of action marT often be restored by
the application of a mud irritant to
the loins. Turpentine or a thin paste
ot mustard rubbed upon the loins
over the spine, generally leads to
cure. It is brought on by cold and
damp quarters, or exposure to cold
rains, and is more frequent in young
pics than old ones. A chill will
sometimes produce -it suddenly.
In selecting a good cow, be sure
that her udder is large and not fleshy
extending behind as nearly as pos-
to the vulva, and reaching in Iron
nearly to her naval; so that as much
milk may be obtained from front
quarters as from bind ones, lier
milk veins must also be sought for
and examined; feel and see that they
are large and swelling, especially
noticing that the holes where the
veins enter the body is so large that
you can easily push the top of your
second finger into them. She should
also have a deep orange color inside
her ears; the deeper this color is the
richer her milk.
A great many breeders fail to
achieve the results at which they aim
simply because of their reluctance to
discard an occasional animal which
contains a slight blemish. Wanting
the best, they use what they know is
not perfect, to produce it, hoping na
ture will kindlv eloss over and not
reproduce the detect. Such a policy
is suicidal. The breeder who would
enjoy the highest success must not
be afraid to cull. Let eyery animal
whhh can not be rated as first-class
be ripened and sent to the shambles.
'Breed from only the bestj and on no
consideration lot your flock deter
iorate through your failure to "reject
The Care of Cows.
The dairy requires, in tact, scru
pulous care in every department.
is a delicate industry. And the cat
must begin with the cow. It is not
enough to have a good cow and
feed aud water her properly. Sh
must in fact be made a pet of. That
description of her treatment is the
very best that can be made. In
handling her it should be done as if
she were a frailj delicate thing, liable
to injury from the slightest rough
touch or unkind word Remember
ing her excessive nervousness, she
ought never to be frightened, indeed
not any more than a considerate per
son would frighten a child, which
considerate person would never do.
Nothing is capable of vexing ns
more than to see a dog playfully
tormenting a cow. The reader has
often seen it. The dog enioys th
G-ive us a Call.
Pamphlets, circulars, and general job printing; done
vii auutL nuwtjc uu1.11 uau.v aim uiuatpi.
er way to stop the . annoyance, we
would make a target of him. Th
manuei in which cows are treated in
going to and from the pastures, and
often milking is nothing short of
brutality. Tiiey are hurried, scream
ed at, swore at, and sometimes club
bed, while the officious dog is on
hand to add his voice to the dis
tracting medley. The system of the
animal is all shaken up, the nerves
all unstrung, and reason must dictate
that the milk must suffer injury.
The cow that is treated as if she
were a valuable friend that has noth-
ng to fear, and that knows she has a
friend in one who has the care of her,
will do the very best she can, and
actually appear to try to do it. An-
mals may not know as much as we -
sometimes give them creditjof know-
ng, and thir apparent extra effort
to repay kindness may be in no way
the part of intelligence, but they do
appear sometimes to exert themselves
as a special recognition of kindness.
Perhaps this often may be true of
the horse, but the cow appreciates
kindness as much as any other ani
mal, and in the midst of the quiet
that results from kind treatment, sho
does much better than she otherwise
would, whether she tries or not.
An exchange very appropriately
savs: It larmers lo not occupy the
highest positions in the social and
political circles ot the country it is
due entirely to themselves.. There
is no more ennobling occupation, or
one which requires more scientific
and practical knowledge, than agri
culture, and those who qualify them
selves, or are instructed in the science,
have within themselves the elements
necessary to making the society in
which they mingle more brilliant and
desirable than persons following any
other pursuit in life. Yith snch as
surances as these, therefoie let the
noble yeomanry come forth from
their too long continued retirement,
and let the woild know that there is
a pow3r behind the throne which has
remained dormant while it should
have been shining.
One of the most notable characters
among agriculturists ana -whose
name is the household word and au
thority for farmers wherever civiliza
tion has asserted itself, is Sir John
Bennett Lawes, of England. His
contributions to agricultural litera
ture have been engraved upon the
tablets of history so deeply that they
will remain to immortalize his name
during all time. Yet bis proudest
boast is to be a farmer. To reach
the high standard of attainments up
on which stands this worthy scion ot
the most valuable of all industries,
much time, dilligent study, and un
ceasing labor jin the experimental
field must be devoted, and with such,
and a determination to excel, it is not
a wfld prediction to make that any
young man, with sufficient intellect,
industry, and perseverance, may take
a place alongside this great agricul
Formerly, 2ducational . advantages
were so limited in the United States
that the rural districts were left out
entirely, aud then the toilers of the
soil had to rely altogether upon tra
dition to cultivate their crops, breed
their cattle, etc; Now, however,
when first-rate schools are dotted
over every neighborhood agricultur
al literature extended, and journals
devoted to that class of knowledge
disseminated in every part of tho
land, no excuse can be made for an
uneducated, ignorant farmer, nor bis
withholding from society both in
civil and political life. The secluded
life of the farm naturally induces a
fondness for retirement, but progress
demands a change in these habits,
and requires the intermingling of
farmers, to interchange indeas, relate
practical experiences, see the con
stantly increasing novelties in ma
chinery, in order to keep up with the
limes. Besides these considerations,
the farmer should remember that
they outnumber the balance of the
country's population, and that their
aggregated wealth is far greater than
all the other interests in the land,
Hence their dufy to be represented
in the State and national legislatures
Onco they do this, tbeir being Will
tport, bijt tbe cow does not, and if it beTecognized, power' lelt, and tbeir
were our dog aad there Was no oth- j influence sought anew