Published Every Friday Morning RY jM. S. WOODCOCK. SUBSCRIPTION RATES : (Payable in Advance.) Per Year 92 SO fix Months 1 50 Three Months, 1 00 Single Copies. 10c All notices and advertisements intended (or pub cation should be handed in by noon on Wednesdays. Rates of advertising: made known on application. SOCIETIES. A. F. AND A. M. Corvallis Lodge, No. 14, A. F. and A. M. , meets on Wednesday evening:, on or preceding fuli moon. JOHN KEESEE, W. M. Rocky Lodge, No. 75, A. F. and A. M., meets an Wednesday evening after full moon. S. E. BELKNAP, W. M. K. A. If. Ferguson Chapter, No. 5, R. A. It, meets Thurs day evening on or preceding full moon. WALLACE BALDWIN, H. P. K. OF P. He oitm VOL. XIX. CORVALLIS, OREGON, OCT. 6, 1882. NO. 41. Vally Lodge No. 11, K. of P., meets every Mon day evening ' W. H MANSFIELD, C. C. JAtt. HEADMAN, Jr., K. K. S. I. O. O. F. ' Barnum Lodge, No. 7, I. O. O. F., meets every uesday evening. T. C. ALEXANDER, N. O. A. O. U. W. Friendiihip Lodge, No. 14, A. O. U. W. , meets first and third Thursdays in each month. k. b. Mcelroy, m. w. CHVRCH DIRECTOR V. BAPTIST CHURCH SERVICES.-Preaching everv second and fourth Sabbath in each month at the College Chapel, by the Rev. I . P. Davidson Services begin at 11 A. M.,andC:30 r. m. All are in vited. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. Regular services every Mabbath morning anu evening. Sunday Shool at the close of the morning service. Prayer meeting Thursday evening at 7 o'clock. Public cor diaily invited. H. P. DUNNING. Pastor. KVANGELICAL CHURCH Services regularly ev ery Sabbath morning and evening, unless otherwise announced. Sunday school at 3 p. M. each habbath Prayer meeting every Thursday at 7 p. m. The puDii cordially lnriteu Rrv. J. Bowkrhox, Pastor. M. E. CHURCH Regular services every Sunda3 7 P. M. Hunuay-scnool at I o clock Wltn mine classes for old and young. Prayer meeting on Wednesday evening at 7 o'clock. A general invitation and cordial welcome. r. rxi.nn i, rastor. M. E. CHURCn SOUTH-Services every Sabbath at 11 a. u. and "ph.. at the college chapci. Sunday school at '.' :3f, a. M. i'rayer meeting r nuay evening at 7 o clock. I'uouc cordially invited. J. R. N. BELL, Pastor. W. C. Crawford, JEWELER. KEEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND A LARGE assortment of Watches, Clocks, Jewell, etc. All kinds of repairing done on short noticd, and all work warranted. I8:33-yl H . E. HARRIS. One Door South of Graham & Hamilton's, CORVALLIS, . . OREGON. Groceries, Provisions. DRY GOODS ATTORNEYS. M. S. WOODCOCK, .A-ttornev - at - Law, Corvallis, Oregon. KELSAY & KEESEE. .A-ttorneys - at - Law. Corvallis, 19-22-yl. Oregon. A. CHENOWETH. F. M. JOHNSON. CHENOWETH & JOHNSON, A.ttorneys - at - Law, Corvallis, - - Oregon. 19-2flyl C . MADDEN, Attorney t Law CORVALLIS, OREGON. Cora -His, June 24, 1882. 19-19yl CENTRAL OREGON ESTATE AGENCY, Head Office adjoining the Postoffice, Corvallis, - - - Oregon. Will oractice In all of the Courts of the State. 18:62yl E. HOLGATE, A.ttorney - at - Law convAT.Li.s, - Oregon. SPECIAL attention eiven to collections, and money collected promptly paid over. Careful and prompt attention given to Probate matters. Con veyancing and searching of records, &c LOANS NEGOTIATED. Will give attention to buying, selling and leasing real estate, and comlucta a general collecting and busi ness agency. OIHce on Second Street, one door north of Irvin's shoe shop. 18:43yl PHYSICIANS. F. A. JOHNSON, IPhysician, . Surgeon, And Electrician. Chronic Diseases n ade a specialty. Catarrh suc efully treated. Also Oculist and Aurist. Office in Fisher's Block, one dqor West of Dr. F. A. Vincent's dental office. Office hours rom 8 to 12 and from 1 to 8 o'clock. 19:27yl T. V. B. EMBREE, M. D., Irliysici!vn fc Surgeon. Office 2 doors south of H. E. Harris' Store, Corvallis, - - Oregon. Residence on the southwest comer of block, north and west of the Methodist church. 19:21-yrl. 6. R, FABRA, M. D, l3b.ysioian & Surgeon. 0 FFICE OVER GRAHAM, HAMILTON & CO'S Drug Store. Corvallis, Oregon 19:25yl MISCELLANEOUS. J. H. NORRIS, WAGON MAKER, Philomath, Oregon. Blacksmi thing and Wagonmaking a specialty. By constantly keeping on hand the best materials and doing superior work, I expect to merit a share of public patronage. 32m3 J. H. Norrih. F. J. Hendrichson, Boot and Shoe Maker, Philomath, Oregon. I alwavs keep on hand superior ma terial ana warrant my worK. 1 aSK an examination of my goods before purchasing elsewhere. 19-32-lyr F. J. Hendrichson. F. J. ROWLAND, Blacksmith & Wagonmaker, Philomath, Oregon. Mr. Rowland is prepared to do all kinds of wagon making, repairing and blacksmithing to order. He uses the best of material every time and warrants his work. 19-32-lyr " MOORE & SPENCER: uccessor to T. J. Buford.) Sbing, Shampooing, Sair Cutting, Hot and Cold Baths. Buford OU Stand. 18:36:ly The above agency lias the larjet and best sclec tion of farms and ranches for sale in Benton County For full particulars of properties see ' Oregon Colonist. Persons desiring satisfaction in buvinif or selling should first communicate with Chard: Hkrbekt .N ash, who will give them every attention. 19:25yl Real Estate for Sale. Will sell a farm of 478 acres for less than $18 per acre, being one of the cheapest and best farms in Bentoi. county, situated 4 miles west of Monroe, of a mile from a good school, in one of the best neigh borhoods in the state with church privileges handy. About 130 acres in cultivation, and over 400 can be cultivated. All under fence, with good two story frame house, large barn and orchard; has running water the vear around, and is well suited tor stock and dairy purposes. This is one of the cheapest farms in the Willamette Valley Also, two improved lots on the main business street with small stable, woodshed and a good, comfortable dwelling house containing seven good rooms. These lots arc nicely situated for any kind of business pur poses. For fnrthcr information enquire at the Gazette Office. NERVOUS DEBHITY. A Sure Care Guaranteed. C. W. PH.LSRICK, GENERAL Contractor and Bridge Builder, AT Corvallis. Oregon. Will attend promptly to all work under 19-27yl E. H. TAYLOR, 3D IE InTTI S T The oldest established Dentist and the best outfit in Corvallis. All w.-vrlc kept in rojviir froe of charsre and satisfac on giiaHrateed, Teeth extracted without pain by he use of Nitrous Oxide Gas. :t"too'n8 up-stairs over .laoba & Neumann' new Brick Store, Corvallis, Oregon. 19:27yi HUTTON & HILL9ARD, I LACK SMITH INC; AND Carriage and Buggy Ironing, Done Neatly. HORSE-SHOEING A SPECIALTY. CorvalliN, Oregon. 19-27n.fi OCCIDENTAL HOTEL. Corvallis, Oregon. CANAN & GIB LIN. PROPRIETORS. THE OCCIDENTAL is a new Iraikling, newly furnished, and is first class iu all its appointments. RATES LIBERAL. Stages leave the hotel for Albany and Yaquina Bay Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Large Sample Room on First Floor for Commercial flfco. 19-35 ly THE YAQUINA HOUSE ! Is now prepared to accommodate travelers IN FIRST-CLASS STYLE. MEALS AT ALL HOURS FOR OXLY 25 CERTS. R. E. C. WEST'S NERVE AND BRAIN TREAT ment, a specific for Hysteria, Dizziness, Convul ons. Nervous Headache, Mental Depression, Loss of Memory, Spermatorhie-a, Impoteney. Involuntary omissions, premature old ae, caused by over exertion, self-abuse or over-indulg-cnce, which leads to misery, decay and death. One box will cure re cent eases. Each box contains one month's treat ment ; one dollar abox, or six boxes for five dol lars ; sent by mail prepaid on receipt of price. We guarantee six boxes to cure any case. With each order received by ua for six boxes, accompanied with five dollars, we will send the purchaser our written guarantee to return the money if the treat ment does not effect a cure. Guarantees issued only by WOODARD, CLARK & CO., Wholesale and Retail Druyjjists, Portland Oregon. Orders by mail at regular prices. 10-13 y 1 CONSUMPTION CURED An old physician, retired from active practice, having had placed in his hands by an East India Missionary the formula of a simple vegetable remedy for the speedy and permanent cure of Consumption, Bronchitis, Catarrh, Asthma, and all Throat and Lung affections, also a positive and radical cure for general Debility and all nervous com plaints, after having thoroughly tested its wonderful curative powers in thousands of cases, feels it his duty to make it known to his suffering fellows. The recipe with full particulars, directions tor preparation ani use, and all necessary advice and ini-uc-tions for successful treatment at your own home, will be received by you by return mail, free of charge by addressing with stamp or stamped self-addressed envelope to JJR. Al. K. BKLL,, 1G1 N. Calvert St., Baltimore, Md. 19:2yl MEW FIRM ! iGRifllTlR.il IMPLEMENTS We have in stock.the Doerinsr Twine Binders, Deering and Standard Mowvrs, Minnesota Chief Threshers, Morrison Plows, Minnesota Giant and Stillwater Engines, Elwood mounted Horse-Power, Centennial Fannin irill, cel ebrated Bucke3'e line of Seeders and Drills. We also keep the celebrated Whitewater and Ketch mn wagons. junc2yl Yf. H. MILLHOLLAND. S. MATHISEN, BUGGY, CARRIAGE AXD WAGON MAKER. REPAIRING DONE AT REASONABLE RATES. All work warranted. Shop across the street opposite Mensinsrer & pei- dell's blacksmith sbop. CORVALLIS, OREGON. I0-24m3-p PORTER, SLESSEHGER & CO,, Manufacturers and Jobber's of THE CELEBRATED IRON CLAD BOOT & SHOE. These Goods are Warrant ed not to rip. All Genuine have the trade mark "IKON CLAD" stamped thereon. 117 Battery Street, San 'Francisco, Cal. GOODS FOR SALE AT MAX FRIENDLY' S Corvallis, Oregon. HORSE FEED Constantly on hand, at the LOWEST LIVING RATES. Situaued on the Yaquina Road, half way rom Corvallis to Newport. 19:12m3. P. BRYANT. PORTLAND BUSINESS COLLEGE, (Old " NATIONAL," Established 18G6. 1AC f ! Between Washington and Alder, PORTLAND, - - - OREGON. An institution designed 'for the practical business education of both sexes. J. W. HANSON, MERCHANT Next door North of Post Office, CORVALLIS, - - 0REG0S. Pantaloons made to order of Oregon Goods for $7.50. English Goods, $ll. French, $14 Suits from $30 to $60.S Cleaning; and Repairing donA at Eeasombl Rat 18:5m Admitted on any week-day of the year. No vacation at any time, and no exam ination on entering. Scholarship, for Full Business Course, $60 PEN WORK Of all kinds executed to order at reasonable rates, satisfaction guaranteed. The College Journal, containing informa tion of the course of study, when to enter, time required, cost of board, etc., and cuts of ornamental penmanship, from the pen of Prof. Wasco, sent free. Address A. P. ARMSTRONG, Lock Box 104, Portland, Oregon. 19-31 mft Total Annihilation. Oh, he was a Bowery bootblack bold. And hia years they numbered nine; Rouh and unpolished was he, albeit He constantly aimed to shine. As proud as a king on a box he sat, Munching; an apple red. While the boys of his set looked wistfully on, And "Give us a bite!" they said. But the bootblack smiled a lordly smile; "No free bites here!" he cried. Then the boys they sadly walked away, Save one who stood at his side. "Bill, give us the core," he whispered low. That bootblack smiled once more, And a mischevious dimple grew in his cheek "There ain't goin' to be no core!" Harper for July. 9IM a week. ?13 a day at home easily made. Coatly f I U outfit Iree, Address lTue & uo. , A usruata. Me. The Com Crop. It appears that we are not only to have a great" wheal crop, but a great corn crop aa well. The Com mercial Price Current has the fol lowing: "Throughout a large part of the corn producing sections the weather has been favorable in the recent past, an'l there has been a steady and gratifying improvement in the condition and prospect of the crop, and in a general way the outlook may now be considered flattering, the only apprehension of significance being in reference to the possibility of damaging frosts in September in the northern portion of the corn dis tricts. The crop is generally 10 to 15 days later in growth than a year ago in most sections, and. would be seriously injured by early hard frost. The late ness and drawbacks of the planting season awakened considerable of apprehension in regard to the crop, especially so in view of the shortage last year and the depletion of stocks and reserves in the country. But that the possibilities, and even prob abilities of i he season, now favor a crop of 50 per cent, greater propor tions than that of 1881, and greater than the yield of any previeus year, must ne plain to any one that will carefully peruse and analyze the in formation herewith given The Census returns show the corn crop of 1S79 to have been 1,155,000, 000 bushelw, and the Agricultural Bureau reports have shown 1,717, 000,000 bushels for 18S0, and a re duction to 1,195,000,000 bushels for 1881. The special reports furnished to the Cincinnati Price Current for 12 of the prominent corn producing RtateH, indicate a total of 1,295,000, 000 bushels for these states, agains1 890,000,000 in 1881, 1,278,000,000 in 1880 and 1,399.000,000 in 1879. Estimates from reliable sources for other sections of the country bring the prospective crop tor 1882 up to an aggregate of 1,800,000,000 bushels. : ducted at the west. It is only there that extensive ranges can be had for grrat herds. But the fear of Indians and the ignorance of the Eastern people of the profits arising from stock raising have prevented many from going into the business. There is no longer any serious fear of In dian outbreaks except in Arizona, and the railroads stretching through the territories offer every facility for the transportation of cattle to mar ket. The business of stock raising is carried on by comparatively few people, who do not desire to see it extended. The stories of dangers to be encountered originate with them. It costs them a mere trifle to raise cattle, and the returns are so large that they are doing- all that lie in their power to prevent competition. The cattle run out all winter, and no shelter or food is required for them except that which nature provides. In conclusion, the writer says that there are cattle enough at this time to meet at reasonable rates the needs of consumers, and that prices have been driven up by a combination of speculators. The retail dealers and butchers, of course, are no moie re sponsible for the high prices than the consumers. They must pay what thp speculators demand or stop their business. New York Shipping List. Tie Cattle Trade. The price of beef cattle, though somewhat lower than it has been for some months, is still relatively high, and like" y to so continue for an in definite period. A well-informed correspondent, writing from Mon tana, states that the present supply 'n the chief cattle ranges of the West is ample, bnt that it does not increase in proportion to the increase of pop ulation and the European demand "The beef famine," he says, "is mere ly a panic and will soon be over; but it is a warning of what may really occur if we do not take pains to raise more beef." Last year we had in the whole United States 33,000,000 cattle, 39,000,000 sheep, and 34,000, 000 swine. This is regarded by the writer as inadequate to the demand of 50.000, 000 people, increasing at the rate of a million a year from natural causes and by the addition of another mil lion from foreign emigration. Mak ing allowance for the consumption of mutton and pork, he says: "We are raising beef for 40,000,000 of peo ple, whereas we should be raising beef for 80,000,000, in view of the steadily progressive increase of popu lation and the European demand, bearing in mind that 976,480 cattle were shipped to Europe in 1881. Our ability to raise cattle to an al most indefinite extent is demonstra ted by the official surveys. They show that the whole United States contains 3,003,884 square miles, ot which 1,500,000 square miles are set down as grazing lands. The grazing lands on the Platte, Powder and Tongue rivers alone amount to over 12,000,000 acres ot the very best. The business of stock raising must, of necessity, be con- Tne Wneat yield of the United States Cali fornia the Banner State. The San Francisco Jbitrnal of Commerce says: Praclstreef s gener ally recognized as a conservative au thority, gives the wheat yield of the United States, for 1832, as follows: Ohio 40,500,000 Michigan 29,000,000 Indiana 46,000,000 Kentucky 16.000,000 Illinois 51,500,000 Wisconsin 23,800,000 Minnesota 41,500,000 Dakota 12,000,000 Nebraska 18,000,000 Kansas 33,000,000 Iowa 32,000,000 Missouri 30,000,000 California 49,000,000 Oregon and Washington Ter., 10,000,000 Southern states 48,500,000 Middle states 39,500,000 New England : 1, 100,000 Orlorado and Territories 5,000,000 Total yield of wheat 526,400,000 This is about fifty million bushels less than the estimate of the 'Now York Commercial Bulletin; but our authority does not give it. as1 final and promises a further review when the results of threshing throughout the country are known. The figures for California and those for Oregon and Washington Territory, are those of the S. F. Journal of Commerce, with the odd hundred of thousands of bushels left off. They show California as the banner wheat State of the Union, a fact put forward months ago by this journal. It is true that Illinois ap pears in the table for 51,500,000 bushels, or a million and a half more than California; but this is an excep tional year for Illinois, and only a moderate one for California. Had every acre planted in this state yield ed as it did in 1880, we would have had this year 56,000,000 buhels, while California, in 1880, produced four million bushels more than Illi nois has done this year. Even with the season against Cal ifornia, she has done better than any other state outside of Illinois; has produced one fourth more than all the Middle states, New York, Penn sylvania etc.; indeed, exceeds the whole yield of the Southern states by a million bushels, and produces nearly forty times the yield, of all New England. All this shows the great and grow ing importance of California as a wheat producing state. Fattening and Care of Cattle. Prot. Brown, of the Ontario Agri cultural College, has recently put himself on record in regard to cattle raising. Some of his points or sug gestions are open to criticism, al thongh nearly all of his deductions will meet the approval of the ma jority of breeders. The Professor says the purpose of cattle fattening is: 1. To obtain the largest quantity of the best quality of beef at the least cost under 3 years of age. 2. To aim at breeding, raising, jmd fattening one cattle beast from every ten cultivated acres of the province. v 3. To grow all the food required for these purposes within ourselves. 4. The tinimafs to weigh alive not less than 1,500 pounds each. 5. The net cost of production, giv ing credit for manure, not to exceed five cents per pound, live weight. 6. To obtain one ton of manure per month from each cattle beast over 2 years old when stabled to finish the fattening process. 7. The value ol such manure, un der the best management, to be made worth $2 50 per ton. In any class it is desirable to have: 8. Purity of sire. 9. A certain age and sex. 10. A quiet disposition. 11. Quality as indicated by fine head and ears fine bone, horn, tail, and a medium thick skin, having plenty'of fine, soft, silky hair, with mellowness. 12. A weight carrying frame. 13. Such a breed as will mature, or premature, from 2 to 3 years of age. 14. Having the charter of doing best upon Ontario pastures. 15. Giving the best quality of flesh with least offal. 17. Sure breeders and good nurses. 17. The Shorthorn grade is best for weight, early maturity and stall feeding. 18. The Heroferd grade is best for hardiness and grazing disposition. 19. The Aberdeen Poll grade is the best for an even average of all re quirements. 20. The Galloway grade ' is the best for extreme hardiness and qualr ity of flesh. 21. The Devon grade is the best for nursing and sure breeding. The use of the food of fattening cattle is to 22. Keep up animal hea of life. 23. Repair the waste. 24. Increase growth,. 25. Produce flesh and fat. Its value is affected by 26. The particular bieed. 27. Age of the animal. 28. Individual character. 29. Conditions of life, such as tem pe ratiire. 30. Management. 33. Chemically we can calculate upon getting ona pound of flesh from ! any food that has ten part of dry substances in its composition; thus 100 pounds of Swede turnips, having as much as ninety parts of water, will only give the pound of flesh, while 100 pounds of corn, having only thirteen parts of water, will give ten pounds of flesh. 40. From birth to the time a cattle beast is ripe the daily rate of increase on an average should not be less than one and one-half pounds; thus, a 3-year-dld should? iveigh 1000 pounds; a 21-2-year-old 1,360; and a 2-year-old 1,100 pounds alive. 41. But, in fact, the daily rate of increase is more up to 2 years than at any time afterwards. A 2-year-old well done to will weigh 1,400, if carried on to 3 years will not scale less than 1,800 pounds. USEFUL HOUSEHOLD HINTS. Utilizing Stalk Bread. Thin slices of bread dipped in tomato sauce, and then fried in butter until they are brown, take the place of an omlet. This is a good way to utilize stale bread. Gingerbread. Good plain gin gerbread is made of two pounds of flour, half a pound of butter, half a pound of sugar, two tablespoonfuls each of cinnamon and ginger, one pint of molasses, a teaspoonful of soda dissolved in a half a cup of sweet milk; if yon have sour milk, use that, and add half a teaspoonful more of the soda; bake in very thin layers; mark each layer with a fork in lines an inch apart. The oven should be hot when the gingerbread is put in. Potatoes ala Ductiessk. These are now the most fashionable, and if a really good potato is capable of being improved, perhaps this is the best method. Take cold, well-seasoned mashed potatoes, roll out and form into little biscuit-shaped cakes (a little flour may be used to form them, but do not mix flour with the potato); arrange cakes on a pie-plate glaze them over with beaten egg?, and bake to a delicate brown. Lemon Shortcake. Lemon short' cake requires a rich and very crust; it must hot be too thick, either; when baked; cut it open and spread butter on the upper and under pSrtsj then pnt in a filling made of the rind, juice and pulp of two lemons, oner heaping cup of sugar, snrS one cup of cream; if you eatittft procure cremrt make a filling as for lemon jelly cake with water thickened with corn! starch in place of cream; cook in a basin set in a pan of boiling wnterr Grape Jelly. Jelly made front unripe grapes, just before they change from green to purple, is "very delicate. Wash the grapes, after picking them from the stems, Jn sev- eral waters, then pitt them in a porce lain kettle; wash them before putting' them on the stove, as then you wilt not need to put arty water with them and of course the less water the less time it will take to boi! the juice. Pnt the grapes when sufficiently cooked in a bag made of firm flannel;, add let the juice drain out without squeezing if possible. Lamb Chops are excellent cooked in this way: Pnt them in a frying pan, with very little water, so little that it will boil away by the time" the meat is tender; then put iu lumps of butter with the neaf . and let it brown Blowly; there will be a brow.,, crisp surface, with a line flavor. Serve for breakfast with potatoes? cooked thus: Choose smalPones, and let them boil till they are tender;' drain off the water, and pour over them, while still in the kettle, at least one teacupful of cream; mash them smooth in this. Souffle of Different Fruits. With fruits of a soft and juicy na ture, such as peaches, apricots, plums, bananas, etc., proceed in this manner: Remove the kernels and press tho fruit through a sieve; put wha you have thus obtiined in a bowl, adding one-half a pound of powdered sngar and the whites of three eggs; beat well, and add a little kirschwasser or maraschino as flavoring. Then take the whites of six or seven egg and beat them into a Stiff froth. Mix well together, put this on a dish in si well-heated oven for four or six minutes before serving. Sprinkle powdered sugar on top. Peach Pyramid. Cut n dozen peaches in halves, peel and take out stones, crack half the seeds, and blanch the kernels; maltc a clear boil ing syrup of one pound of white su gar, and into it pnt the peaches and kernels; boll very gently ten minutes; take out half the peaches, boil thei rest for ten minutes longer, and tako out all the peaches and kernels; mix with the syrup left in the kettle tho strained juice of three lemons, and an ounce of isinglass disolved in a little water and strained; boil uponcfl fill a mould half full of the syrup, of jelly; let stand until "set," add part of the peaches and a little more jelly, and when this is "set" add the rest of the peaches and fill up the mould with jelly. This makes a delicious and ornamental dessert Tonato Soup. Always use cold water in making all soup; skim well, especially during the first hour. There is great necessity for thorough skim ming, and to help the scum rise, pour in a little cold water now and then, and as the soup reaches the boiling point, skim it off. Use salt at first sparingly, and season with salt and pepper;allow one quart of soup to three or four persons. For tomato soup allow one gallon ot stock made from nice fresh beef to three quarts of fresh tomatoes; remove tho skin and cut out the hard center; put through a fine sieve- and add to the stock; make a paste of butter and flour, and when the stock begins to boil, stir in half a teacup of the paste, taking care not to have it lumpy; boil twenty minntes, seasoning with salt and pepper to taste. Two quarts of the canned tomatoes will answer. The first sign of anything wron; in a cow is the failing in milk, a re fusal to feed, standing apart front other cattle in tbe field; the feces becomes hard and dry, emaciation follows, vhe animal passes bloody urine, and in a very few days death ensues. By post mortem we find enlarged spleen and liver, with cists and abcesses, frequently, and the liver having a peculiar yellow or brownish appearance. In a number of cattle that we examined we found the same appearance generally. The flesh takes on a black, yellowish ap pearance, caused by an excess of the coloring matter of the gall, and in every case becoming putrid in a short time as the result of conges tion. This is Texas fever.