Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 15, 1882)
Published Every Friday Morning
TslL. S. WOODCOCK.
(Payable in Advance.)
Ux lioathii 1 50
Three Months 1 00
Blnzle Cuuiex lc
All notices nd advertisements intended for puli
ation should be hamlixl in by noon on Wednesdays.
Rates of advertising made known on application.
A. F. AND A. M.
CorrallM Lodjfe, No. 14, A. F. and A. M., meets on
Wednesday eveBiwr, on or preceding fuli moon.
JOHN KEESEE, W. M.
Rocky Lodge, No. 75, A. F. and A. M. , meets on
Wednesday evening after full moon.
S. E. BELKNAP, W. M.
R. A. M.
Ferguson Chapter, No. 5, It. A. M., meets Thurs
Aajr eveuiug on or preceding full moon.
WALLACE BALDWIN, H. P.
K. OF P.
Valley JjoAzt No. 11, K. of P. , meets every Mon
day evening ' W. H MANS IELl, C. C.
JA8. HEADMAN, Jr., K. K. S.
L O. O. F.
Barnum Lodge, No. 7, I. O. O. F.. meets every
nMday evening. T. C ALEXANDER, N. G.
A. 0. U. W.
Friendship Lodge, No. 14, A. O. U. W., meets first
and third Thursdays in each mouth.
e. b. Mcelroy, m. w.
CHURCH DIRECTOR V.
BAPTIST CHURCH SERVICES.-Preaching
every secoud and fourth Sabbath in each month
at the College Chaiiel, by the Rev F. P. Davidson.
Services begin at 11 A. M., "and 0:30 f. M. All are in
vited. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. Regular services
every Habbath morning and evening. Sunday
Hhool at the close of the morning service. Prayer
mcetins: Thursday evening at 7 o'clock. Public cor
dially Invited. H. P. DUNNING.
EVANGELICAL CHURCH -Services regularly ev
ery Sabbath morning and evening, unless otherwise
announced. Sunday school at 3 p. M. each Sabbath.
Prayer meeting every Thursday at 7 P. m. The
publi cordially invited
Rev. J. Bowkrsox, Pastor.
M. E, CUURCH Regular services every Sunday
7 P. if. Sunday-school at 1 o'clock with Bible ciasses
for old and young. Prayer meeting on Wednesday
evening at 7 o dock. A general invitation ami coruiai
welcome. r . ti.uuri, I'asior.
M. E. CHURCH SOUTH -Services every Sabbath
at 11 A. ll. and 7 r. V. , at the college chapei. Sunday-
school at 9:3G a. Bt Prayer meeting rriuay evenm
at 7 o'clock. Public cordialiv invited.
J. R. N. BKLL, Pastor.
CORVALLIS, OREGON, SEPT. 15, 1882.
W. C. Crawford,
J e w lk E R
Tp'EKPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND A LARGE
LV ai(ort:nent of Watches, Clock!, Jewelry, etc.
All kinds of repairinjr done on short noticd. and al
worif warranted. (iS:33-yl
II . E. HAERIS
One Door South of Graham & Hamilton's,
DE Y GOODS.
Cora . ilis, June 24. 1SS2. 19-10yl
Head Office adjoining the Postoffice,
Corvallis, ... Oregon.
M. S. WOODCOCK,
-A.ttornev - at - Law,
KELSAY & KEESEE.
.Attorneys - at - Law.
Corvallis, - - Oregon.
F. M. JOHNSON
CHENOWETH & JOHNSON,
.Attorneys - at - Law.
Corvallis, - - Oregon.
Attorney - at - Law
Cor v a lis, - - O reo on.
SrECIAL attention (fiven to collections, and money
collected promptly paid over. Careful and
prompt attention driven to Probate matters. Oon
tc yancingr and ftearchinjj of records, Ac
Will (five attention to buying, selling and lealnff real
ettate, and conducts a general collecting and busi
Offlco on Socond Street, ona door north of Irvin's
hoe shop. 18:43yl
F. A. JOHNSON,
Chronic Diseases n.ade a Mpcoialty. Catarrh suc
enfully treated. Also Oculint and Aurist.
Ofllce in Fisher's Block, one door West of Dr. F.
A. Vincent's dental office. Office hours rom 8 to 12
and from 1 to G o'clock. 19:27vl
T.V. B. EfiBREE. M. D.,
IPh.ysi.ci.an & Stircjeon.
Office 2 doors south o H . E. Harris' Store,
Corvallis, - - Oregon.
Retiidence on the southwest corner of block, north
i nd west of the Methodist church.
fa'. R. FARRA, M. D.,
l-'hysic.ian & Surgeon.
FFICi; -OVER GRAHAM, HAMILTON ft CO'S
Drug Store. Cor vail U, Oregon 19:25yl
The above agency has the largest and best selec
tion of farms and ranches for sale in iienton County
For full particulars of properties see "Oregon
Persons desiring satisfaction ijj buying or selling
should first communicate with Chahlbs Herbert
N'acIi, who will give them every attejitiou.
C. W. PHILBRICK,
Contractor and Bridge Buiidsr.
Will attend promptly to all work under
E. H. TAYLOR,
3D jE nSTT I S T
The oldest established Dentist and
the best outfit in Corvallis.
AUwork kept in rs; tir frei of charge and satisfac
on ginrviteud. Teeth extracted without pain by
he use of Nitrous Oxide Gas.
jrT upstair over Jacobs & Neusrass new
ones store, uorvauw, uregoii. IvtSfyi
HUTTOW & MILLIARD,
BLACK SMITE IXG AND
Carriage and Buggy Ironing,
HQRSE-SHGEJMG A SPECIALTY.
CANAN & GiBLIN, PROPRIETORS.
THE OCCIDENTAL is a new building.
newly furnished, and ia first class in all its
Stages leave the hotel for Albany and Yaquina Eay
aionuays, eanesaays anu rriuay-s.
Large Sample Room on First Floor for
Commercial Men. 19-35 ly
J. H. NORRIS,
Blacksmithingr and Wajronmakinjr a specialty. In
constantly keeping on hand the best materials and
doing superior work, I expect to merit a share of
public patronage. 2ra3 J. H. KORKU.
F. J. Hendrichson,
Boot and Shoe Maker,
I always keep on hand superior ma
terial and warrant my work. I ask an examination
of my goods before purchasing elsewhere
19-32-lyr F. J. Hendrichson.
F. J. ROWLAND,
Blacksmith & Wagonmaker,
Mr. Rowland is prepared to do all kinds of wagon
making, repairing and blacksmithing to order. He
uses the best of material every time and warrants
his work. 19-3'2-lyr
MOORE & SPENCER:
accessor to T. J Buford.)
Shrag, Shampooing, Hair Cutting,
Hot and Cold Baths.
Buford's Old Stand. 18:36:ly
kept (constantly on hand at
Mrs. L. A. Dennick's
Brick Yard, near the Souring mill, on the new ferry
read. Smith of Orvallls. lt3m3
THE YAQUINA HOUSE!
Is now prepared to accommodate travelers
IN FIRST-CLASS STYLE.
MEALS AT ALL HOURS FOR
OilTL,' 25 CEiTS.
Notice is hereby given to all persona whom it may
concern, tnat the co-partnersnip heretoiore ex
istinir under the firm name and stvle of E. C.
VaugfeAa &Co.,at Corvallis, Oregon, and encaged
m me jfenerai grocery, provision and crockerj- busi
neaa, was on the 2nd day of September 1SS2. dissolv
ed by mutual consent, 3!r. S. H. Look retirinir from
the firm. Mr. E. C. Vaugban Will continue tha
business at the old stand, who will collect all de
mands due the late firm and will also pay all de
mands against said firm. S. II. Look,
372 E. G. Valghan.
NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION.
Land Office at orearn Citv, Oregon.
Aug. 19, 1832.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE FOL-
lovving named settler has filed notice of his intcn
tion to make final proof in support of his claim, and
that said proof will be made before the County Clerk
oi ucniion county at uorvanis, uregon, on
MONDAY, SEPT. 25, .1882.
viz: Frank Bennett, I'reen ption D. B. No. C722,'for
UN s. L. quarter of Sec. I-:, T. 12, S. K. 7. W.
He names the following witnes. e to pro1 e his
continuous residen o upon and eu :ivatiori of. said
land, viz: William Allen, Marshal Ailen, Edgar Allen,
and Lincoln Beiiiiett, all of Philomath, henton
ly:ai-wr- L. T. DARIN. Kegister.
Administratrix's Sale of Real Estate.
In the matter of the estate of .lohn .Tessun. deceased
Notice i hereby given, that by virtue of an order
of Kale duly made by the County Court of the State
of Oregon for Lenton county, on the Stli dav of No
vember 1881, at the regular November term 1881 of
kuu cvon, ana uuiy entcrcu in me journal oi saiu
court, directing and commanding me, Nancy A.
Jeasnp, administratrix of said estate, to sell at nublic
auction, according to law, all the right, title, interest
and estate that the said John Jcssup, deceased, had
at the time of his death, m and to the following des
unbed property, to-wit: All of the cast half of the
northwest quarter and the went half of the northeast
paarter of section nine, township eleven, S. of li.
Jeven, west of Wil. iner.. all beimr and situated in
Benton county, State of Oregon. And in pursuance
i auu in aceoruance wren .said order oi aate, I, ancy
tV. Jes.-up, administratrix of the estate of John Jes
FUp, deceased, will on
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1SS2,
at the hour of one oclotrk P. M. of said dav, in front
of the court house door in the City of Corvallis in
tenton comity. Mate of Oregon, sell at uubiic auc
tion to the highest bidder for cash in hand, all the
right, title, interest and estate which the said .John
jessui, ueceasea. nan at trie tune fr btsdeftLb. in nr
to the above desenbtid real property together with
the appurtenances thereto belonging.
AAM' A. JESSUP,
Admistratrix of the estate of John Jessup, deceased.
ubhm tins zra uay oi August ltf-oOwa
In the name of the State of Oregon.
fo all whom it may concern, notice ia herebv
eiven by the undersigned: John Burnett and M. S.
Woodcock, residents and householders and rronertv
holders of the City of Corvallis. in Benton count v.
Oregon, and who are the exclusive owners of Block
Xo. seven In the county addition to said City of
Corvallis, each owning the following parts thereof
as hereafter doscrRted, to-wit: the said John Burnett
is the exclusive owner of lots one, two, eleven and
twelve in said block No. seven, and that said M. S
Woodcock is the exclusive owner of lots three, four.
five, six, seven, eight, nine and ten in said block
No. seven, and that there is an alley about fourteen
feet in width and about three hundred feet in length,
extending north and south through said block of
Iflfis which alicv is bounded on the east bv s:wJ lots
one, two, three, four, five and six and on the west by
said lots seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven and twelve;
that the undersigned and owners of said block did
on the ISthday of August 18S2, tile with the Recor
der oi said City their petition in writing, dul' Higned
by them, praying, and thereby petition imr, the said
Common Council of said City of Corvallis, to vacate
said alley above described. The said petitioners be
ing the exclusive and only owners of all property ad
joining said alley and the only persons who will m
any way be effected by vacatmir the same: and op the
9th day of October A. D, 1882, at the regular meeting
of said Common Council in October 1382, we, the
said petitioners, will apply to said Ccmmon Council
to grant the prayer of said petition and vacate said
alley. John Bcunktt,
M. S. OODCOCK.
Dated thislSth day of August 1882. 19-a5w5
Iu the Circuit Court of the State of Oresron. for
the County of Benton.
Jacob iiamn.er and Hannah Hamaier, Plaintiffs,
Nathaniel Markham and Thomas Markham. De
To Nathaniel Markham and Thomas Markham.
the above nailed defendants :
In the name of the State of Oregon, you and each
of you, are hereby summoned and required to be
iiul appear m the above entit.cu court and answer
the complaint of the above named plaintiffs in this
suit now o;i file in the oltice of the clerk of said court.
iv the first day of the next regular term of said
ourt,that is to say on the 20th day ot November 1882.
You and each of you are hereby notified that if
ou fail to answer said complaint as herein require!.
the plaintiffs will apply to the court for the relief
prayed for and demanded iu the complaint in this
suit, which is that the said court decree that the said
femlants execute to the said plaintiffs good and
utficient conveyances of the premises described in
aid complaint as hereinafter described, conveying
the title of said premises to said plaintiffs, and if
he nud oeiesndanxa laii to execute said conveyance
within thirty days after the entry of said decree, then
said decree shall opperate as a conveyance of said
title from said defendants to said plaintiff and for
such further relief as may be just and for the costs
and disbursements oi this suit, llie paid lund is more
rt:eularlv described as follows, to-wit: The east
half of Jacob Hammer and Hannah Hammer's dona
tion land claim, lying in sections 26, and 27 and 34
Mm sa. in township 14. south ranee o. west, in Ben
ton county, in the State of Oregon.
Tins summons is published bv order of the Court
above named, duly and regularly made in term time
on the 20th day of March 1S'J2, that being the regu
lar March term of said Court for the year last named,
which order bears date as last above stated and
which order is duly and regularly entered in the
ournal oi saiu Court for said term.
M. S. Woodcoce,
19-32w7 Attorney for said plaintiffs.
Dedicated with great respect, but no love, to the
subject of the lines. H. D. MOON.
I sit me down to write a song;
Th subject of my pen,
Shall be of one I've loved so Ion;,
The fair Rebecca Wrenr.
She's been the fairest one to me
These many lonesome years
And when her winsome tmilo I we,
Ah, how my soul it cheers.
I pav no idle complirnent
To say that ahe is fair;
She seems to be from heaven sent
To banish every care
1 see iu life hut one great prize,
And that is only whan
I look into those soulftd eyes
Ot fair Rebecca Wrerw.
She's beautiful and very sweet,
And queen of all the land,
I never can think my life comp?eta
Until I gain her band.
Of all the damsels bright and fair,
There's not within my ken
A maiden that can half compare
With fair Rebecca Wrenn.
Ot love has been a fleeting prise.
Since I have felt its power;
It winks at me with scornful eje
And taunts ine every hour;
But could I ever gain the love
Of fair Rebecca Wrenn
I feel that I would surely prove
The happiest of men.
Value of Fruit.
It is a fact that fruit is a great reg
ulaior of the human system. It will
keep the blood in order, the bowels
regular, tone up the stomach, and is
positively a specific in many diseas
es. It is said of a doctor who be
came largely interested in peach
growing, that lie recommended
peaches to his patience on all occa
sions. The story was told to illus
trate the man's meanness; but if he
was mean it was a meanness that
benefited his patients. If men were
wise they would spend two days iu
a vineyard or orchard to every five
minutes in a drug-store when any
thing is the matter with them. If
you have dyspepsia, eat fruit. Did
you ever think what a doctor gives
for dispepsia? He gives an acid.
Fruit will furnish a better acid than
a drugstore will. Do you know
what the doctors dose yon with when
your liver is out of order? With
acids. Then why not supply the
remedy yourself from your own gar
den? Why continue to have your
medicine doue up in such a repulsive
mixture when nature furnishes it in
so palatable a shape. Every home
should have at least one grape vine.
Once in posession it would be almost
above price. Madison Wis. West
Constantly on hand, at the
LOWEST LIVING RATES.
Sitnaued on the Yaquina Road, half way
rom Corvallis to Newport.
19:12m3. P. BRYANT.
J. W. HANSON,
Next door North of Post Office,
CORVALLIS, - . - . 0BEG0X.
Pantaloons made to order of Oregon
Goods for $7.50.
English Goods, 11. French, 814
B3 Suite from $30 to $60. TSi
Cleaning snd Repairing: done at Beenbl Rat
Real Estate for Sale.
Will Fell a farm of47$ aeres for less than S18 per
acre, being one of the cheapest and best forma in
Hento:. county, situated 4 miles west of Monroe, iof
a mile from a good school, in one of the best neiffh-
tKrnoods m tne state with church privileges handy.
About 130 acres in cultivation, ami over 400 can be
cultivated. All under fence, with good two. story
frame house, large barn and orchard; has running
water the vear around, and is well suited tor stock
and dairy purposes. This is one of the cheapest farms
in the Willamette Valley
Also, two improved lotson the main business street
with small stable, woodshed and a good, comfortable
dwelling house containine; seven good rooms. These
lots are nicely situated for any kind of business pur
poses. For further iuforniation enquire at the
& Sure Care Guaranteed.
DR. E. C. WEST'S NERVE AND BRAIN TRE T
ment, a specific for Hysteria, Dizziness, Con vul
ions. Nervous Hnadache, Mental Depression, Loss
of Memory, Spennaloriiica, lmpotency. Involuntary
emissions, premature old ae, caused by over
exertion, self-abuse or over-indulgence, which leads
to misery, decay and death. One box will cure re
cent cases. Each box contains one month's treat
ment ; one dollar abox, or six boxes for five dol
lars ; sent by mail prepaid on receipt of price. We
guarantee six boxes to cure any case. With each
order received by us for six boxes, accompanied
with five dollars, we will send the purchaser our
written imarantee to return the money 'f the treat
ment does not effect a cure. Gua. . ntees issued
WOODARD, CLARK & CO.,
Wholesale and Retail Drusyists, Portland Oregon.
Orders by mail at regular price. 19-13 y 1
IM a week. S12 a day at home easily made. Costly
1 S outfit free. Address True & Co., Augusta, Me.
ALL KINDS OF JOB WORK DONE
at this office. Letter heads, etc
Whitewashing Fruit Trees.
A number of the Elmira Farmers'
Club gives his views and experience
on the above subject in the Husbandman:
""Whitewashing has no beneficial
effect, in keeping worms from the
tree. Put whitewash on a tree at
the time when the eggs are usually
deposited and they will be placed
there just the same. The only ob
ject in whitewashing trees with lime
or washing with lye is to make the
trunk smooth, to take off the scaly
bark which affords a harbor for in-
ects, and in this way lessen the li
ability to injury from the deposit
of eggs. I am not sure but the
whole practice is wrong. My own
trees have been washed with lye for
years until they were very smooth,
the bark green and fresh. I thought
I had made a great improvement
but I am inclined now to the opinion
that the change was favorable to the
borer. I find trees badly eaten
where I had expected complete im
munity. Whitewashing trees in the
common way softens the bark and
makes it easy for the inseot to punc
ture it for the deposit of eggs. In
my opinion nature designed the
rough scaly bark as a protection.
I think scraping trees is worse than
useless, although I have practiced it.
The only advantage is in giving the
trunk a emooth appearance while
there is the disadvantage of facilita
ting entrance for the borer. Anoth
er faulTollows the washing. My
trees that were so smoote and had
such green bark are now sunburned,
the bark withered and blackened,
plainly because the scraping and
washing made llie bark more sus
ceptible to injury by the heat of the
sun. I had as handsome trees as
you could find anywhere, and had
considerable pride in their appear
ance because they were commented
upon favorably by passers-by, but I
am now persuaded that the course
taken was extremely hurtful and I
have no doubt I shall lose most of the
trees, whereas if the old bark bad
been left on I think tbey would be
Two Valuable Receipts. 1. Take
good fresh butler, work it well, pack
it in stone jars, tie a cloth over it,
3iuk it in the bottom of your well and
it will keep for years. 2. Go to mill
but once a year and let that be in the
dead of winter (at that time there is
no moth to deposit eggs in the waste
Hour and mill machinery) sack in
paper sacks, well tied and it will
keep the year round apparently get
ting better all the lime. I have suf
ficiently tested the above receipts and
know whereof I speak.
H. M. Kelly.
Blackeeekt .Lam. Gather the
fruit in dry weather; allow half a
pound of good brown 6ugar to every
pound of fruit; boil the whole togatb
er gently for an hour, or till the
blackberries are soft, stirring or mash
ing them well. Preserve it like any
other jam, and it will be found very
useful in families, particularly for
children regulating their bowels,
and enabling you to dispense with
cathartics It may be spread on
bread, or on puddings, instead of
butter; and even when the blackber
ries are bought, it is cheaper'than
butter. In the country, every fami
ly should preserve, at least, half a
peck of blackberries.
Apple Jelly. Take any quantity
of sound, common apples, those with
red skins make the brightest colored
jelly; wash carefully, but do not peal
them; fill a preserving pan with the
apples, and just cover them with
water; boil till they are all in a pulp,
then strain it through a hair sieve.
To every pint of juice add one pint
of white sugar, and a little essence of
lemon; boil trie whole till it is per
fectly clear, and jellies when cold; it
ought to turn out ashape quite stiff
Apales, Floating Island or.
Bake or scald 8 or 9 large apples-;
when cold pare, them and pulp
through a sieve. Beat up this pulp
with sugar, and. add to it the whites
ot 4 or 5 eggs previously beaten up
with a small quantity of rose-water.
Mix this into the pulp a little at a
time, and beat it until quite light.
Heap it up on a dish, with a rich
custard or jelly round it.
Pie, Lemon. Grate -J- of the out
side of a lemon, aud squeeze out the
juice; yelks of 2 eggs; 2 tables poon
t'uls, heaped, of sugai; cup of water;
1 teaspooutul of butter; stir well and
bake iu a deep dish lined with crust.
Beat the whites of the eggs to a stiff
froth; stir in 2 tablespoonsf ul of pul
verized sugar, and spread over the
top of the pie, as soon as it is baked.
Set ir. the oveu till the top is nicely
Cokdial, Blacebkeey. To one
gallon of blackberry juice add four
pounds of while sugar; boil and skim
off, then add one ounce of cloves,
oue ounce of cinnamon, ten grated
nut-megs, and boil down till quite
rich; then let it cool and se ttle, attei-
ward drain off, and add one pint of
good brandy or whisky.
HOW to Destroy Insects.
Slugs are occasionally seen eating
large holes or notches in the leaves of
all succulents and begonias. They
usually feed at night. Cut potatoes,
turnips or some other fleshy vegeta
bles in halves aud place conveniently
near the plants. The slugs will gath
er upon the vegetable and are easily
The white worm which infests, oc
casionally, all soils where plants are
kept in pots, may be removed as fol
lows: Sprinkle lime water, over the
soil, or sprinkle a little slackened lime
on the earth and in the saucer of the
pot. Lime water may be easily
made by slacking a large piece of
lime in a pail of cold water, letting
this settle, and then bottling the
clear water for use. Give each pot a
tablespoonful twice a week.
To destroy the little bugs on the
oleander take a piece of lime the size
of a hen's egg and dissolve in about
two quarts ot water. Wash ihe
stock and branches with this water.
To destroy plant lice take three
and a half ounces of quassia cbip,
add five drachms Staves-acre seed in
powder; plaes in seven pints of water
and boil down to five pints. When
cold, the strained liquor is ready for
use, either by means of a watering
pot or a syringe.
Hot alum water will destroy red
and black ants, cockroaches, spiders
and chintzbugs. Take two pounds
of alum and disolve it in three or
tour quarts ot boiling water, let it
stand on the fire until the alum is all
melted, then apply it with a brush
(while nearly boiling hot) to every
joint and crevice in your closets,
bedstead, pantry shelves, etc.
IioxcditMa American Florist and
Oregon State Fair.
To the Farmers and Mechanics of
The undersigned, Board of Mana
gers of the Oregon State Agricul
tural Society, desire to slate a few
facts in regard to the Annual State
Fair of 1882, to the end that its man
agemont may be better understood.
The speed department of the Fair
has for years been a source of vexa
tion and trouble, not only to the
Board, at its annual meetings, but
to the Society in general, and the
argument for years has been, on the
one side, that too much attention
ivas paid to it, and too much money
offered, and on the other hand, that
the Board had given no encourage
ment sufficient to induce a fine dis
play of the best hovses. At the an
nual meeting, Dec, 1881, it was final
ly concluded to assign this depart
ment to a committee, who Should
agree to pay the money they might
offer, and that they should receive
certain receipts especially derived
from that department. But as addi
tional inducement to make this
change, we cite the fact that the
premiums for speed have been given
for years at a loss to the Society,
while those interested have urged
that this department was not proper
ly managed, and that it ought to
pay, and could be made to pay its
expenses. In order to satisfy our
selves in regard to all these matters,
no money is offered this year for
speed trials. If the experiment
should prove successful, it will have
cost the Society notliing. and will be
a basis for their further action, and
we deem it just to say that our course
was not governed by any committee
of horsemen, or any agent of a com
mittee, and that there was no dicta
lion on the part of any one. It was
the carrying out of a desire often ex
pressed by very many friends and
members of the Society. In regard
to the receipts, we feel assured that
they will be proportionately as good
without the speed department as
with it, and that the plan adopted
will insure as much success and as
much money to pay the premiums in
the other departments, and the ex
penses of the Fair, as it no change
had been made.
The premiums of the Society then,
for this year, are offered to the far
mers and mechanics of Oregon,
Washington and Idaho. In the de
partments of cattle, sheep and swine,
as well as in agricultural implements,
we are quite certain the display will
be a creditable one. We urgo upon
the farmers and mechanics, then, to
use every effort to make their de
partment attractive. It vou dislike
the course which has been pursued
by the officers of the Society the
remedy at the annual election is an
easy one, but if the State Agricultural
Society is to grow in favor and pat
ronage, the friends of every depart
ment must seek to make its annual
fairs attractive. While we are free
to admit that in some Instances, the
premiums are not as large as they
should be, certainly in the depart
ment of grainp, and some others,
there can be no ground for complaint.
At all events we have acted as we
thought best for the interests of the
Society, and offered all we believed
it could afford to pay. More than
this, you would not expect us to do;
less than this, we feel certain, has not
Let there be a strong effort made,
then, to increase the interest and at
tractiveness of all the departments at
our coming Fair, and let your aim
be to strengthen public confidence in '
the Societv, and to assist in placing'
it upon a permanent fonndation. If
the weather shall prove favorable,
with an early and abundant harvest,
and fair cash prices for the produce
of the country, there is no reason to
doubt the success of the Fair of 188?.
We deem it bat just to say that
through the efforts of the Speed Com
mittee, the largest number of horses
for running and trotting ever seen at
our Fairs will be present at the State
Fair of 1882.
M. Wilkins, President, Lane
county; John G. Wright, Vice Prei.-'
idem, Marion county; C. P. Burk
hart, Vice President, Linn counfv
E. M. Waite, Secretary, Marion
county; Jos. Hamilton, Linn county;
John F. Miller, Lake connty; Geo.
Belshaw, Lane county; G. W. Scog
gins, Washington county; J. T. Ap
person, Clackamas coanty, JoLi
Do.vning, Marion county; Henry
Miller, Multnomah connty; E, L.
DeLashmutt, Polk county; Wm. Gal
loway. Yamhill county; of Board of
Overloading Covrs' Stomachs.
When cows are changed fifoflfc
scanty to flush feed, it often happens
that ihe benefit of the more liberal
supply is neutralized for some time
by allowing them to gorge them
selves to the extent of uncomtortablo
fullness. An excessive distension of
the stomach produces iuflamatory
action aud impedes digestion, and
tends to diminish the flow of milk,
aud to impair its quality. Overload
ing a cow's stomach invariably gives
a strong and disagreeable odor to
her milk, that injures it for butter or
for cheese making, and also its health
fulness for food. Such an overload
ing is always indicative of a double
loss a loss from failing to utiliza as
fully as might be the flush feed, and
a previous loss from a supply of food
insufficient to enable the cows to give
as much milk as they are capable of
When cows are fed with a liberal
ity that develops a full flow of milk,
they will not overload with a food so
little concentrated as green grass.
The fact that they do overload is an
evidence that their previous food was
too scanty for profit, and consequent
ly that loss has been endured on ac
count of it. But when such a course
of feeding had existed, and a chango
is to be made to a better one. loss
from over eating may be prevented
by admitting the herd gradually to
the new feed, and supplying them
with all the sail and water they de
sire. The increrse in the new ration
should never be so great as to change
the flavor of the milk. National
Live Stock Journal.
Experiments in Feeding.
The superintendent of the model
farm at Guelph, Canada, gives us be
low the result of some experiment
made there in cattle breeding:
1. A steady frosty winter is bet
ter than an open one in feeding cattle.
2. An average 2 or 3 year old
steer will eat its own weight of dif
ferent materials in two weeks.
3. Two or three year old cattls
will add one-third of a pound more
per day to their weight upon prepar
ed hay and roots than upon the same
4. It is 40 per cent, ""more i pCfiStr.
bale to premature and dispose of fat
tening cattle at two years old than
to keep them up to three years.
5. There is no loss in feeding a
cattie beast well upon a variety of
materials for tho sake of manuro
6. Farm-yard manure from well
fed cattle, three years old, is worth
an average of $2.30 per ton.
7. A3 year old cattle beast, wall
fed, will give at least one ton of ma
nure every month of winter.
8. No cattle beast whatever will
pay for the direct increase to its
weight from the consumption ot any
kind of quantity of food.
When cattls sicken, from whatever cause,
nostrums of the worst conceivable kinds
are employed as curatives by the ignorant.
At this season of the year, when pastures
are at their best, milch cows are forced to
their utmost capacity to produco milk for
factory, creamery, home, dairy or city sup
ply. During the delicate seasoa of par
turition, abnormal treatment of whatever
character, is the cause of severe loss among
the best and most profitable animals. In
localities where the dnly qualified veterina
rian .is not available, a ' 'sura cure" is tho
inevitable "salt pork chunk," Other rem
edies are melted lard ahd tobacco, takir.g
two quarts o! blood from the animal,
assofoeida and water, the oak bark solution
the wood ash solution, aud other doses to
vile to mention, and which only add to tho
sufferings of the poor brute, and perhaps
removing all chance of recovery. Tho
crowning acts of cruelty are the "hollow
born fuge," dosing with terpen tin, and cat
ting the tail. Space will not permit to
name all the quackery and humbuggery
practiced in this connection. In nine cases
out of ten nature will do far better if let'