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About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 4, 1882)
Published Every Friday Morning
.Payable in Advance. )
tertear ti SO
Hx Months, 1 60
Three Months 1 00
Slarla Copies. 10c
All notices and advertisements intended for pub
cation should be banded m by noon on w euuesuays
Bates of advertising: made known on application.
a '- :
M. S. WOODCOCK,
wA.ttornev "at - liaw,
Corvallis, - - Oregon.
KELSAY & KEESEE.
attorneys - at - Law.
Corvallis, - - Oregon.
A. CHENOWETH. K. M. JOHNSON.
CHENOWETH & JOHNSON,
Attorneys - at - Law,
Corvallis, - - Oregon.
J. R. BRYSON,
A-ttorney - at - Law,
AH business will receive prompt attention.
Oollections a Specialty
Oflce over Jacobs & Neugais' store,
Corvallis, - - Oregon.
Attorney - at - Law,
Corvallis, - - Oregon.
CORVALLIS, OREGON, AUG. 4, 1882.
City Stables I Daily StageLine
" - Proprietor.
On the Corner West of the Engine House
CORVALLIS, - - OREGON.
HAVING COMPLETED MY
new and commodious BARX,
1 am better than ever prepared to
BEST OF TEAMS, BUGGIES. CARRIAGES
SADDLE HORSES TO HIRE.
At Reasonable Kates.
at2T Particular attention riven to Boarding' Horses
nurses isougm ana bold or i-xchanged.
PLEASE GIVE ME A CALL.
Having secured the contract for carrying the
United States Mall and Express
Corvallis to Albany
For the ensuing four years will leave Corrallis each
mornine at 8 o'clock, arrivinc in Albany about 10
o'clock, and will start from Albany at 1 o'clock in the
afternoon, returning to Corvallis about 3 o'clock
This line will be orepared with good teams and care
cul drivers and nice comfortable and
EASY RIDING VEHICLES
For the accommodation of the
SPECIAL attention riven to collections, and money
collected promptly paid over. Careful and
prompt-attention given to fro Kite matters, con
veyancing and searching of records, Ac
Will giv attention to buying, selling and leasing real
state, and conducts a genural collecting and busi
Office on Second Street, one door north of Irvin's
flhwe shop. 18:43yl
F. A. JOHNSON,
Chronic DWeases nadc a specialty. Catarrh sue
efullr treated. Also Oculist and Aurist.
Office in Fisher's Block, one door West of Dr. F.
A. Vincent's deutal office. Office hours rout 8 to 12
and from 1 to U o'clock. 19:27yl
T. V. B. EMBREE, M. D,
Physician. & Surgeon.
Office 2 doors south of H. E. Harris' Store,
COKVALLI", - - OKEGON.
Residence on the southwest corner of block, north
and west of the Methodist church.
G. R. FARRA, M, D,
Physician & Surgeon.
FFICS -OVER GRAHAM, HAMILTON & COS
Drug Store. Corvallis, Oregon. 19:25yl
E. H. TAYLOR,
The oldest established Dentist and
the best outfit in Corvallis.
All work kept in repair frss of charje and satisfac
on ganBUttaeA Teeth extracted without pain by
he use of Nitrous Oxide Gas.
"STooms np-ti!'M nvr -lacobs & Neugas new
Brick Store, Corvallis. Oregon. 19:27yi
MOORE & SPENCER:
accessor to T. J tin ford.)
Sharing, Shampooing, Hair Cutting,
Hot and Cold Baths.
Bnford's OU Stand. 18:36:ly
W. C. Crawford,
J E WE L E R .
BEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND A LARGE
assortment of Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, etc.
All kinds of repairing done on short noticd, and all
ork warranted. I8:33-yl
He that hath teeth let him hear by the Dentaphone
which enables all deaf persons to hear by the teeth.
Sample at Allen & Woodward's Drug store.
CHAS. THOMPSON, Ag't.
19:2S-m3 Corvallis, Oregon.
FOR SALE AT THIS OFFICE
C. H. WHITNEY & CO.4
Having recently located in Corvallis, we take pleasure in announcing to
the trading public that we have just opened our Spring stock of
Boots and Shoes,
Hats and Caps.
ALSO A FULL LINE OF
Fancy Dress Goods,
Our stock has been selected with the greatest care, and for quality and
cheapness is second to none. Having a resident buyer in the leading markets
we are enabled to purchase latest style goods at lowest prices. Call and ex
amine our stock before purchasing, and save from
lO to SO
ON PURCHASES BY DEALING AT OUR
ONE PRICE STORE
C H. WHITNEY & CO
E. R. MERRIMAN,
AGENT FOR THE WORLD-LENO W N ED
MRS. 0. R. ADDITON
Will be pleased t receive Pupils for
PIANO or ORGAN
At her residence corner of 4th and Jefferson
Street., Crrvallis, or will visit them at their homes
for the purpose of instructing them. Terms reason-!
The study of Harmony a Specialty.
HUTTON & HILLIARD,
BLACK SMITH IN G AND
Carriage and Buggy Ironing,
HORSE-SHOEING A SPECIALTY.
DECKER BROTHERS PIANOS,
Acknowledged now to be the best by all musicians, and nsed by the celebrated
qneen of players Julie Ki ve-King- In preference to all others.
J. & C. FISCHER'S PIANO, .
The leading and best second-class Piano on the market.
Old and Established Standard Mason & Hamlin Organ.
Will be In Corvallis and v trinity from tim e to t imp to sell these leading instrument
of the world, unfair and unprincipled opposition to the contrary notwithstandf ngj
PROSPECTS OF GOLD.
An Exchange says: A company
lias lately been formed in Yamhill
and Polk counties for raining pur
poses, who sre confident that they
have "struck" something pretty
good. Quartz containing consider
able gold has been found in large
quantities on the Coast Range near
the source of the Yamhill Poor
specimens of it assayed $10 to the
ton, but it is thought to be worth
more than that. Besides this any
amount of quartz with large, quanti
ties of silver or German silver is
found. Mr. C. H. Mattoon showed
us a specimen brought here lately by
Solomon Crowley, of Polk county,
which would indicate the presence of
German silver in ahundance. It was
examined by one of our jewelere and
said to be German silver aud not pure
silver as it was at first thought to be;
but even the former could be made
to pay well. We certainly hope the
company will posh the matter until
they become satit-fi ;d of the real
composition of the Coast range. It
is as reasonable to suppose that gold
can be found in larger quantities in
this Stale as in California.
On last Saturday morning the
phenomenon of a genuine water
spout was plainly visible to the
Prinevilleitep. The morning was
calm and sultry, with not a breath
of air in motion. On the western
horizon, and also in the north, rain
clouds were seen, while far in the
east, standing boldly out against
the dark sky, slowly moving north
ward, was an immense cone shaped
cloud whose base reached far above
the mountains, blending with the
surrounding vapors, and the vertex
hiding behind the neighboring hills.
The cloud was almost black, and
must have been very dense. Those
better acquainted with the surround
ing country say it was forty miles
from here, out iu the d sen, where
perhaps no one had the pleasure of a
close acquaintance, but where, no
dbubt, traces of its devastation may
be found. These water-spouts, or
cloudbursts, as they are sometimes
called, are not untrequent visitors to
this part of the state, as traces of
them are often met with on the desert,
where largeditohes have been washed
out, and huge rocks havejbeen swept
from the hillside. These cloudbursts
are generally accompanied by very
little wind, and usually exhaust
themselves in a very few minutes,
though the one mentioned was visible
for over a quarter of an hour. Prine
GOLD AND SILVER MINING.
Colorado is rapidly developing in
to the great bullion producing state.
The whole Eastern slope of the
Kocky Mountains seems to be a
stratified ore bed, some larger and
some smaller, some high up, and
some low down, but the miner and
capitalist can hardly go astray in
locating and proceeding to handle
the ore he digs out. Gold, silver,
copper, lead and others in lesser
amounts, but all helping to swell the
output when once a systematic effort
shall be at work. Probably in no
other part of the world is thare the
same active industrial development.
In no direction is there so much en
ergy displayed nor so much capital
invested in all that pertains to min
ing crushing, tunneling, bridging,
water-carrying and road making.
This investment is more and more
coming to be found safe and profit
able. As an exchange remarks the
silver mins of our greatest mountain
chain are admitted to be superior to
all others in the world. They have
created out of vast tracts of wilder
uess and desert, populous, rich and
thriving Territories, and States and
all, or nearly all this within the last
quarter of a century. In the Sierra
Nevada and Rocky Mountain ranges
silver mining has arrived at the stage
of a regular and systematic industry;
an industry of which the United
States Commissioner of Mining Sta
tistics says is among the safest and
most profitable of all industries.
This is confirmed by the fact that it
has never been shaken by panics
which has so often disastrously affect
ed other industries. There w only
one class of persons connected with
mining interests who, in the aggre
gate do not, as a rule, make large
profits. They are the discoverers of
the mines, who usually lack the
means to utilize their discoveries.
For example, Comstock, the discov
erer of the famous Comstock silver
lode in the Sierra Nevada, out of
which enormous fortunes have been
realized, is said to have sold out his
claim for a mere song. The history
of mining of the precious metals is
filled with many instances where the
pioneer miners pointed the way to
great riches for others, but realized
scarcely anything for themselves.
The great mining regions of the
United States have produced of the
ureciotis metal since the gold dis
coveries in California, thirty odd
years ago, the enormous sum of be
tween two and three thousand million
dollars, of which the greater portion
has been silver. The mines of Col
orado produce chiefly silver. The
vast wealth of the great deposits iu
that State are just beginning to be
appreciated. Iu 1S76 her mines pro
duced about $5,000,000. In 1880
they produced $28,000,000 about
$4,000,000 .nore than any other State
or Territory. Scientists, experts and
practical millers, assert with empha
sis that Colorado is to be the great
bullion center of the World. Cer
tain it is that her wonderful mineral
resources are drawing immense capi
tal and rapidly covering her valleys,
and mountains with a net-work of
ra'lroads. Chicago Journal of Com-
THE PROGRESS Or AGRICULTURE IN THE
It appears from a census bulletin
just issued that the number of farms
in the United States has increased
from 2,660,000 in 1870, to 4,000,000
in 1880, being an increase of 51 per
cent. Thus the progress of agricul
ture in this country has more than
kept pace tilth the increase of popu
lation. This affords ground for belief
in the continuance of an abundant
supply of all the great staple articles,
equal to the necessities of any pos
sible increase of population or nation
al contingency for ages to come.
The produsts of the great West give
a tone to the market of Great Britian
and the continent. Chicago has be
come one of the first grain markets of
the world, and as the boundless re
gion still further west is being de
veloped, every channel of communi
cation with the Atlantic coast will
teem with products of the soil.
The great daily interest in our
country during the past decade has
increased the production of sheese
and butter, and American cheese is
now as well known in the English
markets as the best English dairy
cheese. While it is admitted that
very much remains to be accom
plished by the agricultural interest
of the co.mtry, it cannot be doubted
that the past ten years has shown to
the world that the United Stales has
within its territory the resources
which will enable us lo compete with
the older nations of the world in
every department of domestic in
dustry. The increasing annual products of
agriculture in our highly-favored
country, and the hay and grain crops
in particular, furnish striking illus
trations of the close independence
and connection of all branches of the
national industry. The dependence
of agriculture upon the results of
mechanical skill, as well as the as
tonishing progress of the latter with
in the last halt century, is strongly
exemplified in the application of
labor saving appliances which be
come daily more valuable in all ope
rations of the farm. Our progress
in this respect is believed to have
been more rapid than that of any
other agricultural people, and to be
in advance of our application of the
fruits of purely scientific research in
the improvement of agriculture. In
nearly every department of rural in
dustry mechanical power has
wrought revolution. The inventive
genius of the country has not only
contrived lo make it prepare the crop
for market, but to sew or knit tbe
family apparel of the farmer, as well
as to rend from the embrace of earth
lb century-roofed oak which our
j fathers were forced to leave by the
slow eradication of time. Whether
the superior agricultural advantages
and the demand for improved im
plements and machinery in the Uni
ted States have stimulated the facile
ingenuity of our mechanics, or have
only been seconded by its ready con
tribution to industry, We need not
inquire. The greatest triumphs of
mechanical skill are witnessed in the
instruments adapted to the tillage,
harvesting, and ""subsequent handling
of the immense grain crops of the
country, and particularly upon the
western prairies. Without the im
Diovemet in plows and other imple
ments of tillage which have been
multiplied to a considerable extent,
the vast wheat and corn crops of
these fertile plains could not be
probably raised. But were it pos
sible to produce wheat upon the scale
that it is now raised, much of the
profit and not a little of the product
would be lost where tha farmer would
be compelled to wait upon the slow
procsss of the sickle, the cradle, and
the hand rake-for securing when ripe.
The reaping machine, the harvester,
and machines for thrashing, winnow
jng, and cleaning his wheat for mar
ket have become indispensable to tbe
grain-grower. The commercial im
portance of our agricultural products
and their various relations to
markets, the means of transportation,
storage, etc., makes it highly import
ant that the producer shall have the
means of putting his crop in the
market at the earliest 'and most
favorable time and with the greatest
The growth of the farming inter
est in the country appears from the
census bulletin to have been the
largest in the Territories, the rate of
increase ranging from 80 to 800 per
cent. In Minnesota there has been
an increase of 99 per cent, in Oregon
114, in Nebraska 415, in California
51, in Georgia, 93, in Mississippi 50,
in Alabama 102, iu Florida 129, in
Texas 185, in North Carolina 68, in
South Carolina 80, in Virginia 60,
and in Iowa 89. U. S. Economist.
RAILROAD BUILDING THE OLD AND NEW
The Cincinnati Gazette devotes
considerable time to the futility of
building a new road through a
count ry already well supplied. "The
old way ot taking a given amount of
stock and paying one hundred cents
on the dollar for it, and then bond
ing the property for about one-half
of its cash value is played out. The
new way pans out better, although
it may be a little bit off color when
compared with the old way. It is
done in this way: Suppose that the
lowest estimate tor constructing and
equipping a given number of miles is
$10,000,000; the ring will issue $12,
500,000 in bonds and $12,500,000 iu
stock, making the bond and stock
debt $25,000,000. Then it is agreed
that every purchaser of a bond shall
have a like amount of stock free, as a
bonus, as it were. Then it is agreed
that they will sell the bonds at eighty
cents on the dollar. Subsequently it
is agreed that 'we' have the right to
'subscribe' first and the public after
ward. When the subscription books
are cast up it is found that 'we' have
taken all the bonds with the stock
bonus. 'We' then conclude that 'we'
don't want the bond's, so 'we' float
them at a price as much above cost
as possible, leaving the voting power
which controls the road, clear profit.
In the meantime, an agent is sent
out along the proposed route to so
licit subscriptions from the counties,
cities, towns and individuals. Should
a town or city refuse to 'come down,'
a surveying party is seoi out and a
line run near enough to the place to
convince the inhabitants that if a
rival town should be started on the
road within a mile or so of them their
burg would be ruined. A word to
the wise is generally sufficient, and
the assessment is agreed to. These
subsciiptions are clear gain to the
'company.' Not within tbe past ten
years has anybody heard of the sub
scription to a railway project going
into the general fund of the com
pany. That was the way a long
time ago, but tbey know better now.
Thus it wilt be seen that the profits
to a syndicate: on a. ten million road
are, first $12,5"06,o6d, or iff entire
capital stock of the company, the
subscription gathered on the line of
the road and the difference between
the ground floor cost of the bonds
and the price at which the public is
pleased to take them, which is gen
erally at about par.''
An Exchange says: The fact that
during the hot weather a prodigious
amount of betr will undoubtedly be"
consumed in this and other countries
forcibly reminds one tiiat this bever
age is constantly growing in popu
larity. The original makers of beer
the ancient Germans and Lorn-
bards little thought that the time
would come when that drink would
become known the world over, much
less manufactured thousands of miles
away tron Germany. But such is
the fact. Even now Great BrMain
has outstripped Faderland in this in
dustry, and its 20 214 breweries pro
duce annually 1,500,000,000 gallon
of the solace of Gambrinus, while
Germany, with 23940 breweries,
manufactures 900,000,000 gallons.
The prohibitionists will probably
shudder, to learn that even the Uni
ted States has 2,269 breweries, which
turn out 460,932,400 gallons a year.
It may console them to know that hV
is an unknown beverage in Italy,
Spain and Portugal they drink
nothing but wine there, like Quincy
patriots France and Belgium pro
duce respectively 150,000,000 and
1 80,000,000 gallons; Russia, 50,000,
000; Holland, 33,000,000; Denmark,
30,000,000; Sweden, 20,000,000;
Switzerland, 13,000,000; and Nor
way, 16,500,000. Here is an aggre
gate production in one year of 2,903,
332,400 gallons of beer. Let us sup-'
pose there are lwlve drinks in .
gallon, bar measure, wilh Mr. Froth
on deck. That would yield 34,389,
988,800 drinks. At five cents a glass
the revenue would be $1,741,999,449.
WHEAT SHIPMENT BY RAIL OR BY OCEA.
Whether or not it will pay to ship
wheat from the Pacific Coast tor
Europe via overland railroad and
Atlantic ports is still an unsettled,
mooted question. It costs just about
the same year after year to ship from
Minneapolis to Europe as it doe
from San Francisco, with whatever
difference there may occasionally be
in favor of the latter port. This be
ing the case, nothing is certainly to
be gained by the California farmer"
sending his wheat over that route.
What is true of the California is
equally true of the Oregon and
Washington farmer. It will cost an
imperceptible trifle more to ship from
Plight Sound than it does from San
Francisco, or just about what it
costs from Minneapolis. What thoo.
is to be gained by an overland trans
portation of fourteeu hundred miles,
to an interior town iu the State1 ot
Minnesota, or to any other point east
ot the Rocky Mountains ? Time
alone can be gained, and that is not
enough to offset a long, useless trans
portation like that referred to.
S. F. Chronicle.
LOSS OF GRAIN IN STORE.
An agricultural exchange says
wheat threshed apparently dry irt
August and placed in a garret wilt
lose six per cent, of its weight by still
further drying in six months. 16
follows, therefore, that ninety-four
cents a bushel in August is the
equivalent to one dollar iu February
to say nothing of cost of storage,
loss from destruction by mice, rats
worms, etc., and interest on the
money. Taking these into consider-
ation, ninety cents in August for
wheat would be very nearly the
equivalent of one dollar in February
Corn gathered dry in November will
lose about twenty per ceiit., (a little
more or less, according to dryness uf
the fall,) in si months. Thus forty
cents a bushel in November would
be the equivalent to fifty cents id
May, omitting any account for inter--est,
or damage, or loss from vermin
Potatoes will shrink in bulk of
weight about one-third.
Article of Incorporation.
The following Article of Incorpo
ration was recently filed with the
Secretary of State, incorporating the
Salem Printing and Publishing Com-
pany: Capital stock $3000, divided
into shares of $10 each. Principal
office, Salem, Oregon. Incorporators--T.
I DaVidsoa, Daniel Clark.
Frank Cooper, C. A. Reed, Roscctr
Knox, E. H. Bellinger and Jame
Tatom. TbebusirKs h which this
Corporation proposes to engage is to
publish at Salem, Oi'egon, a weekly
newspaper, name hereafter to be se
lected, and to do stteb other printing
and publishing business as said Cor
poration may find for Us interest