SUBSCRIPTION RATLS : (I'ay&ble in Advance.) Per Year $2 50 Mx Munths 1 50 Three Months 1 00 Single Copies 10c All notices an 1 advertisements intended for pub ration should he handed in by noon on Wednesday. A TTORNEYS. F. A. CHENG WETH. K M. JOHNSON. CHEN0WET1I X- JOHNSON, ATTORNEYS at LAW CORVALLIS, OREGON, 8:2Syl. M. S. Woodcock, ATTORNEY and COUNSELLOR at LAW Corvallis Gazette VOL. XIX. CORVALLIS, OREGON, FEBRUARY 17, 1882. NO. 8. BATES OF ADVERTISING.. SPACE. Inch Inch. ... I 3 Inch . . . 4 Inch . . . i Column 4 Comma 2- Column Column 1 W 111 3M 6M 1YF $ 100$ 3 00 $ 5 00$ B 00 $ 12 OP 2 00 5 00 8 00 12 00 18 00 S 00 6 00 10 CO 18 00 24 0& 4 00 7 00 12 00 18 00 30 00" 5 00 8 00 14 00 20 00 85 Ou B 25 10 00 17 50 .15 00 42 00" 9 00 14 00 24 00 35 00 65 00 15 00 25 00 40 00 60 00 100 00 J. It. BRYSON, Attorney-.-ft-Law. A. J. YOUNG. BENTON COUNTY CORVALLIS, Office over Hamilton, Job & Co. 's Bank, tire in all the Courts of the State, OREGON. Will prae- .1. R. BRYSONi Attorney at Law, All business will receive prompt attention. Collections a Specialty- Corvallis. June 24. 18-25tf. E. HOLGATE, ATTORNEY -A.T LAW, COUVALLIS, - - OREGON. And Iioan Agency. f 3IILLI0S FOR PRETHUI OS STEEL RAILS We have money to loan on good farms in Benton County in sums to suit borrowers. LOW INTEREST AND LONG TIME. Interest and Principal can be paid in installments. FARMS FOB SALE ! We have a large list of Good Farms anil Ranches situated in various portions of Beuton County, for sale on easy terms. Parties wishing to buy or sell a Farm, Ranch or I own froperty, will savu money by calling on us. BRYSON & YOUNG. riPt'Cr A f -lttontinn mt-on n x.llonti.uiQ i-l nnrnv 0 collected promptly paid over. Careful and ! Corvallis, Oregon. OpfiCE : Up-stairs in Jacobs & Neugass' New Brick, oppo&ite Occidental Hotel, profit attention dven to l'robate matters. Con- vejaneing' and Heardiing of records, kc LOANS NEGOTIATED. Will jive attention to buying-, selling and leasing- real estate, and conduct a funeral collecting and busi ness agency. Office on Second Street, one door north of Irvin'a shoe shop. lS:43yl PHYSICIANS, F. A. JOHNSON, M. D. PhrMckm. Surgeon and Electrician. Chronic Diseases n ade a specialty. Catarrh suc cessfully treated. Also Oculist and Aurist. Oifice in Kuher'8 Block, one door West of Dr. F. A. Vincent's dental office. Office hours from S to 12 and from 1 to 6 o'clock. 18:27yl. G. R. FARE A, M. D. Physician & Surgeon. ftPFICH -OVER GRAHAM, HAMILTON ft CO'S WOODCOCK & BALDWIN, m Inur Store. Corv-alli, Orcyou. lS:2i".tf. DENTISTS. DR. F. A. VINCENT, DENTIST, CORVALLIS, OBEGO.V. IN Max. Frieadlcy prov.t:n;lti. t.- .Vcw Store. All of the latest liiu new and complete. Ail 0 Work warranted. IMjase give me a call H. B. AVEST, D. D. S., DENTIST. Ilavin located permanent ly in Corvallis 1 desire to in form the public that 1 am ready to do all kjnd of dental work. My instruments are all new and of the latest im proved style All work in sured and satisfaction ruar antecdor the money refunded Otfi ca over Graham & Gold son's Drug store, Conallis Oregon. 18:20tf. E. H. TAYLOR, V The President of tlie Central Paci fic Railroad Company is represented as saying tliat he and Ins associates had paid out eleven million dollars for steel and iron rails more than would have been paid without a pro tective tariff. A short time ago rails could huve been bought for $40 a ton, which now costs $75. The boun ties which are now paid for the pro duction of iron and steel rails in this country are enormous. The Salt Lake Tribune has the following: i ne icmrai I'aeine Jioatt, rear Reno, in Nevada, passes within four miles of a mountain of magnetic iron as fine as there is in all this wor d. The Iruekee River, with unlimited water power, rolls right beside the I . i , . .... irat'K or me roari. Atiove, w;th;n a few miles, on railroad land, are pine lores t s, large enough to make char coal to melt the world. If there is nothing but charcoal made from nine trees to smelt the ore, we think that Governor Stanford has acted wisely to keep out the iron making business at Reno. If suitable hard coal can be found for making pig iron near the ore an J limestone the business would pay, otherwise not.) One million dollars invested in iron-works at Reno would have furnished all the rails the Central and Southern Pacific together with their branches, requir ing m addition, could have sup- HORRIBLE 3IORIIIOS CRIME. -1, PARLOR & BOX STOVES. The largest and Best Stock ever offered in Corvallis. Bedrock Prices. -ALSO A FULL LINE OF- HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE! Tin siiii! C'ojfj)or War, Granite Ware, I foil Sloe!, ESopt', Too!, Mi : Eros; jpa, FuziipM, Zinc, E;u-. Also Plows, Drills, IJi.sk Harrows. Seeders, Wagons, and all kinds of AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS, We aim to keep the best in market, and the best is always the cheapest. I ome and see our stock and price our goods before buying. WOODCOCK & BALDWIN OCCIDENTAL HOTEL, MRS. K C. POLLY, Proprietress, CORvAIjLiIS, DElsTTIST The oldest established Dentist and the best outfit in Corvallis. All work kent in repair fres of charts and satisfac ton yawantood, Teath -extracted without pain by ne use 01 citrous uxiue ua. XlTRoonis up stairs over Jacobs & Neuas new Brick Store, Corvallis, Oregon. 13:27yi MIS CELL A NEU US MCORE &, SPENCER, (Successors to T. J Buford.) SaaTiag, Sknpooing, Hair Cutting, Hot and Cold Baths. Buford's OU Stand. 18:3C:ly W. C. Crawford, J E WE L E R . KEEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND A LARGE assortment of Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, etc. All kinds of repairing done on short noticd, and all work warranted. 18:33-yl MRS. 0. E. ADDITON Will be pleased t receive Pupils for PIANO or ORGAN At her residence corner of 4th and Jefferson Streets, Corvallis, or will visit them at their homes for the purpose of instructing them. Terms resson . able. The study of Harmony a Specialty. 18:28yl. DO 1-3 09 o H OREGON. ta 'co O c o tz! S3 H O 2"Tlie Occidental is a new buiMins, newly furnislied, and first class in every articular. Stages leave this Hotel daily for Albany, and Yaqnina Bay on Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays. 18:261y TSJo Chinese employed in this house. THOMAS GRAHAM, Druggist and Apothcary, -AND DEALER IN- CORVALLIS Photograph Gallery. PHOTOGRAPHS FROM MI NATL' HE LIFE SIZE. TO First Class Work Only! Copyinir in all branches. 6rerol taken at rash prices. Produce of all kinds and E. HESLOP. PAINTS, OIIS, FINISHES, BRUSHES, CUSS, PUTTV, TRUSSES, SHOULDER BBAUES, TOILET ARTICLES &C. A full line ot B'oks, Stationery and Wall Paper. Ot r dings are fresh an:' well selected. Paescriplions compounded at all hours. 18-26ly Wheat and other Grain Stored oiflhe best of Terms by T. O. BLAIR, AT Corvallis and Booneville. SACKS FURNISHEOT0 PATRONS. Farmers will do well to call on me before making arrangements elsewhere vl8n27yl. plied other roaas. '1 he Central Pa cific would not only have had all the protection which is furnished by the Pennsylvania men, but would have had the added pro tec ion which coraes of 2,500 miles of transportation. If the Pennsylvania iron manufacturers have so rich a harvest, why could not the Central Pacific Company have been wilting to double that harvest for themselves? It would not only have bej'n a boon to them, but a blessing to Nevada. It would have given hnndieds of nun work; there and in the mountains beyond it would have supported 1,000 families. The Company had unlimited capita'; it had facilities for securing the most capable workmen; it had an unlimi ted field for '.he product of its manu factory. The Company now has its own rolling mill. It manufactures cars and locomotives. Five new locomo tives have just been placed on the Oakland lorry routes adapted to that trafic. The Company lias re- ceniiy ixiuni a coai mine in asii ington Territory, from whence it will draw supplies for its vast system of railroads. The fact that it has already established r. rolling mill to work up old and worn out rails, is evidence of a purpose to go further at a future day. The time will come shortly when no iron rails will be used on any of the more important roads in the Pacific States. Where they will be made is another 'question. 1 litre aaajgajt bodies of iron ore in California, Utah, Colora do and in Arizona Territory. In the latter country there are said also to be deposits of anthracite coal at no great distance from the line of New Mexico. There are vast bod ies of iron ore in Alaska, as well as in Oregon, although, taken as a whole the Pacific Coast country has not been thought to be rich in the better class of iron ores, and it certainly is not rich in coals suitable for smelt ing. There are no coals in Califor nia, so far as is now known, beyond the crude deposits known as lignite, and probably not a ton of genuine anthracite coal has been laid down at this port which was procured within the limits generally designa ted as the Pacific Coast. If charcoal could be made cheaply enough, iron could be produced with little diffi culty. The furnaces in Oregon, and the iron works recently initiated in Placer county, in this Slate, will probably give a good account ot production hereafter. A few years hence the production of stell rails on this side of the Rocky Mountains, will become an important industry. Railway companies which make their own cars and locomotives, will not iguore any possibie advantage there may be in the manufacture of rails for local use. San Francisco Bulletin. (Salt Lake Letter to the St. Louis Republican.) One crime, which was committed here only a short time ago, I must describe. Mrs. Maxwell came to Sail Lake City with her husband in 1869. Two years afterward her bus band took another wife, and one year subsequent he was sealed to a third Mrs. Maxwell objected, and in order to prevail over her sons she told them the secrets of the Endowment House. The penalty for revealing these secrets is dismemberment of the body, cutting of the throat, and tearing out of thetongue. Mr. Maxwell overheard his wife, being in an adjoining room, and forthwith he infomed the Elders, who sent for the unfortunate woman and her two sons, They were taken into what is called the "Dark pit," a blocd-atoning room under Brigham Young's house. The woman was then stripped of all her clothes and then tied on thp back to a large table. Six members of the priesthood then per formed their damnadle crime; they first cut of their victim's tongue, and then cut her throat, after which her logs and arms were served. The sons were com pelled to stand by and witness the dreadful slaughter of their mother They were then released and' given twenty -four hours to get out of the Ter ritory, which was then an impossibility, The sons went then to the house of a friend, to whom they related the butch ery of their mother, and then geting a package of provisions started, but on the following morning were both dead they had met the Danites. One other ease similar to the above occur- ed about five years ago in the City Hall. These are truths, and the lady to whom the sons told their story is willing to make affidavit to the facts if she can be guaranteed immunity from M onnon vengeance. SCISSORIXfTlMS, HO.TiE EDl'l'.iTIOT. One ton of gold ore from the El Dorado mine of Gold, Basin, was lately treated at the Lone Star concentrator works, Mineral Park A. T., by way of experiment. The result was most satisfactory, the tailings only containing about $5 per ton of gold, The reduction gave about one hundred pounds of concentrations to two thonsaud The following rules are worthy of be ing printed in letters of gold and placed in a conspicuous place in every household: 1. From our childhood's earliest in. fancy inculcate the nccesaity of instant obodienee. 2. Unite firmness with gentleness. Let vour children alwavs understand that you mean what you say. 3. Never promise them anything unless you are quite sure you can give them what you say. . 4. If you tell a child to do some, thing, show him how to do it and see that it is done. 5. Always punish your child for willfully disobeying you, but never pun. ish him in ange- 6- Never let theTi know that thpv vex you, or make you lose your self, command. 7. If they give way to petulance or ill-temper wait till they are calm, then gently reason with them on the impro priety of their conduct. 8. Itember that a little present pun ishinent, when the occasion requires, is much more effectual than the threaten ing of a greater punishment should the fault be renewed. 9. Never give your children any thing because they cry for it. 10. On no account allow them to do at one time what you have forbidden, under the same circumstances, at an other. 11. Teach them that the only sure and easy way to appear good is to bs good. 1 2. Accustom them to make their little recitals with perfect truth. 13. Never alow tale-bearing. 14. Teach them self-denial, not self- indulgence. Ex. Manufacturers of corn-cob pipes can't get cobs enough. The streams of Colorado are to be stocked with 400,000 brook trout eggs. The woods of Maine are to be stocked with quail from California. There is six feet of snow on the summit between Carson and Lake Tahoo. Over 82,000,800 have been- subscribed for a cotton mill at Beayer Dam, Wis. The Biloxi, Miss., cannery is booming and employs over 10O white men and boys. The new building for the New Yoik Produce Exchange is to cost Sl,65,446, The worst kind of rheumatism is the spare room-atism . Burlington Hawkeye. There is talk at Brocktoa, Mass , about a tooth-pick factory,, to make 70,000 picks an hour. Newark manufactures, $56,9S5,7G6 in 1880, show a grotfth of one-third in ten year. It is probable the Virginia Legislature vvill abolish chain-gangs and the whipping, post. A Philadelphia doctor has been fined 850 for not reporting a case of small-pox which proved fatal. -Notices in Local Column, not less than 2S cents for each notice. Excecdinir this amount 10 eenta ner line for each insertion Transient and Leiral Advertisements 2.00 Del- square for first and 1.00 for each subsequent inser tion. No charge for affidavit of publication. Transient, advertisements to be Daid in ADVANCK. Professional or business cards (I square) $12 per imnunj, No deviation in the above- rste will be made in, favor of any advertiser. The population cf Chicago, according toj the latest statistics, is about 630,000. At a sale in Vicksburg, Miss., recently, a plantation containiug 1,909 acres brought only 2,225. General Grant pnys $1,000 a year for his; pew in Parson Newman's new church ins New York. Northern Texas newspapers complaiha that the towns and cities of thai section are overrun by tramps. Complaint is made along the line of tha- Texas and Pacific Bailway of the employ ment of convict labor. Governor Gear speut 6,000 more than his salary while an occupant of the Iowa, Executive Mansion. W. H. Vandeibilt, paid $201,000 for State taxes to the Conptroller of Now York one day last week. It is said that the 50,000" girla employed" at various trades in Chicago average iu wages only 2 a week. The Eate Ami Loring of North Yarmouth,. Me., left $2,350 to his children and $37,- 00 to missionary societies. The guavatrees around Tampa, Fla., have: at this time ripe fruit, green fruit, and. blooms upon them. Sixteen thousand acres of white pine tiin- capital invested in the oyster business in this country. The two most important things in this lower world both begin with the- letter M money and myself. The Iowa House, by a small majority. has declared that it is improper for mem bers to accept railroad passes. There were 10,048.615 cigars made in the Indianapolis district last year, an increase of about one million over 1880. It is reported that the machine shops of the Cincinnati Southern Railroad i'jr that division will be located at Lexington. The Little Rock Argus says that in the dictionary of the future the word "Colonel" will be simply defined as "an Arkansas man. " Ramsdell of the Repnblic (Washington, D. C.) offers a purse of $5 for the beat letter contributed by a lady declining an offer of marriage. The number of cattle in New Mexico is estimated at 500,000 head, yieldiug for market about 90,000 head annually. At the Republican primaries at Seattle, W. T., yesterday, only eighty-four votes were cast, out of a voting population of over 800. llPP land U"K ri-fnrk' aitlfl in I jinfun rwAiinfv Census tables give $10,583,275 as the I p, frMmn New York's savings banks hold $424, 2C4, S06. The increase in a year is but a trifle ua der 48,000,000. Old clocks of the forefathers' days, cleaned! and repaired, are sometimes heard from in Boston as selling for $75. Abetter was mailed recently at Pensacola Pla.; for Glasgow, Scotland, upon which $11' postage had to- be prepaid. The war of 1812 ended sixty-seven years ago, and yet over 2G.000 widows are draw ing pensions on acount of it. One curosity of this winter is the recent flight of the largest lot of pigeons ever seem in the vicinity of Platteville, Wis. The present population of Cleveland is: 185,841. The police census shows an in crease of 13,438 duriag the year just closed. The war footing of the German army has been established by the budget of 1882 at 500,000 men. In the event of war, th number could be doubled at twenty-.'oia-hours' notice by telegraph. At Glasgow, this month, two telegraph messengers, fourteen years old, wt.ro sen tenced to rive years' penal servitude for having stolen or destroyed letteis. The English revenue receipts are already $11,000,000 above what they were at the.- A company with 75,000 capital has been organized at Jackson, Mich., to manufacture same period of the fiscal year in 1881, and. willow-ware, wooden-ware, brooms and broom racks by convict labor. London. London has a population of four millions nd a half, says the Mead- viile, Pa., Crawford Democrat. Of this multitude only 60,000 are church members, ant! only 200,000 are regu lar attendants at religious services. Of the working population it is stat ed, on as good authority as the Bish op of Litchfield, that, only two per cent, are found in church. The outlook tor the manufacture of pig iron in the South, during 1882, is most prom ising, particularly in Central Alabama, The predictions are 400,000 tons or about 334; per cent increase over last year. Several of the largest furnaces in the South have lately been pounds of ore. The concentrations assay j compelled to stop work in consequence of be. about 9(W per ton. ina out of ore. They are burning brick in Northern Dakota with twisted hay. It is claimed that a kill of brick can be burned in twenty four hours by the use of this material. Irish turnips and potatoes are selling in New York for less than the homo product. Large invoices of carrots, onions and celery are on the'way across the Atlantic. The New Haven Register wants a gospel car attached to all railroad trains. Yes just imagine the interior of such a car with the train two hours behind time! H. B. Evers of London, England, has purchased in the last few weeks, in Missis sippi, 700,000 acres of land from the Levee Board and 300,000 acres from the State. Railroad engineers have commenced the work of locating the railroad depot and the laying out of the town of Ysidora, in the Santa Margarita Valley, San Diego county Cat Coal shipments from Seattle, W. T. , dur ing January aggregated 19,137 tons, and were in excess of the shipments of any previous month in thehistory of the port. The tallest mountain in New Mexico is Mount Baldy, north of Santa Fe, which has an elevation of 15,202 feet. Mount Taylor, west of Albuquerque, is second, having an altitude of 11,200 feet. The thousands of tons of wheat which were, a short time ago, piled up at the Waitsburg depot, W. T., haye been re moved, the last having been placed on the cars about the middle of January. When Brown complained of a rush of blood to the head, Fogg endeavored to ease his mind by reminding him that Nature abhors a vacuum, and Brown's blood rushed to his head worse than ever. It took a Harvard student only two years to conqner Latin, but he was four years learning how to throw a lassoo so as to en able him to earn $30 per month on a Texas ranch. Detroit Free Press. A Yankee bicycle dealer has utilized the happy thought of presenting a pair of crutches and a box of court-plaster to each purchaser of a bicycle. He is monopolizing the trade. Norristown Herald. Eight out of every ten men in this country will do more hard work to trace back the pedigree of a horse or a dog than to establish the fact that they were related to the most noble King in Europe. Real estate at Seattle, W. T., is selling as never before, and at figures at least 100 per cent higher than those of one year ago, and in some instances 200 per cent higher. Daring January 200 investments were re corded, the average consideration being fully $1,000. One hundred and forty was the higher number ever before recorded in one month. a considerable surplus is expected. Princess Elizabeth of Hes3e-Darmstadt, the plain but good-hearted daughter of tho clever Princess Alice of Englaud, is going to marry the brother of the Princess of" Wales, Waldemar of Denmark. Francis Wise, a distiller, and the richest man in Ireland. 6as just died. He left no will to dispose of his wealth, which amounts to 15,000,000. A reasonable share of this. is in American securities. The contributions for the victims of the Vienna catastrophe have reached the sum of 1,000,000 florins (485,000). and as not more than 200 families will ask for hell there will be a substantial sum for each. Clerks in the French Government oflice only get an average salary of about $500,. and consequently there is cot such a rti graceful scramble for office as in the UnitoiH States. France and Italy have hitherto produce E sugar only from the beet root. The sugar cane has lately been introduced in Vxitli countries, and its rapid growth threaten the beet root industry. It is interesting to note that the Dnti li are at present engaged in reclaiming half a million acres from the Zuyder Zee. B -tween 1840 and 1852,45,000 acres were ii, cued from the sea at Harlem. "I have divided my subject," bega i tli parson, "into two heads." "Two 1 cad with but a single thought," whispered I tj to Mrs. F-, and then he closed his eyes f his usual nap. Boston Transcript. It is said that all the mines of Soqth America and Mexico, in the palmy d .vs. of Potosi, Cerro, de Pasco, Cartorcc, Kl Doctor, and Pachuca, never furnished p much silver annualy as was produced In.-r year by the mines within the United States.. Throughout Virginia City the Wato Company has about two hundred men at work. Most of these men are engaged in digging up frozen water pipes, and doinjp other work made necessary by the laie cold weather. The Carson and Colorado Railroad is now within three miles of Candelaria. At this point is being put in a long trestle-wor' which is fifty feet high. This is being rap idly constructed, and soon the oars will be running into the town. Business men in Baltimore popose to or ganize a Manufacturer's Aid Association, with) a capital of $1,000,000, the prime object of which shall be to erect and equip buildings with motive power for the purpose of rent ing the same to manufactures who cannot afford to own their own works. It is be lieved that such an association will attract important manufacturing inters its oi bo.