WEEKLY (MAMS GAZETTE. OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE STATE OFFICIAL PAPER FOR BENTON COUNTY Corvallis, March 21, 1879. W. B. CARTER, PACIFIC COAST BREAKWATER. This is a subject which is now en gaging the attention of the entire press of California. Column after column are written upon the impor tance of a harbor of refuge, and quite a number ot points are urged as the proper place for its location. By the politeness of Capt. J. J. Winant, we are in receipt of a copy of the sup plement to the San Francisco Jour nal of Commerce, of Jan. 22, 1879, which is filled with well written and Me articles on Pacific Coast Harbors. We are not surprised that the prefer ence, in all these articles, should be given to California, but we were somewhat surprised to find mention made of Rogue River, Port Orford, Arago, Coos Bay, Umpqna, Siuselaw, Alsea, Yaqnina Bay, Oster Bay, Columbia river, and other points, in Oregon, but not cue word about Cape Fouhveather, which beyond all doubt, in any unprejudiced mind, is the most available and most practi cable point for a breakwater between San Francisco and Puget Sound. Why this omission ? Was it acci dental ? Of course not. No person, assuming such perfect knowledge of harbors of the Pacific coast, should have been ignorant as to the import ance of Cape Foulweather in this connection. There was, evidently, a design in the utter silence observed as to the existence of Fouhveather. While, we say, wc were not sur prised at the course purs jed by Cali fornia writers, on this subject, we were surprised, amazed, confounded, at the action of the Portland Board of Trade, at its regular meeting, Mach 12, in ignoring the existence of Cape Foulweather, as well as the culpable ignorance displayed by the following resolution adopted by that Board, as found in their proceedings, published in the Oregonian of the 13th inst., as follows : Whereas, The report of the U. S. board of engineers of the Pacific coast shows that Port Orford, in Oregon, is by nature the beat located and protected port, and of eas ier construction at less expense as a harbor of refuge, occupying as it does a position midway between San Francisco and Puget Sound, and consequently of greater utility and speedier access to vessels in distress pro ceeding to or from Oregon, Washington ter ritory, British Columbia and Alaska, than Trinidad or more southern points in Califor nia, therefore. Resolved, That this board do represent these peculiar advantages to Gen. Hum phreys, chief of engineers at Washington, to Col. Gillespie, U. S. engineer at Portland, and to our senators and representatives in congress, and respectfully ask them to urge on the department the selection and adop tion of Port Orford, or failing which. Coos Bay, as the place for the construction of the harbor of refuge ordered by congress for the Pacific coast ; that the secretary forward copies of this resolution to the gentlemen herein named, together with abstracts of the reports of the board of Engineers on the Pa cific coast, and Col. Wilson, made to Gen. Humphreys. We hope every reader of the Ga zette will compare the statements of the above resolution with the of ficial report of R. A. Habersham, assistant engineer, under direction of Col. Wilson, as published in the Ga zette of Feb. 21st. How could this honorable Board of Trade, which is supposed to be interested in the com merce of the entire Stale, resolve that, the report recently made shows that " Pout Okfoud, is Oregox, is BY NATURE, THE BEST LOCATED AND PROTECTED PORT, AND OF EASIER CONSTRUCTION AT LESS EXPENSE as a harbor of refuge?" etc. Perhaps this Board of trade had not, at the time of passing the above resolution, seen the report of Mr. Habersham. For their benefit, and others who may have overlooked some of the most important points, in that report, we will make a brief extract, as follows: There is no question that such a work, if carried out, would greatly benefit navigation by affording shelter from southwest gales. Some such protection is absolutely required. But a better harbor, at much Jess cost, would be secured by building a breakwater from the extreme point of Cape. Foulwea ther northward, inside of the reef above de scribed, for a distance of GOO feet. This would enclose an area of about 100 acres, under the lee of the cape, with good an chorage in from 4 to 8 fathoms of water, having a free entrance from the west 1,200 teet wide. Such a harbor would satisfy the present necessities, not only as a refuge but also as a port of entry, Yaquina Bay being accessible only to light-draught coasting ves sels ; and it might be enlarged at any future time, if desired, by extending the breakwa ter along the reef. The cost per linear foot of a breakwater here, on the plan recommended, would be as nearly as can be estimated from the data ob tained, as follows, its dimensions being : Length 600 feet, average depth below low tide 31 feet. Ashlar masonry $410 60 Bubble masonry . 126 72 Small rough rubble, 110 cubic yards, at 32 220 00 Large rough rubble, 59.25 cubic yards, at $4 237 00 cial report, (no newspaper opinion,) that a harbor of sufficient capacity to " 6atlsfy the present necessities, not only as a refuge, but also as a port of entry," could be obtained at Cape Fouhveather, for the paltiy sum, .in comparison to the advantages to be gained, for $056,251 20. The lowest estimate made by Col. Wil son for such a work, at Port Orford, is $3,427,000. We leave our readers to judge which can be constructed for the least money, according to OFFICIAL REPORTS ? Per linear foot . 994 32 Making for its length of 600 feet, 596,592 00 Add for contingences 10 per cent, 59,659 20 Total 656,251 20 Thus it will be seen, from the offi- FROM THE CAPITAL. Salkm, March 17, 1879. Editor Gazette : This, among the Irish citizens, is " the day we celebrate," and its observance among that class of people is as universal and scarcely less enthusiastic than is that-of the glorious Independence day of American origin. True it is, that there are but few localities in Oregon where it is publicly observed; but, nevertheless, a thoroughbred son of Erin's Isle will remember the day in some manner ostentatiously or otherwise celebrate it. It is in our large cities, however, that we see it more generally observed, and an Irshman who, on that day, would do a stroke of work save in cases of dire necessity would endanger his repu tation as a true born Celtic. Hen-, women and children in Oregon's metropolis, to day, are united in its celebration and the Irish heart rejoices at its annual recurrence. The Irish. as a class, are a mirth-loving and we might, at the same lime, add a mirth provoking race, ever ready with a repartee and brimming full of wit and originality. The witticisms of the Celtic race are proverbial and any one to g3t ahead of a " bog trotter" must wake up early in the morning. As citizens, we have few better. They have, indeed done more for us, as Americans, than any other race tif foreigners, and all lovers of the Union bear in kindly remem brance their meritorious services dur ing the late civil war. AH honor, say we, to the sons of Erin. Their devotion to the mother country is commendable, and the heart of the average American would with them rejoice in their freedom from thral dom. We can but admire their ad hesion to the time honored custom of celebrating the birth of their pat ron saint, and the soul stirring Irish airs played and sung throughout th? country, to-day will, we feel assured, cause the American heart to pulsate with renewed activity. The Irish citizens of Salem have never, we be lieve, united in any public observance of the day, a fact that we have often wondered at, as we have a number in our midst who could, were they to combine their forces, get up a cele bration every way worthy of thennme. Well, we were down to Portland on Friday last, the day of the execu tion of the far-famtd Johnson and Brown, the murderers ot the boy Louis Joseph of that city. The de tails of the execution have been vividly portrayed by the omni present reporters of the daily press of that city and we need not dwell upon them. One thing, however, attracted our attention, and while it might have elicited the admiration of a few did, at the same time, excite the unqualified disapprobation of a very large majority of the best citi zona of the place. We allude to the military display on that occasion. The three military companies were ordered out and were in attendance in full uniform, armed and equipped as if marching against a foe. Di rectly southeast, of the court house a monstrous brass cannon gaped, with open mouth, at the halls of justice, and a full fledged battery stood ready to open fire on the building, fearful perhaps, that Sheriff Norden and his deputies might, at the last moment, weaken, when the bravo soldiers would be ordered to shoot the whole top of his head off. A stranger pass ing down Fourth street would have imagined Portland the most lawless city in the whole country and the military was necessary to maintain the peace of the city. It appeared more like a gala day, and men, wo men and children, with what appear ed to be a morbid curiosity, crowded around the jail, apparently desirous of catchimx a glimpse of the execu tion. Brass coats, blue buttons, gold lace, glittering bayonets, bristling cannon, and white gloves, appeared to predominate, while the stars and stripes were humiliated by being, unwillingly hoisted over the senseless display. Out upon such torn foolery. A squad of policemen would have been well enough, but to orde.r out our state militia on such an occasion was bad taste, to-say the very least, and the gaudy display of fuss and feathers was disgusting to almost every one, Portland can now wag her gory locks at the capital, nd gloat over her ascendancy in that she has been honored with two exc cutions, while Salem has been igno minously cheated out of her only opportunity to retaliate. The calendar of crime has been light, this week, in our neighborhood and news of any character are in great demand. One female, known as Mollie Rogers, has been arrested fo? having beguiled an old French lady into giving her ten dollars in silver for a confederate note of the same denomination, under the pre tense that it was a irold note. Arrest followed and the case still hangs fire Work on the capitol building is progressing finely. Warner, Barker and Sloat have the contract for paint ing the iron ornaments on the out side and are busiiv enuraered in so , CTC doing. Ben. Strang is putting a new tin roof around the outer edges and conuectm; it with thecornice beneath. Hexter and May are putting the iron cornice rapidly in place, while Tom Huntington and a force of men are covering the outer wall with a heavy coat of cement. J. M. Scott, Esq. with a force of carpenters, is putting the finishing touches on the treasur ei a new apartments which, when completed, will bo a model of con venience. By the time the appropria tion is exhausted the building, so far as outside apperances are concerned, will look at least two hundred pe cent belter. All that remained mortal of the late Mrs. Dell Alexander was con signed to earth yesterday. The body arrived on the steamer Oregon and was brought to Salem on Satur day evening's train and the funeral took place on the day following from the M. E. Church, Rev. F. P. Tower officiating. The building was filled with relatives and friends, and the ceremonies were impressive throughout. The remains were fol lowed to their last resting place by a large concourse of people, M. L. Chaniberlin, C. B. Moores, H. II Gilfry, J. A. Stratton, John W. Rol and and A. T. Yeaton, acting as pall bearers for the occation. Peace to her ashes. The Govenor has made the follow ing executive appointments since '. wrote you last: Notaries Public. James Riley, Harisburg; A. J. Ham ilton, Beaverton; II. B. Nicholas. Portland and C. VV. Fitch of Eugene Cify. Military commissions have been issued as follows: Isaac Jacks Captain, J. E. Coleman 1st Lieut, and J. E. Glasscock 2nd Lieut Company "F" Second Retriment Third Brigade Oregon State Militia, with headquar lers in Umatilla county. Articles of Incorperation have been filed as follows: The Columbia Canning Companv of Portland, James Laidlaw, C. W. lEgguis, and James Strang incorporators ; Capital stock $20,000. Tile Bridze Creek Road and Bridge Company of Was co county; Incorporators, S. P. Law rence Mary J. Helms and John Helms; Capital stock $1000. Port land Schutzen Verien; Incorporators, W. Suhuitz, Chris. Schloth, A. A. Colin, Peter Esser and E. G. Gart ner; capital slock $100; object to per fect sharpshooting and the general development of body and mind. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Calvert of this city celebrated the fifteenth anniver sary of their wedding last eveiiinr and entertained a number of friends. The base hull clubs are reorganizim" for the coming season, the Acme and Eagle club having just held their an nual election. Sheriff Jos. A. Baker and his es timable lady lost their son Frank yes terday, a lad of some ten years of ajo. Efforts are being made to induce Rev. May, of Portland to visit this city and deliver his lecture on the Talmud. Dame Rumor insists that Judge Harding, of this Dintiict, contem plates resigning his position on the bench, and that His Excellency the Govenor will appoint R. S. Slrahan, of Albany, to fill the vacancy. "Ned" Tardy Justice. The Oregonian says a private dispatch from Mr. J, D. Holman, who has been at Wash ington City for some weeks past, states that the bill long pending which passed the senate last session awarding him $25,000 has finally passed the house. This claim was for improvements on the Pacific City site, which Mr. Holman owned and which, on the establishment of a mil itary post at Cape Disappointment, was appropriated by the government. No doubt of its justice was ever sup posed, but circumstances of impor tant legislation, and the business of the civil war before congress made all other matters unbordinate, and this among them Buffered tedious and un just delay. There is much good land" still open for settlement on the Siuslaw, m the southern part of the State. HMG1TO IN PORTLAND. JOHNSON AND BROWN MEET THEIR FATE. The Last Hours of the Doomed Criminals. SAD WARNING TO FAST YOUNG MEN. On last Friday, March 14, 1879, at 2:22 p. M., two of the O'Shea robbers and the murderers of the boy Louis Joseph, paid the penalty of their crimes upon the gallows in Portland the second execution in that city We make the following extracts'from the Oregonian s account of the terri ble tragedy, from the issue of March 15th : Dark, sombre clouds hunt; over the city yesterday like a pall; fit emblem of the trag edy that ws enacted, for in comfonnity with the sentence imposed upon them, James Johnson and Archie Brown paid the penalty of their misdeeds upon the scaffold. Nei ther of the men are represented by their right name. Brown's true name is Eugene L. Avery, as is not well known. That of James Johnson is also assumed, but his real name is known to hut few, and though in possession of all the facts in his life we do not feel called upon to divulge them for the sake of gratifying public curiosity. With us he shall live and die as James Johnson. His mother is still ignorant of the fate of her son, and the bitter truth will never be bro ken to her if possible to hide the unfortunate closing of his life. We also ileal with Avery as "Archie Brown, "the namehehad assumed. His history is better known to out readers and need not he repeated in this article. Both men arc twenty-five years of age, and before the enactment of the crime that was yesterday paid for by their lives had served a term in the State prison of California at San Queutin. Both are of respectable par entage, the family of Johnson residing in California and moving in the best society ; that of Brown at Watertown, Wisconsin. It had been hoped by many of their friends that a commutation of sentence would be granted them, but all efforts in this direction failed and those found guilty of the killing of young Louis Joseph having expiatert their crime. The preparations made fur their exe cution were perfect in every detail. The scaffold was erected on the south side of the court house and enclosed by a high stockade fence, completly hiding from view the trag edy enacted within its walls. The streets in the vicinity for hours prior to the time of the execution were filled by many, who, drawn there by curiosity, appeared reluctant to pass on, and stood intently gazing at the unsightly stockade that surrounded the hor rid instrument of death. THE MILITARY UNDER ARMS. At 8 o'clock in the morning the various military companies assembled at their armo ries in full uniform, and at noon were as signed to the stations ahout the court house square. The Emmett Guard, City Ritlos, Portland Battery and Washington Guards were on guard duty. Cannon were planted at the corner of the streets and the bristling bayonets and glittering uniforms gave the streets in the neighborhood a decided milita ry aspect. A great crowd of citizens were gathered about the court house, at least 3,000, and 200 or 300 Chinamen, who rang ed themselve? on the sidewalks and appeared greatly interested in the proceedings. As is generally known, the men ha t been hitnerto ' sentenced to he hung and were respited by Governor Thayer. TITE LAST NIGHT ON EARTH. The coridor of the jail Thursday night presented a mournful appearance. The dim glare of the lights hut added to the solem nity. The cells of Brown and Johnson were furnished with caudles for their convenience. But very few were allowed to enter the cor idor, as both the prisoners had expressed a wish to be allowed to remain in quiet. Ihose who gained access were friends of the men or .representatives of the press. Brown passed the greiter part ot the mglit in writ ing letters to Ms motner ami otner relatives. At half-past nine he called Jaiier Barry to his cell door and aske 1 for a pairof scissors. Poor boy, he wished to cut a lock of hair from his head to send home the last me mento from an erring son to a heart broken but ever loving mother. In conversation later with a representative of this paper. Brown desired it st ited that while he felt that he had been guilty of a grave crime one that deserved severe punishment he thought that grjat public prejudice had been more instrumental in sending pun to me gallows than the law. He said : "GOD KNOWS I DID NOT MEAN TO KILL The boy. I did not even see him. During hi3 conlmement, Brown further remarKert, he had received the best treatment from the jail offieials. Toward Sheriff Ben Nor leu and the jailer, Jame3 Birry, he entertained the best of feelings. Since his incarceration every wisli that he made manifest had leen cordially complied with and since their sen tence every want expressed had been furn ished. As the hours passed on Brown dis played considerable nervousness iind some agitation as slowly but surely the time drew nearer when he was to hid the last farewell to earth and friends 10 answer for his crime. Johnson, throughout the night, displayed the greatest fortitude. He smoked cigars, conversed freely with the representatives of this paper, but expressed his disgust in strong terms toward some of the reporters whom he thourfit were promoted in the ar ticles appearing in their papers ahout thein, by malicious motives. He thought that his being made to suffer death was wrong, and reiterated his former statements that he had nothing to do with killing the boy ; that he did not have a pistol at that time and even did not stiike O'Shea in the pawn shop. In this statement he is supported by Brown. During the early part of the night Johnson appeared a little restless, as though waiting to hear from his friends, whom he knew were working in his behalf. Toward Mr. Thom as Shortell, who has greatly interested him self in his behali, Johnson appeared especial ly grateful, and in coneraing on the subject said : "TOMMY HAS BEEN LIKE A BROTHER To me in my trouble, even more than a brother, if possible. On learning that the telegraph office had been closed at Salem for the night and no favorable tidings had been received, he quietly resumed his seat in the corner of his cell and. with bowed head and clasped hands, appeared to give himself up to deep meditation. At about ten o'clock, Kev. .bather rierens, who had spent a greater portion of the day with both the prisoners, again called to administer to them spiritual consultation. Sisters Thresea and Josephine, of St. Vincent's Hospital, also spent yesterday afternoon with the coudem ed men, ministering to their spiritual wants. In the earlier portion of the nisdit the two prisoners had the following order drawn up regarding the final disposition of their bodies : Portland, March 13, 1879. Sheriff Ben Korden: Dear Sir Yon will confer a great favor by delivering our bodies to Thoma3 Shortell. or his father. This our last request. JAMES JOHNSON. EUGENE L. AVERY. Witnesses : tw. I 'J . WHAIlVla Shortly after midnight Brown and John son laid down upon their pallets and went to sleep, x heir slumbers tor a while were all that one in their pitiful condition could have asked for ; sound and peaceful, as if no thought whatever of anything beyond haunted their sleeping vision. For an hour or two. BOTH OF TOE MEN SLEPT Undisturbed, when Johnson became restless, and from then until morning dawned sleep forsook him. He complained some of feel ing sick and all efforts to seek repose were futile. Brown slept well until morning and ate a hearty breakfast, but Johnson could not partake of food. Early in the morning Sistere Thresea and Josephine were an nounced and were admitted to the corridor. Later Rev. W. C. Chattin, the city mission ary of the Methodist church, visited the prisoners and conversed with them for some time. Johnson discarded all religious belief and seem3d firm in his conviction that there was no hereafter. Brown appeared to be somewhat impressed with the words of the clergyman and priest, and both unite in praise of Dr. Chattin for the strong friend ship he has shown them. Father Fierens was also well received, but as to other of the clergy who visited them they spoke in se vere terms, denouncing them, as unchristian like and apparently anxious that they should be hung. At 10 o'clock yesterday morning Sheriff Norden sent the following dispatch to Sa lem : Portland, March 14, 1879. To IF. W Thayer, Salem : The execution is set for 1 o'clock. Have you any further communication to mike regarding Brown and Johnson'. BEN. L. NORDEN, Sheriff. In answer to- the above the- following tele gram was received at 11:30 o'clock : Salem, March 14, 1879. To B. L. Noidsn, Sheriff Multnomah County : Nothing more than this : Execute the warrant. W. W. THAYER. With the reception of the foreg -ing dis patch the last nickering spark of hope ex pired, ami the doomed men, on hearing the edict, resigned themselves to their fate. FROM CELL TO SCAFFOLD. At twenty minutes to two this afternoon the cell doors were unlocked, and Johnson and Brown stepped out to meet their death. Sheriff Ben Norden, Deputy Sheriff William Church, Jr., and Jailor James Barry accom panied them. Rev. W. C. Chattin attended them to the scaffold. Ascending the thir teen steps the prisoners were given seats upon the platform, and Sheriff Norden read to them the death warrant and reprieve of the governor amid perfect silence. .Sheriff Norden was visibly affected throghout the reading, and none envied him his position yesterday as sheriff. HOW THEY WEKE DRESSEDi Brown was dressed in blue clothes, white shirt and collar, and English walking shoes. He was bareheaded, but his hair was nicely combed. He wore, no necktie. Johnson seemed to have but little regard to his ap pearance, and wore a gray shirt, brown pants, a dark coat and neatly embroidered slippers. As the death warrant was being read Johnson sat in his chair with great composure. Brown nervously played with his fingers, but intently listened to all that was read to him. At the conclusion of the reading of the warrant and reprieve Sheriff Norden turned to the prisoners and said : It is this, gentlemen, that causes the pro ceedings to-day to take place. Have you anything to say now ? Johnson " T have nothing." Brown "Well, I don't know but what I have a few words to say." Brown then JUMPED ON THE TRAP and said : "Gentlemen, yon see before you a man that has caused a trreat deal of excite ment in Oregon. In California six months ago I was chief of a gang of robbers, and left there to come to Oregon to see what I could spot. 1 was to return and with others was to undertake to rob the bnk of Mc Laughlin, in ban Jose. I wo ispani.",ru3, a white man and myself were to do this. I wili never tell who they are who were with me in this. ;' Johnson, interrupting Brown. Tell them if I was in any way concerned in it. Brown, resuming "Johnson had noth ing to do with it in any way." We were to rob that bank at all hazards. I was the captain and chief of the band. I was the one to say go, an 1 when I said go, they would go, you bet. 1 have faced death in every shape, manner and form, and no one ever made me take water. The fifth day after I got out of San Quentin, I was out late at night, seeing what I could do in " hanging up" or garroting any one. While p issing the "Hole in the Wall," near the City Hall. I was met by an old German, a good sized man, weighing about 180 pounds He sail he had jn3t been robbed and grab bing me by the shoulders said, ' I believe I was robbed by you.' He aked me where he could find a policeman. I cave him "a stall" and pushed him over. He caught me again by the collar with both hands, and I struck him on the jaw. The blow only ftaggared him an 1 he started to run after me. He was a good runuor. I intended to go to Chinatown, but he followed me too close. He ran like a deer. I am pretty good at running myself, but he caught up and raised his cane to strike me. I dodged the blow and the man fell to the sidewalk near the curb stone. I continued to run and a policeman accosted mo near the Bella Union theater, telling ms to stop or he would shoot. I did not stop and 1 reached the Pacific Mail dock all right. 1 had to leave there no one in Christ's world God's world (1 take that other word bvck), would believe but what I had been the one to rob that man. They would have said : 'YOU CAN'T SPIN THE OLD RACKET.' No ' fancy business' would have been stood, so I had to leave. I went to the Seventeen Mile House, near Shell Park ; I stopped there for a drink of water : the man asked me if I wanted a job, and I told him I did not care much. Sheriff Norden Brown, do you wish to recite every incident of your life it is now a few minutes past two o'clock ; will you be through by half p st two ? Brown ye3, I guess so. I will simply say, I am a noted highwayman, a great rob ber 1 am guilty of every crime. I will say to the young men, listen to your moth ers. If you do, you will not meet the doom I am to. I would like to sing a song. Brown here sang the old song of "John Rogers," commencing : "COME ALL YOU KIND HEARTED CHRISTIANS Reciting murders committed by the hero of the ballad, the thanks of the suppose:! at torneys of the man and the kindness shown to John Rogers as a prisoner. At the conclusion of the singing of the dogneral Brown again said, " I. die feeling penitent, I solemnly declare. God bless the voimu- men. Mr. Norden, if you have no objection I would like to sing another song. Sheriff Norden Certainly. Brown then sang "Trials by Jury," an other of the sam? class ot songs as the first. At the close of the fifth verse he studied for a minute and remarked, " Guess I've forgot the rest no, no, here it is" and then continued the song to its conclusion and in formed the sheriff he was through. Sheriff Norden Go on, Mr. Brown, if you want to. Brown "Just think of my poor mother to-day. My many kind friends who have tried to save my life may God bless yon, may God bles3 you, God "bless you. I think I am reconciled to go. I know there is a right and wrong. My dear young men do not do wrong, or you will surely regret it. We all have our trials and tribulations. That poor boy I killed, I did not know I killed him until ten days after. I thought Sprague was armed when I fired at him. I intended to kill him, I aimed at his heart. You all know that self-preservation is the first law of nature. I have saved many lives in my time, once a young lady from being raped, but I was captain and chief and I made all that crossed me take water. I was raised by christian parents, but was reckless and wild, after 1 came to Colorado. I did not listen to their teachings, and now I am here to-day. Would to God I had listened to my mother's teachings, but I went from worse to worse, the companions of short card players, thieves, gamblers, counterfeiters and worse." Johnson here interrupted Brown, saying : "Brown, I wish you would speak to the point, if you have anything to say ; this suspense is terrible to me." Brown (continuing) "There is a God, a hereafter ; turn your hearts to Him ; I associated with bad characters ; I never feared death in any form. There is not many that can say that. I AM SORRY FOR JOHNSON, who is an infidel. There is no logic in that. Johnson, 1 am sorry for you. I would say to all, join a church no matter wdiat de nomination, if you believe in? a God. You will never regret it. If Johnson had come to the front like a soli I man we would not be on this scaffold to-day. I had confidence in them both, Swards and him". I was m guard for three days after we left trie pawn shop. When Swards was taken I heard the men with bim give themselves away, saying they were from Portland and were going to Astoria. That was a "fly racket, wasn't it?" I do not think that Sprague would dare to meet me face to face with a weapon, I do not think he would dare to arre3t me now if I should escape, or any two or three of the officers, though they are pretty goood officers-. Oh, God ! think of my sad; fate listen to my advice, young men. Oh; that' I had listened to my mother's voice. I hold no grudge against the governor for not saving my life. God directed hi3 actions. Brown here took leave of his counsel and others. Sheriff Norden then again asked Johnson if he had anything to say. Johnson stepped up on the drop, and in a perfectly cool and dignified manner said ; Gentlemen : I have not been, a desperate man. I crave no notoriety. I want yon all to know, and all the world to know, that I die the victim of judicial murder: He then shook hands with all the officers and others, and at Brown's request, wi th him, though apparently with some reluctance, as though thoroughly disgusted with him after his speech, made in the very shadow of death THE SHERIFF'S JURY. In accordance with the provisions of the state statutes requirin ' a sheriff's- iury of twelve men to be present and witness the execution, and afterward certify to the same, the following persons were selected as wit nesses to attest the legality of the proceed ings r Eirgeue D. White, Geo. C. Sears, L. C. Potter. Leonard Stark, J. M. Oilman, L Besscr, P. Leonard, J. C. Stuart, Win. Showers, &. E. Bothwick, C. J. Graham and Chas. B. Bartell. Upon the scaffold the press reporters were funrnished 'with seats and enjoyed an uninterrupted view of all the proceedings. The following papers were represented : rew York Pblice Netes Salem Statesman, Frankfurter Zeitung. Germany ; Inland Em pire. S-'attle Intelligencer, Hiflsboro Inde pendent. Ore; .titan. Telegram, Standard, Bee, New Kurt Incest and the California Associated Press. The following county officers and ex officials were also within the inclosure : Sheriff Crossen, of Waseo county ; Sheriff Hogan, of Douglas; Sheriff Baker, of Ma rion ; Chief Besser, of the city police force John Minto, city marshal of Salem ; ex Chief of Police Lappeus, and ex-Sheriff JeJ'ery. THE PREPARATION. At the conclusion of Johnson's remarks the officers in attendance strapped the legs of the men together, fastened their hands at the back and drew black cloth caps over their hea ls. The ropes were then adjusted. While Sheriff Norden was arranging the rope about Johnson's neck he said, " Take your time Ben. don't be impatient." These were his last words. At the very last Brown declared that he died a Chiisfian, and his last utterance was a plea to his lellow vic tim to believe in Christ. When all was ready Rev. W. C. Chattin, who attended on the scaffold, made a brief prayer, and as he uttered " Amen," precise ly at twenty-two minutes past two o'clock, THE DROP FELL. Both men appeared to have been immedi ately killelbythe fall, only a slight m-ove ment being observable, Doctors R. O. Rex an 1 VV. Hi Saylor. who were in atten lance, stoo l by the hanging bodies, and at the ex piration of aliout half an hour th :y were pronounced deid, an 1 cut down. Johnson's pulse beat fourteen minutes ; Brown's neck was slightly fractured anl at the expiration of seven minutes all signs of life hot pass ed. The bodies were placet' in black wooll en s.offiii3 and taken immediately to the undertakers. in the synagogue and military hospital ar without foundation. " The Hungarian minister of finance left for Szegedm with 200,000 florins to be distrib uted among sufferers of the mundation. 1 he greater part of the town of Szegedin was destroyed and several hundred people perished. Relief parties are actively at work succoring survivors No official report of the extent of the calamity has yet been received. Vienna, March 14. Six steamers and 20 tugs left Pesth for Szegedin. Six thousand persons are still surronnded by water at Szegedin. SziaiEpiN, March 14. -The government authorities report 300 persons have beea drowned. At noon Thursday there were still persons on the roofs of hosses and in trees. Some persons diet! from exposure to the cold. A number of incendiaries have been arr-sted. The towns of Crongrad at the confluence of the rivers Theiss and Koros, 32 milts north- of Szegedin, and Szentes, two miles nearer Szegediur ate also threatenel. New York, March 15. A tramp bill wa passed by the Albany assembly yesterday after considerah'e opposition, Jwincipally from this city delegation. It iajfeteled on toe New Hampshire law, whUaHfeu-ed the state- of tramps. It makes theffinishment of tramps six months-in the penitentiary. The extension of East Side Elevated road through Chatham street opens on Monday, and completes the chain of rapid transit front City Hall to Harlem. It is reported that a large capitalist is about buying one thou sand acres of land in- Westchester county, and will erect 4,000 cottages for sale to-' clerks, mechanics and others for $Ir000 each. Other movements in the same direction, to make We3tcheiter property availfblefor the relief of the pressure of the population in this city, arc proposed as the result of rapid transit. Lumber is in great demand at Pendleton ; several new buildings will be put up as soon. as the necessary lumber can be produced. TELEGRVPHIO. COMPILED FUOM TUB IAILY OUKCONIAK. The Flood at Szegedin The CMy Crumb ling away Distress of the Inhabitants Ue'Aet of SuH'crers. London, March 12. The Daily .Vciot' spe cial from Szegedin says : Since the last tel egram the water has risen in the town five feet. The situation is becoming worse and worse. Sixty thousand persons are without roof to cover them. It is feared the loss of life has been very great and it will increase during this terrible night. The foregoing, coming dire jtly from the spot, is probably more trustworthy than the official account previously received from Pesth. Violent attacks in the Hungirian diet possibly caused the government to make its report of the disaster as favorable as possible. Accounts of the disaster received from Vienna say the upper floors of all high houses are crammed with people in momentary fear of death. It is thought some few houses which are built of stone may stand. Pesth, March 13. The latest report from a special government commissioner at Sze gedin says that be.siile3 the four corpses which have been brought in more are re ported. One hundred square mile3 in the neighbor hood of Szegedin are flooded. rops in the district are lost. The government has sent df( (inn Hnrina fnr thp relief of the inhabit ants. Radicals in the diet violently attack the government for neglecting to take pre cautions to prevent the calamity. Several fires have occurred, and there are 3trong suspicions of incendiarism. The wa ter is yet rising, but the communication to ward Temesvar is still open. The irruption of the waters came so suddenly that work men barely had time to reach town. Ample provision of boas has been made through out the town, but it is feared that sueh an inundation happening in the depth of njght cannot but drown many persons. Tele graphic communication with Szegedin was interrupted during a great part of Wednes day until evening. . . . E-ening The danger in Szegedin is in creasing. Rescuing boats continually strike ruins so that in many case3 to rescue suffer ers is impossible. A boat capsized by which seven women were drowned. A yio.ent storm is raging and the flood is contiuiially rising, and is now two feet above the level of Theiss. Unsubmerged area has been re duced to 600 square metres, which contin ually decreases. At the first irruption of the water 35 soldiers were drowned. I he state railway carried gratuitously 10,000 fu gitives yesterday. Summarizing official and private accounts from Szegedin the dead must amount to many hundreds. It is impossible to make a close estimate as the number buried under the ruins cannot yet be ascertained, lhe houses built of sun-dried bricks continued to collapse long after the inrush of the flood. The work of feeding and removing the suf ferers is now proceeding with great ardor. Sensational stories of hundreds being bnned HALL'S SAFE IAD LOCK COMPANY. Capital - - 3,000.000. QEMERAL OFFICES AND MANUFACTORY, UJUVUUUNATi, OHIO, Pacipic Branch, No. 210 Sansome St.TS.Fn Cal- Agency for Oregon and W. Terrritory with" II AW LEY, DODO & CO., Portland. HALLS PATENT CONCRETE FIRE PROOF SAFE& Have been tested by the most disatrous coiv-rlagrations-in the couatry. They are thoroughly fire-proof. They arc free from dampness; Their superiority is beyond question. Although alxrot 150,000 of these safes are.' now in use, and hundreds have been tested. by some of tha most disastrous conflagrations ' in the country, there is not x single instance-, on record wherein one of them ever failed-' to pi t-serve its contents perfectly. HALL'S PATENT DOVETAILED, TDNON AND GK0OVH BURGLAR-PROOF Have never been broken open and robbed by' burglars or robbers. H ill's burglar work is protected By letters patent, and his work cannot be equaled lawfully. His patent bolt work is superior to any vat use. Hia patent locks cannot lie picked by the most skillful experts or btirglars. Uy one of the greatest improvement known, the Oioss Automatic Movement, our locks are operated without any arboror spin dle passing through the door and into the Lock. Oitr Locks can-act be picked or opened by burglars or experts, (as in case of other Locks.) ami wo will put from $1,000 to$10, 000 behind them at any time against an equal amount. The most skillfnl workmen only are eir.. ployed. Their work cannot be excelled.. Hall's Safes and Locks can be relied at alt times. They are carefully ami thoroughly con structed. THEY ARE THE BEST SAFE Mad in America, or any other country.. ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS To any person who- can prove that oe of Hall's patent burglar-proof safes has ever been broken open and robbed by burglars, up to the present time. R. N. WILLIAMS, Agent for Oregon and W. T. Office with Hawley, Dodd & Co., Portland. 2Sfebl6-:tf. SUMMONS. In the Circuit Court of the State ot Ore gon, for Benton county, Thomas Thrasher. Plaintiff, vs. Catharine '1 hrashcr, Defendant. Suit in equity for a divorce, rpo CATHARINE THRASHER, THE JL above named defendant, in the name ot the State of Oregon, you are hereby sum-, moned and required to appear and answer tli e complaint of said plaintiff', ia-th above entitled suit, now on hie in the office of the Clerk of said Court at, o- before the next term of said Circuit Court, to be holden at i Corvallis in said eounty, on. the second Monday in April, 1879. And you are here by notified that if you fail to answer said complaint, as herein required, the plaintiff will take judgment against yon for the want thereof and will apply to the Court for the. relief demanded in the eomplaint, to-wit : A decree of divorce dissolving the bonds of matrimony now existing between yon and the plaintiff, and for costs and disbursements of this suit. This summons is published by order of Hon. J. F. Watson, Judge of said Court, bearing date Feb. 28, 1879. JOHN BURNETT, Plaintiff's Attorney. Dated Feb. 28, 1879 16:9w6 Summons. IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE State of Oregon for Benton County. Lpesa A. Johnsow, ) Plaintiff, v$. Newton C. Johnson, ) Defendant. To Newton C. Johnson, the above named Defendant : In the name of the State of Oretron. von are hereby summoned and re quired to appear and answer the complaint of said Plaintiff in the above entitled suit now on tile in the office of the Clerk of said Court, on or before the next term of said Circuit Court to lie holden at Corvallis, in said connty, on the second Monday of April, A. D. 1879. And yon are hereby notified that if you fail to answer said Complaint as herein required, the Plaintiff will apply to saiil court for the relief demanded in the complaint. The object of said suit is a di vorce from the bonds of matrimony now ex. isting betweenplainliff and defendant. Pub lished by order of Hon. J. F. Watson, Judge, at chambers, on the 8th day of October, 1878, Dated this 6th day of February. A D. 1879. F. A. CHENOWETH, 21febl6:8w6. Pl'fFs Attorney.