Che Corfotllia (ghetto. PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING BY Editor and Proprietor. TERMS: (COIN.) Ier l'car, : : Six Monlli, : : Three Months, : INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. $ SO 1 so 1 oo me VOL. XVI. CORVALLIS, FRIDAY, MARCH 14, 1879. NO. 11. C Cffrtaiiis gette. - RATES OF ADVERTISING 1 Inch 1 00 3 op 6 w , g qq-J- 1-1! I j 00 I sou i too j law i ihoTi LJ! ! 3 00 I CUO I 10 00 16 00 I 29 (in 1 ggj 7 00 i 13 Up l!i00 jCol. - 6 00 9 00 15 00ij!0(in j g 3 " I 7 60 t2 00 I 18 00 35 00 j 48 00 j " 10 00 15 00 I 25 00 4000 I mi, a " lltisoo 80 09 ..i m m oo 1 100 do Notices in Local Column. 20 fteflbl Tut lino u scrtion. ' r ' Transient advertisements, per square of 12 lines Nonpareil measure, 2 50 for first, and SI for each sub sequent insertion in ADVANCE. Legal advertisements charged as transient, and must be paid for upon expiration. Kochunre for pub lisher s affidavit of publication. VWlilv njlvpTf.icnmantL .... 111 1 . tw . . sional Cards, (1 square) 12 per annum. AH notices ' anii :ulvertii3i'',pnts !it..l.l fr. .... . ; 1 u t : : , . .w pwwpwH hnh uy handed m by noon on Wednesday, F. A. CHENOWETHj .A-ttorney at Law, CORVALLIS, OREGON". OFFICE Corner of Monroe and 21 St. I6:ltf .A-ttorney at Law, CORVALLIS, .... OREGON. OFFICE On Monroe street, bet. Second and Third. 0TK8 AND ACC0UXT8. 10:111. JAMES A. YANTI'S, Att'y and Counselor at Law, CORVALLIS, OREGON. WILL PRACTICE IN ALL THE COURTS OF the State. Special attention given to matters in Probate. Collections will receive prompt and care ful attention. Gifice in the Court House. 10:ltf. J. C. MOREL AND, (city attorney,) ATTORNEY AT LAW, PORTLAND, OREGON. OFFICE Monastics' Brick, First street, bet. Morrison and Yamhill. 14:38tf DR. F. A. VINCENT, DENTIST, CORVALLIS, OREGON. OFFICE in Fisher.s New Brick over Max. Friendly's New Store. All the latest improvements. Everything new and complete. All work warrant- ted. Please give meacall. 1&:M. AMES JJHAKE. WILLIAM GRANT DRAKE & GRANT. MERCHANT TAILOES, CORVALLIS, - - - OREGON. Gr rain Storage! A WORD TO FARMERS. HAVING PURCHASED THE COMMODIOUS Warehouse of Messrs, King & Bell, and thor oughly overhauled the same, I am now ready to re ceive grain on storage at the roduced Kate of i cent per ISushel. I am also prepared to keep EXTRA, WHITE WHEAT, separate from other lots, thereby enabling me to SELL AT A PREMIUM. Also prepared to pay the Higfiiest Market Price for wheat, and would, most respectfully, solicit a share of public patronage. THOS. J. BLAIR. Corvallis. Aug. 1, 187S. 15:32tf. ASTONISHING CURES Of XerTOns Debility, Lost Manhood, Paralysis, Exhaublcd Vitality, Im paired memory, Mental Diseases, Weakness of Kcprodiictivc Organs, etc., etc., By the GreatEnglish Remedy, SIR ASTLEY COOPER'S VITAL RESTORATIVE TT RESTORES HEARING AND STRENGTHENS J the EyssigM. It is not a QUACK NOS riiUM. Its effects are permanent. It has no equal. It is neither a STIMULANT NOR EXCITANT, but it will do the work thoroughly and well. DR. MINT1E & CO'S great success in the above complaint is largely due to the use of this wonderful Medicine, Price &i 00 per bottle, or four times the quantity for $10 sent secure from observation upon RECEIPT OF PRICE. None genuine without the signature of the propri etor, A. E. MINTIEfM. D. Physicians sav these troubles cannot be cured. The VITAL RESTORATIVE and Dr. Mintie & Co's Special Trijatinent testify positively that they can. CO.VSULTATIOX FREE. Thorough examination and advice, including analy sis, S3 00. Address DR. E. A. MI.VTIE, U. I).. (Graduate of University of Pennsylvania, and late Resident Surgeon, Orthapccdic Hospital, Philadel phia. Office Hours 10 A. M. to 2 P. M. daily ; 0 to 8 ev enings. Sundays, 11 A. M. to 1 P. M. only. 15:32m6. ALL WORK IN OUR LINE NEATLY AND promptly executed. Repairing and Cleaning a tqjecialty. Satisfaction guaranteed. Shop opiosite Graham & Hamilton's. 13:27tf G. R. FARRA, M. D., PHYSICIAN, SURGEON AND OBSTETRCIAN. Tfiii: GREATEST Kidney and Bladder Medicine ! IN TUB WORI.9! VEGETABLE NEPHREIM1 For Inflammation of the Kidneys or Bladder, Pain in the Back, IHabetse, Briyht's Disease, etc. TRY IT fcOne bottle will convince you of its Great Merit. Ask your Drujist for it and take no other. Everybody who uses it recommends it. Irioc 1 35 p-r ICottlc. To be had of all Druggists, or of the Proprietor, at 11 Kearny Street, San Francisco, California. o FFICE OVER .GRAHAM & Drug Store, Corvallis, Oregon. HAMILTON'S I4:26yl NEW TIN SHOP, J. K. WEBBER, Propr., 3Vain St., Corvallis. STOVES AND TINWARE, ALL KINDS. 43" All work warranted and at reduced rates. 12:13tf II. E. HARRIS, One Door South of Graham .t Hamilton's, CORVALLIS - - - OREGON. Groceries, Provisions, AND DHT-GOODS. Corvallis, Jan. 3, 1878. 10:lyl. J. BLUMBERG, (Bet. Southers' Drug Store and Taylor's Market,) CORVALLIS, OREGON GROCERIES and PROVISIONS, FURNISHING Goods, Cigars and Tobacco, etc., etc. Produce taken, at highest market rates, in exchange for goods. March 7, 1878 15:10tf W. C. CRAWFORD, DEALER IN .. cSL WATCHES, Ola OCKS! TEWELttY, SPECTACLES, SIVER WARE, ETC. O Also, MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, STRINGS, &C. t3T Repairing done at the most reasonable rates, and all work warranted. Corvallis Dec. 13. 1877. MdMf BOARD anOLODGING. Neat Rooms and Splendid Table. OUR CORRESPONDENT ON YESTERDAY WAS shown the Neatly Kuriilslieil Room W-r . MRS- JOSEPH POLLY. At their residence, just opposite the residence of Judge F. A. Chenoweth prepared and now in readiness for such boarders as may choose to give her a call, either by the single meal or by the week. Mrs. Polly has a reputation as a cook, and sets as good actable as can be found in the State. Solicits a share of patronage. 15:46tf FRUIT TREES AND SEEDS! The Coast HillsNursery OFFER A FINE AND CAREFULLY GROWN stock of FRUIT AND NTJT TREES to suit the times. Also an assortment of Garden Seed. All our seeds aie carefully tested. Seeds in packets sent by mail, post-paid, on receipt of price 10 cents. A few varieties choice Flower Seeds at the same price. Vegetable Plants and Flowers fof sale In the Spring. Orders by mail will receive prompt attention. Address ED. C. PHELPS, Manager, Newport, Benton Countv, Oregon. Dk. 2(1. 1878. 15:71m4. ENGLISH DANDELION PILLS! THE ONLY two medicines which really act upon the LIVER, one is Mercury or Ulue Pill, and the other DANDELION. THOUSANDS of Constitutions have been destroy ed by Mercury or lilue Pill, and Calomel. The only SAFE Remedy is DR. MINTIE'S Dandelion Combina tion, which is purely VEGETABLE, which acts gently upon the Liver and removes all ob structions. Prfce per box, 25 cents. To be had of all Druggists. All letters should be directed to, and special treat ment given, at No. 11 Kearney St. San Francisco Julv 11. 1&7S. IS 32m6. CIT MARKET JOHN S. BAKER, Propr. CORVALLIS, - OREGON. TTAVING BOUGHT TIIE ABOVE MARKET -LX and himm and permanently located in Corvallis, I will keep constantly on hand the choicest cuts of BEEF. PORK, SftlTTON, and VEAL. Especinl attention to making extra BO LOGNA SAUSAGE. Being a practical butcher, with large experi ence in the business, I flatter myself that 1 can give satisfaction to customers. Please call and givemea trial. JOHN S. BA K 10 K. Dec. 6th, 1878. 15:49tf SETTLE UP. A LL PERSONS KNO VING THEMSELVES A indebted to the late firm of B. T. Taylor A Co., are hereby notified to come forward and settle said indebtedness immediately and save costs, as our business must be closed up. B. T. TAYLOR CO. Corvallis 13, 1878. lS:46tf. Farm for Sale. THE UNDERSIGNED OFFERS FOR sale his splendid grain and stock farm, fnur miles nnrth nf wpst: (',,,-, -Jl . VVl O, VfU Oak creek containing 1200 acres over one l -.!-.. : It: . uuuiiicii ftuiw in uunivaLiou two nne oear ing orchards, and well calculated for divid ing into two or more snug farms Terms easy and title perfect. For particulars in quire of E. Holgate, W. B. Carter, or E. MARPLE, on the premises. Corvallis, Jau. 1, 1878. 16:ltf. FITS EPILEPSY, OR FALLING SICKNESS, PERMANENTLY CURED NO HUM bug by one month's usage of Dr. Gou lard's celebrated Infallible Fit Powders. To convince sufferers that these powders will do all we claim for them we will send them by mail, post paid, a free Trial Box. As Dr. Goulard is the only physian that has ever made this disease a special study, and as to our knowledge thousands have, been perma nently cured by the use of these Powders, we will guarantee a permanent cure in eve ry case, or refund you all money expended. All sufferers should give these Powders an early trial, and be canvinced of their cura tive powers. Price, for large box, S3. 00, or four boxes for 10.00, sent by mail to any part of the United States or Canada, on receipt of price, or by express C. O. D. Address, ASH & ROBBINS, 360 Fulton Street, Brooklyn N. Y. 15:8yl. SETTLE UP. ALL PERSONS INDEBTED TO THE UNDER signed, either for board or meat account, will please come forward and settle immediately as I need the money to enable me to meet mv obligations, and must have it. ''A word to the wise is sufficient. " H. W. VINCENT. Corvallis, Doc. 24, 1878. 15:52M. WOODCOCK & BALDWIN, (Successors to J. R. Bayloy k Co.,) KEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND AT THE old stand, a large and complete stock of Heavy and Shelf Hardware, IRON, STEEL, TOOLS, STOVES, RANGES, Manufactured and Horns Made TIN AND COPPER WAR Pumps, JPipe, etc. A GOOD TINNER constantly on hand, and all Job Work neatly and quickly done. fo Also Agents for Knapp, Burrell fc Co. the sale of the best and latest improved FARM MACHINERY. of all kinds, together with a full assortmen AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS. Sole Agents for the celebrated ST.' LOUIS CHARTER OAK STOVES the BEST IN THE WORLD. Also the Jfor man Range, and many other patterns, in all sizes and styles. , , Particular attention paid to Farmers' wants, and the supplying extras for Farm Ma chinery, and all information as to such articles, furnished cheerfully, on application. No pains wilr be spared to furnish our cus tomers with the best goods in market, in out line, and at lowest prices. Our motto shall bo, prompt and fair dealing with all. Call and examine our stock, before going elsewhere. Satisfaction guaranteed. WOODCOCK & BALDWIN. Corvallis, Jan. 26. 18 . 14:4tf Frosli Grooas AT THE BAZAR FASHION CORVALLIS, - - OREGON. MRS. E. A. KNIGHT HAS JUST RECEIVED FROM SAN and PORT I. A Ti 5). the Largest and Best Stock of MILLINERY GOODS, DRESS TRIMMINGS, ETC., Ever brought to Corvallis, which she will sell at prices that Dfy Competition, Ladies are respectfully invited to call and examine her goods and prices betore pur chasing elsewhere. AGBSCY FOR Mme. DEMOREST'S RELIABLE PATTERNS, ty Rooms at residence, two blocksnorth of Gazette office.. Corvallis, May 2, 1878. 14:lt6f E. HOLGATE, ATTORN E Y AT LAW WILL PRACTICE IN ALL THE COURTS in the State. Having bad four years experience as County Judge, and given close attention tc Probate matters, 1 i m well prepared to attend to all business in that line ; also contested Road Matters. I will give strict und prompt atten tion, to collections, and as heretofore will do a ft TEAL ESTATE, and General Business Agency. Local Agent of Home Mutual Insurance Co. co.sxixirnoNAi Mr. Editor: " Come, let us reason to gether." It may be well for the people to post themselves in regard to the objects and nature of their Magna Charta, and their rights under it. The constitution was not the act of government, but of the people. It precedes the government, and constitutes the people's enabling act, or authority un der which the government exists. It is a law to the government, enacted by the peo ple to peotect them from unjust legislation and oppressive acts that a government or- y.ud mulur it might inflict. AH power xercised over a nation must have some or igin. It must be either delegated or assum ed. There are no other sources. All dele gated powers are sacred trusts, and all as sumed power is usurpation. Neither time nor circumstances alter the nature of either. Government has of itself no rights, they are altogether duties. Absolute sovereignty rested with the people before the constitu tion was adopted. They had the absolute power to make paper money or paper gods. They had the power to do anything within the scope of human possibilities. Their in dependence and national sovereignty were acknowledged by all the powers of the earth. The colonies had all made paper legal tender money before the days of the confed eration, and with it had paid their debts, grown prosperous, developed the country, fought their Indian battles and brought civ ilization out of barbarism and the wilderness. After they had gained their independence, they resolved to establish a government, not to rule over them, but to defend them in the enjoyment of the liberties and natural rights they had wre3ted from the crown. The whole people could not participate directly in legislation, execution, or in adjudication, but they could delegate these duties and powers to representative servants called a government. When they had resolved to delegate administrative powers to a govern eming bpdy they framed a charter or consti tution to govern and guide that body. The objects of the government, and the duties enjoined upon it are clearly set forth in the preamble to the constitution. By this pre amble every ambiguous clause in the instru ment is to be interpreted. It reads as fol lows, nd its meaning is as clear as sunlight: ' ' We, the people of the United . States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution. " That was what the constitution was ordained for. It grants to the government organized under it full power, and makes it its solemn duty to exercise that power to any extent necessary to bring about the specified results. The sovereign power of a nation to estab lish a medium of exchange, and to declare what shall and what shall not be legal ten der within its own jurisdiction is the most important prerogative, and is a right and a privilege that no nation has ever questioned, or dared to dento any other nation. Does the United States possess that right ? If not it being a sovereign right, what other nation or nations or power has deprived our nation of it ? If we have not been deprived of thn power, where does it rest ? The people ie their sovereignty originally possessed it. Did they through the constitution delegate this prerogative to the government ? " To provide for the common defense, and to pro mote the general welfare," is sufficient au thority if there was no other, to warrant the government in the exercise of this pow er at any time when the common defense was in jeopardy, or the general welfare was in peril for lack of legal tendei money in sufficient quantity to provide for the one or to promote the other. aSS-Omce in the rear of Rosenthal's store. Entrance either on Madison street or through the store, Corvallis, Oregon. v!6n28tf. THE STAR BAKERY, MAIN STKfiET, COEVALI.IS, HENRY WARRIOR, PROPRIETOR. FAMILY SBPPlV STORE! GHOCBRIES, DREAD. CAKES i PIES, CANDIES, TOYS, Etc., Always on Hand. Corvallis, Jan. 1 187. 14:2t T) T7 Cj Hp business you can engage in. $5 JDljlioJ. 20 per day made by any worker of either sex, right in their own lo calities. Particulars and samples worth So free. Improve your spare time at this busi ness. Address Stinson & Co., Portland, Maine. lo:12yl AUGUST KNIGHT, CABINET MAKER. RD UNDERTAKER, Cor. Second and Monroe Sts., CORVALLIS, OREGON. KEEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND ALL kinds of FURNITURE. Work done to order on short notice, at rea sonable rates. J. A. KNIGHT. Corvallis Jan. 1, 18 7. 14:ltf The government has the undoubted right to do anything, or exercise any sovereign power of the people, or to accomplish the objects set forth-in the preamble to their charter, unless that instrument specially prohibits it. The power to coin money is specially delegated to Congress, leaving it discretionary with that body to coin it out of such material and in such form as it might deem most conducive tb justice and the pro motion of the general welfare. While the people gave Congress unrestricted authority to coin money out of anything, they re stricted themselves in their state authority to make gold and silver legal tender. The object of this was to avoid a mixed homoge neous currency, which would result from separate state currencies. The only clause in the constitution which the bullionists use as a pretext against the right of the government to issue legal tender paper is clause 1 of section 10, artitle 1, which de clares that no Stats shall make anything- but gold and silver coin a legal tender. If this clause can be so construed as to prohibit Congress from making anything but gold and silver coin a legal tender then Congress cannot even coin money, enter into any treaty, or alliance, or grant letters of marque, for the same clause declares that no State shall do these things. If this clause pro hibits Congress from making anything but gold and silver legal tender, where does it get its authority to make copper, brass and nickel, legal tender? If Congress can make copper, brass and nickel, legal tender, ninety-nine hundredths fiat ; it can make iron. lead and paper, just as welL If the right of Congress to issue legal tender greenbacks under the constitution is doubtful, the peo ple is the only tribunal competent to deter mine its authority. That instrument is of their making, and not of the Supreme Courts. Let the people vote on the questions at the next general election, and give that in terpretationfor to them belongs the right to decide and not to any of their subordi nates. : , W. A. Wells. March 6, 1879. WHOA, JANUARY! Editor Gazette : I was surprised, yes astonished to see Prof. Forester Wilberforce Royal, who has just laid aside his pinefores, rushing into print defending his little school of a half dozen aborigines, over which he presides as pedagogue. But the real object of the Prof, seems to be to show his physic al and intellectual proportions. The young man says a good deal in his epistle of which he knows nothing about. He is like the old blind hoss that ran away and kicked the harness off and then kept on kicking as long as he heard any noise, he seems to think his dignity has been assailed and thus com mences to kick Whoa, January, won't you whoa? This boy, like a young pigeon, is largest when first hatched. He is such a lubberly, gawkish looking fellow that his pupils, not knowing to what order of verte brated animals he belongs, calls him the great American Guyascutis. I have no doubt Mr. Barnum would give a liberal price for him, as he would like to get all kinds of natural curiosities. In an altercation with one of his pupils the young and wiery little Indian took the Prof, by the back of the neck and seat of his breeches and would have pitched him out of the school house and gave him a sound thrashing had nut others interfered and pre vented it. This is one instance of his phys ical strength in controling an Indian. This Prof, is a brilliant boy. He took a calf by the tail and chased it around for several hours, trying to stear the bovine into.thecor ral, not thinking that if he would let go the tail and jgo around to the head he might drive the calf without any trouble. Oh, what a pedagogue ! It appears from this that the Prof, would make a better navigator than a school teacher. A little common sense makes an excellent foundation to build an education upon. Ihis teacher has an easy time. He puts in about two-thirds of his time teaching ca- lesthenics, marching, singing, thumping pa per wads at the dusky maidens, and "issu ing crackers. When cracker time conies, all the old Indians and clutchmen march up to the schoolhouse to get their share of the muck-a-muck in order to keep their tenuat ed forms together until spring opens, when they can scatter out to catch fish and gather roots. It takes a great many crackers, and I verily believe there were eighty boxes. The Great Father at Washingtouwill, after a while, send on another cargo,for it will never do for these fellows to work it might injure their delicate, constitutions (?) This young gentleman, it he could leave his mother long enough to teach a- school, might get one in the country at 25. 00 per month, whereas now he gets .$S00 a year. Go on, young man, you are doing exceedingly well. Hut ro amount of "hide and go seek will disguise the fact the Siletz Reservation is do ing no good and that it is a great leach lying there absorbing the substance of the coun try, without producing anything in return. I would like to have a home in the beau ful Silelz valley, but I did not co so far as to stake olf the most choice part of the land, expecting the reservation would be opened up for settlement, and at the same time pro-. lessing to be a Iriend of the Indians. Yours truly, X. laqumaUay, Feb. 28, 1S79. XEW ORCHARDS. FI.A.TiCE CATECHISM. Wha is a greenback ? " It is an order drawn by the gov ernment on society for the amount .of its face, for anything in the market its holder may desire. Under what obligations is society to hon or these drafts ? ' The government is society's agent and protector. Society is bound to support the government and supply it with everything necessary to enable it to afford such protec tion. The greenback is not only an order on society for the amount of its face, but it is also a voucher, that he who received it had contributed to the government, for the benefit of sficiety, the amount of its face." Should not these orders be redeemed ? "Certainly- they should be; and every time they pass from one hand to another for a consideration equivalent to their par value they are redeemed." , , Should they not be redeemed by the gov ernment tljat issued them ? " Yes, in taxes and anything the govern ment may have to spare for the benefit of society. But should they not be redeemed in gold and silver ? " The government does not create gold and silver. It is a pauper, dependent upon society for everything it posses. When the greenbacks are out in circulation they are the property of society. If society is to re? ceive gold redemption for its greenbacks, it must first produce the eoid at a premium, hand it over to the government, and then.) l i. .4. rvu: ..-.. l a .a : IWOUC II MtlwlY it L JJ.II. J.1U9 ITVU1U W OT losing game all round. " vm, .. Why, then, do our able financiers advo cate the redemption of currency in gold ? "The term 'financier' is erroneously ftp plied to the advocates of coin redemption. 'Speculator' would be better. The intelli gent advocates of coin dedemption are ene mies both to society and the government. They are social and political pirates who tap every channel of trade and enterprise, and thrive on the leakage and loss of society." If greenbacks are ample as a medium of commercial exchange for the needs of labor and enterprise, why are they not for the uses of those "speculators?" " Because greenbacks are beyond the con trol of speculators. They can be supplied in quantities to meet the demands for money. Their volume cannot, like the cold volume, be monopolized and 'cornered'. Without the power to corner there is little chance for speculation. What is legal tender ? "It is a solem compact and agreement by and between all the members of society ex pressed and, recorded by the government, that each shall honor and: receive in pay ment of debts certain tokens, issued by the government on account of society. Indiana Express. Ed, Gazette : In traveling over most of the valley counties, I have closely observed the condition of the old orchards in them. That fatal winter of 1861-2 killed, or placed pn the decline, nearly all the Iruit trees in this valley. Multitudes of them have been dug up and thrown away. Those yet standing are generally moss-covered, and in a dying condition. In consequence of the price of fruit coming down so low- here, and not much demand for it while green, there has been great neglect in nur turing and trimming the old truit trees or setting out others. But this course is wrong. The demand for our dried and can ned fruits is permanent, lasting and remun erative. Our exhibits of such at the centen nial have rendered our fruits world-wide in fame. Thirty years experience in fruit-growing in Western Oregon has certainly taught our peo ple many useful lessons in pomology. Nearly all that nursery-men and fruit-growers here in early times knew, was obtained in fruit books published in the States. Thes3 were made up from data there. But it is a well-known fact that west of the Rocky Mountains the climate, . soils and seasons are very different from those of -the States. Not considering ' this fact, most of fruit growers here selected and cultivated fruit trees according to the system in the East. Hence we found that number one fruit for late keeping, here often turned out second rate fall fruit. Hardy trees there were easily killed here. It is, therefore, only from actual experience here that we can have a sure guide to direct us in selecting fruit trees for new orchards-which are loud ly called for here. . And the mode of culture here must also be determined byjactual experience. High culti vation, manuring and fall plowing of our or chards, should be abandoned. The tender young growth of the trees, if highly stimu lated, is liable to be killed by our coid snaps in winter. I have observed that every where I have been, fruit trees planted out on low, wet lands especially white lands have nearly all died out. It is suggested that all of our fruit trees, not injured on their trunks, can be restored by cutting off near ly all the tops of them. This may succeed in some cases, but it would be far better to dig up all the old fruit trees and use the land for grain or grasses. Never should new orchards be planned out on the same land where old orchards have grown. The small rootlets of old trees run under the ground, as feeders, for twenty or thirty feet each way. These have taken up the tree food, and the proper elements that go to make up wood and fruit are pearly ex hausted. When I set out a large orchard, in 1853 to '58, I planted out twenty-four varieties of apple, and a dozen varieties of plum and pear trees. If I had the same to perform now, I should plant out about nine varieties, all told, of apple, and four of plum and five of pear. The era of fruit growing here is at hand. The fruit dryers of Plummer and one or two others, have opened up to our people a new, a sure source of wealth. And it is well known that our canned sweet -' i i. , Li corn, our delicious piunis, oiacKoernes, raspberries and strawberries are in great de mand in outer ports.; This is a profitable and sure business for our people. I he preparation of the land for orchards, kinds of trees and mode of culture can be known from our nursery-men; but in no case should fruit trees be planted on white or. low, wet lands. ' It is to be hoped that our people will never again buy fruit trees of tree ped dlers, nor trees from the States that are not acclimated here. Our nursery-men here are honorable, responsible persons, and sell trees true to the labels upon them, and we should encourage home trade and home industry. Rotation in crops, and a more va ried product of our articles for commerce, are loudly called for. Our favored country has varied resources of wealth besides wheat. Good economy would point out a rota tion in crops. Oavid Newsome. Corvallis, February, lb'J. " Morley's I.'tcr work. from New from our regular correspondent. New York, Feb. 20, 1879. THAT JANUARY THAW.; Were you ever in New York during a January thaw ? If so, Bob Iugersull could never convince you that there is no such place as hell ! Three weeks ago buow lay a foot deep on street and sidewalk. The side walk owners and horse-car companies piled it three to five feet high along the curbs For three weeks no street cleaning was done and the conglomerated nastiness of a great city was swept from store, hallway and eel lar, straight into those snowbanks. "Snow banks ! " In color and appearance they were muck heaps, containing mud, garbage, ashes, sweepings street refuse but I spare yon! Well, for a week the sun poured warmly on these heaps of solidified pesti lence ; the heaps choked the gutters, the gutters' choked the sewers, and a million feet carried each its quota ot tilth from street to sidewalk, till I venture little in saying that if any modern pigsty had a floor as fil thy as our sidewalks were, Henry Bergh would be after its proprietor for cruelty to animals. V- What wonder that Diphtheria and" the Scarlet Fiend should float on such a filth- laden air, and brood over a thousand anx ions homes till ministers offer special pray ers in the cnurcnes ior tne lives oi nine victims? . THE UNDERSIDE OF A BIO CITY. Talmage took a detective apd went to the dance-house3 ; I didn't. I took a' man having the entree of the gambling dens, and saw that strange passion at white heat in the early morning. I had seen gambling hells in Mexico, where the horrible spell sat like a nightmare on its victims, and as one eazed on the rigid lips and glaring eyes he ceased to wonder at bloody deeds . in gambling houses. We went from the elegant, Wil-, ton-carpeted Broadway parlor, with, free supper tables and wine hampers, down to the low dive where black and white, of all tongue3, play poker all night. Nothing was so surprising a3 the number of nice-looking old gentlemen, venerable enough for Sunday School superintendents, that frequented the " higher" houses. They play coolly, whining or losing usually losing. One party, ap parently young clerks, came in, sat down with some spruce " whippers in," and m' twenty minutes walked out, every man of them " dead broke." Pity the poor, fools half knaves, half fools ; hungry for money they had not earned, and too idiotic to see that those hot suppers and eostly w-ines must finally come out of their own pockets. Faro is not a game; it is a contribution. The player contributes eventually to the banker's, wealth just as certainly as the bull in a Spanish bull-tight dies-both are fore-ordained. The shortest possible cut to pover ty lies straight across the green cloth, and any young man choosing to travel that way had better understand that at the outset. A COirJlERCIAL REVOLUTION, Twenty years ago canned goods were found oidy in a few of the principal stores in the larger cities ; now, no cros3-road gro cer's stock is considered complete withot an assortment ot them, Ihis revolution is mainly due to the great grocery house of Timrber & Co., of this city, who own many canning factories, and do a business stated in a recent publication to exceed that of any. four houses of that line in the world. Real izing that confide ace must lie at the base of a trade in sealed packages, they placed a guarantee on their goods, and authorized retailers to refund the price whenever the purchaser of goods hearing their name had cause for dissatisfaction. Dealers and con sumers were quick to see their interests just here, and this doubtless accounts largely for the popularity of canned goods tearing the name of Timrber. We must not overlook the labeling of these packetgoo.ls, which has become a great industry, and employs some of the finest tal ent in this country. A constant improvement goes on here, too, and Mary's " little lamb," and a host of other la,lx;ls recently designed by the Forbos Lithographic Company, of Boston, are positively meritorious chromos. Iheodore lutnn, in ' lenipest iossed, let imagination run vild anioivj vast stores of canned foods, but what was a dream to his mariners is a living reality to-day. The briny suggestions of ' Tempest Tossed " re call those nautical Hues of Hood's : " A sea horse is a sea hor.e When you see him on the sea ; ) Bnt when you see him on the bay A bay horse then is he. " But did you ever see the saw manufacrured by an abandondoned Yankee whose name is yet unknown to infamy ? " A hen hawk is a hen hawk When you know it is a she ; But when you know it is a male A Tommy-hawk is he ! " But neither tempests nor tomahawks shall prevent us from finishing our cursory say on the commercial aspect of this industry. In 1877, wo exported S'J.OOO.OOO ot canned foods. Perishable products are utilized and saved ; fresh fruits and vegetables are ; brought within reach throughout the year ; the seven fat kine are literally saved for the seven lean kine to feed upon, and it is esti mated that these modest little tin cans are annually saving 50,000.000 of surplus food products that otherwise would have been lef c to perish. This is a commercial revolu tion worth having ! MORLEY. A Delicious Flower. The well-known fragrant garden favorite, the sweet'Scented or lemon 'erbena, seems to have other qual ities to recommend it than those of fragrance, for which it is usually cultivated, lhe au thor of a recent work, entitled "Among the Spanish People," describes it as being. systematically gathered in hpam, where it is regdd as a fine stomachic and cordial. It is either used in the form of a cold de coction, sweetened, or five or six leaves are put into a teacup and hot tea poured upon them. . The author says that , the flavor at, the tea thus prepared "is simply delicious, aud no one who has drank his Pekoe with it will ever again drink it without a sprig of lemon verbena." And he further states that if this iS used one need ' ' never suffer from flatulence, never be nervous or old maidish, never have cholera, diarraho3a or loss of appetite." t is said that m London it is not a very uncommon thing to find yourself riding in a handsome cab driven by a broken-down lawyer, a retired doctor, or even a played out lord.. A part of this story will d o for the marines only. Nobody else could be made to believe that an English lord, or any other sort of lord, no matter how thor oughly, played-out he might be, would rather drive a cab for. a living than marry an Amer ican heiress with an annual income of half a, million, knowing how marvelously easy it ia for him to do so. When a girl's lover calls on her in the evening she is all smiles, and looks as intel ligent as an Egyptian mummy ; but let that same young man call around Monday morn ing when she is at the wash-tub, and she will hide in the closet or crawl under the stove, and when discovered be as frigid as a Greenland icicle. The "intelligent compositor" is abroad in Missouri. The "Warrens burg Journal asks the reader, " in, translating last week's issne," for " pillows of light,' to read "pillars, ot light; for "Longhorn and New syrup," read "Lawhon, and New son; for "drunk and dressed up," read "dreary and desolate, etc. When last seen the compositor Was ten miles from tbe Black' Hills ana still running. A woven book has been manufac tured at Lyons, the whole of the let ter press being executed in silken thread. Portraits, versei? and brief addresses have often been reproduced by the loom, but an entire volumo trom the weaver's hand is a novelty.