Cite Corballis (Baicttt. V PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING- BY Editok and Proprietor. TERM S: (COIN.) Per Year, : s Six Months, : : Three Mouths, i INVARIABLY IK ADVANCE. RATES OP ADVERTISING. I U, 3 M. ftu i lT,- I Inch la 3 00 I 6 up j 8 00 I 12 oA ?U! ! 3 00 1 6UJ j 7 UP i 12 OJ ITUO L-l ! s0 1 i ipoo i ,6oo i 99 an 1 " ! : Ljjgj jEjjjjj 'w ' V Col. I BOO ; 9M) ; loo -.0 cTTlTa " ! 7:0 I gjjjj i law 35 00 i 4Bf,ft i " i S 00 ! 25 00 j 40 00 60 CO 1 " 15 0Oig0O0j4O0O j COOP lOPCO $3 SO 1 SO i oo VOL. XYI. CORVALLIS, FRIDAY, JANUARY, 31, 1879. NO. 5. Notices in Lota! Column, 20 cents per line, each in st-rtioii. Transient advertisements, ncr sanare of 19 i;. . Nonpareil measure, s2 r9 for first, and $1 for each sub sequent insertion m ADVA as. Lecral advertisements charged as transient, and must be jiaid for upon expiration. Nocharge for pub lisher s alhdavit of publication. Yearly advertisements on liberal terms. Profes sional Cards, (I 5quare) -12 per annum. All notices and advertisements intended for publication should be 1 1. 1 1 3 1 t ay n I 1 .V : I l :s U. F. A. CHENQWETH, -A.ttorri.ey at Law, C0RVALLI3, - - OREGON. OFFICE Comer of Monroa and 2d St. 16:ltf J. W. RAYBlMT .A.ttorney at Law, CORVALLI3, .... OREGON. OFFIC3 On HonroD street, bet. Second and Third. R. H. WARREN, HOUSE, S13N AND CARRIA3E PAINTERS, WILL PROMPTLY ATTEND TO BUSINESS IN ftufl line either at Corvallis or l'i;iiou:ath, All work executed in the very latest and best htyle umiuiu n . in i. a.iiut. uaK ana Maple. Paper Hanging neatly dune. Give me a fair trial, 15:3fctf. WOODCOCK & BALDWIN, K ROBERT N. BAKER, F 3l,Sp2'jial attention given to the Collection or KOJ'ri AND A0CO4T5T& 10:ltf. JA.IS A. YANTIS, Att'j and Coun elor at Law, CORVALLIS, OREGON. JRMERLY OF ALBANY, WHERE HE HAS triven his patrons perfect satisfaction, has deter mined to locate in Corvallis, where he hopes to be fa vo -ed wi'h a fair share of the public patronage. All work warranted, when made under his supervision. He lairing and cleaning-, promptly attended to, Cor.allii. Nov. 23. Ifc73. Jf.:"43tf. Grain Storage! A WORD T0 FARMERS. WILL PRACTICE IN ALL THE COURTS OF thj State. S;i;.-ial attention given tj matters In Probate. CV.lcjtions will receive pro:np; and care ful attention. G.tice in the Court House. Khltf. J. C. MORE L AND, (city attorney,) ATTORNEY AT LAW. PORTLAND, GRECCK. OFFICE Monastes' Brick. First street, let. Morrison sad Yamhill. 14:3Sff GTATVMSTNIEfi M. D., Graduate of Bellcvcc Hospital SIcdical Col lege, R. Y. C.ty, PHYSICIAN km SURGEON, PHILOMATH, OREGON. DT3ZASSS OF WOMIiN A SPECIALTY. RES1 de:i:j in WjjtU'.te.s Bui'ding, corner of First and Lyoa strjetj. 13.32tj. DR. F. A. VSNOrNT, DENTIST CORVALLIS, 9 OREGON. OFFICE in Tisher.s New 3riek over Max. Frieniiy's Maw Store. All the ,-latjst i!npro.'e.".ients, Kverything new and complete. All work warrant ed. Please give meacall. IS ML AilSS DUAKL. WILLIAM OtlSI DilAKE & GRANT. MERCHANT TAILORS, CORVALLIS, - - - OREGON'. ALL WORK IN OUR LINE NEATLY AND promptly executed. U-.ma.rmg and Cleaning a specialty, riatisattion guai-luteed. Siiop op,Oiite Oraha ii i Hamilton's. 13 ,27tf G. R. FAHHA, iVl. D., PHYSICIAN, SiRSEONAND OBSTETRCIA.i o FFICE OVER .GRAHAM & HAMILTON'S Dru Store, Conu.lid, Oregon. I4:2"yl NEW TIN SHOP, J. K. WEBBER, Propr., M!ain St., Corvallis-. STOVZ3 AND TINWARE, ALL KINDS. 15TA11 work warranted and at reduced rates. 12:I3tf H. E. HARRIS, One Door South of Oraham & Hamilton's. C03VA2.I.3S - - - OXEGOIV Groceries, Provisions, AND DRY-GOODS. CorVallU, Jan. S, 187S. 13:lyl. J. BLUMBERCx. (Bzt. Southers' Drug Store and Taylor's Market,) CBRYALLIS, - OREGON. GROCERIES and PROVISIONS, FURNISHING Gaols, Cigars and Tobacco, etc., etc. VS. Good d-rlivered free to any part of the city. Produce taken, at highest ...arket rates, in exchange for goo Is. March 7, 1S7S 15:10tf W. C. CRAWFORD, DEALER IN .... WATCHES, OXi OCK S! JEWELRY, SPECTACLES, SIVER VARE, ETC Also, MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, STRINGS, &C. K?F Repairing done at the most reasonable rates, and all work warranted. Corvallis, Dec. 13. 1877. 14-5Ctf HA VINO PURCHASED THE COMMODIOUS Warehouse of Ues&rs, King & Bell, and thor ou ily overhauled the same, 1 am now ready to re ceive grtt in on storage at the roJuced Rate oJ -4 cents per 5u:Eael. I am aLo prepared to keep EXTRA, WHITE WHEAT, separate from other lots, thereby enabling me to 8ILL AT A PREMIUM. Also prepared to pay the f-r wheat, and would, most respectfully, solicit a share of public patronage. THOS. J. BLAIR. Corvallis. Au;'. 1, 187d. 15:a2tf. . 0 ARB and LODGING. Neat Rooms ;nul Splendid Table. OUR CORRESPONDENT ON' YESTERDAY WAS shown the Keaily Furiilaiictl Ilooins OF .MRS JOSEPH POLLY. At tbeir residence, iue;t opnosite the raidence of Jnxnre V. A. Cnenoweth prepared and now in readiness tar ancn. X oardera as may choose to give her a call, cither by the eimrle meal or by the week. Mr.. FoHy has a reputation as a cok, and sots as good a!tatle as can bo found in the State. bolieru a scare or oatronav-e. lo:4Qtt. (Successors to J. R. Baylcy fc Co.,) EEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND AT Tilt old stand, a largo and complete stock of ft B EMPIRE MARKE JOHN S. BAKER, Propr. CORVALLIS, - - - OREGON. HAVING UOUGIIT THE ABOVE MARKET and fixture, und perm incntly located in Curraltie, I will keep constantly ou hand the choiceKt cutz! of IlEE. PORK. MUTTON, and VEAL. Especial attention to making extra BO LOGNA SAUSAGE. Being a practical butcher, with l irge experi ence in the business", I (l itter uiysMf that 1 can trivc satiftnethtn to customers Please call and give men trial. JOHNS BAKKK. Dec. 8th, IS7S. 15:iytf Heavy and Shelf Hardware, (RQNj STEEL, TOOLS, ST0ES, RANGES, Manufactured aiul Iloms Made TIN AND COPPER WAJRM, IPvimps, IPipe, etc. A GOOD TINNER constantly on hand, and all Job Work neatly and quickly done. Also Agents for Knapp, Btirrtll fc Ce., fo the sale of the best and latest improved FARM MACHINERY, of all kinds, together with a full afsortmen AG IC OL J UK A L I ii I'LEM LN T S . Sole Agents for the celebrated ST. LQ'JIS CHARTER OAK STOVES the BEST IN THE WORLD. Also the Nor man Range, and manv other patterns, in all sizes and styles. 3Wr Particular attention paid to Farmers' wants, and the suppliti;r extras for Farm Ma chinery, and all information as to Siich articles, furni.-hed. cheerfully, on application. No pains will be spared to furni.-h our cus t"mcrs with the host goods in market, in ouj line, and at lowest prices. Our motto shall be. prompt and fair dcalirf with all. Call and examine our st ek , hcfori going elsewhere Satisfaction guaranteed. WOODCOCK t BALDWIN. Corvallis. Jan. 2fi. 18 . 14:ltf AT THE AST 0 1ST E S EC I NG CU RES Of Xorvcus Debility, Iwt Munhnod, Farnlysis, ExhfiUKtcd Vitality, Im paired memory, Mental ifiscascs, WcaknesK of Kepreduetlto Org-aiiis, etc., etc.. By the Great English Remedy, SIR A3TLEY COOPER'S VITAL RESTORATIVE IT ssstjass n:-:.vaiSG and strengthens the Eyj;i;;it. It not a QUACK NOSTRUM. Itf efegi j are nr nanent. It has no equal. It is neither a STIMULANT NOB KXC1TANT, but it wiil d,o the work t$omaettj went DIE. WlWfiiA & CO'U jfrjat success in the above cottuaint U largely due to the uo of tiiis wonderful Medicine, Pries 8 00 per bottle, or fonr times the quantity for $10 sent secure from observation uton ItKCKH'T OK K&ICK. MfSC genuine without the signature of the propri etor, A. E. Ml.N'TIE, M. 1. Piivsieiana say these troubles cannot bo cured. .The VITAL RSTO&ATlV and Dr. Mintie & Co's Special Treat neat teitify joiit:vely that they can. Thorough examination and advice, including analy sis, so 00. Address It. 1. A . WlifTIJB, ITI. !.. (Gradnase of Uuivcrjity of Pcnn-ylvan'.a, and late Raatdent dnrg joii, urthapxdic Hospital, 1'niladel phia. 0;3ce Honrj 10 A. M. to 2 P. M. daily ; G to 8 ev enings. Sundays, 11 A M. to 1 P. M. only. 15;32mG. TEL ;0 GREATEST Kidney and Bladder Medicine! mmm nipiiiwii For Inflammation of the Kidneys or Bladder, Pain in the Hack, i.abjte, brignt's. Disease, etc. THY IT ! One bottle will convince you of its Great Merit. Ask your Drnggst for it and take no other. Everybody wno uses it recommends it. flri'e 5jtl SS per Bottle. Tobs had of all Druggists, or of the Proprietor, at 11 Kearny Street, San Francisco, California. ENGLISH DANDELION PILLS! THE ONLY two medicines which really act upon the LdVfclt, one is Mercury or Blue Pill, and theolner DANUHtlON. THOUSANDS of Conititutions hive been destroy ed by Mercury or lilue Pill, and Calomel. The only SAF Uemedy is DA, MINTXe.'S Dandelion Co.ubina tion, which is purely - . VEGETABLE, wliich acts gently upon the laver and removes all ob structions. Pr;ce per box, 25 cents. To be had of all Druggists. All letters should he directed to, and special treat ment given, at No. 11 Kearney St. San Francisco, July H, 1S7S. . 15 32m6. FRUIT TREES AND SEEDS! READ, AND PROFIT THEREBY! WARREN N. DAVIS, Physician and Surgeon, (Graduate of the University of Pennsylvania) OFFERS HIS SERVICES TO THE PEO pie of Corvallis and Vicinity. Specialties: Surgery. Obstetric, and Dieaees of Women and Children. Will practice In Citv of Country. Rooms at Mew .England Hotel, for the present. Corvallis, Nov. 15, 1878. 15:46tf. The Coast HillsHursery rFFER A FINE AND CAREFULLY GROWN J stock of FRUIT AND NUT TREES to suit the times. .Also an assortment of Gnrtleii Seeds. All our seeds aie carefully tested. Seeds in packets sent by mail, post-jiaid. on receipt of price, 10 cents. A few varfeties choice Flcvcr Seeds at the same price. V sTtnblf Plants and Flowers for sale in the Sprinjr- Orders by mail will receive prompt attention. Aaaress ED. C. PHELPS, Manager, Newport, Benton County, ' 'regjon. Dec. 20, 1978. 15:7tn4. SETTLE UP. ALL PERSONS KNO "UNO THEMSELVES indebted to the late firm or B. T. Taylor A Co., are hereby notified to come forward and settle said indebtedness immediately and save costs, asonr business mast be closed up. B. T. TAYLOR A CO. Corvallis 13, 1878. 15:46tf. Oil GORVALLtS, - GREG6??. MRS. E. A. KNIGHT HAS JUST RECEIVED FROM IS AM FBAAi'lMV, and fi'Olfe'i'- I. A H 1, the La ryes t and Best Stock of ftULUNERY GOODS, DRESS TRcMMtNSSj ETC., Ever brought t. Corvallis, which she will sell at prices that Defy Competition. Ladies are respectfully invited to call and fxnniine her goods and prices before pur chasing elsewhere. AOKNCV FOR Mme. DEMOB EST'S RELIABLE PATTERNS. Room at residence, two blocksnorth o( Gazkttk offire.gjj Corvallis, May 2. 1878. 14:llCf E . H OLCATE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. W'lLL PRACTICE IN ALL THE COURTS in the Ptste. Having hinl f.ur yenra experience hp County fitilge ami girca clo-e ntttntion lc Pfobt tatter, I i in well prepared to attend to ull hwnwil in tint line ; also contested Ko4 Maitcrt. I will f(We strict un'd jirtnnpt attn (iuu tu cullcetions, and as herctolore wili du a HEAL ESTATE, and General Business Agency. Local A trent of Home Mutual Insurance Co. 3S0flicc up-stairs in Fisher's new brick, miilille ro"in, with .luilte Burnett. Entrance at rear end ol buiMing on Monroe Street. loii28tf. THE STAR BAKERY, MAIN 6TKEET, COKVAIX18 HENRY WARRIOR, PROPRIETOR. F.H1ILV SljTm STORE! Gr ROOERI3ES, DREAD. CARES, PIES, CANCIES, TOYS, Etc., Always on Hand. Corvallis, Jan. 1 1877. 14:2t T) T? CJTt hnsincs3 you can engage in. $5 15 LiJ X S20 per day made by any worker of either sex, right in their own lo calities. Particulars and samples worth ?5 free. Improve your spare time at this busi ness. Address Stinsos & Co., Portland, Maine.. 15:12yl AUGUST KNIGHT, CABINET MAKER. UNDERTAKER , Cor. Second and Jlonroe Si.., CORVALLIS, OREGON. KEErS CONSTANTLY ON HAND ALL kinds of Work done to order on short notice, at rea sonable rates. J. A- KNIGHT. Corrallis Jan. 1, 18 7. 14:ltf Work anil Win. Up ! awaken from slumber ! There is work for you to do ; Would you plod along life's pathway With no belter aim in view Than your silly, saltish pleasures ? If another's way is dark, Shed some sunlight o'er his pathway Lend a hand to steer his bark. Each one has his work appointed Has some field to labor in. While ambition points us upward To the motto, " Work and win." Do not think yourself tiegiaded We Lave our respective spheres ; All can not be doctors, lawyers, Merchants, ministers, or peers. Every person has his station Has some duty bo perform, Which, if nobly done, is worthy (Jf the liigest honors worn ; Let us live, then truly, nobly, And in life's incessant din Have some aim for which to labor, With the motto, " Work and win." There are thorny paths before us . Paths that other fdfet have trod, Until, wearied with life's burden, They are laid beneath the sod. We must ail toil up the hillside Up w here bravest Bori's have beetle Never faltering, always striving, With the will to work and win. I mil THIS. A Tale of Everyday Life. THE THIRD. There was to be a juvenile ball at 25, Da by Crescent a Twelfth Night ball and the tiny king of the festival was to be tiie l al yson of Maurice CapeL He had mar ried the woman of his mother's choice soon Otter lietta was driven rom the house, and it was in honor of the birth of another A.'aurice Capel that his grandsire proposed to threw open his doors to the youthful members of his lady's large circle of ac quaintances. The Misses Capel had ordered new dress es of ther own fancying from a fashionable modiste, and it was their whim that their skirts should be -trimmed with scarlet flow ers of a most expensive description. Ma At me declared that she should Lave to send expressly to Paris, but-this was false, her best flowers being made by a young girl whose taste in grouping them and blending the colors was exquidie. Strict injunctions were given to the florist to have the garni tures reaily 1 y a ceitain hour, : nd to expe dite her progress, she was told why they' were wanted end by whom they would be worn. More than once a ter .fell upon them .as she sat in the poorly-furnished sitting roofii of her faithful friend for Hetta Capel slill 1 ived the cousins who had discarded her. Did they ever think ot her now ? What would thev sav if thev hew that ifc was she who had devised the wreaths and bouquets with which they would adorn themselves ? " Have ye nearly done, Miss lieta, darl ing?" asked old Nanny, who was sitting with her bonnet and shawl on readv to take home the word as soon as it was completed. ' That's we'd ; but its a shame that you should have made them for somebody else instead of y ur own pretty self ; you don't have a single pleasure in life you that once had so many ! Dear heart ! when I think of the Christinas and New Year's presents that used to be sent to you but that minds me, Miss Hetta, dear, that you're sot quite for gotten. rlhe old apple woman Biddy, came to the door this morning and popped this parcel into my hrn ls. You'll open it before you go out, won't yon ? " Hetta smiled, hesitated, and then cut the string (if the parcel. Ah, the doctor knew precisely what she most needed at this in clement season. A set of furs, not very costly, but well chosen, and a soft, warm crimson scarf, to wrap around her slender throat ; how it cheered her to find that one friend thought kindly of her still ! 1 d dearly like to know who sends these i jarccls, Miss Hetta," said Nanny. "I used j to think it must be Mr. Maurice, till we i heard that lie was married. But Biddy's as close as wax ; n 't a word will she say, coax i her as much as I will." " There's warmer, truer hearts, thank heaven, than Maurice Capel's," sighed Het ta ; " and if I were rich, Nanny, I would soon devise some way of proving my grati tude to the one generoas friend who never forgets me ; but, alas ! work Lard as I win, we can barely live." " Th; t's because I've got such an unfortu nate appetite ! " lamented Nanny. " If I could but do without eating I Now, don't ye laugh, Miss Hetta, just as I'm so misera ble, and there's fiotstep3 coming up tiie stairs. It's never the landlord for the rent and we not ready for him '. " Silently, Hetta. dipped her hand into the woman's and they stood together, listening, till the steps paused at their door. It openend. Mr. and Mrs. Capel appeared, and, with a joyous cry, their niece bounded towards thm. Had they discovered her in nocence, and hastened thither to express their regret? But, no; they waved her aside to make room for a gray-haired stran ger. 'Vomterot wonders , it was uie la ther she hn.d so long mourned as dead ! He had been saved by an Indian Begum, who hail not only nursed him back to health, but had given him a high post in her own court, reluctantly consenting at last to his returning to his native land, where he had just arrived, enriched by her costly pres ents. " My child," he said, mournfully, as Het ta flew to him, " my joy at beholding you once more is marred by the tidinus that you have disgraced yourself. Can this be true ? " Hetta wrung her hands and looked from one to the other. To tell all now would sound as if she sought to avenge herself on those who had so hastily condemned her ; to remain silent would be to lose her father's affection forever. But while she hesitated, Mrs. Capel in terposed. " It is evident that . Hetta is obstinately determined not to confess, but you shall have proofs of her guilt. The fellow for whom she forfeited our esteem is frequently seen lurking about the neighborhood. A message purporting to come from this unwor thy girl, has been conveyed to him, and he will be here directly." " Ah ! madam, what have you done?" gaspea netta. " My duty ! " was the exultiag reply, for Mrs. Capel, in her anxiety to prove that he had acted rightly, was pitiless. " We will bring you face to face with your secret lover and nis nrst words when you meet will, doubtless, connrm all I nave averred. There was a tap at the door, and Leonard now tall, robust, all traces of his early trials ell'aeed ; a man, in fact, whom they might ignore, but could not despise came in. The sight of Hetta's relations surprised, but did not abash him, and when Mrs. Capel tauntingly told hiin why he had been lured there, his eyes hashed as proudly as her own. " Sweet cousin," he said, respectfully, taking the hand of Hetta, " I can be silent no longer. While I was ignorant of your reasons for leaving your uncle's house. I kept my promise ; but, now, those who have dared to denb. you, must know all." " Dared ! " echoed Mr. Capel angrily. " Dared, did you say and to tue ? " "Yes, sir?" answered Len, confronting him, undauntedly. " Your looks ask who I am. Let me tell you what you would have learned long since, but for the entreat ies of your niece j I am the lawfully born son of your elder brother ! " "Impossible!" murmured Mr. Capel, growing very pale, however ; and Hetta's lather repeated the word. Leonard smiled ; and that smile of con scious power carried conviction to his kins men. . " An angel pleaded with me when I would have claimed my inheritance and, for her sake, I vowed to let you and yours retain it. But I little thought that you would requite her as you have done ! " he added indignantly, " and, if she bids me re venge her, I am ready." "No," said Hetta, softly. "I prefer to forget everything but the days when my uncle ami aunt treated me as if I were their own child.' " I thought this would be your decision," Leonard exclaimed ; " but, if you are so generous to those who have persecuted you, will you not be equally so to me, whose re spect, whose affection have never wavered ? Hetta, i is true I have hovered uer.r your dwelling, for I have not been able to deny myself the pleasure of watching over your safety, and supplying you witli such few comforts as my own scanty, means enabled me to procure. I dared not come . to you and say, ' Let me shield and defend you al ways,' for I was too poor ; but. now, t hat the good doctor who has treated me as a sen, has promised me a lucrative situation in Australia, ' Hetta, best and dearest, will you be mine ? will you let me teach you in another land to forget the sorrows you have endured here ' " " Ah, papa, how ara I to answer him ? " faltered Hetta, biding her face on the shoul der of her father. " Give me your hand, Leonard, he ex- : the image or your ta it you may possess all I his mistakes ? If my s you, I will not oppose :r.U3t not carry her off lot your romance be ' oroth-1iauiice Capel, ttte justice relumed to the cleaa must be done to their son. Leonard must take his rightful place in the house of Capel. 1 am wealthy enough to promise that nei ther you nor yours shad suffer by this con cession. So Len no longer the outcast, but flat tered, honored, looked up to now for the third time ascended those steps on which he claimed. '"Y ther ; Cod grant his virtues, and a child thinks she I your suit, only y to Australia, lit stronger than yot-.r common-sense. or ! ' he added, addressing Mr. had once sat shivering ascended them with his bride upon his arm for the wedding breakfast was given in sumptuous style at I'o. 25 Dal by Crescent ; anil everyone look ed satisfied Lnt Maurice CapeL His rich wife had turned out a shrew, whose for tune, after all, was smaller than he would have had with Hetta, the little cousin, who. as she leaned on the arm of her smiling bridegroom, was pronounced, b- all, the fairest, even as she was th happiest, bride of the season. Soah's Sunday Tims. Conc'uded. Wlay lie CJsivc Xliviu Up. Little folks generally like to run and meet father at night when he returns from his day's work, either at the oiriee,. store or shop, don't they ? Thy father likes to have them as well. Roger Craigh did, any way, and when his little " Po ly (as he called her), ran out to tiie gate he would catch her up and give her a kiss, and then toss her up in the air and then run into the house with her on Ins back, And oh, what a good time they had after tea she on his lap, prattling in child ish fashion, ahd he listening or telling his famous stories. . One night she met him as usual, but when te i was over she did not climb up on his lap, but ran off after her mother into the krtiheu. " Where's my Polly? "he cried. "Pol ly, I've a nice new fatory to-night." But no Polly came. "Co to your fatUer, child," sr.id the mother. " No, I don't want to," said the little one, and buist out crying, for the new story was a temptation. "lint why?" urged the mother. I thought you liked papa's lap so well ? " " Yes," said the child ; "but to-night his breH" don't smell good." " Did yon near that, Roger?" said the wife, whose glance at his flushed face told her the true cause of Polly's dislike. " Yes, Mary," said he, " and it shall nev er be said agun. I only stopped a moment with John Moore, who begged me to have; a glass of something for old time's sake, and then a cigar afterwards. I'll give them all up forever rather than lose roily s kisses. If she shuns me now what wiil she do in the years to cine ? No, no 1 I want her love and respect more than all the liquor3 and ci gars in creation. That father's love was worth something. He was not afraid to give his reasons, ei ther, for declining to drink when urged by others, by replying: "No, no ! I've ot a little girl at home who would kno ,v it ; and: mites, I don t think it s good for us, any way. I say a clean mouth and a pure breath for kis3es for wife and baby. " I am glad to say he won some over to his way of thinking. "0L M., in Youth's Temperance Banucr. A gentleman is a rarer thing than some of us think for. Which of us can point out many sucti in ins circle men whose aims are generous, whose truth is constant and elevated, who can look the world honestly m tne iace witn an equal, manly sympathy for the great and the small? We all know a nunareu wnose coats are .well made, and a score who have excellent manners, but. of gentlemen, how many? Let us take a little scrap of paper, and each make his list. Thackary. . -c- The English language is wonerful for its aptness of expression. When a number of men and women get tozether and look at each other from the opposite sides of a room that's called a sociable. When a hungry crowd call upon a poor minister and eat him out of house and home that's called a do nation party. Ol R AI.AnE.l LETTEIC. Editor Gazette: Perhaps a few lines from this part of tiie world may not be un acceptable to you and some of our readers. First, let me congratulate the Gazktte on its becoming a full grown newspaper, and let me contribute my mite towards its fu ture success in the way of another year's subscription, which I herewith enclose. Secondly, let me say a word about my self. At prese it I am under a cloud, and there appears to be a fatality attending mo. I was preparing for a voyage to the South Paeific in search of Pearls and Pearl Shells, when I met with an accident in the way of a fracture of the knee joint. However, timsrand good attendance brought me out; i not ju3t possib!y be true) a after ten weeks 1 was ready again to renew sfcveuth d a(lve!ltist claim that we i an alarmist, but it would really seem as t'.ongh we were on the eve of great events. When we consider what has taken placa within the past year or two and is yet taking place, we can hardly treat the sub ject lightly. Earthquake.?, and Tidal waves in South America; great tidal waves and famine in India ; famine in China; violent hurricanes through the Eastern States, to gether with the great heat of last summer, which killed hundreds of people ; yellow fe ver in the South, now followed by extreme cold such as was never known before ; the plague in Russia, all seems to indicate that Old Mother Earth's system is terribly out of order, and may indicate her speedy demise, i ana cause a person to wonder at tiine.3 it is as the i sc-vuiita day adventi.-;t claim mat we are in my eiTort, and began making arrangements the ,Mt daya( hl ft very near the end. for voyage. But on my very first attempt j , (: T lt - , , ;t tW it high time 1 was to the end of my letter. to do anything in that direition 1 was vis ited with a second fracture, and thus again prevented from going. And. now J am half inclined tob2liee this was all necessary, and I am almost converted to the doctrine of Fatalism, for it seems that plan and ar range as we may we are yet all actors in tlio great drama of life, and it would seem that our parts are all prepared for us and at the proper time we wili be in the proper place to perform our part ; and the question is can we help it ? But while I am performing the character of invalid, I have plenty of time to glance around me and think. First, then the common topic upon which all express an opinion" the weather." We ; re passing through a season such as California has never known, and it is to be hoped may never know another. I think it may be fairly expressed a California' glory and Calif or na s ruin. Here we within a day or two of midwinter and only three inches of rain. One continuous and monotonous succession of clear sunshiny days. The finest day that you ever sa w in Oregon in mid-summer could not surpass this day while I am writing. But it brings anything but sunshine to the people gener ally. First, it brings sickness and death to many a home ; next it ' brings the promise of a failure of crops, which means poverty and want $o many more homes ; and to sum it all up, and admit the truth, California is not prosperous. You people in Oregon may be thankful that among your misfortunes you have not zo enumerate the one curse of too much fine weather. I have siid before, reluctantly, what I am willing to say now freely and candidly, that Oregon is far the best and safest country for poor men to set tle in. The next gloomy cloud that comes up for California is one that unfortunately threat ens Oregon, also. Like the little cloud that appears in the horizon, and grows darker and rise3 higher until it obscures the s:tn, and foretells 'unmistakably of the coining storm ; so this cloud, " Chinese emigration," is looming up, and the person must be blind indeed who cannot read "the hand writing! on the wall." Must be deaf indeed, who can not hear the muttering of the mighty hidden forces that are soon to break loose. The press of the State is only beginning to give utterance to public opinion, and already its tones are ominous, not merely hinting at a resort to arms, but openly declaring the fact. Now will it come to this ? For my self I will say that I have always been op posed to mob-violence and brute-force in every way. But I can not shut my eyes to plain facts, and I candidly believe that this Chinese question will end in blood. It is a cancer that has taken root so firmly and deeply thai the knife is the only remedy that will bring about a cure. I do not say that I favor this as being the best plan, but to me it seems inevitable. My reasons for thinking so are, that congress will not take hold of the matter until some terrible out break occurs. The people of the older States (the Eastern particularly) are educat ed in the great doctrine of the "Universal brotherhood of man.'" The great idea that America is the asylum for the poor and op pressed of all nations. And you cannot un educate them, or eradicate this idea very readily. Perhaps not until they arc brought face to face with the fact that the people of the Pacific States have risen with arms in their hands resolved to throttle the monster that threatens their very existence. Then perhaps the cars may come across the conti nent freighted with soldiers to crush down these people, and California and Oregon may feel the power of Federal bayonets ; may bo literally tramped under foot. But I hava a hope and belief that such will not be the case. For by that time it is possible that our Eastern brethern may have learned the true nature of the contest. They may dis cover that it is a struggle on the part of the people of this coast for their very existence. They may discover more than thatr may dis cover that California and Oregon are but great breakwaters trying to roll back the monster wave of heathen emigration that threatens to overflow all our fair land, and when they see the question narrowed down to a bloody contest between American civ ilization and Asiatic barbarism, they will not be long in deciding which side to take. We have a Constitutional Convention in session which has taken very decided aronnds on this important question. But it is thought by many that the new Consti tution will be loaded down with so many objectionable features that it will be defeat ed by the people. A result, no doubt, de sired by many of the members.: However, all our minor dangers and troubles may bi nvershadowed and absorbed in the great coming combustion predicted by Professor Rnapp, which I believe he says is to take place about 1880. The Professor, may be - J. J. WlNANl Alameda, CaLj Jan. 10, 1S70. Or. Carter 2xlans. Editor Gazkxte: I read an article in your paper recently, copied from the States man, written by Mr. Bagley, in which my name occurs and to which I desire to make a simple statement La 'personal vindication. It is the duty of the agency physician to report every case treated by him under the head of the disease the patient was suffering at thd time though that be a cold, itch, or a simple absccts. When wo remember that nearly all the In dians are affected with cousfit utional forms of disease, as well as subject to all the acute farms of rliajjtfiAS and that von will TinrhanH ' Sf tftapt one Indian eight or ten times during rc t ' .. . . ... ... a , . t rsoayear, ii is n it strange mai uie iiumuer i.nv W.-.L 1 fam ni. 1 Win urifhtn 4 link timn ami .not be many Indians either. All my reports, for about three years, were examined by Mr Bagley before being sent to the department, and if they were not right, it was the duty ot the agent to have called my attention to the matter, which he never did. I don't remember of a single report being returned for correction, though there was one made out for every month in the year. It was no interest to me, and I had .no disposition whatever to misrepresent the number of Indians, I know it was one con tinual round of practice from year to year. I am not surprised that the number of In dians treated have decreased since Dr. Bos well took charge. The Dr. was ou the agency some years ago and so many of the Indians died under his treatment that they are fearful of his medicine and will not call on him, and they never will until he has gained their confidence. If these things are to go before the public at all, I want them to go in their true light. Very respectfully, F. M. CaETEK. Newton, Jan. 19, 1879. ' The EMi VuixIiiiK'Hiezi2 I-?: :i I. -.. ot the The effective poiut urged by Mr. Blaine in Ms address supporting his resolution of in quiry as to whether the constitutional rights of American citizens were violated in the late election, may bethus stated : The South claims a representation in Congress appor tioned to the total population, including ne groes as well as whites, but the practical disfranchisement of the blacks permits the white voters of the South to elect, nearly twice as many Representatives as they would be entitled to if the blacks were excluded in the apportionment as well as in voting. This proposition enlarges the scope of the discussion, for it is not only a question whether the blacks shall be protected in the rights guaranteed them by the constitutional amendments, but a question whether one Southern white's vote shall equal the votes of two Northern whites. The ques tion is, whether the negro population or the South shall be used for the political aggran dizement of "the very class that fraudulently and viobjutly deprive the blacks of their po litical rights ancbthus unable their oppressors to prevail overths,white at the North who would eth iwise protect them in their polit ical r grits. Mr. Blaine's, Statement' ef the case is nor. e too broad, as nis comparative statistics show. The three States of South Carolina, Missis sippi, and Lottisiahna have seventeen Rep resentatives, apportioned on the basis of 1,035,000 white votes and 1, 225,000 colored votes ; nine of the Representatives given to thc.-ie three States were apportioned by rea son of the colored population, which' was-5 not permited to elect one of them. The re sult is that 1,035,000 white voters have as manv Representatives in Congress, and as large a voice in the affairs of the nation, as the 2,247,00 white voters of Iowa end Wis consin, which likewise have seventetrt Rep resentatives. In other words, as Mr. blftino puts it, "o0,C00 white people? in those South ern States have precisely the same political power as 1 112,000 white people have in Iowa and Wisconsin." This r-tate of things gives the South even more advantage over the North than it eujoyel in the days of slavery Then the whites elected Representatives to Congress for three-fifths of 'heir slave pop ulation in addition to their own apportion ment; now the Southern apportionment in cludes the entire colored population, which, as a matter of fact, has no more voice m choosing the Representative than it had while in a condition of slavery. This argument Is based, or course, upon the assumption that the colored voters are practically disfranchised, which is the sub ject of inquiry. But that the assumption is strong enough to warrant the inquiry is evi.lent from the fact, while thirty-riye of the representatives from.tjhe Southern States were assigned, by neason of the colored pop ulation, not more than four of the members of Congress from thoSouth belong to the political party with which the blacks vote almost solidly. .Moreover, the assumption is not weakened, but rather strengthened, by the fact that the Demociats Who benefit by the disproportionate representation are brincini such imn as Thurrnan and Lamar pto the front to oppose the inquiry into its accuracy. Commercial S. f .) Adeocait. An eminent actress f-peak.of stage winking as a stuttering of the eyelids.