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About The Benton democrat. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1871-18?? | View Entire Issue (April 19, 1873)
THE BENTON DEMOCRAT
: ' ' " " . 18 ISSUED
fBTKffr SATURDAY MORXINty
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STATE FARMERS' CONVENTION I
HELD AT SALEM, APRIL 10th & 11th.
FULL AND COMPLETE PROCEEDINGS!
yiCompilod from the Daily Herald.1
. '-:i - First Day.
The Farmers' Convention, which met
at Salem, on Thursday last, was called
to order by T; L. Davidson, temporary
"chairman. J. H. Brown was chosen
The following gentlemen were ap-
pointed a Committee on Credentials :
T. Carter, Benton county;- A.. B.
Babcock, Polk ; John H. Smith, Linn ;
Daniel Clark, Marion ; J. H. Upton,
. Yamhill ; Thomas Edwards, Lane, and
T. P. Powers, Clatsop. -.
In order to give this committee time
to report, the Convention adjourned un
til 1 o'clock p. in.
Convention met at appointed hour,
when the Committee on Credentials re
ported the following named gentlemen
1 entitled to seats in the Convention :
Lian county W. McCullock, S. Gr.
. Haley. A. G. Marshall, W. P. Ander
son, Jonas Davis, John Layton, G.
: Crawford, J. H. Baber, James Finlay
son, Jason Wheeler, A. W. Standard,
J. H. Smith, Martin Luper and "G..W.
7 Vernon. -
Lane county T. D. Edwards, "W.
. A. Potter, George Rinehart, M. B.
Gray, W. C. Edwards and M. Wilkins.
Benton county Tolbert Carter, H.
.Miller, E. Hartless and C. E.Moore.
Marion county .T. L. Davidson, F.
Condet, T. W. Davenport, J. H. Brown,
'Daniel Clark, John Miuto, B. C. Greer,
John Downing, Joseph Smith, F. X,
Matthews, M. Fisk. Delegates at large
-H.-Udeli and J. W. Grim. .
Columbia county G. W. Maxwell.
' Polk county John Allen, Ira Town
seud, Jesse Stump, W.C Brown, James
'iTatom. : John H. Hawley, E. TMcNary,
W. Cl'arcbill, James Smith, Vlsaac
Smith, ET. W Clark, Thomas Blair, "A.
D. Babcock and W. . Ruble, delegates
-'at large.- ,"' ': V;
Yamhill county Henry Newell, D.
?,C,: Stewarti O..B. Henry, W. Galloway,
F. Martin, George B. Curry, J. H. Up
ton, B. B. Crawford, J. C. Kelson, Rob
ert) Laughlin, Willis Starr,- A. J. Pit
4 man, L, Potter. W. Galloway, B. Sprin
ger, L. Bleeker, and George B. Curry,
for Willamette League Club. .
All of which is respectfully submitted.
John H. Smith, Chairman.
1 J. H. Upton, Secretary.
Report unanimously adopted.
.r On -motion the 'following Committee
on Permanent Orgaization was appoint
ed : C. P, Burkhart. of Linn ; T. W.
Davenport. Marion ; T. Edwards, Lane;
Jesse Stewart, Polk ; W. .Galloway,
Yamhill ; George Maxwell, Columbia 4
"ID, Hartless, Benton. The - Committee
reported promptly as follows :
W. Wilkins, President $ J. H. Brown,
Secretary f M. V. Brown of Linn conn
tyASsistant: Secretary; " '
The report was adopted, , and Mr.
Wilkins conducted to the chair.
' A Committee on Constitution consist
ing of one from each county was then
appointed, ' - ; -r
Gb motion ef C E. Moore, a -Conv-tnittee
on Resolutions was appointed',
as follows ; C E. Moore of Benton, J.
HUpton of, Yamhill; J. H. ; Smith of
Linn, John ' Minto of Marion, M. B.
Gray of Lane and TVm.-Ruble of Polk.
Jlr Moore moved that the object of
Jie CopTtntion is to express the eeqi-
ments of the farmers of Oregon by reso
lutions upon their various interests. . '
A large number of members express
ed their views at length, and with much
earnestness,' as to what they considered
to be the primary Objects of the Con
vention and the duties of the Farmers'
Clubs;: ?i '-
Superintendent Watkinds invited the
Convention to visit the Penitentiary.
Invitation accepted. ' .
At this stage of the proceedings, the
Chairman of the Committee on Resolu
tions came into the ball and requested
time for further deliberation, and sug
gested r he following for discussion by
the Convention, as a means of bringing
ont more definitely the minds of the
members on the chief objects to be kept
in view of the Convention: "Shall
the farmers of the State organize for
the purpose of building wharves, ware
houses, steamboats, aud engage in the
business of transportation, or shall they
seek amelioration of the present condi
tion by taking . advantage of present
circumstances to obtain a reduction of
freights also, as to what methods we
shall adopt to avoid the unnesaary ex-.
pense entailed upon products in too fre
quent handling by those between the
producer and the consumer." The re
quest was granted 'the suggestion was
adopted, followed by a discussion that
showed marked ability and good feel
ing. At five o'clock the Convention
adjourned till seven p. m.
EVENING SESSION. "
Convention called to order at 7;30.
Committee on Resolutions mad the fol
lowing report : '
Whereas", The practice of the far
mers of Oregon, in storing their wheat
in the warehouses of millers and grain
dealers, has resulted in placing the pow
er of setting the market prices of grain,
to a great extent, within the control of
the buyer;. and, -
. Whereas, The present system of
transportation of freight upon the Co
lumbia and Willamette rivers is unneces
sarily tedious and costly ; therefore ',
Besdved, First We strongly advise
that farmers" keep absolute control of
their own products until sold, in order
to keep themselves free from conditional
engagements with middlemen.
Second That it is manifestly the in
terest of the farmers of the Willamette
and Columbia river "alleys to combine
and . build ' warehouses at convenient
points along the railroad and navigable
streams, for the purpose of storing their
products, and to sell such products di
rectly to the shipper or consumer, so as
to avoid the extortion "of middlemen.
Third That in our opinion, the con
struction of warehouses at Astoria will
greatly facilitate the transportation of
our produce to foreign markets; and
that it is the . conviction of this body
that a warehouse, or warehouses, at
said point will meet such encourage
ment at the hands of said farmers of
this State as will insure their scucess as
an investment. -
Fourth That while we are not pre
pared to recommend the building of sea
going vessels by farmers, yet the '. con
struction of such vessels within our bor
der, for the purpose of transporting our
products to foreign markets, deserves
every encouragement from the people
Fifth That while we are in favor of
encouraging all legitimate means of
more cheaply and expeditiously send
ing off exports and receiving imports,
we wonld most emphatically recom
mend the encouragement of all branch
es of home manufactures as a means of
creating a home. market by the multi
plication of our consuming population.
Sixth That as we recognize the mer
chants of Oregon as. sufferers- in com
mon with farmers where freights are
subjected to unnecessary cost- and de
lay ; we therefore invite their co-operation
with us in securing relief from our
Seventh That having interest in
common with all skillful mechanics in
the encouragement of home manufactur
es, we would recommend to the consid
eration of master mechanics the policy
of using apprentice labor.
- Your committee beg leave to submit
the foregoing report.
The report was unanimously accept
d,sand the resolutions discussed seri
atum. The third resolution called forth
the most earnest- and able debate ever
witnessed in the Legislative Hall, Messrs
Smith and Minto favoring, and Messrs,
Hartless and Davenport opposing its
adoption. It was passed by a vote of
27 to 24.
Adjourned to 8 o'clock to-morrow.
Second Day.' ; .
': Convention met pursuant to adjourn
ment. :On motion of Mr. Moore, the follow
ing was adopted : : , -
Whereas, It is the understanding
that the Astoria resolution Will be re
considered, and again be put upon its
passage, ' - -
Resolved, That no member of this
Convention shall speak but once,, and
all speeches on other eubjects shall be
limited to ten minutes.
On motion of Mr. Minto, the follow
ing resolution was warmly supported,
and unanimously adopted ; - : .
COtlVALLIS, BENTON COUNTY, OREGON : SATURDAY, APRIL 19, 1873.
Wheesas, There have been eontin
tied complaints , made -by masters of
vessels and the merchants ok our State
in regard to the manner in which the
parties who have contracted with the
State to place a tug boat on the bar of
the Columbia river have lulhlled said
contract, and in consequence of the
failure of said parties to failbully per
form their contract, the commercial and
transportation interests of the State
have been damaged to a great extent,
Hesolved, That this Convention re
spectfully ask the Governor to examine
this matter, and see that the law bf the
contract- is faithfully fulfilled by the
contracting parties ; that this resolution
be entrusted to a committee offthree,
to be appointed by the President! r.
' . The President appointed - o4 , said
committee, C P. Burkhart, Jno.'linto
and Mr. Better, i. - .-!.
Mr. Smith moved - " That the grati
tude of the farmers of Oregon is due to
the newspapers that have published
communications, notices and other mat
ter tending to the furtherance "of the
farmers' movement." The spirit of the
resolution was generally approved, but
for the time it was laid on the table. -t
The resolutions of the Committee on
Resolutions were taken up. Numbers
four and five were discussed with the
usual ability, and passed unanimously.
On the discussion of the sixth reso
lution, Mr. Upton moved, as an amend
ment, " and we do urge upon the atten
tion of the State Legislature the im
portance of the enactment of an ap
prentice law." This amendment called
forth an animated and intelligent discus
sion. The amendment was lost, and
the original resolution was unanimously
adopted. ' . '
The motion to reconsider the motion
on the third resolution was lost. The
preamble to ' the resolutions was read
Mr. Smith moved ' That whenever
practicable, it is the imperative duty of
the farmers of the Willamette valley, to
patronize, and in every honorable way
to encourage, the Willamette Transpor-
L Company." ,
Mr.- Minto-moved to amend the reso
lution by striking out the words " Will
amette Transportation Company " and
insert the words ' all competing lines."
The amendment was lost. Mr. Smith
spoke at some length in favor of the
motion. Mr. Minto moved the follow
ing as a substitute to the motion : "That
this Convention congtatulate the people
of Oregon upon the opening of -the
Upper Willamette river to free compe
tion in the transportation business of
the Willamette and Lower Columbia by
the construction of locks at the falls of
the Willamette." The substitute was
lost by a majority of four. The origi
nal resolution was adopted by a consid
erable majority. Mr. Minto then mov
ed that his intended substitute be adopt
ed as an independent resolution, . which
was unanimously adopted. -
It was resolved "That Mr. Carry be
asked to explain the nature of the
League to which he belongs as far as
he may think proper." This was ap
proved, and Mr. Curry explained at
some length the organization and prog
ress of the Willamette League, consist
ing of sixty members, which gave gen
eral satisfaction to the Convention.
It was resolved '".That the thanks
of the Convention be hereby tendered
to the Willamette Transportation Com
pany for its very liberal accommodation
to the members." -
A similar motion was passed to the
Oregon Steamship Company.
It was also moved and passed with
approbation, " That the thauks of this
Convention are due to the Secretary of
State -for the "use of the Legislative
Hall and other- courtesies extended to
the members of the Convention."
A motion for the Convention to ad
journ sine die at one o'clock was laid on
the table.' .-.
On motion, ' Mr. Powers of Clatsop
was invited to address the Convention
and give such information as he posess
es as to what encouragement the peo
ple of Astoria will give the farmers of
Oregon to erect warehouses there. The
spirit of Mr. Powers', address was to
the effect that the people of Astoria will
afford the farmers every facility in their
power, by grants and otherwise.Cto co
operate with the farmers to carry out
the objects of the Convention. -1
On the motion of Mr. Minto, it was
unanimously resolved to request Gov
ernor Groyer lo give the Convention
such information as he possesses about
the- tug-boat at Astoria. The Governor
gave a full and interesting account of
the origin and working of the law re
specting the tug-boat, the purport of
which is, that the Executive of the
State has little or no control over the
tug-boat. The Governor's address was
listened to with great attention. It was
. Resolved, .That it is the interest , of
the farmers of Oregon to give material
aid to the Willamette lartner, in the
shape of subscribing for the paper and
paying the subscription promptly:
The Secretary of State, at the unan
imous request of the Convention, ad
dressed the. Convention in his usual
happy and successful manner. . ' .
A committee of three were appointed
to on and request Governor Grorer
to address the Convention The' Gov
ernor responded to the request and was
received with marked" approbation by
the members. His exgellent address
Was principally confined to the import
ance of cheap transportation ; that the
grants of Congress ef large subsidies
for railroads, river and harbor improve
ments had this object chiefly ia view,,
and that this object has been in a great
measure defeated by monopolists. . Ore
gon, in soil, climate,-;; water-power and
river communications, has everything
in its favor to make it the finest agricul
tural and manufacturing State of the
The abuses of the Columbia bar re
quire immediate attention and remedy.
The removal of all obstructions in our
rivers should be attended to as 'scon as
possible. "- Home manufactures and ship
building should be encouraged by all
possible means. -The resolutions and
general proceedings of this Convention
do the members great credit. . .
; Mr. Helm was called upon to address
the Convention, which he did at some
lenght in. a manner complimentary to.
the proceedings and spirit of the Con
Mr. Minto submitted the following
preambles and resolution s
Whereas, It appears that, under
the present law providing tor the keep
ing of a tug boat on the bar of Colum
bia, there is no . means - of enforcing a
fulfillment of the contract" between the
owners of said tug-boat and the State ;
and - '
Whereas, This Convention has rea
son to believe that ships keeking to en
ter our chief seaport are subject to in
jurious delay by- the inefficient man
agement of the tug-boat subsidized by
the State ; therefore, . ;
Mesolved,, That we invite the attention
of our fellow-citizens to the necessity of
providing by law for the maintaining
of a mere competent tug-boat on the
bar of the Columbia
This resolution met with great favor
and passed unanimously.; '
: At 12, noon, the Convention adjourn
ed to meet at 1 o clock. . : .
" - AFTERNOON SESSION.
At 1 o'clock the President called the
meeting to order.
At the suggestion of the Chair a pa
per by Mr. W. H. Odell was read by
the Secretary, that contained valuable
suggestions, some of which had been
already acted on ' by the Convention.
At the request of the Convention, S. A.
Clarke, Esq., ' editor of the Willamette
l'armer, who has just returned from the
East addressed the Convention, in
which he dwelt on the principles that
guided him in conducting his paper, and
a very interesting and graphic descrip
tion of his trip across the continent
The Committee on Constitution sub
mitted the following report':
Your committee would beg leave to
report that we are unable to unite upon
any plan of permanent organization and
would recommend that the present or
ganization of . the Convention be con
tinued after adjournment to a definite
time, and that there be appointed the
following committees : One upon, con
stitution, who shall report at the next
meeting of the Convention ; one upon
commerce, foreign markets, freights and
wharfage ; one upon internal transpor
tations and freights, and one upon do
mestic manufactures,-which committees
are requested to gather useful and ac
curate information with regard to costs
and conditions connected with the sub
jects entrusted to them for their inves
tigation, and that they report by the
Secretary, through the Willamette Far
mer y as soon as practicable." The gen
eral opinion of the Convention was that
this was the best course to pursue. The
report was accordingly adopted and the
following committees appointed : .
Committee on Constitution T. W.
Davenport. Jesse Stump, O. B. Curry
and Wm. Ruble.
Committee on Commerce T. P.
Powers, Joseph M. Watt, John Minto,
E. Hartless, Judge Baber and Mr.
Committee on Internal Transporta
tion J. H. Smith, Daniel Clark, P.
Low, W. C. Brown and H. Hewett.
Committee on Domestie Manufactur
es G. F. Crawford, John Kelley,
George B. Curry, James Finlayson,
C. E. Moore and Mr. Townsend.
On motion of Mr. T. W. Davenport
it was resolved "That when this Con
vention adjourns, it adjourns to meet on
the second Tuesday of June in the
Legislative Hall at one o'clock p. m."
Mr. Watt read, by request,- a paper
upon vessels and - shipping facilities,
which was. listened to with attention.
Mr. Curry moved "That this Con
ven tion recommend that the farmers in
each precinct in the State of Oregon
form into clubs, and send the names of
its officers to the Secretary of this Con
vention immediately after organization,
and that each precinct organization not
represented in this Convention, shall be
entitled to send delegates to the next
meeting of thia Convention." Passed
unanimonsly. '. r
On the motion of Mr. Smith ot Linn
county it was resolved "That a com
mittee of three be appointed by. the
President to prepare an address to the
farmers of Oregon, urging upon them
the necessity of organizing dubs and
joining in the farmers' movement." The
President appointed on this committee
J. H. Smith of Linn comity, T, W.
Davenport of Marion : county ) and
Thomas Edwards of Lane county ,
A vote of thanks was passed with"
marked approbation, "That the thanks
of this Convention be returned to the
officers of the Convention for the able
manner ia which they discharged their
several duties.", The President re
sponded in a few appropriate remarks.
This closed the proceedings of the Con
vention, which is to meet again at the
same place on the lOtbcof June next
Plain Propositions. .'
' From the N. T. Suri.'. - ' T
Suppose that in the month of Sep
tember last the Republican managers
had announced tfiat it they should suc
ceed in the approaching Presidential
election,? one of the measures which
they would, first enact would be to
raise the salary of President . Grant to
$50,000 a year. V
Suppose it had also been believed by
the people that the Republican majority
in Congress, after having been paid the
stipulated salary for their services,
would vote themselves 5.000 each out
ot the Treasury. .
- Or suppose that these two proposi
tions had been incorporated in the Re
publican platform adopted by the Phil
adelphia Convention, by which . Grant
was nominated for re-election.
How many States would Grant have
carried ? How many Republican Con
gressmen would have been re-elected 1
Is it not evident that Grant could not
have got a single State, and that every
Republican candidate for Congress,
running on such a platform, would have
been defeated ?
All this being true, is it not- the in
sanity of public robbery which has led
Grant to lobby for the passage of , a
bill through a Congress raising bis own
salary to $50,000 a year, and which has
led Republican Congressman to pass
that bill ? If they dared not announce
th ib enormous act of robbery as a part
of their plan before the election, how do
they expect the people to regard it after
the election? - u
A Scrap of History. A curious
scrap of history has recently come to
light in relation to the late President
Lincoln. On tho authority of Father
Dixon, the founder of the city in Lee
county, in Illinois, which bears his
name, it is stated that during the Black
Hawk war, while Gen. Taylor, after
wards President of the United States,
was in command of the fort at Dixon's
Ferry, near where Dixon now stands,
Jefferson Davis, then a lieutenant in
the regular army, administered the oath
of office to Abraham Lincoln, who had
arrived at the fort ' with a company of
volunteers raised in Southern Illinois,
of which he was captain. General
Robert Anderson, the defender of Fort
Sumter, then a lieutenant serving in the
same regiment with Jefferson Davis,
was present at the same time.
The Bazaar of Fashion !
MRS. E. A? KNIGHT
HAS JUST RECEIVED
A FULL STOCK OF FALL AND WINTER
" ' CONSISTING OF
Millinery Articles, Hats, Bonnets, Rib
bong, Trimmings, Etc.
And cutting and fitting ladies' and chil
dren's garments in all the Latest Styles.
Great pains will be taken to show Goods.
8"Rooms first door South of City Hotel,
Mns. E. A. KJflGHT.
ConvAtLis, Ocj. 11, 1872. . v2nolyl;
SEALER in :
NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS,
TOBACCO, CIGARS. PIPES, ECT. ETC.
FIRE EfSUKAXCE AGENCY.
LEGAL TENDERS B0U0HT AND SOLD.
A - Beal Estate Agency,
For" the Sale and . Lease of Property.
J. A. IIANNA.
Post Qfllce, Corvallis, Oregon. v2n42yl.
A. J. LAWRENCE,
ATTORNEY-AT - LA W ,
Room No. 22, Dekum's Building,
; March 8, 1873.; .., :. , v.-... ,2:46yl ,
H. E. HARRIS, h ,
ON HAND AGAIN AT THE OLD
STAND, ; ... ,;... ,!-.
GROCERY AND PROYISION STORE.
November 8, 1872. ' : ' 2:39tf -
. CITO BATES t '
To Clafts of Ten or more, sent to on Fost
offlce, each copy, a 60 per year; Six
Months, 91 SO. IK ADVANCE.
' ' PROFESSIONAL CARDS.
BR. E. W. BIDDLE, ; V;
Having purchased the Interest of Dr.' DS.
Stryker, in the DENTAL BUSINESS,
would respectfully announce to the citizens
of Corvallis and vicinity that he is now
prepared to perform ; , . ,
FIRSTCLASS DENTAL OPERATIONS
In the most approved styles, on short no.
- 2 tice, and at reasonable charges. 4?
- JOHN BOSWELL, M. D., "
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
- '; CORVALLIS. ?
Will attend promptly to all calls in ' the
; ; ;- line of his profession. '. . r
C. jlce at Graham & Bayley's Drug Store.
Restdkitce. Southwest corner of second
block north of Court House.
October 25, 1872. 1 C 2:27tf
L. FOLEY, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
; . OFFICE AT ;'
. . Graham's Dmj Store,- T
2:I5yl CORVALLIS. '
- T. V. S. EMBREE,
PHYSICIAN . ANT -SURGEON,
LEWISVILLE, ; ,
Polk County, Oregon.; Office at Resi
2:50 . dence, - 6m
Justice of the Peace.
CORYALLIS - - . - - - . ..... Oregon. .
WILL GIVE PROMPT ATTENTION TO THE
Collection of notes and accounts.
Particular attention paid to all business en
trusted to his care.
Office. In New Engine House, TJp-steirs.
R. S. STRAHAN, ;
. Attorney at Law. , : -CORVALLIS,
s3"Officb corner Sd and Monroe Streets.
F. A. CHENOWETH, ;
X. N. SHITS.
CHENOTVETH & SMITH. ,
- COBVAXUS, OBEGON.
COFriCB at the Court House. :
C. W. FITCH, .. ,.
' ' ATTORNEY AT LATV
Eugene City, Oregon.
Will practice in the different Courts of th
Legal Tenders bought and sold. '
KS-Officb two doors North of tho Post
Office. v ma4:tf.
: ; , Attorney at Law,
"Wil ; practice in the Supreme and Cir
cuit Courts of the State. . , .
OFFICE AT THE CQUBT-HOTJSE.
Notary-Public &aA. Conveyancer.
May be Found at Dr. Bayley's Store, on
. .. " Main Street. .
. Conveyancing done on short notice and
DRUGS AND MEDICINES.
GRAHAM & BAYLEY,
CORYALLIS ..... .- . Oregon.
' DE ALERS IN
Paints ftila r ,
Glass, Putty, -
- . - and Dye Stofifr,
A Fine Assortment of Lamps and Lamp
. Stock. :;'.:';;.,:.;:
Pure "Wines and Liquors for Medicinal
use only. - '- - 4 1 .
Physician's Prescriptions carefully Com
pounded at all hours. , .
: r - vlnoastf.
ALLEN & WOODWARD.
- 'HAVE1 :V : V;"-
DRUGS -AKD MEDICINES
' ; FOB AL1T ' ' '
PAINTS, . OILS, GLASS &C.
At Very low price, for cash. .
At San Francisco catalogue prices SfiscoUanc
ous Books, Stationery &c.
, Fisher's Block, Corvallis; Oregoa.
Hiiv o nn 1 1 ii
OUT OF THE ASHES!
V". HAS ARISEN ' ' -
FROM THE ASHES OF THE LATE FIRE I
and is prepared to do ,
BLA Q 1 .S.'M Ipr HING-
: ON REASONABLE TERMS.