Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The state rights democrat. (Albany, Or.) 1865-1900 | View This Issue
. V. -jaOWM. 0. B. STEWAnT.
BROWN & STEWART.
' , pablldhers nod Proprietor.
BATBId Of AlA c
W'f l M j 3 M tl ,U 1 VH
lines, 1 0(1 3 en S 00 S ea 15 '(
2 In. 1 00 IH 7 00 12 is in,
i In. on I oo lo oo li im r e
4In. 4 0(1 t OO 12 SD IS fly J7 0
'A Col. 0(1 V DO 15 00 25 00 35 Oil
V, Col. 7 ,0 12 IM IIS i ll 48 US
'4 Col. 10 00 15 Oil 2J Oi) 4 as Sti f.o
1 Col. li 00 20 OS 4 00 00 04 100 inl
wl li a ii i a m m m a m n j
PUBLISHED EVERT FRIDAY.
OLDEST DEMOCRATIC PAPER IN OREGON,
OFFICE IN PARRISH'S BLOCK, FIRST STREET.
TERMS, in ADVAHCS ! One year, 13 i Six
n-ontlu, 2 1 Three months, $1 i One month, SO
,ontj 6lngle Copies, 12t nt.
"comspondonts writing over assumed slgne.
lures or anonymously, must make known their
orrnwr names to the Kdltor, or no attention
will be given to their communications.
BUS IESS CARDS.
CIIAS. E. WOXTEBTOK,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW,
yOUloe over the Albnny lloot nnd Shoe
Store, on the corner of Front and Brondnlblu
p. A. CHBKUWETB.
I. H. SMITH.
CHENOWETH & SMITH.
ATTOKNEYS AT LAW,
9-Orrics at the Court Huuie, t0ii27
S. A. JOMNS,
ATTORNEY AT l.AW,
7'Offico In the Court House."a
J. A. YAlVflS,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW
Will practice In nil the Courts of the Btntc.
RVonlce In the Court House.
' j. w. kavbTjkjsT" "
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Hpeetal nttenttnn to eolleetlen of accounts,
(yOltlce one door South of Fishers Urlck.Vm
J. W. BALDWI?, "
ATTORNEY & COUNSELOR AT LAW,
Will practice In all the Courts in the 2d, 3d
find 4th Judicial Districts; In the Supreme
i 'ourt of Oregon, and in the United States Dis
t rlct and Circuit Court. Office un-stalrs in front
room in Pnrrish's brick blook, First St., Albnny,
GEO. R. HELM,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW
Will practice in all tho Court! of this Stole.
OFFICE: ALBANY", OHEGON.
Nov. II, 1870.
DR.. T. W. HARRIS,
9Pf Office. In the front room over Reluvald's
new lloot and Shop .atorc. Ilcsidenee, on
fourth street. vilnlttf.
is. jifotttirro, m. i.,
Th o Doctor Is a graduate of tho University
Medical OoIU'kb of Ntw Vorlt, and is a late
member of Beilevuo Hospltfti Medical College
of New York. -
ttfomce in Cnrothers' Pmjt Wore. Itesldenc
on Fotirtii Street, op)osite l)r. Tnte'i.
BKIS. RICE, 11. !.,
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON,
Office nn Main street, between Kerry and
Hroadalbin. Kesldcnce on Third street, two
Hocks cast, or Mow, the Methodist Church.
DK, E. O. NtIJTH.
ALB AWT, OREGON.
OFFICE : Two doors enst of Corner's Hank.
O. P. S. PIXMBflEIt, Itt. D.
Di-iira, Mcdicflnen, PcrfumrrirK,
lKurH, Tobacco, Nc-liowl
lloplt ami Hta
tUtnery. A full stock of trusses and imrg.cn. nppll
W. C. TITEEDAiE,
TOBACCO. CIGARS, YANKEE NOTIONS,
Cutlery, Orookery, Wood & Willow "Wave.
CALL AND SEE HIM.
Store on Front street, Albany, Ore-son.
AT nKASONABI.K RATES AT
Ey Work warranted to slvo satisfaction.
I?tD?IEi:Er NUMB' I
L, B. ROTA. . P pop riot or.
HAVING LEASED A NEW SHOP ONE
door west of Kox's store, and lilted It ttp
in a neat and tasty manner, 1 wilt iw i-Iviuh-U
to have nil nvy old customers c.uiimnj tiieli
patronage, and will guarantee SHlksiavdoii to
all new ouea. vhuljtf.
ALBANY BATH HOUSE I
Tub UNDERsrasKD wom.i rtE.si'ECT
fullr inform th oitiMOS of AlttsDT and ri-
eioity tbatba bas taken charge of this Kstnbliih- j
mnt, and, by kwptn cluan rooms and paying !
slriet atUntioo to bavioeii, expects to auit all I
tho-. who may favor biin with their patronage, j
llariBg beretofore earried oa nothing but
First-CI as 8 Hair Dressing Saloons,
it axpeots to giro entire nlif4-tivn to nil. j
Cb tidies and Ladies' Hnir nesflr eat;
and abampooU. JOSKi'H WHI'.li Kit.
SAMUEL E. YOUNG.
Wholesale and It', (nil r,-aVr in
DRV tiOODS, UROCF.KIKN, '
tXOTIIIX, BOOTH AXU :
ERM. H(iOS. ,
And IIOIDCIST SEED OTIS, Elr.j
TEEa-.-DASE. Tint Et, lUnj.
VOL,.X. ALBANY, OKEGON, FRIDAY, APIIIL 16, 1875. NO. 36.
, j ' .......
HIRAM JENKINS' MISTAKE.
Hirnm Jenkius drove slowly up the
hill road that led to the frtrm-house
of Deacon Bates. It was plain even
to the casual observer that the er
rand he was bound upon was of a
common importance. No man would
have arravod himself so gorgeously
simply for the purchaso of a tub of
fall butter or a yoke of Bteers. His
hair was in a state of distressing
smoothness, and seemed almost a
part of the glossy hat which covered
it. His coat and pantaloons were
marvels in their way and his boots,
which had been elaborately blacked.
reflected back the rays of the setting
sun in a manner perfectly blinding
to the beholder. And yet notwith
standing his superiority in all these
respects to the lillics of the field,
there was apparent in his actions a
singular sort of nervousness, a trepi
dation almost, which rendered his
appearance at once ridiculous and
awkward. This trepidation was in
no wise lessened by the sudden vision
of a red-headed urchin watching him
from tho barn-door, and who, as the
team approached, with an ever
widening grin, sped off in tho direc
tion of the farm-house and disap
peared through the kitchen door.
Hiram v"JKonscious a minute after
wards of hoing the target for half a
dozen pair of eyes from the sitting
room windows, and it required extra
ordinary strength of mind on his part
to drive past the house to the shed
whore the horses of all visitors were
hitched. There aro few more awk
ward things to do than to get out or
in a carriage when women are watch
ing, and though Hiram had prob
ably never thought of the fact before
he fully experienced its truth, as en
deavoring to spring genteelly from
the buggy, his foot slipped on the
wheel and he cumedown onhishands
and kneesjn the dirt. His remarks
as he scrambled to his feet were con
fined to one word, but that, though
short, was the most expressive one
of the English language.
"1 will have to go round to the
barn pump to wash my hands before
I can go in," said he to himself. . "I
suppose they are having their own
fun out ol me m the house now.
Confound it, I wish I hadn't start
As he passed the horse-barn, which
was partly open, he heard the sound
of voices. He listened, and his heart
sank as ho recognized the tones of
his rival, Elnathan Rogers.
"I want her bad," he was saying.
"She just Buits me. You can't al
ways bavo her, vou know, and you
had better call the thing settled."
"I don't know about that," an
swered the deacon, doubtfully. "I
have 'always said, come what would,
I would never part with Jenny. But
you hang on so, I don't know "
"bay its a bargain, deacon. 1
have thought it over a good while,
and Jenny I must have. I'll treat
her well, you may be sure of that."
The deacon hesitated, blew his
nose, and finally said:
"She's got some little tricks that
nobody knows anything about but
me, and I don't want to impose upon
"Oh pshaw ! that's only an excuse
deacon. I'm willing to risk it."
"Slio Licked me in the stomach
laBt winter, and bit little Sammy not
more than six weeks ago. I can show
you the scar now."
"Great king I" thought Hiram,
"and here I was going to pop the
question this very evening. Who
ever would have thought it !"
"I'll take that out of her," said
Elnathan, continuing the conversa
tion. "If she so much as lifts her
foot against me, I'll give her a licking
that'll last her a month."
"Lick ! ' ejaculated Hiram to him
self, astonished beyond measure.
"Lick Jenny Bates ! Well, this goes
ahead of anything I ever heard of.
And the old man don't nay a word !
A pause ensued, which wan broken
by the deacon.
"Well, if you must have her, you
must. I expect the old lady will
want something to say about it,
though, nlie thinks as much of
Jenny as I do. Won't you come into
the house i1 .
"Not now. I've got to go down
to the village before dark. I'll lie
round some time to-morrow."
Hiram Jenkins waited until he saw
his successful rival climb tho fence
between the two farms Then he
deliberately unhitched his horse, got
into his wagon and drove off, never
casting a look towards the window
(vhero the fair Jenny sat in watchful
expectation. Not until he reached
his own door did he draw a long
"It seems just liko a dream," said
he to himself as ho slowly unbuckled
the harness. "To think of Jenny
Bates kicking her own father and
biting her little brother, and she
looking as though butter wouldn't
melt in her mouth ! It's just as
mean, though, in the deacon to lick,
as it is for her to kick. The old
hypocrite! Well, I must say I'm
mightily deceived in tho Bateses.
I tt'pose Elnathan Rogers feels cranky
enough now he's got her. I juBt hope
she'll kick his heal off. Lucky for
me I overheard what I did."
Notwithstanding this self-gratiila-tion,
Uimm felt all the panga of dis
appointment and jealousy. He had
not only lost his "j irl," but he had
len cut out i:i the most mortifying
manner by a man he held in thorough
contempt. He felt that even with
what he now knew of Jenny' faults,
if ho could gain her hand he would
carry her oft" in spite of her rival or
the deacon cither. !
A week pusxed by and Jenny was j
never out of Hiram's thoughts. One
day he went to the village, and while
there, Manding in the front of the
post-ofik-c, Einathnn Itogcrs drove
by with the deacon'n mare.
"I n'poe now he' gut Jenny he
thinks he' got a right to the whole
property," muttered Hiram. "I
wish to gracious the old mare would
put her foot through the dashboard!"
That night the singing-school met
at the Academy. Hiram came late.
He used to set with the tenors just
behind Jenny Bates. Now he chose
a different seat, and tried hard to
sing bass. He could not, however,
help seeing Elnathan pass pepper
mint lozenges to Jenny, and also
write something on the blank leaf of
her singing-book, which she read and
''Of course he'll go home with her
to-night," thought Hiram. "It'll be
the first I've missed for years. He's
AH intermission be kept his seat,
and pretended to bo very busy look
ing for some tune in his singing book
that refused to be found. Jenny did
not look at him.
The doxology closed the school at
last, and there was a grand bustling
about the door, and an eager pushing
among the young men to make sure
of their favorites. Hiram was trying
to make his way through the crowd,
when he found himself at the elbow
of Jenny Bates, and the same mo
ment the hateful voice of Elnathan
Iiogers Was heard to say:
"Shall I sbe you home to-night,
- "No, sir," was the prompt reply,
"I shall walk home alone."
Hiram was totally unprepared for
"Perhaps it'B one of her fits," he
said to himself. "The deacon said
she had 'em; that nobody knew it but
himself. I am glad she mittened
The word mitten reminded Hijm
that he had left both of his on the
seat in the school-room, and he
stepped back just as the candles were
being put out.
"Hero's Jenny Bate's singing
book," he heard one boy say to an
other. ' ' She went off in such a hurry
to-night she forgot it."
"Give it to me," said Hiram, who
remembered what had taken place
that evening, and with eager look
sought out the written messages that
had passed between Jenny and his
rival. They wore as follows :
"Tell your father he cheated me
when I bought old J enny . I thought
by her name she must be good for
something, but she kicks and bites
ten times worse than ho ever told me,
I wish now I had spoken for the
Jenny in . the house instead of the
one in the barn."
And the answer :
"I guess the horse is as good as
you deserve. As for your choosing
between the two you mention, you
won't be able to do that this year.
You havo got the only Jenny you can
ever get from my father."
A light broke in upon Hiram.
"Well, of all the infernal fools I
ever heard of I am the biggest ! A
dog would have had more sense. It's
not too late now, thank heaven."
The departing crowd stared as
Hiram with singing book in his hand
rushed down t he stairs, two at a time,
and up the road which led toward
Deacon Bates'. If he was not too
late he was nearly so, for Jenny was
just opening the gato of the front
"Ston. Jenny!" ho exclaimed,
panting for breath.' "Here's your
singing-book, louielt it on the seat.
I tried to overtake you."
"You needn't havo taken the
trouble, Mr. Jenkins; I guess no one
would have stolen it, said Jenny
with a great display of dignity and
making a. show of going into tho
"Don't Jenny ! Wait wait just a
minute, I know I've acted like a fool;
but just let me explain."
Jenny hesitated a moment made
another start towards the door, then
turned and went back to the gate
where the discomfited Uiram stood
"Well," she said in as freezing a
tone as she could command.
"Now don't look and talk that way,
Jenny Bates. You know I never
would have acted as I have if I hadn't
thought you were going to marry
"What business had you to think
nny such thing?" asked Jenny, firing
up. "A pretty explanation that is !
and again she turned away from the
"Stop! Let mo Ml you. Can't
you listen a minute t said Hiram in
desperation. He felt there was no
other way than to make a clean
breast of it, and plunged into his
story at once. Word for word he
related the conversation, he had
heard in the barn, and the effect it
had upon him. He was deeply in
earnest and in closing, humbly ap
pealed for forgiveness. He saw her
tremble and put her hands to her
face. Poor girl, she pitied him !
His heart rose and his hand was upon
the gate to open it, when a peal of
laughter, louder and longer for being
so long pent up, rang out upon the
night air, almost startling Hiram out
of his boots and waking the deacon
and his wife from a sound sleep in
the upper front bed-room.
L'p went the window and a night
capped head was thrust out, with a
demand as to what was the matter.
Still Jenny laughed, while Hirnm
stood silent by the gate, angry and
ashamed not knowing whether to
advance or go back. At last Jenny
found her voice.
"Go borne Hiram," she said; "say
your prayers and go to klcep, then if
you want to say anything more to
tne" come up to-morrow evening after
supper, but mind you don't go listen
ing at any more barn-doors on your
way home ;" and she went off in an
other peal of laughter.
Hiram did not wait to say good
night. Whether be slept or said his
praycri that night k not recorded,
but it is cn established fact that eight
o'clock the next evening found him
in deacon Bates' parlor. The inter
view was a long and prolably an iu
tereating one, and iu immediate r-
01,11- tl.nl MnrA Tl.n ,,!,:; J
the deacon had neither a Jenny in
the house or in the stable.
That was years ago, and Hiram has
since done the town some service as
Selectman, and is likewise a dignified
Justice of the Peace. But in the
midst of all his dignity and honors,
if he ever happens to insist upon
having his own way, the threat of
telling about the horse-barn brings
him to terms at once. It is the one
check to his independence the magio
charm by virtue of which Mrs. Hiram
Jenkins wields the household scepter.
Hearth and Home.
THE MKW KMrtHOIt OF CHINA.
The Daily News of February Sd,
contains the following:
We have at last definite Informa
tion as to the course of events In Pek
ing since the death of the late Em
peror, and ltinri) that a boy named
Tsai-ticn, a son of the seventh Prince,
is the new ruler of China under the
stylo nnd title of Kwang-su. The
death of the young Emperor, who
had rsigned since August, 1861, un
der the style of T'ung Che, took place
at about 5 p. m. on tho 12th of Jan
uary, tn the nineteenth year of his
age. Early In the morning following
it was rumored In Peking that a
grandchild of his eldest undo, the
Prince of Tub, had been selected for
tho succession, in the absenco of a di
rect heir; but in the course of the
day it became known that the two
Empresses, i. ?., tho Empress Dowa
ger and tho Empi ess Mother (of T'ung
Che), the well-known regents during
t.ie late majority, naa seiecten tiie
only son of the Princo's second broth
er, the Prince of Ch'un. This child,
who is nt present, it is said,
BETWEEN THREE AND FOUR YEARS OLD
Was designated as successor to the
throne in a deeree of the Empresses,
to which sanction was declared in
the valedictory manifesto of the de
parted sovereign. The selection of
this candidate is popularly attributed
to the choice of the Empress Mother,
who is a sister of the Princess of
Ch'un, nnd consequently aunt by
blood as well as marriage to the
child. These two august ladies are
said to be daughters of a Manchu
functionary formerly in office as Ta
otai of the KweiTsui Circuit in Shan
si, named Cheng-lin. The result
shows that the Empresses have known
how to maintain and exalt the posi
tion gained by their co; d'etat in
18G1, when they seized the reins of
power after the death of Hien-fung;
and we cannot but atlmire the vigor
and determination with which they
dominate the rival parties and bond
rrinces and Ministers to their will.
The effect of the present selection is
to make them again ex-omcio regents
and among the Peking QaieUe.t will
be found an edict appointing them
to that office.
THE YOUTHFUI, SOVEKEION KI.EUC
Was conveyed to the Palace from his
father's residence at about 4 a, m. on
the 13th. The decrees published in
the Peking Qaiette on that and the
following days record the successive
official stages of this historical epi
sode. The adontion of tho Kwoh
Hao or stylo of the coming reign of
the new Emperor was announced in
the (Jazette or the lutii of January,
The characters chosen aro Kwangtiu,
which may be translated "UontiuuB'
tion of Glory." They Appear to
have been selected from a sentence
occurring in a State rmvier of the
Sung dynasty, by Ts'ui Yung, enti
tled "Memorial requesting the be
stowal of a title of honor" Ion an
imperial person. The sentence is
as follows: t. e., gloriously renew the
great dynastic continuation.
A VERY DESTRUCTIVE FIBE
Broke out on the night of February
1st in the southwest suberb of Poo
chow. More than 400 houses were
destroyed. At one time it was feared
that the Hongs recently occupied by
Ivanoft a. (Jo. and ltuttonice & (Jo
would become a prey to the flames,
in which case the premises of 1).
Sassoon, Sons & Co. and Gibb, Liv
ingston & Co. would have been seri
ously jeopardized. Fortunately, the
fire was arrested at about 3 a. h.
without having caused any injury to
The establishment in Shanghai of
a special agency for a purely Japa
nese line of steamers, plying between
Shanghai and Yokohama, appears to
have become an accomplished fact,
A Newchwaeg correspondent com
plains of the frequency of robberies
in the neighborhood. A Foreign
missionary was plundered the other
day on the highway, not forty miles
She Wasn't "Sai.ly." While a
number of ladies were waiting at the
Grand Trunk depot yesterday a young
man entered, and alter looking around
he walked up to a young lady and
"Sir!" she exclaimed, drawing back.
"Isn't your name Sally?" he Inquired,
taking a closer look,
"No sir!" she replied, flashing a
look of icorn it him.
"Well, then die didn't come in on
this train," he continued. "She's got
red hair and freckles on her nose just
lik you, and I'd a aworn you was
Esjoyisu TiiKMsm.vKS A a
rag peddler wa coming down Cath
erine street the other day a boy ran
lo meet him and aid:
"Yoa ire that brown house down
there, with the boys in the yard'r"
"Well, when yon get down tiiere,
don't hollor 'r a j; s!' Mother in asleep
with the sick headache, father is down
lowo, and u boys are lisi iug a hot
time hanging llic dog in the grape
A veteran shopkeeper aays that al
though his clerks are very talkative
during the dy they are always ready
to shut np at tih'ht.
THB CIVIL BHUTTO BILL IN PULL.
Cat this Out anil savo It, and do not keep
Asking th. Proas to Republish It.
The following is the full text of the
Civil Rights Bill, as it passed both
Houses of Congress, and was signed
by the rresident ;
An act to protect all citizens in
their civil and legal rights.
Whereas, it is essential to lust
government we must recognize the
equality of all men before the law,
and hold that it is the duty of gov
ernment in its dealings with the peo
ple to mete out equal and exact jus
tice to all, ol whatever nativity, raco,
oolor, or persuasion, religious or po
litical; and it being the appropriate
object of legislation to enact great
fundamental principles into law :
lie il enacted bu the Senate and
Horns of Representatives of the United
States of America, in Congress Assem
bled, That nil persons within the jur
isdiction of tho United States shall
be entitled to the full and equal en
joyment of tho accommodations, ad
vantages, facilities and privileges of
inns, publio conveyances on land or
water, theatres and other places of
public amusement; subject only to
the conditions and limitations estab
lished by law, and applicable alike
to citizens of every raco and color,
regardless of any previous conditions
of servitude. , . . . .
Sec. 2. That any person who shall
violate the foregoing section by do-
nying to any citizen, excopt the rea
sons by law, applicable to citizens of
every race and color, nnd regardless
of any previous condition of servi
tude, the full enjoyment of nny of
the accommodations, advantages or
privileges in said section enumerated,
or by aiding or inciting such denial,
shall, for every such offense, forfeit
and pay the sum of 5UU to the per
son aggrieved thereby, to he recov
ered in an notion of debt, with full
coBts and shall also, for every such
offense, bo deemed guilty of misde
meanor, and upon conviction thereof,
shall be fined not less than 500, nor
more than $1,000, or shall be im
prisoned not less than thirty dajs
nor more than ono year : Provided,
That all persons may elect to sue for
the penalty aforesaid or to proceed
under their rights at common law
and bv State statutes; and having bo
elected to proceed in tho one mode
or the other, their right to proceod
in tho other jurisdiction shall be
barred. But this provision shall not
apply to criminal proceedings, eituer
under this act or the criminal law of
any State ; And provided further. That
a judgment for the penalty in favor
of the party aggrieved, or a judgment
upon nn indictment, shall be a bar to
either prosecution respectively.
Bbo. 3. That tho District and Cir
cuit courts of tho United States shall
have, exclusive of the courts of the
several States, cognizance of all the
crimes and offenses against, and vio
lations of, the provisions of this act,
and actions for the penalty given by
the preceding section may be prose
cuted iu tho territorial districts, or
circuit courts of the United States,
wherever the defendant may ho
found, without regard to the othor
rnrty; mid the district Attorneys,
llarshals, and deputy Marshals oi
the United states, ana commission
erg appointed by the circuit and ter
ritorial courts of the United Htatos,
with powers of arresting and lmpris
oning or bailing the offenders against
the laws of the United States, are
horebv specially authorized and re
quired to instituto proceedings
against every person who shall violate
the provisions of the act, and cause
him to be arrested and imprisoned or
baited, as tuo case may bo, for triul,
bofore such court of the United
States or Territorial court as by law
has cognizance of the offenso, except
in respect of the right of action ac
cruing to tho person aggrieved : and
such district Attorneys shall cause
such proceedings to be prosecuted to
thoir termination as in other oases
Provided, That nothing contained in
this section shall be construed to
dony or defeat any right of civil action
accruing to any person, whothor hy
roason of tins act or otherwise; and
any District Attorney who shall wil
fully fail to institute and prosecute
the proceedings herein required shall
for every such offense, forfeit and
pay the sum of $500 to tho person
aggrioved thereby, to be recovored
by an action of the debt, with full
costs, and shall , on conviction there
of, be doomed guilty of a misde
meanor, and be fined not less than
$1,000 nor more than $5,000. And
provided furtlwr, That a judgment
for the penalty in favor of the party
aggrieved against any such District
Attorney, shall be a bar to cither
Sec. 4. That no citizen posaesaing
all other qualifications which are or
may be prescribed by law shall lie
disqualified for service of grand or
petit juror in any court of the United
States, or of any State, on account
of race or color, or previous condi
tion of servitude; and any officer or
other person chargod with any duty
in the aeloction or summoning of
juror who shall exclude or fail to
summon any citizen for the causes
aforesaid shall, on conviction there
of, lo deemed guilty of a misdemean
or, and be lined not more than
Sec 5. That all costs arising un
der the provisions of this uct in tho
courts of the United States, shall lo
reviewable by the Supreme Court of
tho United States, without regard to
the sum in coutrovomy, under the
same provisions and regulation's as
are now provided by law lor me re
view of other i-humh in said court.
Passed tuo House of Itopresenta
tiven Feb. 4th, 1S75.
Give your son a good education
ami settlwl purpose in life, and when
he is a man lie will not lia content to
sit back of a grocery stove ind crack
what oitBooN NKKDs. t
In the last issue of the Oregon City
Enterprise, is a well written article
on the necessity of Home Manufac
ture, under the above heading, from
which we make the following extract:
We doubt if there is a State in tho
Union possessed of more natural and
productive wealth than Oregon.
There is one thing we can say with
out successful contradiction, that
thore is no State that can show a
greater export for the number of
poupiu. .Luis wuuibu is piuuuuiy
more equally distributed than in
other States. We have no very poor
people among us, and yet none aris
tocratically wealthy. Yet we find
that monoy is scarce nnd many of
our citizens complain of hard timos.
Let us see if this is not our own fault
more than tho cause of natural con
sequences. In the first place, aro
not the producers, to a great extent,
standing in their own light when thoy
do not encourage home manufacture
and home industry? See tho enor
mous amount of money our farmers
allow to go out of the State annually
for sacks to send their grain to mar
kot. These sacks could be made
hero, and by so doing, would not
only give remunerative employment
to many idle persons in towns, but
would give profitable employment to
our farmers. Just think for a mo
ment what a difference this item alone
would make to any one town in Ore
gon. Over lliroo hundred thousand
dollars goes out of the Stato annually
for this one item alone. This entire
sum could be kept at home and cir
culated among our people. Tho
farmer and manufacturer would get
their share of it, while at the same
time the farmer would be creating a
consuming clement to use up the
surplus products on which we now
have to pay heavy freights to ship to
other countries. We annually im
port not less than ton hundred thou
sand dollars worth of farming imple
ments, and this is constantly on an
increasing demand. All those imple
ments could be made here, and we
neod only imjwrt such of Hie material
as wo have not in our own State.
Let some ono take thia itom alone and
see how many consumors this largo
sum of money would support, direct
ly nnd indirectly.- Our shoes,, leath
er and harness probably cost ub an
other million annually. These could
all be made at home nnd tho monoy
retained hero, boo how many con
sumors this vast sum would Biipport
and keep tho money in circulation
at home. -Our rendy niado clothing
is another big item which could nil he
saved. Now, when we take into con
sideration that this vast amount of im
ports is mado at tho expense of not
more than a producing population of
fifty or sixty thousand peotilo and
wo have not euumorated all that we
import which could be made hero
is it any wonder that timos are hard
nnd money scarce in Oregon? Not
at all. The only wonder is, that
Oregon is ablo to sustain hereelf un
der such circumstances.
i'isms op'linn county.' 1 '
From the Albany Democrat wo
lenrn of the healthy finansial condi
tion of Linn county and of her free
dom from debt alter building n fine
Conn House at a cost of $40,000 and
a 10,0(J Jail. When the Uupuhli
enns went out of power in tlwil county
it was largely in debt with high rule
of taxation, on the ncuession of the
Democracy to control of affnirs strict
economy was observed and practiced,
the indelitcdnoHH tor Court House
And jail liquidated nnd tho tax levy
reduced far below what it was form
erly. Ti e levy for county purposes
next year will bu the lowest known
in that county for years. This is attrib
utable to the srliict integrity of her
county olhut'rs, anil eitnnmmonl tnnn
agomonl of her fiuanuss hy the Prnn
ocraoy. They were elavatml lo
power hy ihe peoplo for their pledges
of honesty, and those pledges have
been faithfully and honorably curried
The people of old Linn sliuuld con
tinue in power the noinii.oc of the
Democracy, tor under tliuir Hdiuinis
tration low luxes and honest rule
will he theordor. We wish we could
Lrng on tho fimincial condition of old
Marion, which, under Uepubliean rule
pays about ihe highest tax levy of
any county in tho State with less lo
show lor it. ihe levy in Marion tor
1S75. lor county purposes, was
mill; in Linn 7J-. This year in ths
latter eoiinlv il is 0J mills, Linn,
Laos and l'olk colonics paid last
year on the dollar, for comity pur
poses, less taxes than any other eoun
lies in ihe Slate, yet the so-called In
dependents in those counties shouted
louder lor "ruforra and "retrench
ment" than in the counties with liii(!i
rats ot taxaliou. Such is tho consis
tency ot the Independents, ilia prolli-
gacy of tho Republican and tho
economy of tlx Democracy. ,S'jem
Mercury. -. . a i
A Nkw Racr uv Cats. "Here,
Thomas Henry, some one has taken
an oran;;o oft my bureau! exclaimed
a sixth street woman the other day.
"I'll bet il was the cat!" replied the
boy. looking very innocent.
"tat! Cats don I cat onines, con
tinued the mother.
"I know they didn't use lo, mother,
but you ought to see how these now
kind of cats go lor oranges ami lem
ons! They just chunk 'em down as I
would gum drops!
Tho old lady sit down and remark
ed that this was a world of change.
The Detroit 're I'm links, if Mr.
ISergh can send a man to jail for three
months lor killing a mad cat, we'd
like to know what ho can do to a boy
who feeds marbles to a parrot?
Wh.n a Chicago man gels rich, lie
writes to Eastern publishing bouses,
and tells them to send "half a ton of
hooks with gilt on."
jAWS OF THE STATE OF OREGON
Pnbllshed by Authority. ; ..
AN ACTloaKiPnd An Act, tMitltlPd "An Aet to
, incorporate the city of Kttst lortlftnl," l
limveii October 2D, IS7I).
It it emctat 6j the LoMtttlve AwmntAjf 0 the
fi.tk; iy' Ori'iim .-
Section 1. Thnt Soetloniof Artlclc2,of said
Act, to incorporate the City of Kst PorllsnU,
as amended !y Hcrtlon'iol an amendatory Act,
approved October 174, bo nincmlcd so as Lo
rend as follows :
"Soc. '2. There shall be elected nn hereinaf
ter provided, for the term of one year, n lle
eoroer. Treasurer. Assessor. Attorney. Htreel
Commissioner, Surveyor" and Marshal, who
shall be officers of this iminlcliml corporation.
i no uccomcr, i rcasnrer, Assessor, isirot'l com
missioner, ami Marshal, shall be elected bv
tho ouallded electors of the eoriKiralion, nnd
the Attorney nnd Hnrvcyor shall be elected bv
tho board of Trustees, n Inajol-ity ol' all the
members of snld llisinl Imtnff necessary to
elect; and all the ollleers, whose election is' pro
vided for In this Section, shall be liable tone
removed Ht any time by the board of Trustees,
for nilsleasanc, Inntfc'ittlon or Incompetency
In oltlce, on a two-thirds vol... of all the mem
bers of said Hoard. The Trustees of said citv
shall be eleeted iu Ihe followlns manner; The
t.'lty of ICast 1'ortland Is hereby divided Into
three wards ward mi iu berone. which Includes
nil that imrt of said city north of the center
lino of a street, continued lo the eastern
bounds of Ihe city Itinlljt; ward number two
which Includes all that part of Haiti city lw
tween the center line of t. street, continued as
aforesaid, and the center lino of Asvlinn street.
continued lo the east bounds of the cliy limits ;
and ward uuuilier three, which Includes nil
that part of said city south of the said center
line oi Asyiuni arrcei continued ns atoresald;
nnd the llotml or Trustees, by ordinances, may
change the boundaries of said wards hereby
established. Knoll want Is entitled reelect two
Trustees, who shall hold their otllce lor two
years one of which shall be elected each year."
isee. M lint Mention 111 or Artie!., a of said
Act. to Incorporate the City of Kast. INirtland be
amended so ns to rend as tallows i
"Heo. 111. When a vnoimoy shall occur, the
niuird of Trustees shall appoint some iiorson
to fill such vacancy, who shall discharge the
duties of the oltlce lor the remainder of the un
expired term ; l'rovlded. That In ease the va
cancy Is In Ihe oftico of Trustee, tho iioraon np-
Ismiu-u lo no sucu vacancy snail no s.uccuiu
'mm tlie wnrd Imin which the Trustee was
orlcllially eleeted or appointed to till t he oMco;
of such Trustee which becomes vncuiit would
rmvuiei! runner, i nal in ease rue i-erin ol omee
not have expired on tho tenth dnv after the
Into of the next ensiilnif Keneral elect ion, then
the person so iipisilntril to till tho Name shall
only noiu i no saiu ouicit or uisennie me (tunes
thereot until the tenth day next from the date
of such election, at which cleotlon a Trustee
shall be elected by such wnrd tn nil such va
cancy for such unexpired term III the snme
manner imsices are eiucieu iu wnrus.
Hec. H. That Hecllon tor Arliclcoor said Act
tn Incorporate the City of Kast rorlland be
umendeu so as to read as follows t
"Mee. I. Tho duties nnd colnioiisellon of
the City Attorney, Treasurer, Htreet Commis
sioner ami Assessor are such s the Hoard of
Trustees shall or may prescrlta.. It shall h
the duty ol the Assessor to assess nil pnnierty
within the eorHirate limits of said t.'lty or Kast
Portland both real and personal, nnd nn dilu
tion Irediiclion shall be allowed on account of
Sen. t. Thnt Hert lon 1, of Article VII, of slid
Act to !t!corsriilo the city of Kast IVntland, as
amended by election IH, of nn amendatory Act,
approved October H-i, IST'J, Is' amended so us to
read as follows ;
"Mee. 1. The Hoard of Trustees la hereby cr-
pnwered to anthorUf the erection and repair of
private wharves and to regulate and lix tliu
rate of wliariiic t hereon ; to provide lor meas
uring and weighing hay, woisl nnd other com-
touMii ics iKiiiutn nuo sum in sato en y ;u license,
tax and ii-gutiile lintels, steamboat and steam
ship runners, hacks, cubs, hackneys, carriages.
wagons, carts, itrays, or other vehicles, ami to
tlx I be rates thereot. l'nivlded. 1 hat any resi
dent of th" Cllv of Portland, who lias taken
out a license under the provisions of the ohar
tcrnnd ordinances of smd City of PorlUnd,
shall be authorized tn deliver f.ellit packages.
Anil iiassengeis to and Iniiu said t'lty of Kast
rori iiinu, wuuout having iiiiicn out a license
under Hie Ihe provisions or tills Act."
Mee. r. lie it enacted flint Hecflotl I.I. of an
Act cut II led "An Actio itmcmt an Act entitled
An Act to lueorisirate the ctty of I'.ast Port
land,"' approved ( lelober :T, IS7J, be amended
so as to read as lo lows ;
M. Much warrant shall hnve the force
am! clfcrt of an execution against real proerty
nnd shall lie executed In llki) luniuier, exeet
us In this Chapter otherwise KiHichilly provld-
cti. I'l-ovhieii iiiii uer, i net an sales oi real
properly, for the non-payment of tax or street
assessments shall Is, iniide In sum city at the
iiincll Clou n her disir and notion of such sale
ny be published III such newspaper, as here
inbefore moid limed, and Ills Hoard may u-
rhlc the ilccnnlcr to PHI upon said properly.
lor the pity, lo the amount of such tax or ns-
sessmenl, iiml expense or sale, and no more,
and It there be no higher bidder therefor the
same shall bo struck olf to said city, and It
shall be a inirchnscr there? uisin the name
terms as other purchasers, una hold and dls
leisoorthe suine tor Its licncnt. When real
propeny is siun lor ucnioiuf m nixes or assess
ments the person executing the same must
Immediately execute to the purchaser a cer-
tlllciite of salo of tint properly Hold, tn said
purchaser sett lug lorl h therein n description
of the proH.rl.y sold. th uiiiulint II sold for,
the year In which the tax was levied, the
nnmeortlie purchaser, and unit tne nam is
llliuln subject lo redumption within IhnH. year.i
from the date of the oertllleate. The ownernr
his successor In Interest or any person havlnfr
a lien by Judgment, decree or mortgage on nny
part thereof sold sepsrately, may redeem the
same 111 such muiliioriiA Is provided In Keel ion
H7 ol Chapter 67 of the CihIo In relation to the
collection of taxes under the geocral laws of
IhlsHtsle, Alter three years Imm the date of
such crtllleate the Marshall shall, If no ro
dctnttlloh shall have been Imulo. execute to
the purchaser his heirs or assigns, a deed or
conveyance, reciting or stating a ticscriptinii oi
tne properly soul, tile niiiouiil inn, tne year ill
which I he tax wits levied, that I ho lax was un
paid at the I iinu of the sale, and noretlempl Ion
lias been made, and such deed hereafter exe
cuted shall operate lo convey n legal and eoull
nble title lo the lairclinser, sold In fen simple
to the grantee named 111 the deed nnd Usin the
delivery of such detul, nil the proceedings re
tllllrell or directed by law III relation to the
levy, Assessment ami cn! Ice! Inn of the taxes or
assessments, nnd I lie sale or t lie pros,rty shall
lie presumed regular, ulul to hnve been had
untl done iu pursuance of law, and such tt-c!
shall be prima hide evidence of lltic Iu the
grantee, anil such onisuiiiptleii and such prima
-facie i-rblenee sliH not be-tU,.pliL!, er avoided
except by proof of either
1, l-'raiid In the assessments or onllccllon of
Ihe tax or assessment.
i. Payment ot tho tax before sale, or rcilcinp.
lion after the Hale,
, That the payment nr redemption was pre
vented by tint Ira ml of the purchaser.
i. Thill, the pros-rty waa sold lor taxes, for
which the owner of the prois-riy at the time of
the sale was not liable, and that no part of the
lax was levied or assessed uisin the properly
Hee. H. Inasmuch as vacancies nrn liable to
occur hi I he olllce or Trustee ot sa hi city, and It
Is Imisirliiut to reserve to the doctors therein
the Htitborlty to lilt the sums when practicable,
this Act shah tnkc elfcet Iroin and alter Its at
proval by the t'oveninr.
Approved l tcUils-r 2H, IHTI,
Attest; H, K. CMAnWKJK.
Meerclary ol State.
A hoarding houso lady complained
that she hnd broken a knif'u in tfying
to out the butler, nnd attributed it to
the extreme cold weather. Ono of
the hoarders modestly suggested that
it might !iu on account of IhcsLrunclli
of tliu butler ilsoll. The utrentth of
tho remark had a wcahnmnt c licet on
the niter conversation, "
An inebriate stranger precipitated
himself down stairs, nnd on striking
tho lauding reproachfully apostro
phized himself with: "II you'd been
a-wantiu' to como down stairs, why
ill thunder didn't you say so, you
wooden headed old fool, an' I'd a come
wiih yon, an' showed you the way?"
No, Mr. Indiana man, we don't
want lo buy any autographs of Geo.
Washington at $3.50 each. We can
write all wo want, and tin as well ns
Washington used to.
The schoolmaster 'has gone sway
with King Kalaknuha. "Homade
I'itis," in large black loiters on paste
board, is a sign in a biker's window
in iho Quaker City.
A littlo American luil who hail just
co-iiiiicniif .1 reading the newspapers,
asked his father if ' lion." prolixed to
lliu name ol a member of ('ont-rcss
The New Haven Vtower relates
that an actor nt one ol lh theatres
was called out three times in one eva
ning, not long ago twice by the
herill' and once by a tailor.
Business aotlcos in tho Lonal Calumns. sn
sent! per lino, eaoh insertion.
for legal and transient alvrtisniemts 2 GO
per square of 13 lines, for th. Drit insertion,
ndSl 00psriqus.ni for sacs subse-picat i.
The Pennsylvania Republican Stale
Convention will be hold at Lancaster,
ill Wisconsin Le"islature lias ad
journed, the only important work ac-
uornpusned being the election ot a
United States Sonator and the amend
ing of the Railroad law.
J he Jlartford Timet thinks that .
good citizens will not regret the final
end of tho Radical Congress that has
legislated so largely in the interest of
corruption and oppression.
ihe I'sunsylvsma Senate has nnan
imcusly passed the bill for the punish- ,
ment of persons writing threatening
Leroy Brown. United StalesMarshnl
of the Southern District of Mississippi, '
has been removed, pending Die inves
tigation of charges of malversation
mado against him.
The Stalos in which the Civil Rirdita
hill has caused tho greatest commotion
are, strangely enough,, among those
of tho South which have been the best
governed and most peaceable since
tho war Virginia and Tennosaee.
for instance ! '"' '
The Union VeraUl of Columbia.
S. C, exposes, by suggestive figures,
one of tho metheds by which lbs
Treasury of that prostrate Stats is
depleted. The public printing coin- '
pany demands, tor alleged printing
for the Slats duriDs; th nasi year, the
sum of $202,889, to be charged scainst,
the Supply hill. In comparison with
this, 1 he union Jlerald shows that the
outlay for printing of ten States, with
an aggregate population of over 12,-
OUO.UOO, ami taxable property of $1,-
"01.4(1,14, is only $2S1.0ol. The,
population ot South Carolina is 705,
80B, and the taxable property onlv
$141,624,950. r. ' e
AN IMPORTANT INVENTION.
William L, Powleson. the engineer
in charge f the boilers and machin
ery in the Cosmopolitan Hotel, has
lately received a patent for an im
provement in smoke-consuming fur
naces. The invention is attracting
much attention among furnace men
and others, nnd is destined to exer-' :
eise an important influence upon all
interests identified with steam ea- ;
ginooring. Tho invention consists .s
simply iu carrying steam from the ,
drum through a pipe into a super
heater and conveying ' it ' thence 11
through smaller pipes under the fur- ,
mice to four nozzles which are set in
the f rout of the tire chamber above
tho burning fuel. Each ol these
nozzles discharges ft fan-tail jet or
spray of hyurogen gas, spreading
horizontally across the burning fuel,
Thus a complete mixture of the
smoke and steam is effected and the
carbon in tho former while burning
intensifies the heat. No smoke es
capes, it being all consumed by this
process. Tho How of steam is regu
lated by a stop cock to the amount
dosirod fur burning the smoke, Mr. .
Powleson having been placed in 1
charge of a furnace in which he
could got little or no draft, went to :
work a year ago and made some ex
periments to remedy the difficulty.
While thus engaged the idea of in
troducing superheated steam into tho
furnace occurred to him, and after
several attempts to do so he at last ,
mot with success. A saving of near-,
ly thirty per cent, in the amount of
fuel required the absence of all soot 1
from tbo rlucs, and the rapid creation .
of intense heat are among the princi
pal fruitsof this invention. I tn appli
cation to the smelting of ores will
greatly cheapen the cost of reduction. 1
Tlicpatont is to be applied . to the
boilers in the Pulac Hotel and also
in the Mint.r Chronicle. .
Nt issouietaa. .
An execu live office the hangman's.
Common pleas please shut the
(loOr. !.u; J.
The scale of good breeding B nat
ural. A dark subject the Civil Rights
Hills that are not very light gas
bills. ; -
A hoavy robbery stealing railroad
How to invest in a lottery,
A poor relation telling au anec
Carpets are bought by the yard anil
worn by the foot
' ' A bow that is much prised by the
lair ones tho elbow.
The pole that many theories are
hung on tho North Pole. t
Waiating sweetness putting your
arm about a pretty woman.
What Slate is round at both ends,
and high In the middle? Ohio.
Tho transit ot Venus a prolty miss
tripping gracefully throngh the strests.
As yon cannot avoid yourown com-'
pany make it as good as possible.
Iustead of saying "look up," the
Tsxnn exolsims: "See hyar, old tub
low''' . , ;
Mrs. liuecher is an awful homely
woman, but then her bread is never
Habit is a cable. Every day we
weave a thread and soon we cmnoi
It is the high pries of slide penuds
that is driving tho saloon keepers to
Mrs. Gubbina says her husband i
like a tallow candle; he always wi!t
smoke when he goes out.
Married recently, Mr. S. Wei's t
Miss M. Hull. It might ha p-tu s ,id
that "alls woll that ends well."
Two things in this world tl , .' ,ul I
not be trilled with a woman ee.ii
ion, and tl.e business end of a .;-:i.
".May Heaven bless aud 1 v i
from your own true love, ! i
Unm'ck," was thow.iy the lot n i
j "Teeth in exchange for '
or potiitoes," is wti.it an em.-,
dentist in one of Ihe Mai I