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About The state rights democrat. (Albany, Or.) 1865-1900 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 4, 1870)
BATES OF ADVERTISING s ni TAs On '
Column, $100 ; Hslf, Column, $60 ; Quarter Col-Column,
STATE RIGHTS DEMOCRAT.
rUBLtiaiD KVCaY FRIDAY IT
' MART. V. BROWN!
OFFICE IN PARRISH'S.BLOCK. FIRST STREET.
TERMS, is advascb: One year, $3 j Six Months
t'; Ona Month, 50 ets.$ Single Copies, 1J eta.
Correspondent wnung over assumed signatures
r anonymously, mako know their proper
4e to th. Editor, or no attention will b. gWen
OFFICE OF SCHOOL SUP'RINTEND'T
O O TJ 1ST T "ST,
' AT HARRISBURG.
G. F. SETTLEMIER, '
Drnggist and Apothecary!
DEALER IX DaUOS. MEDICINES. OILS.
p.inU, Window Glas, DTestulTs, Liquor,
laacy Soaps. Brushes. F.rfu merits, Ae.
PrescriptioM Carefully Compounded.
All art eres "1 Drugs in our liao wananted of
tb best quality.
First street. Port OOeo building. Albany.
: X. S. Dl) BOIS, .
COXSTAXTLT OX HAXD AXD RECEIV
IXQ a largo stock of Groceries and Provl
ias. Wood and Willow Ware, Tobacco, Cigar,
Confectionery, Yankee Notion, cte.,eto.
X-Opposite K. C. Hill Son' Drug Store, Al
bany. Oregon. junlwrao-t-ljl
D. B. RICE, M. D.,
rilTSICIAX AXD SUBCEOX,
s-Offiee: On Sou.h aide of Main, ftreet.
W..itne i On Second street, opposite Pearee'
1TT0MIT m COUSSEUOR AT LAW,
Omci-In Xoreros' Brick Building, up-stairs
Abaay, Oregon, n
JOIIS J. WIIITXEY,
ITTOMET A5D COUSSELLOl AT LAW
ud Notary Public
Special attention given to collection.
Orrica la the Court Uoue.
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW.
OBea up itaira
over Brrnuer (tore,
tbe Post Office,
J. C. POWKLU FLW.
POWELL & FLIX.X,
ATTORNEYS ASD COUSSELLORS AT
LA W ASD SOLICITOUS IX CIIAXCEBY.
" . (L. Flinn, Notary Public.)
ALB AN V, Oregon. Collection and convey
ances promptly attended to. oc20nl01y
r IIILTABIOEL fc CO.,
DHALEBS IX GROCERIES AXD PROVI
sious, Wood aud Willow Ware, Confection
ary. Tobaeeo, Cigar. Pipe. Notion, ete. fetore
a Maino atreet, adjoining the Express office Al
bany. Oregon. .c-'SrSa.tf
CHAIRS AND TURNING!
ALL SIZES OP
RAW-HIDE BOTTOMED CHAIRS !
f the best quality, weU-fiuUbed, can be bad at
Also, all kind of TURNING done to order.
Timber for Hub on band and fixed for turning
ifMeUler' Chairs are kept on band by E. B.
Xooaa A Co., Harruburg.
' fogiviniSyl. J. M. METZLER.
J. C. MENDENHALL.
NOTARY PUBLIC, '
Jogal la strum en U of ail kinds made and attested:
, Conve vanee and Collections promptly
ALBANY BATH HOUSE 1
THE UNDERSIGNED WOULD RESPECT
fullv inform the citizens of Albany and vi-
eiaity that bo baa taken charge of tbis EstablUh-
- meat, and, by keeping elean rooms ana paying
strict attention to business, expects to suit allibose
who may favor him with their patronage. Having
heretofore carried on nothing bnt
First-Class Hair Dressing Saloons,
no orpeet to rive entire satisfaction to all
29Cbildiea and Ladies' Hair neatly cut and
ahampoood. JOSEPH WEBBER.
FROM AN J5UILDING! v
WHEAT AND FLAX-SEED DEPOT !
Clriiin; ind Elevating Capacity 16,000
Bnxheli per Day!
150,000 Bushels Wheat Wanted in Store!
SO,000 Sacks for tboae wbo wish to tell or
tore with n. '
Vfax-Seed Contractor of Pioneer Oil Co. will call
on u for sack.
T5n51yl. E. CARTWRIGHT.
PITT'S CHALLENGER THRESHER !
, t And All Kinds of
Agricultural Implements !
" ' . For Salo by-
gLAIN, YOUNG & CO.,
rdnVltf. ' "Albany, Oregon.
. : ' ' roa : ;.; :
MALES AND FEMALES.
YEAR DIVIDED IlffTO THREE SESSIONS.
Tuition (per Session of 3i months,) from
So to $13, according to (todies.
MALE BOARDING HOUSE, bv Prof. J. Em:
ery. Board, including room, fuel and lights, $50
per session (14 weeks). . Washing, $5 per sesxion.
- Teuns: One-half in advance . and the other
sail at the close of the session.
clvn5tf W. A. FINLEJ, A. M.,
. r president.
THE NEW ENGLAND
LIFE INSURANCE COMPN'Y
' OF nosTox.
The Oldest Purely Mutual Life Insurance Co.
in the United States.
INCORPORATED, - - - -
Dividend of :lii Company are paid ANNUALLY
to the A uned, in I AMI.
It wa ebertered in 1S.15. and it enviable history,
daring Twenty-Six Year' active operation ba
thorrugbly establiabed it reliability.
Its Record Stand as Follows i
Cash AiU. January, 1S70...........$9 .000.000 00
Cash Dividend of ISfis
Cash Dividend of 1S67 ......
.. "80,197 86
.. 4,ono,uu oo
,. 4,200,000 00
Cash Distributions of 1868.,
Caxh Dividend ir 1. SC ......
Total Surplus divided
Total Losses paul
tk Af of .liwirlKin, incorporated into
tk General Stutoteo nf 1804. a polirn of Ufa
nni for Ike bene fit of a MAKKIElt WO.M AS
ok A A 1 r&iisu.v uk rnKuvAS srt,vt-
I'lEIK got to tkem independently of tkm Ittbm am J
Liabilttict of like J'ortjKAo effect the 1'iAiry
The New Encland U the oply MaaebuMtt
Company doing bunine on tbe I'aeiOe Coait. and
therefore the onlv Com pan? governed by tbe
equitable RlaBMchtMctta Laps Law.
EXAMPLE SHOWINa THE WORKINGS OF THIS LAW
Plan Ordinary Life.
FOR EXAMPLE: A party inimring nt the
ae of tbiriytive, I rem turn all Cash
One Annual Premium will continue policy
tn force 2 year niul S ilay.
Exasplb: J'mnium all Ctuh Age, 35
Plun, Ten-Year Kndowinent. pnynMe n
the age of 4o. One Annual J'rciiiium will
continue policy in lorce aa a unu full
ef, 7 jrenra.
If jon wih to make it absolutely rertain Ibat
not a dollar vcu inrert will ever be forfeited a-
more im tkm Xtm t'mylamd.
If yon wish to get your dividend witb the ec
ond annual payment, and annually increasing on
tbe contribution plan, that' is to cr-T JfT waT
It I due JHr ta tkm -ic Lfiliimd
NO STOCKHOLDERS n THIS COMPANY.
It t)U'inc( in Linn county in tbe last year an
a half exceed that of all other companies com
V ' IJeneial Agent".
San Krancweu, CaL
S. EX. notsRrocc,
Agt fur Orpein and Wa.bintoB Ter.
J AN EM LLUI.M, Ag't.
, Anor, OaKtio.
w. . rLKi.ts.
ELKINS & SON,
One of the Oldest Scrcanlilc Firms in Lino
WE ARE NOW RECEIVING A
NEW AND FRESH STOCK OF GOODS!
DIRECT FKOra THE EAST!
Wbicb will be S"11 at the Very Cheapest Figures!
Offering every indoeincnt to tiieir old
customers and other to
. . purchase their
DRY GOODS AND '. CLOTHING!
Hats and lap. Boots and Shoes!
BUILDING MATERIALS HARDWARE.
PAINTS AND OILS, A Speelal Feature !
Quick Sale, Small Profit and Prompt Pag
L. ELKINS & SON.
Lebanon, April I, 18' 0 v5n3m6.
DALLES CITY...........0REG0X. (
UADLEY fc SIXXOTT, Prop'rs,
THIS WELL KNOWN FIRST-CLASS HOUSE
having been recently repaired and renovated
turougbout, oner superior accommodation and
gives better satisfaction to the Traveling Public
tban any Hotel in Dalles City. It i the only
rirst-ClaM Hotel tn the City, ana really tb only
Hotel the Traveling Community patronize.
Suits of Booms for Families, and Superior
Accommodations for 300 Guests I
Tbis Hotel is located near tbe Steamboat Landing
anu jvanroau vepot.
THE. HOTEL OMNIBUS
Will always be at the Railroad Depot and
Steamboat Landing on th,e arrival of Passencers.
to eonvcy tnein una toeir baggage to and from
tbe Hotel free of charge. Particular attention
paid to calling guests in tbe morning for the boat
ana ear ; ana extra attention paid to seeing fam
ilies off on tbe cars and boat. '
S3TThey have two Inree FIRE-PROOF
SAFr.S in tbe office, for tbe nse nf their guest.
x?7-Moiei open an mzut in cnaree or a care
ful Watchman. In connection with tbe Hotel
they bovo a fine
Billiard Saloon and Beading Boom !
March 11, 1870-v5n30tf.
"VfOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT I,
i tbe nnderslened have been duly appointed
by tbe County Court of tbe County of Linn, State
or urcgon. Administratrix or ttie estate or Kmlth
Williams, deceased. ' '
, All persons baring claim against said estate
are hereby requested to present tbem.witb proper
vouchers, within six months from tbis date, at the
residence of the said Adminii tratrix, six miles'
southeast of Peoria, Linn eonnty, Ore;en.
Dated Oct. I, m0-n8w4. Adm'x,
XTOTICE IS nEREBV GIVEN THAT THE
JJ undersigned i as been, by tbe County Court
oi uinn county, etaie or uregotr, uuiy appointed
numiuiniraixix ui ino estate OI W. d. Kendall,
All persons boving claims against said estate
are nereoy requirea to present, tnem, with proper
Toucucre, 10 tus unnerDigneu at nor residence;
twelve miles south of Albany, Linn county, Ore
gon, within six months of tbe date hereof.
FRANCES B. KENDALL,
Duted. Sept. 0, 1870B7v6wi. Adm'x.
ALBANY, OREGON FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1870.
HIS CAREER A8 EMrEROIl
Incidents in Hia Lifefrom Childhood
to Hia Downfall.
The life of Charles Louis Napoleon
Bonaparte, full of romance aud ad
venture, shows what a man tan ac
complish by a concentration of all his
Eowers upon one purpose, lie woh
orn in Paris, April 20, 1808, and was
the j ouugat sou of Louis Bonaparte,
the brother of Napoleon the Grout,
and who was for a time, King of Hol
land, and Hortense, the daughter of
the Empress Josephine. A ncandal
which has trained considerable cie-
denco, from the reputation which Hor
tense, like other members of tue
Beauharnois family bore, has attribut
ed his paternal parentage to Count
FJttbnult, with whom Hortense hiin-
tamcd rather doubtful relations.
However, this may be, he was born in
the midst of unquestionable surround
ings, and his legitimacy further estab
lished by the Emperor and Empress
serving as sponsors at his baptism.
An eariy favorite of his uncle upon
bis return from l'Aba, be was taken
by him to the Camp de Mars, aud
there, nt the age of seven, presented
to tho Deputies of the people and the
army. When Napoleon embracea
him for the last time at Mahnaison,
previous to his departure for St. He
lena, both were much affected, the
child wishing to follow his uncle, and
being pacified with great difficulty bj
After tbe lmttle of Waterloo had
decided the fate of the Napoleonic dy-
nantr. Louis, in company with his
mother, took up his residence at Augn
burg, where he learned the German
language. bubsequcntly they re
moved to Switzerland, where they
passed their Summers, while in the
Winter they retired to Home.
The education of Louis Napoleon
during the continuance of the first
Empire and the residence of the fami
ly in Paris was superintended by his
mother, tbe Uaeen of Holland. Af
ter their retirement to Switzerland,
the principal tutor of the youth was a
m. .Lebos. 31. lx uxs being a stern
Republican, nud Louis being of an ir-
rej ressjble nature, his first convic
tions were those of Republicanism.
now short-lived they were, ana how
readily he could adapt himstlf to cir
cumstances, bis subsequent history
proves. For a time ho was at the
military academy of Thion, where he
made some progress in the science of
gunnery, but was not utstuiguished
for his brilliancy as a scholar.
HUB TO TH2 EMI'IBE.
The death of the Duke of Iteichstadt,
in 1832, left him the successor of Na-
loleon I., not by legitimate descent.
but bv the Imperial edicts of 1801 and
1805, which set aside the usual order
of descent and fixed the succession in
the fourth brother of Napoleon Lonis
instead of that of the elder brother,
Joseph. This was the beginning of
the ambitious career of Napoleon,
which ended only at Sedan. It fired
his soul with dreams of future power,
to tbe realization of which be ever af
terward directed his best energies
His Jleverirs Politique were written to
demonstrate the necessity of an Em
peror to the trim republican organiza
tion of r ranee. He afterward .ex
panded his work into the Idee Xarnh-
btonenmn, wherein tho plans of the
Emperor were extrolled and earnestly
commended to 1' ranee for adoption.
Not limiting himself to writing
books, he put himself in active com
munication with officers of the French
army, and in the early part of 1835
his design became evident, and, after
maturing his plans, he left Ahcrnberg
in June, 1830, for Baden-Baden. In
August he paid a secret visit lo Stras
bourg:, which he regarded as the most
vulnerable point for his attempt,
and. after securing promised co-oper
ation from fifteen of the officers of the
garrison, proceeded to Switzerland
while his adherents were perfecturg
the plot. The project, however, was
a miserable failure, and Louis was ta
ken prisoner, detained at Strasbourg
from October outn till .November utn
ard then conducte'd to Pans. His
life was spared on condition of his go-
mr to tbe . UniWd States. Ihis be
did. under protest, but soon returned
to Europe to find bis mother on her
death-bed in Switzerland. "
' : IN EXILE.,
In 1838, Lieut. Laity, one of Napo
leon s adherents, published with bis
sanction a favorable account of the at
tempt on Strasbourg, which was well
received in France. For this Laity
was sententenced to a five year s iin
prisonment and to pay a fine of five
thousand francs. These facts were
looked upon by the French, 'elemeh
as the commencement of a new out
break from Ahrenberg, and 'they ac
cordingly asked that. Louis be driven
from Switzerland. Some of. the can
tons being indisposed to thus trample
upon the rights of one who had made
himself a citizen of tbe country, France
sent an army to the frontier to sup
port her demands, if necessary, by
force. Louis quitted the country and
took refuge , in England, where , he
planned, bis , , , :
; . . - second, attempt:
To gain the throne of France On
the 10th of August, 1840,. be landed
near Boulogne, at the head of a nartv
of fifty-five adherents, including Count
Montholon and General Voisin. But
one man. w the garrison responded
to bin fliunmons to join hn Htandard,
and after some maneuvering about the
town ho was captured while trying to
Oficape to his steamer. In October he
was put upon his trial before one hun
dred and fifty of the peers of France,
many of whom wore indebted to his
uncle for their ranks aim titles.
Mr. Berryer, the great French ad-
ocate, appeared as counsel for Louis,
aud made a clever but vain defense.
ie .was sentenced to perpetual im
prisonment, and his adherents for va
rious terms ranging from five to twen
ty years. He was shortly afterward
conveyed to the citadel, of Ham, where
he spent six yours of his eventful
life. On the 25th of May, 1845, he
rom Ham in disguise, and thus de
ceiving the vigilance of the guards, be
crossed the frontier into Belgium, aud
from thence went to England, where
ie resided until the Paris revolution
of 1848, aud tho downfall of Louis
'hillippo. lie was at once elected a
Representative in the National Assem
bly, and soon afterward
Of tho French republic, by an over
whelming vote. At this period he
ladadiflieult game to play, htle
embracing every opportunity to re
vive the most agreeable and glorious
recollections of his uncle's rule, it was
necessary for him to make the most
earnest protestations of devotion to
tepubbcau principles and the most
zealous disavowal of all ambitious de
But this deception lasted scarcely
three years, and on December 2, 1851,
mving imprisoned every statesman in
'arts from whom be would bo likely
to encounter opjiosition, dissolved the
Assembly, aud seized tho most distin
guished Generals who were suspected
of disaffection, he proclaimed himself
Dictator. He then offered himself to
the people as a candidate for the of
fice of President for theteimof ten
years, and tolerating no opponent,
was, of course, triumphantly elected
A constitution conferring upon bun
absolute sovereign power was pro
claimed, and under it be ruled for one
I ben he appealed to the people
again, and in response tho Empire was
restored, with himself upon thej
throne, by such a majority as made
tho vote practically unanimous. The
goal at last reached, and the second
Empire was proclaimed on December
2, 1852, the anuiversary of the coup
d'etat, and Charles Louis Napoleon
Bonaparte awi-nded the throne as
"Napoleon III., Emperor of the
French, by the grace of (sod and the
will of the French jieople." The rec
ognition of his imperial station was
gradually made by the leading Pow
ers of Europe,. Great Britain taking
tbe lead, and for nearly eighteen years
he has reigned without interruption
from within or without.
On the 20th of 'January, 1853, lie
married Eugene Mario do Guzman,
Countess de Teba, a scion of an old
noble family of Spain. In company
with her he aid a visit to England in
April, 1855, being received with gen
eral favor by both the court and the
people, ami made a Knight of the
Garter by the Queen. On March ICth,
lHoO, the Empress gave birth to a boy,
known as tbe Prince Imperial, and
bearing- the special cosrnoinen of Na-
p61cou Eugene Louis Jean Joseph.
The birth of this "blessed baby" was
the occasion of great rejoicing through
SUBSEQUENT HI STOUT.
In 1854 he embarked in the war
against uussia, wmcir was waged in
alliance with England, Sardinia and
Turkey, and terminated successfully
by the fall of Sfcbastopol in 185G. On
England fell tho hardest part of the
fichtinir. while France reaned the
greater share of the glory and profits
resulting from it. larly in IojS an
attempt was made upon the Emperor's
life by one Orsini, who had concocted
his plans in England, in connection
with Dr. Bernard, a Frenchman resid
ing in London. Lord Palmerston
therefore attempted to , amend the
English criminal code, so that it would
apply effectively to such conspiracies,
and defeat in 1'arliament led to tem
porary suspension of the cordial rela
tions between the two countries. But
these were soon rest ored, although
Dr. Bernard was acquitted by an Eng
lish jury. In 1859-'60, the Emperor
espoused the cause of Victor Emanuel
against Austria,' and in peison led an
army to his assistance, defeating the
enemy on several decisive fields, and
terminating the war by the victory of
Solferino, J une 24, 1800. Uy the
peace of Villa France, July 11th, Aus-
tna ceded Eombardy to Victor Eman
uel; whose territory was further in
creased , by the annexation : 6f the
duchies, Napoleon being recompensed
by tbe cession of Savoy and some neu
tral Swiss territory to France. -
' ' " THE MEXICAN FIASCO.' ' 1 '
In 18C1 he became a party with Eng
land and Spain in the assult upon the
Mexican Bepublic. When his allies
discovered that he had ulterior objects
in view, and was intent upon some
thing more than the mere ; vindication
of the rights of foreigners, they aban
doned hiro.; but Napoleon caused his
troops to regain, and persisted in an
effort at letting up the Archdude Max
imilian of , Austria as Emperor. "The
whole project was a wretched failuro,
not less for France than; for Maximil
ian, and great dissatisfaction was ex
pressed at home because of the Em
peror's interference. Finally he aban-
"' ' ; s..! ' - ', - , ' : - .'
doned Mexico, leaving the unfortunate
Archduke to his fate, in answer to the
repeated protests of the Government
of the United States, the lost detach
ment of the French troop evacuating
the country early in 18G7. - '
LITERARY LA DOBS.
Once after his ascent of the throne
the Emperor returned to his literary
labors, publishing in 18G5 the first
volume of an elaborate work entitled
"Histoire de Jules Ctesar." . The lit
erary and historical merits of the work
were unquestioned, as its impenal au
thor enjoyed unusual facilities in its
preparation. It was printed at the
Imperial Printing Office, and the pre
face bote the date of March 20, 18(52.
English and French editions of it were
soon brought out both in this country
TUB LATEST PEIUOD
Of the reign of Louis Napoleon, Em
peror of tbe French, has been stormy
indeed. The opposition to tbe Em
pire and Napoleon dynasty has steadi
iy gained strength, and threatened to
soon establish a republic in i ranee.
ltocbefort and other audacious jour
nalists lampooned the "son of his un
cle, and incited the lleds of I'ans to
once more arouse. . The vote polled
by the opposition in May, 1809, show
ed such an alarming increase that
Napoleon at once became alarmed,
and proclaimed in the tmutlua con$ull-
um of September certain reforms, in
answer to the demands of the people
Still further warned by the boldness
of tbe Liberal party in the Corps Leg-
lslatiff, be finally professed to aban
don tbe system of personal govern
ment and an irresponsible Ministry,
which had been inaugurated by the
coup d' tial in 1851, and on the 2nd of
January of the present year. Emile
Olbvier, tbe leader of tbe more mod
erate Liberals, was called to tbe head
of tbe Ministry; but this concession
did not serve to satisfy the people, and
in the disturbances which followed
tbe arrest and imprisonment of Iloche-
fort, tbe editor of La JIarculaute. in
January last, a formidable uprising in
I'ans was only averted by the pres
ence of a veteian army of 100,000.
When ltocbefort was safely disposed
of for six months, another appeal to
the people was made, and the plebis-
t ituin of May, which received about
7,350,OUO affirmatives to about 1,550,
000 negative votes nominally ratified
the so-called reforms m the constitu
tion which had been inaugurated by
the Emperor at various times.
Josh 1Ju.i.in's Prayer. From tu
ruenny friend, and from tbiogn at luce
end, good lord deliver a.
I roin n wild who don t lor u, and
from children who dou'l look like us,
;ond Lord deliver us.
From anaix io the grans, from aoaix in
our boot, trout ttircrt lito proeemions.
id front all new rum, good Lord de
From pack-peddlcr, front yoong
1k in love, from old aunt without
monney, irom Koiera morbus, good loru
Front newspaper sel, and from pill
that tint fiiaik, from females that faint.
and from tnen who flutter, good Lord
From wclth without chsritee, front
prido without sence, Irom pedigree worn
out, and irom all rich relations, good
Lord deliver us.
From virtue without fragrance, from
butter that smells, from nigger camp-
meetings, and from cats that are court
ing, good Lord deliver us. ,
r rom oiu loin secrets, ana irom ur
own, Irom mectum and wimmen commit
tees, good Lord deliver ua.
3 From polytiahuns who pra. and from
aaiots who tipple, from ri cuffi, red her
rings, and awl grass wtddera, good Lord
deliver us. ' -
From folks who won't la ft", and from
them who giggle, from tight boot, easy
virtues, and ram mutton, good .Lord de
liver us. '
How Good Farmers Save Money.
They take good newspapers and read
They keep account of farm operations.
, They do not loavo their implements
scattered over tho farm, exposed to snowd
rain and heat.
They repair their tools and buildings
in a proper time, and do not suffer a three
fold expenditure of time and money.
They use their money judiciously, and
do not attend auction suleB to purchase all
kinds of trumpery because it is cheap.
They see that their fences are well re
paired, and their cattlo not grazing in
their meadows, or orcnarus or gram-
fields. .' ;.' .
They do pot ' refuse to make correct
experiments in a small way, of many new
things. ,- ,,-
1 hey plant their Iruit trees well, care
for them, and of course, get good crops,
lhey practice econcmy by giving
there stock good shelter during the win
ter ; also good, food, taking all that is un
sound, halt rotten, . mouldy, out. '
Lastly, they take their county papers
read tho ndvertisuients, know what is
going on, and frequently save money
by it. " ;vv: -:.. . 3-. .
Successful farming is made by atten
tion to little things. Tie farmer who
does his best, earns his money with best
appreciation; ana uses 11 wun oesi results,
Suuh men are the salt of tho earth. '
dense fog a Mississippi steamer
landing. A traveler, anxious to go
ahead, cqiue to the unperturbed manager
of the wheel and asked why the boat
had stopped. ! . '. ; k
. VToo much fog ; ua n't see the river,
. "But you can see the stars overhead,
'Yes :" replied the urbane pilot. Vbut
till the 'biler bursts we ain't going that
Passenger went to bed satisfied.
TIIE VETO MESSAGE.
Executive Okkk-e, )
Salem, Oas., Oct. 27, 1870.
To the UonoralAti the Senate of Die State
According to the requirements of
the Constitution, I herewith return
Senate Bill No. IT, "An act to amend
an act to incorporate tbe city of Port-
and, approved October 14th. 18G4.
and to amend an act approved Octo
ber 21st, 1870, entitled an act to
amend an act entitled an act to incor
porate the city of Portland, approved
October 14th, 18C4. and to amend an
act entitled an act to amend an act en
titled an act to incorporate the city of
I'oruana, approved Uctober 14tb,
1804, and approved tbe 18th day of
October, 1808, and to amend an act
entitled an act to amend an act enti
tied an act to incorporate the city of
x'oniana, approved Uctober 14th,
1804, and approved October 24th
18GG, without executive approval
wnicn jl nerewitn hie with tbe Secreta
ry of State with my objections there
The bill composed chiefly of two
sections provides, in effect, in the first
section, that the indebtedness of the
city of Portland must never exceed in
the aggregate the sum of one hun
dred thousand dollars, and any debt
or jiauuity incurred in violation of tbis
section, whether by borrowing money,
loaning tbe credit of the city or otber-
wise, is nun ana void and of no effect.
but the city of Portland may incur an
additional indebtedness not exceed
ing three hundred thousand dollars in
manner and for the purpose following
that is to say if any person or persons
shall cause or procure the Willamette
vaiiey liauway uompany heretofore
incorporated under tbe laws of tbis
State by articles of incorporation filed
in tbe office of tbe Secretary of State.
me yiu day 01 July, lfcwo, or any oth
er Company to commence and con
struct their road or, ttack from and
within the limits of the city of Port
land, and if such person or persons
shall cause or procure said Railway
Company to locate, construct and es
tablish iU terminal depot on the west
side of the Willamette river and with
in tbe limits of said city as aforesaid,
then and upon those conditions said
city is authorized by and thorough its
Mayor and Common Council to pro
vide by ordinance for making and is
suing its seven per cent, gold coupon
bonds payable in twenty years for sum
of three hundred thousand dollars, the
interest thereon to be paid semi-annually.
That so soon and as often as five
miles of said road or track, commenc
ing at said terminal depot aforesaid,
and going westerly towards Forest
Grove, aud then southerly toward
McMinnville, is completed and con
structed, forty thousand dollars of
said bonds slndl become the property
of said person or persons, and shall be
delivered to them by the proper offi
cers 01 said city.
lhe second section authorizes the
city of Portland, in addition to other
taxes, to levy a special tax to pay the
interest on these bonds, and to pro
vide or raise the necessary funds by
special taxation, or otherwise, to pay
the principal sum of said bonds as the
same Bball become due.
In considering this bill, the first in
quiry should be is it consistent with
the spint and terms of out State Con
stitution? In Section 0 of Article 11 of that in.
strument, upon the subject of corpo
rations and internal improvements, we
have the following provision:
Sec. y. Ao county, city. town, or
other municipal corporation, by vote
of its citizen, or otherwise, shall be
come a stock-holder in any joint stock
company, corporation or association
whatever, or raise money for, or loan
its credit to, or in aid of, any such com
pany, corporation or association."
From this clause of the Constitution
we arrive at the conclusion that it was
the purpose of tho framers of that in
strument to erect a substantial barrier
in our fundamental law against all
connections of counties, cities and
towns, and other municipal corpora
tions in this State, with speculative
enterprises outside their own legiti
mate workings, lhey cannot become
stock-holders of any joint stock com
pany, corporation or association, nor
route' money for, nor loan their credit
to or in aid of any such company, cor
poration or association. These words
are plain and direct. Do they pro
hibit the enactment of such a law as
the one under consideration?
This bill provides that the city of
Portland shall raise money to the
amount 01 ouu.wu lor any person or
persons who Bbau cause or procure a
certain railway company, or any other
company, to moke their terminal - de
pot and begin the construction of their
road or track within the city of Port
land, and proeeed thence with, their
work in a given direction and to a
given distance. ' ; ' ,
The wording of the bill is peculiar
and circutious, and apparently framed
to avoid contact with this clause of
the Constitution; for it is claimed
that while the prohibition clearly ex
tends to joint stock companies, corpo
rations and associations, it does not
extend to "person or persons,' -1 fail
to pee the exception here claimed. A
corporation is a "person" in law, and
the joining of "persons" in an ' inter
est or enterprise constitutes an associ
-'The ' .Willamette Valley Railway
Company, or . any other corporation,
as a person in law, fulfilling- the con
ditions of its provisions, could take
the subsidy granted by this bill, if it
should become a law, directly- and
without the intervention of any one,
Transient Advertlsenent per .Square of tea ,
iocs or le of tbis (ized type J flrt inftriioo, $3
each ubeaut)t fDiertion,$1, , :
A sqoaro b one Ineh in space down tbe column
eonnting eats, display lines, blanks, Ac, ae solid
matter. No advertisement to be considered leea .
tban a square, and all fractions counted a fall;
square. All advertistatcnt knsertcd for a WaV-
period tbaa tbirao mont'us to bo tcgaittcd a traav
sient. , . - - .
which is positively forbidden by , the
I also, think that this hill in its,
framework and, purpose, to be against.
tbe spirit and tenor of the Constitu
tion. It proposes to raise money by
taxation for objects not therein con-
templated or authorized, and to yield
this bar would be to open one of the
most dangerous doors at which clash-,
ing interests and growing speculation
are now knocking. If a eity can oe.
thus placed under a bonded debt this.'
year, a county can ' be placed under-'
mortgage next - year, and. while the.
State may be saved from general debt,
by careful management it may be,
loaded down by the weight of local
liabilities. , . -
Section five of the article before.
cited provides that acts of the Legis-v
lative Assembly incorporating towns
and cities, shall restrict their powers
of taxation, borrowing money, con
tracting debts and loaning their credit.
At tbe present session of the legis
lative Assembly, an act has been pass-,
ed authorizing the city of Portland
for general and special purposes, to
extend its liabilities to half a xnillion
of dollars, including provision for city
gas and water works. To extend tho
privilege of contracting debts to the
sum of $800,000, not including inter- '
est thereon, in an incorporated city of
ten thousand inhabitants, I -do not be-,
lieve would be such a restriction upon
the contraction of debts as. was con-,
templated by the framers of the Con-.'
This Bill is objectionable on another
ground. I believe that without refer
ence to constitutional limitations, this,
bill goes beyond the jkjw&jt of the
Legislature to impose a tax upon a
people. To make a tax legitimate it
must be for a private purpose. Taxa
tion f or,tbe benefit of an individual or.
a corporation upon considerations real
or speculative, can never be upheld.
Lpon this point I cannot better ex-
EresM myseu man in me woras 01 a,
itc decision of tbe Supreme Court o
tbe State of New York, used in refer
ence to a similar caw;
"la ether acta, stock, or some pretended equiv
alent m contest plated as a eonsideratiM lor tb
bid lo be utrmrd. Bat this act authorize a do-
nsttoa pure aal simple in otber woids, tbe Leg
islature has id io authorise, tbroasb tbe in.-,
strnaentalitjr wf eonuiiaiiier and tiio taxing
aerertr, tbe tskiag of a certain amount of tba
property of on corporation and donating it to a a-,
otber. If this can be done, it is a legal robberj,
less respectable tban highway rubber?, in this.,
that the perpetrator of the la'Ur assumes tbe dan
ger anj infamy of tbe act. while this act baa ta
tbield of legislative isresfoasibilitjr."
While I do not join in tbe harshness
and imputation embodied m these
words of this decision, I regard the'
drift oi its authority to be most whole
some and valuable.
For the foregoing reasons I have
failed to approve said li 1, and here-'
with hie the same in tbe omce of the'
Secretary of State, with my objections
thereto, this 27th day of October,
1870. L. F. G ROVER, Governor. ,
Welcome lines lo yovag ladies Mascu
"Little Wee Dog is the ancestor olP
Napaleon went to Sc-Dan, bnt unfor
tunately he taw William,
When is a blow from a lady welcomed?
When ahe strikes agreeably. :'.i t
An Omaha three-year-old . asked its
mother "if God's middle name was d n."
It is reported that Bazaiae is out of
bread, but is completely hemmed in withf
A pretty ankle and immaeeulately trim
med foot, help a young lady ter get up
It is a safe mistake tew make tew call
a man a knrnel, who may io fakt be only;
4th corporal. , . r
A man who took a drink from a bottle
of mucilage says he has felt "stuck up"
every day since. .
'Will you demonstrate your agility io
a whirl ? is the way they ask 'em to
danee in Saratoga.
It 1. JJi X.' L. .1.-.
uuucsi luuusiry was oruuyui, ui
man to the seaffbld," said a wag, wlie
saw a carpenter upon the staging.
We are but passengers of tho day,
Why then should wo not make the way '
as pleasant to each other as possible. ...
Sum marry because they think the
winimio twill- be scarce next year, and
live tew Vouder how tba crap holds out.
Boy ."Have a paper?" Man "No,,
sir." Boy aloud, to Jim "Say, Jim,
don't you pity those fellows as cant read ?"
An Iowa paper has a correspondent ,
writing against capital punishment, and
signing his name "One. who has been
there.", ' . . '". '(..
A boarding houso in Boston advertises
that "tour Chrsitian youug men are wan-",
tel, who neither chew, smoke spit nor
swear." : :.; ;i . .--.--, '. - . ' '
1 will preach dat portion oh de scrip-
tures dis ebening," said a colored dominie, ..
"where de Postle Paul pints hia pistol at
the Phesians." ' ' ' '
Tennessee sould pay all her debts and1 '
have a couple of hundred dollars in hand; 1
if somebody would only givo her forty-five )
millions of dollars. , ,
"Brethren," said Spurgeon in a recent
sermon, "11 uou naa reierrea me art to
a conrittee on naval affairs, ia my opinion "
it would not have been built yet.",;
pv : .1' .... .., ,v.
twre is ouiuciiuiug .cij mu knvstr
memorable words of Aaroa Burr ; If T
had read r Voltaire less, the world would
have been , wide enough for . me and'
Hamilton, . ... ' , "t
An 'Albany damsel asked one of her
fellow boarders, a stylish dry goods clerk, -
at the brcakfust table, - "Why i your
. i-- 1: 1. . - tt 1.1 v:i..
moueuicue nau uij u&n t xio uiiuxuugij
gave it upj when the answer Caused him -to.
blush still morei.Bccause its al