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About The state rights democrat. (Albany, Or.) 1865-1900 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 19, 1869)
K0YEM15KU 10, 18C0.
I TSIIIDEJIT REDUCED?
3r. Boutwell and his partisan frieiuls
SaJ that the public debt has been re
tlueed $03,000,000 since the accession
cf that gentleman to the Treasurers
offi:d, A monthly statement is put
forth showing, by jfgurcr, that an aver
age of seven millions is being paid off
in each month. Figures are ordina
rially supposed to be fncontrover table
-unimpeachable. And yet, in this
important matter of the reduction of
the debt, which ought not to bo iu
rolved in eonfusion and doubt, there is
moib than one opinion. Many persons
won't belieyo that the debt is actually
being paid, and tlxey stubbornly hold
to their opinion in spito of monthly
statements and newspaper anathemas.
Now to tho believer thero is no oflense
so unpardonable as unbelief, and
there is nothing that does mora ex
haust tho patience and fire up the
indignation of these men who misname
themselves, Republicans", than this
persistent refusal to acknowledge tho
ble&angs of Boutwell. Nobody really
wants to believe that the debt is not
diminishing. There is no man, par
tisan or not, but would be glad to Bee
the Secretary put the debt in a way of
rapid extinguishment and would bless
his name for doing it. It is not fac
tiousness that confronts that gentleman,
but it is skepticism, which may be an
infirmity of the people, but not a crime.
. Anybody willing to get at the exact
truth in the matter must have noticed
that the Treasurer has already accumu
lated an immense amount of gold .more
than a hundred millions of dollars
and this sum is invariably deducted
from the debt total, and the debt is
thus Jiyu rat ircly reduced. This money
in tho Treasury may or may not be
paid upon the debt. Only this far is
certain, it is not so pa id. Tho hording
of all this money is one of the things
that puzzles financiers and politicians
riot a little ; and various theories to
excuse the withdrawal of so much
money from circulation and its idle
locking up have been put forth. The
latest explanation cf the matteris, that
the Secretary purposes a grand strate
getic movement by which ho will re
turn to specie payment, in anticipation
of the decision of the Supreme Court
ajrainn the co
tenders, which decision is expected
about the first of January next. And
perhaps with the same view, if the dis
patches are true, a new four per cent,
loan is being negotiated with the
Rothschilds a special agent having
gone to Europe for' that business. If
these advices are correct the horded
millions are likely to be paid out with
out reducing the interest-drawing debt
It is shown by well authenticated
facts tliat a srstem of julerv has
been adopted in the Treasury Depart
ment that would do credit to a master
in the art of magic. A part of that
system seems to have been to convert
the currency-interest debt into a gold-
interest debt. And of course the gold
debt does not increase so rapidly as
the currency debt diminishes, owing to
the difference in actual value of the
two mediums. Thus, if a man owing
100 in currency has his debt converted
into gold, according to our present
standard, his debt would be but $75-and
to a suxerficial observer might appear
to be lessened. It is easy to see how,
by this adroit manipulation, the inter
ests of the Bondholder's are subserved
and at the game time the people are
The Banner of Liberty gives a clear
illustration of the effect of this system
of conversion: "The currency inter
est debtwas four years ago greater than
the coin interest debt. To-day nearly
the whole debt bears coin interest, and
that poition bearing currency interest
is comparitively little or nothing. The
effect of such a conversion of $1,000,
000,000 is readily seen. At six per
cent, tho interest in currency would be
$ 00,000,000 annually. In gold, con
Terted into currency at present rates,
it would be ?81 ,000,000, or a gain of
$21,000,000 every year to the Bond
holders without the change of a dollar
in the nominal volume of the debt.
And this $21,000,000 so given to thd
Bondholders represents a principal of
&5o0,000,000, or one-seventh of the
whole debt, and so practically increas
es the burden to that amount,"
The Orcgonian, severely replying to
our Koseburg correspondent's . state
ment that Douglas county is Demo
cratic," saya that the Republicans have
a majority of over one hundred in that
county. Perhaps that paper forgets
that Mr. Smith had a majority there
for Congress, and that a Democratic
Sheriff -was elected, and, if . we are not
in error, a Democratic candidate for
joint Senator received a majority of one
rote in the same county and all at the
"Lo's BuerxEss Buixed. Under the
recent decision of the Revenue Bureau,
the squaws who peddle berries in the
Summer Till have to take out Broker's
THE ISiiJKLlNtiAME HUMIIX'C..
The World discusses tho Burlingamo
treaty in the light of a few facts, hith
erto unpublished. It seems that .Mr,
J. Horn Browne hasbeen pretty effect"
ually exploding the growing notions of
Chineso progress and of tho impres
sion of our civilization upon that ob
durato people. Tho peoplo of Oregon
reinembor that when, a short time ago,
tho Burlingamo'missiou set foot upon
American soil in San Franc&co, tho
event was eagerly celebrated, in both
States as tho breaking up of tho re
serve thit China has maintained &inco
the rest of tho world first becamo con
scious of her existenco ; as a surren
der to tho demands of an enlightened
ago ; as tho establishment of commer
cial relations, which, singularly enough,
should result in converting tho pagans
and enriching the western nations.
The substance of the .treaty proposed
bv tho mission is familiar to our read
ers. That treaty was duly ratified at
Washington, and tho ambassador of
two countries went on his way to Eu
rope, and he is still going. His latest
appearance is in Stockholm. And the
event is proving that ho is likely never
to return to his Mongolian master, and
his treaties are just as littlo likely over
to receive tho ratification of China.
Mr. Browne aud a great many other
people are settling into tho conviction
that Burlingame's mission is an impo
sition and humbug ; that ho has no
commission from the Chineso Emper
or and is in no sense a representative
of the Chinese government.
The developments show that Mr.
Burlingamo lcing about to return
home was made a sort of representa
tive of tho Chinese Custom House
perhaps to inquire into tho details of
American and European Custom
House regulations and his salary is
paid out of tho duties which is paid
by the commerce of tho nations that
Mr. Burlingame is visiting in his as
sumed character. Mr. Boss Browne
thus effectually disposes of the notion
that Cliiaa contemplates entering into
the family of nations :
"There is n'.'tbing in tbe history of China, since
the beginning of foreign inU-rcourtc, to war ant
the idea that the imperial ruler had the sligbteit
idea of entering into tuctr nlatku a.t tboto con
teurplated under tbc law of cation. What the
really wanted was time time to repeal on a large
scale what they La J dne in the way cf prepara
linn to n jl foreign intrusion at Canton, from
1812 to l-j7; and at Takoo, from 1SSS to 1S67; time
to e?taUifb artenals, Luild gun-boats, pion
the mind of the people throughout the province,
and in the end, when no lon?rr able to p-tjMne
the execution of treaties, wake a final att mj t to
drive every foreigner cut of tbo county."
A rilOZ'OSCO JIAIL KOITK.
The Commercial is troubled because
the Post Oface Department advertises
for a bid for earning mails from Al
bany via. Sweet Home Valley to Ocho
co and Crooked Biver and says that
mails cannot be taken through by that
route : that the onlv natural route is
via. of the Columbia river. Exactly !
The only natural route is .through
Portland. The proposed route Is very
much wanted by the citizens of Ocho-
co and Crooked Biver Vallies as well
as by those of Albany and Linn coun
ty. It is a very easy and natural route
True there may be seasons when it
cannot be traveled as is often the case
with the Columbia river route. Com
munication is often entirely suspended
for long periods between Portland and
the Dalles. The Columbia river fre
quently freezes so that Portland has
no communication with Astoria. It
has been so for long periods. Now if
we shall advise Mr. Undeiwood, Pos
tal Agent, to have the mail route be
tween Portland and Astoria via. Col
umbia river discontinued and insist
that the natural way to Astoria for Port
land mails is overland through Oregon
and California, to San Francisco, thence
by ocean transportation to Astoria, we
shall be in just about as largo ' and
creditable a business as the Commer
cial is in when it is advising that offi
cer against the Albany route to Ocho-
co and Crooked river. Portland won't
get much fatness from this little mail
matter that is to go to these vallies
even if in its meanderings it goes
through that city, not enough at least
to compensate for four hundred miles
of travel to reach a point only a hun
dred miles distant. The "wagon road
through the mountains seems to an
swer the purposes of travel as well as
roads of that character generally do
There may be an occasional interrup
tion, from an unusual fall of snow or
from high water. These things are
unavoidable. During the traveling
season there is a constant intercourse
between this part of Oregon and the
vallies mentioned, and during the last
fall many emigrant teams came from
Canyon City by this road. The road
has been one of the chief means of
settling up the unsettled vallies upon
the east of the Cascades. It is indis
pensable to the development of that
country, and the next most , indispen-
saure tmng is a mail route. And if
Mx. Underwood does fairly and justly
in the premises, as we believe he will
notwithstanding one Portland sore
head, the mail line will be established
and the convenience of a large part of
the Willamette Valley and the devel
opment of the country to the east of
us will be greatly promoted.
Among tho latest dispatches pub
lished ; in tho Portland papers is ono
that will have an'uuusual interest for
tho fanning class of community, and
for everybody who watches tho grow
ing tyranny of our tax system. Hero
WAnKixotojr, Xor. 12. Tho Internal Revenue
Bureau dicldcs that farmer who go to market and
sell produce are to bo considered , broker, anil
unol pay a special tax. Those who sell at the
placo of production are exempt from paying a
With what greeting this dispatch
will como to the republican fannern of
Oregon. Fanners aro already taxed
in countless ways, directly and indi
rectly, but this tax comes with a di
rectness that is sooner felt and more
quickly seen than any other. The
farmer who brings a bunch of onions
or a bushel of early potatoes to market
must pay a special tax. Tho fanner'
wives who read this paper must not
start to market with their eggs or their
butter until they have- first procured
a ukokeu'h license. Who will not feel
this tyranny ? Who will not realize
its infamy ? Who can take tho trou
ble, to say nothing of the expense, to
procure this license ? It is simply an
embargo laid upon our produce. It
is a tariff placed upon our gardens,
orchards and dairies. A prohibitory
law against early radishes aud lettuce
and butter and eggs. Of courso Gov
ernment must increase its foreo of col
lectors and informers. The additional
revenue that it receives in this con
temptible manner will be paid to these,
and the vegetable vender left without
even tho poor consolation that the
money ho pays for license goes to do.
fray the public expense. It may seem
strange that characters-can bo found
to carry out the law, but of course
thero will bo an anny of them all
loyal. They will stand ujoit the streets
anned with the lawand be in the
fence corners along the public high
way, ready to pounce upon such law
less and unlicensed children oh go
with their baskets of strawberries to
market. Tho air and light aro still
untaxed and the inventive ingenuity
of our Yankee law-makers has still
this field left in which to exercise it
self. di:c i: asi: or xoti:i mis.'
The funeral of George Pealxxly took
place in Loudon on the 12th inst. By
his birth Mr. Peabody was an Ameri
can ; but by his world-wide generosity
ho lecamea citizen of two hemispheres.
Mr Peabody 's donation? to the poor
of London amounted to 1,7.10,000 ; to
the Baltimore Institute he gave 100,
000 ; to educate the poor of the South
2,000,000; to the Yale College Muse
um for American relics 150,000 ; to
the Harvard College Museum for a sim
ilar purpose 150,000 ; for tho cause
of education at Dan vers, Mass., his na
tive place, 250,000 ; for a free muse
um at Salem, 50,000; State of Mary
land, 250,000; to Kenyon College,
Ohio, 25,000; Kane's Artie Expedi
tion, 10,000; for tho "Memorial
Church" for his mother 10,000; to
his near relatives 2,000,000; to the
Peabody fund of London just ,previ
ous to h'm death, an extra .050,000,
equivalent in our gold currency to over
000,000. . .
Gen. Wool liad reached 80 years in
Amos Kendall was also 80 years of
age when he died. His well known
political career commenced during the
administration of Jackson, but ho left
public life in 1810.
Robert J. Walker, well known as a
national financier, who was Senator
from Mississippi prior to 1815, and
Mr. Polk's Secretary of the Treasury,
recently died at the age of 08.
GnAvr on Moral Coaracteii. The
Springfield lifpublian, a Radical paper,
very effectually disposes of Grant's
sensitiveness about moral character
thus: "On Saturday, Gen. Grant
said, in talking of Fisk's request for
information as to the financial policy
of the government, "I don't know but
I should have felt insulted by such a
proposal had it come. from any other
but a person like Fisk. But coming
from a man so destitute of moral char
acter I didn't think it worth noticing."
On Monday, Gen. Grant appointed
Mr. George H. Butler, a nephew of
Gen. Butler, and a noted lackey and
procurer of Fisk's, for whom the best
that could be said would be that he
was no more "destitute of moral char
acter," than his late employer, to the
office of United States consnl-general
for British India, resident at Calcutta.
If Butler can have an office, weYlo not
see why Fisk was not entitled to a
knowledge of the financial purposes of
the administration. Butler, though a
resident for some years of New York,
got his appointment as a Calif ornian,
and was indorsed by r the senators of
that State and New York both. It
was a "pretty impudent piece of busi
ness all around, apparently.
The latest dodge, to retrieve the
sinking fortunes of the 15th amend.
ment, is the proposition to admit Utah,
polygamy and all, provided Utah will
ratify..: ;.v .- z
I INK AND U It A XT.
.General Grant in alluding to Fisk's
attempt to ascertain through Corbin
what tho financial policy of tho ov
eniment would bo, is reported to have
said, that ho would have felt insulted
had the request not como from a man
"bo destituto of moral character as
Fisk." The irrepressible Erie King
makes to this ono of tho best replies
on record. It embodies rarcasm so
keen that it must cut" clean through
and through the impurturablo Presi
dent. Ho shrewdly begins with tho
assumption that Grant did not say
what is attributed to him against Fisk;
that it is inipoHHiblo that ho should
havo talked bo about ono with whom ho
was upon such confidential tenns.
Tho letter goes on thus:
'Jcn. (Jrant nercr would bnve nccrpfed the
hoxpitality and idiarel the table of inun whom
bo believed to bo o lelltut of moral eharaiter,
a thi eanard wetend. Men. (Irani tpent three
hour at my tallo on ono occasion aud made tho
entire journey to Hoc ton In in company, a I
well known to ninny gentlemen who were with
and who know that our relutiou were of the mot
friendly ebaraeter, He ami ItU family have re
pentedfy accepted trifling favor at my band, and
of auob a nuture n are perfectly proper anions
friend. I mention them now with no Intention
of Itttptylnif that th?y have plaebd tien. tJrotitiin-
dvr any tddlirntion: but they are tboo which no
gentleman would aevept front ono whom bo did
no! consider a friend. I tidied, o perfectly cany
bnve been the relation between U that (Jen.
'Irani ha nlo diipermcd with those little formula
tie of acknowledgment which gcittleuu-u, equally
eminent, but le intimate with ine, bare thought
It neepary to observe, and bin riot even tbunked
mo for thun. The taunt ru I ttle crvtcc which
it ba bci-n my pleasure to render him have been
treated on both ld-i a a matter of eure, Jt
a they hu!d Lo between friond quite at en
with each other. On the very oeearjon i0 which
thi Herald inventor pretend that Ovn. ilrant
Alt o innulto I, our eonveriation wa most agree
ablo, and luted nearly av hour."
Mr. President exhibited .shocking
judgment in not letting Fisk alone.
lie will find that ho can't turn the cold
shoulder to his conmr with impuni
ty. Fink's letter is a icvelation in its
wav. It shows tho President hobnob-
bing with a virulent Copperhead
"repeatedly accepting trilling favors at
his hands" '"quite at ease with each
other" Krie Stock in conjunction
with "bull pups" U. S. G. plowing
with the Wall street heifer, cte.-
TIicko thingH are enough to shock the
loyal sentiment of the country.
it oh i: ii t uc co mens io x i i: c i:
lto.Hr.HLiui, November 10, 1809.
KJiton Jhmwrat :
The (trr'jonian of the OUi inst. id not well
I!caea with a part of my lut commuruca
tion to you, and even innmuate that uch
portion i partisan in its character nnl de
aign. 1 really liJ not intend to mUrcpre
en.t Senator William It. It. apo:h at thi
place, tin J iU not think I Imrc don o. lie
did fturnc a position aiiiiilar to that taken
1t tho Orryonittn, that, if it would pay, a
Railroad would b built by "private enter
prise' through the t'tap'jua and K-gue ltiv
er Vallies, and it need neither Senator nor
newspaper to tell u that. If it i to be the
work of "private enterprise," independent
of governmental aiaiunctff it ccms to me
that public speeches on tho subject aro out
of place it looks very like meddling with
other people' "privato" afiuir ; aud an un
dignified employment it i for a Senator.
In thif the Oreyonians victr of the cae, I
find the conclusion very fair, if indeed, not
irrefutable, that William, unlea he be a
director, contractor or iomething of that
kind in "thin private enterprise" tra neck
ing to make political capital out of some
body cUe'a particular butncs ; and I am
sure he ia quite welcome to all ho made
here. I am frco to say that I look upon the
Oreyonian a the leading organ of the ad
ministration in this State, and hare not fail
ed to observe that iU sentiments are en ru-
porte with the more radical yet honcatcr por
tion cf its party ; and ordinarily it speaks
authoritatively for the whole partv. No
doubt it knows whereof it speaks when it
assures us that "it is preposterous to look
for anything in tho way of government aid"
for our Railroad. It is not merely uncertain
what course the government will pursue, nor
merely improbable that Congress will assist
u, but it is absolutely absurd to propose
"childish to expect," and "preposterous to
look for any government aid." It is true
that Congress did give aid to the Pacific
Ilailroad, from the legitimate business cf
which Head, Uio two companies are already
deriving a large profit. It is true, in that
instance, government gave not only suCi
cient aid, but treble what was necessary, and
lent itself an instrument to tho most gigan
tic swindling that ever disgraced a nation.
And now when we, who are poor and in
need of assistance, ask for aid, that would
not amount to a drop in tho bucket compar
ed with what has already been given, we
are told with a sneer that it is simply "pre
posterous." If such bo tho fixed determina
tion of the Radicals, it is well for tho people
to know it it will result in good in more
ways than ono. At all events it will furnish
tho relief that arises from a knowledgo of
one's fate, however harsh it may be, and
will furthermore relievo us from those in
sufferable bores, representatives, or would
be representatives in Congress, who for po
litical purposes keep harping on the Kail
road. The people will bo likely to enquire
of tho next Speaker what interest he may
have in "the privato enterprise',' that is ex
pected to build the road; and we certainly have
no preference for any particular company,
so long as we havo assurance that the road
will be built. , . , "
I also observo that I have unwittingly in
curred the displeasure of tho Ensign. Lifo
is not long nor time abundant, clso I would
bo glad to give some little attention to this
very little paper. Tho editor doubts tho
strength of the Democracy of this county.
That's all well enough, aud to bo expected,
of courso ; but it will bo unfortunate for
him if ho stakes his chances for County
Judgeship on our supposed weakness. I
have no particular objection to tho Ensign
knowing who Junius is, but that ho does not
is evidenl from the statement that "Junius'
first, last and only visit to Coos Bay was
paid about six months ago," which, by tho
way, is not the truth. ( Tho grant of land to
tho Coos Bay AVngftn ltoad differs from the
Ilailroad grant in this, that In ono instance
there Ss some vacant land ; in the other
there is none, or at least but very little j
and, besides, although tho Eimlgn may not
know it, it requires more money to construct
a mile of Katlroad than it docs to make a
mile of wagon road. A grant that woul l
be ample and nufBcieut for ono purpose
might bo insignificant and totally Inadequate
for the other.
I am informed by parties from Gardiner
that the llaun Company are industriously at
work building, and will soon complete the
steamboat with which they design to navi
gate tho t'lupqua lliver up as far as this
place. This tuk will prove a difficult one,
but those who ought to know regard it as not
impossible. However, it is extremely doubt-'j
ful If Ihe river can ever, for the purposes of
freighting, &c, bo successfully navigated.
lcurge amount of freight is annually ship-
ed to and from this place by way of Hcotts-
burg, and that, too, at no inconsiderable ex
pense. If a steamlxmt can come thus far
six months In the year, it will be of incal
culable benefit to this place, and, I doubt
not, remunerative to those who havo the en
terprise in hand. Capt. llaun deserves,
and 1 heartily wish him, success. It will
be a great day for ns when the first 'steam-
lat lands at Koseburg ; and that this may
bo accompli bed ere the close of the present
year is thought by some and hoped by nil.
is y t i; m; ; it a v ii .
tOMI'II.Kf) ritOM TIIS OKKOO UKKALt?.
L0UI8VIU.K, Nov. 0, A brakeman on
the exptess train from Nashville last
ntifht. was shot dead whilo the train was
leaviug a station en the road, by a con
cealed 8?aMin. The caue of the act
is but conjectured.
LouiJvu.i.K, Nov. 9. On Sunday
evening a party of one hundred men
catnc to Richmond. Kv.. jiil and took out
a nun turned Vuty, the auth r of five
murder, and liun;j; him in the Ciurt
houcyard, with a ptaeurd on bus back
not to cut him l-wn untii fctvcu o'clock
Loi'ffeVir.l.K. Nov. 0,(lov. S'teveofnn
reprieved Wot. U. Neil, convicted of wile
murder, until Pccembr l"th. Mean
while n; plication : to be made to the
Legislature to commute his sentence.
LmvitfVff.f.K, Nov. 9. Near Crab Or
chard Spring, Kentucky, on Friday
niyht, four men w?ntto tear down a house
of ill fjtjic. Findinjr parties ini!c to
defcud, hey opened fire with spencer
rifles, killing (ie. Tankelsue, an inmate.
New Orleans Dispatch.
New On i.kan m, Nov. t. Dr. Leer,
who murdered y itit Ilarne at Oakland,
M., a few weeks since, was tuk 'n from
the jiil by citizen Sunday night aud
FroLibltion Defeats! la Ti 0x7 Kara; &M;c.
Com ojui, Nov. Jl The vol on the
adoption of the State ConTabulary ,oct
was very light. It wa defeated by a
largo toajwnfy ; all the populous towns
giving large majorities against it.
Terrible Accident at Camden. II. J.
riilLAtiKLMitA, Nov. 9. Nine frame
dwellings al (,'uu deu, N. J., were burned
this morning. A man named Klliott, his
wife aud five children were burned in
their efforts to tq the flames. The
aged mother who was thrown Irctn the
eeond tury window jeeeived probably
Nr.w YottK, Nov. U. Snow a foot
deep has fallen in Northern Vcruiout
during the pat two days.
La Crush, Nov. B. Wm. Miller hung
hiriihflf this morning. No caute known.
Nashville, Nov. 9. The convention
bill passed the Senate to day. It was
amended to reduce the number of mem
ber to fifty. The lluue has not acted
Ukvlrly, Mass., Nov. 9. The Trus
tees of the 1'cabody Institute have di
reeled that the building be closecd until
the arrival of tho remains of Peabody.
They directed that the building be ap-
propriately draped acd other arrange
ments be made for the funeral. The
remains ore expected early in December.
Concord, Nov. 9. Josiah S. I'ike,
who murdered Thomas Brown and wife
at Hampton Mills, May, 18G3, was bang
ed tc-day. .
Death of Ceo. W00L
Troy, N. Y., Nov. 10. Gen. Wool
died hero to day.
A N. Y. Uerald Sensation.
New York, Nov. 11. Tho IkraM
concludes that tho activity of naval mat
ters and the ordor for tho Miantinoma
to be ready for ca, with the ordering
into commission and fitting out so rapidly
of tho Swatara and two other vessels, and
the sudden transfer of stores and army
supplies to the lrigate Albany, with or
ders for that vessel to nail immediately
for Cuba, and other important movements,
indicato that tho Government is about to
take a decisivo courso on the Cuban
question and in favor of Cuban inde
pendence. Farragnt's Claim for Frizo 3Ioncy.
New York, Nov. 11. It is stated
that in Farragut's claim for prize money,
he sets forth that Porter, master of the
fleet, bombarded tho rebel position ecven
days without doing any apprecioble dam
age, or incapacitating them from defense,
and that ho did he did not capture any
portion of tlfc euemy'a fleet.
Porter puts in a paper stating that he
was the first to suggest tho attack ; that
ho worked eight days to get Farragut's
fleet over the bar j also, that the state
ment of Farragut concerning him has no
foundation in fact.
Pittsbur.0, Nov. 11. The joint com
mittee on the union of tho Presbyterian
Assemblies reported informally in both
bodies for the union. They stated
Ihoy had agreed on all the legal points,
and would this morning recommend the
appointment of committees by both bod
ies to conipleto the details of the recon
struction of the united assembly, to meet
for their first session at Philadelphia,
May next, and report. This is regarded
as deciding the question of re-union.
Nashville, Nov. 11. The Senate,
to-day, insisted on its amendment to the
Convention bill," and tho Houso adhered
to its disagreement A committee of
conference was appointed.
: Tho Mouse passed to a third reading
tho Senate bill removing the disabilities
of Judge Frazier, impeached by the last
Radical legislature, and tabled the resolu
tions nroDosinz an amendment to the
Federal Constitution, changing the mode
of electing tho President.
Indian Chief HiUed.
Washington, Nov. 10. A letter re
ceived by the Indian Bureau from Capt.
Poole, Indian agent at the Whitcstone
Agency, Dakotah, reports that in conse
quence of liquor brought there and sold
or given to the Indians, an unusual
amount of drunkenoess prevailed for sev
eral days. One of the results was that
"Spotted Tail," chief, was shot and killed
by "Jlig Mouth," chief of the Ogallallas.
Much excitement prevailed, and it waa
feared more extended troubles would en
su?. The Iudians charged the whites
with bringing tho liquor to the Agency.
Capt. Poole had asked the commanding
officer to send troops to the Agency to
guard the miblic property and the lives
of tho employes.
Wahiiinotox, Nov. 10. It is stated
that although Geo. Sherman had written
tho annual report of the War Itepart
incut, Secretary Belknap repudiates it
and will write one himself. It is stated
that Belknap has repudiated an impor
tant claim passed on favorably by Sher
man, and since that has superceded two
orders issued by the General. One of
those repudiated orders is said to have
contained instructions to the heads of
several bureaus directing them to make
all reports to him personally as General
of the Army.
rlorraon Temple in New York,
New York, Nov. 10. A Mormon
Temple will be erected here within the
coming year, to cost half a million dol
lars. It will be a House of Beception
for Mormon immigrants from Europe,
and a resting place for leaving and trav
eling brethren of the United States.
Ponncr has bought for $23,000 the
stallion Major Winfield Scott, brother of
Mountain Boy, Benoic Scott, Joe Kll'tott,
and half-brother to Dexter. Bonner
bought him for the purpose of breeding
a race of trotters from his celebrated
Nashville, Nov. 10. The Legbda
turc adopted resolutions' of rcpcct for
the mcmoy of George Peabody.
Tho Assembly rejected the Senate
Amtudrnment of the bill reducing ai em
bers to fifty. -
Jackhon, Nov. 13. Jeff. Davis arrived
here last evening.
The political content in Mississippi
grows warm, and great interest is mani
fested in all parts.
Frightful Hailrcad Accident in Califor
nia. San Francisco, Nov. 14. About 9
o'clock this morning, tbc regular tassen
ger train of the Western Pacific Ilailroad,
bound east, came in collision with a train
from Hajward's, near Damon Station,
about four miles frym Alameda. The lo
comotives of both trains were to'aliy
destroyed, as were four cars of the West
ern Pacific, and several of the Hayward
Oakland, Nov. 14. From Capt. 11.
Korwin, IVatrowsky, who was a passen
ger on the incoming II ay ward train, we
gather the following particulars: The
train started fruit Ilayward's ajt 8:09 A.
M. clear weather. On leaving San Le
andro. encountered a heavy fog. Cap
tain Korwin was on the third car from
the locomotive; heard a crash ; the first
and second cars were badly smashed cp ;
third and fourth car uninjured. Both
locomotives plunged into Fisher's creek,
which prevented a conflagration. It is
sai l both traios were behind time and
running beyond tficir usual speed. The
train bound cast crnis'u ed of eight cars,
which were not, however, fully occupied.
The third car of the Western Pacific
train was telescoped in'o the fourth car,
running through it to within six feet of
the end. In that six feet were the only
ones who survived uninjured. Mr. Gates
and fome others at once commenced cut
ting Into the telescoped cars, in order to
get at tho maDg'ed mass of dead aud
dying within, uicg such implements as
were at hand. The scene beggared oil
description, the wounded groaning and
crying, and the cars being crowded with
the debris of the wreck and the bodies
Third dispatch. The following is a
list of the killed : Judge Alex. Baldwin,
U. S. District Judge of Nevada ; J. B.
McDonald, ltoad Master of the Sacra
rtftnto Yal!ey Boad : Mons. Baul, ex
principal of tho Young Ladies Seminary,
Oakland; Charles Martin, fireman of the
Hayward train; Frank Miliikcn, head
brakeman W. P. 11. B. ; George Thomp
son, fireman of W. P. 11. It., anl a young
man who was learning to fire. The reg
ular fireman jumped off and escaped.
David Ward, merchant of San Francis
co; J as. Connelly, Corral Station ; Max
Irwin, San Franeiico, and B. II. Fox,
are supposed to be killed.
Following is a list of wounded : Wm.
Campbell, U. S. District Attorney, Ne
vada, left leg broken ; S. 31. B. Haley,
of San Francisco, leg ' twisted ; Patrick
Mehon, of Oaklaud, both legs broken ;
J. C. Knapp, of Alameda county, right
leg smashed and seven contusious on the
head. Threo other men, names unknown,
were killed. G. P. Helm, of San Fran
cisco, bruised ; Noel Lambert, carpenter
of W. P. It. It., both legs broken ; N. L.
Taylor, of Chicago, injuacd ; Scth Brom
ley, of Sacramento, leg badly fractured ;
Thos. McNulty, No. 14 Sixth street, San
Francisco, leg fractured ; J. D. Perkins,
leg badly bruised; J. P. Lovell, of Sac
ramento, leg badly injured ; S. II. Beard,
of the Mission, San Jose, injured: C. K.
Necdham, leg crushed. Only two Chica
meu wero badly injured.
SYNOPSIS OV LATEST NEWS.
Tho Russians in San Francisco were
instructed by their Government, to cele
brate our Thanksgiving Day. There
aro more developments concerning the
stupendous frauds in the New York Cus
tom House.- Forty-seven of the guard
at the Illinois State Prison, at Joliet,
struck for higher wages, leaving tho pris
on with only threo men to guard 1,300
convicts. Secretary Boutwell intimates
that he is in favor of resuming specie
payments 1st of next July. Minister
Low will not start for China until after
the meeting of Congress The strike
on the Erie Brakemen still continues.
The World discusses McdilPs plan for
securing a minority representation and
thinks it may practicable. The Ava
lanche publishes a list of persons residing
in Tennessee, who it asserts havo been
imported byjjen. Ames into Mississsippi
es managers of the election in in the in
terest of the Radical party, and calls on
tho authorities at Washington to ioter
pose and prevent it.- The union be
tween the Old School and New Presby
terians has been completed and a resolu
tion adopted to raise 50,000 as a special
thank offering. Ex-Mayor Anthony,
of Leavenworth, has sued and recovered
20,000 of Jen. Thomas Kwing for false
imprisonment during the war. Ed
ward B. Ketchutn has been discharged
from Sing Sing. Grant favors the re
sumption of specie payment. Exten
sive preparations have been made in tho
City of Mexico lor the reception of Sew
ard. This is the first time that a foreign
er has been made a guest of the 3Iexican
Government. Senator Grimes 'in in
Europe with improved health. It is
thought that the Emperor Napoleon will
not live six months oncr. There has
been a terriflac hurricane in the Mediter
ranean, several vessels lost, Lopez
still holds out against the allied armies.
James Porter, of the San Francisco
Examiner and Dr. Howell had a fight,
wherein the Doctor got floored.
STATIi" SEWN. .
Fron tlio Cszttte.
Afcsrrzp. We lcurn from the iHtttliyeweer
tlist ilev. John Y. Im-n, we!l known in Orrgtm,
ln rceirel n! erered a call to become the
1'anUrr f the Y'.ymovth Congrcgat tonal CLoreb,
at Seattle, W. T.
(From the Journal.
AceinrsT. On lat Tnewlo msn fcy tb
name of John Speakrnan, while atinsj to pot
tip s rpe at tbe ferr at this ptecc, fell from m
tree aWit tltirtjr-stx feet, breaking two nrrr ribs
fn the right tr-if, an l ,tAy injuring himstlf in
wnrdlir. Lr. Fharplc irtt called 3 attend tbe
injured titan, and uftrmn tu that akboagb he is
not entire! out of danger jet, Le will probably
From tbe Herald.
AcrmesT r Er PosTtAsn. At man
named Paly wan driving a t-um, attached to av
wagon loaded with wood, in Et Portland, yes
terday, the vehicle ofet, throwing the driver un
der th load, seriously injnring hint. Tbe lower
portion fcf h'u body wa faraljied, bnt by careful
management be will probably reeovcr.
TlAU.noAn Iros. Fonr hundred and fifty tona
of trat-k, eonftip-nc-d to JJt n. Jld!day k Co., con
tractor of the Orrsron CV n'ral Ilailroad, came by
the itts.ui( r ".Aja" from Fan Franc ieo.
On Fuwiay, Nov. llth, Mr. B. B. 3Iai!, who
livt a few uii! F.a-t of Oregon City, met with
very ievcre accident, by which be Wt hu right
arm. It tecu that be waj (binding upon the
porch at bin own bone, bclding hi rnnktt, wlib
the breech retting ripen tbe lgs of tbe porch,
when a dog jumped agatnt the gun, carting it lo
drop down, vtriliing the hammer on the edge of
the utoi.p and th n,hy exploding the cap. The
whole charge of twenty biick-fh'-t entered hi arm
at the elbow, and completely riddled it o bia
ahouhbrr. Ilia arm wa im badly t-.rn that it waa
found u (- a ry t take it off elo-e t the shoulder.
It it a very critical cacc and rayr vet eot him hi
life. TVi wonting, we karn, ue i doing vwry
well, rnurh better tbau ctu'd be txpett-d.
Dkad Ilonv Focxn. Just ai we go to prena.
we learn tbt the dead ldy of a man waf jetcr
day found on the bank of tbe Cowlitz river, about
live uii!ci above Montietlio. The oat waa drawn
over the head, ard from the apiKiarace? of tbe
body U it MJpjed that the man had been dea J
fttuv week a. When our infinrsnt left, the Coro
mtr bad b-n ent for. and the lxdy left 3 found,
tlM-reftre he wat unable l learn anj further par
ticular. Tbe bark Ilattie C. Ikrie, Capt "William C
Ceric, wu towed down the river at II o'clock
yeMerday looming, by the Vancouver tU: a in -boat
Fannie Troop, on her way to Hongkong, China,
direct. t'Le km chartered by Tong Duck thong
and Wa Kee Co., for whit h they paid $20,C6t
in gold coin ; bad the loading of Ler, and will gt
out as uper?argoc. Over 2i-u Chinese (live) g
aa pam-ngcr, aud a large number of defunct.
ltt-iiAE'jr.n. The tlran J Jury in the ease of
Uriah V. (Jack) H-xri-, fr killing Whitney, re
turned their rcjv.rt "Xot a true bsll." ycateiday.
On motion d It. E. Uybee, tbe defendant' attor
ney, the Londiinau were a!j released.
The road between Canernah and Parrott'a bridge
ta been to changed by order of the ctort, that
it pat Act over the hill instead of along tbe river.
Tfaia change i. made by reason of the O. C. It. It.
Co., appropriating the old road.
From the 2Cew!.
PwkvtG vtk. Mr. rtteroo of Pheo"x, has
purchased of a gentleman fruutCalfornia, the right
ft tnakii.g certain patent gate in Jackson county.
The g-tte it constructed that a wagon on ap
proaching it run over a apring, which canoes the
gate to opvn ; and ia pacing out the wheel strikes
another tpring, which cau.e it to close; thna
rendering it uimecci .-ary for the driver to di mount
or even halt.
Axothkb Robbbrt. It is reported that on
Tburaday night, tome daring thief entered the
Union Bakery, during Mr. Walter's absence, anj
relieved the drawer of about $JQ0, gold coin.
IIoo Dkiyixs. Mr. Willbm Bybeo started SCO
fat hogs to Happy Camp, this week. Jackaoa
county is a heavy exporter of live stock.
From tbo Statesman.
Hotels 15 Prospect. Yfe have stated Mr.
Mallory's intention to make preparations at once
to rebuild the Capital Hotel in a substantial man
ner, and we row learn that a corporation is being
formed, or at least talked of, to bu Id a handsome
hotel on Commercial street.
Fire at Empiric Citt. We bear by Dr. Chit
wood that a fire at Empire City last week de
stroyed the hotel of Mr. Vanderpool. As "Van"
used to live here, in IMk county, and once soldi
fanning mills to all this county, the b;ws of bia
mishap will interest many old friends aud aroate
From the Oregonian.
Tit?. Bt'Ru ssTEK-McRFonn Trackot. -The
BoUc &frtestcfii of tbe Sth has an account f the
killing of It. 15. Murford by Theodore Buraeater,
on the 7th in t. We condense a portion of tbe ac
count : Tbe parties met by accident. Judge Scani
kor being with Burme.tcr, and a Mr. Dwight with
Murford ; pitssed each other about twenty paces
" Burmester's aocount of tho affair is that, observ
ing Murford to hare his hand on his pistol at the
moment of passing, he turned after they bad pass
ed, and said, 'Morford, what do you mean by such
actions Tjto which Morford replied, I mean that
you are a s n of a b b, and fired the first shot.
We understand that Dwight testifies that be did
not see the parties when the first firetook place,
but had turned to ruu a way. It is also stated
that there is some evidence to contradict the state
ment of Bunnister that Morford fired the first shot.
Be that as it may, three shots were fired by each,
and at tbo third round Morford was pierced in the
right temple by the bullet from Burmester's pis
UL Burmcster was unhurt. This is merely tho
current report of the tragedy. Morfood lingered
unconsious until yesterday morning, and expired
at threo o'clock." Tho cause of the difficulty grew
out of a divorce suit brought by Mrs. Morford and
in which Burmester was ono of her attorneys.
Both parties, it is said, expected a battle and both
went armed. There is aloo reports concerning;
nnpleasnnt relations existing between Mr. and Mrs.
Morford, and about theats. of Morford towards
Burmester ; also that Burmester, expecting a dif
ficulty, intended to make a will on Saturday
night." Mrs. Morford had been separated from
her husband some weeks and was at Silver City
when the killing oocurcd. She eamc over and waa
present at tbo burial. Mr. Morford was a native
of Lawrenno county, Ohio, about thirty-seven
years old. AVe learn through a private source, that
Burrucste." was held to answer in $3,000 baib.
NE W A 1) V K II T 1 S K 31 J", X T S .
HOTEL TO LEASE! .
THE UNDERSIGNED HAVE JUST COM
pleted fiue, large hotel building in the cen
ter of the business poi tion cf the city of Albany,
which they desire to lease to a thorough business
man and a good hotel keeper. ' The building is
two-stories high, contains thirty rooms, with a
cellar under the entire buildiojr. For further car.
' ticulars address by letter or call in person on ; ; i
110 L UK & MYEB.S, !
v5ntltf . Albany, Oregon.
FARMERS, TOE KOTICET"
I WILJi GIVE FOR - V X ,
EGGS, 87 CTS. PEU BOZ.
After this week, nntil further notice.
Oct. 22, 1869-alOtf.