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STATE RIGHTS DEMOCRAT.
Jtl. II. ABBOTT EDITOR,
(SATURDAY DECEMBER 2, 1SGG.
TVe oall attention to that part of Mr.
Spaulding's lectures, in to-day's Demo
crat, relatiye to the seizing of tho Lap
wai Mission by tho Government. If his
statement is entitled to credence he has
fceen most foully wronged by the federal
GoTernment. Under the ciroumstances,
as set forth by him, his titla to the land
should hare been regarded as among the
best on the habitable globe. lie first re
ceived a title to it from the Nez Perccs
Indians sn 1S34, who lhen)wncd it: and
next by an act of Congress of 1848, con
firming Jus titla to 610 acres - of land.r
Yet, notwithstanding all this, the Gov
ernment has seized and occupied his land,
and have denied him the privilege of
building "anywhere on tho old mission
clair of G40. acres, or indead, anywhere
en tha Reservation." We aro happy to
f ajr that this act of gross injustice to an
eld pioneer and missionary, was not per
petrated, by a Democretic administration,
but under that of the "martyrod and
sainted Lincoln." Mr. S. was a Lincoln
inan, and wo believe be would not mis
represent this afiair, Lincoln, claimed
by his followers 0 be an '-'honest" and
x ery godly man whose pictures in tho
shops represent him with spectacles on
pose piously and devoutly reading his
Jjible the dear, blessed little Taddathis
Jcnces, and his affectionate wife at his
back this saintly man permitted his un
derlings, in the face of the most urgent
and pointed remonstrances, to drive off an
old pioneGr and missionary from land he
Lad occupied for more than thirty years,
and whose title to it, under any adminis
tration less corrupt, would have been re
spected and deemed absolutely indisputa
ble It was such damaging facts as the
Above which caused the Oregonian to re
fuse to publish Spaulding's Lectures.
People's Transportation Compauj
On the Cth instant the Stockholders of
&is Company met in Salem and elected
the following named persons to serve in
the several positions designated for the
year next ensuing : A. A. McCully,
President ; Edwin X. Cooke, Vice Presi
dent; Joseph Kelly, George A. Peas and
L. E. Pratt, Directors ; g. T, Church,
Secretary; Gore 3Jarshall Chief-Engineer.
"We have inquired of several persons
in Albany as to the politics entertained
by these ofljeers ; and we are told that
jthey are all Radicals except Marshall.
JTo one we liave yet met knows him ; he,
too, may be a Radical.
We regard the fact that these officers
are all of the Radical party as very sig
nificant. We do not pretend to say that
any distinctions are made by the Com
pany against Democrats and in favor of
"Radicals. We do not say that they charge
Democrat more for freight or passage
than they do a Radical. That is not our
point. It is this : Aggregated capital
has a great deal of inherent power, and
hence may wield great influence. The
Transportation Company, as a matter ' of
course, must have a large number of men
in their employ. 2fowt suppose an elec
tion pending- These employees are vot
ers. Will any of them vote the Demo
cratic ticket ? Xotat all,. Why? Be
cause, if they should, they know full well
they would lose their places, and others
would be duly installed who would vote to
suit the officers of the Company. We do
not charge that these officers will issue an
order to this effect, Jfot at all, That
vrould be too plain and palpable, and apt
to defeat the end in view. But there are
many ways to make known their wishes
besides this; and it is net to tya supposed
that me a, as adroit and shrewd as these
men are known to t e,4" will not employ
them pending an important election.
3.uch is the history of aggregated capital
the world oyer. In this view of the case
fre hope no Democratic capitalist will in
Test a dollar in the concern, " To do so is,
in a political sense, to draw razor across
his own throat. It is affording aid and
comfort and the sinews of war to the e.ne-
Thus much for the political aspect of
the People a Transportation Company.
Now let us look" at it in another light
Wheat is now selling in Albany for fifty
cents per bushel. This is all that wheat
buyers can now afford to give; . and they
are not at all anxious to invest 'in wheat
jevea at these low figures. The People's
Transportation Company are charging 0
cents per bushel for- delivering' wheat in
Portland ; whereas it should be delivered
there forr five cents per bushel. Any un
interested "business man in Albany will
concur with us jp tfcip; a'nd some say
wheat ought to be shipped to Portland for
four cents per bushel. Suppose now that
Mr. Douthit, pr one oT theijurkbart-or
Mr, Price, pr Jason Wbeefer,' or Itey,
Mr. Irving, or Judge Geary, or. any oth
er stiff farmer wants to ship 1,000 bush
els ot wheat below. At twenty cents per
bushel lie must pay the P. T. Company
-uu ; wnereas, it the price were only fir
cents, ne would he would pay the mode
ratp gum - of $50 only! In other words,
fee has to pay the Company $150 . more
tkan 'hs ought tq pay, or than he would
pay if there wjsre any opposition. "Vfe
appeal to the public are we not right
when we say that the Company is a crush
ing, grinding, soulless monopoly?
Some one may ask what good do we
expect to accomplish by our opposition to
tho People's Transportation Company ?
We frankly admit that wo aro not sure
that we shall accomplish any good. The
Company is a heartless, soulless monopo
ly; and they have matters, connected
with the navigation of the Willamette,
so arranged that it will be pretty hard to
compel them to mend "their manners.
We understand they claim to own the
land on both sides cf the Falls. If this
bo true they have a decided advantage
over an opposition line of steamers, Yet
it is a difficulty that can, apd wo believe
ona day will be overcome, A fair county
road runs rountf the Falls, and that they
cannot pontrol, Company with suffi
cient capital should bo formed, not ouly
to build good boats above and below the
Falls, but to erect warehouses, and to do
everything else that would be found nec
essary to ensure successful opposition.
If we can do nothing more wo can cer
tainly, by publishing facts, prepare the
peoplo of the upper Willamette to sus
tain an opposition line whenever oue shall
be started. The next time an opposition
line starts up, let every man, woman and
child patronize it. Of course tho P. T.
Company will put down tho prices still
lower than tho opposition. They may
possibly offer to take passengers for noth
ing and give meals besides. This they
could easily afford to do with tho money
they have already wrung from tie publio.
But let no one, who really desires to pro
mote his own good and that of tho com
munity ia which he lives, patronize them
iu any manner whatever. It should be a
part of his religion to give the People's
Transportation Company's boats a wide
berth in such a contingency ; because, as
soon as they can break down the opposi
tion line, they will again adopt tho old
prices perhaps even a higher scald to
make up for lost time. lie who would,
under such circumstances, throw a solitary
dime into the already plethoric purse of
the P. T. Company, virtually cuts Jiis own
Tho farmers and tradesmen of Linn
county alone could build boats, and ship
their own produce and merchandise, and
save money by the operation. They would
save more than money enough to pay for
tha boats the first season. If tbsy had
boats of their own they cculd realiao at
least fifteen cents more per bushel for
wheat than they now do, and all other
produce in proportion. We tru3t the
time is not far distant when a successful
and permanent line of opposition steam
ers will be running ou the waters of the
Willamette. We again pledge ourself to
do all we can to produce so desirable a
Unsineia Matters Explained
We have received a note from Ij. L.
Brown, Esq., cf Brownsville, Lion coun
ty. Though of a private business nature,
we extract the following froni it for rea
sons which will be apparent as we pro
Friksd Abbott : I send to.you by the Lcarcr,
Mr. LewU $ paid to me by Dr. L. Hieklin, which
he says he owes for advertising. J. W. Bunch has
juit spoken to me ia regard to his subscription to
the 'Democrat.' lie says that he was in the office
and paid the money to a man with a scar on hi
face. 1 paid it the Saturday before Circuit
Ceart, and begare him one paper; also the club
for this office, lie wants yon to send the paper on
and he will see yoa abott it-"
The "man with a scar on his face" is
unquestionably John Traverse, who, until
a few weeks past, was a member of the
firm. The money paid to him, above al
luded to, was not entered by him upon the
books, consequently we did not know that
3Ir, Bunch had paid his subscription un
til so informed by this Utter from our
agent. Nor are these the only cases of
this character. Every week sinco Trav
erse left Albany cases like these have been
developed. We allude to them now thus
publicly because we desire to do justice in
the matter to our patrons There may be
others who have paid the - "man with a
scar on his face," whom he has pot prop
erly credited; and if they should be
dunned they will now know what is the
trouble, and will not censure us for so "(Jo
ins. While we have our hand in we may as
well say that this lnan with a scarbn his
face came to us under the wing and
quasbrecommcndatidn'Of Beriah Brown;
and of course we supposed he was all
right; he alsa possesses a fair and gentle
manly bearing; but he proved himself to
be an unmitigated scoundrel. On ascer
taining his true character we told him
there must be a dissolution;' and he final
ly made, and we accepted a proposition for
him to withdraw from the concern. We
raised the money and paid him off he
assigning to Abbptt & Brown all his title
and interest m all debts due the establish
mnt. Scarcely had he left, however, ere
we discovered that, in several instances,
he had receive.d money from various indi-
yidpala, for which no account Jiad been
fendercd-r-rthus defrauding us but of what
was our just due, and placing us in a, false
attitude to some of our patrons. We
overhauled te' gentleman in Portland
and made; him .disgorge some of the money
he had thus wrongfully abstracted.
is unaouDieaiy a great villain and scojin
drel. yfe can prove that he confessed
inac ne is a deserter Iroin the federal
army. 4 nofc approve of the manner
in which, in seyeraj instances, the war
was conducted ; but we neverthclsss pub
liolyltook tho ground that if a man volun
tarily joined tho federal army, and re
ceived tho bounty, &e., ho was iu duty
and honor bound to stay tho stipulated
time, and that if ho deserted ho ought to
pay the penalty. Wo can also provo that
ho took out somo of our private letters,
opened them, read them and burned them.
IIo also received several letters directed
to the firm, but never mentioned tho fact
to us, and destroyod them thus causing
confusion in our business matters in sev
eral ipstanpes. Wo can prove, too, that
ho attempted to open, with falso koys, a
private drawer of ours, in our absence
just aa any burglar and villain would. t
Wo can provo, also, that ho proposed to
certain Republican gentlemen of Albany
that, if they would let him uso tho eld
''Journal office" materials, ho would fun.
ifish all tho mcaus necessary to carry it
ou with, and publish a genuiuo "Union"
paper. lie solemuly asseverated that he
was a true 'Union" man, and that if he
could only have an opportunity ho would
'fight Abbott," and thus prove it ; that
ho was no Democrat, and never had been,
and the only reason why ho had been
connected with the State Highia Domo
ocrat was because ho wanted to make a
living. We have aboa letter in our pos
session, written by a gentleman of San
Francisco to Mr. Chprry of this place, in
quiring if he (Cherry) knew a mau in
Albany by the name of John Traverse, a
printer; and whether ho was living with
a woman. This man further writes that
his wife had left him ; whither she had
fled ho knew not, but ho had good reason
to infer sho was in Albany, living with
the "man with a scar on hw face," afore
We presumo it is unnecessary fur us to
add that this "man with a scar on his
face" was alo a smooth-tongued hypocrite
and liar. He who could defraud xu and
pocket money not his own who boasted
tq a few friends that he is a deserter from
the federal army who attempted to get
into a private de.k of ours by force and
false keys who took out, epenod, rcud
and destroyed some pf our privatp letters
who could forswear his principles aim
ply and only to gratify his malice nnd
he on whom strong suspicions rest that
he has criminally interfered with another
man's marital rights such a man, we say,
would ycry naturally be a great liar and
b'pgerite? Jo some respects he resem
bles Oily-Oainuioq, a central character iu
Tittlebat Titmouse. If ho only had the
pQuragc pow to kilj juinsclf his rcsem-
blanco to his UJustri&us prototype would
b much morfi ilrjMnand complete
Tax on $ferHie T NIflt
Ooo of th liM yipst burdens that is now
pre.HMOflr ppan t)iQ Uhorittir plae of this!
country, ar,4 WflmmiY tf IhQ J Vine
States, is the rjrM crjminaliy unjust sys
tem ol taxation unJgr TVIWH they m Ifr
To our mind, nothing U clare)? thar,
the capital of a country and not hbor
should pay its taxes. Wo are utterly lOr
capable of comprehending either the jus
lice or fairness of a taxation syetem, which
compels the man of toil, who labor
assiduously for twelve or fifteen hours a
day, in order to support a wife and half
a dozen children, who.e food is of the
coarsest quality, while his garmenti, and
those of his wife and little ones scarcely
respond to the merest demands of decency,
should absolutely pay more. of the govern
ment dfcht than the lordly millionaire who
counts his treasures by hundreds pf thou
sands of dollars.
Take fur example, on the ono hand, tho
poor mechanic of San Francisco, who,
penniless as a pauper, has by bis unaided
strong arm, to support a family consist
ing of himself, his wife and sir children :
and on tho other band let m? tako fhp
capitalist who has a million, dollars n
bank, owes not a cent, and has poithf
wife, children nor ward depending, on
him for support, Now which of these
individual, we ask, under our present
indirect taxation system pays tho most to
wards supporting the federal government ?
The man ot money may place at inter
est a sufficiency of his capital to bring
him $Q00 per annum, keep the remaiqder
on deposit in bank, watching and wait
ing his chances lor some grand specula
tion, and pay not ooo cent to the govern
ment, more than if he owned uot a dol
lar in tho world.
Tho only revenue which th federal
tax-gatherer derives from this millionaire
is sumnied. upJin'the, duties, which "ho
pays on the victuals and clothes necessary
for one man, Kven these he- often pur
chases at a rate far below their real value,
owing to tho fact that the laboring produ-1
cer is lorccd to B5" .them at ruinous re?
duccd prices, in order to enable him to
meet the imperious demands of creditors.
On the other hand our poor mecbanicr
or what is the same thing our poor farm-
er-T-nas eignimouins u ieea, eigni oacKs
to clothe, and sixteen" feet to be supplied
with shoe leather, and every time he un
dertakes to meet .any of these wants he
must pay a tribute to the government.
. A glance at our largo table of prices
current, witn accompanying ust ot duties,
will show that out of every three dollars,
which this mechanic expends for boots
and shoes, he pays at lcasj; from seventy
five cents to one dollar to the general erov
ernment rthe .duty upon leather being
from 25 to 3o per cent upon ijts value.-r
Un every pound ot sugar, tea, coffee, rice,
starch, soap, salt, nails puiu-inatting : on
every box of matches, every can of fruit
and every gallon of molasses he pays at
about the same rate, namely, two dollars
to the mejehant and one to the govern
Now. inasmuch as it cpsts this labor-
mg mecnauic, ironv lour 10 nve umes as
much money, to feed and clothe his fami
ly of eight, persons, as it does the man of
dollars to feed and clothe himself, is it
not clear that the former pays at least
from four to five times as much as the lat
ter towards defraying the expenses of the
government?1 ' ' v f V ;r .," "
All this, too, he must do by' the unaid
ed power of his muscle, in addition to sup-1
porting his family, nor uo uie govern-
mental burdens wmcu uio law neaps upon
tho toiling mechanic, stop even here, for
if at tho end of the year it is found that
he has anything left, out of his twelvo
months' earning, our benign tax man-re
lieves him of five dollars outol every hun
dred that remains. In the mean time our
loidly millionaire has fared sumptuously,
at his pnsp, added not a cent to tho coun
try's wealth and keeps sale and sound in
an iron chest his hoarded thousands un
touched by taxation, ready to buy at ouo
Gfth of its value, tho very homestead
which pinching povorty is perhaps driv
ing that samo laboring mechanic to place
in the market in order to buy bread with
which to feed his hungry babes.
Wo maintain that this whole system of
indirect taxation should bo swept from
our statutes, and every tax-payer bo bur
dened according to tho value of his prop
erty and his consequent utility to pay.
buch ia our present system ol taxation,
and nobody denies its justice. If then it
is fair that each citizen fthould contribute
iu proportion to his wealth, towards sup
porting tho stato government, where ia
tho justice of a different njlo iu easy of
tho general government ? Jn other word
if it is r3ht that the state should tax only
tho woaltloifits citizens, it is not wrong
for the United .btutcs to tax only their
nfrnhi Inn ? ?"
The Radical have little cause to crow
over the results of the late olecttons. Wo
fsco nothing in them to di.-icourago the
Democratc party, a a partynothing to
dampen the ardor of Democrats nothing
to iuduce them to give up their gloriou
old organization. In tho future their prin
ciples must triumph. y Although tho re
sults are not all the Radicals expected they
are nufBcimly decisive in their favor to
render it certain that they are to havo full
control of ths next Congrc, and what fol
lows a surely, that the Union is to be
kept divided for an indefinite period un
til after the aext Presidential election cer
tainly. In thcFo results, aya the New
Hampshire i'atnot. w? nee the amc re
markable ntaiu of affairs which has existed
in the Xortl during tho last ix yearn.
Tho people tf the North are jut about
equally dividel uxn the great question
of the'day. There is no uch preponder
ance in the votes of either party as to in
dicate any grtst and lasting majority. It
ii ouocf the uost marvelous things in his
tory, nays the Journal of Commerce, tjiat
for bo long a lime, from election, to elec
tion, in the midst of the utmosLexcitemcnt,
through war and peace following war, the
votes of tho immense governing popula
tion of the Northern State uhould remain
j ust about conlly divided on the grandest
questions ever hubmtttcd to the decision of
a peoplo. Here arc lessons for the world
to learn it this state of affairs. There
are a!io lemons for the couutry to learn.
And that paper, always calm, temperate
and patriotic, proceeds to point out those
lessen s$ follows
It is plain enough that the majority of
the cit:zcns of tho United States are op
posed to tho course taken by Congress,
and in fayor of the pcl'cy of tho President.
Half the people of the North, ancj all the
people of the Houth, aro agreed in thi.
Oa the other hanh'u ja plain that the mi
nority of the. people, and a very decided
minority hi that r,Q'.f ruh and vf'Al contin
ue to rule the country. It is not a rule
of tha rnaj&pty qnder which tho iuhabi:
P . 1 I' !i, I CJ.
janisoj i.ne iJRucj piaip are w jive.
A nQtm fact ji plain and oir-'ht to be dis
tinctly rccoiiiized hcnccfurlh. Neither
the Itcpullioit) Ror the Hemocptio party
is dead. It has hewn yery hiien safd tint
the mbsion of the Republican, party wai
accomplished. Politicians have talker
about the disjecta membra of that party,
and imagined that a new party could be
formed out of the conservative portions of:
the old. I he lesson of this week, is that!
the Jtcpublican party is not dead, but i
firm, united and htrong, and there is no
such thing as conservatism in it. The Re
publicans have steadily advanced as their
leaders directed or drove, and every Re
publican votes the Radical ticket and ku3
tains the Radical party in Congress. Th-
exceptions aro so few that they are not
worth counting. We cxprcssedt this opin
ion some time ago, and the elections thus
far held confirm the view. There is no
yisible revolution in politics. Fho domi
nant party holds together, just about
equaled by the opposition, only holding
pflWPF- py a Tcry pujau oriucrn majority
ani jt.s raewjber arc Radicals, prepar
ed o p9Ft it is accpniplishing Radical
The VamWfUW fifty s no wore dead
than the Jiepubiican. 'jio firpl Pf aftlio-.
ton havo only W8iinc4 tbjsni an4 tho
blows of successive defeats. jaye (pjy wer
ded it into a more compact rnas.s., Jt pojjs
its huge voto, just as heretofore, gaipipg
some in ono place, losing somo in apptbpr,
but always the same old party. It s ar
rant nonsense, in the face of such an elec
tions as this iu Pennsylvania, where Mr.
Clymcr poJIs one half the immense vote
of tho State it is arrant nonsense, we say
for any man lookipg at suh a fact, to talk
of the Democratic party as dead. Roth
parties live,' botJt arc dangerously I6pg
lived. If either one. of them were dead
apd buried it is probable that a new party
would spring up and carry tho country.
Rut that cannot be. Tho elements of long
life are abundant in both organizations.
As it is tho fate of tho naf ion is to depend
on the future action of theso two political
parties. They stand faco to face, just
about even in numbers. They aro hos
tile to each' other. They are bent on di
rectly opposite purposes. They are equal
ly determined in their claim of patriotism.
If the party in'power attempt the revolu
tionary measures which havo been threat
ened, the other party will unquestionably
stand by the Constitution and laws.
In view of this state of facts, it becomes
the duty of all men to look earnestly to
ward wise calm measures, such as will not
tend to excitement and collision. ' The pe
riod is dangerous. Tho country is in a
critical position, no less so than it was in
1860. ' It is evident that Radical measures
have now all the support they can receive
from the people, .'he Radical majorities
will .hardly ever bo any more than now.
It is a plain case of one half the people of
the North against tho other halt. Let not
the majority venture too far in view of
such a stato. It wants but a jew votes to
givo'all the power into other hands. It
wants but the execution of one threat made
by such men as Butler, to plunge us into
a contest, by the side of which thejate war
4Youiu beeija out cunu s pijy-
TELE C R A PH.
San FitANCiBCO, Deo 51.rThe Kant"
ern lines aro both down beyond Salt
Lake; no Kastcrn news.
Tho steamer America left this morning
for San Juan del Sur. Among the pass
engers is Mark Twain, the humorist.
Private dispatches from.Acapuloo state
that (Jen. Castangncy had arrived at San
Rlas from (juadalnjarn, to march overland
to tho City of Mexico with the troops re
cently driven outof'Sonora andSinoloa
by tho Liberal. IIo found, however,
that tho contemplated movement was im
pOHnible, from the fact that Losada,' the
Mexican Imperialist Coinmaudcr at Tepee,
who had been unwavering in his devotion
to the Kmpiro ninco hi defeat lust sum
mer by Corona, and tho failure of the
French to furnish relief or money to pay
his men, had at lant gone over with his
whole force to the Liberals, and uniting
hi troopH with those sent out by Corona
from Muzutian, was waiting iu the moun
tains to attack tho French column in over
.'ie!u:iiig numbers. Tho forces of M ar
tii.cz, 110 strong just returned from the
campaign in Sonora, alo joined this force,
and it was tho intention that ths march
overland would ueccHsarily be abandoned
by Caatangucy, who wou Id be compelled
to advance hw forces from-the aciSc
Coast instead of from Vera Ciux. , ,
San Fuancihcq, Dec. 10. Oen. Mc
dowell has issued order, giving accounts
of successful expeditious against Indians
in Arizona. Two rauchcriu have been
destroyed, one containing a largo amount
of winter store, GO killed, a number tak
en prisoner, and some horses captured.
The expedition was accompanied by ornc
Pimo and Arapaho Indian, who are high
ly complimented for valuable fcervices
Two hundred persons have already se
cured paage ou the Mcamer Colorado,
which ail on her firht trip to Japan and
China on the firct of January.
Hon. Johnny Mokkikhkv. The fal
lowing letter, received yesterday by over;
land mail explains it it If:
A.NKON UoVHK, Si'UI.Vt'l SfllEET. )
Nkw Vouk, November p, 100.
Tv the. editor of the Ih ralth.
Su: My attention ha been called to
an editorial artitL in tho Jhmld of thia
ky, in which it is aid that I hae bein
indicted for '"burglary and other offence."
It i a duty not only to myself, but to
the people of the Fifth Congressional Dis
trict, for for whose support I am a candi
date, that I ehould tat the fact. Wheii
I was a boy, but ixteen years of age land
a few friend were engaged in an alterca
tion with a party of young men, and in
that altcrcatiou there was a door of a house
kicked open. It was charged that I was
one of those who open the door and struck
ouc of the opposing party. An affidavit
was made by one of tho men engaged in
tho quarrel that I had broken open the
door aud fctruek him. I w indicted 'for
burglary and aault and battery. The in
dictment fur burglary was never tried.
The District Attorney regarded the charge
a too frivolous 1 3 be prosecuted, and sum
marily difsmiwed it. I wa tried for the
atfeautt and battery and found guilty.
JJcfore entering upoii. my canvass for
the position to which I aspire, I referred to
lay past lif, which until within the lafct
tight year, wa one of adventure, in con
sequence J the poverty of my parents and
the few adrantages I had in my carlyyouth.
I commenced to Jalcrfr my cwu livelihood
and to a-sist in tho support of my father
and mother at the early age of ten years.
At that time most buy are under the in
f.uenee &f domestic discipline, and have
the ad ran tags of regular educational training-
I It, tlicrcfwre strange that J should
hare commitM Arfora jq piy early life?
'fhera are but few b'ys tint harp not been
guilty ol trifling assault an.) battery, Jf
had influential parents and friend J wu)4
havo, been permitted, probably, to have
escaped with a reprimand; but, haying nq
one to say one kiud word for mcTa paor,
rough boy working in a foundry-rsufTcred
the slight penalty due to my boyish folly
uuring my wuoio lite no man can say
that I have ever wronged him, defrauded
him of a dollar, or even broken my given
word. I have had during the last eight
years buisncss relations and connections
with many of tho best men of this city.
and not oue of them will say I am other
than a man ot my word and of strict integ
rity: 1 have endeavored by my conduct to
atone for the mistakes of my youth. Al
though successtul in accumulating a com
petence, I have never forgotten that I was
onco poor, I have never turned a poor
man Iron my door, or deserted a friend
in his need, There has been much criti
cism, iu the newspaper in referepco to my
being a candidate for Congress. It is nat
ural that I should meet with groat oppen
sit f on. 4. mau who has passed through
siicb varied an4 strange scenes of lifo as I
hayo musj, pipect to, piake bitter enemies
and Warn? ffipngs, nncj jealousies and hosr
tilities .are inseparable from political con
tests. Uut, Jr. fidftor, f wj statp to
you my motiyes i.n bglnS ft canJdat fop
I havo one boy, who is now twelve yiearu
of age, who will havo the benefit pf tho
best education this country can afford, and
will have bettor opportunities than I had
at bis age, to start upon an honorable ca
reer. I feel it a duty I owe to him, my
only child, to make my record as clear and
honorable as .possible, that my manhood
may atone for the follies and errors of my
youth, and leave behind me memories of
which my son in alter years may be proud
and that will cast no shadow upon hia path
through life f
I respectfully solicit, as an act of justice
that this reply should be published in your
Anecdote or the Late Duke of
Wellinqton.t rWheu Arthur Welles
ley, with, the rank of ensign, went to In?
dia, he had plighted his trotn to a pretty
and handsome girl. ' During hio abspnee
his afftancjd was Bcized with tha small
pox. She . was sadly pitted. In these
circumstances, Miss wroto to her lover
relieving him from his -engagement.
'Lliis young Boldier, at once an honorable
man and polite wrote back, Mtat it wast
herself, and not to her face, he wasepgag
ed." r This amiable girl .was in the sequel,
Duchess of Wellington. . J
The Day Book says, if the .AboHtion
party shall continue to rule' tho destinies
of the country,' it Intends to go straight
.1 x - .0 i i " :
uuwtf tu tuij j)fifuij-ion 01 negro euam-jf.
Markets, &c. AVe clip tho following
from McCrakcnj Merill& Co.'s Market
Report of December 8:
Trade during the fjrst week of Scom
ber has been more than usually quiet,
partly owing to tho rain, but attributable
to the few arrival seaward, Not that
there is any scarcity of merchandise in
the market : far from it but for the waqt
of ships to carry our large surplus props
now pressing to the seaboard. It is for
tho lack of this needed tonnage that all
interests at present suffer and languish ;
nor do we look for any material revival in
buKincss until after the Holiday season.
We remark the arrival of thenewsteam
hhip Oregonian, 08 days from New York
the shortest passage on record; Capt.
Rraiard in hi memoranda says the run
ning time was but Ct days, having anch
ored four days. The entire passage was
very pleasant, with fine weather most of
the time. This steamer comes consigned
to J. W" Ladd. She was built with an
eye to the Oregon trade; but as the oppo
sition North is so very brisk, and freight
and passage low, it is not improbable that
ho will bo sold. Her cost doos not fall
much short of 8000,000.
The brig Alert Yokohama, brought over
B15 cases of Japan Silk Worms, for re
hipmcni tq France. These will go for
ward by the outgoing steamer Montana,
Arrangements havo been made with the
different line of Oregon steamers to carry
the IJ. S. 3Iails. This will be a great ac
commodation during the winter season.
Heretofore 7 or more days have been con
sumed in carrying the same to and from
Portland; now 70 hours will, onthe aver
age, bo all that i recuired. Letters to be
thus conveyed must be endorsed "Per
Now that the Rump feel that Constitu
tional amendments will not be adopted by
the Southern States, they come out and
show their hands, and declare that, had
they been adopted by every State, they
would then have reluscd admission to
Southern Representatives until the South
had adopted negro suffrage.
As the time allowed the negroes in
Florida to legalise their relation as bus-
band and wife, was about expiring, hun
dreds of couples were married every week.
NKW A DYKRTISKM ENTS.
HE SAN FRANCISCO STORE !
Jl Lit S CIRAIMVOIII,, Prop'r.
ALBANY - - - OREGON.
rilHE FUIiHCRIP.ER WOULD INFORM THE
JL con of Allan v nl ricioilj tbt bo now
hcuj4: th corner trick ttoro
Corner of ririt and Washington Streets.
IIo i&te&i to lull Good
AT THIJ LOWEST PRICE !
CA3JI Oil J?l6llJOm
The j u'jilo wnal'l do we'l to examine ir.j CockU
tsk-rft furch&tfi elc.Uere.
My wuck cut jUu, ia 'art, MfoHowt :
A GOOD STOCK OF THE BEST LIQUORS
i:y?r Ilrouirjjt totliln Market !
fhicb bo intends f 9 eelj
Pee. 22, rSnlfilj' "'
STOP THAT THIEF!
Or A COUGIll
IT IS STEALING FROM YOU YOUR HEALTH
which ia ae&ror to 70a than all your wealth.
Hi-tcnth of the diseases prevalent in this cli
mate gpring from Colds and Coughs.
R. O Y A U 3 ALSAM
challenges the worM to prodnce apj thing in the
shape of Medicine thaj
Will Remove and Eradicate a Congh,
what form the disease might assume. "Henlej's
Itojal Balsam" is the Best Medicine in the world
for Bronchial or Pulmonary affoctions. For
Croup or Whooprng Cough, there is nothing on
earth that can equal it. All Mothers and Nurses
ought to hare a bottle close by them ; it will give
a Child relief in twe minutes. It is entirely veg
etable, and will prove a blessing to the human
For Yb benefit of Suffering
I bare fcppo rijjiljjie.d ?m yery fcrere eoogb for
15 years, aud in thai time hare tried all the reme
dies I heard of, but all to no purpose.' I had' no
faUh in anythinjr. " Mr," Smith "p.orsuadod ' ihe to
(ret a Dotue ot "uemey Jlvoyat jtsauaro: ana 1
freely acknowledge that I was perfectly attonphcd
with tho miraculous effect it had on me." It gaj-e
mo relief tho first night I used it'. I slept well
without eoughinf. I did nor know what to make
of it. I hare taken apout tpreo bottles, and lcef
well and heartv. thark God! . There is not money
enough in Oregan to liire mie to be without some of
it in my house, for fuarof another attack.
' ' THOS. II. THOMPSON,
Front Judge JtXarquam,
I have used "Henley's Hoyal Balsam," mysolf,
and in my family, and find it a first rate Medieine
for Ooughs and Colds, X hereby rooommond it to
4o publio ' P. A. MA11QP4M,
From iIri pnlmcrj -
Mr. Uttie girl had tne "VThooping Cough. Ipro
curodone bottle of Dr. Henloy'a "Royal Balsam"
-4rit aoted liki a charm. The first spoonful I gave
caused her to throw up a quautity of phlegm, and
sho was relieved right away, and slept well. Be
fore the eh'ebottle was used up she was well and
hearty.1 I really think it is a poifect God-send.
BARBARA PALMER. ;
From F. "DoWitt,- Merchant.
To the PuBtic I had a bad cough for a long
tune. A friend urged me to get a bottle of "lien
ley's Royal Balsam." He said it cured him.' I
got a bottle, and, sure, enough, it bad a splendid
offeot.' It dried the cough up in a snort time,' J
hereby recommend it to the publio.
"'C , v.. - , P. DsWITT.
For Sale by Settlemier.A Co., AlpWy. , ;
r-.Ulti Dr. Wm. UCTiXKY. PropV, '
Dec.22,'66 y2nl9tf . K
IT. J. tflLTiBIDKL. I r. M. BED7IELD.
FAMILY GROCERIES I
WOULD A5J?OU!?CP TO TJIB CItl-.
sen of Albany, and rkirity, that we have
At the old stnX of J. toreros, adjoining tho
Express Office, ia
AMI AM' - - OIlEGOHr,
THKRE WItL BE
KEPT CONSTANTLY ON HAND
A good 'apply of
CIGARS AND TOBACCQ,
WOOD AND H'lLLOXV WAKE,
TOYS AND ALL KINDS OF YANJCEC NOTIONS.
Cheap (of Cash or Copntry ?rodDtf
W J. IIILTABIDEL k CO.
Dee. 22, T2nl91y
BUSINESS AND COMMERCE!
Cor. Alder and Front Street,
PORTLAND ... OREGOW,
fpiIIS COLLEGE IIAXKS FIRST Q?f THE
J, COAST, and offer advantages for acquinrg "
a 1'ractical Iiu'ues Education superior to any
Till: COl ItSi; OF I-TKrCTION
Is conducted on the plan of the best Commercial
Colleges in Europe and the Atlactie
States, combining ,
THEOUY AXD PRACTICE,
By ma&s of Banks and Basinets Offices, thai fa
miliarizing the fe'tttdent with all the differ
ent kinds' of LtmneM in th ;
shortest possible time,
and least expense.
THE BUSINESS COURSE
Embras-fre Book-KerptB (by Single and Doable :
Entry), FenmannLip, Commercial Calcula
tifn, Correrp'n4ence, Commercial Latf, -Actual
JJuinr , LectuM on Ae
counts, Dasiness Ciutotas, Mer
jjiptilp Ethics, Ac, Ac.'
FcholariLips, ejrabracins the whole Bustoesf
coarse, t.eguiar ana special ijtc ta res, time
unlimited, with privilege of reviewing at
any future time $5(k
There are tin Vacations. Students enter at art?
For farther rarticuUrs address the FresidcnL or.
call at the College.
M. K. LAUDEXSLAGER, Tres t.
n. M. De Fbssce, Sec'y. w
Iee. '66, nl"3m
GOOD GURB AND PLENTY OF (T,
L. JAY p. TURNEYi
HAVING LEASED THE ABOVE NAMED
Hotel, is 'prepared (9 accommodate the frayr
tUug public, andoXE hcxdheo eccruas BOijv
eu, in a gQNd utyle as any House on the" Coajj.
Fie has determined to rnake the !BseaBett'tasgoo$
as the be'st,' and letter than any public lio? ir
Saliiijj .' IIViU oon epmplete'some important 19-.
proyrHcrj'ts, w hich will add' greatly to its appear; '
nee'andcewfurfftn('iptynd; io merit and hopes
toreeeive his'shiVj;' Vf'p Hfff6: ' "
Ie llaj 'stHru'red 'tne 'serines pf J.'Cnfleyt
(Jtp'oVn to be fh'e Mtooli m Safeja, and op.?pf
the best m Jbp whole cpnnjry), and other crnpe::
tent persons to manage jbe "culinary department
and" U resolved to set as eood a" table aa e'an" "Ka.
found any where cb in Claptrap, pomp an.dflioV.
fiumtnery and fine furniture', bet in ad abundant
supply of the very best the market affords. '
His Bar-Room will be kept warm and 'lighted;
and well supplied with newspapers, periodieal
and other suitable reading matter, and kept in- a
manner wnicn wui make 11 an agrecaoie jxspri. . -t
In short, he intends making an effort to please
all. wno stop at toe jjkssett xiqcse. Ana oe
most respectfully reqpests b fripnd ererywhere. '
to giro the old and well knjwa. stand at least one'
more trial before concluding they can do aa well
elsewhere, and promises if they are not well treat'
ed, apd properly cared fqr, pmd af M.fJFgr
re; it will not be the fault of the public'! most
ooeaicni ana most numoie scrvanr. f
L, JAY S. TURXEY
N. B. Furnished rooms, with or witho'nt board
by the day, week or month, at the "Bennett";
charges moderate. L. J. SJ. T. :
Salem, Oregon, Not. 12, 1S66 v2nl8tf
Tl T VIRTUE OF A WRIT OF EXECUTION"
I3 and order ef sale issued from the Circuit
Court of the Sfate of Oregon and County of Linn,
and to me directed, in favor ol Thomas Monieith
or J a.m. Tt.,.,n l. 1.1: T 1
administrators of tho estate of Sidney Smith, de
ceased, for the sum of eight hundred and eighty
dollars and fifteen cents interest, and costs and
accruing cost?, I have pn this 2Sth day of Novem
ber, 1866, levied upon, and on " ' ' . ' ,
Saturt?aythe 29thdflyofPeccrnler, 1G$
betweon the hours of ten o'clock, i.. m., and four
oclock, p. v., wUl expose to publio aueton o tha
highest bidder, in' front of the Court Houm door,
in said Linn county, the following described real
property te.wit:' " " '
. ' a ai ' . m
ion, Biiuaiea in Aiinn t;ountv. Urecon
- Sheriflf pf Linn CoiantyV'Pregoia.
Noyembcr 29; 1866. v2nltAw H
BY VIRTUE OF AN EXECUTION AND OR
der of sale issued oiit of the County Court of
the County of Linn, in. the State of Oregon, and Jo
me directed, in favor of J. II. nardeinari . Utut
against James W. Savage, for the sum of throe hun
dred and eighty-seven dollars and thirty-one cents'
($387 31), in JUnited-States gold -eoinf interest
and costs and accruing costs, I have' on TheSta4
day of December, 1866, levied upon, anc ftiO
Monday, the 21st day of aary
between the hours of , 10 o'clook A. m. and 4 o'elooK
r. m., I will expose to sale at publie auction, .in
front of the Court House door, inlaid State and;
County, to the highest bidder, the following, de-.
scribed real estate to-wit i It being part of t he
Donation Land Claim of Charles Williams, Noti
fication No. 2004 and Claim No-72, Townsida
No. 12; south of Range 4, West, of the "WiiUmeUJi
Meridian, in tha County of Linn and the Slate F
Oregon, together with, all of ihe appurbsnahccC
thereunto belonging. J ' ; ' . ' :"' 1 l
HARVEY SMITH, Sheriff"!!
V ,-of Linri County, Oregon j .
By. J. W. B raJtoei 8 teg, "Deputy. ' rr ?
Dated at Albany, Oregon-, December 20,. 1805,
T3ui94w- J .t
pi ine iJ.onation l.and Claim of Berry
. No."5,222, 'in'Tpwnship No. fourteen (14 1
of rnge three fo)VesV XViilamette i Meridi'